God Save These American States

Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: Before 1900' started by Confederate Liberal, Feb 11, 2016.

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  1. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: The Libyan Campaign.

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Italian, Tunisia

    Marshal Giuseppe di Buonaparte was encamped with Army of Tunisia just to the east of the town of Bengardane, he had moved the bulk of this forces toward the border with Libya as soon as he had learned of the ultimatum his brother had sent to the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. December 5, 1814 Giuseppe receives word from Napoleon that war has been declared on the Ottoman Empire. Giuseppe orders the 52,000 men (45,000 infantry, 7,000 cavalry) supported by 36 field guns. strong Army of Tunisia to march at dawn on December 6, 1814.

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    Marshal Giuseppe di Buonaparte

    The Italians advanced eastwards along the coast. They cross the border at the town of Ras Ajdir. The town is fortified but they Ottoman Defenders hadn’t received word that that war was declared and the Italians are able to take the fortification without a fight; however, some do escape and flee east. Regardless the Giuseppe leaves a small detachment to hold the captured forts and then had his army marching once more, at dawn on December 7, 1814.


    On December 8th, The ottoman governor and military commander Yusuf Karamanli lead the bulk of the Ottoman forces out of Tripol to meet the Italians west of the city. Karamanli’s army was 48,500 men (40,000 Infantry 8,500 cavalry) supported by 18 field guns

    The two armies would meet the next day December 9, 1814 at the city of Sabratha. There in the shadows of the ancient Roman Ruins the two armies clashed. The battle began around 11:30am when the first elements of both armies ran into each other. While the battle was far from one sided however Giuseppe Bonaparte was a much better commander than Karamanli, It was close to 3:00 Pm when the Italians turned the Turk’s right flank. This resulted in the Turkish position unwinding. Karamanli was able to use his cavalry to halt the Italian advance long enough for him to reform his line. However, he knew that the day was going against him and began to slowly with draw though a series of skillful wheeling movements. The battle left the Italians too exhausted to peruse and Bonaparte allowed the Turks to with draw and started to tend to his wounded. The battle bloodied both sides, the Italians lost 1,100 men killed and 1,800 men wounded; while the Turks lost 2,000 men killed, 1,900 wounded, and 3,000 missing, and had lost 10 of their 18 field guns. Karamanli will pull his forces back to the city of Tripoli uniting his battered force with the 15,000-man garrison inside the city. This would set the stage for the battle of Tripoli.
     
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  2. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: The Libyan Campaign: The Battle of Tripoli

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    The Battle of Tripoli

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    The Battle of Sabratha had left the Italian Army completely exhausted and unorganized, Giuseppe Bonaparte had no choice but to allow his men a some down He would rest and reorganize his army over the next three days. It was during this rest period that a reinforcement column commanded by Brigadier General Jean Lannes. This column consisted of 8,000 infantry, and 2,000 cavalry supported by 18 field guns in three batteries. In Tripoli Yusuf Karamanli’s force was in worse than the Italians and he now had to make a hard choice his army was smaller than the Italians and had proven incapable of defeating them in open battle. So he had two options he could a hold up in Tripoli behind the cities defenses and bleed the Italians before his force was over whelmed or he could abandon the city and march east in the hope of reaching Reinforcements from eastern Libya or Egypt. Looking back the second one would have been the better option but Karamanli was honor bound to try and hold the capital of his province, So he had his men entrench and rest around the city.

    The Italian Army would arrive in front of Tripoli at 1 pm on December 13, 1814 there they found the Turks entrenched with in the city’s defenses Giuseppe deployed his 52,000 men in a Giant C around the city of Tunis, he was also forced to break up his artillery to support this entire line, this lack of concentration would make the battle drag out days longer than need be. He held his 8,000 cavalry back hoping to be able to exploit any break though that may happen. Inside the defenses 50,000 infantry and 6,600 dismounted cavalry manned the fortresses and the earth works supporting each fort.

    Giuseppe would begin his bombardment at dawn on December 14, 1814 His field artillery would be joined by the guns for the 3rd Fleet consisting of 3 ships of the line 10 frigates and 14 sloops and 11 brigs. The arrival of the navy inspired Giuseppe to change his plan of battle he dismounted his cavalry and placed them in the center of this line moving his infantry brigades toward the Coastal fort on the western flank of the Turkish lines. On January 14, 1815 after a month of bombardment Giuseppe would launch a full assault on the two forts that anchored the Turkish lines on the east and western flanks. The assault would begin at dawn on the 14th and would last until dark on the 18th. This four day long running battle would two flanking forts fall by noon on the 15th, then the Turkish launch a counter attack on the Italian forces now holding the ruins of the two coastal fortresses; this would be unsuccessful after which the Turkish forces not inside their remaining three forts fall back into the city. The 16th and 17th would see the Italians reduce and take the now isolated fortresses on the out skirts of the city. As January 18, 1815 dawned the exhausted Italian troops prepared to begin the final phase of the battle the assault on the Turkish forces held up in the city of Tripoli itself. However this final assault would not be needed. At 6:45am on January 18, 1815 Karamanli sent a messenger under white flag to ask for terms of surrender. January 19, 1815 Karamanli and his men begin marching under guard back to a prisoner of war camp in Tunisia. The battle of Tripoli was over in an Italian victory.
     
  3. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Casualties of the battle of Tripoli
    Italian: 1900 killed 3500 wounded 1800 missing

    Turkish: 1600 killed, 2700 wounded, 5000 missing 31500 captured
     
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  4. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: The Libyan Campaign: The Benghazi Campaign

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Following the capture of Tripoli Giuseppe Bonaparte would spend the rest of January and February securing the rest of Tripolitania, and the southwestern province of Libya Fezzan by capturing the Fortress of Murzuk on February 7, 1815. However it was not until March when the Italians were ready to march out of Tripoli.

    This would happen at Dawn on March 8, 1815 when Giuseppe Bonaparte and his reinforced Army of 58,000 men heading east along the coastal road. They left behind them a 10,000 man garrison under the command of Girolamo Buonaparte the youngest Bonaparte brother.This march would take 14 days with Giuseppe’s Army not arriving at the outskirts of Benghazi until late on March 15, 1815. They would find the city heavily fortified; still Giuseppe believed that he could pull off a repeat of this victory at Tripoli.. During the night he organized his army so that the bulk of this forces were arranged on the flanks of the Benghazi. The Dawn on March 16, 1815 brought with it a thunderous artillery bombardment. This would last till 10 o'clock when it would be followed two simultaneous infantry attacks. The attack would last for five hours before the Italians were beaten back The First battle of Benghazi cost the Italians 2,000 men killed, 5,000 men wounded and 1,500 men missing in action. The Turkish Garrison would lose 1,000 men killed 2,000 men wounded and 1,800 men missing in action. Defeated Giuseppe decided to begin a siege of the city.The Italians would be further disheartened on March 18, 1815 when the Turkish Fleet sailed into Benghazi and landed an additional 35,000 Turkish troops inside the city. Bringing the number of Turkish troops inside the city up to 75,000 men. At the same time in Sicily another 38,000 man army is being assembled under the command of General Remo Carnaghi. This force would arrive in the Benghazi area reinforcing Giuseppe’s Army bringing it up to just under 80,000 men. With both sides numbers too close for an assault to be effective the Italians settled down in their ever increasing earth works for a siege of the city.

    The Turkish Navy may have managed to avoid the Imperial Italian Navy as it sailed from Tartus to Benghazi, however it would not be as lucky as they passed by the Island of Gavdos. This small Byzantine Island would lend its name to the biggest naval battle of the War. At 10 am on March 20, 1815 The Turkish fleet consisting of 5 first rate ships of the line 10 Frigates and 20 sloops was attacked by and Italian Fleet of 6 first rate ships of the line, 10 second rate ships of the line 18 frigates, and 35 sloops. After 8 hours of combat the Turkish ships were either sunk, on fire or captured. March 20th would go down as the day that the Ottoman Imperial Navy died.


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    Battle of Gavdos March 20, 1815

    The Battle of Gavdos opened the door for Napoleon's true plan to begin.
     
    Last edited: Jan 30, 2019
  5. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: The Palestine Campaign I

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Napoleon's Invasion of the Holy Land

    On December 15,1815 The Italian Navy appears off of the port of Acer in Palestine. Napoleon landed his army of 96,000 men to the south of the city at the mouth of the Belus (Na'aman) River. Napoleon took the port city easily its small 1,000 man garrison choosing to surrender to the much larger Italian Army. Napoleon moved quickly Leaving 10,000 men in Acer to secure his port of supply. On December 16, 1815 he attacked and conquered the City of Haifa. Napoleon now split his force in half he would take 50,000 men and march south where he would take City of Jaffa and the march on Jerusalem. Meanwhile General Achille Fontanelli would take the remaining 30,000 men to secure and hold the Jezreel Valley, from an expected Turkish attack from the North.


    Napoleon, marched South and on December 20,1815 engaged the Ottoman garrion in the city of Jaffa. The 5,000 man garrison was easily defeated. The next morning he was greeted by the sight of ships entering the Harbor flying the Italian flags. This fleet landed the Papal Army a force of 25,000 men assembled from the city of Rome or collected from across Europe mercenaries who thought a modern crusade would be fun. The Papal army was commanded by General Joaquín Blake an spanish exile who had fled to Rome following the collapse of the Kingdom of Spain. This force is part of the secret clause of the Treaty of Rome between Napoleon and the Papal states. On December 22, 1815 both armies set off marching east by southeast toward Jerusalem.



    The Two armies would arrive outside the city walls of Jerusalem On December 24, 1816. Ther waiting for them was the an Ottoman Garrison of 15,000 infantry, 6,800 cavalry and 28 cannon of varying quality. The Battle of Jerusalem would begin at 11pm that day. The Turkish forces fought desperately to hold off Napoleon’s superior forces but by 3 pm that evening the Turkish were broken The bulk of the infantry and artillery would surrender while the cavalry routed retreating to the South. At 5pm on Christmas Eve Napoleon led his triumphant army into the city of Jerusalem. For the first time since 1187 the Holy City was under Christian control. Napoleon along will his commanders took Christmas mass in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

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    The battle of Jerusalem

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    The Ottoman Response


    The Ottomans had not taken the the news of Napoleon’s Invasion of the Holy land laying down. The Turkish Governor of Damascus Laz Aziz Ahmed Pasha learned about the fall of Acer on December 18th. He had Ordered the troops under his command to begin to to concentrate at Damascus. By December 31, 1816 he had gathered together a force of 75,000 men supported by 36 field guns. On that day he received word that Napoleon had defeated the garrison in Jerusalem and captured the city. His scouts informed him that the Italians had split into two columns one remained in the Acer area while the other was with Napoleon in Jerusalem. The next morning Ahmed Pasha would have his army on the march. He aimed to isolate the northern Italian force and destroy it then move on Napoleon’s main force, destroying the Italian forces in detail.


    January 4, 1816 General General Achille Fontanelli and his Northern Wing of the Italian Army met the Turkish Army of Damascus on the field of battle in the Shadow of Mount Tur’an. The Battle of Tur’an would see 30,000 Italians (26,000 Inf 4,000 cavalry ) supported by 28 field guns try and defend the Tur’an valley against 75,000 Turkish troops (60,000 Infantry and 15,000 cavalry) supported by 36 field guns. The Italians were out numbered more than 2 to 1 in every thing but artillery, and in this area they had the advantage as Italian artillery was modern artillery pieces opposed to the Turkish mixed matched artillery pieces. Fontanelli knew that his job was to delay and keep his force from being destroyed. The Battle of Tur’an lasted from 9 am to 6 pm when dusk fell the Italians fell back towards the South. They would make it to Nazareth before they found out that they’re path was blocked by 15,000 Turkish cavalry occupying The Italians form a defensive formation and waited for Napoleon to come to their rescue. The battle of Tur’an cost the Italians 1,000 killed, 1,500 wounded; and the Turkish 2,000 killed 2,900 wounded.




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    General Achille Fontanelli
     
    Last edited: Feb 12, 2019
  6. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    So I wasn't happy with the last chapter and saw how many mistakes I had left in it when I posted it so I have rewrote it and added some more pictures.
     
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  7. Threadmarks: The Mederanian Christmas 1815

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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  8. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: The Palestine Campaign II

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Word reached Napoleon in Jerusalem on January 9, 1816 when a group of Italian Cavalry troopers that escaped the Nazareth Pocket arrived at the city., He immediately set about planning his next move. His planning would not take long, on January 12, 1816 he lead an Army of 60,000 men out of the city heading north; behind him he left 15,000 men ( 12,000 Papal troops, 3,000 Italian ) under General Joaquín Blake ‘s command to hold the city.

    Napoleon further divided his force even further he sent 25,000 men under General Vito Nunziante march due North arriving at the Crossroads town of Megido on January 14th. Napoleon then takes the remaining 35,000 men North though the Jordan Valley he arrives at the town of Tiberias also on March 14th. The next day the Battle of Nazareth begins when Nunziante’s Army attacks the Turkish troops encircling the Town at dawn. Followed shortly after by Fontanelli’s force which attacks to the south to attempt to link up with Nunziante’s Force. The Turks still have the numbers and quickly manage to redeploy The lines now run northeast to southwest; by 10am the Turks had started to push the Italians back towards the southwest.

    It was at this critical moment that Napoleon appeared with his 35,000 men attacking the Turkish Northwestern flank. Caught off guard the Turkish flank unravels and Napoleon happily watches his men start to roll the Turkish line up. By 2pm the Turkish army is in fully retreat however large parts of it are killed wounded or captured. The Turkish army will rally in the town of Tiberias on the sea of Galilee the same town that Napoleon had occupied just the day before. But the damage is done the Turkish Army is reduced to a force of just 35,000 men losing 40,000 men killed wounded, captured or just simply missing. The Battle of Nazareth became Napoleon’s greatest victory and effectively secured Palestine for him. At dawn on January 16,1816 The Turkish troops would march back to Damascus.
     
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  9. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: Ripples in the pond effects of the Battle of Nazareth :I

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    The Egyptian Revolution.


    The Battle of Nazareth will have major consequences the first of these was the Egyptian Revolution or rebellion depending on who’s history you are reading. Egypt had been a semi autonomous part of the Ottoman Empire for quite a while indeed the Mamluk lords had more say over the governing of the province than the Sultan far away in Anatolia. Since the start of the war the British in the form of the East India Company had been in Cairo nudging the Brey’s to declare Egypt independent of the Ottoman Empire promising the support of the British Empire should Egypt with financial assistance they need in regaining their independence.


    Following the loss of much of Libya, and the Holy land to the Italians and then the complete defeat of the Ottoman Army tasked with retaking the holy land for the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Nazareth Ibrahim Bey and his brother Murad Bey the rulers of Ottoman Egypt weigh their options and decided that it is better for Egypt to swim on its own rather than drown tied to a sinking corpse. On February 1, 1816 the Sultanate of Egypt declared its Independence from the Ottoman Empire. Ibrahim Bey is crowned the Sultan of Egypt while Murad become Grand Vizzar The ottoman officials who would not swear allegiance to the new state were quickly killed. The British Government would recognize Egypt’s Independence on February 7, 1816. Italy would also recognize Egyptian Independence on February 14, 1816 that same day they signed the Treaty of Cairo established the borders between the two nations.


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    Ibrahim Bey

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    Murad Bey
     
  10. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    Good update, though why does Ibrahim’s right eye look as it does?
     
  11. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Honestly I don't know. I'm not a hundred percent sure that's really his picture. All I did was Google search him.
     
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  12. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    Oh okay.
     
  13. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    My research on egypt was curtailed by school work and work work. But it could juat be what ever he is smoking in the pipe lol.
     
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  14. Threadmarks: 1816 flag of egypt..

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    [​IMG]
    Flag of the Sultanate of Egypt. 1816
     
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  15. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    Okay.
     
  16. Threadmarks: The Italian-Turkish War: Ripples in the pond effects of the Battle of Nazareth :II

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    The French Invasion of Algeria
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    Following the Battle of Nazareth Louis XVI’s government in Paris decided that it was time to get its piece of the crumbling empire. On February 21, 1816 A french fleet would land 130,000 troops along the coast of Algiers seizing the major cities of the province. France would announce its annexation of Algeria on March 21, 1816 naming General Jean Bernadotte as its military Governor. This action angered Napoleon when he learned of it and for a brief time he thought about declaring war on France but with the bulk of his military already engaged on the opposite end of the Mediterranean Sea he decided to go along with it for now at least. On May 7, 1816 France and the Italian Empire signed the Treaty of Rome mediated by the Pope this treaty recognized the Eastern Mediterranean Seas is Italy’s Sphere of Influence and the Western Mediterranean with the Italian Balearic Islands being an exception.

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    General Jean Bernadotte
     
  17. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    Will the Kingdom of France expand further into Africa?
     
  18. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Yes France will have a large colonial empire in Africa the idea is that France and Britain are going to be locked in a Colonial Race for much of the 19th Century, Britain will be preoccupied with the western hemisphere as it staves off the FRA and CAS trying to chip away at its holdings there giving France an advantage in Africa. The FRA and CSA will be poking around the dark continent as well.
     
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  19. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    The Scramble for Africa begins early, eh? Also goes the begins of the Industrial Revolution going?
     
  20. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Its still a ways off before the major rush begins look for it in the 1850;s or 1860's to start. currently the Dutch have the Cape Colony (no Napoleonic Wars means the Brits haven't been able to take it from them) Portugal has its colonies in Angola and Mozambique and the CAS has a couple colonies in western Africa.

    Asia will be the seen for the next major colonial confrontation as Britain and her allies the Netherlands force fight TTL's Opium war with china and japan chaif's under its unequal treaty with France (see the least France Update before the Italian Turkish war started)
     
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