1830's: Asian Digression

Flag of the Japan adopted in 1820 (note the similarities to the Flag of the Kingdom of France)

The 1820’s and 1830’s were not a fun time if you were a citizen of Japan.During this period the French would constantly creep deeper and deeper into the government of the Tokugawa shogunate. By the dawn of the year 1840 Japan had become a French client state was becoming more and more a French Colony every day.

However, Japan's fate was not set in stone as the French control over the Tokugawas government grew a group of Japanese warriors left Japan looking for the means to evict the French from their country. Led by Imperial Prince Toshihito this band of warriors would find employment with France’s long time rival the British Empire more specifically the British East India Company. Toshihito would assemble a Division’s worth of Japanes ranging from the sons of Samurai to peasants seeking their own fortune. They would learn how the Euorpeans fought and the weapons of war that they fought with. The Japanese under Toshihito would distinguish themselves in the conquest of India in the 1820s; afterwards the Japanese Division would be brought to Britain and receive a commendation for their valor and service to the Brithsh Empire. When the British learned that he was a member of the Japanese Imperial Family, Toshihito was invited to visit with King George IV and the Royal Family. During his time in London Toshihito would become friends with then Prince of Wales Henry (the Lionheart reborn), gifting the prince a custom made Katana (several sword smiths were attached to the Japanese exiles) he and his officers would tour many british textile mills, Ironworks, and shipyards while in England. The British seeing a possible dagger to stab the French where they lest expected it encouraged Imperial Prince Toshihito to gather as many of his country men who hated the french occupation of Japan as much as he did to gather in England where they could train to drive the French from Japan and bring Japan into the modern age as the “Britain of the Pacific”. In 1836 Britain would set up a small industrial base in Northwest Australia This settlement named Kasetsu jūtaku would have its own Ironworks, textile mill and armory in short everything the Japanese exiles needed to train an army to retake their homeland. By the end of the 1830’s Prince Toshihito had turned Kasetsu jūtaku into a small city with a civilian population of 20,000 mostly Japanese men women and children in addition to 26,000 man strong Army.

The Chinese Nations

Flags of the Chinese States as of 1840

For the Chinese the 1830’s were a chaotic time for the Chinese the old united Quig Empire is gone in its place are several states that are vying for power. The northernmost is the Qing Empire the remnant of the old empire however Emperor Miankai In his stead the Empire ruled by General Chen Huacheng. The Qing Empire is the weakest of the Chinese States as it is saddled with the Treaty of Beijing.

To the South of the Qing Empire Remnant is the Sendond Ming Empire. Based out of Nanjing and ruled by Emperor Zhu Xiuxiang is much more stable than the Qing Empire. The Nanjing Government has been able to stabilize their economy. This was largely thanks to trade deals with Palmetto Trading Company and the Eagle East India Company two american based trading companies. With a stable economy Emperor Zhu Xiuxiang has been able to invest in improving the industries of the of the Second Ming Empire, throughout the 1830’s. All most all of these improvements were Financed by the two American trading companies.

Both the Divine Heavenly Kingdom, and the Hui Islanmic Republic both spent the decade focused on suppressing internal dissidents. Relying upon European imports to meet the needs that they would have had to expand their own industry to meet.

The Christian Republic of Pacifica

The Christian Republic of Pacifica is the most successful of the Fransiscanist republics that were born out of the Iberian Revolution. From its inception till 1824 Pacifica was caught in a civil war brought on by its very birth, as the native tribal religions and the Sizable Muslim population living in Pacifica rebelled a the thought of living under a new Christian Theocracy. The reslult fo this twenty year long civil war was the extermination of Islam and the native religions in the former Phillipeans. It was during this time that the Inquisition or the

Itim na pari (black priest) became the symbol of the new Fransiscan Christian government as they cleansed all traces of the opposing religions out of rebelling zones. Rebel combatants and those who refused to convert were reduced to slave labor in “reeducation missions”.

With the Philippines pacified by the mid 1820’s and victory declared by ArchBishop Emesto Marvin Parker Cabrales on March 17, 1824 one would think that they would celebrate and enjoy their “cleansed” nation. Yet the peace would last just eight years on June 12, 1832 the Christian Republic of Pacifica would beginning what would be a ten year campaign that would result conquest of the Island. While the military was busy Archbishop Emesto Marvin Parker Cabrales would be busy at home making used of the spanish who had fled the fall of the Union of Iberian Christian Republics to modernize Pacifica’s industrial base (by modernize I mean built form starch.) All of this means that by the beginning of the 1840’s the Christian Republic of Pacifica would join the Siamese Empire as the only two Asian nations to have been fully westernized.

The Siamese Empire

A staunch French Ally The Siamese Empire would spend the 1830’s working on integrating its new territory in Laos and Cambodia into the empire as well as fighting a series of wars with the Burmese Kingdoms. During this time the Siamese Imperial Navy would be founded in 1833 with the commissioning of 5 old French Ships of the line and 12 old French Frigates. By the start of the 1840’s Siam was one of two asian nations fully capable of repelling an European invasion should one come.

The Empire of Korea

In the wake of the Great Opium War the Joseon Kingdom fellin into the Russian Sphere of Influence. Compared to the other European Colonial Powers Czar Michael II and the Russian Empire were pretty easy going and laid back Masters. Crown Prince Hyomyeong Regent for the Joseon Kingdom for his seriously Ill father would meet with the Russian Minister to Korea Stanislav Rostislavovich Podshivalov found that he liked many of the ideas that he Russians offered Korea in exchange for favorable trade status, usage of Ports, the ability to station troops in Korea, and construct defences and naval bases. Russia would guarantee Indepence of the Korean state, proved aid building modern industries and train the Joseon Army and Navy to be on par with the Russian counterparts. Russia would even aree to finance the building of a Railroad From Vladivostok to Puson. When he Came to the throne following his father’s death, Crown Prince would name himself the first Emperor of the Empire of Korea, ending the Joseon Kingdom and the beginning of the Korean Empire, which he intended to model after the Empire’s Russian benefactors.

The Far East as of 1840

And China

****Author's note****
Yes I said that our favorite dysfunctional Oligarchy Louisiana was next but once yall started talking about Asia well my mind wandered. I am not responsible for this :)
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The Asian states and client/colony/etc are beginning to look like a powder keg ready to blow. The relationships between each of them must be very unique especially the Hui Islamic Republic and the Divine Heavenly Kingdom.
As long as the trade and their Conession ports are unharmed then most of Europe will sit back and roast a winner on the fire of a burning China. The British hope to be able to use japan as an annoyance to the French but the Japanese Imperials hanging out in Australia don't have a ride back to japan unless a major European war breaks out or so Britain believes at any rate.

The world is on the cusp of a major war like not seen since the American revolutionary war maybe back as far as the Seven Years War. ( TTL lacks the Napoleonic Wars). But the spark will not come from Asia. I wonder if anyone can guess.

And its gonna be a WTF spark that will be R rated
Fall of the Republic of Louisiana
The Republic of Louisiana

For the Republic of Louisiana the 1830’s were the decade that broke the the Republic. The decade started with the Republic in a precarious spot. The actions of the underground railroad sponsored by the high percentage of Abolitionist in New Orleans had ruined relations with the Commonwealth of American States and Internally their own policies were stirring the pot of resentment among the lower classes. Into this mix entered a band of filibusters lead by Christopher Wallings arrived in Petite Roche on a river steamboat and began sowing pro Commonwealth propaganda among the poor working class people there and in other river towns up and down the Arkansas, Mississippi and Red Rivers. By 1836 it was just a matter of what would cause the powder keg to blow up and when would it happen.

The answer to these questions would come a year later on June 17, 1837 when the merchantman Carolina Pine docked in New Orleans. The Ship a trader from Wilmington N.C. was here to pick up a shipment of Sugar bound for North Carolina, however when a group of abolitionist heard that their were slaves on board the ship they stormed the ship to free the slaves. Where most countries would remove the abolitionist and apologize Louisianian president Jacques Dupré would instead support the actions of the radicals and impound the ship and imprison its crew. To say that the CAS was enraged by this would be an understatement. And Chancellor Andrew Jackson demanded the release of the crew and the ship, the return of any human property that may have been sized with the ship, a formal apology and 5 million dollars in compensation (in Commonwealth Gold dollars not the worthless Louisianian “Bluebuck” dollar). On July 20, 1837 President Jacques Dupré would refuse Jackson’s demands (he didn’t really have a choice the Republic didn’t have that much money in its treasury) he would tell his commanders to ready the army and navy for war because it was surely coming. And he was right on August 1, 1831 Chancellor Andrew Jackson would ask the Combined Commonwealth Council and House of Delegate to declare war on the Republic of Louisiana. The vote was never in doubt On August 1, 1837 the Commonwealth of American States declared war on the Republic of Louisiana. This would lead to what would become as the Mississippi War a short lived affair that would reshape the map of North America.

Jacques Dupré (Republican Party) 1828-1838

For Louisiana the War arrived on April 10, 1837 when five River boats escorted by four river gunboats sailed up attacked Fort Tulipe that guarded the junction of the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. The Battle of Fort Tulipe would see its 1,500 man garrison pitted against 8,000 Virginia and 7,000 North Carolinian (total of 15,000 men ) commanded by Major General John Tyler of Virginia. The battle of Fort Tulipe would last just two days as the Americans quickly overran the undermanned Louisanan fort. Leaving a Garrison under a young Second Lieutenant George W. Lee (1) the Commonwealth flotilla will continue on to Petite Roche. The Commonwealth Flotilla would arrive at just down river from the city on April 22, 1837 where it would land General Tyler's Army before the gunboats commanded by Commodore Charles G. Hardee moved up river to provide artillery support for the ground forces. The battle of Petite Roche would take place on the evening of April 22, 1837 and would pit the Commonwealth army under General Tyler 12,000 strong mainly infantry with around 500 cavalry and 5 small field guns (cavalry and artillery limited by space on the transports) against a Louisianian Force numbering 8,000 infantry supported by 1,000 cavalry (using the term loosely) and 10 pieces of Artillery varying in size and age commanded by General Thomas Frenchman. Despite having more mounted troops the Louisianian forces were lacking in training and standard equipment. The disciplined professional soldiers of Virginia and North Carolina quickly routed the defenders and occupied the city giving it the anglophile name of Little Rock. After leaving another garrison at Little Rock slightly larger and under the command of Captain James Davis. Tyler and his commanded re-boarded hist transports and set sail once more this time back down the river with his sights on the Lower Mississippi now that Louisianian upper Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers were under Commonwealth Control. Tyler would first stop at Fort Washington Georgia to take on Reinforcements and resupply. Not heading down river until until March 23, 1837.

Tyler's Campaign was not happening in a vacuum, much to the shock of the Louisianians On March 7, 1837 a Federal Republic of America force commanded by Colonel William S. Hamilton to take St. Louis and control of the northernmost part of Louisiana.

Meanwhile in the Mississippi Delta The Commonwealth Navy Gulf Squadron commanded by Admiral John Irvine Bulloch had arrived off the coast of the port of New Orleans. Recently reinforced Gulf Squadron consisted of eight ships of the line twelve sailing frigates, eight steam frigates, ten steam sloops and fifteen sailing sloops behind the warships were transports carrying the Commonwealth Marine Brigade 6,500 men trained in amphibious assaults and fighting on board ships commanded by Brigadier General Winfield Scott and the 2nd Corps of the Commonwealth Army 10,000 men and 18 field guns from the Army of Georgia, 10,000 men and 12 field guns from the Army of South Carolina and 5,000 men and 6 field guns from the Army of Florida commanded Major General Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Jr. of South Carolina. On March 15,1837 after a week of naval bombardment Scott’s marines would assault Fort Republic that guards the entrance to New Orleans Harbor. Unlike Fort Tulipe, Fort Republic was fully manned with 64 guns and a Regiment of Infantry inside it. The battle of Fort Republic began at Dawn (Scott having landed his men during the night under the light of a mostly fully moon), as would last until dusk but after a full day of fighting and very heavy losses for his Marines at 1745 Scott would hoist the Commonwealth Flag over the Fort with as the last Louisianian troops surrendered.

With the fall of Fort Republic the Louisianian Government knew that its goose was cooked with a Commonwealth Army advancing down the Mississippi and a Commonwealth army coming ashore at the city gates President Jacques Dupré knew that the jig was up so during the Night of the March 15th he met with the rest of the leading families of the Republic and they drew up their articles of surrender. The next morning under a white flag President Jacques Dupré along with General Jacques Toutant-Beauregard approached the Commonwealth Forces. He offered a cease fire and the terms of surrender of the Republic of Louisiana. The terms offered were

  1. The Republic of Louisiana Formally surrenders to the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of American States and the Federal Republic of America.
    All territory north of the Arkansas River Mississippi Junction line goes to the Commonwealth of American States or the Federal Republic of America depending upon occupation divisions of the Victors.
  2. The Mississippi River will become the Eastern Boundary for the Republic of Louisiana ceeding all lands east of the mississippi river to the Commonwealth of American States.
  3. The Republic of Louisiana will cease all tolls on traffic on the Mississippi River.
  4. The Republic of Louisiana her by asks for admittance and accepts statehood in the Commonwealth of American States, and will adjust its laws to conform with the Charter of the Commonwealth of American States.
The Commonwealth Commanders were shocked by the offered terms and the treaty was sent to Williamsburg on the fastest steamer in the fleet. As they didn’t have the authority to accept such a wide ranging treaty they did however accept the cease fire and the 2nd Corps would occupy the city of New Orleans without firing a shot. Word would return on June 2, 1837 the treaty had been approved by the Commonwealth Council and Chancellor Jackson. The war was over The state of Louisiana would remain under occupation until all Louisianian soldiers had surrendered and the states new Constitution was approved. In a three month war Chancellor Jackson has doubled the size of the Commonwealth and the Republic of Louisiana had been wiped off the map of North America.

The new constitution of the State of Louisiana was ratified on December 7, 1837 it would be come the second state to be admitted as a Free state outlawing Slavery inside its borders (the State of Dominico was the first admitted in July 1832) but respecting the rights of slave owners living in other states who might travel though the state. A new flag was adopted with the old flag of the Republic of Louisiana in the canton a white field with a gold right and bottom borders, named the state flag to many Louisianians it would be know as the Surrender Fag; and the Army of Louisiana would continue to fight under the old flag.

The Flag of the State of Louisiana (The Surrender Flag)
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The Commonwealth of American States in the 1830's Part I
The Commonwealth of American States

In the Commonwealth of American States the 1830’s began with a Chancellor’s Election. Following the House of Delegates Election in 1829 the Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party cemented its control on the House of Delegates causing many to assume that Andrew Jackson would be in the Chancellor’s office come March. However, the Commonwealth Chartist Party was not quite ready to lie down and die just yet. When it came time for the Chancellor’s Election The Commonwealth Chartist Party would nominate the Retired General Henry Lee IV of Virginia. Lee was the most well known pro expansion member of the CCP and was a war hero same as Jackson, but also came from a family of heroes in Virginia. Of course the CMDP nominated Andrew Jackson of North Carolina. Lee would give Jackson more of a contest that Jackson had expected as Lee’s platform centered on Bringing the Island of Hispaniola into the Commonwealth as a state and their by expanding the Commonwealth, Jackson at first was opposed to this as many of the CMDP delegates wanted to divide the Territory of Hispaniola between the states. While Jackson focused his speech on forcing the issue of a toll free Mississippi River on the Republic of Louisiana, and bring Cuba into the Commonwealth via Carrot or Stick. The First Vote would hang with Jackson in the lead but short of the two vote majority. Between the two ballots Jackson would agree to the statehood of Hispaniola and to giving Lee a seat in the Cabinet with this deal in place Jackson would win on the second votes.

First Vote: The vote is hung Jackson has more votes but short the 2 vote majority needed to win.
Andrew Jackson (CMDP-NC) 38 Votes
Henry Lee IV (CCP-VA) 37 Votes

Second Vote: Jackson wins by 3 votes.
Andrew Jackson (CMDP-NC) 39 Votes
Henry Lee IV (CCP-VA) 36 Votes

Jackson’s cabinet would be created in accordance to Cabinet Act of 1822 consisted of
Speaker of House: Gerard Chittocque Brandon (CMDP-GA)
Secretary of War: Henry Lee IV (CCP-VA)

Foreign Secretary: William Henry Harrison (CMDP-VA)
Secretary of State: Alexander Churchill (SNA-MD)
Secretary of Treasury: Cornelius Roosevelt (CMDP-Va)
Minister of Territorial Affairs: Archibald Tombs (CMDP-Sc)

The Jackson administration would commence with its plans to expand the Commonwealth on November 1, 1831 when The House of Delegates Voted to allow the Commonwealth Territory of Hispaniola became the sixth state known as Dominica after they submitted a proposed State
Constitution that complied with the Commonwealth Charter and included a provision that English would be the language of Government and would be taught in addition to Spanish, and french. Their statehood would become official on November 10, 1832 but they would hold elections on November 8, 1832. Jackson’s administration would also pass the Naval Act of 1831 which provided for the construction of 8 more ships of the line and 12 more frigates and 50 sloops. All of the Frigates and Sloops were to be steam powered, it also expanded the Marine Regiment to a Brigade and promote Colonel Winfield Scott the Marine Regiment’s Commander to Brigadier General.

The 1832 House of Delegates Election would see the largest expansion in the membership of the House in the History of the Commonwealth following the 1830 census and the addition of the State of Dominica, the House would almost double going from 75 seats in the 1829 election to 147 in 1832(1). The story or the new house breakdown wasn’t that Virginia dominated the chamber but that North Carolina and Georgia thanks to skill full immigration recruitment had managed to narrow the gap with North Carolina closing to just 8 seats shy of Virginia. The election of 1832 would see the Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party keep control of the House of Delegates, With the Commonwealth Chartist Party gaining seats, and the State Nationalist Alliance would see its caucus split between the Hawk and Dove wings of the party; with the doves having 14 seats and the Hawks having 11. The rally of the CCP and the dove Wing of the SNA were due in large part to the Turkish Immigrant voting block who had seen enough of war in their native lands and disliked the expansionist approach that the CMDP was taking.

Election of 1832
Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party: 76 seats
Commonwealth Chartist Party: 45 seats
State Nationalist Alliance: 25 seats
Anti Masonic Party: 1 seat

With his party retaining power in the House of Delegates, Jackson was free fully implement his agenda. He began by having Secretary of Treasury: Cornelius Roosevelt (CMDP-Va) create a discretionary funds account for the office of the Chancellor. From this account Jackson would fund a new wave of Filibusters across North and Central America, and the Caribbean Sea. The strongest focus of these Filibusters concentrations were in Louisiana and Cuba. Although the Mississippi War would come along in 1837 and allowed the annexation of the Republic of Louisiana into the Commonwealth. Cuba would take Longer to influence into coming into joining the Commonwealth but when it did join the Commonwealth it would be the ultimate victory of the Filibuster campaign. Later in his life Jackson would consider his support of the Filibusters was one of his most proudest accomplishments.

On a more above the counter legal note Jackson would use the period between 1832 and 1835 would be the most productive period of Jackson’s administration. It was during this period that Jackson was introduced to a South Carolina inventor named Isac McKnight he had developed a new gun with an new ammo that seemed promising. McKnight was a gun smith who had spent his life working at various arms companies around the world most notably he had worked with French Gunsmith Clement Pottet who had developed the first Center fire Cartridge back in 1829 (2); and with Samuel Colt (3) in the Federal Arsenal in New York, where he had seed Colts early work on his revolvers. McKnight had developed his own version of both technologies and combined the two. The McKnight Bullet was a fully contained Brass casing with a Conical Bullet at the top, at the base was the McKnight Primer. (4) McKnight married his bullet with his revolver designs to create the McKnight Revolver which was not only the first revolver to have a brass cartridge. When Chancellor Jackson and Secretary of War Lee met with McKnight at the Palmetto Armory in Charleston S.C. McKinght had not only his cartridge and revolver handgun to show off but a full length and carbine version of a prototype Revolving Rifle using his cartridge.

The pistol was featured a nine shot .40 caliber revolver where its 9-shot cylinder revolves around a separate central barrel of larger caliber than the chambers in the cylinder proper. The central barrel is smooth-bore and can function as a short-barreled .60 caliber or 20 gauge shotgun with the shooter selecting whether to fire from the cylinder or the smooth-bore barrel by flipping a lever on the end of the hammer. Flipping the lever up caused the movable striker to fall upon the primer set directly under the hammer, discharging the lower barrel, while leaving it in the standard position would fire the chambers in the cylinder, much like any other revolver. The Revolver was reloaded by pulling a pin on the front go the trigger guard which caused the butt of the gun to drop allowing for the rear of the cylinder and central tube to be exposed and the spent casings extracted and new bullets loaded. Thee carbine and Rifle were designed along the same pattern as the pistol but had a longer barrel and were chambered in a more powerful .45-70 caliber round. The Rifle and Carbine version both featured a lug to attach a bayonet something unheard of for Carbines at that time.

Both Jackson and Lee (who had not agreed on anything since before the war of 1805) were in agreement. McKnight was given a high level job at the massive Old Dominion Arsenal in Richmond, Virginia, and the Commonwealth Army bought his patients out right and complete for just over 500,000 Continental Gold Dollars (They would have to scrap 4 ships of line to come up with this money); as both men were in complete and total agreement the House of Delegates would have no problem passing the 1833 Small arms and Ordnance Act.

The McKnight family of small and long arms would be adopted as the 1833 McKnight Richmond Rifle, 1833 McKnight Palmetto Carbine,, and McKnight Augusta Revolver. Based upon the arsenal that each model was initially produced in. Although the complexity of the guns would make production difficult at first once production of the parts had been standardized production would become quicker. The production of ammunition for the guns would be done in North Carolina’s two small armories at Nashville and Raleigh, North Carolina, as well as St. Augustine Florida. The weapons would first see action with Scott’s Marine Brigade in the Mississippi War in 1837. By the end of the decade enough have been produced to equip one Infantry Division and one Cavalry Division in the Armies of each of the Continental States; as well as the entire Falkland Defense Force wit (all 6,000 men). The State Government of Falkland chose the carbine version for its entire force because it “better fit the fighting style of the Falkland Defense Force” there was also the fact that it was cheaper than the long rifle version.

The Generals of the Commonwealth were quick to realize that these new small and long arms were a game changers as one man equipped and trained with a McKnight Rifle or Carbine had the fire power of a company armed with traditional muskets or rifles. The only thing close was the Northerners in the Federal Republic with their Breech loading Hall Rifle and their new model Breech Loading Rifle with an improved breech loading system that was starting to enter service.
Secretary of War Henry Lee IV and the Commonwealth Commanding General Judah Gildstine formed a committee of Generals two from each state army to come up with new tactical theories for deploying unis armed with the new rapid firing rifles. The results of this committee would not be completed until the 1840’s.

The Massive military spending by the Commonwealth Government made a lot of state governments unhappy as the Commonwealth levy duties upon the states to get its funding not the citizens of the states. This would lead to the Commonwealth Chartist Party receiving lots of support from elected state government officials going into the 1835 Election. This push would be met by the Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party’s grassroots support. The results would see the CMDP retain the Majority but see the CCP and the SNA make inroads into their majority.

Election of 1835
Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party: 68 seats
Commonwealth Chartist Party: 50 seats
State Nationalist Alliance: 28 seats
Anti Masonic Party: 1 seat

(1) 1830 census and 1830’s house of delegates breakdown by state
CSA states// 1830 census// 1832 house seats per state
Dominica// 450,800// 11
Falkland// 18,500// 1
Florida// 120,000// 3
Georgia// 1,162,700// 29
Maryland// 452,850// 11
North Carolina// 1,521,100// 38
South Carolina// 325,233// 8
Virginia// 1,842,250// 46
CAS Total// 5,893,433// 147

(2) This happened OTL
(3) He and his family moved to the FRA after the New English Civil War he still invents his Navy Colt Revolver TTL Covered in the Up coming FRA Chapter
(4) This is the OTL Berdan Primer.
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The Commonwealth of American States in the 1830's Part II
In 1837 the events of the Mississippi War saw the Commonwealth double in size and Gain a new state in adding 8 more seats to the Commonwealth of Delegates, bring the total number of seats to 155, a special election held in the new state would see 5 of the new states go to the Louisiana Republican Party (the same party that ran the Republic) while the last 3 would joining the CMDP (the Filibuster backed voters). The LRP would refuse to joint the State Nationalist Alliance instead opt to remain and Independent block, The LRP advocated lower income taxes levied upon the states, and for a Commonwealth wide end of the current system of slavery and the creation of a tenant farmer system like in Louisiana (aka serfdom). They were firmly against the Virginia-Maryland adopted service for citizenship for newly freed slaves. The new State of Louisiana had a wealth requirement in order to vote

By the mid and late 1830’s Virginia and Maryland’s emancipation programs were well underway and both states were using their new labor force to expand roads, railways, and even the James River and Kanawha Canal. The availability of this labor force was so great that in 1839 Virginia would pass the Service for Citizenship Act. Under the Virginia Emancipation Act once the slaves achieved their freedom on July 1,1855 they would become residents of Virginia not citizens. The 1839 Service for Citizen ship Act would establish two paths for the negro residents of Virginia to become voting citizens. These two paths were service for 10 years in the Army of

Slaves working their way to freedom building railroads in Virginia. The moral of these crews were extremely high and only got higher after the Service for Citizenship act.

Virginia or 10 years continuing to work for the state in infrastructure improvement work crews. The resident blacks would receive pay for their service in either path as it would not take place till after the 1855 ending of servitude date, both programs were completely optional. Maryland would adopt its own Service for Citizenship laws in 1841.

Before the election in November the crowning glory of the Jackson Administration would take place. On March 11, 1838 the Republic of Cuba under the leadership of President Juan Christobal Santiago and his Águila Party would partition the Commonwealth of American States for admission into the Commonwealth. Santiago’s Presidency was owed entirely to the actions of close to a division work of Filibusters that infiltrated the Republic of Cuba during the 1830’s. Over the course of the decade they had managed to convince the majority of the Cuban elite that joining the Commonwealth was their best bet for staying rich in the long run or risk seeing Cuba fall under the control of a European Power or Colombia or Mexico. Under the Constitution that the Cubans sent to Williamsburg Cuba would enter the commonwealth without Slavery it already being illegal in the Republic, like Dominica they would use English for all government and military business but would continue to use Spanish in addition to English. The Vote would be held on March 28, 1838 the House of Delegates Voted 100 to 55 to accept Cuba into the Commonwealth as a state effective June 1, 1838, Cuba would be expected to hold elections for House of Delegates on November 8, 1838 with the rest of the Commonwealth. The Cuban Delegates that were elected were all of the local Aquila Party and like the Louisiana Republicans would from their own voting block independent of the other major political blocks that existed in the realm of Commonwealth Politics.

The 1838 election for the House of Delegates were held amidst mixed feelings, over the last eight years the Commonwealth had more than doubled in size and had gone from seven states to ten states. The army had been reorganized and acquired state of the art equipment and the Navy had been enlarged so that It could better preform its duty of protecting the coast of the now far reaching Commonwealth of American States. However, this had all come at a cost and the Commonwealth Government Budget had ballooned with all these changes. This would lead to a first in the history of the CAS an election for the Commonwealth government where government spending played any role at all. (normally this was overlooked as the Commonwealth Government actually taxed the State Governments not the actual citizen of the States. However the state governments put the issue of the Commonwealth Government’s spending to their citizens as the election drew nearer. This would lead the Commonwealth Chartist Party to campaign its candidates on a platform of reduced amount of new Commonwealth Government spending by passing smaller naval bills, While the Commonwealth Manifest Destiny party would take is ques form Jackson and run on the platform of establishing a Commonwealth National Bank that would be in charge of financing the Government Debt that was needed to expand and defend the Commonwealth States and their people. The results of the November election was a dead heat between the CCP and the CMDP. With the CCP taking 60 seats and the CMDP taking 61 seats, The SNA Hawk Dove split would end up being 14 Doves and 15 Hawks and the other parties filling out the House of Delegates. With these results Speaker of the House Gerard Chittocque Brandon (CMDP-GA) would announce his retirement and John Branch (CMDP-FL) would be elected Speaker by a CMDP, SNA hawk coalition. However, with the House so fractured it meant that the Chancellor Election in March 1839 would be in play by at least all there major parties.

Election of 1838: 183 seats

Commonwealth Manifest Destiny Party: 61 seats
Commonwealth Chartist Party: 60 seats
State Nationalist Alliance: 29 seats
Aquila Party: 28 seats
Louisiana Republican Party: 5 seats

1839 would make the last year of the 1830’s and would also mark the end of the Jackson administration. No one could argue that Jackson and the CMDP hadn’t reshaped the Commonwealth during the past nine years. As March approached the CCP, the CMDP, the SNA and Even the Aquila, and Louisiana Republican Parties would select who they would nominate for the Chancellor election. The CMDP would nominate the Forgein secretary William Henry Harrison. The CCP would nominate Virginia state senator Henry Clay. The SNA would field two candidates as its two wings couldn’t agree the Hawks would nominate Charles Coker Governor of South Carolina while the Doves would nominate Francis Underwood a state assembly man also form South Carolina. The Louisiana Republican Party would nominate Andre B. Roman; and lastly The Aquila Party would nominate Juan Carlos Garcia mayor of Havana. With so many candidates in the race every one was aware this could be the first election to go past two votes in decades. It also saw many start to question if the SNA would end up splitting like the UCP had.

March 11,1839 would be a sunny spring day in Williamsburg, CD as the candidates were delivering their speeches the House was shocked as the SNA Dove Candidate Francis Underwood would announce that he was withdrawing from the election and ask his supporters in the House to vote for Harrison the CCP candidate not his fellow South Carolinian and SNA party member Charles Coker. As Underwood was the last to give his speech the first vote would commence once he stepped down from the podium.

1839 Chancellor election first house vote 93 needed to win

Henry Clay (CCP-VA) 66 Votes
William Henry Harrison (CMDP-VA) 61 votes
Juan Carlos Garcia (AP-Ca) 36 votes
Charles Coker (SNA(H)-SC) 15 votes
Andre Roman (LPR-La) 5 votes

The results of the first vote saw Clay take a 5 vote lead but still no where near the 93 votes needed to win. Harrison came in a close second with 61 votes. The shock to many was how well the Cuban Candidate did as some Dominican votes defected to him. By the rules the two lowest candidates were dropped so the second vote would be between Clay, Harrison, and Garcia.

1839 Chancellor election second house vote 93 needed to win

Henry Clay (CCP-VA) 74 Votes
William Henry Harrison (CMDP-VA) 65 votes
Juan Carlos Garcia (AP-Ca) 44 votes

The Second vote would once again see Garcia shock the house as the Louisianan Cuban, and Dominican delegates would defect their party blocks to vote for him. Still Garcia came in third which meant that he would be dropped from the next vote. Clay was still leading in the votes to with 74 to Harrison’s 65.19 It appeared that Clay had the easier path to the win needing to covert just 19 of Garcia’s votes in place of the 28 needed by Harrison.

1839 Chancellor Election third house vote 93 needed to win

William Henry Harrison (CMDP-VA) 94 votes
Henry Clay (CCP-VA) 89 Votes

The outcome of the third and final vote saw Harrison rise to the win with 94 votes to Clay’s 89 votes. Which left much of the CCP in shock they had been expecting the win. The deciding factor turned out to have been the CCP’s stance on saving money by reducing Naval spending. As the Island states relied upon the Commonwealth Navy to keep their ties to the Continental states open and protect their trade with the rest of the Commonwealth much less international trade. Regardless the CMDP would keep the Chancellor’s office for the next nine years at least. Although Harrison was promising a much more low key administration than that of out going Chancellor Jackson.

Chancellor: William Henry Harrison (CMDP-VA)

Once the Election was conclude and William Henry Harrison sworn as the Chancellor of the Commonwealth of American States. Jackson would quietly leave the executive mansion heading for the recently completed Peninsular Railway station in Williamsburg The three story station doubled as the Railroads Headquarters and Corporate Office. From there Jackson would board a train that would take him to Petersburg where he would transfer to the Virginia and Carolina Railroad to travel south to Raleigh where he would transfer to the Carolina Great Smokey Mountains Railway which would take him Knoxville Nc, and finally board the Cumberland River Railway which would take him to Nashville. Jackson would think how complicated it was and made worse that Virginia and Carolina didn’t use the same Railroad gauge Virginia using a 5.0 track and North Carolina using the 4.6-foot gauge. Jackson the general in Jackson began to worry about the effectiveness that the developing rail system would have in the event of war since there were so many different gauges of track that meant tons of transfers between different trains. But as a politician he knew that the odds of fixing it before a war showed the flaws of the system would be near impossible. When Jackson arrived at his plantation near Nashville he would retire to the life of a North Carolina Gentleman for now but he wonder how long till he became bored.

Commonwealth of American States National and State flags as of 1840
There are two cookies hidden in the last 2 chapters they I'm curious to see if anyone finds them. Also if anyone want to know anything else about the CSA let me know other wise the bus is rolling north to the FRA next chapter.
@estevech glad you are enjoying the story, yes I will post a north american map after I finish the updates, I still have the Federal Republic of America, Crown Republic of New England, and Empire of Mexico to cover. The FRA post is looking like its just gonna be one part same with the CRoNE update Mexico I'm not sure yet. As always depending on how the idea fairy visits me that all is subject to change.
Anthem of the Commonwealth of American States
Adopted on March 12, 1839 its adoption as the National Hymn of the Commonwealth was one of Chancellor Jackson's last acts in office. The Song was known as Hail Commonwealth

Hail Commenwealth, happy land!
Hail, ye heroes, heav'n-born band,
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
Who fought and bled in freedom's cause,
And when the storm of war was gone
Enjoy'd the peace your valor won.
Let independence be our boast,
Ever mindful what it cost;
Ever grateful for the prize,
Let its altar reach the skies.

Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.

Immortal patriots, rise once more,
Defend your rights, defend your shore!
Let no rude foe, with impious hand,
Let no rude foe, with impious hand,
Invade the shrine where sacred lies
Of toil and blood, the well-earned prize,
While off'ring peace, sincere and just,
In Heaven's we place a manly trust,
That truth and justice will prevail,
And every scheme of bondage fail.

Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.

Sound, sound the trump of fame,
Let Washington's great name
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Ring through the world with loud applause,
Let ev'ry clime to freedom dear,
Listen with a joyful ear,
With equal skill, with God-like pow'r
His ghost returns in the fearful hour
Of horrid war, or guides with ease
The happier times of honest peace.

Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.

Behold the immortal chief who now commands,
Once more to serve his country stands.
The rock on which the storm will break,
The rock on which the storm will break,
But armed in virtue, firm, and true,
His hopes are fixed on Heav'n and you.
When hope was sinking in dismay,
When glooms obscured Columbia's day,
His steady mind, from changes free,
Resolved on death or liberty.

Firm, united let us be,
Rallying round our liberty,
As a band of brothers joined,
Peace and safety we shall find.

The Federal Republic of America in the 1830's
The Federal Republic of America

The Federal Election of 1829 would be the first with the new states of Ohio and Mississippi up for grabs (they had appointed senators). With the Economy still going strong and people believing in Federalist promises of continued prosperity The federalist would keep their majority in the Senate. While it was also the first election to Bring up the subject of Nativeist policies opposed to the immigration of the Turkish to the Federal Republic of America which scored them unheard of victories in New Jersey and New York long time Federalist Strongholds.

1829 Senate Election

NY: 1 ADP, 2 FED
NJ: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Del: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Pen: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Erie: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Ohio : 1 ADP, 2 FED
Mississippi: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Total American Democratic Party 9 seats, Federalist Party 12 Seats Total of 21 seats

For the Federal Republic of America the 1830’s began as a time of soul searching the Turkish migration that began in the 1820 would continue until 1835 (this was true with the CAS too) before it finally dwindled down to a point were the number of Turkish immigrants no longer exceeded the number of immigrants from elsewhere in Europe. By the 1830’s the Turkish immigrants had taken to settling in the frontier states of Mississippi and Ohio. This meant that in these two states developed a distinct culture in them with lots of Turkish elements blended into the Anglo christian culture that dominated the FRA. This Turkish culture influence would appear in many of the developing industrial cities as well as little Ottoman Towns popped up in many cities of the FRA. On the opposite side of the coin some communities would pas no Turkish laws prohibiting Turkish immigrants from living in their communities. This disagreement over the welcoming of immigrants or rejecting them would take on a political flavor when the American Democratic Party adopted a Nativist first policy in the hope that they could label the Federalist Majority as selling out Christian American’s interest to frogeiners who weren’t even Christians.

This would set the stage for the Presidential Election of 1831. The Federalist would Run Consul Martin Van Buren of New York, while the American Democratic Party would Run Alexander Baker Governor Pennsylvania The Vote on October 2, 1831 would shock the political world in the City of Hamilton in the conclusion of a contested campaign centered not around the economy or defense but immigration policies. When the Votes were counted Baker was declared the winner with 53% of the vote, Van Buren came in second with 47% of the Vote. Since the switch to the direct election of the President of the Federal Republic of America had a lame duck period from the conclusion of the Election in October till March 4th of the next year. During this time Burbank, and Consul Van Buren along with the Federalist Controlled Senate passed several order for new ships and funding grants to further the growing Railroad network, these were done out of fear that Baker and the upcoming ADP Consul would try to role back the Federalist spending policies. Which they knew would lead to a bust of the economy Up till his last day in Office Burbank worked to strengthen the economy, and in his letter of advice to Baker he warned him about cutting into federal spending too much. On March 4, 1832 Alexander Baker was sworn in as the President of the Federal Republic of America and he appointed John Fitzgerald Kelly Mayor of New York City the new Consul of the Senate.

Presidential Election of 1831

Alexander Baker (ADP-PA) 53% of the Popular Vote
Martin Van Buren (FED-NY) 47% of the Popular Vote

Alexander Baker (ADP-PA) 4th President of the Federal Republic of America

Consul John Fitzgerald Kelly (ADP-NY)

The Baker administration would focus on rolling back many of the massive government spending programs that the Burbank Administration had put in place. Chief among them were the massive ship building and Vermont Defense subsidies. There were also major Railroad building and industrial subsidies put in place by president Burbank as well as a large Army expansion and Arsenal building program however at first Baker was hesitant to attack these. The Navy would be the first to feel the axe as as president Baker canceled 5 of the 8 Ships of the line, 12 of 24 steam frigates, and 10 of 30 steam Sloops that Burbank had ordered in his lame duck section. The next target was the Vermont Defense Fund that the FRA and CAS had paid into since the end of the New English Civil to aid in Vermont's maintaining of the Connecticut River Forts that were to serve as the Front line in any war between the American Block and the British Empire and its CRoNE lapdogs. Baker would cut the FRA contribution from 500,000 Federal Dollars to 250,000 Federal Dollars a year. This would upset the CAS and the Vermonters but Baker didn’t care. He had been elected on a platform of spending reform and he meant to deliver. These policies would play well with many voters as in 1832 they gave the American Democratic party control of the Senate.

1832 Senate Election

NY: 2 ADP, 1 FED
NJ: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Del: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Pen: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Erie: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Ohio : 1, ADP, 2 FED
Mississippi: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Total American Democratic Party 12 seats, Federalist Party 9 Seats Total of 21 seats

With his new majority in the Senate Baker and the American Democratic Party got bolder and decided to cut Federal Railroad and Industry subsidies that the Federalist had long had in place, to aid in the Republics growing industrial revolution. This couldn’t have come at a worse time for many of the FRA’s Railroads as they had built too much too fast and had allowed offered service to outpace demand in many cases. On July 1, 1836 the industrial and railroad subsidies were cut to almost nothing. This would result in the largest retraction of the Railroad industry ever seen in history (granted that this industry is just 15 years old at this point). By September a lot of FRA Railroads were starting to declare bankruptcy. The Statistics are shocking on June 30, 1836 the FRA had close to 75 established operating lines and 25 more seeking land grants to establish lines. By January 1, 1837 That number had reduced to just 15 operating lines and none seeking to build new right of ways. This Great Reduction as it became know meant more jobs were lost on top of those lost from the shipbuilding industry the previous two years. It was too much for the economy to handle and by March of 1837 the Federal Economy was firmly in a recession that not even their participation in the Mississippi War and the addition of the new Massive Missouri Territory could fix.
The Federal Republic of America in the 1830's Part II
October 2, 1835 would see the voters go the polls, to elect not only a new Senate but also to vote in the next presidential election, of course Baker would run on the American Democratic Party’s ticket. The Federalist would run Phillip Ames the Governor of the State of Mississippi. The Federalist would regain seats in the Senate, but the American Dems would maintain the Majority. And once again Baker would easily win the election painting his opponent as a frontier hick who wanted to sell the Republic out to the Muslim immigrants. While Ames centered his campaign on the Baker Administration’s mishandling of the economy. Baker would secure a second term despite the black clouds on the economic horizon. However, his victory was narrow with just a 2% margin of Victory in the vote.

1835 Presidential Election
Alexander Baker (ADP-PA) 51% of the Popular Vote
Phillip James Ames (FED-Del) 49% of the Popular Vote

1835 Senate Election
NY: 1 ADP, 2 FED
NJ: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Del: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Pen: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Erie: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Ohio: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Mississippi: 1 ADP, 2 FED
Total: American Democratic Party 11 seats, Federalist Party 10 Seats Total of 21 seats

Baker’s second administration would see the Republic’s economy slide completely into recession, in the mist of this the American Dem controlled Senate would pass the Citizenship Act of 1837 this act made all people who’s parents were not citizens of the Federal Republic of America residents of the Republic not citizens they would have a separate category on the 1840 census and would not be eligible to vote. These residents could earn citizenship by two methods, A) service in the Federal Army or Navy. Or B) passing a citizenship test administered by the new Department of Citizenship, and Immigration which was over seen by the State Department. These test were often made so difficult to pass that even native born citizens of the Republic could not pass them. This law and the local laws that sprang up after it was pass would become known as the Tom Turkey laws.

The immigration and citizenship legislation that the American Dems sought to make the defining issue of Baker’s second term never had a real chance to eclipse the state of the economy and how fast it was sinking. However aside from saying that eventually the market would stabilize and the economy would rebound, however as the months passed it became clearer and clearer that this was not going to happen in the near future and could possibly see the economy fall into a depression before it would sort it self out. And as the 1838 senate election drew closer it became clear that the American Democrats were going to lose the senate. October 2nd 1838 showed them just how badly the public’s view of the American Democratic Party had fallen the Federalist gained a 9 seat majority

1838 Senate Election
NY: 0 ADP, 3 FED
NJ: 0 ADP, 3 FED
Del: 0 ADP, 3 FED
Pen: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Erie: 0 ADP, 3 FED
Ohio: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Mississippi: 2 ADP, 1 FED
Total Seats: American Democratic Party 6 seats, Federalist Party 15 seats

The leader of this new Federalist mega majority was the youngest son of Alexander Hamilton 36-year-old George W. Hamilton. The young Hamilton and his fellow Federalist Senators were determined to rectify the Republic’s current economic distress. On December 1, 1838 they met with Consul Kelly and President Baker this meeting a formality before the new senate was sworn in come March of the next year. In this meeting Baker and Kelly asked the Federalist leadership what their legislative agenda come March would be and if they could work together to enact laws or as Baker put it “Will the time between March and October become the era of the Veto?” Baker expressed his undying belief that given time and the absence of government intervention the free market would regulate itself. For their part G.W. Hamilton and his federalist didn’t want to wait till after October possible March of 1840 to rectify the neglect of the military and they and Baker came to an agreement the Federalist agreed to limit their legislation aimed at the civilian market until after the election in exchanged for Baker and Kelly signing off on all military spending bills that the Federalist passed. This meeting would lead to the Defense Expansion Act of 1839 would be passed by the new Federalist dominated Senate on April 2, 1839, Baker would sign it on April 4, 1839. This act would be used to expand the arsenal and ammunition plants operated by the Ministry of Defense by 200%, by expanding the massive Arsenals at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and Fort McCoy Ohio (1), in addition to expanding the small armory at Chenango Point Ny into a full arsenal, and expanding the massive naval arsenal at Wilmington, Delaware. The Bill also provided funding to build two ammunition factories in each state. It also restored many of the canceled naval contracts from Baker’s first term with ships of new design and improved steam engines, and new heaver naval guns; and would also enlarge the Federal Army by four full Legions bring the total manpower of the Federal Army up 130,000 men with supporting personal. Lastly the bill set aside funding for the development and production for a new Rifle for the Federal Army as the Hall’s Rifle was no close to 20 years old and was falling behind the new Rifles introduced in Europe. The Senate would also pass the Railroad Relief Act which lifted Federal restrictions on the number of miles of track that one company could operate allowing for the surviving lines to begin to take over the failed and failing lines that now littered the Republic.

Lt. General McCoy and Quartermaster General Stephen W. Kearny would oversee the search for the weapons for the Federal Army. The Commonwealth Army would with the approval of Secretary Lee share their new rifle and its center fire brass cartridge designed by Isaac McKnight; while McCoy and Kearny were impressed by the cartridge and the rifles rate of fire they were concerned about the weight of the double-barreled rifle. The first option they looked at was the possibility of converting the old Halls to a Brass Cartridge, which Andrew Armstrong Custer the head designer at the Gettysburg Arsenal said could be done but only with a Rim fire cartridge, which was more prone to accidental discharge than a center fire cartridge. Custer recommended that they keep this option open for possible export market however. As the Commonwealth was not currently allowing the sail of their McKnight rifles to other nations (the FRA was a big exception). The search for a new Rifle would come down to rifles designed by two gunsmiths one by Samuel Colt who had partnered with McKnight briefly designing the revolving cylinder revolver before their designs and they themselves parted ways. And the other by Custer himself. Of the two Custer’s design was the simpler a rolling block rifle chambered to fire a single .50-70 caliber McKnight brass cartridge, Ge also presented a single barrel pistol and double-barrel pistol using his action and round. Colt presented his six shot Revolving pistol that fired his own .45 Colt brass cartridge and a Revolving Rifle that used a scaled-up version of the action from his revolving pistol that was chambered to fire McKnight’s .45-70 cartridge. There were benefits to both the Custer Rifle was cheaper, easier to manufacture, and easier to maintain, but offered only a slightly Higher rate of fire than the old Hall’s Rifle, however it had tons of more stopping power. The Colt Rifle was faster firing, its ammo could be exchanged with those of Commonwealth forces in the event of a war with Britain; however, it required more maintenance than the Custer Rifle and was more complex and expensive to produce. After a month of debate between the two generals and a represented of the Treasury it was decided to adopt the Custer Rifle re chambered to the .45-70 caliber round, and the colt revolving pistol as the main long and side arms of the Federal Army and the State Guards. They also allowed a limited run of the Custer single barrel and double barreled pistols also re chambered to the .45-70 round, as would a limited run of Colt’s Rifle in carbine as an optional weapon that troops can purchase on their own. Custer was also given the go ahead to produce a Rim fire version of the old Hall’s rifle and see if any of the other American Nations would be interested in buying it.

October 1839 would see the final election and one final drama take place before the 1830’s ended. Ever since the start of the Baker administration the American Democratic Party had been slowly splitting between the business men who wanted to see the Republic adopt a less interventionist and more free market stance, and the nativist who wanted to push for a hard line stance on immigration and as much religious favoritism toward Christians as they could get away with under the constitution. The collapse of the economy only served to deepen this divide as the Nativist wanted to ally with the Federalist and use government spending to shore up the economy.

In July when American Democratic Party Convention was held in Philadelphia the business leaders and their supporters would break with the party when Baker was chosen to seek a third term on a harsh immigration platform. They would from the new Whig Party this would see the already weakened American Democratic Party reduced by two thirds. This meant the the American Democratic Party’s platform now took a completely nativist turn. For his third term Alexander Baker would run on his proven Selective Citizenship Selective Immigration platform calling for quotas on how many people from certain areas of the world could immigrate to the Federal Republic of America, however with the business backers gone the nativist forced him to take on elements of interventionist economic into his platform, something the baker didn’t really believe in but there was no chance of the Whigs nominating him so he was stuck.

The new born Whigs Party would hold their Convention in Harrisburg, PA a city where businessmen were king and where the Republic’s Iron working was centered. They would Nominate Baker’s Secretary of the Treasury and New York merchant Isaac Roosevelt of New York. Roosevelt would run on continued easing of federal restrictions on Industry, so that the free market could work itself out of the current depression. Roosevelt would go so far as to want to privatize the Arms Industry and the Bank of America.

The Federalist Party would hold its convention in New York City inside the old Federal Hall the Republic’s former capital building. This Convention would center around debate between the parties to potential candidates Martin Van Buren who had run and lost against Baker in 1831 and the Governor of New York Phillip Hamilton the eldest son of Alexander Hamilton; in the end Martin Van Buren would win a second go at Baker on the twentieth ballot by just 50 votes. The Federalist would run on their tried and true platform of Defense, government backing and protection of the Republic’s industries, and a new plank for the platform guaranteed citizenship for all residents of the Federal Republic of America.

October 2,1839 would see the voters reject the American Democratic Party’s new platform and Baker however the dramatic year of 1839 was set to continue when the election came down to just one 1% of the Vote with Martian van Buren carrying 43% of the vote, Roosevelt carrying 42% of the vote and Baker carrying 15% of the vote. However close it was van Buren was finally on his way to the Executive Wing of the Federal Palace in Hamilton City. And Baker was a lame duck after just two terms.

Presidential Election of 1839
Martian van Buren (FED-NY) 43% of the vote
Isaac Roosevelt (Whig-NY) 42% of the Vote
Alexander Baker (ADP-PA) 15% of the Vote

President Elect Martian van Buren (FED-NY) 43% of the vote

Bakers cabinet
Secretary of State: Richard Falley Cleveland (ADP-Pa)
Secretary of War: Shamus Blaine (ADP-Pa)
The Secretary of the Treasury: Isaac Roosevelt (ADP-Ny)
The Consul of the Senate: John Fitzgerald Kelly (ADP-Ny)

The Federal army Order of Battle as of 1840

Commanding General of the Federal Army Lt. General James L. McCoy

1st Army: 30,000 men (25,000 Infantry 5,000 Cavalry, 30 field guns, 6 Horse Guns
Based in New York City, New York
Commanded by Major General Alexander Hamilton Jr.

1st Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Horace Bettas
1st Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
2nd Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
1st Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Gun

2nd Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Christopher Williams
3rd Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
4th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
2nd Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Guns

3rd Legion 5,000 Infantry, 5,000 Cavalry, 6 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns
Commanded by Major General George Lloyd
5th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
6th Cavalry Brigade 5,000 Cavalry
3rd Legion Artillery Brigade 6 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns

2nd Army: 30,000 men (25,000 Infantry 5,000 Cavalry, 30 field guns, 6 Horse Guns
Based in Buffalo Ny
Commanded by Major General Henry Jackson Knox

4th Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Horace Bettas
7th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
8th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
4th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Gun

5th Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Ernest Pyle
9th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
10th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
5th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Guns

6th Legion 5,000 Infantry, 5,000 Cavalry, 6 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns
Commanded by Ernest Mountback
11th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
2nd Cavalry Brigade 5,000 Cavalry
6th Legion Artillery Brigade 6 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns

3rd Army: 30,000 men (25,000 Infantry 5,000 Cavalry, 36 field guns, 6 Horse Guns)
Based in Toledo, Erie
Commanded by Major General John Richards Sherman

7th Legion 10,000 Infantry 24 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Alexander Pittman
12th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
18th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
1st Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Gun
1st Independent Artillery Brigade 12 Field Guns

9th Legion 10,000 men (5,000 Infantry, 5,000 Cavalry, 12 field guns, 6 horse guns
Commanded by Major General Rosco Coldtrain
15th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
1st Independent Cavalry Brigade 5,000 Dragoons 6 horse Guns
Commanded by Brigadier General Richard Howard
9th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 field guns, 6 Horse Guns

10th Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field guns
Commanded by Major General Gunman Alexander
16h Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
17th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
10th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Gun

4th Army: 30000 men (25,000 Infantry 5,000 Cavalry, field guns, 6 Horse Guns)
Based in Federal Port, Mississippi
Commanded by Major General Washington Wilson

8th Legion 10,000 Infantry 24 Field guns
Commanded by Major General John Arbuckle
13th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
14th Infantry Brigade 5,000 Infantry
8th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Gun
2nd Independent Artillery Brigade 12 Field Guns

11th Legion 10,000 Infantry 12 Field Guns
Commanded by Major General Archibald Buckner
18th Infantry Brigade 5,000 men
19th Infantry Brigade 5,000 men
11th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 field guns

12th Legion 10,000 men (5,000 Infantry and 5,000 Cavalry) 12 Field guns 6 Horse Gun
Commanded by Major General Keith Grans
20th Infantry Brigade 5,000 men
3rd Cavalry Brigade 5,000 men
12th Legion Artillery Brigade 12 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns

State guards
New York State Guards 45,000 men (30,000 Infantry 15,000 Dragoons, 18 Field guns, 18 Horse Guns)

New Jersey State Guards 45,000 men (40,000 Infantry 5,000 Dragoons, 30 Field guns, 6 Horse Guns)

Pennsylvania State Guards 45,000 men (20,000 Infantry 25,000 Dragoons, 12 Field guns, 24 Horse Guns)

Delaware State Guards 25,000 men (20,000 Infantry 5,000 Dragoons, 18 Field Guns, 6 Horse Guns)

Erie State Guards 45,000 men (20,000 Infantry 25,000 Dragoons, 12 Field guns, 24 Horse Guns)

Ohio State Guards 30,000 Men (15,000 Infantry, 15,000 Dragoons 12 Field Guns 12 Horse Guns)

Mississippi State Guards 20,000 men (20,000 Dragoons 18 Horse Guns)

(1) OTL Indianapolis
(2) Alexander Hamilton's first Phillip Hamilton doesn't die in this time line.

I have already brought the Steamboat and the Cotton Gin into this time line but I can differently do an update in the future. As Far as the Telegraph and Electricity go I haven't brought into this timeline, yet but they are coming up quick. most likely in in the next decade. Thank you for the input, I'm really glad you responded.
Crown Republic of New England in the 1830's
The Crown Republic of New England in the 1830’s

On June 21, 1830 New English Prime Minister William King would officially welcome the new State of New Brunswick into the Crown Republic of New England; with it would come five new seats added to the House of Commons. These five seats would be split 3 Tory and 2 Whig adding to the mega majority that Prime Minister William King had created by bringing the Whigs into the Government. King would continue to use his super majority to ram though a mixed Tory and Whig agenda. These bills included the 1834 Defense bill that raised the New English Royal Army from a standing force of 50,000 to a standing force of 75,000 enlisted men. The navy would receive funding to maintain it current fleet and funding to build 4 Frigates and 18 Sloops to add to the fleet. Lastly the 1834 Defense bill provided for the adoption of a new longarm for the Royal New English Army and Navy. The leaders of New England had heard rumors of the CAS and FRA adopting new rifles; and Marshall Thomas Childs was not about to get caught fighting with out of date smoothbore muskets in the event of War with the Southern Republics if he had anything to say about it. That said London had done their best to handicap their loyal American brothers by requiring them to use the same ammunition as the rest of His Majesty’s Armed Forces. So the 1834 Defense bill had allowed for the continued production of limited amounts of the ammunition for the calibers used by the rest of His Majesty’s Armed Froces in addition to the production of ammunition for their new rifle. The Rifle that the New English had chosen was a Falling block breech loading cap lock rifle that fired .52 caliber bullets in a paper cartridge designed by Richard Stephens Sharps. Production of the Sharps rifle would begin in July 1835 at the massive Royal Armory at Springfield Massachusetts and would be officially known as the 1834 Springfield-Sharps Rifle.


New England wasn’t behind in the development of the em merging Railroad industry. However like some of the state in the Commonwealth of American States The Crown Republic of New England chose to have a centralized authority oversee the Railroad industry for New England this would take the from of the Royal Railroad Commission. The Royal Railroad Commission The RRC would oversee the construction and operation of all Railroad lines in the Crown Republic of New England, and ensure that they were up to the Standards established by the Parliament. The RRC also had the authority to examine the financial records of any line operating with the Crown Republic. The Creation of the Royal Railroad Commission made the Crown Republic of New England the most regulated railroad industry in the world, it also gave it the most reliable and standardized railroads in the world for the next Fifty years.

Politically Prime Minister William King’s Tory-Whig super majority Government would end the 1830’s much the same as it started the decade large and in charge, Gaining seats though out the decade forcing the Republican Party into a single digit minority of just 8 seats by 1840. To the average European looking at North America at the end of the 1830’s it was a toss up as to who was the most successful of the American Republics the Expanding Commonwealth of American States or the highly centralized Crown Republic of New England who had surpassed the Federal Republic of America as the most centralized of the Republics.