1885-1895 Latin American Dominons
Latin American Dominions
Like Britain and France, Spain also had New World colonies but they were mostly in Central and South America unlike the British and French colonies which almost all of them were located in North America. Spain also had North American colonies such as Mexico and technically Central America could count as North America as well, many of the Spanish colonies were colonized during the 16th and 17th centuries when Spain was the most powerful empire.
The Spanish New World colonies remain apart of Spain because there is no French revolution which means no Napoleonic wars and that would mean with no Napoleonic wars the Spanish colonies remain apart of the Spanish Empire. The Spanish colonies remaining apart of the Spanish Empire would actually be surprisingly better for them because the Spanish were reforming their empire in the late 18th century to give their colonies more autonomy. One of the reason why the British colonies were so successful (Eg. Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and USA) is because the British gave them more autonomy than the Spanish.
These Spanish New World colonies would be a bit better of than they would be in this timeline with the Spanish giving them more and more autonomy with the Spanish New World colonies likely being economically a lot like the American South or Southern and Eastern Europe (Most Latin American countries have a gdp per capita lower than those 3 regions), which would mean they would be developed and rich with lots of manufacturing but not wealthy and as industrialized like the economic and industrial cities that are based in the British and French North American colonies.
Geography which is a subject that I love a lot, but it would divide many of these Spanish colonies when they become dominions of the Spanish Empire, Mexico would have similar borders to that of our timeline if not the same, but what would be different is that central America would likely be one country without the civil war that made it into many different countries, the borders would be a bit different since there isn’t as much if any revolutions and civil wars which split many latin American countries. For example Argentina being more powerful would hold onto Uruguay, Peru and Bolivia would be one country, but Gran Columbia would not survive because of geographic and cultural differences, The Caribbean countries are mostly islands so the borders would be the same since they are natural borders for the most part.
For Brazil it would develop very similarly to the Spanish Latin American colonies in this timeline, but without the overthrow of the monarchy, this would mean Brazil would be a more stable and prosperous nations without a lot of the dictatorships that came after the monarchy. But the monarchy in Brazil which was the Portuguese monarchy that came after the Napoleonic wars to Brazil built up a lot of its infrastructure and the Empire of Brazil did show a lot of promise under the monarchy particularly Pedro II (One of the best monarchs in history), but Brazil even without the Empire of Brazil which was a byproduct of the Napoleonic Wars would still be better off because the Portuguese government would reform over time and immigrants would come and develop Brazil over time as well.