Kentucky Fried Politics: A Colonel Sanders Timeline

Hey, thanks a bunch for those names; they and some other actors/actresses I'm looking over could really enrich American TV/culture in the 1970s/1980s ITTL!

You're welcome. Here's how I handled Anissa Jones leaving "Family Affair," BTW - you could draw something from that or the idea of her just declaring herself older because she was grieving and pretended to be younger or something - or maybe a younger child star to begin with is on "Family Affair" so it's not a problem.
Chapter 33: July 1970 – December 1970
Chapter 33: July 1970 – December 1970

“Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.”

– R. Jackson Brown Jr.

“I’m not too sure about this new defense spending bill,” the Colonel told House Speaker Halleck. Introduced earlier in the year, the bill was making its way out of committee, and Senator Goldwater, Nixon, and Cotton were openly backing the legislation, as well as Secretaries Bonesteel and Curtis. The President noticed, “We were able to defeat the Viet Cong with less money, and we’re already taking what we learned dealin’ with them and the Pathet Lao and applying it to the Pol Pot lunatics. It just seems too excessive.” For the time being, the Colonel remained on the fence.

Meanwhile, after years of research (supported by Vice President Scranton), the Senate Committee reviewing the nation’s health and eating habits finally handed the Colonel their report on American health habits. The report suggested that Americans would greatly benefit from better eating habits (eating less fatty foods, watching consumption levels of carbohydrates, etc.) and more exercise (dancing, jogging, hiking, gym, sports competitions) in their daily routines. The Colonel was certain to publish the report’s findings and send an abridged copy of it to every cabinet member, Senator, and Representative.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

Yeah, we also took a hit during the Arkansas Scandal. Eldridge X, who’d been in prison from ’58 to ’66, had become the second-in-command in Malcolm X-Men, but he got taken down by the Rape Wave when several white women accused him of raping them in the ’50s. At start I didn’t buy, but as more witnesses came forward and the pressure got it Eldridge, he fessed up to it. But instead of facing the merciless wrath of the pigs-in-blue, you know, he fled Mexico to avoid arrest. That was dumb; that killed all chances of denying it all, and it seriously hurt our organization because we were trying to expand from being supporters of Malcolm X to being supporters of our respective communities. Kind of like what The Colonel President was always talking about at the time – helping people be independent at the local level to help the state and in turn the country.

– Huey Newton, 2001 interview

I was confronted with the reaffirmation of my family’s health history when my father died from a heart attack in the summer of 1970. The immediate impact was the same as when my Mother had struggled with polio. So many locals helped us through difficult times. The church gave us food, and neighbors dropped in to help out Mom around the house. It demonstrated how important community support is, the church in particular. That’s an extended family, and to this day, those people, whether it’s some of our cousins that were there then or people in the church, you feel like that’s family. That’s always had an impact on me and has given me appreciation for the need we all need – you need that type of support that’s more than just the immediate family. [1]

– Jim Edgar’s 11/3/2009 speech on the costs of highways and healthcare

William Henry “Bill” Cosby Jr.
(July 12, 1937 – January 14, 2001) was an American actor, musician, and military physical therapist. Cosby was once a “rising star” in the world of American stand-up comedy, rising to the height of starring in his own TV series, the Bill Cosby Show, until a series of sexual
pestering charges ended his career in the entertainment industry.


Cosby began his career as a stand-up comic in San Francisco in 1961. He then landed a starring role in the NBC television show “I Spy” in 1965, which was followed by his own NBC sitcom, “The Bill Cosby Show,” which began airing in 1969. [2] After the end of Season 1 in April 1970 but before the start of Season 2, set to air in September, Cosby was accused of sexual pestering.


On July 12, 1970, Kristina Ruehli, at the time reporting the incident as a “Jane Doe,” encouraged by the “Ms. Arkansas” scandal and its watershed effects felt in the months afterward, came forward with her claim of being sexual pestered by Cosby. Later in the year, Ruehli testified that Cosby had drugged and possibly attempted to assault her after being invited to Cosby’s Beverly Hills home in December 1965, when she was the 22-year-old secretary at a Beverly Hills talent agency:

“Mr. Cosby poured me some bourbon. I can really hold my liquor. I’m Irish. And I had a couple of those – just two – and then I just don’t remember much. I have vague memories of someone walking next to me at the pool. Off the pool in one direction was a bedroom. Whether it was his bedroom or guest bedroom, I really don’t know, but I think it was not the master bedroom, because there really wasn’t much to it. And somehow, I wound up in that bed. Two bourbon-and-7s don’t knock me out cold, believe me. I can drink most men under the table. It was a standard eight-ounce glass, and they were not overly strong, or I would have noticed it. He must have drugged me. There is just one point at which I was having a drink and feeling normal and the next I was somehow passed out completely. He must have slipped something into my drink. When I woke up, it was all foggy, and I woke up in the bed. I found myself on the bed, and he had his shirt off. He had unzipped his pants. He was attempting to force me into oral sex. He had his hand on my head. I remember looking at his stomach hair. I immediately came to and was immediately very sick. I pushed myself away and ran to the bathroom and threw up. I never get sick like that from alcohol. Once I threw up and left the bathroom he wasn’t there. I don’t know where he went, but I left right away. … I don’t need money and I don’t want attention. I just want the truth to be known: Mr. Cosby is not the good guy that he’s protrayed to be.”

Ruehli additionally stated that she did not bring up the incident until early five years later because “I was embarrassed that I had put myself in that postion, because the woman always blames herself, right?” [3]

Ruehli’s detailed description of the interior of Cosby’s home gave credibility to her story, and in September 1970, another woman came forward with a similar story. Cosby denied both claim, and accused the first accuser of being a racist despite her race, and identity, not being disclosed until 1972.

Amid the accusations, The Bill Cosby Show lost its key sponsor, Proctor & Gamble, which wished to uphold a “clean” image in the wake of the Ms. Arkansas scandals, on September 29. After the October 4, 1970 airing of the show’s Season 2 Episode 4 “There Must Be a Party,” NBC cancelled The Bill Cosby Show. The remaining episodes were not released until 1992.

Post-Ms. Arkansas Years

After several more years of struggling to restore his reputation in Hollywood, especially after being accused of attempted rape in 1975, Cosby re-enlisted in the US Navy, and returned to working in physical therapy with injured Navy and Marine Corp personnel and veterans in his home state of Pennsylvania. This led to him working briefly in the United Services Organizations Inc., or U.S.O., where he attempted to resurrect his entertainment career, until a fourth sexual pestering accusation led to him being discharged from the military in 1991. At 54, Cosby and his still-faithful wife found themselves relying on the assistance of their adult children to get by financially. In 1992, Cosby sued NBC over the release of the remaining episodes of The Bill Cosby Show concerning royalties, but lost the lawsuit. By the middle of the 1990s, Cosby’s health was reported to be poor. He died in early 2001 from diabetes, age 63.



– The Washington Post, 7/17/1970

REPORT: The U.S. Fed. Gov.t Is Sending More Aid To Indochina Than Originally Thought

– The Wall Street Journal, 7/23/1970

“I think the Colonel being willing to send food to our former enemies in Vietnam is a clear example of just how soft on Communism our President really is.”

– US Senator Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson (D-WA) to reporters, 7/23/1970

“The Colonel is far too liberal for the party of Lincoln.”

– Max Rafferty, San Diego Union-Tribune Op-ed, 7/25/1970

After serving two years in the US Air Force, I finally took Tricia’s advice and tried out for the Houston Astros. …My Dad and Dad-in-law may know a thing or two about politics, but playing in the major leagues was where I outshined them.

– George W. Bush, 2011 interview


…moderate Lt. Gov. William G. Milliken defeated retiring conservative U.S. Rep. Gerald Ford by a 10% margin, with James C. Turner coming in at a distant third…

– The Detroit Free Press, 8/4/1970


– The Washington Post, 8/5/1970

…A Hollywood giant has come under scrutiny as the wave caused by the Ms. Arkansas scandal continues to spread further into the world of entertainment. Earlier today, several women came forward in a class-action lawsuit with claims that Harry Cohn, the late co-founder and President of Columbia Pictures, committed acts of sexual pestering during his time as their employer. Cohn, who lived from 1891 to 1958, had a legendary autocratic and intimidating leadership style. The women launching the lawsuit claim Cohn often pressed to exchange sexual favors for film roles…

– NBC News, 8/9/1970 broadcast

“Harry Cohn tried to have his way with me after I had signed on to a three-picture contract with Columbia, but I stopped him at the start. I told him to keep it in his pants because I was set to have lunch with his wife and children the very next day.” [4]

– Joan Crawford, “exclusive” The Hollywood Reporter interview, 8/11/1970


…After months of negotiation between Greek, Cypriot and British leaders, the island nation of Cyprus will merge with Greece. The move will be made official at a document-signing ceremony held later this year. …There remains, however, much controversy concerning the population of Turks/Muslims on the island. While the Greek government claims they will offer to pay for relocating the Turks whom voluntarily want to move to Turkey, Prime Minister Lambrakis has sworn “We have learned from the brutal mistakes of the past. We will not have another 1922 fiasco on our hands,” referring to forced population exchange programs of the early 1920s…

– The Daily Telegraph, 8/12/1970


…Rita Hayworth was a screen idol in the 1940s, a femme fatale actress best known for her roles in 1944’s Cover Girl and 1946’s Gilda. She joins Joan Crawford, 66, who won an Oscar in 1945 for her role in the MGM film Mildred Pierce and retired from acting earlier this year, in claiming to have experienced “sexual pestering” while under contract Columbia. Hayworth claims that Cohn was “outraged” when she refused to sleep with him and was only kept under contract due to her box office successes…

– The Los Angeles Times, 8/12/1970

Hollywood Has Always Been A “Dirty” Place

– George Murphy, The Sacramento Union, op-ed, 8/14/1970

On August 18, 1970, one-and-a-half years after the death of Clarence Sanders, Chaplain of the US Senate Frederick Brown Harris passed away at the age of 87. After 25 nonconsecutive years of loyal service, Sanders wanted him to a well-respected successor. As such, the Colonel offered the position to Billy Graham. Upon Graham’s declination, the office ultimately went to the then-63-year-old Rev. Edward Lee Roy Elson, a Presbyterian minister born in Ohio and educated in Kentucky’s Asbury College and the University of Southern California.

– Mark Pendergrast’s “For God, Country, and Kentucky Fried Chicken,” Perfect Formula Publishing, 2000

MARILYN MONROE SHARES HER STORIES: Confirms Hollywood Has A “Perverted Underbelly”

The Sacramento Union, 8/19/1970 extra (“exclusive interview special”)

“THE TIME FOR CHANGE IS NOW”: Griffiths Makes Her Case

…Martha Griffiths is visiting every county in the state to win over voters in her bid to become the first woman to serve as Governor of Michigan. Griffiths, who hails from western Ann Arbor, certainly has the political experience, as she has represented Michigan’s 17th U.S. Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives since 1955, winning election in 1954 and winning re-election in 1956, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1966, and 1968. Additionally, she served as a delegate for Michigan at the 1956 and 1968 Democratic National Conventions. Before serving in the U.S. Congress, she was the first woman to serve as judge of the “Recorder’s Court” in Detroit, doing so from 1953 to 1954. …Griffiths is a moderate known for her “implacable determination,” for her encyclopedic understanding of procedural niceties and details, and for having a “tongue like a blacksmith's rasp” whenever an opponent tries and fails to attack her. …Only Zolton Ferency, the former chair of the Michigan Democratic Party and unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1966, plus two very minor candidates, challenged her in the Democratic primary held on August 4; Griffiths won that contest with almost 60% of the vote…

– The Grand Rapids Press, Michigan newspaper, 8/21/1970

IT’S HAMMOND BY A HAIR: Will Run For Governor On Oil-Based F.A.D. Proposal

Juneau, AK – With Governor Stepovich retiring, tonight’s open primary saw State Senator Jay Hammond win over Lieutenant Governor Keith Miller, businessman Wally Hickel, and former U.S. Congressman Howard Pollock for the GOP gubernatorial nomination. Concurrently, Gene Guess won over lesser-known candidates Larry Carr and James R. Russell for the Democratic nomination.

The main debate leading up to the primary was how the Last Frontier should handle the $900 million dollars in state revenue created by the state’s North Slope oil leases, after the massive oil field in Prudhoe Bay was discovered in early 1968. The windfall is seven times the state’s 1968 budget, and expected to increase in size next year. Lieutenant Governor Keith Miller was the first Republican candidate to publicly propose the millions to go into a state dividend. State Senator Hammond concurred, but expanded on it into the primary aspect of his campaign; a believer of fiscal responsibility, Hammond claims a state version of the national FAD would allow Alaskans to “make their own decisions.” Moderate businessman Wally Hickel, however, opposed the dividend, believing the government should hold onto it and use it for statewide development projects: “an individual alone can’t pay for Alaska’s badly-needed infrastructure projects such as paved roads, and built bridges and hospitals.” Pollock offered a compromise solution: 50% of the oil results going to the state’s Treasury department, and the rest into the hands of Alaskans.

Ultimately, however, Hammond ran an active and efficient campaign, and defeated Miller by a margin of 0.5%...

Anchorage Daily News, 8/25/1970


– The Washington Post, 8/27/1970


Washington, D.C. – Margaret Heckler, a two-term Republican Congresswoman from Massachusetts’s 10th district and one of a handful of females currently serving in the U.S. Representatives, welcomes in those she calls her “potential co-workers.” Over twenty women are carefully arranged among the seats for the photo-op… Several female candidates are on the ballot this November… …Among these candidates one can find passionate activists, such as Democrat Bella Abzug, who is running for New York’s 19th District. However, many more of these candidates have impressive prior experience. Democrat Katherine Peden, who is running for Kentucky’s 3rd District, worked for the Johnson White House before serving as Kentucky’s Commissioner of Commerce from 1963 to 1967. Democrat Ella T. Grasso, who is running for Connecticut’s 6th District, has serves as her state’s Secretary of State since 1959. …Boston School Committee Chair Louise Day Hicks and state assemblywoman Millicent Fenwick seek to bring their experience and ideas to Washington at a time when the role of women in the workplace is a subject seemingly more sensitive than ever before…

– Tumbleweed Magazine, 8/30/1970 special issue

The September 4, 1970 Chilean Presidential election pitted 74-year-old independent candidate Jorge Alessandri, a controversial former President, against Salvador Allende of the Socialist Party, and Christian Democratic Party nominee, former Chile Senator and Chilean Ambassador to the US Radomiro Tomic, a progressive politician of Croatian descent.

Both the KGB and CIA poured money into Chile, making the election a bloodless proxy conflict of the Cold War. The CIA painted Allende as a man who would lead the country into an era of violence of repression. Additionally, under the Colonel’s order, the CIA directly supported Tomic’s candidacy due to his lack of controversy and his open praise of the US in recent years.

Out of 3.5 million votes cast, Tomic won by a plurality (and thus was confirmed by a Chile Congressional vote) of roughly 22,000 votes, with Allende coming in second place. Another failure for the Soviets.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014


Los Angeles (CA) – President Sanders’ birthday is not until Wednesday the 9th, but today he receives the greetings and offering of merry celebrations of reaching the milestone of his 80th birthday. The President is celebrating his birthday two days early to coincide with a political fundraiser attended by nearly 12,000 persons…

The Los Angeles Times, 9/7/1970


[pic: ]
"Sorry I couldn't find the plates and utensils, Mr. President."
"Aw, that's alright. We'll just use the napkins as flexible plates!"
"Anyone have something I can clean my hand with?"
"Use the tablecloth - we'll just use it as an oversized napkin!"

– President Sanders celebrates his 80th birthday with unidentified interns in a private party held at the White House, 9/9/1970

11 September 1970: On this day in history, Ford introduces the Pinto, a subcompact car; its three body styles will be manufactured and marketed in North America from 1971 to 1979; over 3million were produced over its nearly-8-year production run, outproducing the combined totals of its two biggest domestic rivals, the Vega (Chevrolet) and the Gremlin (AMC).


MI6 finally tracked down Manson and his cohorts to a section of land 150 km (150 miles) outside of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Religious leader Jim Jones had established a Peoples’ Temple community there at his ranch, The Oasis, in 1967 and had since then converted roughly 500 locals to live on the ranch and engage in their groups’ practices and customs. Shortly before the attempted assassination of the Beatles, Jones traveled to Brazil. Upon learning of this by visiting a Peoples’ Temple in California, Manson and company followed via plane.

At the Oasis, Jones oversaw a “rainbow family” where devotion to Jones was more important than skin color. When Manson arrived, he was reportedly “shocked” by the Oasis, racial diversity, but upon seeing how loyal they were to Jones, quickly justified “Jim’s crayon box” to his curious followers by telling them “these are the good ones. The ones who have seen the light and will join us in our fight against those who oppose the rebirth of the world.”

Manson soon convinced Jones that he and his motley crew had arrived because “the end-times [were] upon [them].” This worried Jones; on September 3, privately called his wife (still in the states due to being eight months pregnant with their latest child) to warn her to hide in their California home’s bomb shelter until she could travel down to Brazil.

Brazil’s Justice Department complied with international law and issued arrest warrants for Manson and his followers. On the morning of September 11, Brazilian and INTERPOL agents were driving to the Oasis with the intention to bring the suspects in for questioning.

At 30 feet away from the compound’s border, the motorcade of police cars received a barrage of bullets...

– Pat Sheffield’s Dreams, Reality, and Music: The Love Story of One Band and the Whole Entire World, Tumbleweed Publications, 2000

It wasn’t long before their reinforcements arrived. After one of the garbled something in Spanish through a bullhorn, they fired a series of “warning shots,” setting a portion of the south wing’s roof on fire. ...Manson was adamant that we all would be protected by God His Father, and taunted the stuffed uniforms through Jones’ compound speaker, telling then “You’ll never take us alive!” From the main watch tower, both Manson and Jones perused the scene unfolding – more police cars, then trucks, then tanks and helicopters. Jones predicted the unfolding confrontation would end in a decisive Manson-Jones victory on “this glorious site… a war worthy of scripture”; Manson concurred. …Meanwhile, the fire spread to the rest of the south wing of the compound...

The Fire Oasis: Our Recollections of The Mad Men of Brazil, collaborative work (multiple authors), Deodendro Publishers, 1982

…Reports are coming in that some sort of incident involving police is unfolding in Brazil. Smoke can be seen rising from some sort of compound several miles outside of the city of Belo Horizonte. Local authorities have declined to yet comment…

– BBC World News, 9/11/1970 report

Rounds and rounds of bullets propelled through the windows and into the walls. As he contributed to the spectacular but woefully one-sided gunfight, Manson loudly proclaimed, “The Messiah will never surrender!”

“Indeed!” Jones agreed as he attached another magazine to his weapon.

Slowly the officers wore the two men and their tower assistants down, the exchange of gunfire going on well into the night. Jones was becoming exhausted from the climate and the vigil depriving him of lack of sleep. As the first streaks of dawn began to break, there were only a few magazines left in the tower.

As Manson used the binoculars, Jones sat down on the floor and finally looked around the room. The barrage of bullets had ripped so many of his items apart, that he slumped over and began to quietly cry.

Hearing the tar-shedding, Manson sat down next to him while one of his diehard guards continued monitoring. Manson said “Do not lose faith, brother James.”

“But Charles, look at what they’ve done to my Oasis. This was my world, my vision for a better tomorrow. My dream! And now the bastards have gone and f@#ked it all… just…torn all up an’…” Jones put his hands to his face.

“Do not worry, I will lead us to victory over these pigs. I will save your Oasis as I will save humanity!”

“Wait, what are you talking about?” Jones looked at him inquisitively, “I am the savior of humanity!”

Manson’s eyes enlarged. “Blasphemer.” He dramatically stood up, “Everyone knows I am the second coming!”

“No, I am!” ones countered as he too got to his feet.

I am!” Manson insisted.

Quickly the shouts morphed into punches and the two men began violently wrestling with each other around the floor. Recognizing our moment to leave a sinking ship, the last of the disillusioned Jones followers and Jones followers hurried out the door, telling the still-loyal guards that they were going to look for more ammunition.

The last image witnessed by the last man to leave the room alive was Manson wildly swinging an empty AK-47 as an irate Jones charged him.

The Fire Oasis: Our Recollections of The Mad Men of Brazil, collaborative work (multiple authors), Deodendro Publishers, 1982

A small group of frightened and disillusioned followers dropped their guns, fled from the compound, and ultimately gave themselves up or were arrested in Belo Horizonte. According to the official reports and testimonies, at “around” 5:00 AM, Manson and Jones began arguing, possibly even physically roughhousing with one another; this explains the decrease in gunfire from the compound after 5:02 AM. Police took the lull in fire to charge the compound. The Charlie Team successfully broke through the second side entrance and headed for the main room, the source of the most gunfire and the last confirmed location of Manson and Jones. Several Manson followers still holding out tried and failed to repel the incoming law enforcement.

After ascending the tower staircase, the Beta Team tossed in a hand grenade before entering the room. Once in the team encountered the bewildered leaders Jones and Manson, having survived the grenade blast, attempting to compose themselves. Quickly, Manson reached for a rifle nearby. Even more quickly, a bullet sliced through his heart. Manson slumped to his knees, clutched his chest, and fell to the floor, the color quickly losing his face as the pierced artery discharged the man’s blood onto the floor. Before death took him, he uttered, “How dare you try to kill your Savior?”

“For the last time (crunch!) I am Jesus!” the delirious voice came from the other side of the room. While the drama of Manson’s death was keeping the attention of the soldiers, Jones had just enough time to find his cyanide pill, which, with the help of a mid-sentence bite, ended him before the officers could do anything.

– Pat Sheffield’s Dreams, Reality, and Music: The Love Story of One Band and the Whole Entire World, Tumbleweed Publications, 2000

…We can now confirm that Charles Manson, the ringleader of the would-be killers of the rock band The Beatles, has been killed in a firefight with law enforcement officials in Brazil. Among the dead is American religious leader Jim Jones…

– BBC World News, 9/11/1970 report


[pic: ]

[pic: ]

[pic: ]
– Top to Bottom: Smoke rises from the Oasis Ranch Compound near Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 9/11/1970; a member of the Manson family stumbles out of the building before collapsing from burns and bullet wounds, 9/11/1970; the remains of one of the buildings two days later, 9/13/1970

23 September 1970: The first women’s-only tennis tournament begins in Houston; known as the Houston Women’s Invitation, at occurring soon after the “Ms. Arkansas Scandal,” it is promoted (both at the time and for years afterward (sometimes even in recent years)) by some as a sign of positive social change and progress.


…In religious news, Pope Paul VI has named Saint Catherine of Siena as the official Doctor of the Church; she is only the second woman to receive this title…

– CBS Evening News, 9/29/1970 broadcast


Washington, DC – Debates over the health of America’s top leaders have pushed congress into action. With the President having just turned 80, Vice President Scranton recovering from a nasty stomach virus he caught over the summer, and US Senate leader Richard Russell in poor health, a step toward answering calls to “assure the continuation of government in any scenario” was achieved today. After talks about such a law began during the 1968 election campaign in the midst of health scares in both major party campaigns, the 26th Amendment was submitted to the states for approval at noon today. If approved by at least 38 states, the amendment will stipulate that a vacancy in the Vice-Presidency is to be filled with an appointee chosen by the President and approved of by a majority of the total Senators in office at the time of the vote. The amendment also clarifies that Acting Secretaries are not in the Presidential line of succession, and that all leadership vacancies in the House and Senate must be filled…

– The Washington Post, 10/1/1970


– The Miami Herald, 10/9/1970

In the general election, Reagan sought to avoid the mistakes of Max Rafferty, whose accusations that liberals “harbor immorality and corruption” had only rallied conservatives and populists while alienating liberals and moderates during the primary season. Nevertheless, Tim Leary called Reagan a “fascist” for opposing labor, shoutnik protests, and federally-regulated healthcare.

– David Pietrusza’s The Epic Campaigns of the 1970s, Scholastic, 2012

TOMMY CHONG: [tokes] “[exhales] We’re all prisoners of our own cages, man. You don’t like your job? Quit! Hate your wife? Dump her! We all have the power to make ourselves have great and happy lives if we just stopped to think of how to do so, man. But too many people are just too tired from work or too tired from family s#!t or are just lazy or whatever, and can’t find the time in the day to just sit down and use that power that um, uh, that we have in ourselves to, um, fix s#!t, um, uh, what was I talking about?”

TIM LEARY: “[exhale] Oh, hey, that was good, Chongo, hey, let me write that down, I-I want to use that in my campaign.”

TOMMY CHONG: “Sure, man, um, uh, what campaign?”

– Tape #157 of Yoko Ono’s collection of home movies, marked 10/12/1970

…Outraged at The Colonel for turning a blind eye to state and federal assaults on his civil liberties of the smoking variety, the leading Democratic and Republican candidates being far too conservative to actually do anything good for the Golden state, and the incumbent Governor’s latest anti-drug moves causing him to frequently visit Mexico to use recreadrugs with fear of being arrested, Leary touted himself as “the only candidate for peace and liberty.” The Original Kleptonian Neo-American Church (OKNeoAC) once again endorsed Leary after convincing the church’s hierarchy that he was not in fact full of “excessive horseshit” by laying out his four-year plan to boost the state’s economy by legalizing the marijuana production and distribution industries...



Sports Illustrated, 10/15/1970

Tim Leary’s platform is so overtly progressive that it makes the Democratic nominee even more conservative by comparison – which could actually help Unruh win over some Republican voters hesitant to vote for the conservative Ronald Reagan. Most polls show Leary is chipping into Unruh’s support, but only incrementally. The latest polls show Reagan at 45%, Unruh at 44%, and Leary at 2%, with a worrisome 8% still undecided.

– The San Diego Union-Tribune, 10/20/1970

Mr. President:

We are making inroads near Stung Trang, alongside the Mekong River. The natives around here are much more accommodating than in Vietnam... [snip] The journalists are naïve in the dangers here, but their reports are accurate. I have seen the carnage and I can only describe Pol Pot’s atrocities as that of a tropical holocaust of sorts. This is more obviously a war of liberation than Vietnam and Laos, and that I believe is instrumental to the moral among the men…

At your service,

Gen. Abrams

– Memo from Abrams to Sanders, 10/22/1970


The U.S. could have been first to put a woman up in space merely by deciding to do so. Way back in February 1960 a girl pilot named Jerrie Cobb successfully underwent the same grueling physical examination that the Mercury Astronauts had taken. By 1961, 12 other women had gone through the same battery of tests. All of them were experienced pilots with qualifications far more impressive than Valentina Tereshkova’s. Until Astronaut Alan Shepard made the first American flight in May of 1961, NASA steadfastly disclaimed any connection with woman-in-space training. Only then was Jerrie Cobb appointed to her job as a never-consulted consultant to NASA director James Webb. Even after her appointment, any training the ladies received was unofficial and due entirely to their own stubborn efforts. [5]

Cobb has been flying 20 years – since she was 12. She is an aircraft company executive in Oklahoma City, has won many flying awards and established four world’s records… Joining her in the fight to send women American astronauts to space is Trudy Cooper, a candidate for Congress married to retiring asronaut Gordon Cooper, as well as several women currently serving on Capitol Hill…

– Life Magazine, October 1970 issue

In the final month prior to the election, Reagan increased his campaign’s focus on distancing himself from Washington D.C., vowing to “restore honor to politics and to California,” [21] referring both to that year’s scandals involving GOP congressmen “making women uncomfortable,” as Reagan called it [22], and the incumbent Governor’s abysmal approval ratings [21]. Meanwhile, Unruh continued to run on his accomplishments while serving on the California state assembly from 1955 to 1969 [23], which included serving as State Assembly Speaker from 1961 to 1969 [24].

A pivotal moment in the Reagan campaign came in late October, when told off a heckler from the Natural Mind party [better citation needed]. The blunt reply was viewed as indicative of a strong-willed and determined man, and it appealed to anti-establishment voters:

[ youtube: ikqNvKJ9AKM ]


The Washington Times, 11/1/1970

United States Senate election results, 1970

Date: November 3, 1970
Seats: 34 of 100
Seats needed for majority: 51
Senate majority leader: Mike Mansfield (D-MT)
Senate minority leader: Barry Goldwater (R-AZ)
Seats before election: 51 (D), 48 (R), 1 (I) [6]
Seats after election: 55 (D), 44 (R), 1 (I)
Seat change: D ^ 4, R v 4

Full List:
Arizona: incumbent Barry Goldwater (R) over Renz L. Jennings (D)
California: incumbent Richard Nixon (R) over Tom Hayden (D) and Robert Scheer (NM)
Connecticut: incumbent Thomas J. Dodd (D) over Antonina P. Uccello (R)
Delaware: William Victor Roth Jr. (R) over Jacob Zimmerman (D)
Florida: Lawton Chiles (D) over G. Harrold Carswell (HIP), Raymond Claiborne Osborne (R) and Claude R. Kirk Jr. (Conservative)
Hawaii: incumbent Hiram L. Fong (R) over Cecil Heftel (D)
Illinois (special): Adlai Stevenson III (D) over incumbent appointee Ralph Tyler Smith (R)
Indiana: incumbent Vance Hartke (D) over Richard L. Roudebush (R)
Maine: incumbent Edmund S. Muskie (D) over Neil S. Bishop (R)
Maryland: Rogers Clark Ballard Morton (R) over Carlton R. Sickles (D) and incumbent James Glenn Beall (Independent Republican)
Massachusetts: incumbent Eunice Kennedy Shriver (D) over John Volpe (R) and Josiah A. Spaulding (Independent)
Michigan: George W. Romney (R) over incumbent Philip A. Hart (D)
Minnesota: Hubert Humphrey (D) over Clark MacGregor (R)
Mississippi: incumbent John C. Stennis (D) over William R. Thompson (I)
Missouri: incumbent Leonor Sullivan (D) over John Danforth (R) and Gene Chapman (HIP)
Montana: incumbent Mike Mansfield (D) over Harold E. Wallace (R)
Nebraska: Ted Sorensen (D) over incumbent Roman L. Hruska (R)
Nevada: incumbent Paul Laxalt (R) over Howard Cannon (D)
New Jersey: incumbent Harrison A. Williams Jr. (D) over Nelson G. Gross (R)
New Mexico: incumbent Joseph Montoya (D) over Anderson Carter (R)
New York: Paul O’Dwyer (D) over incumbent Kenneth B. Keating (R), James L. Buckley (Conservative) and Allard K. Lowenstein (Liberal/NM)
North Dakota: Arthur Albert Link (D) over incumbent Thomas S. Kleppe (R)
Ohio: John Glenn (D) over incumbent Robert A. Taft Jr. (R)
Pennsylvania: incumbent Hugh Scott (R) over William G. Sesler (D)
Rhode Island: incumbent John O. Pastore (D) over John McLaughlin (R)
Tennessee: incumbent Albert Gore Sr. (D) over Bill Brock (R)
Texas: Lloyd Bentsen (D) over John Connally (R) and Jack Carswell (HIP)
Utah: incumbent Frank E. Moss (D) over Laurence J. Burton (R) and Clyde B. Freeman (HIP)
Vermont: incumbent Winston L. Prouty (R) over Fiore L. Bove (D) and William H. Meyer (Liberty Union/Natural Mind)
Virginia: incumbent Harry F. Byrd (I) over George Rawlings (D) and Ray Garland (R)
Washington: incumbent Henry M. Jackson (D) over John Ehrlichman (R)
West Virginia: incumbent Robert C. Byrd (D) over Elmer H. Dodson (R)
Wisconsin: incumbent William Proxmire (D) over John E. Erickson (R)
Wyoming: incumbent John S. Wold (R) over Edness Kimball Wilkins (D)


…With the exception of incumbent Senators Leonor Sullivan and Eunice Kennedy-Shriver, no women won any of the Senate contests, though two Republican nominees, former state house speaker Edness Kimball Wilkins of Wyoming and Hartford Mayor Antonina Uccello of Connecticut, both came within a 1% margin of winning in their respective states...

– Walter Cronkite, CBS News, 11/3/1970

United States House of Representatives results, 1970

Date: November 3, 1970
Seats: All 437
Seats needed for majority: 218
House majority leader: Mo Udall (D-AZ)
House minority leader: Charles Halleck (R-IN)
Last election: 212 (D), 225 (R)
Seats won: 231 (D), 206 (R)
Seat change: D ^ 19, R v 19


…We now return to the latest House results. [pause] In South Dakota, Trudy Cooper, the wife of retiring astronaut Gordo Cooper, has been elected over incumbent Congressman E. Y. Berry of the state’s 2nd congressional district. Mr. Berry, a Republican, was running for a tenth term in office. Mrs. Cooper, a Democrat, has been a longtime activist for women’s rights, and she joins several other women winning public office tonight in what may be the electoral culmination of this year’s “women’s wave” of public debate over the rights of women and their roles in the workplace… Politically, the night's election results, while still unfortunate for the Republican Party, were not at all as poor for the GOP as initially expected earlier in the year... Our analysts believe the night's results are mostly due to party fatigue, after six years of a Republican White House...

– ABC News, 11/3/1970


…The 72-year-old Hollywood starlet, who nominated five times for an Oscar for a string of applauded performances during the 1930s, Dunne has also spent many years in the world of politics. Dunne served as an alternative US delegate to the UN in 1957 due to her interest in international affairs, and campaigned for Colonel Sanders in 1964 and 1968. A Roman Catholic Republican, she has consistently maintained close involvement in GOP causes after retiring from acting, and in 1965 became the first woman elected to the board of Directors of Technicolor. Dunne claims that the “success” of the Colonel’s Presidential bids inspired her to run for a California congressional seat. …Dunne did not discuss the fallout of the Ms. Arkansas Incident on the campaign trail, instead focusing on local issues and blaming her Democratic opponent of being “too removed from the real concerns of this district.”… Her victory was one of just a few Republican gains in both California and the nation…

The Los Angeles Times, 11/4/1970

ONE LAST HURRAY FOR PEACE AND EQUALITY: Jeanette Rankin Readies Her Final Return to Congress

At 90 years old, Jeannette Rankin was not content with retirement. After serving as a Congresswoman from 1917 to 1919 and again from 1941 to 1943, the ardent pacifist and women’s rights activist was inspired to run for Congress this year in the wake of several high-profile political scandals renewed calls for an Equal Rights Amendment.

…Fate seems to enjoy testing Rankin’s resolve. Roughly a month after becoming the first-ever female U.S. Representative, she became one of just 50 Representatives to vote against entering World War One. She was singled out for her vote, and it effectively ended her electoral career. Twenty years later, Rankin saw her lobbying endeavors were not enough to curb the calls to intervene militarily in Europe, and so ran for Congress again in 1940. Less than a year back in her old job, she once again faced criticism for her anti-war policy, this time for being the only person in either branch of Congress to vote against declaring war on Japan, declaring “As I woman I can’t go to war and I refuse to send anyone else.” And once again, her career in congress was over after just one two-year term.

…Now, her decades of activism has led to her winning the hearts of the peacenik community, and to her winning a third term to congress…

The Montana Standard, 11/4/1970 [7]

United States Governor election results, 1970

Date: November 3, 1970
State governorship elections held: 35
Seats before: 27 (D), 23 (R)
Seats after: 32 (D), 18 (R)
Seat change: D ^ 5, R v 5

Full List:
Alabama: George Wallace (D) over Bull Connor (I), Asa Carter (HIP) and Bert Nettles (R)
Alaska: Jay Hammond (R) over W. Eugene Guess (D) and Ralph M. Anderson (I)
Arizona: Raul Hector Castro (D) over incumbent Jack Williams (R) and Evan Mecham (HIP)
Arkansas: incumbent Winthrop Rockefeller (R) over Virginia Johnson (D)
California: Ronald Reagan (R) over Jesse Unruh (D), Tim Leary (NM) and Max Rafferty (HIP)
Colorado: incumbent John Arthur Love (R) over Mark Hogan (D) and Albert Gurule (Labor United/La Raza Unida)
Connecticut: Fiske Holcomb Ventres (R) over Attilio R. Frassinelli (D)
Florida: Louis Bafalis (R) over incumbent Verle Allyn Pope (D)
Georgia: Lester Maddox (D) over James Bentley (R) and Udolpho Sikes Underwood (I)
Hawaii: Thomas Ponce Gill (D) over Samuel Pailthorpe King (R)
Idaho: incumbent Charles Herndon (D) over Jack M. Murphy (R)
Iowa: Armour Boot (D) over incumbent Robert D. Ray (R)
Kansas: incumbent Robert Docking (D) over Kent Frizzell (R)
Maine: Peter N. Kyros (D) over James S. Erwin (R)
Maryland: Marvin Mandel (D) incumbent Spiro T. Agnew (R) and Robert Woods Merkle Sr. (HIP)
Massachusetts: Pierre Salinger (D) over Francis W. Sargent (R)
Michigan: Martha Griffiths (D) over William Milliken (R)
Minnesota: incumbent Coya Knutson (D) over Douglas M. Head (R)
Nebraska: J. James Exon (D) over Albert C. Walsh (R)
Nevada: Rex Bell Jr. (R) over Mike O’Callaghan (D) and Charles Springer (I)
New Hampshire: incumbent Harrison Reed Thyng (R) over Meldrim Thomson Jr. (HIP) and Roger J. Crowley (D)
New Mexico: Bruce King (D) over David F. Cargo (R) and John A. Salazar (Labor United/La Raza Unida)
New York: incumbent Mario Biaggi (D/C) over Steven Boghos Derounian (R), Arthur J. Goldberg (Liberal) and Norman Mailer (Natural Mind)
Ohio: Buz Lukens (R) over Robert E. Sweeney (D), Roger Cloud (IR) and Edward T. Lawton (HIP)
Oklahoma: David Hall (D) over incumbent Dewey F. Bartlett (R) and Reel Little (HIP)
Oregon: incumbent Tom McCall (R) over Bob Straub (D)
Pennsylvania: Milton Shapp (D) over Raymond Shafer (R) and Andrew J. Watson (Constitution)
Rhode Island: J. Joseph Garrahy (D) over John Chafee (R)
South Carolina: John West (D) over Albert Watson (R)
South Dakota: George S. McGovern (D) over incumbent Frank Farrar (R)
Tennessee: Frank G. Clement (D) over Winfield Dunn (R)
Texas: Waggoner Carr (D) over Roger Martin (R)
Vermont: incumbent Phil Hoff (D) over John S. Burgess (R)
Wisconsin: incumbent Patrick Lucey (D) over Jack B. Olson (R) and Georgia Cozzini (NM)
Wyoming: incumbent Teno Roncalio (D) over William H. Harrison (R)



Juneau, AK – State Senator Jay Hammond has won the state’s gubernatorial election over Democratic state House speaker W. Eugene Guess. …Taking a page out of the playbook of New Jersey Governor Frank X. McDermott, Hammond, 48, campaigned on an oil-based “Permanent Alaskan Dividend Fund.” …Hammond’s running mate was Hazel Heath, the Mayor of Homer, Alaska, since 1968. …In the wake of the Colonel-King scandals, Heath became more active in state circles, and is poised to become the first woman to serve the number-two spot in the Alaskan state government…

Anchorage Daily News, 11/3/1970

REAGAN PULLS OFF VICTORY: Defeats Unruh By 5% Margin; Leary Demands Recount After Winning 6% Despite Polling At 12% Yesterday

The Sacramento Union, 11/3/1970

“[Tim] Leary would have won more if his core supporters weren’t always so stoned off of their asses.”

– Barry Goldwater, c. 11/3/1970, possibly anecdotal


Atlanta, GA – In a clear and obvious rejection of the Republican Governor Calloway, Georgians tonight voted for a more conservative gubernatorial candidate. Businessman Lester Maddox had run on an ultra-conservative platform in the Democratic primary against former Governor Carl Sanders, which likely has put an end to Sanders’ rumored 1972 Presidential bid… Colonel Sanders is surely unhappy with Maddox winning, and that is making many Georgia Democrats smile with glee…

[ pic: ]
Governor-elect Maddox making the "victory" symbol at his victory ceremony held earlier tonight
– The Augusta Chronicle, Georgia newspaper, 11/3/1970


The Washington Times, 11/4/1970


…Katherine Peden, Bella Abzug, Ella T Grasso, Louise Day Hicks, Millicent Fenwick, and Trudy Cooper all won… Kathleen Z. Williams lost he bid for Indiana’s 5th district, as did Phyllis Schlafly in her bid for Illinois’ 23rd district, and Natalie Kimmel for California’s 28th district, but each still gave it their all. Nevertheless, they contributed to a historic moment in American history: these past midterm elections have produced the highest number of women ever elected to Congress at once…

– Tumbleweed Magazine, 11/3-9/1970 issue

“What matters now is working with the new batch of freshmen and the new Democratic majority majority in the House. I’m going to work to find common ground and get some more legislation done around here before the end of my term. I’m not going to have a lame chicken – uh, duck, a lame duck Presidency.”

– Colonel Sanders to reporters, 11/4/1970


Out of the total 482,145 votes cast, only 121 went to an independent candidate. The rest were split almost exactly even between Democratic nominee John Carl West and Republican nominee Albert Watson. Only .11% of the vote, or roughly 529 votes, separated Watson from victory. Watson, endorsed by the South Carolina chapter of the Heritage and Independence Party, has made clear that he doubts the election results, but has not so far suggested election tampering or fraud, instead stating “a discrepancy” may have occurred.

– The Post and Courier, South Carolina newspaper, 11/6/1970


…14 Democrats elected Governor (Raul Hector Castro of Arizona, Thomas Ponce Gill of Hawaii, Armour Boot of Iowa, Peter N. Kyros of Maine, Marvin Mandel of Maryland, Martha Griffiths of Michigan, J. James Exon of Nebraska, Bruce King of New Mexico, David Hall of Oklahoma, Milton Shapp of Pennsylvania, J. Joseph Garrahy of Rhode Island, George McGovern of South Dakota, Frank Goad Clement of Tennessee, and Waggoner Carr of Texas) and three Republicans elected Governor (Fiske Ventres of Connecticut, Rex Bell Jr. of Nevada, and Buz Lukens of Ohio)…

The Washington Times, 11/11/1970


As Ronald Reagan readies for the responsibilities of the Governorship of California, he follows the pathways of four fellow Hollywood figures – Governor John Davis Lodge, Congressman Wendell Corey, and former Congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas – in his shift from the stage and screen to the seat of a major national office. With Shirley Temple Black serving as an Ambassador, and Irene Dunne being elected to Congress this month, one has to wonder about the hows and whys of this phenomenon of actors turning to politics. One could suggest this to be the start of a trend, a new wave of politics, or simply a unique part of our times as the world of entertainment has shifted from trips out to theaters to less expensive visits to drive-ins to the privacy of our own homes. …One San Francisco-based academic explains that “it is actually very easy for such a phenomenon to occur due to the similarities found in both professions. Both the actors and politicians of the modern age are constantly in the public spotlight. Surrounded by cameras, they must look aesthetically pleasing, be comfortable in large crowds and speaking in front of recording equipment, and remember long speeches to perform for an audience without major incident.” …Another historian from Sacramento, however, suggests that electing “non-politicians” is “a way of the populace to reject a perceived sense of bureaucratic control over an institution meant to work for the common voter.” This notion would be especially applicable to this November’s midterms, which were not too friendly to the incumbent party… It is my opinion that voting for potential leaders based more on their name recognition and charismatic appearance, rather than where they stand on key issues, is a misstep. As such, I urge all voters to think wisely and carefully about whom they vote for whenever the time comes to enter that booth and participate in our democratic process.

– Opinion article, Associated Press, 11/22/1970

…On November 25, Thurman Munson was named Rookie of the Year over several contenders including fellow Yankee Don Trump. Trump, in his first major public incident of controversial rabble-rousing, claimed the vote was “crooked,” when the reality of the situation was that Munson had a far more impressive record, and had improved greatly since first signing onto the team...


…Baseball’s Louisville Colonels, founded in 1969, should not be confused with the basketball team formed in 1967 called the Kentucky Colonels…

– John Helyar’s Lords of the Realm: The Real History of Baseball, Ballantine Books, 1994

In late November, Lyndon confided in Bobby Baker that he would not run for President in 1972, and instead focus on re-election to the Senate that year. Despite the vulnerability of Republicans and Lyndon’s legacy improving, the former President was tired. “I thinks he wouldn’t survive the stresses of another run,” Baker would later write to a friend, “and he knows that he is so much more powerful and influential in the Senate than he could be as a President confined to one term.”

– Robert Caro’s The Years of Lyndon: Book Six: The Post-Presidency Years, A. A. Knopf Inc., 2018

Pres. Meets With Leaders of Push to Send American Women Into Space

Washington, D.C. – by John Noble Wilford

…The Colonel sat down with Jerrie Cobb, 39-year-old aviator from Oklahoma and part of a private non-NASA program held in the early 1960s, where a group of Cobb and 12 other women selected to undergo physiological screening tests concurrent with the original Mercury 7 astronauts’ tests… Afterward, Sanders met with a caucus of Congresswomen that included Representative-elect Trudy Cooper, whom are pushing for NASA Director James Webb to allow for women to become astronauts…

– The New York Times, 12/1/1970


– The Greenville News, South Carolina newspaper, 12/3/1970

“We will begin accepting women candidates for a new program at the start of the new year.”

– James E. Webb, in an official NASA statement after discussions with President Sanders, 12/9/1970

Dad met with Elvis in the White House many times; I think Dad was the favorite of the two Colonels in Elvis’ life. After meeting with Alice Cooper, though, the meetings happened more often. Both men seemed uneasy over the changing youth scene, especially Elvis, who was much more critical of the latest bands than Dad.

During one lunch at the White House that I got to sit in on, I listened to a heated discussion over the best way to make Fool’s Gold Loaf, a three-pound favorite of Elvis consisting of an Italian bread loaf stuffed with bacon, peanut butter, and grape jelly. On another occasion, Dad personally prepared a course of Elvis’ favorite foods – peanut-butter-and-banana sandwiches, barbeque chicken bites, fried dill pickles, and finally, sour cream pound cake; naturally, Elvis found it delicious.

Of course, they also discussed the more somber elements of the politico-musical scene, such as the near-murder of the Beatles. During that discussion, Elvis noted “It was a real shame what happened to that Paul guy,” to which Dad responded with “I was thinking of inviting them here. You know, show them a better version of American hospitality and all that sort of thing.”

“Not too bad an idea, Colonel.” Was the King’s reply.


[pic: ]

– Margaret Sanders’ The Colonel’s Secret: Eleven Herbs and a Spicy Daughter, StarGroup International, 1997

The Vietnam War
(1957-1967), less commonly known as The War in Vietnam, was an armed conflict involving Vietnam, the US, the USSR, and France, along with China, Laos, and others. …Despite the US presence in Vietnam since 1957, the conflict did not become a “major” issue for the US until early 1963, when US President Lyndon B. Johnson sent advisory troops there after talks with his cabinet. An attack on the US embassy led to the US unofficially declaring war on North Vietnam in July 1963, leading to a steady rise in troop deployments to South Vietnam. Casualties quickly began to mount on the US’s side due to their inability to properly understand the Viet Kong’s fighting style. The situation worsened for the US as the year 1964 continued, contributing to President Johnson losing a re-election bid in November 1964. His successor, President Harland “Colonel” Sanders, re-analyzed the situation, culminating in a successful invasion of North Vietnam in early 1967, which capitulated the Communist government in Hanoi…. With the war officially over, “Vietnamization” ended when the last of America’s troops left the now-united nation in December 1970. …Defenders of Lyndon Johnson claim his attention was divided between Vietnam, Cuba, and re-election…. US President Sanders’ military success has created “a very common misunderstanding” that the Colonel was an experienced military person of that rank, when actually, Sanders was an Honorary Colonel.


The December 1970 talks with President Arias, Vice President Torrijos, US Secretary of State Curtis and the US Ambassador to Panama saw the outline of an agreement be agreed to; the agreement would stipulate that the US would hand over control of the Panama Canal to the Panamanians in 1979 in exchange for U.S. preference in Panamanian markets via trade deal.

Conservatives in the U.S., already hurt by the drop in representation that follow the 1970 midterms, openly opposed the talks, with Senator Cotton claiming “giving them our canal would be an insult to the Americans who built it.” Governor-elect of California Ronald Reagan added to the opposition by stating “We built it, we own it, it’s ours!”

– Ashley Carse’s Beyond the Big Ditch: Politics, Ecology, and Infrastructure at the Panama Canal, MIT Press, 2014

Albert Watson, Self-Described Governor-Elect, Announces Early A Bid For A Congressional Seat

– The Spartanburg Herald-Journal, South Carolina newspaper, 12/12/1970

“I’m 79 and tired. I’m retiring.”

– Chief Justice Warren, 12/13/1970


After failing to retire in late 1964 in order to allow Johnson to appoint a temporary liberal successor during the winter recess due to Republican threats of retribution, Warren begrudgingly stayed on the bench... Sanders is expected to announce a nominee for the position of Chief Justice, head judge of the country, in the following weeks, but “after celebrating New Year’s,” according to Press Secretary Charlotte Reid. Warren will remain in office until his successor has been confirmed...

National Review, special mid-December 1970 issue


[pic: ]
– After a long day of festivities, President Sanders falls asleep at the White House, 12/25/1970

1) The woman at the center of it all. The courage that Ms. [LOADING ERROR], a.k.a. "Ms. Arkansas," displayed when coming forward allowed the Ms. Arkansas Scandal to become a watershed moment.
2) Republican overreaction. While the Democratic Party of the 1960s remained so calm during their own scandals that they practically swept themselves under the rug, Senators such as Norris Cotton and Richard Nixon were too quick to deny the Colonel-King allegations, with Nixon going so far as to criticize the media for even covering them. This attitude prompted journalists to continue their focus on the scandals and investigate further, and inspired an entire generation of Americans to pursue the truth.
3) Television. The device that had made the Colonel a household name also lead to his (albeit temporary) fall from grace, as technology allowed for information to spread faster than Congress could respond to it.
4) Sanders’ own handling of the allegations. By openly admitting to his “past misdeeds,” Americans seeing the President “admit to it” had polarizing opinions - some were proud of their President for his honesty, others saw the same thing as a detriment that made America weak on the geopolitical stage - continuing national discussions on workplace impropriety in a more open manner.
5) The changing of the times. The scandal ended up eclipsing with the height of the Women’s Liberation Movement. The anti-war counterculture movement of the early 1960s led to women calling for equality and fairness during the mid-to-late 1960s, and this was the platform that elevated Ms. [LOADING ERROR] to the front page of newspapers across the country. Local politicians and congresspersons such as Mo Udall and Jean Kennedy-Smith were aware that the Colonel, ironically, had won the woman’s vote in 1964 and 1968 by wide margins, and the Colonel's reported support of serious investigations into the allegations that succeeded his (possibly in the hopes of winning over female voters ahead of the 1970 and 1972 elections), allowed him to survive the scandal at a time when patriarchal social norms were being stripped away to reveal the bare truth that is the extent of misogyny in America.

Women's Magazine, 2020 online article

[1] Italicized part is an edited version of a passage found on page 17 of this pdf:
[2] Paraphrase from Cosby’s OTL wiki page
[3] Quotes found here are edited versions of the quotes and information found in a short-but-detailed interview here:
[4] Paraphrase from snippet found on Cohn’s wiki page.
[5] Actually, these Italicized pieces are from here:
[6] The Independent Senator is Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (like IOTL)
[7] Okay, so this may not actually be that far-fetched because IOTL, she was considering another bid for public office in 1973, when she was 93 years old, at least according to this source:,-Jeannette-(R000055)/
E.T.A. of the next update: August 15.
Last edited:


“Wait, what are you talking about?” Jones looked at him inquisitively, “I am the savior of humanity!”

Manson’s eyes enlarged. “Blasphemer.” He dramatically stood up, “Everyone knows I am the second coming!”
I go down to Speaker's Corner I'm thunderstruck
They got free speech, tourists, police in trucks
Two men say they're Jesus, one of them must be wrong

--Dire Straits, _Industrial Disease_ 1982
Seems like a turbulent time for the Colonel, but also a time of amazing change in America.

How is Canada, Australia, UK etc reacting to the Female movement and civil rights generally? UK esp has lots of skeletons regarding civil rights and minorities esp with Powell around.

Nice chapter.
This timeline needs a TVTropes page (if the Face The Storm TL on Chat has a page--BTW, don't read that one if you don't want to be freaked out by a TL; that TL is the only one on this board that creeped me out (and I've read the Fear, Loathing, and Gumbo TL and the What Madness is This? TL))...
Damn Ronald Reagan with the comeback!

Do you plan to continue this TL after the Colonel is out of office?

I've been contemplating this for a while. I want to get to the end of the 70s at the very least to depict at least some of the longer-term effects of the Colonel Presidency, but from there onward, I'm not too sure (though I do have notes - a skeletal draft of unofficial ideas, especially after 1990 - that go up to the current year).

Seems like a turbulent time for the Colonel, but also a time of amazing change in America.

How is Canada, Australia, UK etc reacting to the Female movement and civil rights generally? UK esp has lots of skeletons regarding civil rights and minorities esp with Powell around.

Nice chapter.


Well Canada's newest government is seeing texts of the movement via the currently-title-less teen-mom/child-separation scandal. I'll cover how the Ms. Ark Movement is effecting Australia and the UK in the next chapter. Jellicoe and Lambton will be discussed, but is there anything else or anything specific I should include?

Thanks for the compliment!

This timeline needs a TVTropes page (if the Face The Storm TL on Chat has a page--BTW, don't read that one if you don't want to be freaked out by a TL; that TL is the only one on this board that creeped me out (and I've read the Fear, Loathing, and Gumbo TL and the What Madness is This? TL))...


If we have counterculture, feminism, equal rights, civil rights, etc all coming at the same time some notes on the effect in tv, music, literature and fashion would be nice please.

I know you do this already, but the #metoo style events should change such things beyond OTL - esp the depiction of women, minorities etc on TV. Female astronauts in sci-fi or black leads on screen.

Will do.

That reminds me of the Mary Tyler Moore Show. Already ground breaking in showing Mary as a single working woman in something other than a secretarial rule, I expect that she might rise faster in the area of news casting in news reporting. Although on the other hand, her relationship with Mr Grant was really wonderful and I don't recall (though I was quite young) ever seeing any sort of sexual overtones so that will probably stay the same. In fact, you might see Mr Grant held as a symbol of how to be a professional male leader.

Great ideas!

Well, at least those two nutballs died as they lived: spewing bullshit about their delusions to the last second.

Last edited:
If we have counterculture, feminism, equal rights, civil rights, etc all coming at the same time some notes on the effect in tv, music, literature and fashion would be nice please.

I know you do this already, but the #metoo style events should change such things beyond OTL - esp the depiction of women, minorities etc on TV. Female astronauts in sci-fi or black leads on screen.
That reminds me of the Mary Tyler Moore Show. Already ground breaking in showing Mary as a single working woman in something other than a secretarial rule, I expect that she might rise faster in the area of news casting in news reporting. Although on the other hand, her relationship with Mr Grant was really wonderful and I don't recall (though I was quite young) ever seeing any sort of sexual overtones so that will probably stay the same. In fact, you might see Mr Grant held as a symbol of how to be a professional male leader.
Here’s a little something to hold y’all over until next week’s update – enjoy!:

World Leaders from the countries discussed the most in this TL so far (1961-1971)​

7/21/1957-11/18/1965: 13) John George Diefenbaker (Progressive Conservative-SK)
April 8, 1963: Diefenbaker (PC) over Lester B. Pearson (Liberal), Robert Thompson (Social Credit) and Tommy Douglas (New Democracy)
11/18/1965-12/17/1969: 14) Paul Theodore Hellyer (L-ON)
November 8, 1965: Hellyer (L) over John Diefenbaker (PC), Tommy Douglas (ND), Réal Caouette (Ralliement créditiste) and Robert N. Thompson (SC)
12/17/1969-TBD: 15) Robert Lorne Stanfield (PC-NS)
December 1, 1969: Stanfield (PC) over Paul Hellyer (L), Tommy Douglas (Progressive Tomorrow ("Progressive") – new party (merger of ND and SC)) and Réal Caouette (Rc)

3/20/1943-TBD: Chairman: Mao Tse-Tung (Communist)
4/16/1969-TBD: Vice-Chairman: Zhou Enlai (Communist)

9/17/1961-7/24/1966: Jose Miro Cardona (non-partisan/Independent)
7/24/1966-TBD: Rufo Lopez-Fresquet (Conservative)

1966: Lopez-Fresquet over Pepe San Roman (Stability) and Carlos Prio Socarras (New Authority)

1963-1971: Juan Bosch (PRD)
1962: Bosch over Viriato Fiallo (NCU) and Alfonso Moreno Martinez (PSCR)
1966: Bosch over Joaquin Balaguer (PR) and Virgilio Maynardi Reyna (PDRN)
1971-TBD: Juan Isidro Jimenez Grullon (SDA)
1970: Grullon over Francisco Lora (PRD)

8 Jan 1959 – 16 Jan 1965: 18) Charles de Gaulle (Union for the New Republic (UNR))
21 Dec 1958 (no runoff needed): de Gaulle over George Marrane (French Communist Party (PCF)) and Albert Chatelet (Union of the Democratic Forces (UFD))
16 Jan 1965 – 7 Mar 1965: Acting) Alain Poher (Popular Republican Movement (MRP))
7 Mar 1965 – TBD: 19) Francois Mitterrand (Convention of Republican Institutions (CIR)), Unified Socialist Party after 1 May 1965)

14 Feb 1965 (1st round): Mitterrand over Charles de Gaulle (UNR), Jean Lecanuet (Popular Republican Movement (MRP)), Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour (Miscellaneous far right (DVED)), Pierre Marcilhacy (European Liberal Party (PLE)) and Marcel Barbu (Miscellaneous left (DVG))
28 Feb 1965 (2nd round): Francois Mitterrand (FGDS) over Charles de Gaulle (UNR)

GREECE (Prime Ministers)
5/17/1958-9/20/1961: Konstantinos Karamanlis (ERE)
1958: Karamanlis (ERE) over Ioannis Passalidis (EDA) and Sofoklis Venizelos (Liberal)
9/20/1961-11/4/1961: Konstantinos Dovas (Independent)
11/4/1961-6/18/1963: Konstantinos Karamanlis (ERE)

1961: Karamanlis (ERE) over Georgios Papandreou (EK) and Ioannis Passalidis (PAME)
6/18/1963-11/8/1963: Panagiotis Pipinelis (ERE)
11/8/1963-6/10/1965: Georgios Papandreou (EK)

1963: Papandreou (EK) over Karamanlis (ERE) and Ioannis Passalidis (PAME)
6/10/1965-6/22/1965: Ilias Tsirimokos (Independent)
6/22/1965-TBD: Grigoris Lambrakis (EK/EDA alliance)

1965: Lambrakis (EK/EDA) over Panagiotis Kanellopoulos (ERE)
1969: Lambrakis (EK/EDA) over Konstantinos Karamanlis (ND), Andreas Papandreou (PASOK) and Ilias Iliou (EA)

THE U.K. (Prime Ministers)
10 Jan 1957 – 18 Oct 1963: Harold Macmillan (Conservative)
1959: Macmillan over Hugh Gaitskell (Labour) and Jo Grimond (Liberal)
18 Oct 1963 – 27 Aug 1965: Alec Douglas-Home (C)
1964: Douglas-Home over Harold Wilson (Labour) and Jo Grimond (Liberal)
27 Aug 1965 – 15 May 1968: George Brown (Labour)
1965: Brown over Douglas-Home (C) and Jo Grimond (Liberal)
15 May 1968 – 10 Oct 1968: John Stonehouse (Labour)
10 Oct 1968 – 3 Dec 1968: Michael Foot (Labour)
3 Dec 1968 – TBD: Enoch Powell (C)

1968: Powell over Jeremy Thorpe (Liberal) and Michael Foot (Labour)

1/20/1961-1/20/1965: 35) Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic-TX)
VP: 37) Hubert H. Humphrey Jr. (D-MN)

1960: Johnson/Humphrey over Richard Nixon/Walter Judd (Republican)
1/20/1965-TBD: 36) Harland D. “Colonel” Sanders (R-KY)
VP: 38) William Scranton (R-PA)

1964: Sanders/William Scranton (R), Lyndon Johnson/Hubert Humphrey (D), John M. Patterson/C. Farris Bryant (Heritage and Independence Party)
1968: Sanders/Scranton (R), JFK/Grant Sawyer (D)

14 Oct 1953 – 5 Feb 1963: Nikita Khrushchev (Communist)
5 Feb 1963 – 10 Dec 1968: Alexander Shelepin (C)
10 Dec 1968 – 21 Apr 1969: Gen. Aleksi Inauri (C)
21 Apr 1969 – TBD: Alexei Kosygin (C)

3/5/1967-6/2/1969: Nguyen Khanh (Unity)
6/2/1969-TBD: Nguyen Xuan Oanh (Unity)

1970: Oanh over Phan Huy Quat (Peace) and Nguyen Ngoc Loan (Order)

US Senators in this TL (1/1/1961-1/5/1971)​

US Senators from Alabama’s Class 2 Seat
1946-TBD: John J. Sparkman (Democratic) – incumbent
1946 (special election): unopposed
1948: Paul Parsons (Republican)
1954: J. Foy Guin Jr. (R)
1960: Julian E. Elgin (R)
1966: John Grenier (R)
US Senators from Alabama’s Class 3 Seat
1938-1963: J. Lister Hill (D) – lost re-nomination, then lost re-election as an independent
1938 (sp): unopposed
1938: J. M. Pennington (R)
1944: John A. Posey (R)
1950: John G. Crommelin Jr. (Independent)
1956: unopposed
1963-TBD: James D. Martin (R) – incumbent
1962: John G. Crommelin Jr. (D) and J. Lister Hill (I)
1968: John M. Patterson (Heritage & Independence) and James Allen (D)

US Senators from Alaska’s Class 2 Seat
1959-1968: Bob Bartlett (D) – died
1958 (sp): R. E. Robertson (R)
1960: Lee L. McKinley (R)
1966: Lee L. McKinley (R)
1968-1970: Ted Stevens (R) – appointee; lost election
1970-TBD: Mike Gravel (D) – incumbent
1969 (sp): Ted Stevens (R)
US Senators from Alaska’s Class 3 Seat
1959-TBD: Ernest Gruening (D) – incumbent
1958 (sp): Mike Stepovich (R)
1962: Ted Stevens (R)
1968: Elmer E. Rasmuson (R)

US Senators from Arizona’s Class 1 Seat
1953-TBD: Barry Goldwater Sr. (R) – incumbent
1952: Ernest McFarland (D)
1958: Ernest McFarland (D)
1964: Roy Elson (D)
1970: Renz L. Jennings (D)
US Senators from Arizona’s Class 3 Seat
1927-1969: Carl Hayden (D) – retired
1926: Ralph H. Cameron (R)
1932: Ralph H. Cameron (R)
1938: Burt H. Clingan (R)
1944: Fred Wildon Fickett Jr. (R)
1950: Bruce Brockett (R)
1956: Ross F. Jones (R)
1962: Evan Mecham (R)
1969-TBD: Paul Fannin (R) – incumbent
1968: Roy Elson (D)

US Senators from Arkansas’s Class 2 Seat
1943-TBD: John L. McClellan (D) – incumbent
1942: unopposed
1948: R. Walter Tucker (I)
1954: unopposed
1960: unopposed
1966: unopposed
US Senators from Arkansas’s Class N Seat
1945-TBD: J. William Fulbright (D) – incumbent
1944: Victor M. Wade (R)
1950: Unopposed
1956: Ben Henley (R)
1962: Kenneth Jones (R)
1968: Charles T. Bernard (R)

US Senators from California’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1964: Clair Engle (D) – died
1958: Goodwin Knight (R)
1964-1965: Alan Cranston (D) – appointee; lost election
1965-TBD: Richard Nixon (R) – incumbent
1964: Alan Cranston (D)
1970: Tom Hayden (D) and Robert Scheer (Natural Mind)
US Senators from California’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1953: Richard Nixon (R) – resigned for higher office
1950: Helen Gahagan Douglas (D)
1953-TBD: Thomas Kuchel (R) – appointee; incumbent
1954 (sp): Sam Yorty (D)
1956: Richard Richards (D)
1962: Richard Richards (D)
1968: Anthony C. Beilsenson (D) and Paul Jacobs (NM)

US Senators from Colorado’s Class 2 Seat
1955-TBD: Gordon L. Allott (R) – incumbent
1954: John A. Carroll (D)
1960: Robert L. Knous (D)
1966: Byron Johnson (D) and Henry Olshaw (HIP)
US Senators from Colorado’s Class 3 Seat
1957-1963: John A. Carroll (D) – lost re-election
1956: Dan Thornton (R)
1963-TBD: Peter H. Dominick (R) – incumbent
1962: John A. Carroll (D)
1968: Stephen L. R. McNichols (D) and Gordon G. Barnwall (HIP)

US Senators from Connecticut’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Thomas J. Dodd (D) – incumbent
1958: William A. Purtell (R)
1964: John Davis Lodge (R)
1970: Antonina P. Uccello (R)
US Senators from Connecticut’s Class 3 Seat
1963-TBD: Abraham Ribicoff (D) – incumbent
1962: Horace Seely-Brown Jr. (R)
1968: Edwin H. May Jr. (R)

US Senators from Delaware’s Class 1 Seat
1947-1970: John J. Williams (R) – retired
1946: James M. Tunnell Sr. (D)
1952: A. I. DuPont Bayard (D)
1958: Elbert N. Carvel (D)
1964: Elbert N. Carvel (D)
1970-TBD: William Victor Roth Jr. (R) – incumbent
1970: Jacob Zimmerman (D)
US Senators from Delaware’s Class 2 Seat
1961-TBD: J. Caleb Boggs (R) – incumbent
1960: J. Allen Frear Jr. (D)
1966: James M. Tunnell Jr. (D)

US Senators from Florida’s Class 1 Seat
1946-1971: Spessard Holland (D) – appointee; retired
1946: J. Harry Schad (R)
1952: unopposed
1958: Leland Hyzer (R)
1964: Claude R. Kirk Jr. (R)
1971-TBD: Lawton Chiles (D) – incumbent
1970: G. Harrold Carswell (HIP), Raymond Claiborne Osborne (R) and Claude R. Kirk Jr. (Conservative)
US Senators from Florida’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1969: George Smathers (D) – lost re-election
1950: John P. Booth (R)
1956: Unopposed
1962: Emerson Rupert (R)
1969-TBD: William Cato “Bill” Cramer Sr. (R) – incumbent
1968: George A. Smathers (D) and C. Farris Bryant (HIP)

US Senators from Georgia’s Class 2 Seat
1933-TBD: Richard Russell Jr. (D) – incumbent
1933 (sp): unopposed
1936: unopposed
1942: LeVert Dwyer Shivers (I)
1948: Larkin Marshall (I)
1954: unopposed
1960: unopposed
1966: J. B. Stoner (HIP)
US Senators from Georgia’s Class 3 Seat
1957-1963: Herman E. Talmadge (D) – lost re-nomination, then lost re-election as an independent
1956: unopposed
1963-TBD: John William Davis (D) – incumbent
1962: Herman Talmadge (I)
1968: E. Earl Patton (R)

US Senators from Hawaii’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Hiram Fong (R) – incumbent
1959 (sp): unopposed
1964: Thomas Ponce Gill (D)
1970: Cecil Heftel (D)
US Senators from Hawaii’s Class 3 Seat
1959-1963: Oren E. Long (D) – retired
1959 (sp): unopposed
1963-TBD: Daniel Inouye (D) – incumbent
1962: Ben Dillingham (R)
1968: Wayne C. Thiessen (R) and Oliver M. Lee (Natural Mind)

US Senators from Idaho’s Class 2 Seat
1949-1962: Henry Dworshak (R) – appointee; died
1950 (sp): Claude J. Burtenshaw (D)
1954: Glen H. Taylor (D)
1960: R. F. “Bob” Mclaughlin (D)
1962-1963: Len Jordan (R) – appointee; lost election
1963-1964: Gracie Pfost (D) – resigned for health reasons
1962 (sp): Len Jordan (R)
1964-TBD: Len Jordan (R) – appointee; incumbent
1964 (sp): Vernon K. Smith (D)
1966: Ralph Harding (D)
US Senators from Idaho’s Class 3 Seat
1957-TBD: Frank Church (D) – incumbent
1956: Herman Welker (R)
1962: Jack Hawley (R)
1968: George V. Hansen (R)

US Senators from Illinois’s Class 2 Seat
1949-TBD: Paul Douglas (D) – incumbent
1948: Charles W. Brooks (R)
1954: Joseph T. Meek (R)
1960: Samuel W. Witwer (R)
1966: Lawrence J. S. “Lar” Daly (R) and Robert Sabonjian (HIP)
US Senators from Illinois’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1969: Everett Dirksen (R) – died
1950: Scott W. Lucas (D)
1956: Richard Stengel (D)
1962: Sidney R. Yates (D)
1968: William G. Clark (D)
1969-1970: Ralph Tyler Smith (R) – appointee; lost election
1970-TBD: Adlai Stevenson (D) – incumbent
1970 (sp): Ralph Tyler Smith (R)

US Senators from Indiana’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Vance Hartke (D) – incumbent
1958: Harold W. Handley (R)
1964: Russell Bontrager (R)
1970: Richard Roudebush (R)
US Senators from Indiana’s Class 3 Seat
1945-1963: Homer E. Capehart (R) – lost re-election
1944: Henry F. Schricker (D)
1950: Alex Campbell (D)
1956: Claude R. Wickard (D)
1963-TBD: Birch Bayh (D) – incumbent
1962: Homer E. Capehart (R)
1968: William Ruckelshaus (R)

US Senators from Iowa’s Class 2 Seat
1961-TBD: Jack Miller (R) – incumbent
1960: Herschel C. Loveless (D)
1966: E. B. Smith (D) and Robert D. Dilley (HIP)
US Senators from Iowa’s Class 3 Seat
1945-1965: Bourke Blakemore Hickenlooper (R) – resigned for higher office
1944: Guy Gillette (D)
1950: Albert J. Loveland (D)
1956: R. M. Evans (D)
1962: E. B. Smith (D)
1965-1967: Henry Oscar Talle (R) – appointee; lost election
1967-TBD: Harold Hughes (D) – incumbent
1966: Henry Oscar Talle (R)
1968: David M. Stanley (R)

US Senators from Kansas’ Class 2 Seat
1949-1962: Andrew F. Schoeppel (R) – died
1948: George McGill (D) and C. Floyd Hester (Prohibition)
1954: George McGill (D) and David C. White (Prohibition)
1960: Frank Theis (D)
1962-TBD: James B. Pearson (R) – appointee; incumbent
1962 (sp): Paul L. Aylward (D)
1966: George W. Snell (HIP), James Floyd Breeding (D) and Earl Dodge (Prohibition)
US Senators from Kansas’ Class 3 Seat
1950-1969: Frank Carlson (R) – retired
1950 (sp): Paul Aiken (D)
1950: Paul Aiken (D) and Verne L. Damon (Prohibition)
1956: George Hart (D)
1962: K. L. Smith (D)
1969-TBD: Bob Dole (R) – incumbent
1968: William I. Robinson (D)

US Senators from Kentucky’s Class 2 Seat
1952-1955: John Sherman Cooper (R) – lost re-election
1952 (sp): Thomas R. Underwood (D)
1955-1956: Alben W. Barkley (D) – died
1954: John Sherman Cooper (R)
1956-1956: James Stephen Golden (R) – interim appointee; retired
1956-TBD: John Sherman Cooper (R) – incumbent
1956: Lawrence W. Wetherby (D)
1960: Keen Johnson (D)
1966: Gaines P. Wilson (D)
US Senators from Kentucky’s Class 3 Seat
1950-1957: Earle Clements (D) – lost re-election
1950: Charles I. Dawson (R)
1957-TBD: Thruston Morton (R) – incumbent
1956: Earle C. Clements (D)
1962: Wilson W. Wyatt (D)
1968: John Y. Brown Jr. (D)

US Senators from Louisiana’s Class 2 Seat
1937-TBD: Allen J. Ellender (D) – incumbent
1936: unopposed
1942: unopposed
1948: unopposed
1954: unopposed
1960: George W. Reese Jr. (R)
1966: unopposed
US Senators from Louisiana’s Class 3 Seat
1948-TBD: Russell B. Long (D) – incumbent
1948 (sp): Clem S. Clarke (R)
1950: Charles S. Gerth (R)
1956: unopposed
1962: Taylor W. O’Hearn (R)
1968: unopposed

US Senators from Maine’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Ed Muskie (D) – incumbent
1958: Frederick G. Payne (R)
1964: Clifford McIntire (R)
1970: Neil S. Bishop (R)
US Senators from Maine’s Class 2 Seat
1949-TBD: Margaret Chase Smith (R) – incumbent
1948: Adrian H. Scolten (D)
1954: Paul A. Fullam (D)
1960: Lucia M. Cormier (D)
1966: Elmer H. Violette (D)

US Senators from Maryland’s Class 1 Seat
1953-1971: James Glenn Beall (R) – lost re-nomination, then lost re-election as an indepedent
1952: George P. Mahoney (D)
1958: Thomas D’Alesandro (D)
1964: Joseph D. Tydings (D)
1971-TBD: Rogers Clark Ballard Morton (R) – incumbent
1970: Carlton R. Sickles (D) and James Glenn Beall (Independent Republican)
US Senators from Maryland’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1963: John Marshall Butler (R) – retired
1950: Millard E. Tydings (D)
1956: George P. Mahoney (D)
1963-1969: Daniel J. Brewster (D) – lost re-election
1962: Edward T. Miller (R)
1969-TBD: Charles Mathias Jr. (R) – incumbent
1968: Daniel J. Brewster (D) and George P. Mahoney (HIP)

US Senators from Massachusetts’ Class 1 Seat
1953-1961: John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy (D) – resigned for higher office
1952: Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (R)
1958: Vincent Celeste (R)
1961-1962: Benjamin Smith (D) – appointee; retired
1962-TBD: Eunice Kennedy-Shriver (D) – incumbent
1962 (sp): George Cabot Lodge II (R) and H. Stuart Hughes (I)
1964: Howard Whitmore Jr. (R)
1970: John Volpe (R) and Josiah A. Spaulding (Independent)
US Senators from Massachusetts’ Class 2 Seat
1945-1967: Leverett Saltonstall (R) – retired
1944 (sp): John H. Corcoran (D)
1948: John I. Fitzgerald (D)
1954: Foster Furcolo (D)
1960: Thomas J. O’Connor (D)
1967-TBD: Ed Brooke (R) – incumbent
1966: Endicott Peabody (D)

US Senators from Michigan’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1971: Philip Hart (D) – lost re-election
1958: Charles E. Potter (R)
1964: Elly M. Peterson (R)
1971-TBD: George W. Romney (R) – incumbent
1970: Philip Hart (D)
US Senators from Michigan’s Class 2 Seat
1955-1966: Patrick V. McNamara (D) – died
1954: Homer S. Ferguson (R)
1960: G. Mennen Williams (R)
1966-TBD: Robert P. Griffin (R) – appointee; incumbent
1966: Richard F. Vander Veen (D)

US Senators from Minnesota’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1971: Eugene McCarthy (D) – retired
1958: Edward John Thye (R)
1964: Wheelock Whitney (R)
1971-TBD: Hubert H. Humphrey Jr. (D) – incumbent
1970: Clark MacGregor (R)
US Senators from Minnesota’s Class 2 Seat
1949-1961: Hubert H. Humphrey Jr. (D) – resigned for higher office
1948: Joseph H. Ball (R)
1954: Val Bjornson (R)
1960: P. Kenneth Peterson (R)
1961-1963: Roy Weir (D) – retired
1963-TBD: Walter Mondale (D) – incumbent
1962: Elmer L. Andersen (R)
1966: Robert A. Forsythe (R)

US Senators from Mississippi’s Class 1 Seat
1947-TBD: John C. Stennis (D) – incumbent
1947 (sp): unopposed
1952: unopposed
1958: unopposed
1964: unopposed
1970: William R. Thompson (I)
US Senators from Mississippi’s Class 2 Seat
1943-TBD: James Eastland (D) – incumbent
1942: unopposed
1948: unopposed
1954: James A. White (R)
1960: Joe A. Moore (R)
1966: Prentiss Walker (R) and Clifton R. Whitley (I)

US Senators from Missouri’s Class 1 Seat
1953-1961: Stuart Symington (D) – resigned for other occupation
1952: James P. Kem (R)
1958: Hazel Palmer (R)
1961-1963: Albert S. J. Carnahan (D) – appointee; retired
1963-TBD: Leonor Sullivan (D) – incumbent
1962 (sp): William C. Cole (R)
1964: Jean P. Bradshaw (R)
1970: John Danforth (R) and Gene Chapman (HIP)
US Senators from Missouri’s Class 3 Seat
1960-TBD: Edward V. Long (D) – incumbent
1960 (sp): Lon Hocker (R)
1962: Crosby Kemper (R)
1968: Thomas B. Curtis (R)

US Senators from Montana’s Class 1 Seat
1953-TBD: Mike Mansfield (D) – incumbent
1952: Zales Ecton (R)
1958: Lou Welch (R)
1964: Alex Blewett (R)
1970: Harold E. Wallace (R)
US Senators from Montana’s Class 2 Seat
1961-TBD: Lee Metcalf (D) – incumbent
1960: Orvin B. Fjare (R)
1966: Tim M. Babcock (R)

US Senators from Nebraska’s Class 1 Seat
1954-1971: Roman Hruska (R) – lost re-election
1954 (sp): James F. Green (D)
1958: Frank B. Morrison (D)
1964: Raymond W. Arndt (D)
1971-TBD: Ted Sorensen (D) – incumbent
1970: Roman Hruska (R)
US Senators from Nebraska’s Class 2 Seat
1955-1965: Carl Curtis (R) – resigned for higher office
1954: Keith Neville (D)
1960: Robert B. Conrad (D)
1965-TBD: Dwight W. Burney (R) – appointee; incumbent
1966: C. Armstrong Callan (D)

US Senators from Nevada’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1965: Howard W. Cannon (D) – lost re-election
1958: George W. Malone (R)
1965-TBD: Paul Dominque Laxalt (R) – incumbent
1964: Howard W. Cannon (D)
1970: Howard W. Cannon (D)
US Senators from Nevada’s Class 3 Seat
1954-TBD: Alan H. Bible (D) – incumbent
1954 (sp): Ernest S. Brown (R)
1956: Cliff Young (R)
1962: William B. Wright (R)
1968: Edward Fike (R)

US Senators from New Hampshire’s Class 2 Seat
1937-1961: Styles Bridges (R) – died
1936: William N. Rogers (D)
1942: Francis P. Murphy (D)
1948: Alfred E. Fortin (D)
1954: Gerard L. Morin (D)
1960: Herbert W. Hill (D)
1961-1967: Maurice Murphy (R) – appointee; lost re-election
1962 (sp): Thomas J. McIntyre (D)
1967-TBD: Thomas J. McIntyre (D) – incumbent
1966: Maurice J. Murphy (R) and Chester Earl Merrow (Independent)
US Senators from New Hampshire’s Class 3 Seat
1954-TBD: Norris Cotton (R) – incumbent
1954 (sp): Stanley J. Betley (D)
1956: Laurence M. Pickett (D)
1962: Alfred Catalfo Jr. (D)
1968: John W. King (D)

US Senators from New Jersey’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Harrison A. Williams (D) – incumbent
1958: Robert W. Kean (R)
1964: Bernard M. Shanley (R)
1970: Nelson G. Gross (R)
US Senators from New Jersey’s Class 2 Seat
1955-TBD: Clifford P. Case (R) – incumbent
1954: Charles R. Howell (D)
1960: Thorn Lord (D)
1966: Warren W. Wilentz (D)

US Senators from New Mexico’s Class 1 Seat
1935-1962: Dennis Chavez (D) – appointee; died
1936 (sp): M. A. Otero Jr. (R)
1940: Albert K. Mitchell (R)
1946: Patrick J. Hurley (R)
1952: Patrick J. Hurley (R)
1958: Forrest S. Atchley (R)
1962-1964: Edwin L. Mechem (R) – appointee; lost election
1964-TBD: Joseph Manuel Montoya (D) – incumbent
1964 (sp): Edwin L. Mechem (R)
1964: Edwin L. Mechem (R)
1970: Anderson Carter (R)
US Senators from New Mexico’s Class 2 Seat
1949-TBD: Clinton Presba Anderson (D) – incumbent
1948: Patrick J. Hurley (R)
1954: Edwin L. Mechem (R)
1960: William Colwes (R)
1966: Anderson Carter (R)

US Senators from New York’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1971: Kenneth Keating (R) – lost re-election
1958: Frank S. Hogan (D)
1964: Samuel S. Stratton (D)
1971-TBD: Paul O’Dwyer (D) – incumbent
1970: Kenneth B. Keating (R), James L. Buckley (Conservative) and Allard K. Lowenstein (Liberal/Natural Mind)
US Senators from New York’s Class 3 Seat
1957-TBD: Jacob Javits (R) – incumbent
1956: Robert F. Wagner Jr. (D)
1962: James B. Donovan (D)
1968: Joseph Y. Resnick (D)

US Senators from North Carolina’s Class 2 Seat
1958-TBD: B. Everett Jordan (D) – appointee; incumbent
1958 (sp): Richard C. Clarke Jr. (R)
1960: Kyle Hayes (R)
1966: John S. Shallcross (R)
US Senators from North Carolina’s Class 3 Seat
1954-TBD: Sam Ervin (D) – appointee; incumbent
1954 (sp): unopposed
1956: Joel A. Johnson (R)
1962: Claude L. Greene Jr. (R)
1968: Robert V. Somers (R)

US Senators from North Dakota’s Class 1 Seat
1960-1965: Quentin N. Burdick (D) – lost re-election
1960 (sp): John E. Davis (R)
1965-1971: Thomas S. Kleppe (R) – lost re-election
1964: Quentin N. Burdick (D)
1971-TBD: Arthur Albert Link (D) – incumbent
1970: Thomas S. Kleppe (R)
US Senators from North Dakota’s Class 3 Seat
1945-TBD: Milton R. Young (R) – appointee; incumbent
1946 (sp): William Lanier (D) and Gerald P. Nye (Independent)
1950: Harry O’Brien (D)
1956: Quentin N. Burdick (D)
1962: William Lanier (D)
1968: Herschel Lashkowitz (D)

US Senators from Ohio’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1965: Stephen M. Young (D) – lost re-election
1958: John W. Bricker (R)
1965-1971: Robert A. Taft Jr. (R) – lost re-election
1964: Stephen M. Young (D)
1971-TBD: John Glenn (D) – incumbent
1970: Robert A. Taft Jr. (R)
US Senators from Ohio’s Class 3 Seat
1957-1969: Frank J. Lausche (D) – lost re-nomination, then lost re-election as an independent
1956: George H. Bender (R)
1962: John M. Briley (R)
1969-TBD: William B. Saxbe (R) – incumbent
1968: John Gilligan (D), incumbent Frank L. Lausche (I) and John M. Briley (HIP)

US Senators from Oklahoma’s Class 2 Seat
1949-1963: Robert S. Kerr (D) – died
1948: Ross Rizley (R)
1954: Fred M. Mock (R)
1960: Hayden Crawford (R)
1963-1965: J. Howard Edmondson (D) – appointee; lost election
1965-TBD: Bud Wilkinson (R) – incumbent
1964 (sp): J. Howard Edmondson (D)
1966: Fred R. Harris (D)
US Senators from Oklahoma’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1969: A. S. Mike Monroney (D) – lost re-election
1950: W. H. Bill Alexander (R)
1956: Douglas McKeever (R)
1962: Hayden Crawford (R)
1969-TBD: Henry Bellmon (R) – incumbent
1968: A. S. Mike Monroney (D)

US Senators from Oregon’s Class 2 Seat
1960-1967: Maurine Brown Neuberger (D) – retired
1960 (sp): Elmo Smith (R)
1960: Elmo Smith (R)
1967-TBD: Mark Hatfield (R) – incumbent
1966: Robert B. Duncan (D)
US Senators from Oregon’s Class 3 Seat
1945-TBD: Wayne Morse (D since 1955, I 1952-1955, R before 1952) – incumbent
1944: Edgar W. Smith (D)
1950: Howard Latourette (R)
1956: Douglas McKay (R)
1962: Sig Unander (R)
1968: Wendell Wyatt (R)

US Senators from Pennsylvania’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Hugh Scott (R) retired – incumbent
1958: George M. Leader (D)
1964: Genevieve Blatt (D)
1970: William G. Sesler (D
US Senators from Pennsylvania’s Class 3 Seat
1957-1969: Joseph S. Clark (D) – lost re-election
1956: James H. Duff (R)
1962: James E. Van Zandt (R)
1969-TBD: Herman T. Schneebeli (R) – incumbent
1968: Joseph S. Clark (D) and Frank W. Gaydosh (HIP)

US Senators from Rhode Island’s Class 1 Seat
1950-TBD: John Pastore (D) – incumbent
1950 (sp): Austin T. Levy (R)
1952: Bayard Ewing (R)
1958: Bayard Ewing (R)
1964: Ronald R. Lageux (R)
1970: John McLaughlin (R)
US Senators from Rhode Island’s Class 2 Seat
1961-TBD: Claiborne Pell (D) – incumbent
1960: Raoul Archambault Jt. (R)
1966: Ruth M. Briggs (R)

US Senators from South Carolina’s Class 2 Seat
1954-1956: Strom Thurmond (Independent Democrat) – appointee; resigned
1954: Edgar A. Brown (D)
1956-1956: Thomas Wofford (D) – appointee; retired
1956-TBD: Strom Thurmond (D until 1962/R after 1962) – incumbent
1956 (sp): unopposed
1960: unopposed
1966: Bradley Morrah (D)
US Senators from South Carolina’s Class 3 Seat
1945-1965: Olin D. Johnston (D) – died
1944: James B. Gaston (R)
1950: unopposed
1956: Leon P. Crawford (R)
1962: W. D. Workman Jr. (R)
1965-TBD: Fritz Hollings (D) – appointed; incumbent
1968: Marshall Parker (R)

Senators from South Dakota’s Class 2 Seat
1948-TBD: Karl Earl Mundt (R) – appointee; incumbent
1948: John A. Engel (D)
1954: Kenneth Holum (D)
1960: George McGovern (D)
1966: Donn H. Wright (D)
Senators from South Dakota’s Class 3 Seat
1951-1962: Francis H. Case (R) – died
1950: John A. Engel (D)
1956: Kenneth Holum (D)
1962-TBD: Joseph H. Bottom (R) – appointee; incumbent
1962: George McGovern (D)
1968: Wayne Peterson (D)

US Senators from Tennessee’s Class 1 Seat
1953-TBD: Albert Arnold “Al” Gore Sr. (D) – incumbent
1952: Hobart F. Atkins (R)
1958: Hobart F. Atkins (R)
1964: Dan H. Kuykendall (R)
1970: Bill Brock (R)
US Senators from Tennessee’s Class 2 Seat
1949-1963: Estes Kefauver (D) – died
1948: B. Carroll Reece (R)
1954: Tom Wall (R)
1960: A. Bradley Frazier (R)
1963-1964: Herbert S. Walters (D) – appointee; retired
1964-TBD: Howard Baker (R) – incumbent
1964 (sp): Ross Bass (D)
1966: Frank G. Clement (D)

US Senators from Texas’s Class 1 Seat
1957-TBD: Ralph Yarborough (D) – appointee; incumbent
1958: Roy Whittenburg (R)
1964: George H. W. Bush (R) and Bruce Alger (HIP)
1970: John Connally (R) and Jack Carswell (HIP)
US Senators from Texas’s Class 1 Seat
1949-1961: Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – resigned for higher office
1948: Jack Porter (R)
1954: Carlos G. Watson (R)
1960: John G. Tower (R)
1961: William A. Blakley (D) – appointee; lost election
1961-1967: John G. Tower (R) – lost re-election
1961 (sp): William A. Blakley (D)
1967-1975: Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – incumbent
1966: John G. Tower (R) and Bruce Alger (HIP)

US Senators from Utah’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Frank E. Moss (D) – incumbent
1958: Arthur V. Watkins (R)
1964: Ernest L. Wilkinson (R)
1970: Laurence J. Burton (R) and Clyde B. Freeman (HIP)
US Senators from Utah’s Class 3 Seat
1951-TBD: Wallace F. Bennett (R) – incumbent
1950: Elbert D. Thomas (D)
1956: Alonzo F. Hopkin (D)
1962: David S. King (D)
1968: Milton N. Wellenmann (D)

Vermont Senators from the Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Winston L. Prouty (R) – incumbent
1958: Frederick J. Fayette (D)
1964: Frederick J. Fayette (D)
1970: Fiore L. Bove (D) and William H. Meyer (Liberty Union/Natural Mind)
Vermont Senators from the Class 3 Seat
1941-TBD: George Aiken (R) – incumbent
1940 (sp): Herbert Comings (D)
1944: Harry Witters (D)
1950: James Bigelow (D)
1956: Bernard O’Shea (D)
1962: W. Robert Johnson (D)
1968: unopposed

US Senators from Virginia’s Class 1 Seat
1933-1965: Harry F. Byrd Sr. (D) – resigned for health reasons
1933 (sp): Henry A. Wise (R)
1934: Lawrence C. Page (R)
1940: Hilliard Berstein (I) and Alice Burke (I)
1946: Lester S. Parsons (R)
1952: H. M. Vise Sr. (Independent Democratic) and Clarke T Robb (Social Democratic)
1958: Louise Wensel (I)
1964: Richard A. May (R) and James W. Respess (Independent)
1965-TBD: Harry F. Byrd Jr. (D before 1970/I after 1970) – incumbent
1966 (sp): Lawrence M. Traylor (R) and John W. Carter (I)
1970: George Rawlings (D) and Ray Garland (R)
US Senators from Virginia’s Class 2 Seat
1946-TBD: A. Willis Robertson (D) – incumbent
1946 (sp): Robert H. Woods (R)
1948: Robert H. Woods (R)
1954: Charles W. Lewis Jr. (ID) and Clarke T. Robb (SD)
1960: Stuart D. Baker (ID)
1966: James P. Ould Jr. (R) and F. Lee Hawthorne (HIP)

US Senators from Washington’s Class 1 seat
1953-TBD: Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson (D) – incumbent
1952: Harry P. Cain (R)
1958: William B. Bantz (R)
1964: Lloyd J. Andrews (R)
1970: John Ehrlichman (R)
US Senators from Washington’s Class 3 Seat
1944-TBD: Warren Magnuson (D) – incumbent
1944: Harry P. Cain (R)
1950: Walter Williams (R)
1956: Arthur B. Langlie (R)
1962: Richard G. Christensen (R)
1968: Jack Metcalf (R)

US Senators from West Virginia’s Class 1 Seat
1959-TBD: Robert C. Byrd (D) – incumbent
1958: Chapman Revercomb (R)
1964: Cooper P. Benedict (R)
1970: Elmer H. Dodson (R)
US Senators from West Virginia’s Class 2 Seat
1958-TBD: Jennings Randolph (D) – incumbent
1958 (sp): John D. Hoblitzell Jr. (R)
1960: Cecil Underwood (R)
1966: Francis J. Love (R)

US Senators from Wisconsin’s Class 1 Seat
1957-TBD: William Proxmire (D) – incumbent
1958: Roland J. Steinle (R)
1964: Wilbur N. Renk (R)
1970: John E. Erickson (R)
US Senators from Wisconsin’s Class 3 Seat
1939-1967: Alexander Wiley (R) – died
1938: F. Ryan Duffy (D)
1944: Howard J. McMurray (D) and Harry Sauthoff (Progressive)
1950: Thomas E. Fairchild (D)
1956: Henry W. Maier (D)
1962: Gaylord Nelson (D)
1967-TBD: Philleo Nash (D) – appointed; incumbent
1968: Jack B. Olson (R)

US Senators from Wyoming’s Class 1 Seat
1959-1965: Gale W. McGee (D) – lost re-election
1958: Frank A. Barrett (R)
1965-TBD: John S. Wold (R) – incumbent
1964: Gale W. McGee (D)
1970: Edness Kimball Wilkins (D)
US Senators from Wyoming’s Class 2 Seat
1961-1962: John J. Hickey (D) – appointee; lost election
1962-1967: Milward L. Simpson (R) – retired
1962 (sp): John J. Hickey (D)
1967-TBD: Gale W. McGee (D) – incumbent
1966: Clifford P. Hansen (R)

Governors in this TL (1/1/1961-2/5/1971)​

Governors of Alabama
1959-1963: John Malcolm Patterson (D)
1958: William Longshore (R)
1963-1967: George Wallace (D)
1962: Frank P. Walls (I)
1967-1971: Ryan DeGreffenried Sr. (D)
1966: John M. Patterson (HIP) and Arthur Glenn Andrews (R)
1971-TBD: George Wallace (D)
1970: Bull Connor (I), Asa Carter (HIP) and Bert Nettles (R)

Governors of Alaska
1959-1962: William A. Egan (D)
1958: John Butrovich Jr. (R)
1962-1970: Mike Stepovich (R)
1962: William A. Egan (D)
1966: Wendall P. Kay (D) and John Grasse (I)
1970-TBD: Jay Hammond (R)
1970: W. Eugene Guess (D) and Ralph M. Anderson (I)

Governors of Arizona
1959-1969: Paul Fannin (R)
1958: Robert Morrison (D)
1960: Lee Ackerman (D)
1962: Samuel Goddard (D)
1964: Art Brock (D)
1966: Norman Green (D)
1969-1971: Jack Williams (R)
1968: Samuel Goddard II (D)
1971-TBD: Raul Hector Castro (D)
1970: Jack Williams (R) and Evan Mecham (HIP)

Governor of Arkansas
1955-1965: Orval Faubus (D)
1954: Pratt C. Remmel (R)
1956: Roy Mitchell (R)
1958: George W. Johnson (R)
1960: Henry M. Britt (R)
1962: Willis Ricketts (R)
1965-TBD: Winthrop Rockefeller (R)
1964: Orval Faubus (D)
1966: James Douglas Johnson (D)
1970: Virginia Johnson (D)

Governors of California
1959-1971: Pat Brown (D)
1958: William F. Knowland (R)
1962: Joe Shell (R)
1966: Ray Kroc (R), Tim Leary (NM)
1971-TBD: Ronald Reagan (R)
1970: Jesse Unruh (D), Tim Leary (NM) and Max Rafferty (HIP)

Governors of Colorado
1957-1963: Stephen McNichols (D)
1956: Donald G. Brotzman (R)
1958: Palmer L. Burch (R)
1963-TBD: John Arthur Love (R)
1962: Stephen McNichols (D)
1966: Robert Lee Knous (D) and Walter R. Plankinton (HIP)
1970: Mark Hogan (D) and Albert Gurule (La Raza Unida)

Governors of Connecticut
1955-1963: Abraham Ribicoff (D)
1954: John Davis Lodge (R)
1958: Fred R. Zeller (R)
1963-1971: John N. Dempsey (D)
1962: John deKoven Alsop (R)
1966: E. Clayton Gengras (R)
1971-TBD: Fiske Holcomb Ventres (R)
1970: Attilio R. Frassinelli (D)

Governors of Delaware
1961-1965: Elbert N. Carvel (D)
1960: John W. Rollins (R)
1965-1969: David P. Buckson (R)
1964: Charles L. Terry Jr. (D)
1969-TBD: Russell W. Peterson (R)
1968: Charles L. Terry Jr. (D)

Governors of Florida
1961-1965: C. Farris Bryant (D)
1960: George C. Peterson (R)
1965-1967: LeRoy Collins (D)
1964: Charles R. Holley (R)
1967: Robert King High (D)
1966: Claude Kirk (R)
1967-1971: Verle Allyn Pope (D)
1971-TBD: Louis Bafalis (R)

1970: Verle Allyn Pope (D)

Governors of Georgia
1959-1963: Ernest Vandiver (D)
1958: unopposed
1963-1967: Carl Sanders (D)
1962: unopposed
1967-1971: Bo Callaway (R)
1966: Jimmy Carter (D) and Lester Maddox (HIP)
1971-TBD: Lester Maddox (D)
1970: James Bentley (R) and Udolpho Sikes Underwood (I)

Governors of Hawaii
1959-1962: 1) William F. Quinn (R)
1959: John A. Burns (D)
1962-1970: 2) John A. Burns (D)
1962: William F. Quinn (R)
1966: Randolph Crossley (R)
1970-1978: 3) Thomas Ponce Gill (D)
1970: Samuel Pailthorpe King (R)

Governors of Idaho
1955-1963: Robert E. Smylie (R)
1954: Clark Hamilton (D)
1958: Alfred M. Derr (D)
1963-1966: Vernon K. Smith (D)
1962: Robert E. Smylie (R)
1966-1967: William Edward Drevlow (D)
1967-TBD: Charles Herndon (D)

1966: Don Samuelson (R), Perry Swisher (I) and Philip Jungert (I)
1970: Jack M. Murphy (R

Governors of Illinois
1961-1965: Otto Kerner Jr. (D)
1960: William Stratton (R)
1965-TBD: Charles Percy (R)
1964: Otto Kerner Jr. (D)
1968: Samuel H. Shapiro (D)

Governors of Indiana
1961-1965: Crawford Fairbanks Parker (R)
1960: Matthew E. Welsh (D)
1965-1969: Richard O. Ristine (R)
1964: Roger D. Branigin (D)
1969-TBD: J. Irwin Miller (R)
1968: Robert L. Rock (D) and Melvin E. Hawk (Prohibition)

Governors of Iowa
1961-1963: Norman A. Erbe (R)
1960: Edward J. McManus (D)
1963-1967: Harold Hughes (D)
1962: Norman A. Erbe (R)
1964: Evan L. “Curly” Hultman (R) and Robert Dilley (HIP)
1967-1967: Robert D. Fulton (D)
1967-1971: Robert D. Ray (R)

1966: Robert D. Fulton (D) and David B. Quiner (HIP)
1968: Paul Franzenburg (D)
1971-TBD: Armour Boot (D)
1970: Robert D. Ray (R)

Governors of Kansas
1961-1965: John Anderson Jr. (R)
1960: George Docking (D)
1962: Dale Saffels (D)
1965-1967: William H. Avery (R)
1964: Harry G. Wiles (D) and Kenneth L. Myers (HIP)
1967-TBD: Robert B. Docking (D)
1966: William H. Avery (R) and Rolland Ernest Fisher (Prohibition)
1968: Rick Harman (R)
1970: Kent Frizzell (R)

Governors of Kentucky
1947-1950: 47) Earle Clements (D)
1947: Eldon S. Dummit (R)
1950-1955: 48) Lawrence Wetherby (D)
1951: Eugene Siler (R)
1955-1959: 49) Harland David “(The) Colonel” Sanders Sr. (R)
1955: Happy Chandler (D)
1959-1967: 50) Bert T. Combs (D)
1959: Edwin Denney (R)
1963: Louie Nunn (R)
1967-TBD: 51) John M. Robsion Jr. (R)
1967: Ed Breadthitt (D) and Christian Glanz (HIP)

Governors of Louisiana
1960-1964: Jimmie Davis (D)
1959: Francis Grevemberg (R)
1964-1968: Gillis Long (D)
1963: Charlton Lyons (R)
1968-TBD: John J. McKeithen (D)
1967: Charlton Lyons (R) and John Rarick (HIP)

Governors of Maine
1959: Clinton A. Clauson (D)
1958: Horace A. Hildreth (R)
1959-1971: John H. Reed (R)
1962: Maynard Dolloff (D)
1966: Kenneth M. Curtis (D)
1971-TBD: Peter N. Kyros (D)
1970: James S. Erwin (R)

Governors of Maryland
1959-1967: J. Millard Tawes (D)
1958: James P. S. Devereux (R)
1962: Frank Small Jr. (R)
1967-1971: Spiro T. Agnew (R)
1966: Hyman A. Pressman (D) and George P. Mahoney (HIP)
1971-TBD: Marvin Mandel (D)
1970: Spiro T. Agnew (R) and Robert Woods Merkle Sr. (HIP)

Governors of Massachusetts
1961-1963: John Volpe (R)
1960: Joseph D. Ward (D)
1963-1965: Endicott Peabody (D)
1962: John Volpe (R)
1965-1971: John Volpe (R)
1964: Endicott Peabody (D)
1966: Edward J. McCormack Jr. (D)
1971-TBD: Pierre Salinger (D)
1970: Francis W. Sargent (R)

Michigan Governors
1961-1963: John Swainson (D)
1960: Paul D. Bagwell (R)
1963-1971: George W. Romney (R)
1962: John Swainson (D)
1964: Neil O. Staebler (D)
1966: Zolton Ferency (D)
1971-TBD: Martha Griffiths (D)
1970: William Milliken (R)

Governors of Minnesota
1955-1963: Orville Freeman (DFL)
1954: C. Elmer Anderson (R)
1956: Ancher Nelson (R)
1958: George MacKinnon (R)
1960: Elmer L. Andersen (R)
1963-1967: Donald Orr Wright Sr. (R)
1962: Orville Freeman (DFL)
1967-TBD: Coya Knutson (DFL)
1966: Harold LeVander (R)
1970: Douglas M. Head (R)

Governors of Mississippi
1960-1964: Ross Barnett (D)
1959: unopposed
1964-1968: Paul B. Johnson Jr. (D)
1963: Ruben Phillips (R)
1968-TBD: Ruben Phillips (R)
1967: William Winter (D)

Governors of Missouri
1957-1965: James T. Blair Jr. (D)
1956: Lon Hocker (R)
1960: Edward G. Farmer (R)
1965-TBD: Ethan A. H. Shepley (R)
1964: Warren E. Hearnes (D)
1968: Thomas F. Eagleton (D), Lawrence K. Roos (Missourian) and Bill Beeny (HIP)

Governors of Montana
1961-1962: Donald G. Nutter (R)
1960: Paul Cannon (D)
1962-TBD: Tim Babcock (R)
1964: Roland Renne (D)
1968: Forrest H. Anderson (D) and Wayne Montgomery (New Reform)

Governors of Nebraska
1959-1960: Ralph G. Brooks (D)
1958: Victor E. Anderson (R)
1960-1961: Dwight W. Burney (R)
1961-1971: Frank B. Morrison (D)

1960: John R. Cooper (R)
1962: Frederick A. Seaton (R)
1964: Dwight W. Burney (R)
1966: Philip Hart Weaver (R) and Philip C. Sorensen (Liberal)
1971-TBD: J. James Exon (D)
1970: Albert C. Walsh (R)

Governors of Nevada
1959-1971: Grant Sawyer (D)
1958: Charles H. Russell (R)
1962: Oran K. Grayson (R)
1966: Wilford Owen Woodruff (R) and Lloyd E. Gilbert (HIP)
1971-TBD: Rex Bell Jr. (R)
1970: Mike O’Callaghan (D) and Charles Springer (I)

Governors of New Hampshire
1959-1963: Wesley Powell (R)
1958: Bernard L. Boutin (D)
1960: Bernard L. Boutin (D
1963-1967: John William King (D)
1962: John Pillsbury (R)
1964: John Pillsbury (R)
1967-TBD: Harrison Reed Thyng (R)
1966: John William King (D)
1968: Emile R. Bussiere (D)
1970: Meldrim Thomson Jr. (HIP) and Roger J. Crowley (D)

Governors of New Jersey
1954-1962: Robert B. Meyner (D)
1953: Paul L. Troast (R)
1957: Malcolm Forbes (R)
1962-1970: Richard J. Hughes (D)
1961: James P. Mitchell (R)
1965: Wayne Dumont (R)
1970-TBD: 46) Francis X. McDermott (R)
1969: Alexander Buel “Sandy” Trowbridge III (D)

Governors of New Mexico
1961-1962: Edwin L. Mechem (R)
1960: John Burroughs (D)
1962-1963: Tom Bolack (R)
1963-1967: Jack M. Campbell (D)

1962: Edwin L. Mechem (R)
1964 Merle H. Tucker (R)
1967-1971: David F. Cargo (R)
1966: Jack M. Campbell (D)
1968: Mack Easley (D)
1971-TBD: Bruce King (D)
1970: David F. Cargo (R)

Governors of New York
1/1/1959-1/23/1965: Nelson Rockefeller (R)
1958: W. Averell Harriman (D)
1962: Robert Morgenthau (D)
1/23/1965-12/31/1966: Malcolm Wilson (R)
1/1/1967-TBD: Mario Biaggi (D/Conservative)
1966: Malcolm Wilson (R) and Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (Liberal)
1970: Steven Boghos Derounian (R), Arthur J. Goldberg (Liberal) and Norman Mailer (Natural Mind)

Governors of North Carolina
1961-1965: Terry Sanford (D)
1960: Robert L. Gavin (R)
1965-1969: Daniel K. Moore (D)
1964: Robert L. Gavin (R)
1969-TBD: James Carson Gardner (R)
1968: Robert W. Scott (D)

Governors of North Dakota
1961-TBD: William L. Guy (D)
1960: Clarence P. Dahl (R) and Herschel Lashkowitz (Independent)
1962: Mark Andrews (R)
1964: Donald M. Halcrow (R)
1968: Robert P. McCarney (R)

Governors of Ohio
1959-1963: Michael V. DiSalle (D)
1958: C. William O’Neill (D)
1963-1971: Jim Rhodes (R)
1962: Michael DiSalle (D)
1966: Frazier Reams Jr. (D)
1971-TBD: Buz Lukens (R)
1970: Robert E. Sweeney (D), Roger Cloud (IR) and Edward T. Lawton (HIP)

Governors of Oklahoma
1959-1963: J. Howard Edmondson (D)
1958: Phil Ferguson (R) and D. A. Jelly Bryce (I)
1963: George Patterson Nigh (D)
1963-1971: Henry Bellmon (R)

1962: W. P. Bill Atkinson (D)
1966: Preston J. Moore (D)
1971-TBD: David Hall (D)
1970: Dewey F. Bartlett (R) and Reel Little (HIP)

Governors of Oregon
1959-1967: Mark Hatfield (R)
1958: Robert D. Holmes (D)
1962: Robert Y. Thornton (D)
1967-TBD: Tom McCall (R)
1966: Robert Straub (D)
1970: Robert Straub (D)

Governors of Pennsylvania
1959-1963: David Lawrence (D)
1958: Art McGonigle (R)
1963-1965: William W. Scranton II (R)
1962: Richardson Dilworth (D)
1965-1967: Raymond Shafer (R)
1967-1971: Robert Casey Sr. (D)

1966: Harold Stassen (R)
1971-TBD: Milton Shapp (D)
1970: Raymond Shafer (R) and Andrew J. Watson (Constitution)

Governors of Rhode Island
1961-1965: John A. Notte Jr. (D)
1960: Christopher Del Sesto (R)
1962: John Chafee (R)
1965-1971: John Chafee (R)
1964: John A. Nolte Jr. (D)
1966: Horace E. Hobbs (D)
1968: Frank Licht (D)
1971-TBD: J. Joseph Garrahy (D)
1970: John Chafee (R)

Governors of South Carolina
1959-1963: Fritz Hollings (D)
1958: unopposed
1963-1965: Donald Stuart Russell (D)
1962: unopposed
1965-1967: Robert McNair (D)
1967-1971: Joseph O. Rogers Jr. (R)

1966: Robert McNair (D) and Alfred William “Red” Bethea (HIP)
1971-TBD: John West (D)
1970: Albert Watson (R)

Governors of South Dakota
1961-1963: Archie Gubbrud (R)
1960: Ralph Herseth (D)
1963-1967: Ralph Herseth (D)
1962: Archie M. Gubbrud (R)
1964: Nils Boe (R) and John F. Lindley (I)
1967-1971: Frank Farrar (R)
1966: Ralph Herseth
1968: Leath Carroll Fullerton (D)
1971-TBD: George S. McGovern (D)
1970: Frank Farrar (R)

Governors of Tennessee
1959-1963: Buford Ellington (D)
1958: Jim Nance McCord (I) and Tom Wall (R)
1963-1967: Frank G. Clements (D)
1962: William Anderson (I) and Hubert David Patty (R)
1967-1971: Buford Ellington (D)
1966: H. L. Crowder (HIP), Charlie Moffett (I) and Charles Gordon Vick (I)
1971-TBD: Frank G. Clements (D)
1970: Winfield Dunn (R)

Governors of Texas
1957-1967: Price Daniel (D)
1956: Bill Bryant (R) and W. Lee O’Daniel (I)
1958: Edwin S. Mayer (R)
1960: William Steger (R)
1962: Jack Cox (R)
1964: Jack Crichton (R) and John C. Williams (HIP)
1967-1971: John Connally (D before 1969, R after 1969)
1966: T. E. Kennerly (R) and Ed Walker (HIP)
1968: Paul Eggers (R) and John Trice (HIP)
1971-TBD: Waggoner Carr (D)
1970: Roger Martin (R)

Governors of Utah
1957-1965: George Clyde (R)
1956: L. C. “Rennie” Romney (D) and J. Bracken “Brack” Lee (Independent)
1960: William Arthur Barlocker (D)
1965-TBD: Mitchell Melich (R)
1964: Calvin L. Rampton (D)
1968: Nicholas L. Strike (D)

Governors of Vermont
1961-1963: F. Ray Keyser Jr. (R)
1960: Russell Niquette (D)
1963-TBD: Phil Hoff (D)
1962: F. Ray Keyser Jr. (R)
1964: Ralph A. Foote (R)
1966: Richard Snelling (R)
1968: Deane C. Davis (R)
1970: John S. Burgess (R)

Governors of Virginia
1958-1962: James Lindsay Almond Jr. (D)
1957: Ted Dalton (R)
1962-1966: Albertis S. Harrison Jr. (D)
1961: H. Clyde Pearson (R)
1966-1970: Linwood Holton (R)
1965: Mills Godwin (D) and William J. Story Jr. (HIP)
1970-TBD: Vince Callahan (R)
1969: Henry Howell (D) and William J. Story Jr. (HIP)

Governors of Washington
1957-1965: Albert Rossellini (D)
1956: Emmett T. Anderson (R)
1960: Lloyd J. Andrew (R)
1965-TBD: Daniel J. Evans (R)
1964: Al Rossellini (D)
1968: John J. O’Connell (D) and Ken Chriswell (HIP)

Governors of West Virginia
1961-1965: Wally Barron (D)
1960: Harold E. Neely (R)
1965-1969: Cecil Underwood (R)
1964: Hulett C. Smith (D)
1969-TBD: Arch A. Moore Jr. (R)
1968: James Marshall Sprouse (D)

Governors of Wisconsin
1959-1963: Gaylord A. Nelson (D)
1958: Vernon Wallace Thomson (R)
1960: Philip G. Kuehn (R)
1963-1965: John W. Reynolds (D)
1962: Philip G. Kuehn (R)
1965-1967: Warren P. Knowles (R)
1964: John W. Reynolds (D)
1967-TBD: Patrick Lucey (D)
1966: Warren P. Knowles (R)
1968: William Kaiser Van Pelt (R)
1970: Jack B. Olson (R) and Georgia Cozzini (Natural Mind)

Governors of Wyoming
1961-1967: Jack R. Gage (D)
1962: Clifford P. Hansen (R)
1967-TBD: Teno Roncalio (D)
1966: Stanley K. Hathaway (R)
1970: William H. Harrison (R)

(I'm not "crazy" enough, nor do I have the time, to also include a list of all US Congresspersons since 1961; sorry.)
Last edited:
Chapter 34: January 1971 – August 1971
Chapter 34: January 1971 – August 1971

“Never underestimate the power of stupid people in large groups.”

– George Carlin

After comparing these customer survey results with those from last year, it is evident that the company’s non-white customer base has improved… The increase in customer satisfaction and foot traffic in urban locations may be connected to the continuing easing of social-economic issues under President Sanders, particularly due to the President’s active supporting of state and federal education and urban renewal projects and programs...

– KFC customer demographics report, 1/5/1971

“YOU COULD BE THE NEXT COLONEL”: The Story Of Ollie’s Trolleys

By Keith Pandolfi, photos by Helen Rosner

The harsh rain of a Floridian winter was beating down on John Y. Brown Jr. that day, much like how it is for me revisiting the same famous spot, an iconic belly-filling eatery shaped like a trolley. Having skipped breakfast, I eye the entrance to the establishment, ready the hood of my jacket, and make a run for it through the downpour. Unquestionably, the upcoming meal is worth the splashy sprint.

Making my order comes so easy to me – one Ollieburger with Olliefries and a Josta – that I have to stop and think about how it was like the first time I ever visited one of Ollie Gleichenhaus’ trolleys. The thought returns my mind’s attention to Brown, who was in the same position one rainy noon in January 1971. The ex-KFC affiliate had not had the best four years of his life since his termination from the company, to say the least. And on the day in question, the 37-year-old businessman just needed to a quick bite to eat after finding Florida to be a refreshing change of scenery, albeit one where he was struggling to find success and prosperity. He may have chosen Ollie’s as the place at which he would satisfy his appetite out of convenience, or maybe he was intrigued by the cutesy, unique façade of the building, or maybe the trolley reminded him of the trolleys that once navigated the streets of his childhood hometown of Louisville, Kentucky.

I spent my few minutes of waiting leaning over the to the side to view the five employers located in the kitchen performing their duties harmoniously, flipping burgers and oiling up fries and the like. Then I receive my order in a simple grease-strained eco-paper bag, and – given that this location’s seven stools and two booths are completely stuffed with other customers – I dash back out to my car to enjoy it there.

Eating an Ollieburger is like having a McCormick spice warehouse explode in your mouth. There’s a magic mingling of oregano and garlic, cumin, rosemary, and Old Bay – an Italian pot roast and a Maryland crab boil all in one. There are other flavors in there, too – some I recognize, like onion powder, paprika, and cayenne, and other I don’t. The same seasoning coats both the fries and the burger. And the more I eat, the more my taste buds re-acclimate themselves to those flavors, and the more convinced I am that the Ollieburger is the best burger in America.

I imagine that the range of emotions that flooded my senses – surprise, delight, intrigue, gluttony, joy, and possibly contentment (in that order) – swam through Brown’s mind as he took his first bite, as a detonation of flavors overwhelmed his taste buds. As the legend goes, Brown had not even finished his first Ollieburger when he bolted back into the location to order three more, and then demanded he speak to the inventor.

The genius inventor in question was a cigar-chomping, straw-hatted grouch named Ollie Gleichenhaus. With his cantankerousness mirroring that of Colonel Sanders, an unofficial idol to fast food vendors both then and now, Gleichenhaus and his wife had opened what they originally called “Ollie’s Sandwich Shop” in South Beach, Florida in the 1930s. Despite its small size, the place became a big hit among locals, tourists, and even visiting celebrities – Gleichenhaus would later claim Rodney Dangerfield used to write material in my place and that Don Rickles got all his material from him and his caustic demeanor. This is the location at which I now sit, and it is also the same location in which Brown found himself on that fateful day.

Brown metaphorically picked as his brain his metaphorical eating utensils, requesting how the creation – a third of a pound of lean beef seasoned with a blend of 32 spices – came to be. Gleichenhaus, approaching 60 in 1971, explained how it took him more than three decades to perfect the recipe, adding a new spice here, a different type of cheese there. He’d change up the bun, or grind up a new cut of beef. He used his customers as guinea pigs until he finally felt he’d nailed it. And once he nailed it, he was happy with himself and to simply just continue frying up burgers and basking in the Florida limelight.

Brown must have smiled widely as he thought of the gold mine he had stumbled across. He must have figured that with his experience in the fast-food industry, Ollie’s unique product, and the two giants of the fast food industry long gone – McDonald’s Ray Kroc now owning a basketball team, and KFC’s Harland Sanders now serving as President – Brown through Ollie could rise to unprecedented heights of fame and glory. Brown decided he would build Ollie’s Trolleys into the competition of KFC’s new Wendyburgers. He just needed to convince Gleichenhaus that his burgers could be the next big thing; “Ollie, you can be the next Ray Kroc. Hell, you could be the next Colonel Sanders!”

The only problem was that Ollie wasn’t interested. He was content with his business, and his first impression of Brown was that he was a “slick-talking sonofabitch,” and a such told Brown “I’m doing just fine here. If you don’t like, you can get the hell outta my store.”

Brown only saw the rambunctious personality as the same kind that sent the Colonel to the White House. Like the Colonel, Ollie “swore like a sailor and had quite a routine; if anyone came into his restaurant and asked for ketchup, he’d say ‘Get the fuck out of here!’” Brown would recall many years later.

But like how the Colonel never gave up trying to sell his chicken in the early years of KFC, Brown kept hounding Ollie, calling him several times each week with the same offer of partnering up with him to expand the humble local business into a nationwide franchise. Then one day, Ollie relinquished his resolve.

He finally got to me,” Ollie told the Post-Crescent. “With all the talk about the fun I’d have and the traveling, and how my name would be up in lights. Yeah, that fed my ego.”

Taking a page out of the Colonel’s biography, Brown toured the country for viable locations. He put together television spots featuring Ollie in an Archie Bunker kind of approach. A simple menu of hot dogs, chicken sandwiches, milkshakes and – most importantly – Ollieburgers and Olliefries was finalized. Brown also took a page out of McDonald’s playbook and sought out a way to streamline the production process.

“We’ll go nationwide within the year,” promised Brown. Whether obvious or not at the time, it is retrospectively clear that Brown had developed and put into motion a plan to make K.F.C. sorry for his dismissal.



[pic: ]
– [1]


…Humphrey claims “The current system does not provide enough representation for Democrats in all 50 states,” and that “convention delegates have more power than the would-be voters, which is unjust.” …Humphrey won the primary popular vote in 1968 but lost in delegate count to former Secretary Jack Kennedy, causing the former to lose the nomination to the latter...

– The Washington Post, 1/18/1971


– The Savannah Morning News, Georgia newspaper, 1/21/1971

The Colonel’s first order of business for the new FBI director [William C. Sullivan] was to investigate the White Citizens’ Council, a southern white supremacist group plaguing the south with occasional intimidation tactics such as vandalism and arson to businesses, burning crosses on lawns, and death threats since its formation in 1954. The FBI had largely ignored the group under Hoover despite being responsible for violence during H.I.P. political campaigns in 1964, 1966 and 1968. Though already waning in influence and member size by 1969, FBI infiltration of the group led to the arrest of key leaders in 1971 and 1972, which in turn ultimately led to the council disbanding in 1974.

– Ronald Kessler’s Clyde Tolson and the Cult of J. Edgar Hoover, Resistance E-Publishing, 2016

…Colonel Sanders’ modest expansion of Social Security arose amidst fiscal concerns from the GOP and his own personal reservations toward the program. Believing American businessmen would thank him for the move later on down the road, Sanders approved of an increase of general benefit levels to 12 percent in order to better combat the effects of inflation [2] In January 1971.

– Meg Jacobs’ Pressure at the Polls: The Transformation of American Politics in the 1970s, 2016 net-book edition

The Colonel ushered in the New Year by beginning a tradition of daily walks around the White House property to promote exercise and to increase public awareness of the 1970 Scranton Report on US health practices.

– Ted White’s The Making of the President: 1968, Atheneum Publishers, 1969

The communist insurgents in Cambodia initially welcomed in their Vietnamese counterparts, the lingering radical ex-members of the Viet Cong. But as the fighting continued, cultural, linguistic, and ideological differences between the native Cambodian guerillas and the immigrant Vietnam guerillas impede collaboration against western forces. By the start of 1971, the two group had become bitter nemeses, with the waterways of the Stung Treng region seeing the heaviest of the guerilla-on-guerilla fighting.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

“I want all the war hawks in the White House to know that our military’s activities in Cambodia qualify as an illegal war. I am calling for an official vote on the status of our actions in Indochina, where I urge all of my co-workers on this hill to vote against this destruction of human life.”

– Rep. Jeanette Rankin (D-MT), 1/23/1971


Powell Calls For “Peace And Order” As Workers Demand Raise Due To Low Pay And Poor Working Conditions

The Guardian, 1/27/1971

Mr. President:

Update: Get the Champaign ready.

In your service,

Gen. Abrams

– Private memo from Abrams to Sanders concerning the US Army's advancing on Cambodian despot Pol Pot’s location, 1/28/1971


…the 52-year-old Alabaman District Court Judge was pivotal in the fight against segregation in the 1950s... Other rumored candidates to replaced the retiring Earl Warren had included Harold R. Tyler Jr. and William H. Mulligan of the 2nd Circuit, Paul Roney of the 5th Circuit, and Clement Haynsworth of the 4th Circuit (likely due to his pro-business rulings). Even more outlandish potential picks such as Senator Barry Goldwater, columnist William F. Buckley, and North Carolina state Supreme Court Justice Susie Sharp were rumored candidates, although such names were never confirmed to be considered seriously by the White House...

– The Washington Post, 2/1/1971 (Monday)


…Newly into office (again), George Wallace has already stirred up controversy for allegedly imposing liberal policies onto a conservative populace. The policies in question includes his appointing of a record-breaking number of African-Americans to public offices, such as over 100 to the state governing boards, hiring a 52-year-old African-American female to be his press secretary, and appointing two African-American men to his gubernatorial cabinet. …receiving less controversy, at least, from average white Alabamans is, Wallace’s push for anti-poverty legislation to help “the most poor and the helpless members of our state”…

– The Huntsville Times, Alabama newspaper, 2/2/1971


…Vandiver strongly favor segregation while serving as Governor from 1959 to 1963…

– The Savannah Morning News, Georgia newspaper, 2/4/1971

This report finds the efforts of the Governor’s office and the state legislature to lower crime in the state’s urban areas are working but not at the expected pace. The number of murders recorded in Albany dropped 20% from January 1967 to December 1970, but the number of recorded murders in New York City only dropped from 746 [3] in 1967 to 689 in 1970. Governor Mario Biaggi and Mayor Joey Periconi’s co-operative increase in security guards, plain-clothed police officers, and uniformed Transit Police are the cause of the drop. Furthermore, the state legislature’s tax incentives for producers and sellers to decrease the price of home security systems and locks have lead to a 15% drop in burglaries statewide. Switching transit police radios and above-ground police radios to transmit on the same frequency has significantly diminished the numbers of poor communication incidents in New York City.


Reflecting advice once offered by Dwight Eisenhower to the city of New York in 1959, Mayor Periconi is calling for the taxing of drivers entering densely populated city limits. This study supports this proposal, as it could provide funds for the state’s crime-reduction programs.

– Summary of report from the office of the New York State Secretary of State, 2/5/1971


…Church bells rang out today in celebration of the Holy Union of George Walker Bush and Tricia Nixon…

– The Houston Chronicle, celebrations section, 2/5/1971

On February 7, the weeks of transcontinental conversations culminated in Sanders and Kosygin signing the landmark Seabed Treaty banning the emplacement of nuclear weapons on all ocean floors beyond a 15-miles coastal zone. The UK’s Prime Minister Enoch Powell was hesitant to sign onto the multinational/multilateral treaty, despite polls showing that most Britons supported the treaty, as Powell did not approve of the notion of “tying down” the UK, a comment that proven to be controversial until Powell yielded and finally signed the treaty the next Month.

– David Tal’s US Strategic Arms Policy in the Cold War: Negotiation & Confrontation, Routledge, 2017

EXTRA! DEADLY EARTHQUAKE ROCKS CALIFORNIA! Over 30 Dead, Over 70 Missing As Bridges, Buildings Collapse!

– The Chicago Tribune, 2/9/1971


…yesterday morning’s 6.5 earthquake was particularly damaging to communities in the northern San Fernando Valley, where a dam has partially collapsed. Governor Reagan has ordered the area downhill from the Van Norman Dams to evacuate, in case an aftershock weakens the dams any further…

The Seattle Times, 2/10/1971

While the 6.6 Sylmar Earthquake itself killed 37 people – mostly hospital patients buried under rubble and travelers crushed by damaged sections of the freeways – the wave of water that rushed out of the Lower Van Norman Dam broken by the quake’s aftershocks was the true tragedy of the moment. Back in 1964, a state inspection led to the State of California and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power agreeing to maintain the reservoir’s water level at a level 5 feet lower than usual for a dam of its size. The earthquake’s aftershocks broke off the remains of the top 27 feet of the structure, but even at the water level being 5 feet lower, it was still 2 feet too low. [4]

When the Lower Van Norman Dam partially collapsed, it unleashed a powerful and forceful wall of water out of the reservoir, damaging and taking with it 30% of the rest of the dam. Being just 2 feet below the dam’s new top, the water had enough force to spill out, but not enough to cause the rest of the dam to break. Nevertheless, the water wave more deadly than the earthquake itself.

The water hastily made its way into the valley below. When Governor Reagan called for the valley housing 80,000 people needed to be evacuated immediately on February 9, mass havoc overwhelmed the valley; the dam’s damage being clearly visible from far away didn’t help. Rumors were spread. Chaos ensued. People scrambled out of their homes and several car collisions happened. Thankfully, by the time the aftershocks weakened the dam enough for the water to breach, most of the downhill inhabitants had fled.

The breached dam’s results were much worse than the flooding that hit California in the 1963 Baldwin Hills Disaster. Roughly 1,100 people died, a number that, while not as high as the 2,000 people killed in 1963 when Italy’s Vajont Dam failed, was one the deadliest disaster to ever strike California on par with the 1906 San Francisco earthquake that killed roughly over 3,000 people, or the 1928 St. Francis failure that killed 600 people in nearby Santa Clarita. Thousands more found themselves without homes.


[ ]
Above: the Van Norman Dam after its partial collapse, prior to the earthquake’s aftershocks finishing what the initial first shake started. Concrete cracked and slumped; the Lower Van Norman Dam’s “sister” dam, the Upper Van Norman Dam, came just one foot away from being breached as well.

– Meg Jacobs’ Pressure at the Polls: The Transformation of American Politics in the 1970s, 2016 net-book edition

The media called it a “tragedy,” a “disaster,” and a “horrible loss of life”; Governor Reagan controversially referred to it as a “fiasco” and “engineering snafu,” attempting to downplay the deadly flooding of the valley. When that did not seem to work, Reagan shifted to blaming “poor oversight under Governor Brown” for the predicament; he also blamed it on inspectors instead of the dam operators. However, it was Reagan’s earlier call to “play it safe” before the dam finally partially collapsed that led to him being praised, as the decision undoubtedly saved the lives of hundreds, if not thousands, of Californians.

The tragedy did have one unforeseen benefit, though – it revealed to a shocked public the flaws of California’s concrete building designs, ushering in an era of active public demand for higher standards, better building codes, stronger materials, a statewide review of older buildings, and other protective measures.

– Michael Stewart Foley’s Front Porch Politics: American Activism in the 1970s and 1980s, 2013 net-book edition

“Walter, I’m here in Arleta, a California community once like any other, only now it has been ruined by the wrath of a busted dam… But through the disaster, a glimmer of hope is seen in the millions of Americans donating to various charities whatever they can, and the many people travelling to pitch in and help the displaced survivors get back on their feet…”

– CBS Evening News, 2/14/1971 broadcast

Reagan designated the valley a disaster area, declared a state of emergency, and imposed a curfew on the San Fernando Valley to “curb nighttime looting.” The curfew instead led to accusations of police brutality against Black and Latino residents, which in turn increased racial tensions in certain parts of the state. As the days of reports on the dead, the newly homeless, and “constabularily abused,” as Dan Rather once called it, President Sanders was reportedly crestfallen over the loss of life and, according to one source, “choked up and cried a little” upon hearing the estimation of how many children had perished. …At one point, the President lamented to an aide, “America needs to hear some good news again.” Soon enough, such news came to remind Americans that good things were still happening.

– Meg Jacobs’ Pressure at the Polls: The Transformation of American Politics in the 1970s, 2016 net-book edition


Pol Pot Expected To Be Moved To Capital For Trial Soon; Followers Is Disarray As Capture Makes Leadership Void

– The New York Times, 2/12/1971


[pic: ]
– Pol Pot’s “mug shot,” taken 2/12/1971

Defense experts were certain the threat had been neutralized; communism had failed to take over a nation yet again. The Colonel was relieved that congress’s threats to impede the military’s defense of Cambodia from communist insurgency were now dissolute. “Now justice can be served to Pol Pot. The Cambodian government will now put that man on trial, for all the world to see the evils of his ways. I hope he likes the gravy train of righteousness, and his just desserts, too” the Colonel punned.

Pol Pot’s trial never came. Less than twenty-four hours after being temporarily placed in a prison in Kompong Cham, a merciless mob of local royalists stormed the jail and dragged him out of his cell. The villagers, many of them survivors of his atrocities farther north, executed him in the grisly manner of being beaten to death with sledgehammers – one of many methods Pol Pot had once commonly used when having others killed.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

I don’t know how she got it, but the fact remains she got it. Maybe Harley or one of our girls gave it to her. Regardless, on one crisp February morning in 1971, I found myself arguing with Josephine, who’d somehow obtained the number for my White House bedroom telephone. She was upset that the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act I had signed into law in ’69 was not helping one of Josephine’s brothers and his new investments in some mining company in West Virginia. Her screeching on the phone frustrated me. It soon led to a headache, causing me to rub the top of my head. Up there, I could still feel the old scars, a small ridge hidden under my snowy locks. I suddenly found myself thinking once again about the time I careened into the ravine near our Camp Nelson home, taking two cars and that poor excuse of a bridge with me all the way down to the bottom of it [5]. I thought about how Josephine helped me put a large loose flap of scalp back where it belonged, doused the wounds in turpentine, and bandaged me up [6]. That thought led to me wondering just how many Americans can’t afford medical treatment for accident like that. I hung up the phone – Jo was still prattling on, and I think I absentmindedly told her “thanks a bundle, gotta go” – so I could call [H.E.W. Secretary Nelson] Rockefeller. I figured it was high time I took a firm stand for all the American men, women and children who wind up hurt in unforeseeable accidents.

– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974


With the recent events in Cambodia boosting his popularity, it appears the Colonel has decided to work, seemingly with the Democrats back in control of the House, to pass “some real meaningful” healthcare legislation. In a short announcement made at a press briefing held earlier today, the President explained, “I have recently made it to the big 8-0 milestone, and I think not enough people make it to this age. I think we should try and do something about that.”

– The New York Times, 2/17/1971


– The Washington Post, 2/22/1971

…The Colonel’s first major disagreement with conservative Republican in 1971 arose in February, when Sanders called for the expansion of Medicare/Medicaid benefits. The move angered many politicians on the hill, even Senator Barry Goldwater (R-AZ), who had a relationship with the President that was at times shaky but more often friendly in nature. Despite clarifying his belief that “not all of it should be controlled solely by the Federal government. Statewide and local differences should be involved as well to ensure what works best for those communities is respected and used when appropriate,” the Colonel continued to face backlash. Conservative Representatives, for instance, voiced opposition to Sanders’ newest medicine proposals by claiming they would inhibit the livelihoods of doctors. Governor Ronald Reagan of California opposed the move even further by actively working to reverse the medical laws established under his predecessor...

– Mark Pendergrast’s “For God, Country, and Kentucky Fried Chicken,” Perfect Formula Publishing, 2000


…the First Lady was attending an exhibit on 19th-century European luxury living when she announced the donation to the museum… [7]

– The Baltimore Sun, 3/2/1971


The Sacramento Union, 3/3/1971

During the final two years of his Presidency, Colonel Sanders sided with Democrats over Republicans several times. For instance, in March 1971, arguments between Sanders and conservative Republicans (and some of the conservative Democrats) helped the Senate pass a bill that provided financial and medical aid for low-income aged and low-income disabled individuals. Spending on Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid all increased slightly by the end of the Sanders administration as well. This careful overseeing of America’s socioeconomic situation contributed to the US poverty rate dropping from 16.7% in 1964 to 9.9% in 1973 [8].

– Meg Jacobs’ Pressure at the Polls: The Transformation of American Politics in the 1970s, 2016 net-book edition

“The President seems to be out for revenge for the G.O.P. rejecting his Reverend friend’s Federal Assistance Dividend proposal.”

– Former HEW Secretary Oveta Culp Hobby, National Review, early March issue


– The Chicago Tribune, 3/4/1971

POSTAL STRIKE ENDS: Management, Workers Agree to 10% Pay Rise As Economy Climbs

– The Guardian, 3/8/1971

…earlier today, popular 4-star US Army General Creighton Abrams was awarded another medal for leading operation that toppled Cambodia’s dictatorial Pol Pot regime. Abrams was then promoted again, this time to Chief of Staff of the Army, the most senior uniformed officer in the Department of the Army. Abrams is celebrated for his leadership skills in military operations in the nations of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia…

– The Overmyer Network Evening News, 3/9/1971


…“We need clearer codes of conduct that are neither repressive nor ineffective,” argues Bernhard Willard Goetz Sr, a bookbinding businessman from upstate New York, “I and the men who work for me need to know what exactly the legal distinction is between honest flirtation and inhibiting a fellow employee’s workplace performance before we can feel comfortable hiring a woman.”…

– The Los Angeles Times, 3/10/1971


– The Washington Post, 3/12/1971

We have just confirmed reports that FBI agents have shot and killed a pro-socialist college professor resisting arrest in New York City. Lyndon LaRouche, a lecturer on Marxism at the city’s “Free School” establishment, was approached by FBI agents with a warrant for his arrest. While the charges have not been made formal, valid sources state he was being charged with espionage and treason. LaRouche had openly and publicly made several anti-government sentiments in recent years concerning America’s military activities overseas. Last month, for example, LaRouche called President Sanders “a tyrant who needs to be stopped.” After LaRouche began resisting arrest, a loyal cabal of LaRouche students attempted to physically stop the FBI officers from entering the building, but the students were overpowered. Details are currently sketchy, but for whatever reason, agents shot and killed LaRouche inside the building in question. This is a developing story…

– NBC News, 3/15/1971 broadcast


[pic: ]

– Colonel Sanders body doubles discuss strategy during the President’s political trip to a heavily Democrat part of Boston, Massachusetts, 3/17/1971


…Chief Justice Johnson Led the unanimous court decision just two weeks into the job… In the case of Griggs v Duke Power Co., the court determined that the public utility company Duke Power was discriminating against African-American employees via job application tests that disparately impacted ethnic groups, thus violating Title VII of the 1962 Civil Rights Act…

– The Washington Post, 3/18/1971

An unexpected side effect of the ruling was that it led to companies switching from administrating IQ tests to requiring workers to have college degrees. In his later years, as he became aware of the policy shift in more and more companies, Colonel Sanders denounced it as “discriminatory – no piece of paper or IQ test can prove if someone can’t do a job. Letting them try the job will do it!” and suggested the companies should promote or rely more often on trial periods in connection to their hiring processes.

– Paul Ozersky’s Colonel Sanders and the American Dream, University of Texas Press, 2012



[pic: ]

…In recent months, Cesar Chavez, US Senator Joseph Montoya (D-NM), and three US Congressmen have voiced support for the idea of Puerto Rican statehood. The call stems from the crucial military role that Puerto Rico played during the Cuban War, which has in turn led to a rise in tourism and a healthier better economy in recent years. Backers also point to historical precedence – Hawaii and Alaska joined the union after playing key roles in World War II’s Pacific Theater…

The biggest hurdle for such a movement, however, would be the language barrier. While an overwhelming majority of Alaskan and Hawaiian natives spoke English at the time when our 49th and 50th states were admitted, less than 10% speak of Puerto Rican residents actually speak English fluently; over 90% of residents primarily speak Spanish as a primary language instead [9]. “A country needs its citizens to be able to understand one another – let English naturally develop more on the island before granting it statehood,” advices phonetics expert Professor... [10]

The Miami Herald, 3/19/1971

38TH STATE APPROVES 26TH AMENDEMENT: “VP Vacancy” Amendment To Become Official

The Washington Post, 3/21/1971

But the people of Corbin were more patient than the Colonel. And, despite past trends, were forgiving. They voted for my stepdad in a landslide, and continued his air-based proposal without him. And finally, after passing the feasibility study, the land approval and the hirings, and the endless piles of charts, cash flows, and construction, the Colonel Sanders Corbin Airfield opened on March 27. The product has since then proved to have been a good idea, as it did end up producing revenue for the town. And that led to it almost doubling in since from 1971 to 1979, quickly growing from a relatively famous small town to a bustling mini-metropolis of sorts...

– John F. Ruggles, WMOR 1330 AM radio, 1/8/1981 program broadcast

PM Holt Feels Heat In Australia’s Own Ms. Arkansas Scandal

…Seven female interns of five prominent national politicians, all belonging to the Liberal alliance, under which Holt governs the nation, are seeking legal action for workplace pestering. An eighth woman, a parliamentary secretary has accused her boss of attempted rape… Holt’s office has still commented on this developing story

– Mary McCarthy, reporting for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 3/28/1971

Since entering office in March 19, 1965, Romania’s head of State, General Secretary Gheorghe Apostol had only continued his predecessor’s focus on left-leaning western nations such as France, and agitation toward the U.S.S.R.’s politburo. Under these conditions, Romania’s quality of life improved, while Apostol fell out of favor with even moderate Soviet leaders such as Kosygin.

Lying in wait for the chance to take Apostol’s job was Prime Minister Ion Gheorghe Maurer, who found an apparent ally in the form of Elena Ceausescu (cow-shez-coo), whom was often referred to as simply “Elena.” After the murder of her husband, most likely under the orders of Apostol’s predecessor, in 1965, Elena charmed her way into the Communist party and immersed herself into how the organization ran. In July 1967, she was elected a member of the Central Commission on Socio-Economic Forecasting, and in July 1968 became a full member of the Romanian Communist Party Central Committee. After convincing Emil Bodnaras to nominate her, she was elected to the party’s Executive Committee in July 1969. In March 1970, she was elected to Romania’s national legislature, the Great National Assembly, holding the seat for Arges County, in Romania’s important industrial region. In January 1971, Elena rose from once being a mere secretary working in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to being the Minister of Foreign Affairs, where she made up for her lack for qualifications for the job and sometimes-poor understanding of geopolitics by charming the leaders of other Warsaw Pact nations with lavish dinner parties and trips.

On March 29, 1971, Maurer orchestrated a coup d’état while Apostol was visiting Austria that resulted in Maurer declaring himself the new General Secretary and Apostol seeking political asylum in East Germany. With her close ally now in power, Elena was again promoted, this time to serving as Maurer’s second-in-command. The next several weeks saw debate over how Maurer should rule internally as he repaired relations with the Soviet Union. Such talks ceased on July 12, when Maurer was shot by a sniper during a visit to a factory near Brazov. The killer successfully fled the scene.

As his successor, Elena Ceausescu became the nation’s first female General Secretary. The pro-USSR Elena being in power was acceptable to Kosygin, who was mostly preoccupied trying to improve the Soviet economy. Furthermore, members of both the Soviet and Romanian political systems saw her as the Warsaw Pact’s answer to the Ms. Arkansas Wave seemingly destabilizing western capitalist countries at the time. The logic was that the Warsaw Pact could avoid such destabilization by promoting feminism and the communist ideal of equality, and what better way then by the Soviets having a satellite nation that had a female head of state? Additionally, Elena was (at least initially) fairly popular. Her humble origins – born into peasantry in Wallachia in 1916 and failing to finish grade school – was relatable to many Romanians, whom Elena inspired by telling them that communism was “a means by which the working poor could have a larger,” or the only, “say in how the country was run.” [11]

The truth, however, was that Elena was as cunning as she crude, devious, and vindictive behind closed doors. As she was not well-educated, she instead had blackmailed and bribed her way into several government positions. Wanting to present herself as someone whose intelligence could not be questioned, Elena had used Maurer’s connections to get a PhD in chemistry 1969 despite handing in assignments clearly written by other people.

As General Secretary, an intense personality cult formed around the alleged “Mother of the Nation.” Romanian Television was quickly given strict orders to take great care portraying her on screen. For instance, she was never supposed to be shown in profile because of her large nose. [12]

The most consequential action Elena undertook, however, was the reversing of the liberalization/westernization efforts undertaken throughout the 1960s. Immediately after becoming General Secretary, Elena used the (suspicious) circumstances of her predecessor’s death to justify declaring marshal law and leading the Great National Assembly in passing several new rules that restricted travel and increased security. Under this veil of ensuring the nation’s safety, Elena sought to rule Romania with a totally totalitarian iron fist.


[pic: ]

Above: Elena, surrounded by five bodyguards, during an official visit to Moscow, c. August 1971

– Vladimir Tismaneanu’s Stalinism For All Seasons: A Political History of Romanian Communism, University of California Press, Third Edition, 2023

HOST: What we’re talking about today was the Colonel’s apparent confusion during a meeting with, um, Juan, uh, Grullon, the president of the Dominican Republic, where the President kept referring to Bosch as the President of “Dominica.” Even worse, he seemed to forget the names of other attendees, and walked off the wrong side of the podium stage toward the end of the evening. Now, the White House has so far not commented on the incident, but I have seen the reports and believe the President’s age is catching up to him.

CO-HOST: I disagree, fella. The President just seemed to be tired. If I had to lead the free world, I wouldn’t have that many long night, you know? And in the President’s defense, there is a country named Dominica.

HOST: But the fact remains that as President he has the responsibility to be aware which is which.

CO-HOST: – and to get at least eight hours of sleep, I’ll give you that one –

HOST: – but I for one fear that it this incident could be the signal something much worse than mere drowsiness. After all, the President is eighty years old; the odds of him developing the early stages of, say, losing some of his faculties, are pretty high now.

CO-HOST: Uh! Being groggy and old doesn’t mean you’re not all there!

–Transcript of exchange between the Host and Co-Host of WHCV-AM, news/talk radio, 4/7/1971 broadcast

17 April 1971: On this day in history, MP Jeremy Thorpe stepped down from leading the Liberal party over revelations concerning his relationship with one Norman Scott, in a scandal often considered to be one of the many that came about during the “Ark Wave” of 1970


Murphy managed to kick his gambling addiction thanks to veteran rehabilitation and addiction-combating programs set up during the third term of California Governor Pat Brown, followed by Governor Ronald Reagan’s April 1971 outlawing of all slot machines in California (a favor to the Religious Right that elected him to office), which bothered Murphy, as he disliked having to travel out of state to gamble. These factors helped Murphy to instead focus on getting out of debt, staring by appearing in numerous TV shows and, to a lesser extent, films, which also increased his fame…


On April 29 [1971] another N1 rocket launch ended in failure, the third failure in a row. He engineer Vladimir Chelomey called it a “trial and error,” but I did not believe that we could afford any more such failures. Already, Americans were exploring moon, and while many appreciated Kosygin’s increase in some safety procedure requirements, the men were still being run ragged. Many were even being sleep deprived, causing them to be clumsy on the job.

“We must keep to the schedule,” Chelomey and his superiors would often say.

“An axman who does not stop to sharpen his blade will never finish his chores first,” I once told him.

“What the hell does that mean?” was his reply.

Finally, I said, “Vladimir, if we really have to keep to this schedule, let’s at least bring in some more workers.”

“How many more?”

“Five percent, maybe.”

He thought it over, thinking about the possibility that alleviating the work of each person could make them go faster “2-and-a-half percent”


In December [1971], I was ebullient to report to Kosygin that the rate of progress had increased. I told him I was certain we could send a man to the moon in just two years. The working for said manned mission program was “Chelovechestvo,” [“Humanity” in Russian], which I found to give a positive message even if it was a bit wordy.

Among the Stars: The Autobiography of Yuri Gagarin, 1995

…Specifically, Father invited the Beatles in to the East Room, the main reception room and largest room in the White House. John Lennon’s wife Cynthia Powell joined Father, Maggie, Claudia and I, along with Linda McCartney, Maureen Starr, and Pattie Harrison.

During the informal shindig, John spent much of the talking politics with Father and sharing witty jokes and comebacks. George stuck out as the quietest of the four, not exactly an introvert but still the least talkative of the three. During the few moments when he did talk, it was cynical in nature. He sharply contrasted Ringo, the proverbial life of the party, who reportedly kept the group’s spirits high after the attempt on their lives. Maggie, a fan of the band, practically through herself at Paul.

The four seemed relieved to not have to talk about their music and instead just take a breather from the industry in which they worked. Toward the end of the evening, George summed up their occupation as “arduous and sometimes unrewarding.” Ringo added, “We all spend countless hours perfecting our songs, but nobody ever cares about that side of the scene, you know?” Father retorted with the notion, “Friends, family, laughter, love – those are the things that really make life rich and worth living. It’s the same stuff that is supposed to make the hard work you do in life worth doing. I work for the love of my friends, family, and country. When you work, you should work for those kind of things – that’ll make all the hard work worth it.”

– Harland David “Harley” Sanders Jr.’s In the Thick of It: The Story of The Colonel and His Son, Sunrise Publishing, 1991

An example of unsung heroism featuring the women being trained began in April 1971, when astronaut Scott Carpenter (b. 1925) was injured in a fire during a testing of Apollo 17’s exhaust system. Carpenter was ultimately cleared for service and landed on moon with Roger Chaffee and Alan Bean in mid-May 1971, but in 1987, Carpenter revealed what was once well-known within the walls of NASA – that trainee Janet Dietrich’s quick thinking during the fire saved his life. Her bravery and action impressed NASA’s higher-ups...

Time Magazine, 1991 commemorative issue


Olympia, WA – A small explosion shook both the state capitol and its political world earlier today. A bomb detonated in the office of Lieutenant Governor Arthur Fletcher, killing Fletcher’s bodyguard and chauffer, a one Theodore Robert Bundy. Fletcher, who is an African-American Republican, was the likely intended target, according to police officials. Racist individuals and groups have been sending Fletcher death threats ever since his 1968 campaign and subsequent victory in a year favoring Republicans. None of those threats, however, were this severe. The bomb detonated at a time when Bundy was retrieving papers for Fletcher to review at the Lieutenant Governor’s home. Nobody else was injured or killed in the bombing.

The Olympian, Washington State newspaper, 4/14/1971

…In the case of Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Ed, the US Supreme Court has ruled 6-to-3 that busing students to promote integration is constitutional but cannot be enforced onto parents who refuse to partake in it. Chief Justice Johnson led the majority with Associate Justices Sarah T. Hughes, William O. Douglas, William Brennan, Hugo Black, and Tom C. Clark, while John M. Harlan led the dissident with Edward H. Levi and Potter Stewart...

– NBC News, 4/20/1971


The Guardian, 29/4/1971


…“artistic power couple” Tommy Chong and Yoko Ono has adopted an infant girl from the war-torn Kingdom of Laos…

– The Hollywood Reporter, side article, 5/1/1971


[pic: ]

– US President Harland “Colonel” Sanders walking on the south lawn of the White House, approaching a podium to announce the end of active US military activities in Cambodia, 5/2/1971; the subsequent gradual withdrawal of American troop would last six months


…the three restaurants are located in Belfast, Bangor and Newcastle, and are expected to help the local economy… KFC opened others restaurants earlier this year in the Republic of Ireland: one at coastal Dundalk, near the border dividing the Emerald Isle, and the other in the city of Waterford…

The Boston Globe, 5/2/1971

In February 1971, Senator Gravel sent a letter to the US Atomic Energy Commission hearings held in Anchorage. In it, Gravel proclaimed their planned testing of nuclear material to be not worth the risk of potential consequences to the environment in the earthquake prone region of Amchitka Island, which was being prepped for said tests (which were scheduled for May). The commission replied that such testing had already been scaled back significantly since 1969, but Gravel was joined in the call for the cancellation of the test by Senators Ernest Gruening (D-AK), Wayne Morse (D-OR), and Ted Sorensen (D-NE), and Representatives John E. Moss (D-CA3) and Trudy Cooper (D-SD2). Believing that “The Colonel needs to go even farther if he truly wants there to be no nuclear wars,” Gravel personally met with the Colonel, but, according to some historians, Gravel failed to explain when and where the test should occur, if not on the remote Amchitka Island.

Gravel next took the case to the US Supreme Court, which declined to issue an injunction against the testing; the test occurred three months later, as planned. Later in the year, however, Gravel sponsored a bill to impose a moratorium on all nuclear power plant construction and to make power utilities liable for any nuclear accidents. The bill came at a time when many American people and politicians considered nuclear energy to be a cleaner energy source and a better use of nuclear/atomic energy. Gravel’s activism eventually culminated in the December 1971 Atomic Liability Act, stipulating nuclear power companies would be held responsible for fatal nuclear accidents, but the act included no moratoriums. Nevertheless, Gravel proudly touted the bill as a success.


Colonel Parker sought to capitalize off the success of Elvis’ tour of Europe, for which Parker opted to stay in the states and monitor the situation through constant phone calls to Vernon and Priscilla… Inspired by President Sanders’s historic visit to China in 1968 [13], Parker began preparing for a “worldwide celebration of Elvis.” Finally the day came on May 8, 1971; the long-awaited “Aloha from Hawaii via Satellite” live Elvis performance broadcast was an even bigger success than the Elvis in Europe tour…

– Ernst Jorgensen’s Elvis and the Two Colonels: Day by Day, Ballantine Books, 1999


…Governor Wallace’s most recent attempt to alter our state, this new “Equal Tenant Treatment” law, is an attack on landlords and homeowners who wish to not lower their property values…

Birmingham News, opinion piece, 5/11/1971

…earlier today, President Sanders gave a speech calling for businesses and congress to support employee mandates that offer better private health insurance to more employees. The President also called for more funding for programs to help single mothers with minor children such as day care funding, pointing to the long-term success of federal school programs passed in his first term…

– The Overmyer Network Evening News, 5/12/1971

…And in tonight’s Republican primary for Governor, good ol’ Robison won over former nominee Louis Nunn. Robison was strongly endorsed by President Colonel Sanders, but the fact that Nunn won roughly 35% of the primary vote makes this reporter think that support for the Colonel is dropping – that the Colonel’s endorsement is no longer strong enough to bury political opponents, uh, metaphorically-speaking…

– WSFC (1240 AM), 5/25/1971 broadcast

…So, for y’all that may not have already heard, former governor Happy Chandler has won Democratic primary for Governor. Here’s a breakdown of what happened. First off, Happy face divided opposition. He was running against another former Governor, uh, Bert Combs, state Senator Wendell Ford, and several others who all together won about 4 or 5 percent of the total vote tonight. Second, Chandler has finally embraced the campaign features of the modern era, getting himself on TV and so on. Thirdly, while the other fellas in the run were eloquent and longwinded, Chandler was the only one who seemed to actually answer any of the questions asked on the campaign trail. He’s certainly learned from his previous unsuccessful bids. We’ll now just have to wait and see if he can beat incumbent Governor Robsion in, uh, November…

– WVLK (AM), 5/25/1971 broadcast


– The New Hampshire Gazette, 5/12/1971

30 March 1971: House of Commons member Lord Lambton is accused of attempting to recruit two underage women he apparently mistook for call girls

26 April 1971: an aide to Powell’s Home Secretary resigns over allegations of sexual pestering.

13 May 1971: Lord Lambton resigns from government after his arrest for soliciting minors; he is ultimately acquitted.

14 May 1971: the Earl Jellicoe of the House of Lords admits to having had “some casual affairs” with call girls in the wake of an accidental confusion with Lord Lambton’s prostitution scandal. The name Jellicoe emerged as a result of a connection between Lambton and Lambton visiting a Somers Town tenement house called Jellicoe Hall, named after the Earl Jellicoe’s distant cousin Basil Jellicoe (1899-1935). Nevertheless, the admission led to him resigning from his position in the government.

8 July 1971: an aide to the Mayor of London is arrested for attempted rape of a female co-worker; he is ultimately acquitted.



– The Connecticut Post, 5/24/1971

Governors Wallace, Castro, And Sawyer Join Democratic Senators Calling For Expansion Of Party Presidential Primaries

– The Sacramento Union, 5/27/1971


– The Sydney Morning Herald, 28/5/1971

I had big shoes to fill after the [1963] death my father and the founder of Wal-Mart. I was young and not too experienced and almost ran this company into the ground. By May 1971, when I was 26, it felt like the banks were closing in on me. I was ready to throw in the towel. But with the help of family, friends, the good people of Arkansas, and the Colonel Sanders deregulation and tax incentive policies, we managed to expand Wal-Mart from a small chain of discount stores in Arkansas into an impressive franchise – stores were founded in, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Oklahoma by 1972, and we expanded into eastern Texas and Missouri by 1973. And now look at us, our store, Father’s dream – an enterprise of over 2,100 stores strewn across 34 states. And our net total revenue this year, fellow Wal-Marters? (pause) $1.2 billion – our best year in nearly a decade! I couldn’t be prouder of all of you!”

– S. Robson “Rob” Walton (net worth: $2billion) at a private business-dinner function, 2/5/2013


– The Connecticut Post, 6/1/1971


[pic: ]

– Governor Ronald Reagan (R-CA) eating KFC at a political function, 6/3/1971

On June 4, 1971, the vote composition ended up being 6-to-3: Chief Justice Frank Minis Johnson, John M. Harlan, and Potter Stewart sided with Kuhn, while Edward H. Levi, Sarah T. Hughes, Hugo Black, William O. Douglas, Tom C. Clark, and William Brennan sided with Curt Flood. Under the Sherman Antitrust Act, baseball qualified as an interstate commerce, and the reserve clause violated the act. And with the dismantling of barring players from negotiating signing onto other terms for the first year after leaving a team, the court case effectively opened the door for Free Agency in major league baseball.

– John Helyar’s Lords of the Realm: The Real History of Baseball, Ballantine Books, 1994

“I’d also like to take this moment to thank Senator Mondale for supporting this bill. Fritz has been in my corner since my mayoral run in 1947. He’s co-sponsored Medicare with me, and actively supported the Civil Rights Act with me. It’s nice to know that I can trust the Senator that I always sit next to in the chamber.”

– Hubert Humphrey at Democratic Party fundraiser in D.C., 6/5/1971


[pic: ]

– US Senators Walter Mondale and Hubert Humphrey, prior to either one publicly announcing their Presidential aspirations, c. May 1971

…Governor Phil Hoff (D-VT) signs into law today the Free Health Care Act, establishing a “universal healthcare system” for the state of Vermont… The legislation is reportedly based on and inspired by the legislation passed in Canada in August 1969 during their previous Paul Hellyer government…

– The Boston Globe, 6/7/1971

Détente’s continuation into 1971 is evident by the signing of the Strategic Planetary International Care Elucidation (S.P.I.C.E.) Treaty in June of that year. Meant to clarify the parts of the 1968 Strategic Universal Geopolitical Arms Reduction (S.U.G.A.R.) Treaty concerning the disposing of hazardous nuclear material in regards to transportation over international borders, the treaty was minor in scope. However, because the meeting in Geneva between Sanders and Kosygin developed an almost friendly atmosphere, with the two leaders smiling and telling jokes after the official ceremony, gave to many high hopes for the future.

– David Tal’s US Strategic Arms Policy in the Cold War: Negotiation & Confrontation, Routledge, 2017


Minneapolis Star, 6/15/1971

Mondale: A Better Direction For the 1970s

– Mondale ’72 Slogan


Quebec’s Bill 203 [14], which would have made French the only official language in the province of Quebec, was struck down by the Canadian judicial system today on the grounds that English-speaking Natives would be at a disadvantage. …A major concern was that English-speaking motorists driving through the province could be endangered by French-only road signs. …A possible resolution may be to make English the province’s official “secondary language,” which would require it to be used on all road signs and public information signs, but would not make it a require it to teach it in schools in Quebec...

– The Kimberley Daily Bulletin, Canadian newspaper, 6/18/1971

As was the case in 1967, Humphrey decides against an active campaign for President. This time, however, it was over concerns for his wife, the introverted Muriel. In June of 1971, Humphrey spoke with freshman Senator John Glenn, whose wife Anne suffered at the time from a speech impediment. Glenn reportedly told the former Vice President “publicity is doing a number on her, and she’s a brave trooper.” Humphrey mulled back, “yes, and we just had a Senate race. But a Presidential race… More cameras, more prying eyes than anyone would, could, or should ever want.” Glenn would later write, “Politics can, have and will break up families. From what I have seen, I can say one definitive thing – when running for public office, your family has to be all-in on it. Not reluctantly, but willingly. All in.” Humphrey heeded Glenn’s advice, and determined that his positioning for the nomination was even more secure than it was four years ago, when Johnson’s Folley (i.e., Cuba) still lingered in the air and Kennedy managed to secure a large portion of the opposing vote. But in 1971, anti-Humphrey opposition seemed fractured. Humphrey ergo treated the race as a stroll instead of a marathon.

– Carl Solberg’s H.H.H.: A Biography, Borealis Books, 1984 (2001 edition)


Hundreds have women have traveled to training centers in Texas and Florida with the hopes of enduring a rigorous months-long training process. While over two dozen women have been hired for their ground testing programs, NASA hired the best five of the women for special training to actually go into space:

Jerrie Cobb: the unofficial leader of the “Lunar Ladies” movement, Cobb is now closer to achieving her goal of going to space than ever before.

Janet & Marion Dietrich: with these 44-year-old identical twin sisters, NASA may be able to study how spending time in space physically affects the human body.

Jane Briggs Hart: at 49, Hart is the oldest woman to be selected by the program. Her marriage to a now-former Senator was the source of much contention over her presence in the training program, and received flak from both media outlets and her fellow would-be “woman-nauts” for supposed political influence.

Irene H. Leverton: this 43-year-old aspiring moonwalker is a pilot and flight instructor who partook in the original 1961 trainings.

Emily H. Warner: at 32, this longtime-flying Coloradan is the youngest of the women hired to go into space.

– The Miami Herald, 6/22/1971

While I never experienced it, I do remember how many of the women who quit later claimed they dropped out because of the men at NASA created a hostile environment. Some even claimed some of the guys violating their privacy at whatnot. While I do remember one trainee who dropped out finding her locker broken into and filled with dildos, I think that really says more about the guys than us. I mean, where did the guys even get them? But like I said, I never experienced anything that wasn’t professional or friendly kidding around. We were there to get a job done, not to goof off and then some. Or, possibly, maybe the male astronauts were just too nervous to hit on us, what with the Ms. Arkansas Wave still going strong at the time and the heads NASA heavily monitoring our interactions with the guys, and visa-versa.

– Emily Warner, 2019 interview


– The Washington Post, 6/27/1971

As the year progressed, Vice President Scranton’s increasing visibility in the administration led to whispers suggesting that the Man from PA was the one truly in charge, and not the octogenarian-in-chief. In reality, the Colonel had taken a liking to his younger understudy, and wanted to help him “become a household name” ahead of the 1972 Presidential election, according to Harley Sanders.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

The drink was a family devil that not even Ted could defeat. We thought it wasn’t too serious until the incident. On July 7, 1971, Ted drove his Bentley off part of the highway to Reno and slide down a hillside until its rocky surface turned the car to the driver’s side before tipping it onto its top before the car stopped at the hill’s bottom. Ted received a broken arm and nobody else was injured, but Ted was arrest for driving drunk. Knowing the future of his newspaper – and more importantly, the future of our marriage – was at stake, Ted did the right thing, which coincidently was exactly what I told him to do. Ted held a press briefing on the 28th, wherein he admitted, “I am not proud of the fact that I am an alcoholic, but rest assured that I will be taking a leave of absence from the Union to begin counseling.” Years later, Ted would claim that the incident opened his eyes to the dangers of the drink, and the experience made him a stronger person. The experience also was what sparked his famous passion for healthcare and Alcoholics Anonymous...

– Joan Bennett Kennedy’s There Are Always Two Tomorrows: My Life in an American Dynasty, Centurion Publishers, 1999


…The decision is a reversal of his initial refusal to “abandon to the wolves” the staffers in question. …Sources state Powell had grown concerned in recent days over increasingly poor approval polling, and aides have been “repeatedly” reminding him of the political ramifications of the Ms. Arkansas Wave in the United States midterms of November 1970. “Powell has the next general election to think about, and maintaining the confidence of his own party, which has been waning as of late, is pivotal if he wants to stay in power.”

– The Guardian, 7/7/1971

MONDALE IS AN OPPORTUNIST: After Twelve Uneventful Years in the US Senate, Minnesotans Should Not Support His The Presidential Bid.

– Rep. Al Quie (R-MN), The Star Tribune, 7/9/1971 op-ed

Mondale is a friend and ally of unions. Never forget it was the unions that got child labor outlawed, brought us the 8-hour workday, worked in favor of healthcare plans such as maternity leave and sick leave, got us weekends and vacation time, and promote social security and Medicare and Medicaid. And Fritz Mondale supports all of those things, and consistently has ever since I appointed him to the Senate in 1961.

– Former Governor Orville Freeman, 7/10/1971 radio interview

In July 1971, under the advice of then-Congressman Ben Reifel, President Sanders recommended self-determination for Indian tribes to be a goal for the federal government to achieve before the end of his term. A year later, Sanders signed into law the 1972 Indian Self-Determination and Development Assistance Act, which allowed for federal government agencies to enter into contracts with federally recognized tribes – contracts which would assure tribes would have more control over funds used for their needs.

Braid of Feathers: American Indian Law and Contemporary Tribal Life, University of California Press, 1997


– The Wall Street Journal, 7/16/1971

Burger Chef was founded in 1957, three years after brothers Frank Thomas Jr. and Donald Thomas, operators of the General Equipment Corporation of Indianapolis, Indiana, patented a flame broiler and soon opened a restaurant in Indianapolis.

The Thomas brothers knew McDonald’s CEO Ray Kroc back when they sold competing soft ice-cream machines in the early 1950s. The Thomas brothers, with their brother-in-law Robert Wildman, decided to enter the burger business after manufacturing a hamburger broiler for Burger King co-founder David Edgerton. Deciding to mimic McDonald’s company system but needing a unique angle for development, Burger Chef followed a strategy of opening franchises in small towns; by the time General Foods acquired Burger Chef in 1968, the restaurant had over 800 locations. Under new management, Burger Chef locations quickly spread out to over 1,000 nationwide by 1971, making it a burger giant on par with McDonald’s, and surpassing the availability of Burger King and KFC’s Wendyburger Menu.

At the start of the 1970s, however, the burger market began becoming saturated, and Burger Chef’s expansion strategy was beginning to fail as underperforming sales, especially ones in franchises in poor locations, caused the company’s yearly earnings to actually drop for 1970. General Foods went back to basics and sought out better locations. They also slowed growth to focus on quality and customer satisfaction.

This led to the 1971 introduction of “the Works Bar,” where customers added their own toppings from a wide variety of choices; the move set Burger Chef apart from the rest; following this was their 1973 “FunMeal” toy line for children, which was “the inspiration” behind McDonald’s “McHappy Meal” toy line of the 1980s.

Rival company’s responded to Burger Chef’s rise in different ways. The KFC Company, under the leadership of CEO Mildred Sanders, believed in Dave Thomas’s Wendyburger, and did not address the competition directly. McDonald’s CEO June Martino, however, decided to not take any chances, and began a second “burger war” to trounce the company’s latest competition. “Whenever a Burger Chef opened in a small town, McDonald’s was quick to open one of their own restaurants somewhere nearby, whether it was in the city next door, or right down the block,” states Martino’s former secretary...


[pic: ]
Above: Burger Chef’s logo in the early 1970s

– R. J. Anderson’s Burger Chef: A History, Arcadia Publishing, republished 2019

...In political news, the state of Mississippi is reeling from an ethics scandal. The Jackson grand jury has indicted, or formally charged, the Chief of Staff of the state’s Governor, Republican Rubel Phillips, for accepting bribes in exchange for supporting state contracts in his role as an advisor to Phillips...

– NBC News, 7/26/1971 broadcast

ANCHOR: Earlier today, senior rights advocate Maggie Kuhn sat down with President Sanders at the White House.

KUHN (in footage): “Old people and women constitute America’s biggest untapped and undervalued human energy source.” [15]

ANCHOR: Kuhn is an active promoter of “elder rights” activities such as nursing home reform, mental health studies, and anti-ageism organizations. Last year, upon being forced to retire from her job for the Presbyterian Church at the age of 65, Kuhn founded the Gray Americans Organization to promote the aforementioned causes, as well as to promote peace and truth-in-advertising legislation. [snip] …The G.A.O. has found support among young women, with Kuhn stating, quote, “adolescents should be taken seriously and given more responsibilities by society. With their wit and energy, they too are a valuable human resource to squander.” Kuhn has also claimed that retirement homes are “glorified playpens” that isolate elderly people from the rest of society, quote, “shunning them for living for so long.” At her meeting with the President, the two reportedly discussed how to address concerns of age-based prejudice in the American workplace and workforce…

– ABC News, 7/29/1971 broadcast


…the Marine Corps League a Congressionally-chartered organization, while the Retired Enlisted Association is a non-profit organization working to better the quality of life for enlisted soldiers and their families...

Stars And Stripes, 7/30/1971

PRIMARY REFORM DEVELOPMENT: More State Governors Agree At NGA Meeting To Host Presidential Primaries Next Year

– The Washington Post, 8/1/1971


…While currently unclear of how audiences will respond to it, critics are already deriding the currently-untitled film’s premise. The studio’s press release describes the synopsis as follows: “When abused housewife Francesca (Marilyn Monroe) finds $7,000 dollars in a suitcase, she decides to seek out a better life – one without depending on her abusive husband Joe (Robert Wagner) for financial support – by using the money to secretly take night courses. Soon Francesca befriends a librarian named Lyra (Jane Fonda) who, after years of being sexual pestered by him, seeks to murder her boss (Peter Sellers). All while a mysterious duo track down the lost suitcase.” The script was written late last year…

– The Hollywood Reporter, 8/3/1971

“Well, it was an average day in Constantinople. It was peaceful – people were concerned over making a living than stirring up trouble. See, we usually got along with neighbors of different religions due to co-dependency – people other faiths contributed to the community through their trade or their skills or their wares, and so were cherished and loved. There was no need to fight until others convinced others to think otherwise. Idle hands are the devil’s playground, and apparently, the Bulgarians had very idle hands. I remember hearing the clamor, people running past my store window, and sirens going off. A went out and saw smoke rising. One of the Christian houses of worship – one of the important ones – was burning. You don’t need to be Christian to feel bad, to feel sorry for such a horrible sight as a House of God on fire. God doesn’t do harm to good people – but bad people do. A fortunately, for the sake of everyone, the bad people responsible were caught almost immediately!”

– Witness in 2001 interview for documentary of Greco-Turkish relations


The Guardian, UK newspaper, 5/8/1971


– The New York Post, 8/6/1971

“Alright, what on earth’s going on in Turkey this time?”

– President Harland “Colonel” Sanders to his foreign policy personnel, 8/5/1971 (multiple sources)

At the start of the 1970s decade, the Seventh Department of the First Main Directorate of the Bulgarian DS, or “State Security” (essentially, Bulgaria’s K.G.B.) developed “Operation Cross,” a plan to start a confrontation between the nations of Greece and Turkey, which the developers believed would compel the United States into “choosing a side.” The confrontation would arise from the destruction-by-fire of The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in Turkey, which is a highly valued part of the Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches. The goal of the operation was to, eventually, pull the side “abandoned” by the U.S. into the Warsaw Pact via stoking anti-western sentiment, or, at the very least, destabilize N.A.T.O.’s east Mediterranean front. The Deputy Head of the Directorate, believing their destabilizing of the region would impress the Soviet Union, approved the plan in early 1970.

The “Bulgarian Plot,” as the operation was later called outside of Bulgaria, called for three Bulgarian agents (two being secret Turkish collaborators recruited by January 31) to study the location in question by November 30, 1970; determine places that would be best for the placement of incendiary devices by March 15; and the sending of two more agents, both professional arsonists, to the location by April 30. [17]


Operation Cross was finalized in May, ahead of schedule. However, while Bulgaria’s defense personnel, led by Defense Minister Dobri Dzhurov, approved of the plan, the nation’s leader, Bulgaria’s leader, Todor Zhivkov, was generally cautious and was unwilling to risk squandering the past decade of warming Greek-Bulgaria relations (much to the irritation of the USSR) for such a risky and blood-spilling ploy. According to the testimony of their former aides, Dzhurov and Zhivkov argued over the plan for weeks, with Dzhurov accusing Zhivkov of being either “a puppet of the Soviets” or “a spineless puppet of the Soviets” at some point in July. Furthermore, while Yuri Andropov of the Soviet Union’s KGB supported the plan, Soviet Premier Kosygin did not. In early August 1971, the Seventh Department of the First Main Directorate executed the plan, though on whose orders remains uncertain. Analysts are certain Bulgaria’s Zhivkov would not have executed the plan without Soviet approval first.

Thus, the question the Colonel, the US Defense department, the CIA, and the Greek and Turkish governments wished to answer was who had given the order.

“It’s luck that they were caught red-handed,” the Colonel noted.

“Actually, sir, it’s incredibly unfortunate,” Bonesteel explained. The Secretary of Defense and his aides explained how the intelligence and security apparatuses of both Greece and Turkey had greatly improved since the 1969 Turkish Missile Crisis. Both Turkish and Greek agents picked up on Bulgarian agent activity in the area, and noted how similar their actions were to the instigators of a bombing of a museum in Thessaloniki, during a hostile period between Turkey and Greece reached a peak in September 1955. The fact that the Greek and Turkish agents failed to stop the Bulgarian agents before they could set fire to the church was a failure in the eyes of Greek and Turkish officials.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014


The spiritual leader of 125 million Eastern Christians, died in Istanbul while hospitalized for a broken hip sustained in a fall last Thursday, when an arson attack on the city’s religiously important Ecumenical Patriarchate created chaotic panic and disarray in the city. The Greek-born, white-bearded, 6-foot 4-inch prelate became Ecumenical Patriarch in 1948 after seventeen years in New York as Greek Orthodox Archbishop of North and South America.

Newsweek, 8/8/1971

With the ecumenical see empty, the church looked for a successor, and found one in Makarios III. Having served simultaneously as the Archbishop of Cyprus and Primate of the autocephalous Church of Cyprus since 1950 and as the President of Cyprus since 1960, Makarios was a controversial figure amidst the move the absorb Cyprus into the nation of Greece. Greeks in Greece and Cyprus approved of the choice as a means of allowing Makarios to relinquish the Presidency for a “promotion,” while Turks in Turkey and Cyprus approved of removing a man seen as a nuisance whom was difficult to work with.

Ironically, the burning of the church actually eased tensions between Greece and Turkey by removing a controversial figure from the equation and giving the two nations a shared enemy – animosity toward Bulgaria lingered on in both nations for decades. The “Bulgaria Plot” had backfired by strengthening the region.

On August 12, Alexei Kosygin, having already disavowed all knowledge of the Bulgaria Plot, accused Bulgaria of “acting alone” in a phone call to President Sanders.

“I want to believe him,” said the Colonel, “because we’ve gotten along well before. But he’s the leader of the enemy, and he’s got to back up his words with some evidence.” The CIA concurred.

On August 15, agents working for Kosygin discovered flight logs showing that KGB head Yuri Andropov had flown to Bulgaria on July 28. Rather than firing Andropov for “going over his head,” Kosygin instead “tightened Andropov’s leash.” On August 17, Kosygin ordered Zhivkov to fire Dzhurov for insubordination; Zhivkov but as he was told. Dzhurov, failing to gather enough support to lead a planned coup in early 1973, moved to East Germany in the summer of 1972 “for health concerns.”

The whole situation left a feeling of awkwardness between Sanders and Kosygin that would last for months.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014


…the governor is following through on his 1970 pledge to double the number of black voter registrars in Alabama’s 67 counties: a report last month shows an increase of 67%.

– The Birmingham News, 8/15/1971

COLONEL SANDERS BACKS PEPPER IDEA: Florida Rep.’s Push For Senior Rights Act Gaining Strength

…Claude Pepper, head of the newly-created House Select Committee on Aging, is making his way around Capitol Hill, gathering support for a proposed “Senior Rights Act,” also referred to as an “Elderly Rights Act,” which would outlaw ageist discrimination policies in all 50 states. Pepper is also getting his fellow lawmakers on the committee to head investigations and hearings into activist Maggie Kuhn’s claims of abuse occurring in retirement homes nationwide…

– The Miami Herald, 8/30/1971

Geopolitical trends

Tensions between the Cold War era’s superpowers were “cool” at the start of the decade, as the proxy confrontations of the 1950s and 1960s gave way to a period of détente, arguably led by USSR leader Alex Kosygin, who sought to stabilize his country’s internal political chaos following the Shelepin and Inauri periods. The US’s President Sanders cooled tensions with China to impede their support of communist organizations in southern Asia and to prevent war from breaking out on the Korean peninsula, significantly altering Cold War dynamics and opening Red China to the west.


Musicians that either dominated, or rose to fame in, the 1960s, such as Bob Dylan and Tommy Chong, faded in popularity as newcomers such as Ambient Rock morphed into Razor Rock, its vanguards being groups such as Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin, and other performers that adhered to a younger coming-of-age audience of listeners. Women’s bands/singers such as Dolly Parton and Linda Ronstadt rose to prominence in the 1970s as well. These female performers reflected in their music the increasingly flexible and expanding variety of gender roles for women in the workforce of western countries, though an overwhelming majority of men remained the sole or primary breadwinners of households worldwide.


The 1968 opening of the US and China’s economies to each other led to the introduction of Bruce Lee to American and western audiences.



…The UK’s Dixon of Dock Green had a “bold” episode concerning rape that was controversial, but was nevertheless an early highlight of British television’s move to “realism” in its programming, as also seen in Doctor Who, Z-Cars, and Z-Cars’ spinoff series (“Softly, Softly”) [18]. …Many members of baby boomer generation came of age during the 1970s, and they demanded “barrier-free” programs. Expanding beyond the typical sitcom tropes and styles of the 1960s, '70s saw an increase in program diversity. These changing demands were the result of the “Ms. Arkansas Wave,” popularized by the British as “The Ark Wave,” “The Ms. Arkie Wave” or “The Arkie Wave.” Programs such as All My Children and All in the Family addressed “the boon of the Women’s Liberation movement” while still focusing more on the lives of housewives. The Carol Burnett Show adapted to the changing times too. Concurrently, the big four (NBC, CBS, ABC, and TON) produced numerous shows for the purpose of capitalizing off the Ark Wave, such as Police Women, Wonder Woman, Maude, and spinoffs such as The Bionic Woman. The Overmyer Network was quick to set themselves apart from the older three major networks with more programs appeasing to younger and more progressive audiences.

At the same time, the subject of war began to be presented in movies and television in less glamorous ways, with shows such as M*A*S*H covering not only the physical destruction brought about by warfare, but the psychological damage it created as well...

…Audiences were treated to a growing range of shows starring African-American actors can could be enjoyed by all races; the decade’s first major hit of such kind was Redd Foxx’s Sanford and Son, but more programs arose as the decade progressed…



[pic: ]

– A painting of Colonel Sanders, c. 1971; The Colonel was a prominent figure in pop culture during and long after his Presidency, both in the US and abroad

[1] All italicized portions are pulled from this informative article:
[2] Source:…
[3] Statistic found here:, which also states that IOTL, the number of murders in NY actually rose, from 746 in 1967 to 1,117 in 1970.
[4] Idea for the dam to fail courtesy of @Unknown. Here, the war in Cuba going on led to less time, energy, resources, and attention being allocated to the dam’s needs, leading to the dam’s water level not being lowered enough to prevent disaster like it did IOTL. As for the death toll, I looked at the records of other collapsed dams on Wikipedia for comparison, and considered the people evacuating ahead of the aftershock. If 1,100 seems too low, please say so.
[5] Found here: (page 10): the car accident in November 1926 occurred when the Sanders’ were living in Camp Nelson, KY, and Sanders was working for the Michelin Tire Company; he owned two cars, a fancy Maxwell car and an old Model T Ford.
[6] Edited version of a quote found here: (page 12): “Josephine helped her husband put a large loose flap of scalp back where it belonged, doused the wounds in turpentine, and bandaged him up.”
[7] According to the reviews on her 1980 biography found here:, Claudia’s personality was “mundane,” and she cared very much about the “styles of European and Asian” living.
[8] Based on this chart: (however, the Cuba War caused the rate to be lower than IOTL until 1963, when the Salad Oil Recession propelled it to higher than IOTL)
[9] See here:
[10] This entry is based on @Jackson_Lennock’s interesting thread/thought found here:
[11] Quote is from here:
[12] Italicized segment pulled from her Wikipedia article.
[13] The OTL Hawaii broadcast was “inspired by [the 1972] visit made by U.S. President Richard Nixon to China,” according to this source: Guralnick, Peter; Jorgensen, Ernst (1999). Elvis: Day by Day. Ballantine Books. ISBN978-0-345-42089-3.
[14] Basically an early version of this: brought about due to the alternate Quebec controversies of TTL’s 1960s under the Hellyer and extended Diefenbacker premierships.
[15] OTL quote.
[16] Idea taken from here:
[17] Specifics covered here:
[18] Before anyone asks, I know absolutely nothing about Doctor Who (apart from the fact that the franchise is too large for me to become invested in it at this point in my life), so please forgive me for the lack of any details here.

Also, here: I made a poll for the 1972 Democratic primaries!:

And here’s a breakdown of the candidates, both declared and undeclared, found on the poll:

Governor Mario Biaggi of New York (b. 1917, age 55) – proudly declaring himself the quintessential law-and-order candidate; Biaggi was the race’s early frontrunner, but now is facing criticism for his handling of the Attica prison riot-turned-massacre; still, the moderate is confident that he can bring together enough white-ethnic and suburban voters to form a “New Deal-like” coalition that can win him the nomination.

Former Governor Edmund Gerald “Pat” Brown of California (b. 1905, age 67) – after presiding over 12 years of economic growth, Brown is running on his moderate-to-liberal record (despite the controversies sprinkled throughout it) as governor of The Golden State and on his ability to be a unifying candidate in past elections.

Former Governor Robert Patrick “Bob” Casey Jr. of Pennsylvania (b. 1932, age 40) – the moderate “boy governor” has blue-collar appeal and could win over the youth vote, but some are concerned that his Catholic faith will doom him in the general election, as some have suggested that this was a contributing factor to the defeat the Democratic party’s last Catholic nominee, Jack Kennedy, who was nominated just four years ago.

Representative Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm of New York (b. 1924, age 48) – this African-American woman is mounting a serious campaign focused on bringing together a coalition of working-class voters from all ethnic groups; a progressive supporter of civil rights and women’s rights, her candidacy will at the very least provide a fresh perspective for multiple issues, or at the very most make for a historic and unprecedented campaign.

Retired Admiral John Geraerdt Crommelin Jr. of Alabama (b. 1902, age 70) – having spent 30 years in the US Navy, this perennial candidate brings military experience to the table and wants to greatly expand the US’s military capabilities and have the US take a firmer stand against Communism on the world stage; however, as a staunch defender of racial segregation and white supremacist talking points, who has run for public office several times since 1950 as a Democratic, Independent, or third-party candidate, he will have trouble winning over voters in a party that is quickly evolving away from such political positions; as if to emphasize how out-of-step he is with the national Democratic party, he has refused to debate Chisholm face-to-face.

Senator Maurice Robert “Mike” Gravel of Alaska (b. 1930, age 42) – calling for expanding social programs and environmental protection, Alaska’s energetic young lawmaker and political maverick is focusing more on domestic issues and foreign policy matters during what is his second run for the Presidency; he passionately supports expanding America’s healthcare system, denuclearization, environmental protection, grassroots political involvement, and détente.

Governor Philip Henderson “Phil” Hoff of Vermont (b. 1924, age 48) – a progressive and pragmatic pioneer of environmental, development, and social welfare programs concerned about racial justice and women’s rights, the Green Mountain state’s best-known Democrat was a potential pick for the Democratic nomination for Vice President in 1968 if Hubert Humphrey or Mike Gravel had won the Presidential nomination that year; as Hoff is transparent about being a former alcoholic, he has been endorsed by the moderate Harold Hughes of Iowa, who praises Hoff’s “open honesty” in discussing such “taboo” health-related topics during his bids for public office; his signature policy is converting the US healthcare system to a new system modeled off of Canada's.

Senator Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. of Minnesota (b. 1911, age 61) – former VP is running once more after coming so close to receiving the nomination in 1968; he may face a tough challenge from fellow Minnesotan Walter Mondale, who is running as a moderate with liberal appeal and as a younger and less “establishment-friendly” alternative to Hubert “The Happy Warrior” Humphrey.

Senator Henry Martin “Scoop” Jackson of Washington (b. 1912, age 60) – a career politician accused of being a “corporatist” for his deep ties to the aviation industry, Jackson believes he can break out from the crowded field by focusing on his impressive and lengthy record, especially his early support of civil rights (but not the bits about him supporting the Japanese internment camps during the 1940s).

Senator Eunice Mary Kennedy-Shriver of Massachusetts (b. 1921, age 51) – if she runs, this deep-pocketed advocate of healthcare expansion could capitalize on the “wave” of feminism brought about by the ripple effect of the Ms. Arkansas Scandal, though some are concerned that it may be too soon to nominate the sister of the man who lost the last Presidential election just four years prior.

Governor Cornelia Genevive Gjesdal “Coya” Knutson of Minnesota (b. 1912, age 60) – with an inspiring backstory and an impressive governing record, this moderate feminist icon has the experience for the job, and if she runs (and the campaigns of Mondale and Humphrey collapse), she just might be able to win over enough female voters, rural and suburban voters, and middle-class voters to clinch the nomination.

Governor Lester Garfield Maddox Sr. of Georgia (b. 1915, age 57) – as running as merely a controversial businessman in 1968, Maddox’s second presidential bid has more clout to it, as he won public office in the interim; a conservative who swears his opposition to racial integration was not racist, he may be able to win over social conservatives in the party.

Representative Patsy Matsu Takemoto Mink of Hawaii (b. 1927, age 45) – a champion of civil rights and woman’s rights, Mink is running on a campaign focused on early childhood education, environmental protection, and “direct democracy” reform; in office since 1965, she believes she has the experience and progressive record to win in the primaries or at the convention, and then in the general election.

Senator Walter Frederick “Fritz” Mondale of Minnesota (b. 1928, age 45) – coming from the liberal side of the party, Mondale is poised to oppose Humphrey in the primaries, as he is positioning himself as a younger alternative to the former Vice President who could appeal to more primary and general-election voters.

Senator Wayne Lyman Morse of Oregon (b. 1900, age 72) – this liberal Republican-turned-progressive Democrat is known for supporting D.C. home rule, opposing American alliances with dictatorial regimes, strongly opposing both the Cuba War and the Indochina Wars, and for pledging to “reverse the big money and big business domination of government.”

Former Senator Maurine Brown Neuberger of Oregon (b. 1907, age 65) – though she has not declared her candidacy, this progressive lawmaker may run if Morse bows out early; she is ideologically similar to Morse and Hoff, but could also win over women voters, or become a “compromise” candidate in the event of a deadlocked convention.

Former Representative John Richard Rarick of Louisiana (b. 1924, age 48) – deeply conservative with a reputation for using racially-tinged rhetoric while speaking on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives, Rarick is running because he believes he is more experienced and “likeable” than Maddox.

Representative Joseph Yale Resnick of New York (b. 1924, age 48) – the moderate-leaning congressperson is retiring from his seat to attempt an “underdog” campaign for the White House; best known as the inventor of a TV antenna in the 1950s that was inexpensive, easy to assemble, and install without the expertise of a specially trained technician, Resnick, in office since 1965, has backed civil rights legislation, the Indochina Wars, and animal protection laws, empowering the USDA’s ability to regulate animal use in research facilities; a heart attack survivor, he also supports expanding America’s healthcare system.

Former Governor J. Terry Sanford of North Carolina (b. 1917, age 55) – this moderate has been out of office for eight years, but is still popular and relevant in his home state for his impressive time as governor; currently serving as the President of Duke University, this undeclared candidate is favored by several southern politicians who are hoping to find someone (other than the populist George Wallace) to be the face of the “New” (post-segregation) South.

Former Governor F. Grant Sawyer of Nevada (b. 1918, age 54) – touting his successes during his three terms as Governor and hoping to receive the endorsement of John F. Kennedy should his sister Eunice Kennedy not run, the 1968 Democratic nominee for Vice President has streaks of libertarianism in his record that could appeal to some in both major parties, along with his record on promoting civil rights and social programs to help low-income families.

Governor George Corley Wallace Jr. of Alabama (b. 1919, age 53) – more populist than moderate this time around, Wallace will be a major candidate when he finally enters the race; he plans on running on a “forward-thinking” platform focused on early education and creating more jobs for blue-collar workers.

Please vote!
Last edited:
Good update.

The death toll looks OK to me; at least Reagan told everyone to evacuate--if he hadn't, the death toll would have been much higher and his governorship would be in jeopardy...

And I'm amazed that you got rid of Pol Pot, Lyndon LaRouche, and Ted Bundy in the same update (BTW, what led him to work in the Lieutenant Governor's office ITTL)…

On a side note, there are two people whose scandals/criminal acts will be exposed earlier ITTL due to the Ms. Arkansas wave movement: first, Jimmy Savile (here's more on him:, since, IMO, he needs to really go down big time (and, hopefully, he'll face justice ITTL) and, second, assuming Hogan's Heroes still is a show and Bob Crane is still a star, the fact that Crane was a serial womanizer and likely sex addict (though he's a saint compared to Savile, which says something about how awful Savile was) will come out earlier ITTL (including his videotaping of said sex acts); this likely butterflies away his 1978 murder in Arizona...

Just my .02.
Well, at least dozens of women won't wind up dead at his hands...

Getting back to Bob Crane, IIRC, there's no evidence he ever forced himself on/sexually assaulted a woman (though he was a repeated womanizer, and might have even been addicted to sex); videotaping his sex acts (which Crane did) is incredibly shady, though...
Nice chapter there- lots going on. Nice the President and the Beatles got on.

I wonder if the Ms. Arkansas movement means we see a female Captain on Star Trek?
Unknown has already caught some of the big things I did. However the biggest one will be free agency in baseball several years early.

The Curt flood case memes that baseball owners Kent have a lockout in mid-season like they did at the start of spring training in 1976 with our timelines free agency decision. However, they could do so in 1972 because they will want to stop players from taking too much advantage of this.

This, in turn, Mets mean that baseball's labor situation is viewed in the public eye with much more favor toward the players because in our timeline the first stoppage of games was in 1972 because of a strike and so it was hard for people to gather that owners had locked players out later.

Of course, this is after a trade so it only opens the door to negotiation on other free agency but that is really what happened with the messersmith decision of our timeline anyway.

Sanders will probably struggles son with his memory but now we know that he does sign a bill in summer of 1972.