God Save These American States

Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: Before 1900' started by Confederate Liberal, Feb 11, 2016.

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  1. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    @Dante your right Post Civil War New England is the at least severely disliked and worst hated. The fact that as we will see the CRNE develope it will start to see it's destiny as being the country to reunite North America under it's version of the Union Flag and the good King of England. This will cause the British a headache every now and then as New England also will come to covet British North America.
     
  2. Threadmarks: The British Empire 1810-1820

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Britain
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    King George IV Queen Frederica Louise Wilhelmina Orange-Nassau
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    Following the turbulent first decade Britain looked forward to the second decade of the 19th Century for some piece and quite as it worked on expanding its empire in India, and growing the population of British North America.

    The Colonization of British North America:

    The prison colony act of 1809 had established the settlement of George Town on Green Bay at the mouth of the Fox River emptied into Green Bay of Lake Michigan. By the end of 1819 George Town on Green Bay would be the largest settlement in the Western half of the Michigan Territory with a population of just under 65,000 men women and children. It was during this period that the British started to exploit the vast Iron Deposits of the Superior Peninsular. In 1820 the city would change its name from George Town on Greek Bay to just Green Bay. The Act also embellished a second Penal Colony of Red Rock (otl Des Moines) in Missouri Territory on the Red Stone River. Red Rock was a rough and tumble place that lacked the resources that allowed Green Bay to thrive. The town would hold on and by 1820 the original 1,500 settlers had expanded to just under 16,000 men women and children.

    The North American Settlement Act was passed in 1810. This act opened up British Upper Canada, Michigan and Missouri to homesteading for any people as long as the settled on an improved the land. The British admitted that they had stolen the concept form a similar law that the French had put in place in their New Aquitaine colony in South America. Both of these would have their desired effect by the 1830 Census British North America had reached at total population of 3,175,560 people not counting the Crown Republic of New England. Of these people 595,399 lived in Lower Canada, 996,856 lived in the Michigan Territory, 496,550 lived in Upper Canada, 277,000 in Nova Scotia, 194,000 in New Brunswick and 62,000 in Prince Edward Island, and 553,755 people living in the Missouri Territory.

    The 1810’s would see Britain welcome New England back into the Empire as the Crown Republic of New England with the signing of the Treaty of Reunion on August 21, 1818. For King George IV this seem to justify his father claim that the Colonies would come back and while he held little hope that the others would return to the empire at least some of them had.

    Lastly in 1819 the Parliament approved the Caribbean defense acts; these acts provided money to enlarge the number of ships kept in the Caribbean Station, up to 18 ships of the line and supporting frigates, and smaller ships. It also provided money to improve the port facilities at Kingston Jamaica and English Harbor on Antigua as well as their defenses. These actions were taken in response to the Commonwealth of American States Invasion and annexation of the Island of Hispaniola. The acts would also create a garrison of Island Puerto Rico which became a British protectorate following the fall of the Kingdom of Cuba and Hispaniola

    Australia

    There was a consequence to Britain’s focus on the American Colonies this was the halt of the settlement of Australia. In 1810 Britain had two colonies on Australia New Hanover in Western Australia and Kingsland colony in the Southeast of the small continent. The lack of apparent British interest in the two small colonies the very populous Irish settlement on New South Ireland would begin to encroach upon British Australia establishing an Irish Settlement on the Island of Tasmania on June 7, 1815.

    Closer to Home

    George IV had to admit that his son would make a fine king one day, the boy was well educated and took to books in a way he never had. The prince was well liked by the people and took to politics like a fish to water. The prince would spend every free either in the halls of Parliament or in his father’s office learning every details of the inner workings of government. George’s problem was that this was his second son Richard the Duke of York. Not his eldest, the Prince of Wales.

    Henry Prince of Wales was a mixed bag to George IV. He was proud of the military prowess that his eldest had. Henry it was said was Lionheart reborn. He had entered army at the age of 15 and now had actually earned the rank of Brigadier General by his own merits. However, while the Henry was excelling in his military career with the Army he had yet to show any interest in learning how to be king when the time came. In Truth Henry had absolutely no taste for politics, court life or becoming king and the bothers often shared how they wished they could switch places.

    On March 20, 1816 Henry would marry Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. This match was viewed as a way to ease the tensions between Imperial Russia and Great Britain who was starting to view Russia as one more competitor in the Race for Asia, and a threat to East India Company’s rule in Northwestern India. The Anna fell in love with the dashing English Prince and at least at the start the marriage was a happy and on May 7, 1817 Anna would give birth to a healthy baby girl who was named Eleanor Augusta Duchess of Cambridge. Who would be followed by her sister Anna Elizabeth Duchess of Sussex born two years later on November 12, 1819. That year would also see Prince Richard the Duke of York marry Princess Sophie of Sweden on October 10, 1819.

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    Henry Prince of Wales


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    Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia bride to Henry Prince of Wales

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    Prince Richard Duke of York

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    Princes Sofia of Sweden Wife to Prince Richard Duke of York

     
    Last edited: Dec 21, 2018
  3. Threadmarks: France 1810-1820

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    June 12, 1800 in an odd occurrence for European Royalty at this time Louis Joseph Xavier François de France (1) the Dauphin of France would marry his long time friend and companion Maria Luisa the Daughter of the deposed Charles IV of Spain who had been living in Paris since the Spanish monarchy fell. Louis and Maria had be come friends since she along with her mother and sisters fled to Paris from Madrid. This marriage would see the Bourbon dynasty welcome a new generation into the family, as Maria would give birth to the couples first born a son named Charles Louis on October 9, 1803, then their second son Francis Xavier on July 30,1805, followed by three princesses Christine Marie on June 12, 1807, Lorraine Delisle born on December 20, 1810, and Marie Alyssa born on January 12, 1812, and lastly a son Henri Louis born on September 21, 1815.


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    Maria Luisa with her first two children Charles Louis and Francis Xavier

    For France the decade of the 1810’s would be a the decade that it remerged from the financial, military, and governmental reforms that had undergone during the 1790’s and the first decade of the 1800’s. The French India Company would challenged its British and Dutch counter parts as all three sought to control as much of India as possible. This would end up with the French Controlling the South Eastern area of India, the British the Western parts of India and the Dutch the North Eastern and Bengal areas. In 1816 France would play a small part in the Italian-Turkish War by occupying Algiers,(2) This would be followed by a full annexation of Algiers into France’s ever growing colonial Empire, On July 7, 1818 after two years of occupation.

    France’s major colonial project during the 1810’s and 1820’s too for that matter was the settlement of its New Aquitaine Colony which it had gained following the fall of the Spanish Empire. France would start this process in 1809 with the Colonial Land Act. This act opened up all unimproved or abandoned land to homesteading for free as long as they lived on and improved the land. This would see a flood of second, third and fourth sons from across the spectrum of the French Society (3) move to the Rio del Plata basin, bringing the French population up to 250,000 by the 1820 census.

    During the Restuctering time France had kept a low key in the colonial areas of the world; yet its big success during that time was its alliance with the new Rattanakosin Kingdom and its King Rama II. In exchange for trading treaties the French had helped Rama II modernize the Rattanan Army with modern European weapons even training gun and cannon makers for the new Bangkok Arsenal that Rama II founded. With the help of the French Rama II would go on to conquer Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. The Rattanakosin Kingdom would annex Laos, and Cambodia while France would install a puppet state in Vietnam. Rama II would use these victories to establish the Siamese Empire on June 17, 1812. The man who had engineered all of this was Admiral Maximilien Delorme.

    By 1814 Delorme was ready for his next feet. On October 21, 1815 Admiral Maximilien Delorme would sail his squadron of 16 ships into Tokyo Bay and convince the Japanese Shogunate Government to sign the Rosebud Treaty officially opening up Japan to trade with France and France alone. Under the treaty Japan was only to allow French merchants into the country; Japan was not make any deals with any other nations without the consent of the commander of the French mission in Japan. The French would be allowed to station a garrison of up to 40,000 men in Japan and the French were given the Tateyama and the peninsular south of the city as a French colony. The Rosebud Treaty would be a source of ill feelings between the Japanese and their new French Masters for decades to come.

    The biggest thing to happen to France in the 1810’s occurred on June 12, 1818 King Louis XVI suffered a heart attack and died, the old king was 64 years old and had successfully led France on the journey from absolute monarchy to a Constitutional Monarchy. The Dauphin would King from his father as the court officials proclaimed "Le Roi est mort, vive le Roi" (the king is dead, long live the king) but would not be crowned for three months as perpetrations were made. On September 21, 1818 in the Notre-Dame de Reims Louis Joseph Xavier François de France would be crowned by the Grace of God and by the constitutional law of the State, King of France and of Navarre, Most Christian Majesty King Louis XVII at the same time beside Louis Maria was crowned Queen of France, and Charles Louis became the new Dauphin.

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    Louis XVII at his coronation at Reims

    As the 1810’s came to an end the Kingdom of France was back on the world stage and it old rivalry with Britain was stirring once more. France now had a young king and both he and the French people were ready to show the British that France was still a great power.
     
  4. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    (1) TTL he doesn't die in 1789. His younger brother OTL Louis XVII is also still alive.
    (2) This is the big event for Europe it will be covered in the Italy chapter.
    (3) No French Revolution means no changes to the inherence laws means French don't stop having large families means France population won't stagnant like OTL.
     
  5. Alpha-King98760 Aku's most favorite assassin, babe!

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    Vive la France! Viva La Roi!
     
  6. Threadmarks: Russia 1800-1820

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Russia between 1800 and 1820 centered around the whims of one man; Pavel Petrovich Romanov know to the rest of the world as Tsar Paul I. Paul I was a man who was always trying to climb out of his mother’s shadow, and escape his children’s claws. This one statement can sum up the entire reign of Paul and the fate of Russia under his reign.

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    Tsar Paul I of Russia (Paul the Mad)

    Paul’s reign began on October 12, 1794. One of his first acts as Tsar was to pass the Pauline Laws making it so that the throne could henceforth pass to a female and through the female (cognatic) line of the dynasty, upon the extinction of all legitimately-born, male dynasts. Paul would spend the next decade reorganizing the empire so that it fit into the world of knightly orders that he lived in inside his head. This finally got to be too much and on May 12, 1808 a group of military officers and nobles led by the Tsarevich Alexander attempted to kill the Tsar in his bed. However, the paranoid Paul was able escape the coup. Enraged at the betrayal of his own blood and frightened by memories of the mother’s overthrow of his father Peter III Paul had all of the conspirators executed in the middle of St. Petersburg. Paul then went on to purge the royal court of all “dissident elements" including his second son the Grand Duke Nicholas. Making his fourth son Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich the new Tsarevich. However Paul’s mental health would continue to decline over the next two years he would launch a series of purges of the Russian military, and population. The Low point came on May 7, 1810 when Paul ordered the exile of close to 150,000 people to Russian America for thoughts of treason to the crown. Even for the loyal Russian people this was too much and riots broke out across the empire. Faced with possible revolution the Tsar’s half-brother General-Major, Count Aleksey Grigorievich Bobrinsky (Catherine's bastard son) gathered loyal officers and soldiers to him on April 17, 1810. He and about 5,000 guards marched on the St. Michael’s Castle and arrested Paul declaring him no longer mentally fit to carry out his duties as Tsar. In chains and under guard Paul abdicated in favor of his young son Michael, and Paul’s half-brother Count Aleksey Grigorievich Bobrinsky who would act as regent until his young Nephew came of age. Young Michael was Crowned Tsar Michael II on April 28, 1810, at just 12 years old. His uncle and Regent Bobrinsky made sure the boy was fully engrossed in the working of the government, from day one. He also brought in tutors form France, England, Prussia, Italy and even the Federal Republic of America in addition to his Russian tutors.


    The deposed Paul would be sent to a monastery deep in the wilderness of Russian America, he would continue to slid into a deepening madness, before finally dying on May 7, 1835.

    As Regent Bobrinsky had to walk a tight rope as to how he ran the country if he stepped too far in any direction then he would be accused of trying steal his nephews crown. But still within the tight constraints that he was place in Bobrinsky was able to accomplish some minor changes in Russia. The first of was when he pardoned the people that Paul had exiled to Russian America giving every family that he had sent across the sea the right to claim 15 acers of land as their own and freedom from serfdom. He also pardoned all the officers that his brother had had imprisoned in Siberia restored their rank, titles and lands. He also reorganized the Army and saw the adoption of the Army’s first Rifled Musket as its primary fire arm. Then lastly just before Michael came of age Bobrinsky ended serfdom in the Russian Far East and Russian America; he took the risk at this small step when one day after his lessons with the American tutor Michael asked him why so many of his people were slaves to the land.

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    Count Regent Aleksey Grigorievich Bobrinsky beloved uncle of Michael II

    Michael spent the time of his Regency in when not in the class room with his tutors touring the country, as much as his uncle and the advisors would allow. He also spent many days in the company of the Imperial Russian Army and became a marksman with the new Rifled Musket his uncle had started issuing to the military. All of this lead to Michael being seen as the people’s Tsar. It was during this part of his life that Michael would develop a hatred for the system of Serfdom. He would write to his uncle in 1813 .

    “Never has system ever been so backward as to keep the bulk of a country’s people in poor and dumb. How much greater could our country be if the bulk of our population was not deprived of the most basic of education and allowed a chance to advance beyond the role of ignorant farmer. I swear to you before god that this shall be one thing that I correct upon my coming of Age. “

    On February 16, 1815 eight days after his 17th birthday Michael would give the Russian political world the first of a long reign of shocks, by marrying Anastasia Andreyevna Gorchakov the 15 year old daughter of Andrei Ivanovich Gorchakov who were decedents of the ancient Rurik dynasty. When asked about his choice in brides the young Tsar said “I feel that we need to breed the Russian back into the Russian Imperial Family.” His dedication to this domestic principle would be shown on November 21, 1815 when the Empress gave birth to a healthy baby boy whom they named Ivan Mikhailovich Romanov.

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    Anastasia Andreyevna Gorchakov

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    Tsar Michael II


    February 8, 1816 In the Cathedral of the Dormition in Moscow on his eighteenth birthday, Michael Pavlovich Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov was crowned Tsar Michael II, and Anastasia was crowned Queen Consort. Upon the completion the ceremony Michael now the most powerful man in Russia, would issue his Coronation Edict in which he officially ended the policy of Serfdom in the Russian Empire, Land owners could only charge the peasants rent for the land that they works and Serfs could work crown owned lands for free, or seek work in the cities. Michael II would move the capital of the Empire back to Moscow as part of his reRussiafaction reforms he was planning on set in place. As work of the Edict spread it angered the land owners however Michael was the Tsar and had the support and admiration of the majority of the Russian people. This was the start of the reign of the man who would be recorded in history as Michael the Great.

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    Coronation of Michael II


     
    Last edited: Dec 25, 2018
  7. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Merry christmas to all
     
  8. isabella Well-Known Member

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    Careful with patronimics... Yours are all wrong... They need to be derivated from the father name (unless we are talking about foreign who changed name after a conversion)
     
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  9. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    @isabella copy past from wikipedia and a random name generator pm me and I'll try to get it fixed. I am not a linguist by any means
     
  10. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    last Russia chapter is edited thanks for the help @isabella
     
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  11. Threadmarks: Central Europe 1810-1820 Part I

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    League of German Christian Republics

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    The LGCR had emerged from the Troubles as the only functional Franciscan State in Central Europe. At least that was how it appeared to the outside world. Inside the League the various republics fought political wars with each other over who had the most power within the Confederation. By 1812 just six years following their victory in the Troubles; the League was on the verge of breaking up as each of the for republics threatened to go their own way. That was until the general who had won the war for the league was elected Chancellor on September 18, 1813. Gerhard von Scharnhorst had never bought into the religious doctrine that the Franciscans had brought with them. Instead Scharnhorst wanted to create a state were all nobles and commoners alike were on an equal plain. With his two-year term as Chancellor Scharnhorst would pull of what was a centrist revolution with in the league. On December 21, 1813 military units loyal to Scharnhorst would size enter the city of Kassel capital city of the League as well as the capitals of the four republics Bremen, Hanover, Frankfurt, and Erfurt. As the Franciscans bishops were rounded up Scharnhorst enacted martial law. Hanover’s Army was loyal to Scharnhorst the hero of the Revolution, and it was the strongest and best trained in the League, actually having a small professional force where the rest of the republics relied on militia. The Coup went off without a hitch and by dawn on December 22nd Chancellor Scharnhorst had complete control of the League of German Christian Republics. He now summoned representatives of the three other republics to Kassel, for a convention.

    This would take place on December 25th; the Christmas Convention would be where Scharnhorst presented his new Constitution to the representatives. In this constitution church and state were separated, all Christians faiths were allowed to exist without harassment by the government. The Republics would surrender all but local administrative authority to the Federal Government and be rebranded as states with in the new United Republic of Germany. That government would now be split into two branches the Executive Branch made up of the Chancellor’s and his advisers. The Chancellor would now have an eight-year term; and the ability to issued executive orders that were binding until countermanded by the chancellor’s office, the power to veto any bill passed by the Volkskammer. The other branch of the government would be a legislative assembly called the Volkskammer (peoples chamber); this assembly had 400 seats 100 for each state each Chamberman would serve a 4-year term. The Volkskammer would pass legislation for the chancellor to enact into law.

    The new Republic allowed the political parties that the League had stifled to emerge and thrive. The Frist Volkskammer would be elected on February 7, 1814 of the 400 seats the German People Party of which Scharnhorst was a member would take 225 seats. The German Republican Party would take 100 seats, the People’s Army Party took 50 seats; the German Franciscan Party 25 seats. The election vindicated Scharnhorst’s actions and gave him a mandate to govern it also stated to create a national identity for the new UGR.

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    United Republic of Germany Government Castle built on the hills above Kassel between 1818 and 1820
     
    Last edited: Dec 29, 2018
  12. Threadmarks: Central Europe 1810-1820 Part II

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Prussian Empire 1800-1820

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    For Prussia the first two decades were a peaceful time under Kaiser Ludwig. The Kaiser would start to reform the Army reversing the deterioration that his father had allowed to take place during his reign. Ludwig would also begin a small buildup of the Prussian Navy in response to the Swedish Empire’s beginning a major naval construction program. While not on the same scale as the Swedish program it was large enough to ensure that the Prussian coast could not be easily raided in the event of a war in the Baltic. Ludwig also increased the coastal defenses in Jutland and the Prussian and Polish Baltic coast. However Ludwig was never a heathy man and finally his body gave out on him on June 1, 1817 he suffered a heart attack and died. His Eldest son Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig would become the new Kaiser of the Prussian empire.

    On August 18, 1817 Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig would be crowned Kaiser Friedrich III in honor of Grandfather Frederick (II) the Great. Frederick III believed that it was his job to restore the Prussian Army to the greatest army in Europe that his grandfather had created. Frederick unlike his father was not continent to rule a midsized land in central Europe he had his eyes on a Greater Prussian Empire that included all of the old Holy Roman Empire as well as Scandinavia and the Baltic States. He was however did have his father patience and was not planning to rush into a war Prussia could not win but he was young an unlike his father he was healthy time was very much on his side.

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    Kaiser Frederick III (if someone can find a better Picture of him please let me know.)
     
  13. Threadmarks: Central Europe 1810-1820 Part III

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia

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    The decade of the 1810’s would prove to be a quiet decade for the Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia. The new Constitution would continue to work smoothly with House of Representatives Elections being held in 1809, 1812, 1815, and 1818. In each of these elections control of the house would peacefully change hands form one party to the other. From 1806-1812 the Constitutional Monarchy Party and its Constitutionalist Coalition would be the dominant coalition member in the house however it would lose seats to the Imperial Monarchy Party following the 1812 election. The Imperialist coalition would hold power until the election of 1818 when the Constitutionalist Coalition would once more retake control of the house. 1816 would see the House of Magnates 300 seats reshuffled as well.

    It was during the years that Imperial Monarchist Party and it Imperial Coalition were in control of the house that the Royal Hungarian and Royal Croatian Armies were reorganized into a more efficient organizational structure they would also be the first army to adopt the new cap lock mechanism developed by the Bohemian inventor Adolf Adamček(1).

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    The Hungarian Model 1817 the worlds first cap lock musket in mass production

    These years would also see the Royal Hungarian-Croat Navy enlarged to 19 ships of the line 22 frigates and 40 sloops and smaller vessels. This was done after the Admiralty informed the King and Parliament that it was in no shape to challenge the Ottoman Imperial Navy when the Italian-Turkish War broke out in the fall of 1814. After this Hungary-Croatia vowed that it never again be put in a position where it was not able to project its power.

    (1) fictional character
     
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2019
  14. Threadmarks: Central Europe 1810-1820 Part IV: The Bohemian Empire

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Bohemia 1810-1820

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    In Bohemia Emperor Francis II stews in his powerlessness position, he has taken to calling himself the Ornamental Emperor. Yet, he is planning on changing his role in the Government of the Bohemian Empire. He and Colonel-General Hieronymus Karl Graf von Colloredo-Mansfeld plan to change this. The General wanted to see the Bohemian Empire annex the Slovenian Republic and regain access to the sea. To do this he allied himself with the Bohemian Action Party, who would win enough seats to be a part of the Government following the 1819 election setting the Stage for the Bohemian Slovak war of 1821, a war in which everything that could go wrong will go wrong for Bohemia.

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    The Envisioned Bohemian Empire by Colloredo-Mansfeld and Francis II

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    Colonel-General Hieronymus Karl Graf von Colloredo-Mansfeld
     
    Last edited: Jan 4, 2019
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  15. Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    yes I know that last chapter was more pics than actual text but I cant make mountains out of every mole hill lol Next up is Italy and finally get the the main event of Europe 1810-1820 the Italian-Turkish War, aka Napoleon marches again
     
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  16. Threadmarks: 1807-1814 Italy before the war

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    The Imperial Family

    On May 8, 1807 after years of marriage and two miscarriages Empress Maria Amalia delivers a healthy baby boy to her husband Emperor Napoleon I. The Boy is named Charles Napoleon Bonaparte and is name, Prince Imperial and the Count of Tunis; Heir to the Throne of the Italian Empire Two years later on June 17, 1809 Maria Amalia will give birth to a second son, sadly the birth of the child is a hard one on Maria who passes away just hours after the child is born. The boy is named Marius Napoleon Bonaparte, in honor of his mother; his father proclaims him the Duke of Naples. Napoleon’s youngest sister Caroline Bonaparte will become the beloved aunt and mother figure to the two young princes.

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    Empress Maria the First Wife of Emperor Napoleon

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    Grand Duchess Caroline Bonaparte

    In the fall of 1809 Napoleon’s ambassador to Britain began a conversation with King George IV. Napoleon wanted to Mary his youngest sister the 26 year old Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom. George and the British Government were not opposed to the union but George had one condition, he would not simply pawn off his baby sister like a prized horse, so he arranged for her to take a state visit to Naples in the Spring of 1810, and after that visit if she wished to marry they Italian Emperor then it was ok with him. Amelia’s visit to Naples was a huge success Napoleon pulled out all of his charms and the Princess fell in love with the charming Italian Emperor and his two young sons. Before she left to return to England she agreed to marry Napoleon. The two would be married seven months later on December 12, 1810.

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    Empress Amelia, the second wife of Napoleon

    On November 18, 1811, Amelia gave birth to a baby girl named Carlotta Maria Bonaparte the First Imperial Princess of Italy. Carlotta would be followed by another son Prince Giorgio (George) Victor Napoleon Bonaparte born on the eve of war, on September 1, 1814

    The state of the Italian Empire on the Eve of War

    By the summer of 1814 collection of independent states that Napoleon had sown together to create his empire were actually starting to act like a unified nation however to call it a single national culture would be a stretch. Key to this was the creation of the Imperial Army by Napoleon in 1808. This broke up the old localized state armies creating a new National army with a centralized officer corps. The Navy is also treated equally as the old independent navies of the Italian states are melted into a single service. Napoleon also begins construction on new ships expanding the Imperial Navy into a force he hopes will one day turn the Mediterranean Sea into an Italian Lake. During this period the Italian Economy as the Italian textile industry focused on turning out high quality cloth, and foundries were expanded to meet the increasing needs of Napoleon’s growing and modernizing Military.

    The Start of the Italian-Turkish War

    On September 23, 1814 the Italian merchant ship Stella Rossa (Red Star) was captured by Libyan pirates, This came at a high point of Libyan Piracy and offered Napoleon a golden opportunity, to expand Italian control into Libya. On September 28, 1814 he sent a message to the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa IV demanding full retribution for all the lost Italian ships going back to 1807, Napoleon gave Mustafa till October 28, 1814. There was no way that Mustafa could meet Napoleon’s demands as Libya was only nominally under his control. On October 28, 1814 Mustafa sent Napoleon a response stating that there was no way in which the Ottoman Empire could comply with the Demands of the Italian Empire. However he would be willing to work with Napoleon on a “reasonable settlement.” Two days later a force of Libyan soldiers crossed the border into Tunis and raided an Italian settlement killing 28 people and wounding over 100 more. This was enough and on December 1, 1814 he asked the Italian Parliament for a declaration of War on the Ottoman Empire. Both the National Assembly and the Senate would pass this call for war. At midnight on December 2, 1814 the Italian Empire declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2019
  17. Threadmarks: 1798-1813 The Ottoman Empire Before the War.

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    The Ottoman Empire
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    The Treaty of Berlin that ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1791 left the Ottoman Empire in total disarray, they had lost all of their European Territory as well as the Tunisia. The cost of the war had also left their economy in a deep recession. It was in the face of this that Sultan Selim III chose to move the Capital of the Empire from the Southern half of Constantinople that the Turks remained Istanbul, to the ancient capital of Konya. Selim III proclaimed that the Turkish people need to reconnect with their roots in the wake of their greatest defeat.

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    Sultan Selim III

    By 1800 the economy had recovered enough for Selim III to begin his reforms. In these reforms Selim abolished the military tenure of fiefs; he introduced salutary reforms into the administration, especially in the fiscal department, sought by well-considered plans to extend the spread of education, and engaged foreign officers as instructors, by whom a small corps of new troops called nizam-i-jedid were collected and drilled in 1797. This unit was composed of Turkish peasant youths from Anatolia and supplied with modern weaponry.

    By 1806 the new army numbered around 23,000 troops, including a modern artillery corps, and its units performed effectively in minor actions. But Selim III's inability to integrate the force with the regular army and his reluctance to deploy it against his domestic opponents limited its role in defending the state it was created to preserve.

    From the start of Selim's reign, the Janissaries had viewed this entire program of military reform as a threat to their independence, and they refused to serve alongside the new army in the field. The powerful derebeys were alarmed by the way in which the sultan financed his new forces—he confiscated timars and directed the other revenue toward the nizam-i jedid. Further opposition came from the ulama and other members of the ruling elite who objected to the European models on which Selim based his military reforms. In 1806 the Janissaries and their backers in the Ruling Elite attamped a coup against Selim III however when faced with this threat from within Selim finally turned his new army on the Janissaries and crushed the coup attempt. The Janissaries and their backers were decimated those who survived were stripped of all their wealth and privileges and exiled from the empire.

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    Sultan Mustafa IV

    Then in the fall of 1810 Selim fell ill. It was a sudden illness and swift illness that saw the sultan go from a healthy 49 year old man to an invalid within three weeks; and a dead man just over a month. Following Selim’s death his cousin Mustafa was crowned Mustafa IV. Unlike Selim Mustafa was easily controlled by the ruling elites that Selim had forced from power. Under Mustafa IV’s reign many of the reforms that Selim III started were abandoned and his new modern army was no abolished but left to wither on the vine. The reactionary policies of Mustafa IV would be the source of many of the Empires woes in the Italian-Turkish War of 1814.
     
  18. Threadmarks: 1792-1813 The Byzantine Empire before the War

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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    Constantine(Konstantin) XII comes of Age

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    May 27, 1795 under the great dome of the Hagia Sophia, in the City of Byzantium (the northern half of Constantinople controlled by the Restored Byzantine Empire) Konstantin Pavlovich Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov otherwise known as Constantine XII of the Byzantine Empire celebrates his 16th birthday by officially being crowned Emperor in his own right, officially ending the Regency. Constantine now takes up all the functions of the office of Emperor however he keeps Georgios Papanikolis on one of his key advisers. On September 21, 1796 after more than three years of secrete courtship Konstantin and Princess Marie Thérèse of France were married in the new completed Metropolitan Cathedral of the Annunciation (1) in Athens, the day after Marie officially converts to the from the Catholic to the Orthodox faith.

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    The Emperor and Empress waist no time in consummating their marriage and Georgios Papanikolis notes in this journals that the Emperor is quite distracted by martial affairs for the next few months. Not surprisingly as a result of all of this dedication Empress Marie gives birth to a healthy baby boy on August 4, 1797, the child is named Paul Louis after his grandfathers. Paul will be followed by five more siblings between 1797 and 1813. Justinian Eugene born on October 1, 1798, Natasha Maria born on July 17, 1801, Constantine Emanuel born on January 7, 1803, Tabatha Sophia born on June 24, 1806, and Kristen Layna born on May 1, 1810, Nicholas Kristo born on December 19, 1812.

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    Outside of his family life Konstantin’s Reign continued on the nation building polices that had dominated the regency. Konstantin and the Byzantine Senate and Assembly devoted ample funds to develop the Armed forces both the Army and the Navy. This was done easily as all were fearful of the return of the Ottomans. However in the end it would be the Byzantines that brought war to the Aegean Sea and Anatolia in 1816 as they sought to capitalize on the Ottomans misfortunes in the Italian-Turkish war.



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    Emperor Constantine XII

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    Empress Marie Therese

    (1) it is completed much earlier because of Independence from Ottomans sooner.
     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2019
  19. Threadmarks: Europe 1814

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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  20. Threadmarks: the Med 1814

    Confederate Liberal Well-Known Member

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