Dixieland: The Country of Tomorrow, Everyday (yet another Confederate TL)

So, the (Boer) Republic of South Africa lost the first Boer war and the Orange Free state has drifted along as a British protectorate? I'm surprised it hasn't been annexed by this point.
Well, it's surrounded by British colonies, but it's allied to the British, and South Africa isn't one unified federal entity, it's still the separate Cape, Natal, and Transvaal colonies.
 
OK, here's the map as I understand it.

View attachment 518105

There are a few areas I'm unsure about: Central Asia, Indochina, and the German colonies in general come to mind. I welcome suggestions.
Central Asia looks fine, Italian Albania as well as Bulgaria both need to be larger, Italy annexing all four Albanian vilayets and Bulgaria getting the borders of San Stephano. Djibouti is part of Abyssinia, all of Somalia is a British colony, the Germans colonised the Central African Republic, Kenya, and Uganda, the Russian don't have influences over all of Xinjiang, just the north and the border areas, Kachin should be conquered by the Qing, the Shan are still part of Siam, as is Laos and Eastern Kampuchea, and you got the Ngygen Dynasty borders correct aside from minor border adjustments with Siam. Everything else looks good as well.
 
Another thing about the map. I find it very unlikely that the African colonies would share the same borders as their OTL counterparts, especially with the straight line borders and panhandles. Maybe you could take inspiration from @HeX's borders of Africa?

 
Chapter 92 - The Two Koreas
The Two Koreas
The division of Korea surprisingly actually followed culturally meaningful lines. Throughout almost the entire Joseon Dynasty, Korea had been divided into eight different provinces, which eventually by the late 19th century had developed their own identities, something easy since they were based on geographic features. Rather than quibble over borders, all of the relevant parties (namely the Qing and Russia) really just wanted out of the war as soon as possible, causing them to simply divide Korea on these lines. The eastern three provinces, namely Gyeongsang, Gangwon, and Pyeongan were put in the Russian sphere of influence - and the remaining five provinces in the west put into the Qing sphere. The awkward divison paid no reality to the actual reality on the ground in Korea, as neither the Joseon King nor the Donghak rebels hoped for a division of the country. Most ridiculously, the Donghak rebels had not even sought to overthrow the Joseon monarchy, when they were awkwardly told that their Russian sponsors "congratulations! you have your own country now!"

Luckily for the Donghak leaders - they found a way to prevent abolishing the monarchy. The incredibly ambitious cousin of King Gojong, Prince Yeongseon, was a staunch rival of Gojong due to his own personal desire to have the throne. What the Donghak offered him was what he had always wanted - a throne (of sorts). Fleeing the Royal Palace in the middle of the night and narrowly evading the guards, Prince Yeongseon found his way to the capital of East Korea, Gyeongju (the former capital of the Silla Kingdom). The East Korean court quickly became an interesting collection of thinkers - Japanese reformists, exiled samurai, random Russians, Donghak scholars, and of course, the ambitious enigmatic, politically flexible Prince Yeongseon. As a result, the new state was in many ways a paradox. Much like the Meiji Restoration, which was simultaneously both radically reformist and reactionary (founded on the notion of "revere the emperor, expel the barbarians" - East Korea was both reactionary and radical.

On one hand, to placate the Japanese, who generally pushed reforms along Japanese lines, the East Korean court largely accepted the aid of Japanese bureaucrats and businessmen, who recommended most of the typical reforms (centralization of taxation, universal education, bureaucratization of government, the creation of a Constitution). However, the state would also take a deeply authoritarian bent. Taking inspiration from the politics of Imperial Russia instead of Imperial Japan, the Prince was given extraordinary powers for a "constitutional monarch", including being the sole commander-in-chief of the military with no meaningful civilian oversight. East Korea was not a democracy. It was understood that learned Confucian scholars (given a crash course by the Japanese in modern public policy and economics) would handle most domestic affairs independent from the monarch, while the monarch would handle foreign policy and military affairs. Finally, as part of the deal to entice Yeongseon into backstabbing the rest of his family and to make the Russians and Japanese happier - a full break was made with the Qing in the most inflammatory measure possible.

In the aftermath of the Manchu invasion of China and the fall of the Ming Dynasty, many scholars in Joseon Korea viewed Korea as the last bastion of classical Chinese civilization. This feeling only intensified in the aftermath of several educational missions sent to Qing China, where Korean scholars were generally horrified by the general neglect of Confucian studies in Qing China (especially among the generally only semi-sinicized Manchu elite). In addition, new state had to throw a major bone to the Donghak leaders themselves, who wanted to see Korea purged of "foreign" influence even as they strongly supported adopting foreign "technology." Soon after the division of Korea, Prince Yeongseon, backed up by the Russians and Japanese, declared the creation of the Han Dynasty or Han Empire (Dae Han), (no relation to the Han Dynasty of China), which ambitiously styled itself not just the successor of the Joseon Dynasty - but also of the Ming Dynasty itself. The Han Dynasty even threw a bone towards the Taiping rebellion, though they didn't know anything about the Taipings other than that they were very anti-Manchu. The leader of the new Han Empire would be the newly self-named Yushin Emperor, whose selected name made it quite obvious where some of the ideological inspiration behind the state was coming from (Yushin being the Korean pronunciation of the two characters that are pronounced in Japanese as "Meiji").

This would further poison relations between the Qing Empire on one side - and the Russian and Japanese Empires on the other hand. Interestingly, this made it actually much easier for the Yuanhua Emperor and his British sponsors to push through desired reforms - the goal of "setting the barbarians against other barbarians" had totally failed. The Qing Empire seemed to have two implacable enemies that the Qing state was now required to plan defeating. Huge amounts of peasants were drafted into clearing jungles in Qing Burma to simply widen the roads and railroads between the Qing Empire and British Raj. The death rate was generally horrific (both for imported workers and for natives chased off their land), but the project did succeed in building a lot of railroads between the two polities. Interestingly, grudges with America asides - the Qing was actually willing to drop most of its complaints to quietly allow American investment to return, provided that any railroads they built be built in the British gauge. American businessmen, who were generally pragmatic, actually mostly returned, especially as most of those who lost their property in the First World War actually received decent compensation (the ones who lost their lives couldn't be compensated...but they also couldn't complain).

Perhaps driven by their own history of devastating rebellions in the 19th century, the Qing Empire had actually sketched out a battle plan against Russia and Japan. The Qing Navy, amply funded, merely needed to evade the Japanese until the Royal Navy could arrive in the Pacific - the two navies could then combine to strangle Japan from all international trade. This plan was decided upon when it was learned that Japan, with its deeply impoverished and underdeveloped countryside, was not actually agriculturally self-sufficient and dependent on expensive food imports from Russia and French Taiwan (as a result, Japan was so interested in the creation of the Trans-Siberian Railroad - that the Japanese government itself invested in the TSR and owned some share of the interests in the railroad.) Under their theory, large amounts of mobilized Green Standard Army troops, local militia (ironically, most of the rank-and-file Boxers, despite being founded as an anti-foreign movement protesting against strange new developments such as railroads, had eventually just been paid off by the Qing and British...and now just spent their time guarding British railroads, once the British were officially cleared as a "good ally"), and Raj troops shipped in from India could actually just drown the Russians in bodies and grind any Russian halt to a crushing attrition-based halt. The Qing rationalized that this would work because the Russians probably weren't used to an enemy trying to use attrition warfare on them. Finally, the Qing reached out to old friends, particularly the Uighurs of former Xinjiang (the primary Qing partners in the Dzhungar Genocide), who the Qing hoped would arise against a weakened, drained Russia and help "split apart" the hated enemy.
 
Would New Orleans become the center of the American mafia ITTL instead of New York? Not as many, if any Southern Italian immigrants are coming to New York, and most who would be turned away at New York would simply to go Brazil or Argentina instead, New Orleans being a popular stopping point for ships heading to either of those countries from the United States. New Orleans and many prominent Confederate cities in general could also see a good wave of Italian immigrants in general, like Louisiana, the Gulf Coast, and Florida did IOTL.
 
So the last war's barely over and they're already planning for another one. At least they're not holding onto grudges with the US over things. I have a feeling that the next war's going to break out over some damn fool thing in the Koreas.
 
Would New Orleans become the center of the American mafia ITTL instead of New York? Not as many, if any Southern Italian immigrants are coming to New York, and most who would be turned away at New York would simply to go Brazil or Argentina instead, New Orleans being a popular stopping point for ships heading to either of those countries from the United States. New Orleans and many prominent Confederate cities in general could also see a good wave of Italian immigrants in general, like Louisiana, the Gulf Coast, and Florida did IOTL.
OTL mafia violence already became problem in late 19th century New Orleans. The single worst lynching in American history happened to a group of Italian New Orleans immigrants because of anger over organized crime.
 
Chapter 93 - Return to Normalcy New
Return to Normalcy
The outbreak of World War I more or less completely halted immigration to both the United States and Canada for the duration of the war. British emigrants as a result, tended to choose either Argentina, Australia, or South Africa as their primary destination during that time period, as those regions weren't a conflict zone. Even Confederate immigration to the Union ended. As a result, the war actually led to a dramatic increase in the wage of American workers, as labor competition rapidly crashed. The formation of many labor groups, chiefly the Knights of Labor (which grew in size due to being seen as a "patriotic" organization agitating against the "Orientals") was rapid, as Knights of Labor branches sprung up across the entire nation.

This coincided with the inauguration of John Hay, who promised a return to normalcy. Peace had already been brokered by the Holmes Administration when Hay took office, so even his inauguration was taken as an example of normalcy returning. However, the Republican majority in the House and Senate (large in the House, narrow in the Senate) both came in with the belief that it was time to roll back the reforms of the Pennoyer/Holmes administration. Although their appointments to the Supreme Court couldn't be replaced, ending the era in which the Supreme Court used the privileges or immunities clause to strike down most economic regulations, they still exercised that power sparingly. The Hay Administration also moved carefully on the institution of an anti-trust act based on advice given by former President John Sherman. However, for the most part, the government refused to implement proposed economic regulations, siding with business against organized labor. The Knights of Labor were essentially treated as a branch of the opposition party.

Unionization had spread widely during the Pennoyer Administration as the government supported strikers, which made several states buckle down and promulgate laws recognizing unions. In response, the Hay Administration and the Republican Congress rammed a bill through Congress with the support of "Bourbon Democrats" led by figures like Grover Cleveland, which recognized unions federally and made it illegal to fire an entire union, but banned them from excluding non-union labor, while also making it very difficult for a specific individual to prove he had been fired for being in a union. A wave of strikes spread across the nation again, almost as large as the strikes that had created the Labor movement. The reaction of the federal government was to declare martial laws on railroads - and when a thrown bomb killed several Pinkerton agents, the Attorney General was ordered to directly prosecute "anarchists" for treason against the United States. Industrial violence skyrocketed as the Hay Presidency became known for violent labor-management struggles.

On the cultural front, there was relatively little fighting, as the Hay Administration tried to cleverly moderate on most such issues. For example, states were allowed to institute prohibition (and only Republicans did), but there was no national policy. The border states interestingly all kept alcohol legal, largely because the prohibition of alcohol in the Confederate States eventually created a psychotic smuggling ring centered around the Border States. Repudiating attempts to create a "Chinese Exclusion Act", President Hay himself bargained directly with Qing officials. In return for full resumption of trade relations and plentiful American investment, the Qing would strike a "Gentleman's Agreement" with President Hay to greatly greatly limit Chinese immigrants to the USA. This did not actually stop anti-Orientalism - since he was unable to reach a similar agreement with Japan, which continued to send immigrants, but it certainly weakened it, especially outside of the West.

Despite greatly frayed relations between the United Kingdom and United States, President Hay also rapidly worked to restore commercial relations with the United Kingdom. Refusing to pay reparations for the Vancouver Massacre, Hay correctly saw that the United Kingdom could more or less force Canada into accepting whatever terms both Washington and London agreed on - the Americans largely restored full diplomatic and economic relations with the UK, forcing the Canadians to comply as well. However, ethnic tensions simmered, especially in Maine, as the state government refused to allow expelled French-Canadian-Americans to return. "Minutemen" regularly patrolled the Maine-Quebec border in order to prevent "Papist infiltrators." Similarly, the United States government established direct diplomatic relations with the Vatican City, which outraged most of the Catholic World. Although President Hay went to great lengths to celebrate "patriotic Catholics" (aka, those that were part of the Union of Rome), most Catholic immigrants still stayed away from America.

The failure to conquer Hawaii was generally seen by President Hay as a repudiation of direct American imperialism, but it certainly didn't stop all American influence. Rather, it solidified the American sense that it should take stronger control of its direct colonies and areas of influence. President Hay, in a corollary for the peace deal that ended World War I, actually bargained fairly toughly with the British, achieving recognition of all Liberian land east of the Mano River, and making Britain agreed to support any American claims with regards to French Guinea. As a result, when the time came to negotiate borders between France and Liberia, the French largely gave up under combined UK-US pressure (neither side wanting to "poke the American eagle"), massively expanding Liberia's interior.

Of course, Liberia was actually an independent country, but that was not intended to stay true for very long. One group that suffered a great deal was American missionaries, who had traditionally seen China as the most fertile grounds for to proselytize. Although being fairly progressive in their political outlook, this was a generally a very loyally Republican demographic, ever since they flocked to the party to fight against slavery. World War I brought that to a complete end, as British missionaries quickly replaced American missionaries across China. By this point, Native American Indian communities had mostly been converted (well, to some degree - as most Native American communities had maintained self-autonomy, most Native Americans practiced a very syncretic Christianity) and integrated into the broader fabric of American society. The immediate effect of the defeat in the War of Southern Independence and the McClellan-Grant peace policy was an idealization of Native American culture in the West (outside of the Oklahoma ones, who were just seen as typical slaveholders), both in politics and art. This was only strengthened when the Native American tribes of the Dakotas were recruited to serve the US Army - generally being extremely successful in their raids against Canada (such as the famed severing of Canada'sTrans-Pacific Railroad by American cavalry working with Sioux warriors).

The President of Liberia, William D. Coleman, originally born from a slave mother and a white father in Kentucky, was facing serious opposition, both from progressives domestic politicians who opposed him for trying to expand Liberia into the interior (controlled by African tribes), opposition from conservative politicians who loathed his agenda of integrating and offering rights to native Africans, resistance from the tribes themselves, and fear that an expansionist France or Britain could roll them up. In many ways, he was looking for a lifeline - and the history of Santo Domingo offered an easy lifeline. Supported both by Republicans as well as interventionists in the former Anti-Oriental Party (the actual party had collapsed from infighting), the annexation of Liberia was approved despite protests from many American politicians and the vast majority of Liberia. The U.S. Army, which was not exactly a peacetime militia anymore (after World War I), but a ruthless, elite force, was shipped immediately across the Atlantic into Liberia to crush all opposition. Politicians across the Amero-Liberian Coast called for resistance, which was heeded by many progressive and most traditionalist Amero-Liberians (a small, but significant faction of progressive Liberians sided with America and Coleman). Coleman was expelled from the True Whig Party, which declared resistance. At every point, the Americans claimed they were enforcing the "lawful domestic order of a democratically ascended to the United States", trying to constantly disprove comparisons to Haiti. In reality, none of Europe cared much about either country. Liberia was in America's sphere of influence - and Europe didn't care what they did there.
 
American West Africa, especially with their track record so far ittl, seems like it’s going to be nasty. I really like your portrayal of a more openly imperialist gilded age America (not to say it wasn’t otl). It feels a lot more authentic then most tls coverage of such a concept.
 
American West Africa, especially with their track record so far ittl, seems like it’s going to be nasty. I really like your portrayal of a more openly imperialist gilded age America (not to say it wasn’t otl). It feels a lot more authentic then most tls coverage of such a concept.
I'm not really sure it's more imperialist than OTL, just because it's also kind of a side-effect of them not having a Philippines/Cuba/Puerto Rico to really scratch that imperialism itch. More direct control over Liberia...is probably less imperialism overall than the Philippines.
 
So are the Native Americans avoiding some of the worse treatment from OTL? Seems like things aren't quite as bad, although still likely far from good.
 
So are the Native Americans avoiding some of the worse treatment from OTL? Seems like things aren't quite as bad, although still likely far from good.
Yeah, I'd say considerably better than OTL since stuff like Wounded Knee and the Ghost Dance War and even Custer's Last Stand all got butterflied out. You probably still get something that resembles the infamous Indian Schools though. I will probably have to do an update on the Comanche since uh, shit went down and I keep forgetting to do an update about them.
 
Top