Stonewall Jackson's Way: An Alternate Confederacy Timeline

What Timeline Should I Do Next?

  • Abandon the Alamo!

    Votes: 18 36.0%
  • We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists

    Votes: 26 52.0%
  • Old Cump and Pap

    Votes: 6 12.0%

  • Total voters
Chapter Thirty-Eight: The Forgotten Fronts: Political and Pacific
Chapter Thirty-Eight: The Forgotten Fronts: Political and Pacific

A photograph of U.S. soldiers deployed in Pacific Theater
In the histories of the Confederate-American War, two theaters are usually pushed out of the limelight in favor of the more action packed Eastern and Western Theaters. For one, it is because it had an utter lack of fighting. For the other, it was because it was fought in congressional chambers and not out on the battlefield. First, the Pacific Theater. In accordance with President Early's order for each state to raise troops, Arizona was assigned a number. The amount of men it was required was different from every other state, however. It was only required to raise a division's worth of men, as opposed to three division's worth for the other states. This was because President Early and General-in-Chief Joseph Johnston had no intent of using these troops, as they were too far away from the main theaters of action. Instead, they were merely to act as a garrison to Arizona should the U.S. raise troops to invade it. As a result, many of the men under Simon B. Buckner, the former Arizona territorial governor turned state governor turned commanding general of Arizona's troops, expected to see no combat, and many even brought their families along. The Confederate plan to remain defensive in the Pacific Theater, however, was not known in Philadelphia, and many believed Buckner was planning an invasion of California. As a result, a division of men under General Eugene A. Carr were sent to California to act as its garrison. Early and his fellow Washington politicians, however, read this as Conkling planning to invade Arizona. Thus, both sides were put on heightened alert, each expecting the other to invade. Neither side invaded, however, and camp life and the rare Native raid was what kept these men occupied.

Simon B. Buckner and Eugene A. Carr
The U.S. political front proved to have more action than the Pacific Theater. With Conkling's narrow and controversial presidential win, it seemed his administration was doomed to dissension. The most clear threat in his opinion were the Peace Republicans, who decried the war at every chance they were given. In the Senate, his support was more secure, but in the more volatile and unstable House, his popularity began to wax and wane as soon as the war started. This point was capitalized with the election of Peace Republican Thomas B. Reed as House Speaker over War Republican Joseph W. Keifer and incumbent Samuel J. Randall. This point is interesting to note as Reed's support came not only from Peace Republicans, but also a few War Republicans and Democrats who strayed from their party in their voting, highlighting the idea that this was an unwanted war, even though the House would approve the declaration of war later. Conkling's biggest threat, however, came from the inside. War Republican, Pennsylvania political boss, Senator, and President Pro Tempore J. Donald Cameron was known to be the Pennsylvanian version of Conkling. Because their similarity the two rapidly came in conflict. This conflict reached a breaking point in the aftermath of the Battle of Laurel. With many expecting Stonewall Jackson to invade Pennsylvania, Cameron began to conspire against Conkling and try and position himself as the leader of the War Republicans and their next presidential candidate, similar to what Conkling had done to Garfield. Conkling, however, would flex what political muscle he had left in the aftermath of that disaster, and managed to have the position of President Pro Tempore taken away from Cameron and given to Iowa Senator Samuel J. Kirkwood, a War Republican loyal to Conkling. Cameron's planned revolt was finally killed when news of Sherman's success at Forts Henry and Donelson, along with Hickory Point, reached the capital. Conkling also faced constant investigations into the war effort looking for corruption and waste. This effort was spearheaded by Peace Republicans in the Senate, particularly Senators Lyman Trumbull, John A. Logan, Benjamin Harrison, and George F. Hoar. The final and largest threat to Conkling politically, however, would come with the 1886 midterm elections. They would witness the Democrats gaining control of the House, and electing Joseph C. S. Blackburn as the new Speaker of the House, easily defeating War Republican Keifer, Peace Republican Reed, and Gold and Silver Grover Cleveland.

Three of the biggest political threats Conkling faced during his presidency: Senator J. Donald Cameron, constant Peace Republican investigations into the war effort-portrayed here in a political cartoon depicting Senator Trumbull as Macbeth and President Conkling as MacGuff based on Shakespeare's Macbeth, and the Democrats regaining control of the House and electing Joseph C.S. Blackburn Speaker of the House
Early, meanwhile, while facing less challenges than Conkling, still had to overcome some political infighting. One major source of conflict would be with the governors of some of his states. Led by Virginia Governor James L. Kemper, North Carolina Governor Alfred M. Scales, Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown, and Tennessee Governor John C. Brown, many politicians were hesitant about sending men to the front due to Conkling's vehement pre-war rhetoric proclaiming he would invade every Southern state and watch as their plantations and newly built factories burned as the hands of their slaves and his soldiers. Although all of these governors did send their required corps of men, they were hesitant about sending large stores of their supplies, wanting to keep at least some for their local militias to guard against amphibious invasions, or their worst fear: a slave insurrection. Despite this, Early, being a more moderate Democrat compared to such previous candidates as Toombs or Foote, was able to work with these men, many of them former soldiers like he was, to get what he needed often times. The exception to this was Georgia's long-serving on and off governor Joseph E. Brown. Similar to the previous war between the U.S. and CSA, Brown was a thorn in the side of the president. It even reached a point were Early consulted with Attorney General Ambrose Wright to see if there was a legal way to remove Brown from office. Despite some troubles from some of his governors, Early enjoyed a Democratic majority in both the House and Senate, making his administration run much smoother in comparison to Conkling's more tumultuous tenure.

Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown​
Chapter Thirty-Nine: The CSA Slave Revolt
Chapter Thirty-Nine: The CSA Slave Revolt

Two of John B. Washington's fellow guerrillas after the war
Ever since the CSA broke away from the United States in 1860, and achieved independence in 1865, there had been a constant underlying threat to their stability. This constant threat was also the CSA's greatest evil: slavery. This evil would return with a vengeance during the Confederate-American War. Beginning with the pre-war preparations of the U.S., an idea formed in the head of the U.S. War Department. This idea was to take advantage of the CSA's greatest weakness: keeping their fellow humans in bonding and denying them their freedom. Setting this plan into motion slightly before the war started, the U.S. sent several agents into the CSA with the appearance of being businessmen interested in purchasing slaves. In reality, they were planting the seeds of a slave revolt, and trying to find a leader for the rebellion. They would find this leader in a Virginia slave named Booker T. Washington. Washington proved himself to be very intelligent to the agents, and they provided him secretly with several books for him to study about military tactics, strategy, and organization, including Caesar's Commentaries, Frederick the Great's Instructions for his Generals, and perhaps mostly interestingly Confederate General William J. Hardee's Hardee's Tactics. Washington was a quick learner, and for the mission, he changed his name from Booker Taliaferro Washington to John Brown Washington. He soon started aiding the agents in getting slaves to join the rebellion, waiting for the order to begin it.

John B. Washington after the war
The order was eventually received on October 15, 1886. With this order came three experienced U.S. African-American soldiers from the regular army to further aid Washington and to act as leaders, Christian A. Fleetwood, Brent Woods, and William Carney, along with a secretive supply chain being established. With this, Washington launched his revolt, which for the most part was a Virginian revolt, with only small cells outside of his control in Maryland, Tennessee, and North Carolina, and the other states not having any cells at all. Nonetheless, when Washington's revolt broke out, it threw the CSA into a panic. Very few whites, however, would be killed in the opening of the slave revolt, with the few that were usually being as a result of them trying to stop the slaves from leaving. Washington would establish the headquarters and camp of his rising army in the Wilderness, near the site of the Battle of Chancellorsville from the Civil War, and wait for the CSA response he expected.

Christian A. Fleetwood, Brent Woods, and William Carney
The military response he expected would come in the form of Virginia Governor James L. Kemper ordering the entire Virginia militia under Gustavus W. Smith, consisting of four brigades of men under William E. Starke, Charles W. Field, Samuel Garland, and Elisha F. Paxton, to end the rebellion. Smith would lead his men into the Wilderness, hoping to root out the revolt. Smith expected this rebellion to be no different from previous slave rebellions, not expecting the slaves to be trained, or for their leaders to be either well-read or militarily experienced men. He would be horribly surprised. Expecting that his men would be the ones creating the ambush, he would be completely unprepared for the ambush Washington had established with the aid of Fleetwood, Woods, and Carney. When the Virginia militia was further enough in, Washington ordered his ambush to begin. Swarming the Virginia militia from both sides of their marching column, and attacking with guns, knives, axes, and even old farm tools, the battle rapidly went in favor of the slaves. Soon the battle became quite reminiscent of the ancient Battle of Teutoburg Forest. By the time the remnants of the Virginia militia had managed to escape the Wilderness, General Smith had been killed, and his brigade commanders were in a complete panic and none were able to regain control of their men. Very few slaves were actually killed in the fighting, and the majority of the causalities were slight injuries, including Carney, who had a slight wound in the arm from a bayonet.

Governor James L. Kemper and General Gustavus W. Smith
In the aftermath of the Battle of the Wilderness, Kemper proved himself to be an effective governor. He personally saw their reconstruction of the Virginia militia following the defeat, consolidating it into three brigades, and giving command of it to Charles W. Field, while allowing the rest of the brigade commanders to retain their commands. Following this, he appealed to North Carolina Governor Alfred M. Scales to send support, particularly referring to the North Carolina militia under General J. Johnston Pettigrew, also consisting of four brigades under George B. Anderson, Lawrence Branch, James G. Martin, and William G. Lewis. After much debate, Scales would send three of the four brigades under Pettigrew's command to support Kemper, while retaining one brigade under Lewis to take care of the small slaves cells that had sprung up in his state. Now with six brigades of militia coming in his directions, more prepared and actually understanding what they faced now, John B. Washington prepared for the fight of his life.

Governor Alfred M. Scales and General J. Johnston Pettigrew​
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Was a bit silly to give West Virginia to the CSA but not Kentucky. Realistically with such a stunning victory, and with similar levels of Unionist support in both, if one flipped Confederate it was exceedingly likely that the other would.
Was a bit silly to give West Virginia to the CSA but not Kentucky. Realistically with such a stunning victory, and with similar levels of Unionist support in both, if one flipped Confederate it was exceedingly likely that the other would.
It would be silly to give ether to the CSA. Both were under solid Union Control in 1863. WV broke away from VA, because the people didn't want to leave the Union. It's culture, and economy was more linked to Ohio, and Pennsylvania, then to slave holding tidal Virginia. 2/3 of Kentuckians sided with the Union, and sent troops along those lines to both the Union, and Confederate Armies. Huge chunks of Southern States were under Union occupation in 1863, the Confederacy was already dying when the Union gave up. The Union losing the war at Gettysburg is just not realistic.
The new chapters were interesting, but needed some details to flesh them out. You did some research on the post Civil War Northern political personalities. Making Conklin President is a bit unlikely, because political fixers usually can't get the top spot, they just have too many enemies, and the general public despises them. Your battles lack the details to really understand what's up with them, but generally you make them too lopsided. Their always disasters for one side, most battles have more mixed results. Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma, and the Mississippi Valley would be theaters of operations. By 1880 California, and the West Coast States had well over 1 million people. 20-30,000 troops would be marching into Arizona, inside a month of the start of a new war. The Continental Rail Roads would make the movement of large bodies of troops possible from coast to coast. No part of the Continent would be left out of the war.
I know this is somewhat unrelated to the previous chapter and maybe this was asked before and I missed it but any idea how far you plan on taking this timeline? We are already in the 1880s so will we be seeing the first airplanes and World War 1?

Also, nice chapter I look forward to the next.
If everything goes to plan, this TL should end in 1916, so the first World War is going to have started similar to OTL, but I don't think I am going to give it much attention or write a chapter about it (unless it is really wanted), as ITTL, neither the CSA or U.S.A. are going to have entered by the time this TL is scheduled to have ended. If I do continue this TL past 1916, then I will have no pre-planning to go off of, so it might either fly high or run off the rails, not to mention that that time period is past my area of expertise and I am excited to start my next TL. Also I am sorry that it took so long to answer your question. I have been busier than normal, and I have struggled finding time even to write chapters.
Chapter Forty: The Battle of Golden Pond New
Chapter Forty: The Battle of Golden Pond

A Currier & Ives depiction of the Battle of Golden Pond
The Battle of Golden Pond would be the battle that decided the Confederate-American War. The seeds for the battle were planted in Sherman's capture of Nashville. With Nashville successfully in U.S. control, Sherman was in favor of an immediate push on to Chattanooga and Memphis, planning to send McPherson and the VI Corps to capture Memphis, while Sherman and the rest of the Army of the Cumberland moved to capture Chattanooga, which was the Confederacy strongest base in Tennessee after Nashville's fall. His plans, however, would be halted by President Conkling. Fearing a second CSA invasion of Pennsylvania following the Battle of Laurel, Conkling panicked and ordered Sherman to prepare his army to be transported east. Sherman, however, resisted this order, believing that a campaign into the Confederacy's heartland would be worth the risk of Jackson invading Pennsylvania. In arguing with Conkling over strategy, Sherman bought time for what he hoped would happen. Knowing that the Army of Tennessee was no longer a threat to him, and that the Army of the Susquehanna was no longer a threat to Jackson, he expected Jackson and his Army of Virginia to be transported West for a final showdown between the two victorious forces. Sherman's suspicion would prove correct, as in the aftermath of the Battle of Hickory Point, President Early and General Johnston were coordinating a movement of Jackson's forces west, while transporting the two weakest corps of the Army of Tennessee, the Florida and Mississippi, east to act as a garrison. The construction of railroad networks under the Breckinridge, Gordon, and Longstreet administrations were now being rewarded, as they allowed for this to happen. With this process in motion, Sherman was now able to point out to Conkling that the CSA was shifting its focus west.

An image of one of the CSA's trains and rail lines
Sherman realized, however, that the combination of the Army of Tennessee and Army of Virginia that he expected would put them in a slight numerical advantage over his Army of the Cumberland. He had a plan, however. He knew that in Southern Indiana there was a Reserve Corps under General Darius Couch. Its purpose was to help slow down a CSA invasion if they were to happen to allow for the regular U.S. army to arrive. Sherman planned to retreat north into Kentucky in conjunction with the Reserve Corps moving south, luring the Confederates after him, before linking up with the Reserve Corps and delivering a devastating blow to whatever CSA force followed him before cutting off the supply and communication lines of the battered force, which, leaving them in U.S. soil, would likely lead to their surrender. With in plan mind, Sherman was ready for when Jackson's men reached Tennessee. Jackson, meanwhile, combined the Armies of Virginia and Tennessee into one, forming the Army of the Confederacy. As a result of this, General Richard Taylor, former commander of the Army of Tennessee, was sent back down to his Louisiana corps command, and the two Cavalry Corps of the two armies were merged into one eight brigade corps under General Forrest. With almost all of the CSA's regular forces combined into one force, Jackson, based in Chattanooga, eyed Sherman and the Army of the Cumberland and planned his offensive action to regain Nashville.

Darius Couch, Reserve Corps commander
Sherman would move first, however, beginning his planned feigned retreat north on October 17, 1886. Jackson moved rapidly also, recapturing Nashville following Sherman's abandonment of the city, which had been gutted from a month of serving as a U.S. encampment. Jackson would continue to follow Sherman north, falling for Sherman's trap. When Jackson reached the Tennessee border, some of his corps commander voiced concerns about invading U.S. territory and the consequences of defeat, but an ever confident Jackson continued to spur his Army of the Confederacy north into Kentucky. Eventually, on November 1, Sherman linked up with the Reserve Corps and halted his advance near the Kentucky town of Golden Pond on a open field. On November 3, Jackson and the Army of the Confederacy reached the outskirts of Sherman's position, and the time had come for a decision. Jackson could either attack Sherman, who now outnumbered him, or retreat back into Tennessee. As Sherman had expected, Jackson's aggressive nature won out, and he ordered his men to prepare for battle the next day, November 4.

The U.S. Army of the Cumberland crossing a Tennessee River ford into Kentucky
Both sides deployed their forces for battle. Sherman placed his inexperienced Reserve Corps in the center, with two veteran corps to the left, the VI and VII Corps and right, the VIII and IX Corps, of each of its sides, with the Cavalry Corps deployed behind it. Jackson, meanwhile, deployed six of his corps, the Arkansas, North Carolina, Alabama, Texas, Virginia, Georgia, into a column on his left supported by the Cavalry Corps, while the South Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland, and Louisiana corps held his center. Jackson planned to use his six corps column to envelope the U.S. right, while his four corps line held against any U.S. assaults. Sherman, meanwhile, predicted that Jackson would attack, and had his men prepare for another defensive battle. This time, however, the Confederacy would not charge into his front, however. Upon seeing Jackson's column, under the direct command of General D.H. Hill, approach his right flank, Sherman altered his plan, and ordered McPherson and Cox to pull back their corps and refuse their flank in conjunction with the movements of Hill's column. At first, this plan would succeed, with McPherson and Cox acting in conjunction with each other and responding appropriate to the Confederate movements. Eventually, as the Confederates drew nearly and continually shifted their men continue to threaten the U.S. flank, McPherson and Cox failed to coordinate properly, and gap appeared in the U.S. line between their corps when McPherson began shifting without Cox prepared for it. Upon seeing this, Hill would order his men to attack the gap, abandoning their goal of the U.S. right. With this, his men flooded into the gap, and separated McPherson's corps from the rest of the U.S. line, with McPherson's situation only worsening when Hill shifted Hood's Texas and Cleburne's Arkansas corps to drive in on his flank. For a moment, it seemed like the whole U.S. line might be rolled up.

A Daniel Troiani painting depicting Hill's attack on the U.S. gap
McPherson's corps was doomed to near on destruction by the holding action they performed under attack from almost all sides, but it allowed for the rest of the U.S. forces to move into position and prepare. When the VI Corps finally collapsed and fled, the VII and Reserve Corps had managed to rotate to face in the direction Hill's column and had some time to prepare. But again disaster for the U.S. seemed to loom when Hood's Texas Corps seemed in prime position to attack the right of this new line. The savior of this line, however, would come from the men Sherman most likely least suspected, his Cavalry Corps under General Stanley. Seeing the new U.S. line in increasing danger, Stanley would order his Cavalry Corps to get around to the Confederate rear. Blocking his movement, however, was the legendary "Wizard of the Saddle" General Forrest. Stanley would none the less drive his forces right into Forrest's men, resulting in the largest cavalry action of the Confederate-American War. Surprised by the ferocity of the much maligned U.S. Cavalry, Forrest and his men were unprepared for Stanley and his men, with a charge from General Wilson's division breaking a hole through Forrest's line, sending half of his corps into retreat. Much enraged by this, Forrest would pull out the other half of his corps in an attempt to consolidate and rally his men. Ultimately, however, Forrest would find himself chasing the retreating half of his corps off the field, taking the CSA Cavalry Corps out of the battle and clearing the way for Stanley to attack the rear of Hood's Texans. The confusion caused by this bought Cox enough time to position his men in a way that Hood could not crush his flank. Stanley and his corps were only forced to pull out with the arrival of Cleburne's corps to the aid of Hood's, forcing Stanley to fall back to the main U.S. line.

General Stanley's Cavalry Corps attacking the unprepared rear of Hood's Texas Corps
With Confederate efforts frustrated on the right of the new U.S. line and Sherman rapidly moving the VIII and IX Corps into the unplanned formation, the opportunity presented by the line was rapidly evaporating. Seizing their final chances for a decisive action, General Hill allowed General Gordon to bring his men in a charge against the left of the new U.S. line, which was composed of the Reserve Corps. Both Hill and Gordon expected the inexperienced men to melt under a serious strain, and at first, their belief were proven true when Gordon's charge routed a division of the Reserve Corps under General John M. Schofield. Once again, however, an unexpected hero would rise for the U.S. troops. This time, it would be another division commander in the Reserve Corps: General Don C. Buell. Labeled a failure in the Civil War, General Buell considered it lucky that he managed to attain command of one of the Reserve Corps' divisions. Now came his chance to redeem himself. With Schofield's men in rout, Buell's division was next in line of Gordon's attack. Buell would calmly turn his regiments that were directly in the line of Gordon's attack and order them to charge. Once again, a sacrifice of lives would save the U.S. line, with the men who fell in the charge Buell ordered buying time for General Parke and the the IX Corps to position itself into the new line.

A painting depicting the suicidal charge of one of Buell's regiments that would ultimately save the line
With the failure of his assault, Gordon would fall back into line and soon engage with the rest of the former column in a brutal line battle with the U.S. line, as the VIII Corps arrived on the U.S. right and the IX Corps arrived on the U.S. left, while General Jackson sent the South Carolina, Tennessee, and Maryland corps to extend his lines to avoid them being flanked. Jackson, however, knew that in the line battle this was rapidly shaping up to be, the Confederacy could not outmatched the U.S., and that defeat was the likely result if no change were to occur. Jackson's decided that in order to win the battle, he was going to have to take his last reserve, the Louisiana Corps, and attack the left of the U.S. line in one final all out assault. Jackson decided to personally be with the men in the charge, with General Taylor being able to convince him that leading it from the front personally would be a bad idea. With this, Jackson and the Louisiana Corps charged towards the U.S. left. Again, it seemed that the Confederates were going to be able to wrap up the U.S. line, but in one final attack of bravery, General Stanley would again order his cavalry to charge, as they were the sole U.S. reserve, attacking the flank of Jackson attack. Unprepared for this, Jackson's assault was bogged down by this, buying time for Parke to turn some of his men and particularly some of his cannon into the Louisiana men and pound the corps into submission. With this, Jackson, whose hat and jacket were riddled with marks of bullets that had passed through them, ordered the Louisiana men to fall back, followed by a general order to his men with the same effect. The Battle of Golden Pond had narrowly gone in favor the U.S. forces.

A David Nance painting depicting the charge of the Louisiana corps
With Sherman's army unable to stop and only able to harass them after the brutal battle, Jackson's beaten forces slipped back into Tennessee much worse for wear, having suffered over 49,000 causalities in the battle and subsequent retreat. Among the battle's killed were General Hood of the Texas corps, and Arkansas corps division commanders Dandridge McRae and William Cabell. Among the injured were Generals D.H. Hill, Gordon, Rodes, Cleburne, and division commanders William D. Pender of North Carolina, William Bate of Tennessee, Hiram Granbury of Texas, States R. Gist of South Carolina, George T. Anderson of Georgia, and all three of the Louisiana's corps division commanders: Alfred Mouton, St. John Liddell, and Leroy Stafford. Maintaining control of the field, Sherman's forces were also battered, having suffered 42,000 casualities in the terrible fighting, and having Generals Grenville Dodge and E.R.S. Canby killed with Generals McPherson, Thomas J. Wood, Lew Wallace, Thomas E.G. Ransom, and Christopher C. Augur all going down wounded. The Battle of Golden Pond would be the bloodiest of any battle in the Western Hempshire. In its aftermath, both sides were horrified by the tremendous causalities, and soon peace movements in both the U.S. and CSA were strong both in the general populace and the government.
US and CSA Order of Battles for the Battle of Golden Pond New
United States
Army of the Cumberland
MG William T. Sherman

VI Corps: MG James B. McPherson
1st Division: MG Grenville Dodge
2nd Division: MG E.R.S. Canby
3rd Division: MG Lew Wallace

4th Division: MG Thomas E.G. Ransom

VII Corps: MG Jacob D. Cox
1st Division: MG Thomas J. Wood
2nd Division: MG Alfred H. Terry
3rd Division: MG John M. Brannan
4th Division: MG Francis J. Herron

VIII Corps: MG Edward O.C. Ord
1st Division: MG Peter J. Osterhaus
2nd Division: MG Christopher C. Augur
3rd Division: MG Absalom Baird
4th Division: MG Nathan Kimball

IX Corps: MG John G. Parke
1st Division: MG James B. Steedman
2nd Division: MG Andrew J. Smith
3rd Division: MG John MacArthur
4th Division MG Joseph A. Mower

Cavalry Corps: MG David S. Stanley
1st Division: MG George Crook
2nd Division: MG David M. Gregg
3rd Division: MG James H. Wilson

Confederate States
Army of the Confederacy
General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson Commanding

Alabama Corps: LTG Robert E. Rodes
Battle's Division: MG Cullen A. Battle
Gracie's Division: MG Archibald Gracie
Oates' Division: MG John C. C. Sanders

Arkansas Corps: LTG Patrick Cleburne
Fagan's Division: MG James Fagan
Cabell's Division: MG William L. Cabell
McRae's Division: MG Dandridge McRae

Georgia Corps: LTG John B. Gordon
Anderson's Division: MG George T. Anderson
Doles' Division: MG George P. Doles
Thomas' Division: MG Edward L. Thomas

Louisiana Corps: LTG Richard Taylor
Mouton's Division: MG Alfred Mouton
Liddell's Division: MG St. John Liddell
Stafford's Division: MG Leroy A. Stafford

Maryland Corps: LTG Charles Winder
Steuart's Division: MG George H. Steuart
Johnson's Division: MG Bradley T. Johnson
Andrews' Division: MG Richard S. Andrews

North Carolina Corps: LTG Daniel H. Hill
Pender's Division: MG William D. Pender
Hoke's Division: MG Robert F. Hoke
Ramseur's Division: MG Stephen D. Ramseur

South Carolina Corps: LTG Stephen D. Lee
Kershaw's Division: MG Joseph B. Kershaw
Gist's Division: MG States R. Gist
Jenkins' Division: MG Micah Jenkins

Tennessee Corps: LTG Alexander P. Stewart
Bate's Division: MG William B. Bate
Wilcox's Division: MG Cadmus Wilcox
Polk's Division: MG Lucius E. Polk

Texas Corps: LTG John B. Hood
Gregg's Division: MG John Gregg
Archer's Division: MG James J. Archer
Granbury's Division: MG Hiram Granbury

Virginia Corps: LTG Ambrose P. Hill
Mahone's Division: MG William Mahone
Taliaferro's Division: MG Lewis Armistead
Heth's Division: MG Henry Heth

Cavalry Corps: LTG Nathan B. Forrest
Munford's Brigade: BG Thomas T. Munford
Rosser's Brigade: Thomas L. Rosser
Gordon's Brigade: BG James B. Gordon
Young's Brigade: Pierce M.B. Young
Wheeler's Brigade: BG Joseph Wheeler
Morgan's Brigade: BG Basil V. Duke
Wharton's Brigade: BG John A. Wharton
Armstrong's Brigade: BG Frank Armstrong