Kentucky Fried Politics: A Colonel Sanders Timeline

Chapter 78: January 1999 – June 1999
Chapter 78: January 1999 – June 1999

“When you’re right, nobody remembers. When you’re wrong, nobody forgets.”

– Muhammad Ali

Prior to Higginbotham’s passing, a clear majority of the Supreme Court was liberal. The most progressive were A. Leon Higginbotham, Mary Murphy Schroeder, Miles W. Lord, and, to a lesser extent, William Nealon Jr.; the two centrists of the court were Edward H. Levi and Chief Justice Johnson; the two right-of-center “Colonel Conservatives” were Sylvia Bacon and Herb Fogel; and the deeply conservative Joseph Tyree Sneed III made Bacon at times seem liberal by comparison.

To shore up GOP support among Hispanic Americans, President Dinger heavily considered Emilio M. Garza to fill Higginbotham’s seat. At 51, the centrist Republican Latino-American from Texas was appointed Judge of the US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in early 1993 by President Iacocca, and was initially considered the frontrunner for the post, with former US Attorney General J’Ada Finch-Sheen of the Virgin Islands also being considered.

Other names floated by the media during the weeks that followed Justice Higginbotham’s deaths included Jewish centrist Republican Circuit Judge Barry Scheck of New York, Circuit Judge Barrington Parker Jr. of Washington, D.C., 40-year-old Republican state Attorney General Lavenski Smith of Arkansas, state judge Ruben Castillo of Illinois, 40-year-old state judge David M. Medina of Texas, Circuit Judge Maryanne Trump Giuliani of New Jersey, and female conservative Republican Circuit Judge Edith Jones of Texas.

However, because Higginbotham was the only African-American on the bench, calls for him to be succeeded by another African-American led a new name arising. Larry Dean Thompson, age 53, was an African-American Republican from Georgia. After serving as US Attorney for the Northern District of Georgia from 1982 to 1986, he was a US Deputy Attorney General under President Kemp, and was appointed Circuit Judge under Iacocca. Experienced and touting a moderate-to-conservative voting record, Dinger ultimately nominated him for the position on January 12; the Republican-majority Senate confirmed the nomination, 94-to-6, on March 5th.

– Linda Greenhouse and Morton J. Horwitz’s Upholding Liberty: The Supreme Court Under Chief Justice Frank Minis Johnson, Sunrise Publishing, 2019

In early 1999, fears of “Y2K” reached its peak. The problem rested in the large number of computer programs commonly used that only allowed for the use of the final two digits of recent years. Due to this, there was panic that a computer’s date recording descending from “99” (1999) to “00” (2000) would cause its system to shut down over its possible inability to comprehend what would appear to be time going backward. The technical issue during New Years’ transition into the new millennium was feared to crash computer systems worldwide, creating a severe market crisis and environmental catastrophe as banking systems lost their records and power plants went offline. [1] Fear and panic even led to a fairly-well-known conspiracy theory, taken seriously or semi-seriously by some, that the 2003 Mars Mission had been established in case nuclear missile silos were activated by the supposed computer crash, destroying the planet.

To placate the YSK Scare, governments and individual companies worldwide spent millions of dollars – a total of $600billion in US currency by some estimates – in IT/software updates to minimize the impact of “the Millennium bug.” For example, the Dinger administration passed the “Year 2000 Technological Information Readiness and Improvement Act” (or “YTTIRI Act”) and worked with ODERGA to fund and monitor private companies’ preparations for system conversion endeavors.


After educators and then businessman got their hands on the technet, the price of computers began to drop to a level low enough for even the technologically curious to experiment with the device’s potential applications in various fields, from music to medicine to artistry. Branching off of the edu-tainment programs of the mid-1990s, the technet’s more creative possibilities began to bloom as the new millennium approached. One software program, dubbed “noosphere,” was a major step in computer animation and design. The creators of the software were followers of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, a Jesuit priest and philosopher who believed in a future scenario he called “globalized thought,” naming it the “noosphere” and calling the subsequent “greatest degree of collective consciousness to which the universe would evolve” the “Omega Point.” Hence the use of that phrase in many sci-fi films during the 2000s decade.

At this point in time, despite internet websites being private property not yet very subject to major laws concerning privacy setting, it was just general practice for a slim majority of technetters to use their real names on sites, and for mes-reps (message-replies) as they would on their physical mail letters (George P., Max V., Daniel S., Stephanie M., etc.).

– Joy Lisi Rankin’s Computers: A People’s History of the Information Machine, Westview Press, 2018


…several economic analysts and experts believe the Dinger White House is failing to prepare for American markets to downturn similarly to the markets of Mexico and Korea in recent years…

The Boston Globe, 1/12/1999

DINGER DEFINED: The President’s Smooth Handling of The Markets As Other Countries Falter

– The Weekly Standard, conservative magazine, mid-January 1999 issue

“These studies show that the President’s progressive plans to modernize the former North and reform industries nationwide to keep the newly-acquired regions economically afloat are keeping the situation steady. Conditions will improve overall. The people of the north will be helped during this recession. They will not suffer like in the past. We acknowledge that they are survivors. That they survived forced labor, decades of ruling madmen, and terrible famine after famine, but our country is beautiful, our ancient history is rich, and we are alive. And the northern people will not struggle alone, not anymore, and not ever again.”

– Park Jie-won, chief presidential secretary to United Korean President Kim Dae-jung, 1/17/1999 press briefing

In February 1993, Lee Iacocca warned that if Japan “continue[d] on with their bubble economy, an illusion of profit from manufacturing and frequently manipulating the yen decade after decade, well, the bigger they are, the harder they fall, as they say.” Six years later, his comments went from being controversial to being prophetic.

Japan’s economy finally collapsed at the start of 1999, with the Treasury and Commerce Ministers officially declaring the nation’s months-long slump a recession on January 22, 1999. Their “bubble” had burst. After two decades of unprecedented growth (save for a brief crisis in 1987, and the intermittent 1993-1995 trade wars with the US), the country suffered economic collapse almost as bad as the one felt by Mexico just two years earlier. Several Japanese economists blamed the crash on the 1996-1998 humanitarian crisis that was the survivors of the former North Korea, with 1996 markets showing woes over how the expensive reunification phase would effect Japanese markets and Korea-Japan trade.

However, the true cause of the slightly-abrupt end of what until then had been Asia’s strongest economy, with China close behind, was unchecked speculation. The Bank of Japan gave out too many loans, as in loans that could not reasonably be paid back as expected. Concern over Korea’s and Mexico’s economies only caused other banks to double down on similar practices. In addition, after President Dinger ended his predecessor’s trade wars, several Japanese businesses began showing projected future sales in place of current sales in order to create the illusion of a strong and healthy market, creating a false sense of consumer confidence. In late 1998, several banks were bailed out of debt by the Japanese government, signaling to investors that the god times were possibly about to end; other banks and businesses turned to help from local yakuza syndicates in order to stay afloat.

The instability grew to be unsustainable by the end of the year, as inflation grew and cracks began to appear in the markets, and, like rats swimming away from a sinking ship, many foreign investors began to distance themselves from Japan in the winter of 1998-1999.

Thus, nearly four years after his death, Iacocca’s unheeded words for internal reform in Japan were vindicated – and the yakuza were poised for a comeback…

– Walter LaFeber’s The Sun And The Eagle: US-Japanese Relations In The Post-Cold War Era, 2019 edition

6.2M EARTHQUAKE STRIKES WESTERN COLOMBIAN; At Least 800 Killed As Buildings Collapse In City Of Armenia And Surrounding Areas

The Orlando Sentinel, 1/25/1999


A film from Mexico addressing their immigration debate concerning the Mexican-Guatemalan border. The film follows two Guatemalan immigrants, the malevolent Hector, and the benevolent Rosa. They share the same creed but are otherwise unconnected, with Hector being a murderous gang member abandoning his family for greener pastures north, while Rosa is searching for a better quality of life, away from the recreadrugs plaguing her village.

The film was highly controversial upon its release. Several theaters in Mexico refused to play it, leading to a partially on-tech “underground” release campaign. In the United States, many right-wing politicos claimed the film was pro-liberal, while many liberals believed the film was pro-right. The heavy amount of discussion surrounding the film led to many American audiences seeing it, making a high-grossing, and critic-polarizing, foreign film in the US.


“…this protest outside of this police station in Arizona over alleged Hispanic prejudice from the officers here has turned violent. The origin of this rise in tension is currently unknown, but the fact remains that bedlam has broken out here in Tucson…”

– NBC News reporter, 2/2/1999 broadcast

When The Colonel, the great American President Harland Sanders, first sold KFC in the People’s Republic of China, I was a rare novelty. Now, KFC is the People’s Republic of China’s largest fast food chain, with more than 4,500 outlets in the country! [2] And so today, on the 25th anniversary of the very first Kentucky Fried Chicken outlet’s grand opening here in Beijing, we are offering all customers 25% off all purchases totaling 100 yuan ($25 dollars) [3] in all participating locations across the People’s Republic of China!

– KFC China, official statement, 2/9/1999


– KFC China 25th Anniversary Celebrations, 2/9/1999

…By the end of her ninth year in office, Maggiemania being dead was unquestionable to all but the ruling party. Prime Minister Margaret Ann Mitchell’s poor handling of the rise in concerns over student loans and pension plans made her seem weak, and she seemed tired of the office.

Furthermore, her wage and price controls were increasingly unpopular, and her calling for Quebec and Alberta to not “abuse provincial jurisdiction” in a February 1999 gaffe was viewed as being akin to poking “two bears with the same stick,” as former Prime Minister Jean Chretien described it. Mitchell’s latest term as also plagued by her failing to form a consensus or even enact much meaningful legislation, as the far left-wing PT party kept failing to work with the centrist Liberal party, and were really failing to work with the conservative Progressive Conservative party.

Additionally, her “long-gun registry” had alienated western provinces, her sending of troops to Korea upset the far-left member of the ruling Progressive Tomorrowists, and her “deficit spending” to cover healthcare costs were drawing the ire of conservatives.

Her chances of winning another term looked poor, but with the election so close, and her remaining popular among a clear majority of PT parliament members and party members, Mitchell entered the federal election with high hopes – misguided hopes, but high hopes nonetheless…

– Richard Johnston’s The Canadian Party System: An Analytic History, UBC Press, 2017


The Guardian, 7/2/1999

…a new extensive Gallup poll has found that 42% of Americans support legalizing cannabis and other low-harm recreational narcotics, while 51% do not. This is a major change from ten years ago, when only 21% did and 78% did not… [4]

– ABC Morning News, 2/11/1999

Lewis and Clark and The Dinosaurs
is a 1999 young adult alternate history book written by then-23-year-old Seth Greenburg in his writing debut. The book made it onto the New York Times Bestsellers list for 1999, and a made-for-TV film based loosely on the book was made in 2002.


The story is set in an alternate universe that depicts the American West (more specifically, parts of the Louisiana Purchase and Pacific Northwest) as how Thomas Jefferson thought it was like in real life – a land of active volcanoes, living dinosaurs, and mastodons! [5] As a result, in the early 1800s, Lewis and Clark head out from St. Louis in an expedition that surprises both men with the adventure of a lifetime.


The story begins with a description of Jefferson’s real-life belief that it was impossible for entire animal species to go extinct [5], and how Lewis and Clark would have faced numerous challenges if Jefferson had been right. Upon the expedition crossing into the Rockies, they soon have to deal with surviving active volcanoes and lava flows. Next, they become lost in a prehistoric forest before cave-dwelling Native Americans save them from giant flightless birds. At their camps in the mountains, the Native Americans tell them of other wild monsters in the area, what they’ve named them, and how to protect themselves from these creatures. The next morning, the expedition is attacked by Pterodactyls. A Native American woman and Sacagawea subsequently lead a group of warriors that kill one, as they have good, tasty meat.

Heading out with provisions and a guide the next day, the expedition enters what we are shown on a map to be where Montana would be. There, they are attacked by T-Rexes, and many men are injured. Later, they find peaceful dinosaurs and, thinking they could use them for military purposes, quickly try and fail to tame and train some. The local Native Americans, humored by these failures, show Lewis and Clark and company how to ride them. The group subsequently rides several dinosaurs to the Pacific, where they finally come across giant mastodons near what would be Seattle.

On the return voyage, Lewis and Clark and their men are attacked by more dinosaurs, and again they all have to deal with lava flows from active volcanoes. At “the border” (the Rockies), the “good” dinosaurs refuse to travel over due to the different climate and air pressure/altitude. A T-Rex subsequently attacks the group, but, by remembering what the Native Americans taught them, the expedition manages to capture it.

When they return to Washington, D.C., Lewis says to Jefferson, “Mr. President, have I got a story for you,” and Clark pulls out a T-Rex egg that has just begun to hatch. Upon the baby inside popping out, Jefferson ends the story with the reply. “What, no mastodons?”


The book was financially successful, and was a hit with many critics. Some writers such as Harry Turtledove praised its ability to potentially popularize the alternate history genre. However, the book was also polarizing upon its release, as while many teachers and adults found it harmless, many other teachers feared it would confuse children trying to learn of the real Lewis and Clark voyage in history class. Concurrently, religious conservatives believed the book was a mockery of evangelism and sought to have it banned in a few places. To address this, re-releases of the book featured a “disclaimer” before and after the story, telling audiences to not use the book for any and all history classes. The same was done for the 2002 movie adaptation.



…the Arab World’s first venture to bodies in outer space began today with the successful launch of the “Wondrous Glory” probe, which is set to study the southern hemisphere of dark side of the moon. The launch, performed by Saudi Arabian Space Center, or Markaz Alfada Alsaeudii (MAA), comes after years of testing rockets in the Empty Quarter. The probe was launch from the Jilib Launch Base north of Jilib, Somalia; the base was opened in 1997 after a four-year international collaborative project funded by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel and Somalia, along with other Middle Eastern countries…

The Guardian, UK newspaper, 2/24/1999


The New York Times, side article, 2/26/1999


…For most Americans, this former British colony is hardly on their radar, and may only be hearing about it in the news very recently due to its President being a Jewish woman born and raised to American parents in Chicago. Some channels and networks are focusing on her rise to power like it’s a romance novel, reflecting on her love for her husband prompting her to move to an obscure nation far away from the US, and all that mushy stuff. Those media outlets are overlooking the more important aspects of Guyana. Not only does a considerable Guyanese diaspora live in the United States, but the small and impoverished nation’s GDP per capita is expected to triple in the next decade as it soaks up the windfall of its recently discovered petroleum wealth. [6] The sudden supply of major oil and gas deposits near its coastline has complicated a nearly-centuries-old dispute over its border with Venezuela. Guyana’s larger and wealthier neighbor, Venezuela still lays claim to the entire western half of Guyana, and now both parties claim ownership of the off-shore fuel deposits. The subsequent impasse has largely paralyzed life in the country of less than 750,000 people. [7] If the governing and judicial parties fail to find a solution, then President Dinger must at the very least consider sending in American forces to defend the Guyana people from Venezuelan agitation…

– Former US Congressman-turned-D.C. corporate lobbyist Richard Bruce Cheney, The Washington Post, 2/28/1999 op-ed

…in the Garden State, the New Jersey state assembly has voted to impeach Governor Richard Pucci over his involvement in a campaign finance law violations scandal…

– CBS Evening News, 3/1/1999 broadcast


Born March 30, 1973, Istvan was an award-winning swimmer and water-polo player before joining the National Geographic Channel as an on-camera reporter and ontech writer in 1995. During his four years with us, he popularized the extreme sport of volcano-boarding, and wrote extensively on the future possibilities of the technet. His stepping on an undetected landmine during the filming of a documentary series on the Indochina Wars will not be forgotten. His friends, family and colleagues will honor his memory, and National Geographic will honor him by establishing the Zolton Istvan Award for reporters who go above and beyond the call of duty in their efforts to study and explore the world we all live in.


PROTESTORS: Free Mary Jane! Free Mary Jane!

Narrating REPORTER: Protests have popped up in Washington, D.C. over US Attorney General Linda Neuman cracking down on the selling, transporting and consumption of “low-harm” recreational narcotics. DC police have responded passively to the riots, leading to criticism from some politicians.

Former New Mexico Governor RICHARD P. CHENEY: “These cops are only encouraging the disorder; you have to show some muscle to really lay down the law! Being in a picket line is the same as signing a waiver – if you get your head busted in, you can only blame yourself for doing something as stupid and as unproductive as protesting in the first place!”

Narrating REPORTER: And these sort of comments have been criticized, too.

UK Prime Minister JOHN LENNON: “I urge President Dinger, and that Cheney fellow and others like him, uh those who agree with him, to observe their country’s own democratic standards and respect their fellow countryman’s right to protest.”

PROTESTORS: Free Mary Jane! Free Mary Jane!

– KNN, 3/4/1999 news report clip


The Washington Times, 3/5/1999

IS TRUMP DATING A ROYAL BRIT?! Billionaire Playboy Spotted With UK Queens’ Niece!

Real estate developer and former MLB pitcher Donald Trump may have snagged himself a member of a royal family! Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, the 34-year-old single daughter of the Queen’s younger sister, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, was recently spotted holding hands and smiling with The Don at a fundraiser held in Trump’s Sunrise Tower in L.A., California. According to multiple sources, Lady Sarah broke up with her last beau a few weeks ago in “a bitter way.” If these pictures reveal a budding new relationship, Trump may have caught a member of royalty on the rebound!...

The National Enquirer, US tabloid newspaper, 3/8/1999

US ENTERS RECESSION!!! Two Months Of Market Decline Makes Woes Official!

The New York Times, 3/9/1999

…The expensive handling of post-war Korea had sent Asia’s economy into recession in April 1998, but took nearly a year to finally reach the US, making its away along the “global chain” of international finance before landing in America at last from. The humanitarian crisis that was the “Survivors” of North Korea had long made US market watchers worry over how the reunification phase would effect trade, commerce and other elements, and in March 1999, they got their answer in the welcoming in of “The Long Recession”

– Ken Armstrong’s 1996: The Second Korean War, Simon & Schuster, 2012

“Netizen” (noun) – a technet-savvy citizen (or, alternatively, a 21st-century shoutnik)


Mitchell’s poor approval ratings mixed with the worsening economy in the country stoked the fires of a populist wave led by an unlikely candidate. Despite being a former Prime Minister and having intermittently served in parliament since 1949, Ontario’s Paul Hellyer had developed a reputation of being “an outsider working inside the machine, like a soldier in enemy expertly surviving behind enemy lines, in hostile foreign territory,” as his campaign manager once put it. His campaign to return to his former office received a boost when his populist Action party was endorsed by the fledgling conservative-populist Alberta Party, and then by the liberal-leaning Frontier party formed by activist Dick Orchard. With MP Bob Ringma switching to the Action Party as well, Hellyer’s supporters soon convened for a round of discussions in December 1998, culminating in the big-tent populist “Action Alliance” being formed in January 1999. Hellyer’s once-small party seemed to have some legitimate credibility – and momentum – as Election Day neared.

Other candidates failed to match Hellyer’s meteoric rise in poll after poll. Paul Martin Jr. (L) and Dianne Cunningham (PC) essentially repeated their unenthusiastic messages, policies, themes and proposals from 1995, as did the tiring Lucien Bouchard (BQ), which undoubtedly impacted voter turnout. Only Cunningham came off as more polished, with a more detailed set of consumer confidence ideas for how to improve the economy; in retrospect, this was her last-chance attempt to stay on as party leader due to her rising unpopularity among PC MPs. Meanwhile, MP Roger Bacon, head of the deeply conservative “Canadian” Party, was losing support to Hellyer, while the Green party continued its stagnancy.

– Richard Johnston’s The Canadian Party System: An Analytic History, UBC Press, 2017



…Before the election, the Progressives held a plurality of 141 seats, with the PCs in second place at 92, and with the Liberals and their 35 seats forming a minority government with the PTs; concurrently, the Action Alliance (the merging of the Action and Frontier/Alberta parties) had 14, the Quebec party had twelve, the Greens held three, and Roger Bacon’s Canadian Party had four.

With the election, the PTs’ number of seats sank down to 107, while the PCs only lost 5. This was better than the Liberals’ results, which saw them lose 7 seats. The most shocking results of the night belonged to the Action Alliance, which tripled their number of seats and nudging out the Liberals for third place. Less dramatically, the Quebec party’s numbers rose to 21 BQ. Concurrently, the Green and Canadian parties each gained two more seats, totaling 5 and 6.

151 seats were needed for a majority. Thus, the new problem facing parliament and party leaders was the need to form a minority government. However, even if the PTs and Liberals formed a coalition for a third time, they were still 15 seats shy of a majority, at 135 seats total. Even bringing the Green Party’s 5 seats into their coalition would cap them at 140, just eleven seats shy of a majority.

Meanwhile, the heads of the PC and AA parties were convening. Together, the two parties had a coalition of 134 seats. Add the Canadian Party, and they had 140, also just eleven seats shy of a majority.

Lucien Bouchard would play Kingmaker. In late March talks, Bouchard told members of both parties that he would side with “the Action Coalition” over “the Stability Coalition” in exchange for the following – a referendum on Quebec sovereignty, to be held in Quebec within two years; a public pledge to pass a balanced budget for “zero deficits” within one year; a hard line to be taken on immigration; deregulation on several federal land use/ownership laws; and finally, the placing of Hellyer as Prime Minister instead of Dianne Cunningham. The AC was willing to agree to the first condition, while the SC was not; the same went with the second and third conditions, though Hellyer himself was hesitant on both. The AC easily agreed with the fourth condition of deregulation. The fifth condition was the most contentious, as it was the culmination of bad blood forming between the Bouchard and Cunningham camps during the campaign trail. However, in order to win over the Quebec Party MPs, many members the PC party were willing to vote for Hellyer over their own party leader, especially due to her once again failing to lead the party to victory causing her to lose even more popularity with the party.

On March 28, the incoming collection of 87 PC MPs voted 50-37 in favor of Hellyer, “for country over party,” as PC MP Charest put it, signaling Bouchard to publicly endorsed the Action Coalition. With that, the Quebec Party’s 21 seats formed a minority government with the AC’s 140, totaling 161 to the Green-Liberal-PT alliance’s 140.

And so it came to pass that Paul Hellyer would become “a third-place victor,” and return to the office of Prime Minister on the third of April…

– Richard Johnston’s The Canadian Party System: An Analytic History, UBC Press, 2017


…the openly-socialist junior US Senator from Vermont theatrically condemned this year’s higher-than-typical amount for the annual spending bill, which Republicans explained as being necessary spending on account of continued military activities in Colombia. Diamondstone disagrees with the notion of US troops overseas anywhere, instead calling on his Republican colleagues to “Do your fiduciary duty! Demand all American troops be brought back to America! Let’s a wholly defensive army instead of an invasive army if we have to have an army at all!”…

The Washington Post, 4/4/1999

Dinger’s plan to combat The Long Recession was to cut government waste, which handicapped several social service programs already a shadow of their former selves. Several of the more liberal state-level governments responded to these notions by lending loans to small businesses in order to keep them afloat and to promote consumer spending. BBA defenders were sure to point and essentially say “but look! Now those state budgets are woefully in the red!” To these complaints, many of these Governor simply noted “we’ll make up the deficit later,” when people were not in sure dire financial straits.

Meanwhile, other states such as New Mexico tapped into their “rainy day” funds in a second example of how the government could still function with a temporarily unbalanced budget.

– Edward Gulio Romano III’s LMD: A Study of The Dinger Days, Sunrise Publishers, 2020

…Three years after the war, 90% of Korea’s former DMZ was made into a UN-protected World Heritage Site. A “Peace Park” of sorts, the “Central Korean Natural Preservation” allowed for the continuation of the area’s unique mostly-human-free natural developments…

– Ken Armstrong’s 1996: The Second Korean War, Simon & Schuster, 2012

…Hellyer sought to walk a fine line between the pro-regulation and anti-regulation factions of the Action Coalition. Hellyer attempted to enact wage and price controls, combined with controls over monopoly industries, in order to enable the government to not only ensure “full employment,” but also eliminate inflation, and provide a guaranteed annual income. However, these ambitious efforts were impeded by less pragmatic members of the AC considered over the tax rates involved, and over the concept of checks and balances. Immediately, anti-regulation AC members began to condemn Hellyer, or at least his plan, as oppressive government overreach. Believing in government assistance for those who both need it and request it, Hellyer reversed course, and proposed a much more watered down idea, of directly introducing more money into the economy with a one-time-only wave of stimulus checks. Though much less invasive than the wage and price controls proposals, it still received opposition. Debates followed over who should receive how much, with some suggesting a model similar to the US’ Negative Income Tax Rebate, while others called for something more akin to the Alaskan Permanent Fund. Hellyer believed the government’s best move would be to become more involved in the direction of the economy by gradually reducing the creation of private money and increasing the creation of public money from the current ratio of 5% public / 95% private back to 50% public and 50% private. [8] Hellyer only made himself more opponents with this proposal…

– Hellyer

…As bank foreclosures continued, protests rose. One of the biggest demonstrations of the Japanese people’s discontent occurred on April 10 at the south end of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge. Construction began on said bridge, one of the largest suspension bridges in the world, in 1988, and opened in 1995, only for half of the maintenance crews to be laid off when the economy collapsed. Finding solidarity among fellow cleanup workers, the subsequent labor strike received national attention for its turnout. Later that same month, unemployed workers convened at another structure built during the now-bygone of economic prosperity, the Tokyo Metro Government Complex. Casually called “The Towers,” the city government’s headquarters were the tallest city hall in the world, one of the biggest buildings in Tokyo, and cost just under 160 billion yen (roughly 1.6 billion in today’s US dollar) to construct. Protestors surrounded this structure by the end of the month, demanding the government protect homeowners from eviction and workers from unemployment… The Government soon enough replied with a plan to, essentially, spend its way out of the red…

– Walter LaFeber’s The Sun And The Eagle: US-Japanese Relations In The Post-Cold War Era, 2019 edition

…In political news, New Jersey’s 51st Governor, Democrat Richard Pucci, has been convicted by the state senate on bipartisan for campaign finance law violations. He will be removed from office immediately. Since the Garden state has no lieutenant Governor, the leader of the state senate, Richard Codey, will serve as Acting Governor for the remainder of Pucci’s term. Codey voted “not guilty” during Pucci’s senate trial…

– CBS Evening News, 4/15/1999


[pic: ]

– Bob Ross in a boat on a street, c. April 1999

…To shore up funding to cover the hundreds of billions of dollars required for the mission to Mars, NASA decided to sell “respectable ad space” inside the shuttle. In a reversal of lowest-bidding winning contracts, hundreds of companies competed to have their logos splashed onto the interiors of the shuttle, where cameras would record them in the background of the astronaut’s two 57 million-miles-long journeys.

The real “money shot” was the space behind the Mission Commander’s seat, where one lucky corporation would have their logo cover a white patch (one of the storage compartments) right above the center of the screen of the astronaut. KFC put in what turned out to be the second-highest bid for the spot.

When news came that KFC had lost out – to Pizza Hut, of all places – the company heads were disappointed, but not defeated. At the last minute, Finger Lickin’ Good, Inc. entered a higher bid for a space on the right wing of the Max Shuttleplane – the vessel with which ten lucky astronauts would travel across the stars. The company beat out McDonald’s by $100,000. The winner of the spot farther to the right of KFC’s turned out to be Chik-fil-A’s, in a bid many were certain the company would not be able to afford. They were wrong – in fact, Chik-fil-A’s good fortune was only improving as the new millennium dawned…

– Marlona Ruggles Ice’s A Kentucky-Fried Phoenix: The Post-Colonel History of Most Famous Birds In The World, Hawkins E-Publications, 2020

…Pepvibes entered the national spotlight again in August 1999, when rapper Biggie Smalls’ finally released his 4th album. The album was known as a “black album” a.k.a. a “dark album,” as in, it was released without any sort of promotion. It was “spread” entirely by word-of-mouth. A lot of that spreading ended up via the technet (of which pepvibes was at the forefront), highlighting its possibilities in regards to commerce and marketing…

– Joy Lisi Rankin’s Computers: A People’s History of the Information Machine, Westview Press, 2018

…In April 1999, US military involvement in Colombia concluded its 15th year and began its 16th. The media in the US began highlighting the fact that US forces had been continuously stationed in the country since 1984, making the “war” longer than any other American war; the previous holder was the 14-years-long Moro Rebellion of 1899-1913. With peace talks in the early 1990s having failed, and the Cartel Wars of the late 1990s increasing focus on recreadrug black market in Colombia, there seemed to be no end to the warfare in sight. Mounting international pressure, though, was led by UN Secretary-General Carol Bellamy, would hoped to bring the Colombian government and the guerilla groups to a negotiation table as soon as possible...

– Miguel LaRosa and German R. Mejia’s Colombia: A Concise Contemporary History, Chronicle Books, 2013


The Toronto Star, Canadian newspaper, 4/24/1999

…these latest reports on state-level trial runs suggest that reducing pharmaceutical prices via negotiations would fail to effectively replace pricing regulations already found in the current U.H.C. Act, despite GOP amendments made to the Act under President Dinger…

Financial Review, 4/25/1999

Guest JERRY LEWIS: “I have a lot to say about the lack of respect given to American Presidents nowadays. Even in Colonel Sanders’ worse days in office, the man was never as badly disrespected as Dinger is by young people today.

Host RUSH LIMBAUGH: “I hear you, Jerry. The counterpoint they make is that people, the, uh, the younger generations now, they have started to respect the man holding the title of President, and not just the title itself. Because the title is nothing if it’s not held by someone worthy.”

LEWIS: “But then that just opens up a whole other debate on how or who determines its worth!”

LIMBAUGH: “And it makes no difference anyway, because President Dinger is clearly worthy of the office. You just have to remember that those opposing him are just pseudo-socialist imbeciles bitter and jealous that Dinger kicked the tar out of the Democrats back in ’96.”

– KFBK-AM radio, 4/29/1999 broadcast

…and over in mainland Europe, the citizens of Poland have just elected Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz to their country’s Presidency. She will be Poland’s first democratically-elected female head-of-state. Hailing from the Civility party, the national legislator defeated Andrzej Olechowski of the Defense party, who came in second place, and Marian Krzaklewski of the Solidarity party, who came in third. Incumbent President Leszek Kolakowski of the Solidarity party had chosen to retire after one term due to low approval ratings. Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz will take office on the 23rd of May…

– BBC, 5/2/1999 broadcast

…Devastating southern Oklahoma City and much of its surrounding suburbs on Monday, May 3, this was an extraordinarily powerful F5 tornado that killed 21 and injured 534. It currently holds the record for having the highest wind speeds ever recorded on Earth for a tornado, measured at 301 ± 20 miles per hour (484 ± 32 km/h) by a Doppler on Wheels (DOW) radar [9]


…As the debate over the merits of same-sex marriage grew in prominence, a humorous bit of irony occurred in May 1999, concerning two anti-BLUTAG US Congressmen. Bob Barr and Henry Hyde were both opponents of gay marriage, with Hyde once boisterous proclaiming that his was congress’ duty to “protect the sanctity of marriage and admonish and condemn all who seek to either corrupt or violate the sacredness of a man and woman in holy matrimony.” Hyde’s fellow US Congressman Steve Gunderson, an openly BLUTAG Republican, rebuked Hyde’s rhetoric later that week with the blunt comment “people like Henry said the same exact thing about interracial marriage.” Six weeks after saying this, investigative reporters revealed to the public that both Hyde and Barr had had extramarital affairs. Barr was sleeping with a married woman he met while engaged to the woman who was now his third wife – but would end up not being his last. Meanwhile, it turned out that Hyde’s own affair with a married woman – which led to the birth of a child in 1970 – had slipped past the radar of both Ark Waves, and had only now come out due to Hyde partially paying for the child’s 1988-1992 college education. The incidents, if anything, only added to the legitimacy of BLUTAGs wanting “the ability to be miserable like everyone else,” as George Carlin put it…

– Brandon Teena’s The Rise of BLUTAG Rights: The Story of the Bi-Lesbian-Undefined-Trans-Asexual-Gay Movement, Scholastic, 2019

…In a move that proved to be a sticking point for progressives, Dinger finally signs into law the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999. Crafted and passed with haste by the GOP-majority House and Senate, the FSM Act allowed banks, insurance companies and investment houses to merge, and thus, the act essentially reversed the Glass-Steagall Act of 1932. Dinger believed that granting businesses this freedom would encourage business activity, which in theory would lead to more consumer confidence, and subsequently lessen the effect of the recession on the markets, consumers and workers…

– Edward Gulio Romano III’s LMD: A Study of The Dinger Days, Sunrise Publishers, 2020


…The Bretton Woods system was an international form of money management established in 1944. The system required all participating nations to maintain external exchange rates within 1% via tying the nations’ currencies to gold. This system prevented the competitive devaluation of currencies that we have seen through the past several years, especially during the Iacocca Administration. [10] The US terminated gold-based convertibility under President Mondale, giving us our current free-floating currency. …financial analysts supportive of Bretton Woods note the stark drop in banking crises during its nearly-three-decade period of use. …Former US Senator Ron Paul is among the many conservative think tank leaders supportive of ending the US dollar being a fiat currency… It is currently unknown what President Dinger’s thoughts are on the proposals, though he has already scheduled to make an announcement on new legislation for the 16th…


Above: Note that the rise in banking crisis brought on by the Economic Crash of 1978

The Wall Street Journal, 5/12/1999


…college graduation rates decreased in the 1970s and completely flattened in the 1980s. Senator Lyle Hillyard (R-UT) hopes that a “modern recreation” of the post-WWII G.I. Bill will encourage veterans of the Korean War of Unification, along with former fighters in the wars in Libya and Colombia, to seek out higher education… Dinger supports the bill, arguing that investing in colleges will improve the nation’s “economic situation”…

The Washington Post, 5/16/1999

“For Steve, a cartoon show wasn’t meant to be and wasn’t going to be some kind of shameless cash grab, a shameless form of selling out, or a cheap gimmicky and low way of pushing a brand onto the impressionable minds of children. When we went into the cartoon series, Steve put his heart into it, just like how he put his heart and soul into his restaurant. That’s why the show’s writing is so good!”

– Bryan Hillenburg, 2019 interview

…The Hillenburg brothers, SpongeBob’s Undersea Cuisine executives, the DDB Needham commercial makers, and the Klasky Csupo animation department (and, years later, Intertidal Media, SBUC’s own production company established in 2004) all had to collaborate with one another in order for “The SpongeBob Zone” to be a success. …After two seasons, SpongeBob’s outlets were still primarily based in the southern US but were expanding up the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, created a new debate: should S.B.U.C. license the show out to TV stations outside the US, even when outlets were not established over there? Stephen Hillenburg decided to see how the show would manage without the restaurant working to promote it, and so supported licensing; “Walt Disney didn’t to sell mice to promote Mickey Mouse.”

Unfortunately, some foreign seafood franchises believed this to be an underhanded tactic on S.B.U.C.’s part. In Germany, for example, the sea food fast food chain Nordsee accused SBUC of trying to “brainwash” children into supporting the brand in order to ensure that SBUC would make profits investing in expanding into Germany after the TV show premiered. Stephen Hillenburg opposed this notion, though was privately uncertain if some of the other executives at SBUC had supported the move for this very reason. In response to this suspicion and the court procedures going on in Europe, the Hillenburg brothers agreed to reverse course somewhat by only planning to broadcast SBUC episodes in France, Spain, the UK, Italy, and Greece. After a German court ruled in favor of SBUC in May 1999, though, the companies involved began airing “The SpongeBob Zone” in Germany later that year as well. Both the legal challenges and finding broadcasting networks to dub the episodes was an expensive undertaking – but it was an undertaking that received much media attention in the States. Domestically, “The SpongeBob Zone” was already developing a small but growing fan base of children and young adults, and positive reviews of the episodes by parents convinced Stephen Hillenburg to greenlit the show’s continuation, and the company to focus was on that revenue as well as on the restaurants…

– Tony Royle’s American Companies in Europe: An Unequal Competition, Routledge Publishing Group, 2020 [11]

“I always ask people this because I love reactions. With which are you more familiar, SpongeBob’s the seafood restaurant chain, or SpongeBob’s the TV show?”

“I guess the TV as first, because when I was growing up we got Nickelodeon but there was no outlets in New Hampshire the closest one was in Annapolis.”

“You’re showing your age; your definitely a centurion.”

“A what?”

“Someone born between the mid-1980s, like children of Libyan War vets, and the start of the 21st century. Centurions, get it? But yeah, I don’t think SB’s opened one in Boston until, like 2002. They were kind of slow on expanding, but that ironically kept them from expanding too fast like other companies.”

“When I first learned about it, I was like, what even is this? And I friend of mine said, It’s good, so don’t question it, just enjoy it!”

“Which one, the show or the restaurant?”

“Both! I always thought Chuck-E-Cheese was a ripoff of them until my parents told me it was the other way around!”

“What on Earth is Chuck-E-Cheese?”

“NOW who’s showing their age, l.o.l.”

– Private E-mail exchange, published with permission, 11/2/2011

…In April, Hellyer announced that the government was doubling the amount of money spent on combating GCD (Global Climate Disruption) shortly before attending a North American Summit with US President Dinger and Mexico President Luis Colosio held in New York City. The Dinger-Hellyer relationship was reportedly poor, as Hellyer was critical of American military involvement in Colombia and the increasingly militaristic role of the US in the “Recreadrug Wars” in Mexico... …In late May, the new Hellyer government announced that a referendum on Quebec’s political status would be held in December of that same year…

– Hellyer

“…Two major cartels here in Mexico – the Sinaloa of northwestern Mexico, and the smaller Los Zetas of northeastern Mexico – are starting to turn on one another as the Dinger Administration amplified anti-cartel efforts. These return of inter-cartel violence may mark the ending of the unofficial ‘common enemy’ truce maintained between these two cartels since early last year, and may finally give anti-cartel forces the break they need to impede their influence and control over the people down here…”

– KNN news correspondent report, 5/28/1999

“It is from these details concerning the movement of guerillas and cartels that we conclude that key drug lord allies and other cartel members are beginning to vacate Colombia. Our joint efforts with the local governments to repel local drug developers – even going so far as to burn down farmland being used for developing narcotics in spite of heavy opposition to this controversial, yet tried-and-true, defensive tactic – are yielding very positive results.”

– CIA private report from Director Studeman to President Dinger, 5/30/1999

“46 years of being told what we can and can’t do by one person who doesn’t even live here but on the other side of the globe, the same person for 46 years, that’s not something to celebrate at all. It is a sign that there is a need for significant democratic reform concerning Canada’s relationship with the UK. I know that it is taboo to criticize the monarchy, of something who is born into having a high-pay, low-intensity job for life, but regardless of their record of public service, you have to admit that the concept is outdated and woefully undemocratic.”

– Canadian Prime Minister Paul Hellyer, commenting on the 46th Anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II’s Coronation, 6/2/1999

…Danny Antonucci’s seven-minute short for a “Ed, Edd ’n’ Eddy” pilot was immediately approved by the network, making it one of the quickest greenlit processes of the era. After production began under Hanna-Barbera Productions, Antonucci successfully negotiated with Turner-Kennedy Broadcasting, Inc.’s The Cartoon Network in order to work his way into getting almost full creative control for “Ed, Edd n’ Eddy” by the summer of 1999. The series finally began airing on airing TCN on June 5, 1999; its final episode aired on July 5, 2015...

…Saudi Arabia’s lunar probe launched renewed interest in their “Saudi NASA” MAA, but not in a positive way. Focus instead centered around accusations of worker mistreatment at MAA, with the agency contracting construction projects to companies that used slave labor. Foreign investigations into rumors of child labor led to the 1999 exposure of the nation’s child abduction epidemic to the global community. The technet soon circulated investigative reports and “dripped out” a video of several children being forced to use their diminutive fingers to assemble the smallest pieces of the lunar probe. The “drips” soon led to reports on Saudi Arabia’s record on the abuse of women’s rights also garnering international attention as well. In response to these, several American technology companies such as Boeing felt pressured to condemn the Saudi government for not addressing these issues, even while still maintaining government contracts with Saudi Arabia. This was because the Saudi King believed that these US connections, contracts, and contacts would be instrumental and vital to the government’s future technological endeavors and goals “should Saudi [Arabia-Israel relations] ever return to” how they were before the 1978 Atlanta Treaty upended economies and diplomacy in the Middle East...

– Madawi al-Rasheed’s The History of Modern Saudi Arabia, Sunrise Books, 2019 edition

ABC Execs: “Bob’s World” Will Not Be Renewed For A Third Season

…the TV celebration of nature, art and culture around the work geared toward elementary school students was cancelled due to the network not liking the “stable but small” ratings…

The Hollywood Reporter, 6/6/1999


The Calgary Sun, 6/7/1999

QUEEN’S MAN THREATENING TO SACK HELLYER, OPPOSITION CLAIMS! Would Have Deputy PM Charest Form Caretaker Gov’t If PM Fails To Pass 2000 Budget

…The Governor General of Canada, Romeo LeBlanc (Liberal), the viceregal representative of Queen Elizabeth II who serves at Her Majesty’s pleasure, allegedly told a gathering of aides that he is considering dismissing Prime Minister Hellyer from his office…

The Globe And Mail, Canadian newspaper, 6/10/1999

…Pro-Hellyer analysts with very erudite understandings of the legalese involved in situations like this based their replies on the hypotheticals and actions taken by previous Governors General… Hellyer claimed the “purposely-stoked rumors” had nothing to do with budget, but with his repeat criticisms of the royal family. He pointed out that Opposition leader Dave Barrett (PT) and Romeo LeBlance (L) were not members of the parties belonging to the ruling minority government coalition had were reportedly on friendly terms with one another. “I don’t want to call this a conspiracy, but there are underhanded tactics occurring here to keep us Canadians from deviating from what a ruler half-way around the world demands from us.” Hellyer doubled down on his anti-globalist policies and again pushing for monetary reform to combat the recession…

– Edward Smith’s Canada In Crisis: Populism, Regionalism, And Hellyerism All At Once, Toronto Press, 2005

CANADA IN TURMOIL!: Hellyer “On The Edge” Of A Royal Dismissal As Gridlock In Parliament Continues

…The precarious balance of power in Canada currently rests on an ad hoc coalition of the Action, Progressive Conservative, and Quebec parties, a coalition led by Action’s Paul Hellyer, with all three major parties disagreeing on several funding and appropriations bills…

The Boston Globe, 6/12/1999

Host RUSH LIMBAUGH: “Joining us now is former US Congressman and now oil lobbyist Richard B. Cheney – not to be confused with former New Mexico Governor Richard P. Cheney. Richard B. is leading the call for American intervention in Guyana…”


Guest RICHARD B. CHENEY: “…Guyana’s border case has stalled in the I.C.J., the uh International Court of Justice, and so now the oil companies can’t begin drilling in the disputed zone because they need a license from the area’s rightful owner, and Guyana issuing a license at this time could violate the Geneva agreement and thus allow the other country to take action.”

LIMBAUGH: “So what can the American government do about it?”

CHENEY: “Well, first off, about the drilling dispute, I say, ‘finders, keepers.’ Guyana found the oil, and so it is theirs. They have every right to issue licenses to hardworking American businesses. And if Venezuela wants to try something over it, then it’ll be America’s duty and responsibility to come to Guyana’s defense.”

LIMBAUGH: “Heh, that wouldn’t be good for Venezuela.”

CHENEY: “No kidding. To them, I say, good luck taking on the same mighty fighting force that wiped North Korea clean off the map, and raining hellfire onto drug pushers across Latin America!”

– KFBK-AM radio, 6/16/1999 broadcast

Relentless: The Lives of Bass Reeves
is a 1999 action-suspense-comedy-drama-biopic film directed by Wesley Snipes. Starring an ensemble cast, the film premiered on Juneteenth 1999 to critical acclaim and several awards. The film’s financial success and popularity with viewers led to it becoming another iconic Snipes film, and it soon entering popular culture.


Out of over 200 callbacks, Denzel Washington was selected for the titular role. Reeves’ wife, Nellie Jennie Reeves, was played by Danielle Spencer in one of her last film roles before retiring from acting to focus on her veterinary practice. Adrian Holmes was chosen for the role of Bennie Reeves, after Will Smith declined the role. Eric Marlon Bishop, Phil LaMarr, Tupac Shakur (in his film debut), and Jaleel White were cast as Reeves’ four other sons. Additionally, some of Reeves’ real-life ancestors cameo in the family thanksgiving scene of the movie; this includes civil rights advocate Paul L. Brady and Bass’ great-great-great-grandson (and future NHL player) Ryan Reeves.



The film begins with a flash-forward to 1875, where, in the aftermath of the American Civil War, the US’ Indian Territory has attracted outlaws due to it being free of the “white man’s court.” US President Ulysses S. Grant responds by replacing the corrupt judge of the only court with jurisdiction over Indian Territory, located at Fort Smith, Arkansas, with Judge Isaac Parker (portrayed by Ken Kercheval). One of Judge Parker’s first acts is to hire 200 deputy U.S. marshals to clean up the territory. As Native Americans distrust white deputies, Judge Parker hires several black lawmen. This leads to Judge Isaac Parker hires the 6ft2, 200 pound, African-American Bass Reeves, who knows a great deal about the Native American tribes, even speaking several of their languages, to serve as a Deputy US Marshal for the Western District of Arkansas from 1875. Reeves would serve in this position until 1893, then serve in it for the Eastern District of Texas until 1897, and then work for the Muskogee Federal Court in Indian Territory as federal peace officer until retiring in 1907, as one of the most feared marshals of the Wild West, having arrested 3,000 felons, and killed 14 outlaws in self-defense.

The film then cuts back to before the Civil War to when Reeves was a slave for a farmer and local politician of Paris, Texas named George Reeves. During a card game with his master, George accuses Bass of cheating, leading to a fight that renders George unconscious. Reeves subsequently escapes and flees north to the Indian Territory, where a tribe of Seminole Indians give him refuge. Reeves learns their language and their customs, and teaches himself how to be “a crack shot” with a pistol and a rifle – becoming so talented that he is barred from competitive turkey shoots in the future, as a quick flash-forward reveals. Upon learning that the Emancipation Proclamation has occurred, Reeves moves to Arkansas and homesteads. In a quick montage, we see he meets and marries a one Nellie Jennie from Texas and raises a family of ten children (five girls and five boys) who work the farm with them.

The film then comes to the flash-forward from the film’s start, and how Reeves’ family react to the appointment. The film then depicts Parker’s court, which covered 75,000 miles, then the largest district of any U.S. court in the nation. Reeves makes several 800-mile roundtrips from Fort Smith to Fort Reno, Fort Sill and Anadarko as part of the job.
When Reeves returns to his desk after one trip, he is given a stack of warrants for outlaws, but gets someone to read them to him, as he can’t read or write, and so would instead memorize the warrants and then, every time, leave Fort Smith with a wagon, a cook and one posse man. A camera holds on Reeves at this point, encircling him as he rides a large red stallion with a white blaze, carrying two Colt pistols and wearing his iconic black hat, black jacket and polished boots.

A lengthy montage then follows of all the people Reeves arrested, sometimes with a serious injury happening to the prisoners, even after Reeves’ hat and belt are shot right off of him on two separate occasions.

In the second act, Reeves learns of two outlaws were hiding in the Red River Valley near the Texas border. He takes a large posse to a spot 28 miles from where they are hiding and tells the posse to wait in camp. Reeves dresses as a tramp wearing old clothes and a floppy hat with three bullet holes, hides his pistols, handcuffs and badge in his clothes, and walks 28 miles to the home of the outlaw’s mother. Reeves tells the woman his feet hurt, that he has been chased by lawmen that shot him but only hit his hat, and she invites him in to give him water and a meal. She tells Reeves her two sons are also outlaws and suggests he wait for them to return and join up with them. When the two outlaws return that night, the three men talk, and the outlaws agree that Reeves should join them. Everyone then goes to sleep, but in the early morning, Reeves quietly handcuffs the pair, then kicks the outlaws awake and makes them get up and march them outside. Reeves then walks them 28 miles to where his posse is waiting, with the mother cussing Reeves much of the way. [12]

The third act covers the main story of the film, depicting the real-life situation in which Reeve’s son, Ben, murders his wife. Bass is shaken by the death of his daughter-in-law, but demands to be the one to track down his son, who was fled to the west of the territory. Ben uses the survival techniques his father taught him to survive in the plains before entering the Rocky Mountains. After a lengthy chase through rugged terrain, Bass corners his son, who pleads with his father to let him go; he is certain the courts will hang him for what he has done. After a moment of hesitation, Bass arrests his son on principle, and the two men argue on the way back to the Territory.

Ben is tried and convicted, but because he ultimately surrendered, pleads guilty, and expresses remorse, he is sentenced to serve in prison for 20 years. Soon after the trial, Bass himself accused of murdering a cook to takes out on trip to arrest someone, but Bass is acquitted, as previously racist fellow Marshall (portrayed by Thomas F. Wilson), among others in the community, serve as character witnesses, plus the last-minute discovery of the weapon that killed the cook.

In the film’s epilogue, we see that Ben got out of prison early, reformed and lived the rest of his life as a model citizen, while Reeves’ reputation for upholding justice only grew.



– Denzel Washington portraying Bass Reeves, 1999 [13]

…Border crossings have been expanded between Israel and Jordan, the development coming just days after Israeli’s Prime Minister met with Jordan’s new King, ending a thankfully brief period tension over the future of Israeli-Jordan relations…

– BBC, 6/21/1999 broadcast

…As if the Prime Minister does not already have his plate full, Paul Hellyer has today announced that he will be, quote, looking deeply, unquote, into the reports of unidentified flying objects that have occurred throughout Canadian history, from the 1967 Falcon Lake, Manitoba incident, to a more recent sighting in Montreal that made headlines in 1990 due to it being seen by over two dozen witnesses. Hellyer has supported the theory of extraterrestrial life since the 1960s, even attending the grand opening of a UFO landing pad in Alberta [14] just two years before briefly serving as Prime Minister, but his enthusiasm for them has only grown in recent years…

– CBC Television, Canadian TV news network, 6/28/1999 broadcast

[1] For (slightly) more information, see here:
[2] Source:
[3] The value of the US dollar today is 65% less than what it was back then: due to inflation: ; also, I think the yuan conversion is correct, but if anyone here thinks that either of these numbers is too high or low for such a gimmick in 1999 China, please let me know so I can adjust them, thanks!
[4] Compare this to OTL, where/when the 1989 approval level was 16% and the 1999 approval level was 31%, according to / “US public opinion on legalizing marijuana, 1969-2019” by Andrew Daniller.
[5] Really!:
[6] Discovered earlier ITTL due to the alternate fuels movement being more prominent here, prompting oil companies to look for more supplies to lower oil prices to keep them the No. 1 choice of fuel for consumers (I’ll try to cover this better in the 2000s chapters)
[7] Italicized parts were pulled from here:
[8] Pulled from his Wikipedia article
[9] Italicized bit pulled from here:–Moore_tornado
[10] Info pulled from here:
[11] Thanks for these ideas, @Damian0358
[12] Anecdote pulled directly and then lightly edited from this site here:
[13] Actually, its his character in the film The Magnificent Seven
[14] See here!: Also, he apparently became even more interested in UFOs in 2005, after previously spotting a UFO; here’s what he believed in 2014:

The rest of 1999 should be ready to post soon; I’m aiming for August 20 at the latest...

Great to know this United Korea is doing well. Say, when you can, cover, or mention some of the cast of Might Morphin Power Rangers. David Yost, Amy Joe Johnson, and others.
Thanks! I'll cover the Power Rangers in the next chapter!

Great update. Hopefully this Canadian crisis can be solved without a dismissal. Sad to hear about this "Long Recession".
Thanks for the compliment! Recession was inevitable in the wake of Mexico's markets going to pieces because the US President, unlike in OTL, refused to bail them out at the start.

Well here's hoping the Canada crisis blows over I'd hate for the Old Dominion to abandon the Commonwealth
We shall see...

By the way, I’m considering what names should be used for 2003 mission to Mars:

For the shuttleplane that’ll travel from Earth to around Mars and back to Earth again (or at least for that NASA Program (like in the Apollo Program), maybe), what about “Apergy” (a fictional anti-gravity energy first used in literature in 1880)?

For the module to go from the shuttleplane to the Martian surface, how about something like “Seeker,” “Sojourner,” “Adventurer,” “Starfarer,” “Cornucopia,” “Potential,” “Milestone,” or “Invocation”?

Or maybe any one of these more classical names for the Program, the shuttleplane, and the landing module: “Ares” (the Greek version of the Roman God Mars), “Eirene” (the Greek personification of peace (the Roman equivalent is “Pax”)), “Valor” (or “Nerio,” the Roman personification of valor), or “Concordia” (the Roman goddess of society (the Greek equivalent is “Harmonia”))?

Thoughts, anyone?
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Chapter 79: July 1999 – January 2000
Chapter 79: July 1999 – January 2000

“Be not afraid of life. Believe that life is worth living, and your belief will help create the fact.”

– William James (1842-1910)

…In July 1999, McCain departed from Senator Williams’ staff to work as a media coordinator for Vice President Jim Meredith. Describing Meredith as “bipartisan and inspiring,” McCain organized press meetings for Meredith, who, at the time, was aiming to help President Dinger’s re-election prospects. “Meredith was a hype man,” McCain reflected in a 2012 interview, “Promoting President Dinger to all groups with both of their abilities to connect to people of diverse backgrounds, ideas, and ethnicities.”…



Premiered: July 4, 1999
Genre (s): action/adventure/fantasy/comedy/superhero


Barton Johnson as Kal-El / Clark Kent / Superman
Ethan Hawke as Bruce Wayne / Batman
Carolina Ardohain as Princess Diana / Diana Prince / Wonder Woman
Josh Hartnett as Barry Allen / The Flash
Michelle Hurd as Natalie Reed / Captain Blackhawk
Larenz Tate as John Stewart / Green Lantern
Morgan Freeman as J’onn J’onzz / John Jones / Martian Manhunter
Elisa Donovan as Pamela Isley / Poison Ivy
Chad Michael Murray as Arthur Curry / Aquaman
Shawnee Smith as Lois Lane
Chris Rock as Jimmy Olsen
David Krumholtz as Robin
Gary Waldhorn as Alfred Pennyworth
David Ogden Steirs as Commissioner James Gordon
John Malkovich as Lex Luthor
Jeffrey Matthew Settle as Sinestro
Mel Gibson as Darkseid


Trivia Facts:
Trivia Fact No. 1:
The Justice League film was envisioned to be a “launchpad” film, offering characters and gauging audience reception to them in order to determine which spin-off films starring said character to increase production to produce first, and possibly which films should be cancelled or recast. The spinoff films also allowed directors to go for more artsy, futuristic, and surrealist filming methods in the 2000s, with varying results. However, despite this film’s massive success, plans for a direct sequel stalled for years, and was put on hold for five years until production was revived in 2009…

“WE WANT WEBB” Colorado’s Black Governor Makes His Case In Official White House Bid

The Billings Gazette, Montana newspaper, 7/7/1999

…In California, the state’s Attorney General has launched an inquiry into the contents of Kentucky Fried Chicken’s Eleven Secret Herbs and Spices. The bold move to demand the billion-dollar global corporation of Finger Lickin’ Good Incorporated to disclose the famous secret blend’s contents come after Governor Kathleen Brown raised the standards of product transparency. Under the new law, companies must publicly publish, or at the least disclose to the state government, all ingredients used in food products…

– NPR, 7/9/1999 broadcast


…a major player in the reconstruction scene in northern United Korea, investigative reporters have published audio-visual proof of embezzlement and bribery, with possible crime going as far as members of the Ministry of Construction!…

The Asahi Shimbun, Japanese newspaper, 7/12/1999

“I was the one who let in the reporters. I gave them the names and where I knew who went, they did the rest. I did it to avenge the death of a longtime public service, a man who gave so many years to that company, only for them to ruin him. He saw what they were doing – using cheap material in buildings that only passed safety codes because of palm-greasing was the main thing he saw – but he failed to stop it. He told the wrong people at Ministry of Construction. He told the ones in on it, and they framed him. He was not a part of any yakuza syndicate, but the story stuck despite it being a lie. The man took a trip to the forests near Mount Fuji soon after. He was a good man, I great man. I don’t think he realized just how I much I cared for him. What I did was my way of showing it.”

– Anonymous former intern for Sumitomo Construction, 2010 op-ed

PREFECTURE GOVERNMENT TO AUDIT SUMITOMO! Higher-Ups Links To Rule Violations Indicted As Ramifications Mount!

The Asahi Shimbun, Japanese newspaper, 7/26/1999


The Guardian, UK newspaper, 27/7/1999

>MOTHER-POST: Theory About The SpongeBob Zone: Is each episode set at a different SB location?
This would explain all the occasional setting and character inconsistencies! In some episodes, the SB outlet is next to a busy highway, but in others, it’s next to an unpaved country road. Sometimes it is surrounded by some kind of city, but at other times it’s much less crowded than. Sometimes it can hold a large school of fish, at other times it's practically a diner. The food lab Rosie works at can be in the basement or around back or even in a separate building. And heck, sometimes the restaurant is shown to be deep in the water (sometimes in the Pacific but most times off the coast of Florida), but other times they’re just right off the coast!

I thought one episode showed the outlet in the series existing in the Bermuda Triangle area. But this theory of yours is more grounded than mine, and it would explain why sometimes the street is to the side of the SB building, and I think one episode shown them have a drive-thru but not in most episodes!

Woah this actually makes a lot of sense. Heck, one episode showed SpongeBob take a bus to inspect other outlets, and nearly all are identical. One even had what I guess was, like, a cheap knock-off of SpongeBob and Squidward! SB even visited one restaurant that was above water, like in the commercials!
>>REPLY 1 to REPLY 2:
Except in the commercials he’s as tall as a regular person, like the costumed performers are at the restaurants in real life. In most episodes, his size varies, from the size of a glass bottle carrying a message, to the size of a 3rd grader on the beach!
>>>REPLY 1 to REPLY 2 to REPLY 2:
Another example of how inconsistent the show is! So, each episode is self-contained, meaning each one shows us a different outlet independent of the other episodes. Interesting theory, very plausible!

–, a public news-sharing and chat-forum-hosting techsite, 12/12/2007 posting thread


…instead of complex government regulations of monetary flows, parliament has agree to flat-across-the-board stimulus checks for the next fiscal quarter. The 2000 budget was reached after Hellyer yielded several positions and proposals in what he called “a temporary sacrifice”…

The Globe And Mail, Canadian newspaper, 7/30/1999


…The shift toward the left comes as the President’s initial actions taken to combat recession appear to be unproductive, as the number of unemployment filings continues to rise. The move to work will the Democrat-majority House also follows the President’s comment last week that the Balanced Budget Amendment “has got our hands tied.” …In the announcement, Dinger stated that his administration will to work with both Democrats and Republicans in both chambers of congress to “adjust the budget to make way for relief program funding.”

The Washington Post, 8/1/1999

“Why isn’t the President taking this moment to crack down on unnecessary military spending? Why is it that, right now, when we need those tax dollars helping taxpayers more than at any other point in his administration, President Dinger is pretending like the military’s giant budget does not exist? I’ll tell you why – because the President is complicit in the military-industrial complex, that’s why!”

– Former US Senator Ron Paul (R-TX), Freedom Report newsletter, 8/3/1999 op-ed

…The tenuous relationship with parliament and the crown led to Hellyer sitting down with the Governor General of Canada, where a deal was brokered that simmered tension with the UK government for a few months. In an unofficial accord, Hellyer agreed to call a snap election in early 2000 should the Quebec referendum, which had been moved up to November, led to a “remain” verdict. According to Hellyer in a 2015 interview, the Governor General countered with the “threat” that he would dismiss him if Hellyer openly campaigned for the “leave” verdict. “He thought it treason for me to side with the Quebecois over the rest of Canada,” said Hellyer, “but here was the thing – Lucien Bouchard chose to have his party join our alliance instead of Mitchell’s. So I owed it to him, as per our deal, uh, the conditions of his joining us. And besides, poll after poll showed the people of Quebec were much less approving of the monarchy than the rest of Canada, and I respected that. And I was determined to respect their decision on the matter of independence.” Hellyer later confided in the Governor General that he preferred Quebec remaining in Canada anyway, but in 2011 explained that this was because, in 1999, Hellyer believed that “Canada [has] a better and stronger chance of establishing a more democratic relationship with the crown if all provinces [stay] together as one nation.”

According to the Canadian historian Edward Smith, Hellyer was concerned that his alliance would lose a snap election, but decided that he would prefer leaving office “because it was the people’s choice” to leaving office “because the Queen wanted it.” Another reason for Hellyer agreeing to the snap election proviso that put talks of dismissal at bay was reports of PT leader Dave Barrett meeting with Liberal leader Paul Martin Jr., fueling speculation that the two left-wing parties were planning to merge ahead of the next federal election (an election Hellyer did not have to call until early 2004). Calling a new election before a left-wing alliance could consolidate itself was preferable to having the election after a united opposing force had formed; it improved the odds of the Action Alliance pulling off an upset and remaining in power…

– Richard Johnston’s The Canadian Party System: An Analytic History, UBC Press, 2017


The New York Times, 8/8/1999

…And over in California, the state’s Attorney General is taking KFC to court over its refusal to publicly release the ingredients used in their iconic 11-herbs-and-spices blend…

– The Overmyer Network’s Nighttime News, 8/14/1999 broadcast

“In 1986, the US DC Court of Appeals ruled that a business has the right to refuse to disclose to the government of its own country certain private elements pivotal to said nation’s economy. And as Kentucky Fried Chicken’s Eleven Secret Herbs And Spices blend has economic significance, the kind that would ruin our economy even further if the sacred privilege of trade secrets was upended, we believe the courts will rule in our favor, allowing us to return our full focus to continuing to serve our high-quality products to the people of America and the World. Thank you.”

– KFC spokesperson, 8/15/1999

“I’m glad that the Anti-BBA movement is finally gaining some momentum, not just among the people, but among my fellow Senators. I mean, the darn thing is just too restrictive! You might as well just up and outlaw recessions! The BBA inhibits natural money flow, and it leads to all politicians – on the right, on the left, in the center, all of them – having no choice but to raise taxes whether the people can afford them or not. Now, I know many are pointing to Connecticut’s ‘choose-your-taxes’ system, because that is very, or, somewhat, uh, popular, uh, that’s what I’ve heard. Senator Nader agrees with it, so maybe we could try it out nationwide. But we should all vote on it in a national referendum. There’s also others here on Capitol Hill who understand just how difficult it can be to repeal an amendment, even an unpopular one, and so they are instead calling for the BBA to be amended so there’s an ‘emergency stash’ proviso, or addition, uh, to the law. And this surplus would be held indefinitely by the Treasury for when the next recession strikes, so when we get a deficit, we have the money saved up to cover the losses. It’s not a bad idea.”

– US Senator Mike Gravel (D-CA), 8/16/1999 statement during radio interview

By early 1999, however, President Khaddam’s forces, allies and weapons outnumbers both Assad factions combined. Not even Bassel’s brother Maher (b. 1967) dying in battle at the age of 31, and thus creating a martyr for Bassel’s side, could stem the rising anti-Assad tide. In August, Jamil Assad responded to rising casualties and lost territory by scaling back operations against Khaddam in order to meet with the President in secret to discuss the terms of his allying with the government against his nephew in exchange for amnesty. After counseling Bassel’s pro-Khaddam brother Bashar (a doctor overseeing medical operations outside of Damascus), and the highly-respected multinational diplomat Musa al-Sadr, Khaddam reluctantly agreed to these terms, but still kept a close eye on Jamil.


Above: Syrian President Abdul Halim Khaddam

– David Tal’s US Strategic Arms Policy After the Cold War: Globalization & Technological Modernization, Routledge, 2020

Greece and Turkey were struck by a string of earthquakes in 1999. The first prominent one occurred on 17 August, striking Izmit, in northwestern Turkey, with a magnitude of 7.6 (R.), leaving over 10,000 dead. Due to both the Pontic Greek population in the area and to return Turkey’s favor from a few years back, when Turkey helped Greece out with their own post-earthquake problems, Greece led the call for people in the region to pitch in and donate, leading to support also coming from the nearby nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and even Russia.

Land Of Diverse Migrations: Challenges Of Emigration And Immigration In Turkey, Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2009

…A major issue discussed in pre-primary debates was what kind of recreadrugs reform was the best kind to advocate – legalization, or the less ambitious decriminalization. The latter meant the removing of criminal sanctions against low-harm narcotics, while the former meant removing all legal prohibitions against it. At the time, several states were moving to buck federal prohibitions and decriminalize recreational use within their borders, while only three states – Massachusetts, California and Colorado – had legalized medical/medicinal marijuana, with more states being in the process of pursuing the same action...

– Michael Stewart Foley’s Race of The Millennium: The 2000 Election, Simon & Schuster, 2020

GALAXY RANGERS MOVIE UPDATE: More Casting Picks Disclosed For Upcoming Film

…the selection of David Yost, an openly-BLUTAG actor, to play the boyfriend of June, the violet Galaxy Ranger, is ruffling a few feathers, but Yost is determined; “I used to be afraid, but I’ve got a good circle of friends. Let them hate; it hurts them more than it does me.” …Amy Jo Johnson, who played Bev in Seasons 4 and 5 in the Original Galaxy Rangers series, will reprise her role… The appearance of Vietnamese actress Thuy Trang has swelled speculation that she will play the unnamed new female character in the film. Trang, who was born in 1973 in Saigon, United Vietnam, became a child star in Vietnam’s growing television programming industry before becoming a model and Bollywood starlet…

The Hollywood Reporter, 8/22/1999

The idea of adapting “The Super Sentai metaseries,” a collection of connected TV shows from Japan that began airing in 1975, for American audiences emerged in the late 1970s after an agreement was made between Toei Company and Marvel Comics to exchange concepts to adapt them to their respective audiences. Toei, with Marvel Productions, created the Japanese Spider-Man television series that ran from 1979 to 1981, and produced three Super Sentai series, which had great success in Japan. Marvel and Stan Lee then decided to try and sell the “Sun Vulcan” series to American television stations [1] as well.

“Sun Vulcan” was the fifth series in Toei Company’s Super Sentai tokusatsu metaseries. It was broadcast from 1981 to 1985, and is the only Super Sentai series to serve as a direct sequel to its previous series. “Sun Vulcan” is also the first and only series in the franchise to have an all-female Super Sentai team [2]. After the series proposal was turned down by several stations, including HBO, The Overmyer Network picked up the “Sun Vulcan” series. Rather than making an English dub or translation of the Japanese footage, the “Sun Vulcan” programs would consist of scenes featuring English-speaking actors spliced with scenes featuring either Japanese actors dubbed into English or the action scenes from the Super Sentai Series featuring the heroines fighting monsters or giant robot battles with English dubbing [1]. The series’ name was changed to “Galaxy Rangers” [3] for American markets.


The series began airing in 1989, and was a success among younger audiences. The inclusion of male side characters in the American filmed segments also led to the series winning over young male fans as well. The series, however, did receive some controversy in 1990, when parents in Chicago called for a boycott of the show over their concern that the show “sexualized the female body” via female characters “jumping around in tights.” This publicity, however, only increased the size of the show’s young male audience, though some male viewers honestly watched because of the action sequences. After Saban Entertainment chose to ignore the controversy, it naturally dissipated.

The original Galaxy Rangers entered its fourth season in 1993, in the midst of President Iacocca’s confrontations with Japan over trading policies. The show was canceled in 1994 as escalations heightened but returned in 1996 after a success fan-led technet campaign was launched to bring it back for one final, conclusive season. Continued support for the series, however, led to a successful theatrical film being released in 2000, and to several spinoffs, two of which are still airing new episodes.


Pictured: some of the Galaxy Rangers in a Season 3 promotional image



The Washington Post, 8/25/1999


…Brian John Coyle (D-MN), a 56-year-old US Representative from Minnesota since 1993, previously served on the Minneapolis City Council from 1983 to 1993, is the first openly-gay individual to ever launch a formal bid for either a Democratic or Republican Presidential nomination...

The Boston Globe, 8/30/1999

JONES: When the West Wing began airing last September [4], it was highly controversial.

SORKIN: Yeah, and I get yeah. Doing political shows can easily be hit or miss, especially when you want to tackle a issue in the news at the time, or take jabs at contemporary politicians. But I think President Davenport was why it got so much attention, even though we’ve only just recently started to focus more on her in the show.

JONES: Well, yes, the anti-war Jolene Davenport – played wonderfully by Kate Mulgrew by the way – is clearly modeled after President Carol Bellamy.

SORKIN: Except, Jolene is a blond southerner wanting to propose progressive legislation despite running as a moderate and facing opposition from conservatives and even her own party members. She’s like my father a little bit like that. I’m glad that so many people feel that she is relatable, because Davenport’s a Latin-speaking, Nobel Prize–winning economist from Florida who was a professor. So, you know, on paper, she is everything half the country is supposed to despise. [5]

JONES: At least half! Now, the series began from unused materials from early drafts for the 1995 film The American President, right? Except in that movie, much of the action was personal, with politics being on the peripherals.

SORKIN: You’re right about that. Listen, sometimes the characters need to get out of the political back-and-forth. They need to go out of the comfort zone of the four walls of their office, but they don’t ever become action figures. Like in The American President, the action almost always happens off-screen, whether it is a war or a rescue. And what we’re watching isn’t the bullets; it’s the humans that are discussing strategy and consequences and what it means. [5]

– Aaron Sorkin and Interviewer, Vanity Fair, September 1999 issue

…we have just received confirmation that the long-serving President of Pakistan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, has passed away earlier today at the age of 75, after several years of declining health. While it is currently uncertain who exactly is in charge of the country, as Pakistan has no Vice Presidency and Zia-ul-Haq was still in the process of choosing a preferred successor, we can say that his death will certainly have an impact on the nation’s government and diplomatic relations…

– BBC, 9/2/1999 broadcast

…a prominent member of the Wide-Awakes, conservative-populist movement affiliated with the GOP, has been arrested for alleged illegal weapons holding, for allegedly lending weapon to minors, and a few other charges as well…

– KNN, 9/4/1999 broadcast

The second major earthquake of that year happened on 7 September. Athens, Greece was hit by its worst earthquake in 20 years, and Turkey’s was the first foreign government to send aid.

Land Of Diverse Migrations: Challenges Of Emigration And Immigration In Turkey, Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2009


Premiered: September 9, 1999

Company: Amblin Entertainment

Genre: action/adventure/animated/comedy/family[editor’s note: citation needed]

Directed by: Hanay Geiogamah

Written by: Tom B. K. Goldtooth and Phil Lucas

Produced by: Donald Fixico and Mona Smith

Running time: 88 minutes

Language: English


Set in Humboldt National Forest, Nevada, the film follows the interactions and character development of two deer – young bucks, one (Argil, a white-tail deer) blindly self-confident and the other one (Iggy, a mule deer) full of self-doubt, but both quick-to-anger and are from rival deer herds – who get their antlers stuck together during battle and become lost in the forest in the ensuing melee. Wanting to return to their respective groups, who are heading in the same direction, the two must travel together to in the opposite direction – the other side of the forest’s Santa Rosa Mountain Range – to become separated. But to get to “the separators,” the two must work with one another to survive the perils of the journey, including ravines, hunters, storms, angry porcupines…and each other.


Primary Roles:

Val Kilmer as Argil, a 10-pointer Buck from a herd of white-tailed deer who becomes “locked” onto the left side of Iggy; starting out as the kind of deer who boldly charges into things without thinking, his interactions with Iggy over the course of the film make him realize that he does not, in fact, know everything

Jon-Erik Hexum as Iggy, a 9-pointer Buck and a herd of mule deer who becomes “locked” onto the right side of Argil; Iggy engaged in battle with Argil in an attempt “prove himself” to his father and to himself; starting out as a nervous deer who struggles to defend his own ideas, his interactions with Argil over the course of the film help him learn how to stand up for himself and for his ideas

Brigitte Burdine as Chicken, a red-tailed hawk (sometimes known as a “chickenhawk”) with a damaged claw who helps guide Onyx and Iggy through the mountains in exchange for them helping her find food

Sierra Teller Ornelas as Sapphire, a young doe and mule deer who is Iggy’s friend; starting out as a somewhat cowardly deer, she separates from the rest of the herd to try and find Iggy on her own

Tracy Rector as Emerald, a doe and white-tailed herd with whom Argil is smitten even though she does not return the sentiments; starting out as a lazy deer, she reluctantly takes over Argil’s responsibilities in the group when he can’t be found

Graham Greene as Trocto, an elderly buck in the mule herd and Iggy’s father; he participates in the battle at the beginning of the film but is despondent when his son goes missing during the confrontation

Sandra Sunrising Osawa as Olivine, the “wife” of Trocto and Iggy’s mother; she never gives up her belief that their son will find them again

Thomas Hayden Church as Arkose, Argil’s father and the Head Buck of the white-tail deer; a “widow” whose pregnant “wife” was fatally struck by a car at some point before the events of the film, he leads the hard into battle at the beginning of the film

Eddie Deezen as Hudson, a forest squirrel originally from “the 32nd trashcan at M.I.T.” who is inexplicably in love with Chicken despite her repeatedly trying to eat him; he tags along with Argil and Iggy to stay close to Chicken, which Argil agrees to because he finds him funny

Secondary Roles:

Tress MacNeille as Rachel Forrest, a Forest Ranger who uses “the separators” – a pair of mechanical scissors on the end of a long stick – to separate the two deer at the end of the second act; the two deer then go their separate ways, but then realize they can’t make it back over the mountains without the other’s help and the two soon find each other again

Tim Allen as Hugh Heard, the head Hunter of a hunting lodge Argil and Iggy come across during their quest; he almost bags the two at a “corn trap” in the second act; after Argil and Iggy agree to return to their groups together, they learn he is following their herds via satellite technology, and the bucks must work together to defeat him and the other hunters during the film’s action-filled third act

Tertiary Roles:

Wilt Chamberlain

Richard Ray Whitman

Kirstie Alley

Winona Ryder

Michael Clarke Duncan

See Full Cast List Here


Early in the development of the film, Buck society was heavily based on Native American and Canadian Frist Peoples culture who are always on the move and trying to adjust to how humanity is constantly “changing the land.” Emphasis on this symbolism was watered down over rewrites in order to make it more subtle, with environmentalist becoming a more noticeable theme than the cultural parallels. For example, some plot points in early drafts were ultimately reduced to non-verbal background scenes, sight gags, and mise-en-scene moments. However, music from Native American Culture, most notably from the Northern Paiute, Southern Paiute and Western Shoshone groups of Nevada, were featured in the film.


Upon release, the film pulled in a modest profit, and received fairly positive reviews from critics and audiences. Native American groups celebrated how many members of the cast and crew were Native American, with only some prominent Native American individuals disapproving of it taking a "back seat" in the plot. Environmentalist groups praised its messages and for depicting a real-life occurrence of deer getting their antlers stuck together seriously, with one reviewer writing “the film will help raise awareness of the issue of bucks locking their antlers, as, like depicted in some of its darker scenes, bucks can die from it.” On this last point, the film faced controversy and criticism for depicting deer corpses, complete with bones being visible. Violent and graphic fight sequences between warring deer herds also received scrutiny. However, the film was rated PGR (Parental Guidance Recommended) and not AAA (All Ages Admitted), and it was marketed more for teens than for young children; furthermore, as stated by the director, “the characters are expressive in the face and in how the move about, but our animation is detailed and solid, not stretchy and squishy like most cartoons meant for young children.”



The Washington Post, 9/15/1999

MARIN: Eh, I think we first met at Farm Aid ’88, right?

CHONG: Um, no, I don’t think so, man, it was earlier, and it was only a brief thing.

MARIN: Yeah, like a passing thing. And we had, like, had separate cameos in several movies and TV shows, but we didn’t finally actually hang out for, like, an extended period of time until, uh, um…

CHONG: Hey, I think it was the Toronto Film Festival, man. September ’97. You were like, a f*ckin’ mayor or something, and they were showing a documentary on your labor work, and a documentary on my music work.

MARIN: Oh yeah! Yeah, and it was like, “Where the hell have you been this whole time?” Because, like, we really hit it off, man!

CHONG: Yeah, man. I really wish we’d really met up and sat down, you know, and started our friendship a lot sooner, man, because you had the whole Governor thing, and me and Yoko were going through another rough patch, so, uh…

MARIN: So we didn’t hang as much as we wanted, yeah.

CHONG: ’Cause we’re like kindred spirits almost, man.

MARIN: Yeah, we’re like a poutine wasabi taco, man.

CHONG: Hey I could go for that right about now.

MARIN: Hey can we continue this, uh, interview thing, eh, in the kitchen? Really? Cool!

– Cheech Marin and Tommy Chong, Tumbleweed-TV interview, 2018

List of The SpongeBob Zone episodes


Episode Number overall / Episode Number in the season / Title / Original airdate
Plot description

SEASON 1 (1997)

1 / 1 / Closing Time / March 18, 1997

In the series’ pilot episode, SpongeBob is reluctant to leave work early to hang out with his friend Patrick, and so stalls for time until his shift ends on time.

2 / 2 / Now Hiring / March 29, 1997

Set before the series’ pilot and considered the show’s first regular episode, SpongeBob is hired to work at a struggling restaurant, as its founder has trouble doing everything himself. SpongeBob’s culinary talents and hard work turn the restaurant around; now popular, its name is still problematic. Despite SpongeBob yearning for the Employee-of-the-Month Award, the oblivious Mr. Krabs decides to name the restaurant after SpongeBob, much to the annoyance of Mrs. Krabs.

3 / 3 / Kitchen Klutz / April 5, 1997

After his friend Patrick begins working part-time at the Restaurant, SpongeBob has to continuously keep Patrick from getting himself hurt around the place. This is the episode that is considered to have fully established a running gag found throughout the series: despite his efforts, SpongeBob always fails to become Employee of the Month, with Mr. Krabs usually giving the title to Squidward despite him not caring about the title while SpongeBob clearly does.

4 / 4 / The Night Shift / April 12, 1997

Believing it will lead to him becoming Employee of the Month, SpongeBob volunteers to work the “graveyard” shift when the restaurant switches to 24-hour service, only for the poor SpongeBob to begin to crack as the night progresses, and the loneliness and darkness outside gets to him.

5 / 5 / Like Clockwork / April 19, 1997

In an episode set mostly outside of the restaurant – that shows that SpongeBob lives in a pineapple, while Patrick lives in an old bomb shelter with a rock for a door – SpongeBob tries to help Patrick show up to work on time after 15 straight late arrivals. In this episode, we learn that SpongeBob is so dedicated to his job that he wears his job uniform all the time – while sleeping, while showering, and even while the uniform is in the washer and dryer!

6 / 6 / Special Delivery / April 26, 1997

In another episode set mostly outside of the restaurant, Squidward and SpongeBob become lost while trying to make a delivery, and must use any – and possibly every – mode of transportation under the sea to get to the customer within an hour.

7 / 7 / Squeaky Clean / May 10, 1997

In an effort to improve the restaurant’s sanitation levels, SpongeBob goes overboard trying to keep customers from littering and being messy when eating, even going so far as to ask Rosie, the restaurant’s food scientist, to create a mess-free Sloppy Joe, which none of the customers enjoy.

8 / 8 / Mermaid Man And Barnacle Boy / May 17, 1997

SpongeBob can’t help but ogle at – and try to get autographs from – the restaurant’s newest frequent customers, two elderly retired actors from SpongeBob’s favorite TV show (and one of them thinks he really is the character he played in the show).

9 / 9 / Rivals / May 24, 1997

In the first episode to show the fictional Chum Bucket restaurant, Squidward plans to switch and work for Mr. Plankton, the owner of the Chum Bucket, only to see how terrible of a boss he is – he doesn’t keep things sanitary, safe, or efficient, and won’t allow Squidward to clean stuff up because of feared costs. Squidward soon finds a literal loophole in his contract and returns to SpongeBob’s before anyone even realizes that he was gone.

10 / 10 / Rosie Cheeks / May 31, 1997

In her first prominent role, Rosie the Squirrel, the restaurant chain’s Chief Food Scientist, takes center stage in a peanut allergy awareness episode where Squidward swells up like a balloon when making contact with seanut brittle, leading to Mr. Krabs establishing regulations that prove to be too restrictive for most customers to tolerate.

SEASON 2 (1997-1998)

11 / 1 / Pick It / September 6, 1997

The attempts by workers of the Chum Bucket chain to unionize leads to SpongeBob offering his assistance to head union strikers Karen and Pete, who are going on strike, even though SpongeBob is not sure what is even going on or what "going on strike" even means.

12 / 2 / Rules For The Unruly / September 13, 1997

Two recurring customers, the belligerent Bubble Bass and the cranky Mr. Barnacle, push Patrick to the breaking point while Squidward handles them with passive-aggressiveness and SpongeBob remains ignorant to their abuse – until the two customers cross a line.

13 / 3 / A Date To Distract You / September 20, 1997

Squidward’s beau, SpongeBob’s parents, and Patrick’s chilling and unnerving Pet Rock keep distracting them at work with visits and phone calls. When customers complain, Mr. Krabs – who was just visited by his wife and mother – is forced to take drastic measures.

14 / 4 / Our Legg / September 27, 1997

The SpongeBob’s chain agrees to sponsor SpongeBob's friend, boat racer Fred Legg, in the Ichthyopolis 500, a major boat-racing competition, only to soon learn of Fred’s accident-prone ways.

15 / 5 / Under Water Pressure / October 4, 1997

In order to breathe, Rosie the Land Squirrel needs to get a new oxygen tank for her air suit after her old tank is damaged in a food chemistry accident in the restaurant’s underground food lab. Squidward, the only employee available who can drive, reluctantly races from the restaurant to her auxiliary food lab at the campus of Kelp University on the other side of town to retrieve it. However, Patrick, who tagged along, inadvertently causes further havoc by goofing off in the aux lab.

16 / 6 / Pearl Whirl / October 11, 1997

In her first appearance, Pearl the Waitress gets into trouble when she asks a customer for a tip, which is given. Per the company’s tips policy (mirroring SpongeBob’s real-life policy), asking for tips is not allowed due to all the workers being paid living wages. Pearl gets into more trouble when she keeps asking for tips, causing Rosie and SpongeBob to investigate why she needs so much money.

17 / 7 / Errands For The Erroneous / October 18, 1997

Squidward is put in charge of the restaurant when Mr. Krabs has to leave for surgery to correct a shell molting gone awry. Squidward’s attempts to do nothing all day gives way to the realities and responsibilities of running a restaurant.

18 / 8 / The Squeaking of The Hideous Boots / October 25, 1997

In a parody of Edgar Allan Poe’s The Tell-Tale Heart, Mr. Krabs steals SpongeBob’s annoying shoes and hides them in the restaurant, only for the guilt of upsetting SpongeBob to begin playing tricks on his hearing and his mind.

19 / 9 / What A Catchy Title! / November 1, 1997

SpongeBob’s attempt at advertising for the restaurant grows from a single person with an arrow sign to a huge dance rave that envelopes the restaurant!

20 / 10 / SkillBob TalentPants / November 8, 1997

To win over more customers, SpongeBob comes up with the idea of a Talent Show. Several employees and paying customers’ talents are well-received, even SpongeBob’s, while Squidward’s is panned. When Squidward then angrily admonishes the crowd for their tastes in humor, they leave, angering Mr. Krabs, who blames it all on SpongeBob, and leading to SpongeBob once again not becoming Employee of the Month.

21 / 11 / Skywriting Made Not-So-Easy / November 15, 1997

SpongeBob decides to try and take skywriting lessons in order to try and promote the restaurant, only for The Flying SpongeBob to fly out of control, and end up encountering vertigo, wild jellyfish, sea gremlins, engine trouble, US military submarines, and pirates both above and below the ocean surface.

22 / 12 / Surface Will Suffice / November 22, 1997

Believing the diet of land creatures is an untapped market, Mr. Krebs begins selling non-seafood products. These are unpopular among the fishhook and fail to bring in land-based customers – except for a giant moose, which wreaks havoc and nearly destroys the restaurant.

23 / 13 / Talk Without Your Mouth / November 29, 1997

Rosie creates a device that can scan a customer’s head and determine exactly what they want to order. Customers enjoy the scanning, but SpongeBob misses the banter. After Rosie becomes Employee of the Month despite SpongeBob coming up with the scanning idea in the first place, SpongeBob accidently destroys the device in a moment of rage-fueled temporary insanity. SpongeBob is about to be fired when it is discovered that Plankton was "hacking" into the device to steal the data of the customers.

24 / 14 / Opposite Day / December 6, 1997

Opposite Day at SpongeBob’s causes food orders, instructions, deliveries, and even comments to become confused messes as only some employees and customers are aware that it’s Opposite Day.

25 / 15 / Let There Be Lightbulbs Underwater / December 13, 1997

Mr. Krabs tries to scale back electric lighting in order to save on costs. Seeing an opportunity to become Employee of the Month, SpongeBob connects his bicycle collection to the gears in the restaurant’s generator and then hosts an exercise/cardio class, thus powering the restaurant. However, SpongeBob soon loses himself in the role of coach, causing the cyclers to pedal too much and damaging the generator!

26 / 16 / Christmas Who? / December 20, 1997

In a controversial episode, Rosie sets up a plastic Christmas Tree inside the restaurant, which puzzles the locals unfamiliar with the tradition and leads to Rosie, with the help of SpongeBob and Patrick, trying to spread the joy of the holiday to the customers who just want to eat a meal in peace. Rosie reluctantly gives up trying to push Christmas onto others, but is happy to later see SpongeBob, Patrick, and even Squidward partaking in yuletide traditions after work.

27 / 17 / Where's Your Identity? / January 10, 1998

After Tom the Tuna's unhinged reaction to a new chocolate desert on the menu frightens several customers, Mr. Krabs improves store security, including hiring security guards. But when SpongeBob misplaces his new ID Card, Flats the Flounder (head of the new security force) refuses to let him into the building. Meanwhile, Mr. Krabs and the rest of the staff become increasingly frustrated by restrictive security measures inside the restaurant.

28 / 28 / The Price Ain't Right / January 24, 1998

Mr. Krabs tries to cut corners by purchasing cheaper (and lower-quality) food for the restaurant, which SpongeBob soon calls him out on after sales begin to decline.

29 / 19 / Plankton's Plot / February 7, 1998

In the show's first two-parter, Plankton tries to ruin the SpongeBob's restaurant by spreading rumors and lies about the Chum Bucket's competition, claiming the food is unhealthy and that the staff is unprofessional.

30 / 20 / Plankton's Plot, Part 2 / February 14, 1998

Fed up with Plankton's smear campaign, Mr. Krabs challenges Plankton to a boat-off, with the loser needing to relocate their restaurant to the (literal) edge of town (we learn that enterprises fail to stay in business there due to its remote location). In a surprise twist, Plankton wins the race without cheating. However, the optimistic SpongeBob turns the area around by him and Patrick moving there, followed by others wishing to live closer to their favorite restaurant moving there, too. Soon the area has become revitalized, while the Chum Bucket continues to fail to bring in customers. Enraged, Plankton demands that he and Mr. Krabs switch locations, only for the edge to return to its prior status, conditions, and reputation under Plankton's poor management skills.

SEASON 3 (1998-1999)

31 / 1 / Quit Horsing Around / September 12, 1998

SpongeBob befriends a wild seahorse that keeps visiting the back of the restaurant, only for SpongeBob to quickly learn why you should not feed wild animals.

32 / 2 / Table For Two / September 19, 1998

Rosie and Squidward sharing a table at a restaurant to save of costs is misunderstood by Mr. Krabs to be a date, and responds by (literally) dusting off the restaurant's restrictive policies on dating in the workplace, much to the confusion of everyone, including Rosie and Squidward.

33 / 3 / Please Clam Up! / September 26, 1998

Patrick gets a new pet, a small pink clam, but does not want to leave it at home, and so smuggles it into the restaurant, where keeping it a secret proves to be quite the challenge.

34 / 4 / Room For One More? / October 10, 1998

Mr. Krabs and Plankton team up to strategize against a new restaurant that has opened in the area. SpongeBob, meanwhile, does not fear the new competition and remains almost-blindly confident in their customers' loyalty - despite the noticeable drop in sales.

35 / 5 / Burger Come Back / October 17, 1998

A "suggestion box" added to the restaurant leads to customers requesting an old item that was discontinued for reasons that nobody can remember. SpongeBob and Mr. Krabs respond by bringing it back, only to discover why it was removed from the menu in the first place.

36 / 6 / SpongeComp / October 24, 1998

In an "experimental" episode featuring CRI animation technology, an underwater cable shows up on the side of the town. The smartest minds in town, led by the inquisitive Rosie, investigate it, and soon create miniature computers so the locals can tap into the technet. The underwater citizens discover the wonders of technetting. However, in a reference to "Tron," SpongeBob's "addiction" to his computer leads to him being literally zapped into the world of the technet, resulting in Rosie and Patrick needing to work together to rescue their friend.


SEASON 4 (1999-2000)

51 / 1 / Oceanic Origins / September 18, 1999

In a particularly dark episode, SpongeBob and Patrick volunteer to check up on the places where the restaurant gets its food, leading to a showcasing of various forms of sea creatures that eat other, smaller sea creatures. In this episode, it is confirmed that certain fish in the show are depicted as wild animals while others are treated like people. The more scientifically-accurate creatures are called “unevolved” by the more anthropomorphic “fish folk” underwater inhabitants; the latter eat the former.




"She's pretty, SpongeBob"
"Ahhh!!! ...Those boots are so last year!"

– Patrick meets a more scientifically-accurate starfish, The SpongeBob Zone, 9/18/1999 episode

…With Hafez al-Assad’s brother switching sides, Khaddam’s reign began to be seen as legitimate in the eyes of many of Hafez’s loyal supporters, and Bassel’s response to his uncle’s “treason” – massacring over 50 Syrian Army soldiers in an ambush – only made the situation worse for him. In October, Bassel’s headquarters outside of Ar-Raqqah, located along the Euphrates River in northern Syria, was overtaken in the high-casualty Battle of The Euphrates, which finally concluded the two-years-old Syrian Civil War with a decisive victory for the Khaddam government and its anti-Assad coalition forces. Bassel went into “self-imposed exile” (in other words, he fled), moving first to Eritrea and then to Somalia in 2001…

– David Tal’s US Strategic Arms Policy After the Cold War: Globalization & Technological Modernization, Routledge, 2020

“EXTREMIST” SENATOR RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT! Will Seek The Democratic Nomination While Staying In The “Liberty Union” Party

…declaring oneself an “unapologetic Marxist” does not sound like the kind of statement a successful candidate for the United States Senate would make. And yet, last November, a far-left socialist did just that, and still won election. In 1998, Peter Isaac "Pete" Diamondstone of the Vermont-only Liberty Union party ran an anti-war, anti-capitalist, anti-interventionist “Social Democracy” campaign against an uninspiring Democrat and an unenthusiastic Republican, and bested both in a head-spinning upset. Now, Comrade Pete, who reluctantly caucuses with the Democrats in the Senate, is turning heads with rhetoric criticizing the very government he now wants to lead!

The New York Post, 10/6/1999

PRO-COMMUNIST SUBLIMINAL MESSAGE? Are the mascot characters of the seafood restaurant chain “SpongeBob’s” all named after prominent communist leaders?

SpongeBob = Bob Griffiths, leader of the UK’s Communist Party
Eugene H. Krabs = Eugene V. Debs
Squidward = Irish communist Frank Edwards (green skin + orange shirt = the ends of the Irish flag!)
Rosie Cheeks = Rosa Luxemburg, a Marxist philosopher
Sheldon Plankton (the villain) = Sheldon Adelson, a capitalist!

Plus, the founder of the food chain, Steve Hillenburg, is a big-time support of labor rights. Thoughts?

> It makes sense!
>> No it doesn’t, the company founder was apolitical.
>>> Are you kidding? Just listen to his comments about worker rights back in 2005 or so on ourvids, he’s a total comrad (commie-radical)!

> Always the one you least suspect
>> When it comes to what?

> Uh, this is going to be like the “is First Blood a Christmas Movie” debate, isn’t it?
>> There were Christmas decorations all over the police station!!!


“I have a lot of respect for Jesse Jackson, even if I didn’t work on his campaigns of the 1990s. I didn’t even meet with Jackson or any of his family members in any official capacity until, I’d say, 2002. In October 1999, I sat near them at a candidates town hall in Georgia, but I didn’t speak to them. I was in the Leland camp and, obviously, they were in a rival’s camp. It wasn’t exactly bad blood between the campaigns, but there was fear that, like what happened in ’96, we would end up cancelling each other out.”

– Sandi Stevens, Press Secretary for the Mickey Leland 2000 Presidential Campaign, 4/4/2009 comment

We regret to announce that Harold Kenneth Omer, the Chief Operating Officer for Kentucky Fried Chicken, passed away on the 10th. He was 75. As the son-in-law of Colonel Sander’ sister, Violet Sander Cummings, Omer was a beloved member of the KFC family who was deeply committed to overseeing day-to-day operations among our thousands of locations worldwide. He will be greatly missed. His funeral’s date and other details will be released soon.

– Finger Lickin’ Good Inc, official statement, 10/12/1999

On October 11, the Mexican military suffered an embarrassing defeat. In the Battle for Ciudad Valles, drug lords belonging to the Gulf Cartel syndicate successfully reconquered a farming community in northern Mexico near the Gulf, driving local police out of county limits to coastal Tampico.

“Ugh, these thugs are relentless!” Dinger rubbed the back of his head as he returned to his side of the Resolute Desk. He slapped the files on its top. “Every time we gain a foot of ground, they fight us over two.”

The US Ambassador to Mexico, Manuel Lujan Jr., joined CIA Director Bill Studeman, US Trade Representative Paula Stern, Chief Economic Policy Advisor Enid Greene, Chief National Security Advisor Robert Smith Walker, Chief of Staff John Dinger, and Secretary of State Susan Livingstone in the West Wing to discuss the War on Recreadrug’s progress.

“Mexico has long been a source of heroin and Mary Jane for Americans, dating back to prohibition.” Lujan lamented, “So in a way, we set the trails these bastards are now using. We made booze illegal, so bootleggers on both sides of the border established transportation and smuggling networks to take advantage of that. Even after repealing prohibition, the networks and infrastructure remained.”

The President said “I’m reminded of what McCain,” referring to Secretary of Defense John McCain, meeting with Korean officials in Seoul at the time, “told me once. ‘The stronger the action, the more underhanded the reaction.’ We’re trying prevent and educate, and support Mexico’s action – the stricter penalties, the stricter enforcement, and the like. It’s just making the pusher stoop to even lower levels.”

“We can detain the drug lords, that’s easy; it’s their armies of supporters that’s hard to manage,” Livingstone expressed dissatisfaction with US-Mexican collaborative forces. “Violent riots, retributive murders, it’s all a mess down there.”

“70% of the cocaine in this country still slips in from Mexico,” Director Studeman noted in a slight change of the subject. “And the Los Zetas cartel is growing in force along the east coast, as is the Sinaloa federation in the west. I recommend going after the two groups before they can absorb any more of the smaller groups.”

“I disagree,” noted Greene. “The American people are more worried about Mexico than Colombia because it’s not low-intensity like in Colombia. We double down and scare more citizens with violence south of the border, and we could lose re-election next year.”

To this idea, the Chief of Staff stifled a laugh. “Enid, the GOP is practically synonymous with law-and-order. If the cartel wars intensify, wouldn’t we win in another landslide?”

“Not if we keep losing ground to the Cartels,” Greene answered. “At this rate, we could see people lose confidence in us. That’s why we must switch to better tactics, Mr. President.”

The President said, “Such as…?”

“Focus more on preventing deals on the street and arresting users and pushers. Going after the money laundering, which has been a secondary goal for too long. Cutting off their funding will dismantling the cartels and amping up our PR campaigns will lower drug trafficking demand in the US and Mexico.”

“Ha!” Uttered the White House “Recreadrug Czar,” Robert Smith Walker. “Enid, if I had to choose a hill to die on, this would be the one – Americans will always seek out vices. It’s almost self-destructive. And when someone is self-destructive, use do what you have to do to protect that person from themselves, no matter how much that person cries and pouts, demanding you let them hurt themselves. Now, everyone in this room knows the dangers of smoking and alcohol, but are any of us going to stop using either? No. But pot, heroin, meth, cocaine and the rest are even worse, and so must be confined more than smokes and booze are.”

“He’s right, you know,” President Dinger said to the room. “To much freedom leads to chaos. We’ll keep on working with President Colosio, but our Special Forces should maybe go after the bribery, extortion, and kidnapping aspects as well. What I’m saying is we should cover all bases here.”

“But Mr. President,” Enid once again objected to the administration’s precise handling of the war. “Colosio is coming under fire for his militaristic antidrug policies. A new report from the Associated Press claims the number of murders in Mexico is actually rising, not dropping like Colosio keeping claiming.”

“Now who are you going to believe,” Walker curtly asked, “A head of state, or some tenth-rate two-bit newspaper writer?”

Greene looked at her President, who looked at the people in the room. Livingstone nodded slightly. The President thought for just a moment before deciding. “We’ll look into it, Enid.”

The comment was not entirely reassuring to Greene.

– Edward Gulio Romano III’s LMD: A Study of The Dinger Days, Sunrise Publishers, 2020

WINNIPEG WELCOMES WHATABURGER; Burger Chain Opens First Outlet Outside Of The US

The Winnipeg Free Press, Canadian newspaper, 10/19/1999

…Talk of an independent nation for the Kurds increased by the end of the 1990s. In northern Iraq, the calls for the Kurds to have greater autonomy were left unanswered by the national government. This childish ignoring of the problem in the hope that it would just go away seems to have backfired incredibly in the past two years alone…

– Gerard Chaliand’s A Nation Without A Country: The Kurds And Kurdistan, Harper’s Books Ltd, 2001

JESSE JACKSON: “Better wages for workers promotes businesses and by extension the economy because you can’t grow your business if your employees can’t afford your products.”

PETE DIAMONDSTONE: “They shouldn’t have to pay for what they made at all! Let’s cut out the middle man here, people! If it is a product of their labor, then they already paid for it through their labor making it; it is the Corrupt Democratic Way, not the Democratic Socialist Way, to pay for the same thing twice!”

WELLINGTON WEBB: “The danger of corruption and abuse comes with even the most rudimentary of free markets. America needs a stronger, more centralized government – but not one that infringes on state-level and individual rights – because its benefits greatly outweigh any deficits.”

– Democratic Presidential debate, 10/22/1999

“I am mighty disappointed by the President’s recent shifts to the left of things. We must not let the loopy left-wing looneys in D.C. repeal the Balanced Budget Amendment. It is time for someone in the Republican party to be brave enough to make Dinger actually earn re-nomination. Remember – minimum government, maximum freedom!”

– Ron Paul (R-TX), Former US Senator (1979-1991), announcing his bid for the GOP Presidential nomination, 10/23/1999

BAHRAIN ESTABLISHES WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE: Female Citizens Granted The Right To Vote In Local, Regional, And National Elections

The Washington Post, 10/24/1999

“I support a woman’s right to choose, I support the gradual legalization of marijuana, and I support our President’s stance on background checks for gun purchases. I support taxes that are fair, and as President will oversee a Federal Government that distributes funds fairly.”

– US Senator Ann Richards (D-TX), 10/27/1999 comment to press

US NINTH CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS RULES IN FAVOR OF KFC!: Disagrees With State AG, Rules Formula Secrecy Complies With 1986 Standard!

The Washington Post, 11/1/1999

…Governor William J. Brown of Ohio, a consumer protection advocate, and a former state Attorney General, has passed away from a heart attack. Brown, a supporter of Senator Ralph Nader’s potential late entry into the race for President, worked tirelessly to address employment and higher education issues in the Buckeye State. Ohio’s Lieutenant Governor, Sherrod Brown – no relation – has been sworn into the governor’s office, but will have a more formal, public inauguration be held later today…

– ABC News, 11/3/1999 broadcast

POPULIST DEMOCRAT WINS KENTUCKY GOVERNORSHIP; Democrats Win State Contests In Overall Poor Night For The GOP

…After defeating Jackson W. Andrews and J. Y. Brown Jr. in the Democratic primary, Gatewood Galbraith has won over incumbent Governor Landham in a landslide. A state-famous pro-marijuana trial attorney and former Kentucky Agriculture Commissioner (1983-1991), Galbraith was viewed as a political outsider with broad appeal over several demographics. With Darryl Owens, an African-American state legislator, as his running mate, Galbraith campaigned on an platform opposing the war on recreadrugs, calling it “too expensive and too ineffective.” This put Galbraith at odds with Governor Landham’s “country conservative” (i.e., deeply right-wing) administration. However, due to Landham’s popularity being consistently under 40% since June, his landslide loss was expected. The only other prominent candidate in the general race was former US Congressman Louie Nunn, an Independent who entered the race after his son, Steve Nunn, a Republican state senator running as an independent, dropped out after being arrested for allegedly murdering a fellow state senator over a bill over which the two lawmakers were feuding. Louie Nunn received 3.1% of the vote, compared to Landham’s 40.2% and Galbraith’s 56.4%…

The Washington Times, 11/7/1999


[pic: ]

– Governor-Elect Gatewood Galbraith (D-KY), c. 11/7/1999

BLACK WOMAN ELECTED GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI!: Mayor Unita Zelma Blackwell Makes History!

…In a dramatic swinging of the political pendulum, the highly-religious, deeply-conservative incumbent Governor Estus Pirkle has lost re-election to a progressive African-American woman. Born in 1933, Unita Blackwell was a Civil Rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s. She had served as the Mayor of Mayersville, Mississippi since 1976, and in that position worked hard to develop the city’s infrastructure and housing. Blackwell also worked to better relations with the People’s Republic of China immediately after the Uighur Camp Crisis of the late 1980s by inviting PRC companies to invest in the local economy. Blackwell ran for Governor in response to incumbent Governor Pirkle’s highly controversial policies…

The Clarion-Ledger, Mississippi newspaper, 11/7/1999

…The third prominent earthquake struck on 12 November. The 7.2 Mw Duzce Earthquake struck Turkey, this time in the northwestern region of the country, and like before Greece returned Turkey’s earlier kindness with kindness of their own. By the dawn of the new millennium, mutual humanitarianism was reversing prior decades of mutual pain and racism. Genocide was not being forgotten, but it was being forgiven...

Land Of Diverse Migrations: Challenges Of Emigration And Immigration In Turkey, Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2009

KATHLEEN BROWN 2000: How The Controversial Governor Is Finding Support In Old And New Places For Her White House Bid

The Los Angeles Times, news article story and paper’s endorsement of California Governor Kathleen Brown for President, 11/15/1999

“Jesse Jackson does not comprehend the complexity of liberating a nation, especially a nation as diverse and complicated as Colombia or Mexico. He has no real experience with this sort of thing. If he did, he would not be making a fool of himself by going around and telling people that America is fighting wars at home and abroad that we cannot win. Let me say this, okay, this is America; we can win any war. But only under a Republican administration can wars be won correctly.”

– Former Governor Richard P. Cheney (b. 1937, R-NM) endorsing Dinger's re-election bid, TON, 11/16/1999 broadcast

…With the latest results coming in, we can now confirm that W. Fox McKeithen, the Republican who served as Governor from 1992 to 1996, has won a second non-consecutive gubernatorial term. McKeithen won tonight’s runoff race for Governor over incumbent Democratic Lieutenant Governor Melinda Schwegmann, who barely nudged out Sheriff Harry Lee for second place in October’s jungle primary. Incumbent Governor Cleo Fields was term-limited…

– CBS Evening News, 11/18/1999 broadcast

– Associated Press, 11/20/1999

…well the voting saw high turnout, and a host of prominent politicians joined either the Yes side or No side – even former Prime Minister Jean Chretien appeared in pro-No ads – and in the end, it seems that the people of Quebec have decided to stay in the dominion after all…

– CBC News, CBC TV, Canadian TV network, 11/20/1999 broadcast

…Quebec voted to stay in the Union, in what many viewed as a rebuke of Hellyer’s increasingly anti-UK sentiments – and very likely dashing away Hellyer’s own proposal for a referendum on whether or not Canada should become a Republic. The latter would have been a moot exercise in futility anyway, though, as polling suggests that such a referendum would fail; aggregate polling nationwide in 1999 show support for the Crown to be at 95%, while in the province of Quebec, it was at 70%.

The final tally margin to the question “Should the province of Quebec become an independent sovereign nation, after having made a formal offer to Canada for a new political, diplomatic and economic relationship to be developed afterward?” ended up being 52.7% no, 47.3% yes. Lucien Bouchard initially supported the citizens of Quebec questioning the narrowness, leading to minor fights breaking out in some cities, but no matter riots occurred. In the days that followed, “Yes” supporters called for an investigation into the number of ballots rejected; they called for them to be re-viewed and/or recounted. Canadian courts complied, but would later ultimately rule against additional calls for recounts in all of Quebec’s ridings. After three weeks, Bouchard finally conceded “the election portrays that a clear majority that the move to become independent has failed.” Nevertheless, conspiracy theories continue to push the idea that the UK tampered with the ballots to keep Quebec in the dominion and damage the Hellyer administration…

– Edward Smith’s Canada In Crisis: Populism, Regionalism, And Hellyerism All At Once, Toronto Press, 2005

…After the referendum results, Hellyer welshed on the agreement to call a snap election, saying in a gaffe-like manner, “What can a government accomplish in just one year?” Some historians claim that Hellyer publicly declining interest in calling for new elections was an attempt to stay in power for as long as possible, while other researchers support reports that Hellyer believed that if he distanced himself from the controversy, his popularity would improve. “He wanted more time in office so he could start over, start things off again the right way, on the right foot this time,” noted MP Stephen Harper, a PC supportive of Hellyer…

– Hellyer

“I really think the reason why I failed in 1996 had more to do with my message that establishment moderates fighting our cause. I’m starting to think that maybe we placed too much focus on endemically Black issues. This time, we need to be focusing on ALL nonwhite issues, and even the poor white issues, too. We need to be the true progressive trailblazers of this race, and win over even more people this second time around!”

– Jesse Jackson, in a private conservation with media strategist Jehmu Greene, c. November 1999 (according to Greene’s memoirs)

“It is yet to be determined if Americans would live better under a system more akin to democratic socialism – if this nation could even properly execute a system of government that has historically been rife with corruption and suppression. However, it must be said that capitalism, here in the United States evolved in a land untouched by the dead hand of aristocratic lineage and age-old class attitudes. As a result, Americans have also developed a certain pragmatism in dealing with power, private as well as public, and a general subscription to the ideals of democracy which steered the body politic safely past the rocks of totalitarianism and oppression, rocks on which the body politic foundered in so many nations abroad.” [6] By which I mean to say that no two countries are alike, and what works for one may not work in others.”

– Bernie Sanders, controversial Tumbleweed Magazine editorial endorsing Democratic candidate Jesse Jackson for President, 11/25/1999

“Nope. Not a chance. Now matter how well some say he did, for what he is, that man is a fluke. The only Commie thing modern-day middle-America will ever approve of is that growing fast food joint – Burger Czar, ‘Where The Burgers Are’!”

– R. Goldman of Milwaukee, responding to the query “Could Pete Diamondstone Have Done Any Better in 2000?”, 2001

“The rising trend of automation in this country is not a cause for alarm, but it is a cause for preparing for a gradual drop in menial labor jobs over the next ten to twenty years if not longer. Scarcity and poverty from unemployment, though, cannot be prevented with a federal jobs guarantee alone. The democratization of management is also key. And a third assisting idea that is even more generous than F.J.G. is the Federal Assistance Dividend that Colonel Sanders promoted all the way back in the 1960s…”

– Roberto Clemente, 12/3/1999 stump speech


…The White House Economic Policy Advisor is stepping down to mount a bid for the GOP nomination for Governor of Utah… Greene supports the Dinger administration, but in recent months, was reportedly at odds with the President’s lackluster response to reports of rising murder rates in Mexico being linked to anti-recreadrug policies more than to recreadrugs themselves. “She [Enid Greene] believes the reports, but the President believes the numbers are off, that they are miscalculated,” said an anonymous source close to a member of Dinger’s circle of advisors in an expose last month...

The Washington Post, 12/5/1999

…Governor Webb is running on his record, including his legalizing of recreadrugs in Colorado. In November, a speech of his looked back at the history of pastimes dubbed “social evils” becoming socially accepted activities, and compared the War on Recreadrugs to the failure of Prohibition. “FDR recognized the problems that come from prohibiting rights back then – crime organized, loss of potential taxable revenue, so the money spent ends up benefiting the economy. …The War on Recreadrugs must end to continue progress in the United States, and to bring stability back Mexico and Colombia and all the countries between those two affected by the scourge of the cartels and drug lords. …Illegality allows crime lords to thrive.” …Rival presidential contender Jim Blanchard, a moderate in the race, recently offered a rebuttal to Webb’s comments with “We can’t surrender our moral high ground to dangerous narcotics for the sake of profit.” Fellow candidate Jesse Jackson, who is to the left of Webb, is defending the Colorado Governor as both he and Webb agree that “taking drug pushers out of the equation” is not “surrendering”…

Tumbleweed Magazine, December 1999 issue

…For example, then-presidential candidate Jesse Jackson supported his 2000 campaign members ratifying a union contract that gave them higher minimum wage and overtime pay, marking the first time a major party Presidential candidate’s campaign workers were all covered under a single union agreement. This push proved to have positive political ramifications as more and more Native Americans, Blacks, Asians, Latin-Americans, immigrants, Puerto Ricans, rural Americans, urban-dwellers, and poor whites began rally around his candidacy and its “unifying” image. …Initially dismissed as a “favorite son” in 1996 and then as an “also-ran” in 2000, news coverage of Jackson’s union-backed workers helped him in gaining in polls, while he and his backers touted his gubernatorial accomplishments…

– Andrew Boyd and D. O. Mitchell’s Glorious Chaos: A Guide for The Revolutionary in You, Sparkstarters Publications, 2013

HELLYER APPROVAL RATING DOWN TO 35%: Those Polled View His Leadership and Judgement Skills Poorly

The Globe And Mail, Canadian newspaper, 12/10/1999

…On December 15, a hastily assembled leadership confidence vote was held in parliament. A majority of the members of the ruling majority Action Alliance, consisting of Actionists, PCs, “Baconites,” and Frontier/Alberta Party members, had become disillusioned by Hellyer’s inability to push forward meaningful legislation, and were “embarrassed” by his handling of the Quebec independence referendum. In a moment that former Hellyer supporters would later justify as a means of avoiding “establishing a precedence,” claiming the Governor-General of Canada would have inevitably dismissed Hellyer, the Prime Minister was ousted from office by losing a confidence vote, with 61% of his own alliance voting against him. Jean Charest, as Deputy Prime Minister, was voted in as a compromise candidate for Prime Minister, and later voted to serve as Prime Minister for the undefined remainder of Hellyer’s term...


Hellyer’s legacy in Canada is polarizing, with his supporters claiming he was brought down by powerful forces opposed to his populist ideas, while others remember him as a self-destructive radical who failed to stay in office for a full year. His most positive legacy, however, has to be the Freedom of Information Act. The act, passed early in his government, established broad protections of one’s right-to-access, allowing for the public releasing of government records, pending a two-stage review process that can be bypassed with a petition of Canadian citizens’ signatures equaling 20% of the nation’s total population. A second reading was held on it before the legislation was passed. Under this law, Paul Hellyer was allowed to declassify and release hundreds of documents concerning UFO sighting before his sudden and unexpected “overthrowing,” as he bitterly called it in 2004. The most extraordinary thing to come out of these documents was the “revelation” that behind closed doors, the Canadian government did recognize the existence of UFOs, and that more government officials treated them as if they were of extraterrestrial origin that initially let on. However, the documents did not reveal whether or not the Canadian government had confirmed that they are of extraterrestrial origin – only that many government officials believed that they are…

– Edward Smith’s Canada In Crisis: Populism, Regionalism, And Hellyerism All At Once, Toronto Press, 2005

THOUSANDS FOR 2000? Democratic Voters Brace For A Very Crowded Primary Race

…With the President’s approval ratings are hovering in the 50s, his bid for a second full term – which, if obtained and completed, would make him the second-longest-serving US President ever – would seemingly be a shoo-in. However, with Republicans in the White House for nearly eight years, several candidates [7] are seeking to capitalize on voter fatigue and return the Democratic Party to the White House. …Several high-profile politicians have declined to enter the race in favor of others already running. US Senator Alan Wheat has endorsed fellow African-American Wellington Webb, the Governor of Colorado; Terri McGovern has endorsed a fellow female Senator with a past history of alcoholism, Ann Richards; and Bill Bradley has endorsed Jesse Jackson. Others, meanwhile, are shying away from the spotlight for other reasons. US Senator Gary Locke, for instance, declined to run out of fear of his family’s security, as they received racist death threats during his successful bid for re-election last year. US Senator Bronson La Follette, meanwhile, confessed he’s “more comfortable” on the Senate budget committee, and believes he’ll be of better help in Congress than in the White House…

The Washington Post, 12/21/1999

On December 29, 1992, a planned church shooting in Bozeman, Montana was foiled when the would-be mass murderer’s gun jammed while attempting to fire. Because the seemingly miraculous stroke of good fortune occurred almost 7 years before the new millennium, a numerology-based cult formed around the “church miracle.” This cult’s activities culminated in a mass suicide in a nature reserve north of Bozeman. 123 people (including the leaders of the cult) performed the largest mass suicide event ever performed on American soil, via the cult members drinking Pepsi that had been mixed with rat poison, ammonia and rubbing alcohol. News of the terrible loss of life led to brief criticism of America’s mental health laws, but in the longer term, led to the use of the phrase “don’t pop the Pepsi,” meaning “don’t buy into/don’t fall for something that is suspicious.” “Pepsi” referred to the poisoned drink in question, while “Pop” is common slang for opening a beverage.


…The Millennium Dome was built from reclaimed land on Greenwich Peninsula, previously contaminated by the East Greenwich Gas Works that operated from 1889 until PM Goodlad shut them down and seemingly forgot about the area. As Prime Minister, Lennon backed reclamation project and subsequent plans to use the lot to house “The Millennium Experience,” a multinational exhibition celebrating the cultures of the world and humanity’s greatest accomplishments in a welcoming of the third millennium. Lennon differed with his fellow members of the Labour party in wanting to politicize the project and exhibition, due to his belief that such a move would discourage Tory support and lower the number of customers pulled in. This would cost Dome sponsors money and would possibly give the right-wing members of the press “a field day” to criticize his administration.

In the end, the building’s inaugural public function attracted nearly 10 million customers – lower than the 12 million that many of its sponsors forecast. This may have been due to people choosing to celebrate with families and friends at home instead of at what MP Bob Marshall-Andrews called “an overblown museum stuffed into an overturned soup bowl.” However, other MPs, such as ministry member Tony Blair, considered “the Dome” to be an even bigger success than the 1998 Feed The World Concert, and pointed to the fact that the exhibits did turn a profit, even if it was not one as high as expected.


In the new millennium, the Dome has been used seasonally for major events, ranging from World’s Fairs to national conventions and other functions…

– Jacqueline Edmondson’s A Legend’s Biography: The Lives And Times of John Lennon, London Times Books, 2010

…The music scene of the late 1990s focused more on punk, rap, and country styles than in the early half of the decade, though Britpop, experimental, and riot grrrl/riot boy styles were still prominent despite their heydays concluding. …Lifestyle-wise, the gradual acceptance of BLUTAGOism pushed the envelope in terms of what consisted of “typical” Americans, and pushed the Overton Window of what was considered to be acceptable behavior in “the western world”… Politically, the rise of “rational conservatism” and “political politeness” in the United States set the stage for the political “battles” of the 2000s decade, while the success of the Korean War gave hubris to the US armed forces as the War on Recreadrugs/the Cartel Wars intensified as the new millennium dawned... after being in its infancy in 1990, the technet saw a rapid rise in use, with the widespread implementation of computers being established in the education, business, and commercial sectors, and in personal home use as well, by the end of the decade...


It is disputed how serious the Y2K bug was, with some saying steps taken to ease computer systems into the new millennium saved the day, while others believe the situation’s seriousness was grossly exaggerated. Their way, the fact remains that once the clocks reached midnight, only minor issues occurred – practically none of which were even really noticed by the general public. The Y2K Scare is now looked back on with amusing speculation, but one that still serves as a technet-centric example of how international communities can and will work together to solve a common concern.

– Joy Lisi Rankin’s Computers: A People’s History of the Information Machine, Westview Press, 2018

THE QUEEN’S NIECE CONFIRMS DATING RUMORS: Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones’ Relationship With American Business Donald Trump Is “Quite Serious”

The Guardian, UK newspaper, 3/1/2000

EUNICE DECIDES: Senator Kennedy-Shriver Will Not Seek Re-Election

…her decision to retire and not run for another term this November is supported by her six children (Bob, b. 1954; Maria, b. 1955; Tim, b. 1959; Matt, b. 1965 (whose birth in January of that year made her the first US Senator to ever give birth while in office); Theresa, b. 1967; and Kirk, b. 1969). …The announcement comes amid rumors that Kennedy-Shriver was recently diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, and speculation that state senator Kathleen Hartington Kennedy-Roosevelt plans to run for Kennedy-Shriver’s seat this November…

The Boston Globe, 1/7/2000

[1] This segment that is in italics was pulled from here:
[2] This italicized passage is from here: Also, when I first came across this on wiki, I thought it said “all-female team,” and I thought, “Say, that might work here,” due to the Ark Waves of 1970-1971 and 1985-1987 have advanced women’s right further along by this point in history than they were in OTL.
[3] The original working title:
[4] It begins airing a year earlier than IOTL because IOTL, production was halted for a year due to OTL’s Monica Lewinsky scandal, according to this interview:
[5] Italicized passages were pulled from here (and then lightly edited):
[6] The part in italics is a quote from either David Broder and Haynes Johnson’s Of Colonels and Kings: Making Sense of the Sixties, 1996, pg. 197, or from “Heilbroner, p. 167” (I really should fix this source…).

[7] Speaking of which, ahead of the 2000 Democratic primaries, I made a preference poll found y’all:

Please vote!

Here’s a quick breakdown of the 25 candidates on the poll:

James Blanchard, age 58 – “The Best Way to Begin the Twenty-First Century.” After 16 years in congress, Blanchard was elected Governor of Michigan in 1990, 1994, and 1998. While in office, he negotiated with business and labor to slowly turn the state’s deficit into a surplus, and improve its credit rating at a time when the federal government was lowering federal aid overall. Currently seen as the leading moderate – and unofficial standard bearer of that faction of the party – in the race, he, or at least his supporters, believe the failure of Glenn’96 is not the end of the moderate wing being the party’s dominant faction, and that Glenn was simply a victim of a race that no Democrat could have possibly won. Blanchard is seeking to appeal to middle-class voters across the Midwest and the Rust Belt.
Harry Braun, age 52 – “Empower The Future; Empower America.” Beginning his career as a scientific researcher and early promoter of wind and solar energy, Braun served in the House from 1985 until his election to the US Senate in 1994 from his home state of Arizona. His green-centric progressive campaign’s core issue is the massive public works projects he’s supported for years – irrigation, water works, and the mass production of hydrogen via electrolysis from solar power. He believes he can win over blue-collar workers, young voters, and coastal and rural voters, but is certain that the core of his campaign can appeal to all Americans.
Kathleen Brown, age 55 – “Leadership for the New Millennium.” The Governor of California since 1995 and the daughter of a former Golden State Governor, Brown has amassed numerous controversies over the years, such as claims of overstepping privacy boundaries with mental health laws and curbing small business development by creating restrictive government red tape, as well as implementing higher taxes to pay for more social programs. Nevertheless, she is still fairly popular among a majority of Californians for her overall progressive administration and for her handling of the 1999 economic downturn.
Roberto Clemente, age 66 – “For a Real Home Run.” “Dinger For Ex-President.” “Let’s Knock This One Out of The Park.” The former MLB player and Puerto Rico Governor from 1985 to 1993 is making “one last bid” after losing a bid for the Democratic Presidential nomination four years ago. He last won an election twelve years ago, but may run for a “shadow senator” position if this campaign fares poorly. Like in 1996, Clemente is running on a progressive, pro-social welfare programs platform, with a noticeable pro-Catholic tint, and is touting his record of humanitarian action both at home and abroad.
Brian John Coyle, age 56 – “American Pride.” A Minneapolis City Councilman from 1983 to 1991, Coyle has served in the House from Minnesota since 1991. Coyle hopes to make history in this race, as he is the first openly BLUTAGO American to run for US President ever. Coyle’s campaign planks focus mainly on rent control and affordable housing, economic development, and human rights.
Pete Diamondstone, age 66 – “Share the Wealth – or Else!” A lifelong socialist born to a socialist dentist who often gave free dental care to family friend Norman Thomas, Diamondstone, formerly a perennial candidate, was elected to the US Senate last year in a stunning fluke. A self-declared Marxist caucusing with the Democrats despite being elected on the Liberty Union ticket, Diamondstone supports equal treatment for all, justice for all, nonviolent revolution against the corporate-run status quo, and collective/community ownership. Since entering office in January, the Jewish agnostic “radical” has called several of his fellow Senators “war criminals” and “corporate sellouts,” and has claimed that UHC/Bellamycare does not go far enough, adding that Dinger’s revisions to the 1990 Act has made it “even more” like “capitalism veiled as socialism” than it was before. He has also tried to have the National Guard disbanded and replace it with a civilian militia, prevent a pharmaceutical company from relocating to Vermont, and has pushed for an extensive auditing of “all the banks” [sic]. His most controversial stance, though, is his supporting of conspiracy theories surrounding the Iacocca Assassination and the “true origin” of KW2. Endorsed by his friend Pete Seeger, Diamondstone is more to the left than all other candidates by far; in fact, his presence in the primary debate could actually be making the Gravelites actually look pretty moderate by comparison – which means they could benefit from his presence in the race!
Mike Easley, age 50 – “A Better Man For a Better America.” A populist-leaning moderate from North Carolina with “reclusive” tendencies, Easley has served in the House since 1985, and is currently the US House Majority Whip. Education reform, cultural preservation, and transportation improvements are the centerpieces of his “experienced maverick outsider” campaign.
Cleo Fields, age 38 – “For The Future.” The youngest candidate in this race by far, Fields may represent a “generational change” in national leadership. After being elected Governor of Louisiana in 1995 at the age of 33, he presided over a healthy economy, allowing him to implement several anti-poverty laws and measures; he didn’t run for a second term as he was term-limited. Fields “the odds-buster” is embarking upon an energetic campaign to prove wrong “the naysayers” and fulfill his aspiration, dating back to his early childhood in poverty, of being President of the United States.
Katie Beatrice Hall, age 62 – “Prosperity and Progress.” Serving in various elective offices since 1974, Hall, the African-American female US Senator from Indiana, is an experienced politician who has never lost an election. She aims to break out and shoot to the head of the pack by doubling down on her campaign’s issues: reducing crime, unemployment, recreadrug abuse, and family bankruptcy; expanding voting capabilities; international and domestic humanitarianism; and revitalizing several blue-collar industries.
Jesse Jackson, age 59 – “Keep Hope Alive.” Currently the frontrunner, this reverend and Civil Rights activist unsuccessfully ran for Mayor of Washington, D.C. in 1982 before serving as Governor of South Carolina from 1987 to 1991 and again since 1999, and was an ambassador under President Bellamy; his candidacy is “a long time coming,” according to many of his diverse amassing of supporters. His campaign planks include: reversing Dinger-era tax cuts to social welfare programs, reparations for the descendants of African-American slaves, reviving FDR-era programs that supported family farmers/farms, free community college for all, a new Voting Rights Act, a Federal Jobs Guarantee, and “reprioritizing” of the War on Recreadrugs.
Gabe Kaplan, 55 – “Bet On The Best, And We’ll School The Rest.” Kaplan is a former award-winning actor, best known for playing the titular role in “Welcome Back, Kotter,” who also worked as an intern in the Colonel Sanders administration, and as a professional poker player. A US Senator from New York since 1995, Kaplan believes that improving America’s school system (shrinking class sizes, raising salaries and funds, and multiple reforms) will curb the rates of unemployment, recreadrug abuse, troubled youth, and inner-city and domestic violence in the US.
Mickey Leland, age 56 – “On Your Side” Leland served in congress from Texas for ten years before becoming an ambassador in the Bellamy Administration. Elected back to Congress in 1997 via a special election, Leland has launched a second bid for the Presidency, once more with a focus on anti-poverty measures and a “dove with a lion’s heart” foreign policy ideology; if his campaign fails, while Richards’ does not, Leland may run for her US Senate seat.
Ann Richards, age 67 – “The Thorny Rose of Texas.” Running for the Presidency instead of for a third term in the US Senate, Richards breaks from most of her fellow candidates by backing school deregulation, retaining the BBA, and gradually scaling back gun restrictions. Her campaign’s message focuses less on such issues and on her image, of her being a “badass grandma,” potentially redefining femininity in a way not seen since the Carol Bellamy days. While Richards stayed mute on BLUTAG rights during her first Senate term, she is more to the left on the subject now, but her campaign’s main issues are prison reform, women’s rights, upholding abortion access, and cracking down on wasteful spending in the armed forces.
Darcy Richardson, 45 – “In It To Win It.” A passionate promoter of election policy reform, Richardson is giving up a bid for a third term in the US Senate to seek the Presidency. Describing himself as a “progressive reformist,” Richardson backs various ideas, including campaign finance reform, congressional term limits, Gravel’s National Initiative, and the Balanced Budget Amendment.
Arthur Simon, age 70 – “Feed, Heal, Love.” A wealthy, religious, award-winning philanthropist and ordained minister with no prior elective experience, Simon has connections to Oregon, Illinois, New York and California whose brother is former US Senator Paul Simon of Illinois. As the founder and former president of “Bread for the World,” a nonprofit non-partisan Christian anti-hunger advocacy organization that was involved in the “feed the north” campaign of post-war United Korea, Reverend Simon has credibility in regards to humanitarian causes and foreign policy experience. That’s what he says, at least.
Wellington Webb, age 59 – “Webb Will Win.” The Governor of Colorado since 1995, the African-American Webb is a moderate, but with a progressive wife, Barbara Lee; the two are considered to be a strong power couple. Webb’s campaign primary focuses on the War on Recreadrugs, and on the gradual legalizing of recreational drugs. As Governor, public parks and child protection services improved, and crime rates dropped despite Republicans claiming legalizing marijuana would raise it. Webb is considered by most pundits to have a good shot at winning the nomination next summer, especially if he ends up being viewed as a compromise candidate.
Paul Wellstone, age 56 – “For All People.” The bearded, balding US Senator popular with young activists and known for having an iconic limp in right leg from a mild case of MS [diagnosed 7 years earlier than in OTL because of UHC being passed in 1990 ITTL; he reportedly had had it since 1987], Wellstone was state Attorney General from 1983 to 1991, Lieutenant Governor from 1991 to 1995, and has been the Governor of Minnesota since Governor Rudy Perpich passed away while in office, in September 1995. Wellstone’s campaign calls for legislation to help the disabled and the mentally impaired, improved public education, banking reform, defending labor and unions, campaign finance reform, and anti-poverty measures.

Carol Bellamy, age 59 – Seemingly content with her position as Secretary-General of the United Nations, the former US President is still quite popular among Democrats. Receiving support mostly from academics/educators, humanitarians, and feminists, the “Draft Bellamy” has the potential to gather momentum.
Mario Cuomo, age 68 – Cuomo was the second-longest-serving and longest-consecutively-serving Governor in New York history (entering office on January 3, 1981 and leaving office on December 31, 1998, surpassing his successor Biaggi’s time in office (14 years and 2 days) and the non-consecutive total years of Governor George Clinton). He is currently unsure if he should run for the Presidency, but may give it a shot if there is enough support for him doing so.
Mike Gravel, age 70 – The former Vice President from Alaska was elected back to the US Senate last year, this time from California. While he is currently working to get a National Initiative Amendment passed in Congress, he may jump into the race if there is not a sufficient “Gravelite” candidate, i.e. a candidate whose policies are “close enough” to his own.
Richard “Cheech” Marin, age 54 – Starting out as a musician in Frank Zappa’s band, Marin became a political activist during the late 1960s. He served six years in prison for possessing under an ounce of M.J. (marijuana), an experience that cemented his opposition to the War of Recreadrugs. Marin subsequently produced several pro-recreadrug movies before becoming a Mayor. Now the Governor of New Mexico, Marin’s backers believe his candidacy would garner much media attention for his entertaining campaign style – if they can convince him to run.
Ralph Nader, age 66 – Again, there is speculation that the independent-minded Independent Senator may run for the Democratic nomination, only this time, Nader seems even more willing to go for it than in ’96. With an extensive and impressive resume backing him up, and a reform-minded record favoring government transparency and consumer protection, Nader’s entry, even this late, very well could significantly shake up the race.
Mario Obledo, age 68 – A prominent labor leader dubbed “the Godfather of the Latino Movement,” Obledo served as California’s Secretary of Health and Welfare from 1979 to 1983, then as the state’s Secretary of Labor from 1983 to 1985, before serving in the US Senate from 1987 to 1999. A former chair of Jackson’s 1996 campaign, supporters of Obledo entering the race believe he would be an even more progressive alternative to Roberto Clemente, especially for progressive Hispanic-American voters.
Bob Ross, age 58 – The increasingly apolitical “happy painting warrior,” Ross became Governor of Alaska under atypical circumstances and left office in 1995. Now back to being a well-known painting instructor on TV, the euphonious Ross is a staunch advocate of environmentalism, peace, and the arts. His political fans believe he would be the most “Green” candidate in the race, should he give in to their urges and return to active politics.
Jerry Litton, age 63 – Despite having not won an election since 1988, the former Vice President is very likely to jump in if given enough support. Currently working as a senior consultant for several progressive political groups in Missouri and DC, a Litton campaign could win over rural and suburban voters.

Please vote!


Above: The candidates in alphabetical order, top group declared, bottom group undeclared

Please vote!

The next chapter’s E.T.A.: August 26 at the very latest!

Another great update. As a fan of the show Power Rangers I loved seeing TTL's version of them and the West Wing! So many candidates to choose from. I'm going Jesse Jackson. Also no Gore 2000?
I hope you voted in the poll; those things influence TTL, y'know! :)
Because Gore's dad never lost re-election, Jr stayed in his original career as a reporter and then branched out into documentary filmmaking (I think I mentioned this in an earlier chapter or two, I'll have to check...). So he hasn't held political office. I'll mention him in the next chapter! :)
Nice tkae on West Wing and Power Rangers.
I'm impressed with how this basically turned into the Board's most elaborate Election Game.
I'm intrigued by some of these international butterflies...
We'll see how things unfold...
@gap80, I like this TL, especially for creating a world similar to yet different from OTL...

Waiting for more...

The next update should be up no later than the 26th!
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JONES: Well, yes, the anti-war Jolene Davenport – played wonderfully by Kate Mulgrew by the way – is clearly modeled after President Carol Bellamy.
This is something I never knew I needed but now desperatly want.

Also it looks like the Millennium Dome is being handled a little better then otl, even if it's still a god ugly building
Another great update. As a fan of the show Power Rangers I loved seeing TTL's version of them and the West Wing! So many candidates to choose from. I'm going Jesse Jackson. Also no Gore 2000?
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I hope you voted in the poll; those things influence TTL, y'know! :)
Because Gore's dad never lost re-election, Jr stayed in his original career as a reporter and then branched out into documentary filmmaking (I think I mentioned this in an earlier chapter or two, I'll have to check...). So he hasn't held political office. I'll mention him in the next chapter! :)
No problem. It would be really cool if Vice President Meredith is nominated for the Republicans as President going up againstJesse Jackson for the Democrats. Two African Americans on both sides for President in the new millennium
Chapter 80: January 2000 – June 2000
Chapter 80: January 2000 – June 2000

“We are all bozos on the same bus, so we might as well sit back and enjoy the ride.”

– Wavy Gravy (OTL)

“The door’s always open,” said the voice; visitors needed to be cleared by the security guards, nevertheless.

Bob’s former Chief of Staff had been curious for weeks. The call kept coming; newspaper editorials, radio call-ins, and good ol’-fashion grassroots-style grapevine-traversing enthusiasm had led to opinion poll after opinion poll. What was Bob’s take on it all? What was going on in his old boss’s mind?

“In the studio, Jimmy,” Jim heard the voice say as he entered the abode, a surprisingly modest lake house, nestled near the banks of a contributor of the Tanana River, more than 20 miles upstream from Fairbanks proper. Jim entered the hall and followed the voice into the large room facing the waterfront.

On the love seat rested Bob’s beau, Linda, who still remembers the scene fondly. In front of a large tripod holding a nearly-finished oil-on-canvas stood Bob. “Hello, Jim, what can I do for you this beautiful morning?”

Jim smirked, “You know why I’m here. You called me, remember?”

“So I did.”

“So, you’ve made a decision, then, yeah?”

“I will admit, America does need a few touchups here and there.”

“That’s a yes, right?” Jim’s face lighted up at the prospect of, let’s say, going national. “Because there’s a lot of issues you can address even if you don’t make it.”

Bob sighed as he zig-zagged a bit of emerald green onto a branch, giving a tree a friend in his unfinished world. “It’s like I tell the painters at home, Jim. ‘We want happy paintings. Happy paintings. If you want sad things, watch the news.’ [1]

“It wouldn’t hurt to try. I mean, it wouldn’t, uh, knock the wind out of your sails, um, I mean, your doing much better, yeah?”

“Paint a bush, don’t beat around one,” he said gently but assertively.

“Can your body take such an undertaking or not,” Jim said more firmly.

“It’s still in remission, Jim.”

“Well good, because the leukemia would be a major concern.”

He paused for just a second. “I was talking about my political drive,” he said warmly, smiling at the unintentional joke.

Linda giggled at the exchange as well, then left her seat to give her two cents. “I wouldn’t mind another bunch of months on a campaign bus. Heck, I take up less room that your paints.”

Bob smiled at her, then turned back to the painting as he add the final details on the meadow. Some red dots to create roses, and white-and-yellow spots for daisies. Finished; another landscape, beautiful and serene like most of his. Only this one seemed to conjure up an even greater sense of optimism. Light sirrus clouds edged the top of the canvas and tiny acidic leaves blow on by in the meadow. A scene of change, of hope. Bob walked on over to the window, his face now just inches away from the glass. Squinting, he gazed past the lake before him and onto the mountainous terrain beyond, as the morning sun shined its rays brilliantly onto the works of nature. “I guess one more voice defending these majesties wouldn’t hurt.”

Jim smiled.

“We’ll give it a go,” said Linda confirmed.

– Kristin G. Congdon, Doug Blandy, and Danny Coeyman’s Happy Clouds, Happy Trees: The Bob Ross Phenomenon, University Press of Mississippi, 2014

BOB ROSS ENTERS PRESIDENTIAL RACE: Credits Large Draft Movement [2] For Last-Minute Bid

– Anchorage Daily News, 1/9/2000

My past life of stumbling around in a drug-induced haze of ups and downs and highs and lows finally caught up to me at the dawn of the new century. At 65, my haired gone all white, my eyes had become little glasses I kept in a little case in a little zipper pocket so they’d never fall out an embarrass me. At worst of all, my heart was giving out. Heart disease, the cardiovascular menace was wrecking my heart every which-a-way. I couldn’t hide it from my fans; I would sweat profusely, I looked puffy from treatment, and I was exhausted from me and my doctors and therapist worked to keep me at that balance between needing medicine and wanting more. On January 10, I had that on-stage collapse in Houston. The next day, I confirmed what many already had guessed. I had the heart of a 90-year-old man, and he was about to retire on me.

– Elvis Presley’s second autobiography It’s Been All Right, I Guess: My Life So Far Once More, Berkley Books, 2018

…Some of the more technologically-sophisticated Wide-Awakes began the new millennium by targeting school netsites to spread their jingoistic, militaristic, or even pro-violence propaganda. Dubbed “cyber-terrorists” whenever they verbally harassed technetters, the incidents lead to “e-threats” rising in prominence and in seriousness…

– Joy Lisi Rankin’s Computers: A People’s History of the Information Machine, Westview Press (e-publication), 2018

…In other news, an upstate New York man has been arrested at his home in Poughkeepsie for allegedly plotting to bomb the Duchess County Sheriff’s Office. According to several of the apprehended individual’s neighbors, the arrested man held radical views such as supporting eugenics and the use of nuclear weapons as a first-response measure to all conflicts in non-white nations. Local police claim that an assortment of cherry bombs, dynamite sticks, C4, and homemade pipe bombs were found in a raid on his home. The man in question, a resident known by locals for being an active supporter of the Wide-Awakes, a conservative pro-military political organization affiliated with Republican war hawks, was known for previous incidents of public disturbance. He was apprehended because these incidents led to him being observed by local law enforcement under the Mental Health Protection Act passed by New York Governor Cuomo in 1996...

– NBC News, 1/11/2000 broadcast


…Governor Jesse Jackson, whose crowds at political rallies across the country have often numbered in the thousands, was placed under Secret Service protection yesterday, a spokesman for the agency said.

The agency authorized the protection for Governor Jackson after consulting with a Congressional advisory committee that reviews security for presidential hopefuls. The decision to assign agents to Governor Jackson, nearly two months before voting even begins in the Democratic Presidential primaries, is the earliest the Secret Service has ever issued a security detail to a candidate. Jackson received such protect when he ran for President in 1996, but not until April, after already winning several primaries.

A spokesperson for the Secret Service today said the agency was not aware of any specific threat against Jackson, and declined to provide details of what had prompted the elevation of security for Governor Jackson.

Presidential candidates often resist security protection until the last possible moment, saying it restricts movement and prevents them from campaigning directly with people. But since Governor Jackson announced his candidacy, he has been accompanied by a private security detail hired by his campaign. Members of this detail also have declined to discuss whether the Governor has received specific threats.

In an interview yesterday, Jacqueline Brown Jackson, the Governor’s wife, said the Secret Service protection underscored the notion that “we are moving to the next level” of the presidential campaign, “including unusually large crowds and attention. Security was one of many issues that I have and will have in the course of this campaign,” said Mrs. Jackson, who has talked openly about fearing for her husband’s safety. “But I’ve thought through in my mind all the possible scenarios and how we’re going to handle it.”

Generally, candidates are placed under security protection around the time they receive their party’s nomination
. [3] In the 1996 election, for example, Senator John Glenn received his secret service details in June, days after the primaries had concluded and Glenn was viewed as the nominee-in-waiting...

The New York Times, 1/17/2000

…In his fifth formal State of the Union Address, held on Thursday, January 27, 2000, Dinger sought to appeal to voters beginning to tire of the warfare continuing on down in Mexico and Colombia. After describing the situation down there as “promising,” he branched off to mention how, “while foreign threats peck at the back of our minds, domestic threats must be addressed as they strike at the live and livelihoods of more Americans every day” – heart disease, STDs, and cancer rates; automobile accidents; knife and gun accidents; and other culprits responsible for unnatural deaths were touched on. In an additional effort to win over voters who cared more for economic/domestic-policy issues than foreign-policy ones, Dinger touted the improvements to the economy that had been made in the months since the nation entered recession, but the fact that DOW Jones had recovered did little to either comfort or win over those still living off NITR and the slashed remains of FJG program instead of the full employment that they had previously enjoyed…

– Edward Gulio Romano III’s LMD: A Study of The Dinger Days, Sunrise Publishers, 2020

AL GORE JR.’S “BELLAMY”: A Documentary On America’s First Female President Shines Light on Misogyny Still Found In Politics

…Al Gore Jr., the documentary filmmaker who rose to national prominence with his 1987 debut “Before It’s Too Late” and the 1990 critically-acclaimed “Get Well Soon” hopes his latest project will “shine a light on the parts of the administration that few people are aware of.”…

The Nation, progressive news magazine, 1/29/2000

…The book [Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser] was published in 2000. …while attempted to describe broadly the issues concerning the fast food industry and how it impacts American eating habits, the book particularly criticizes McDonald’s. Additionally, while praising the early efforts taken by KFC in the 1970s to improve the quality of their products, the author also criticizes modern KFC more failing to promote healthy eating habits in recent advertising. The debatably scathing attacks were viewed as “a new low” for the company by some but dismissed by others…


…On 1 February, when John decided to declassify several million pages worth of military documents, he gave me one simple reason as to why he would do something so controversial at a time when his approval ratings were not too reassuring that he would even win the general election set to be held later that year: “I had to give people the truth!”

John had been inspired by the 1956 book Alas, Babylon, which he had been given and read in 1965 to become more involved in the calls for nuclear disarmament, but from what I gather, it was really the 1975 film adaptation that really lit a fire under him. The movie had never gotten a big screen adaptation until then, apart from being an episode on Playhouse 90 in 1960. But I know that that film, directed by Roman Polanski and Roger Corman, and I think co-written by Rod Serling right before he died, was one of John’s favorites. He used to watch it every time it was available. Theaters, television, and when the Micro-LaserDisc (MLD) became a thing, John personally called the people who made it to get the ball rolling on it becoming available on home video. You don’t do that without really liking the movie…

– Lyn Cornell-Lennon’s memoir, Lennon & I: Our Lives: From Liverpool to 10 Downing Street And Back Again, Thames Books, 2017

“Look around. Look at what we have. Beauty is everywhere – you only have to look to see it.” [4]

– Bob Ross, calling for greater land preservation measures while campaigning in White Mountain National Forest, NH, 2/3/2000


….calling Presidential candidate Pete Diamondstone “the only true progressive in this race,” Malcolm X traveled to Diamondstone’s home town of Brattleboro, Vermont to give a speech encouraging young voters to “listen to what this man is really saying.” Like the junior US Senator from Vermont, Civil Rights activist Malcolm X has suggested the use of “armed revolution” from time to time, albeit in order to create “natural racial secession,” as X described it in 1967. Mr. X also agrees with Diamondstone that “government should provide, not suffocate; enshrine, not desecrate; and preserve, not decimate,” as X put it in his speech, and that all “responsible Americans” should own “as many guns as they need to keep themselves and their families safe and protected.”


(please forgive the shoddy editing on this picture; I'm already sorry about it :( )

Above: Malcolm X, endorsing Diamondstone outside of the US Senator’s house in Brattleboro, VT.

Malcolm X, 74, was most influential in the early and middle years of the 1960s decade, when racial disparities persisted after the 1962 Civil Rights Act was passed, and “shoutnik” activism was at its apex. Since then, Malcolm X has only slightly pivoted ideologically – to far-left, from very-far-left – with his persistent support of the Second Amendment – even after the assassination of President Iacocca – and his claims that “the welfare state keeps The Black Man in invisible chains” being his most libertarian viewpoints. He is currently seen as an elder statesman for various socialist groups – even serving as Angela Davis’ 1988 campaign manager. With a belligerent debating style, X has continued to stir up controversy ever since his 1964-65 trial and acquittal for the murder of Louis Farrakhan. In 1998, for example, X butted heads with Al Sharpton and then-gubernatorial candidate Jesse Jackson over Jackson’s support of gun regulation, with X claiming “these kind of laws take away guns from more Black hands than White hands,” despite most studies suggesting X greatly exaggerated the disparity. In another example from last September, X flipped the bird to Wellington Webb for failing to close a major private prison outside of Boulder, Colorado…

The Boston Globe, 2/5/2000


Mexico City, MEXICO – Francisco Labastida, Mexico’s former Interior Minister and a leading candidate for President of Mexico, may have just lost his chance for higher office, as CIA officers working with Interpol and Mexico’s DFS have announced that “irrefutable long-standing ties” have been discovered linking Labastida to multiple recreadrug dealers. Labastida has been accused of protecting Sinaloan drug traffickers by overlooking their criminal activities, with connections to the drug lord underworld reportedly dating back to Labastida’s time as Governor of Sinaloa in the 1980s. If true, the case is the most high-profile example of corruption in Mexico yet. As Mexico is a key part of major supply routes for heroin, cocaine, and other dangerous and illegal narcotics, passing into the US, the federal government is coordinating with Mexican agents to combat “multinational crisis,” as Dinger called it in his State of the Union address last month…

The Washington Times, 2/7/2000

“I don’t get it, John. Jackson’s not as radical as Diamondstone, but he’s still a radical!”

“Maybe people aren’t getting the threat these Mexican cartels pose.”

“What's to not understand, though? I mean, is it because it’s a new kind of war, one where we’re sending in troops to combat criminals instead of other troops?”

“I don’t really know, Larry. But the fact remains that the calls for legalization backed by the likes of Jackson and Wellington Webb are only rising.”

“Maybe we should double down on the message – the Americans can’t allow recreadrug,s and the crime and death rates that accompany them, to become the new norm!”

– President Larry Dinger and Chief of Staff John Dinger, White House transcript, 2/9/2000 (publicly released in January 2009)

‘OUR NATIONAL COMMUNITY’: Jackson Gaining Momentum, Siphoning Supporters, Funding From Fields, Hall, Webb

The Daily Advertiser, Louisiana newspaper, 2/11/2000


London, ENGLAND – More than two years after a formal consultation was launched to determine how to best introduce civil marriage for British BLUTAGs into the United Kingdom, parliament’s Marriage Couple’s Act was been granted royal assent – a major stepping stone that will ease the passing of this landmark piece of legislation. In effect repealing the Matrimonial Causes Act passed under PM Powell in 1972, and reversing the Civil Partnership Act and Gender Recognition Acts passed under PM Goodlad in 1989 and 1991, respectively, the Marriage Couple’s Act may very well lead to same-sex marriage being legal in the UK in the very near future. The bill was introduced by Conservative MP Matthew Parris and was sponsored by members of the Labour, LD, and Intrepid Progressive parties. Citing “no credible reason, morally, ethically, mathematically, religiously or logically, to oppose this bill,” PM Lennon approved the draft penned by the House of Commons in January. “Letting people who love one another marry will strengthen, not weaken, the institution of marriage.” The bill also includes wording that is meant to ensure that religious organizations will not be forced to conduct same-sex marriages – wording which may have been a contributing factor in the crown assenting to its passing. “This is a legal matter before it is a faith matter,” explains MP Gordon Marsden (Labour)…

The Guardian, UK newspaper, 15/2/2000


…”Jackson promoted the largest and diverse set of ideas,” says one audience member. Indeed, Jackson’s support for a “Voting Rights For All” Act, “so that all American have the right to full representation,” and calling for all territories to become states or be treated like states in Presidential elections, was well-received by viewers. His support for anti-gerrymandering legislation, and a guarantee of every American voting via Automatic Voter Registration, were also praised. His support for voting rights for those found guilty of victimless crimes, however, received criticism from most other candidates on stage, especially from Senator Richards. ...When the subject of government efficiency came up in relation to the controversial Balanced Budget Amendment, Ross stated “Sometimes you’ve just got to take something that’s well-meaning but doesn’t work right and just beat the devil out of it until it works like it’s supposed to. If there’s a government program that’s iffy, we’ll review it, and see what money’s being used on what exactly and specifically, so we remove government waste and use taxpayer money for taxpayer needs.” …Diamondstone’s gauche remarks – calling for all prison regardless of the crimes for which they were convicted to have the right to vote, and for all workers to have 1 hour of paid time off for every 9 hours spent working – set him apart from the other men and women on the stage, and made even far-left candidates like Paul Wellstone look moderate by comparison...

The Bangor Daily News, Maine newspaper, 2/21/2000

As the economy continued to struggle, the once-highly-popular PM Ryutaro Hashimoto lost support, and resigned in November 1999; he was succeeded by Takeo Hiranuma, a member of the Diet since 1980 who had overseen several ministries since 1987. …The yakuza were increasingly angry at American and Japanese politicians trying to “run [them] out of business.” While America’s Dinger was not as hardline as Iacocca when to came to Japanese machinations, he was still reluctant to lend Japan a helping hand, at least not one as large as many in Japan wanted them to lend. In response to this, several prominent syndicates dedicated to take a more active approach to local politics. Blackmailing prominent Japanese locals and politicians to promote anti-American sentiments and policies came easy, as such sentiments were already festering; the yakuzas’ action simply brought them up to the surface. Thousands across Japan blamed the US’s belligerence earlier on in the second half of the 1990s for the recession ending their two decades of economic expansion in 1999. Despite the government’s effort to rebuild the national economy without resorting to “backwards isolationism” as Hiranuma called it, the yakuza’s pushing of anti-American politicians, with many of them being from “the hard right” of the dominant LDP, led to several conservatives gaining prominence and influence in Japanese politics. An effort to push conservative members of the LDP into higher positions of power was the subsequent result of this.

Within the LDP existed factions closely aligned with the Uyoku Dantai, an ultranationalist far-right group founded in 1996 and quickly grew in size after the nations entered recession. Calling for more isolationist practices, the group’s most controversial plank was its revisionist view of Japan’s actions in WWII, with many members downplaying or even outright denying several war crimes incidents, and claiming that there was a “self-hate bias” taught in modern Japan’s education centers. This group was also backed by the yakuza, and without blackmail or threats, either.

It seemed the LDP was approaching a leadership crisis, as Hiranuma failed to keep the factions united ahead of new elections.

Enter Shintaro Ishihara.

Ishihara (b. 1932), a friend and somewhat follower of controversial conservative nationalist writer Yukio Mishima, was one of the most prominent conservative/right-wing politicians in Japan’s Diet, having served in the House of Representatives from Tokyo since 1972. A Liberal Democrat with independent tendencies, he was the one who authored the 1989 book “The Japan That Can Say No,” which called on his countryman to “stand up” to the US. Many analysts believe this and other works promoted anti-US business practices in the late 1980s and early 1990s – practices that had led to Lee Iacocca running for President in 1992. Seeing a chance to “lead the party in a better direction,” he worked with the hard-right factions of the LDP to become their unofficial leader, and reached out to more moderate members of the party in the hopes of forming an anti-Hiranuma coalition.

Most Diet members, however, were not that interested in throwing Hiranuma under the bus until another major scandal hit the presses. It was discovered that Hiranuma’s son-in-law was embezzling funds from a Hokkaido construction company. In a moment reminiscent of the Lockheed bribery scandals of yesteryear [5], the scandal rocked Hiranuma’s administration and was embarrassing at a multi-national level.

Four weeks later and Hiranuma had failed to bounce back from the scandal. In a leader confidence vote, Hiranuma was rejected from the office of Prime Minister and replaced with Ishihara.

Two weeks after that, on February 28, 2000, the general election was held. Ishihara increased the number of the LDP’s seats, besting several opposing parties. The most prominent of his challengers were Yukio Hatomaya of the Democratic Party, and 85-year-old Kaname Harada of the Socialist Party (Harada was WWII veteran whom, due to the grief of him killing, opened a kindergarten and became an anti-war activist)…

– Alec Dubro and David E. Kaplan’s Yakuza: Japan’s Criminal Underworld, University of California Press, 2003

…After less than two years, KFC began considering ending the production and broadcasting of the “Cartoon Colonel” commercials, voiced by Oscar winner Randy Quaid, as many older customers were still calling in to complain that the portrayal was disrespectful to the Colonel. “But even his kids liked it,” argued Quaid in a 2000 meeting at KFC advertising division. “Well the silly old grannies who remember the Colonel and the conservative are still having a hard-o for the old man don’t. They may not be the majority, but a minority group always get their way when they’re this loud and annoying,” was the answer he received, according to his autobiography. After this, Quaid met with FJC CEO J. A. Collins to make his case that the cartoon series was popular, saying “Only people who aren’t satisfied pick up the phone to call management nowadays.” Quaid also took to the technet, where he discovered that younger consumers were more supportive to keeping the “Cartoon Colonel” “character” around. Some technetters even suspected that it would receive his own cartoon spinoff series, similar to what had happened to the mascot of the SpongeBob’s seafood restaurant chain. However, Collins came to the conclusion that it was these rumors of the TV series that was fueling the rise in “anti-CC” backlash. On February 28, the KFC confirmed in a public announcement that the company had no intention of, or plans to, create a TV series based on the Cartoon Colonel. Based on post-announcement technet forum discussions and other trends, the announcement disappointed some younger customers, but seemed to have contributed to a drop in anti-CC complaints…

– Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation Revisited: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal, Mariner Books, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012


The Minnesota Daily, side article, 3/1/2000

…On March 2, 2000, a shipment of cocaine was apprehended 20 miles south of El Paso by anti-narcotics officers from both sides of the border. The Dinger administration made sure to capitalize on the event, calling it “just another victory” in their ongoing fight to stem the flow of drugs into the US. The uptick in Dinger’s approval ratings significantly took the steam out of former Senator Paul’s anti-incumbent tires just days before the nation’s New Hampshire Presidential primaries…

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019


…on the Republican side, Dinger defeated challenger Ron Paul in a landslide; the President received 94.3% of the vote, compared to Paul, 5.2%; the remaining percentage went a several minor and write-in candidates…

– The New Hampshire Union Leader, 3/7/2000

JUSTICE EDWARD H. LEVI DIES AT 88: Sanders Appointee Walked Line Between Left And Right Factions In Supreme Court

…The associate justice, who was suffering from Alzheimer’s Disease, was planning to retire next January…

The Washington Post, 3/9/2000


The Los Angeles Times, 3/10/2000

…In order to boost the economy and lower unemployment, the Korean government launched The Reconnection Project in 1999, which saw the building of rail lines and roadways on the peninsula, some of whom even cut through selected parts of the DMZ in order to better physically connect the two regions. Maglev train construction increased during the period, with workers breaking ground on one in Pyongyang in March 2000…

– John Wood’s Travel Technology: Maglev Trains, Hovercrafts, And More, Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2019


– Jesse Jackson on horseback, while campaigning in Ely, NV, ahead of the March 14 Nevada caucus, 3/12/2000

“As president, I would make Congress have to retire on Social Security and Medicare. You know that those programs would suddenly become funded and fixed to work right if I did that, or if any President did that!”

– Peter Diamondstone, 3/13/2000

…The clock past midnight forty minutes ago, but it looks like we can only now call Nevada for Senator Richards. The narrowness of this primary, once thought to be a surefire win for Richards, really shows the strength of the Reverend Governor’s Rainbow Coalition, as pro-Jackson Hispanic voters may have outnumbered pro-Clemente Hispanic voters tonight – er, uh, last night. Again, to recap: Senator Ann Richards has clinched the Presidential Democratic Primary in Nevada, with Jesse Jackson outperforming with a close second finish, and Roberto Clemente coming in third. …In a major update, Senator Diamondstone has won a plurality of votes in his home state. However, due to the delegate math, it is likely that he and second-place finisher Paul Wellstone will have an even number of delegates, if not one more delegate than Diamondstone...

– ABC News, 3/15/2000

…Dinger’s second Supreme Court appointment pushed the bench’s composition even further to the center. On March 15, 2000, Dinger surprises analysts by nominating 52-year-old Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Emilio Miller Garza of Texas, after high-profile attorney-at-law/public defender Barry Scheck of California was repeatedly floated to be an “outsider” favorite. Two other major rumored candidates for the nomination had been Dana Sabraw, a 42-year-old half-Japanese Judge of the San Diego County Superior Court who had a moderate-to-conservative judicial record, and – in what was retrospectively a longshot – John Paul Kennedy, a prominent (but 34-year-old) Mormon law expert who twice argued before the Supreme Court as a lawyer before joining the Utah state’s third district court in 1997. Garza was the first very Hispanic/Latino-American to be nominated for a Supreme Court seat…

– Linda Greenhouse and Morton J. Horwitz’s Upholding Liberty: The Supreme Court Under Chief Justice Frank Minis Johnson, Sunrise Publishing, 2019

The HWB Team: The Aberrant Campaign of Harry W. Braun

…the junior US Senator from Arizona has gathered a small but fierce and loyal following of supporters. Compiled mainly of a diverse collection of technology enthusiasts, environmentalists, and elderly peaceniks, these “braunsters” are intrigued by Braun’s hydrogen-based energy proposals, which Braun claims would lower unemployment and replace fossil fuels with a more Earth-friendly global energy source. “He’s totally not a single-issue candidate,” says his campaign’s western states field organizer. “the utilizing of hydrogen product would lower energy costs, freeing up money for taxpayers to spend and thus improve the quality of life overall.” Braun’s middle-tier showing in most polls do little to deter the candidate’s most loyal backers, who believe he will pull of a major upset in the March Cluster despite his eighth-place showing in New Hampshire and his sixth-place finish in Nevada...

Newsweek, mid-March 2000 issue

WEBB SEEN AS BIGGEST LOSER ON LAST NIGHT’S DEBATE IN SAVANNAH: Fumbled on Mary Jane Questions, Repeated Rehearsed Lines Twice

The Augusta Chronicle, Georgia newspaper, 3/16/2000

…March 21 saw GOP and Democratic primaries be held in Georgia and Maryland. Dinger received over 90% in both, while Paul received less than 10% in both. The Democrats, meanwhile, saw a much more contentious race unfold in Georgia, where several candidates fought to win over Black voters. In the end, Jackson won the primary. Congressman Leland, having underperformed in the contest, immediately dropped out to endorse Jackson in a showing a party unity. In Maryland, Jackson edged out Blanchard and others. This made Jackson the winner of two primaries, and Wellstone and Richards the winners of one each, heading into the delegate-rich March Cluster…

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

It always trips me out that America, the most powerful and magnificent nation in the history of the world, whose might was built by immigrants from all over the world, only speaks one language. [6] Now, if I ran for President, I’d be a candidate for a wide variety of language-speakers. People who speak Spanish, people who speak Cuban, people who speak Mexican, people who speak Colombian, the list goes on and on. But right now, I’ve got a lot of work to do for New Mexico, and I’ve got to do it. If we get a brokered convention, I’ll jump in, but right now I’m thinking Jesse Jackson’s the best man for the job. Wellington would be cool, too. But I’d like to say, you know, thank you all, I mean it, to everyone who urged me to jump in, because that means there’s a lot of people out there who not only understand what’s at stake in this election, but also are trying to do something about it. So I’ll all tell you what – the best thing you can do, if you want to do something great this year, is to go help out the Democrats down-ballot. Stand up for immigration workers any way that you can. And do everything that you can to legalize Mary Jane. Or just to New Mexico. Whatever’s easier for you. No sweat, man.”

– Governor Cheech Marin (D/LRU-NM), 3/24/2000

…In an extensive exit poll taken during the Georgia and Maryland primaries, the top 4 issues among Democratic voters were ranked as follows: economy/jobs at 35%, crime rates at 17%, recreadrug use at 15%, racial inequality at 14%, and the war in Colombia at 10%. …These numbers conflict with Governor Blanchard’s talk of a great economy in Michigan, exaggerating their handling of unemployment rise. The numbers also conflict with former Governor Clemente’s anti-war rhetoric...

– Gallup, 3/27/2000

The March 28 “March Cluster” saw the return of “favorite son” voting in many of the 12 contests held that day. In Iowa, Jackson edged out Richards in an upset, while Blanchard won Delaware and Washington, breathing some air into his campaign’s sails. Richards won North Carolina and Virginia, as predicted. In Alabama, Jackson won a plurality of the African-American vote, and won the contest by a hair over Clemente (in second place) and Richards (in third). California, however, was the biggest win of the night; Jackson won the delegate-rich contest by a 7% margin, widening the delegate gap between him and Richards. Despite his best efforts, Wellstone underperformed in the South, and only won the Massachusetts primary. Arizona and Missouri went to the “favorite son” candidates of Braun and Litton, respectively, even though Litton had not officially entered the race. Clemente’s overall underwhelming performance, winning only American Samoa, led to him losing prominent in polls conducted afterward. Bob Ross won the Alaska primary with ease. New York was the final contest to be called, on account of how narrow it was. With 40% of the vote, Jackson won the Empire State, with New York Senator Gabe Kaplan coming in second place with 30%, and Wellstone coming in third. Many pundits credit Bern Sanders, a philanthropic businessman who invested millions into Jackson’s campaign in his home city of NYC, which seriously cut into Kaplan’s strategy for winning the primary.

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019


– Media mogul Bern Sanders congratulates Jesse Jackson on winning the New York Democratic Presidential primary, 3/28/2000

“Maybe it was too many Groucho impressions. In that case, (imitating Groucho Marx) I’ve had a wonderful time, but this wasn’t it. But seriously, we gave it our best, but the voters were more interested in other candidates. But I currently, and everyone who supported my bid should, take comfort in the fact that we raised the call for better education to the national spotlight. I think it’s wonderful that the other candidates are finally talking about how children with good schooling has a massive spillover effect. Place with good schools experience less crime, such as stealing, a.k.a. creative borrowing, and produce greater economic opportunity for the next generations of Americans. To quote Grouchy Marx, ‘Those are my principles, and if you don’t like them, well, I have others.’ For example, the call for financial relief for Mexico, another position many of the other candidates have picked up. Which is good because Mexico’s good citizens are really suffering right now. I mean, times are so rough over there, the cartels don’t even use guns – they just insert the bullets manually!”

– US Senator Gabe Kaplan (D-NY), suspending his campaign and endorsing Governor Wellstone, 4/1/2000 [7]

…As you can see her on the monitor, Richards has narrowly edged out Jackson in the Kentucky primary. This makes for Richards’ sole win of the night, as Jackson coasted to victory in South Carolina, where he is the Governor, and as Roberto Clemente picked up Puerto Rico, where he was the Governor eight years ago. That wraps up all three primaries of the night…

– CNN, 4/4/2000 broadcast


…In last night’s airing of “Saturday Night Live,” guest star Eddie Murphy serenaded the audience with a witty “soul” song calling for “a coalition of perms, weaves, yamukas, fedoras, cowboy hats and hardhats,” while guest star Grand Lee Bush portrayed Wellington Webb, describing the Presidential contender as “the closest think y’all got to a real-life Bass Reeves.” …In the debate sketch, Chris Parnell presented Governor James Blanchard as a monotone and milquetoast contender (“the safe choice is always the most exciting one. Whoo.”). Tim Meadows wonderfully depicted former Governor Cleo Fields, lightheartedly mocking his youth and glasses by dressing up as the character Urkel from Family Matters to complain about his low approval ratings. Cheri Oteri made for a rambunctious Ann Richards, while guest star Bob Newhart exaggerated President Dinger (“I know, uh, lately, that, some people have been saying this, uh, this office was been, uh, tiring me out. I’ve got more wrinkles than a trampled carpet, the bags under my eyes have bags of their own, and I’m only 53. But, uh, hey at least I still look better than Steve Martin.”). The mock debate ended with Chris Kattan playing Ron Paul, dressed as an old-time prospector, crashing the vent:

MODERATOR (played by Ana Gasteyer): “Ron Paul, you’re not in this debate!”

PAUL: “Don’t mind me, I’m just looking for a good place to hide my gold! It’s a good investment, you know!” …

– Variety magazine, episode review, 4/9/2000

…In the first debate held after the March Cluster, Richards stumbled when her voting record on prisons came under fire. In a gaffe meant to be an example of both her honesty and policymaking abilities, Richards said, “To be frank with you, I made a deal, and the deal was that I would help pass the legislation and be for building a lot more prisons in Texas if I could get rehab programs for people who were alcoholics and drug abusers because I knew that over 80 percent of the crime committed in Texas was committed by people under the influence of alcohol or drugs.” [8]

Jackson cut into her time allotment with the retort, “Only for those programs to be scrapped in ’97. But the prisons remain, Ann!”…

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

…In the April 11 collection of primary contests (dubbed an “April Cluster” of contests), Jackson underperformed, winning only the state of Mississippi, while Ann Richards added Tennessee and Kansas to her tally. Blanchard and Wellstone, won their respective home states of Michigan and Minnesota. Within a week, three more candidates – businessman Arthur Simon, Congressman Mike Easley, and Governor Kathleen Brown – had all dropped out of the race, having failed to win any primaries. Additionally, Simon and Easley failed to win a single delegate, while Brown only obtained three delegates from her disappointing showing in the California primary held on March 28…

– Richard Ben Cramer’s What It Takes: Roads to The White House, Sunrise Publications, 2011 edition

“JUSTICE MATTERS!” Why Democrats Are Fighting With Republicans And Each Other On Prison And Recreadrug Reform

…a major topic this year favoring the Democrats is Dinger’s slashing of social welfare programs in 1997 and 1998, after the Second Korean War boosted his approval ratings and before the start of the recession. However, instead of charging the incumbent administration of being irresponsible and unwise in this decision, many Democrats are falling for the GOP trick of changing the subject to the supposedly-successful War on Recreadrugs. A “war” that has American troops combating mafia-type cartels and recreadrug lords in Mexico and Colombia, leading to the deaths of thousands of innocents caught in the crossfires, all for the sake of lowering the amount of drugs entering the country. When Democrats reply to these claims by noting the taxability of legal marijuana, they can come off as uncaring to the ears of suburban and blue-collar voters, believing Democrats think taxes are more important than a child’s safety. But the ironic thing is that Dinger’s social program cuts may be a bigger contributor to juvenile delinquency than illegal narcotics!...

The Washington Post, 4/12/2000 editorial


…According to planetary geologists who have drafted a white paper on the subject, it is possible that the planned 2003 mission to Mars could see the spacecraft travel past Venus on its way back to Earth. “It all depends on when exactly their orbits align; short-distance intervals can last as long as 2 Earth years,” says assistant co-writer of the white paper. “The ship could slingshot past Venus and use its gravity to assist in the return home, dramatically reducing the amount of fuel spent and thus saving NASA millions of dollars!” This last aspect may just be a selling point for the fiscally-conscious Dinger administration. “It’s all about the exact timing,” the co-writer continues, “but if it can work, and NASA approves of a change in their current flight path plans, whatever they may be, the trip would prove our calculations correct – that a Venus flyby would in fact simplify the propulsion calculations for this endeavor,” meaning going to one planet and passing by another can actually be cheaper than just going to one planet... [9]

The Houston Chronicle, 4/15/2000

On the Republican side, Ron Paul not doing well. His primary performances had only waned after New Hampshire, and funding were drying up. He didn’t even make it onto the ballot in half of the contests scheduled for May and June. In a rant made to an embarrassingly near-empty high school annex gym on April 16, Paul complained to the small attendees, “The federal government is not a charity case, nor does it have some magic wand that will fix all your problems for you. If you can’t handle the responsibilities that come with adulthood, then you shouldn’t be entitled to the privileges of adulthood, like operating a thousand-pound piece of machinery called a car, or voting, or owning a home. You need to be able to take care of yourself so you are not a burden, but instead are a responsible and productive member of society.” Most of the attendees left by the end of his rant.

Three days later, Paul once more received under 5% in a round of primary contests. Having enough of the humiliation, and with nothing to show for his efforts except for one delegate from Arizona, Paul bowed out the next day, his campaign dying with not even a whimper, just slight gust of wind.

Meanwhile, the Democratic began thinning again, and in a more prominent way. As his candidacy lopped away more supporters from Jackson than from Richards, and with no clear path forward for his campaign, Governor Wellstone dropped out and endorsed Jesse Jackson. Jackson accepted Wellstone’s subsequent help to win over voters in Florida. With its large Cuban and Jewish retiree communities, Jackson carried the Sunshine State on April 18 with a slight majority of 51%, an overperformance that shocked the Richards and Blanchard campaigns, who underperformed and won 29% and 11%, respectively. Ross, who was born in Florida, received 8% of the vote. In the only other contest held that night, Bob Ross won Hawaii by a plurality.

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019


…a group of scientific researchers, computer software developers and sign language specialists are working with M.I.T. to try and develop a special pair of “e-gloves,” or “SL-gloves.” The concept behind them is that moving the fingertips of the globe will allow its user, a mute person, audially produce the words they are saying with sign language in order for them to speak to those that don’t understand sign language. A computer chip build into the fingers of the glove translate SL into spoken words with a voice box/speaker located at the wrist. While still in its infancy, the expensive project has “enough funding to keep moving forward. Hopefully, it will become readily available, and affordable for mute and audially and verbally impaired people, by the end of the decade if not sooner,” said the head of the project…

Popular Mechanics magazine, April 2000 issue


…Colorado Governor Wellington Webb is trying to revive his underwater candidacy with a shakeup of his campaign staff and a shift to a more informal campaign style, replacing the articulated speeches with descriptions of personal anecdotes. For instance, at an event held in Roanoke, Virginia, last week, Webb tried to show the audience that he related to healthcare concerns by saying “I am six-foot-four and 275 pounds right now, but when I was a child struggling with asthma, I was a skinny, sickly kid. My parents could afford to take me to Arizona and the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota to try to better my breathing, and this one trip to Nogales, Mexico was one of the best times my mother and I shared.” [10].

Putting his robust personality to the center of his campaign, Webb seems to be trying to win over western voters by touting his reputation for being a “Western movie buff.” While visiting the Navajo Nation two weeks ago, Webb described how, when growing up, he liked western movies that “showed Native Americans were intelligent and had principles they were fighting for,” [11] like the James Stewart film “Broken Arrow,” then pivoted to his advocacy for clean water and modern medicine being introduced to Native American reservations via “actual treaties and agreements, not lies.” In his favor, Webb pointed out the fact that two of his children have the Native American names Cochise and Sonseeahray as middle names…

…Additionally, Webb poignantly touched on his relationship with urban renewal: “During my lifetime, I watched the neighborhood change. Both of the drugstores became liquor stores. The donut shops closed. The dime store become a beer joint. The area went from comprising working families to people living on government assistance…The gang issue was part of my first term in 1995. The media tagged it as The Summer of Violence. As Governor, I fought to take the neighborhoods back to where kids, like me as a Cole junior High School student, could feel safe playing in the parks or walking down the street.” [12]

…In arguably his most relatable batch of anecdotes, given two days ago during a stump speech in Wilmington, North Carolina, Webb discussed how he has personally experienced violence. He retold the time in his youth when he was held up while working at a convenience store, recollected a time when a girl he knew was murdered by an unstable boy with whom he sometimes played basketball [13], and pointed out the fact that Webb even has a criminal record (he was arrested for taking the wrap for a girlfriend he had in the early 1960s, who crashed his grandfather’s car into a store window; Webb spent the night in jail and was fined $250 the next day for “careless driving”) [14]

…while polling shows Webb to be hovering at fifth or even sixth place (far from the second-place showing he had when he entered the race last year), suggesting little chance of him having a “breaking out” moment in the upcoming Second April Cluster, this new campaign strategy is creating more media attention. If that if anything to go by, then there very well may be hope for Webb’s campaign yet.

The Gazette, Colorado Springs newspaper, 4/21/2000

…The April 25 primaries were dubbed “April Cluster 2” for simplicity’s sake. These six contests yielded results favorable to Jackson the most. In Louisiana, “favorite son” candidate Cleo Fields, who had failed to become a prominent candidate in the race, barely won his home state over Jackson. Clemente, who had already dropped out, won both the Virgin Islands’ caucus, and his home state of Puerto Rico’s primary. Predictably, Richards carried her home state of Texas. The race in Illinois was tricky, as Jackson won the popular vote, but split the delegates with the second-place finisher, Senator Katie Beatrice Hall; Hall had heavily invested in the Illinois primary in the hopes of it reviving her campaign, but when momentum failed to materialize afterward, Hall dropped out and endorsed Jackson; Fields followed suit a day later. The biggest election of the night, however, was in Ohio, where Jackson once more subverted expectations by winning the Buckeye state’s primary in an upset over Governor Jim Blanchard. With a war chest depleting and fears of splitting the moderate vote with Richards (effectively heading the nomination to Jackson) rising, Blanchard suspended his candidacy on April 28th…

– Richard Ben Cramer’s What It Takes: Roads to The White House, Sunrise Publications, 2011 edition


– Banner spotted at a Jesse Jackson political rally in pro-GOP Scranton, PA, 5/1/2000

TONIGHT’S DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES: Jackson Wins PA, Richards Wins Arkansas; Richardson Bows Out After Upset Home State Loss, Endorses Jackson

– The Birmingham News, Alabama newspaper, 5/2/2000

Dear Elvis,

My sister Elaine was an avid fan of yours, as am I. She traveled across the country following your 1981 comeback tour, and I think attended every single one of your concerts. I last saw you at that Feed Korea concert in New York; you were great as always.

I’m writing to you because my sister died in a car accident last month, and in accordance to her recently-updated will, I have to at least offer to donate her heart to you. Let me explain. Elaine was an organ donor, and somehow found out about your blood type. She was very proud of your blood type matching her. And after hearing about her heart shutting down on you, she insisted that, should anything happen to her, we’d offer you her heart.

Please contact me as soon as you can,


– A fan letter to Elvis Presley, postmarked 5/3/2000

…President Colosio’s efforts to root out government corruption has yanked out another rotted vine. It appears that Manlio Beltrones, a federal deputy of Colossi’s own party who served as Governor of Sonora from 1991 to 1997, has been arrested for accepting bribes to protect recreadrug lord Amado Carrillo, head of the Juarez Cartel, who is wanted by the police for laundering money through war-torn Colombia to pay for his fleet of drug-transporting jets – a level of showboating anti-federal defiance not seen since the Pablo Escobar days…

– XEABC-AM, Mexico City radio station, 5/4/2000 broadcast

LENNON WIN THIRD TERM! Incumbent PM Secures Victory, But In Narrowest Win Yet

…the former Beatle carried the Labour Party to a slim plurality tonight over Nigel Lawson (Conservative), Charles Kennedy (Liberal Democrat), and Rosemary Byrne/Tommy Sheridan (UKIP/Socialist Alliance). Like with Lennon’s victories in 1992 and 1995, the Labour Party has announced it will form a minority government with the LD party. This time, however, the UKIP Party will not be joining them in the coalition government, due to the party’s recent criticisms of Lennon’s tax policies and his pushing off the election until almost five years after the last one, and due to Labour leaders’ “concerns” over the UKIP Party forming an alliance with the Socialist Alliance. This coalition is thus much smaller than it was before – only 4 seats over the minimum needed to make up a majority of seats in Parliament…

The Daily Telegraph, 5/5/2000

SENATE CONFIRMS GARZA FOR VACANT SUPREME COURT SEAT: Texas Judge Will Become First Hispanic Associate Justice

The Washington Post, 5/7/2000

…The May 9 “West Cluster” of five primary contests was very telling for the Richards campaign. The Texan won only one state (Wyoming), while Jackson won Utah, Idaho, and Oklahoma… Wellington Webb won his first Presidential primary, his home state of Colorado; it was also his last Presidential primary win, as, without a path forward, Webb gave up the ghost and endorsed Richards for President less than a week later. The subjectively “late” endorsement was considered appropriate by Colorado’s state media, due to Webb’s infamous tendency to often show up late to meeting and events. Webb even showed up late to a Presidential debate in December 1999, leading to him not wearing makeup or even a tie during the event. The trait was so notable that Webb himself owned up to it in his autobiography: “The only place I needed to improve was in punctuality. (That issue dogged me as an adult. When I was mayor, and when I was Governor, the media used to joke that all press conferences were on ‘Webb Time’ – that usually meant I was running behind fifteen to twenty minutes.)[15]

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

…After the war, Korean-German relations grew to be very strong because the revelations over the extent of the North Korean concentration camps ended up leaving a deep psychological scar on both former Northerners and former Southerners. It was a sense of national shame and self-reflection that the German people could easily relate to…

– Choe Yong-ho’s Bittersweet: Korea After Reunification, Columbia University Press, 2010

…The May 16 primary contests saw Jackson win Wisconsin and Oregon, with Richards coming in second place in each race. After having put all of her chips on victory in either place, Richards bitterly and reluctantly dropped out. This major development left Ross and Diamondstone as the only significant candidates left in the race, and finally let Jackson go from “frontrunner” status to “presumptive nominee” status…

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019


“I can’t in good conscience go along with a party supportive of Jesse Jackson’s wild and dangerous policies. If the Democrats nominate him, the 2000 election will be theirs to lose, and I for one refuse to tie myself to the mast of a sinking ship!”

The Washington Post, 5/17/2000


The Guardian, 18/5/2000, side article

…Five states held contests tonight in a round of Presidential primaries called the Arcadia Cluster. On the Democratic side, Bob Ross won Maine, while presumptive nominee Jesse Jackson won Rhode Island, Connecticut, the North Dakota caucus, and Washington, D.C., with that last content being won with over 95% of the vote there. On the Republican side, Dinger won all five contests with only opposition from minor candidates on three ballots, and unopposed in North Dakota and Maine…

– The Overmyer Network’s Night-Time News, 5/23/2000 broadcast

TWO NATIONS, ONE PEOPLE: The Complexities Of Life In The Two Yemens

…The Yemen Arab Republic, also known as North Yemen or Yemen-Sana’a, lies west of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, a.k.a. South Yemen, or Yemen-Aden… while divided by political structure, their shared border being undefined and unclear, and the homogeny of the Yemen people, has led to these two nations being very close and friendly. Neither government wants to merge with the other, and yet, at the local level, these two countries almost function as one, with citizens being allowed to travel freely between the two, and families and businesses expanding far into each other…

– National Geographic, May 2000 issue

“We’ve come as far as we can. When you hit a wall, you climb it and move on.” Days ahead of the Indiana and West Virginia primaries, Bob sat down with Jesse Jackson to discuss environmental policy and artistry. In the preceding several weeks, Bob had slowly accumulated an impressive number of delegates from primaries that divided delegates proportionally, instead of in the winner-take-all sort. He told Jackson he was going to drop out of the race and endorse him, but wanted confirmation that the policy planks of the Ross campaign would not be ignored.

“Bob, I’ll be honest with you because I like you,” the presumptive nominee said. “You are really something special, Bob. In the debates, when Ann and Blanchard were going after me on prison reform and social justice, saying my ideas went too far or made me unelectable, you always had my back. You were always in my corner. If you want, I can give you a position in my administration.”

Bob replied that he was flattered, but urged Jackson to add a stronger “Green” plank to his campaign ahead of the election. “We can talk more about it after you’ve won,” Bob said gently.

Jackson and he negotiated until that made a “friendly understanding” as Bob called it. On May 28, two days before the Indiana and West Virginia primaries, Ross graciously bowed out of the race, making Jackson the sole candidate left in the race (except for Senator Peter Diamondstone, who failed to get on the ballot in any of the remaining primary contests). On May 30, Jackson won both aforementioned primaries, but Bob still received 2 delegates from each of them, as his candidacy had posthumously received 10% and 15% of the vote in each respective race.

– Kristin G. Congdon, Doug Blandy, and Danny Coeyman’s Happy Clouds, Happy Trees: The Bob Ross Phenomenon, University Press of Mississippi, 2014

…Well, this morning is certainly a good if not early morning for Jesse Jackson, as he won all five Presidential primaries held last night. Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, South Dakota, and Nebraska – Jackson won them all in landslides last night…

– ABC Morning News, 6/7/2000


Popular vote:

Jesse Jackson – 7,115,145 (43.7%)
Ann Richards – 2,539,963 (15.6%)
Paul Wellstone – 1,823,561 (11.2%)
Roberto Clemente – 960,625 (5.9%)
Bob Ross – 830,371 (5.1%)
James Blanchard – 814,089 (5.0%)
Harry W. Braun III – 455,890 (2.8%)
Peter Diamondstone – 341,917 (2.1%)
Wellington Webb – 325,635 (2.0%)
Katie Beatrice Hall – 227,945 (1.4%)
Jerry Litton – 195,381 (1.2%)
Cleo Fields – 179,099 (1.1%)
All other votes – 472,171 (2.9%)
Total popular votes – 16,281,792 (100%)

– [16]


…The Senator presented a reconciling tone in an effort to bury the hatchet and end the bad blood reportedly made between their two campaigns during the primary season…

The Spartanburg Herald-Journal, South Carolina newspaper, 6/10/2000

“Their relationship was much friendlier than the media outlets made it out to be. It really wasn’t that bitter; there were no below-the-belt punches or personal jabs. In fact, in one of the pre-primary debates, when Senator Diamondstone tried to ridicule my Mother for holding a glass of water with two hands, [17], claiming it was a sign that she was too old and weak for the job, Jesse Jackson was the first candidate to admonish him for making such a stupid and childish remark. But friendliness is for fluff pieces, I guess, because the media didn’t focus on what Ma had to say about Jesse Jackson, just that she delayed giving her speech, which was because of scheduling conflicts, not reluctance. In her concession speech, my Mother was sincere when she said, and I quote ‘Jesse Jackson is a leader and a teacher who can open our hearts and open our minds and stir our very souls. And he has taught us that we are as good as our capacity for caring. Caring about the drug problem. Caring about crime. Caring about education. And caring about each other [18].’ She meant that.”

– Cecile Richards, 2012 interview


…the upcoming Republican National Convention is heavily emphasizing one of the nation’s most iconic Republican leaders in the GOP's effort to compare Dinger's re-election bid to The Colonel's own re-election bid back in 1968…


[pic: ]
Above: one of the many posters of Colonel Sanders adorning the walls of the upcoming convention

The Los Angeles Times, 6/17/2000

…For running mate, Jackson considered dozens of national politicians. Outside of fellow 2000 Presidential candidates, several names were floated. Moderates such as Oklahoma Governor Robert S. Kerr III and US Representative Jim Folsom Jr. were floated as potential choices if Jackson meant to appeal to less “change-centric” voters, while Texas Governor Henry Cisneros (who has since recovered from the 1999-2000 Texas budget crisis that prevented him from running for President this year) would double down on his message. One of three prominent US Representatives, Louis C. Weinburg, Howard Wolpe, and Dick Gephardt, would give legislative experience to the ticket, as would a number of US Senators. …Reports that Jackson passed over Richards for the nomination due to bad blood between her and Jackson went unconfirmed, and were subsequently rebuked by most pundits and Richards supporters as the year went by…

– Christine Baker’s The Party of Jackson: How The 2000 Election Changed The Democratic Party, Borders Books, 2011


...the nominee-in-waiting is doubling down on his progressive platform by choosing Minnesota’s own Paul Wellstone, our incumbent Governor and a former Presidential candidate, to be his running mate…

– The St. Paul Pioneer Press, Minnesota newspaper, 6/19/2000

“Jackson pulled together what they’ve called a Rainbow Coalition. It sounds like a labor union for Sesame Street, but it’s actually the uniting of all the ethnic groups in the US – I’m talkin’ Blacks, Browns, Smurfs, Martians, you know – Jackson won the ethnic vote, while Richards solidly won over the ‘Get the f@3k off my property before I shoot you’ vote. Now, the good news is that Jackson will bring out the black vote. And it will, but the bad news is that it will bring out ‘I-don’t-want-his-kind-runnin’-my-country’ vote. Yeah, didn’t think about that. But Jay-Jay did. He thought, ‘How’m I going to win over white people? I know, I’ll pick this Jewish guy over here.’ So now Jesse’s going to bring out the ‘I-don’t-want-his-kind-runnin’-my-reichstag’ vote, too. Uh-oh. Didn’t think that out, either!” [19]

– comedian Chris Rock, 6/21/2000

…I was taken aback by Elaine’s generosity. I still receive hundreds of packages, letters, art and other kinds of fan mail, but I say it was fate that led me to her post-mortem message. God’s mysterious ways, which are no match for postal service workers, was what led to that one fan letter getting to me. Elaine’s mother’s name being the same as my own mother’s name confirmed the presence of divine intervention. I believe the transplant worked for that reason. My family and I were so grateful to that beautiful woman, that my next album was dedicated to her honor. Elaine was released on July 25, 2003, the third anniversary of the transplant. I am so ebullient that the titular song became so well known. They even used it for a time for the intro music for the TV drama series “Drywater” in the early 2010s…

– Elvis Presley’s second autobiography It’s Been All Right, I Guess: My Life So Far Once More, Berkley Books, 2018

“…Dinger gave Korea 30-year loans with the first payment not due for ten years. If we can rebuild Korea and Japan, we can rebuild Chicago and Atlanta and Pittsburgh. We can rebuild America! …Dinger has failed to defend the dignity of America from attacks made by the right-wing assaulters, the naysayers, the defends of the worst of the old ways, the type of people who would prefer it if people like me and my family and my wife and my children had to sit at separate lunch counters again. When the President turns a blind eye and keep their mouth mute to the inequality and injustice of the country over which they preside, then the President does not deserve four more years.”
“…We deserve better than this. We have welfare; now we must fight for jobs and daycare and education. This fight was never about upholding a nanny-state welfare, but about jobs and opportunity, of breathing new air into ideas like the National Initiative, the Federal Aid Dividend, and the Zones of Economic Development. It is a moral imperative to create a job for every American. ...We can change the course, and right the wrongs of the last four years. We can rid ourselves of private prisons and renovate the buildings into reform centers, schools, hospitals, civic centers and museums. We must lift our youth up, not lock them up. We must reclaim our children’s future for them. It is our moral obligation. ...Social Justice, gender equality, racial equality cannot be achieved without the support of the people, and that support begins this November.”
“…We must ensure proper representation for the citizens of Washington, DC. In our nation’s capital, more people live than in five states. They pay more in taxes than ten states, and yet they live in a limbo-like state of congressional occupation. Freedom must ring from our nation’s capital…”
“We must seek a new moral center… How we respond to diversity is a measurement of our character, our strength, and our dedication to the ideals of equality and justice enshrined in the US Constitution and in the Declaration of Independence, two documents that call for the creation of an America that we do not have yet, but certainly can.”
“…Keep the faith, stand with the chicken workers. Keep the faith, stand with the coal miners. Keep the faith, stand with the shipbuilders. Keep the faith, stand with the poor. Keep the faith, stand with the widows and the children and the elderly. Keep the faith, stand tall. Keep the faith, and we will prevail, and we will win and deserve to win! Keep hope alive!” [20]

– Jesse Jackson at the 2000 DNC, 6/28/2000

[1] OTL quote!
[2] A.k.a., the high number of votes he got in the poll
[3] The italicized passages were pulled from this source:
[4] Quote is from OTL!
[5] OTL event from the 1950s (thank @ajm8888 for pointing it out to me, and for his help with the Japan-centric parts):
[6] This is also an OTL quote – at least, according to the following website:
[7] Both Marx lines are from RL, and the stealing and manual bullets jokes are from “Welcome Back, Kotter”
[8] OTL quote!: Ann Richards Discusses Texas, Politics and Humor on Larry King Live, CNN, January 23, 2001
[9] This is an OTL proposal; many pieces, passages, and terms used in this section were pulled from this article here:
[10] The italicized part(s) is/are from his OTL autobiography, page 38
[11] Ibid., page 39
[12] Ibid., page 41
[13] Ibid., page 45
[14] Ibid., page 47
[15] OTL quote, found on page 36 of his autobiography:
[16] The placement/ranking of the candidates is based on their ranking in the poll on August 21st, as their numbers had not moved in 48 hours at that point.
[17] Here’s a (regrettably low-quality) picture of it:

[18] The italicized part is a quote from Ann Richards’ 1988 DNC speech; specifically, starting at the 15:10 mark: youtube: wtIFhiqS_TY
[19] Based on his comedic style and delivery during the opening monologues on The Chris Rock Show in OTL (which is on the air for much longer ITTL, BTW)
[20] Several sections of this series of speech extractions were pulled and edited from here: youtube: Xi2KyaI9GIU

The next chapter’s E.T.A.: Very soon!
Last edited:
Chapter 81: July 2000 – January 2001
Chapter 81: July 2000 – January 2001

“You cannot separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless one has freedom”

– Malcolm X (OTL)

In the Presidential election held on July 2, four candidates sought to succeed incumbent Luis Colosio (PRI), who was constitutionally limited to a single six-year term. The PRI nomination was contested between three former cabinet members. Emilio Chuayfett (b. 1951), Governor of the State of Mexico from 1993 to 1995 and Secretary of the Interior under President Colosio from 1995 to 1999, was an early frontrunner; Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu (b. 1946), Governor of Guerrero from 1987 to 1993, was an underdog candidate; and Esteban Moctezuma (b. 1954), former Senator, and Secretary of Social Development from 1994 to 1999, gathered momentum as the time for nomination neared. After Colosio began “using me [Chuayfett] as a scapegoat” for recent “missteps” in the “war on recreadrugs,” as Chuayfett claimed in a 2007 interview, Moctezuma was nominated with relative ease.

Ahead of the general election, Chuayfett ally Fidel Herrera (b. 1949) left the PRI to run under the Truth and Justice Party banner; he hovered at around 10% in most polls, siphoning most of those votes away from Moctezuma. A week before the election, though, undercover journalist Regina Martinez Perez published the revelation that Herrera had deep financial connections to several recreadrug cartels. Herrera claimed the accusations were conspiratorial in nature and remained in the race.

The elections results gave Moctezuma a clear plurality of votes (42.5%) as Herrera’s support collapsed. Moctezuma won over Mauricio Fernandez (PAN), a Senator from Nuevo Leon who received 38.4%, and Cuauhtemoc Cardenas (PRD), who came in third place with 17.2%. Herrera finished in fourth place with 1.3%... [snip] ...In 2001, Herrera was shot and killed on the orders of a branch of the Juarez Cartel…


A TWO-STATE SOLUTION: Puerto Rico and D.C. For States 51 And 52

…if Puerto Rico’s strategic importance in and military contributions to the Cuban War were not enough for my fellow Puerto Ricans to earn statehood, then perhaps political leverage will. Pairing up the Commonwealth with the District of Columbia could receive bipartisan support, as Puerto Rico has been leaning Republican in recent years thanks to partisan efforts, most visibly by former Secretary of Defense Rocky Versace, to shore up GOP support on the island. Congress, especially a bipartisan one, can easily bring both Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C. into the 50-state fold. The U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to grant statehood but does not establish the process for doing so. Congress is free to determine the conditions of statehood on a case-by-case basis. According to the Constitution, a new state cannot be created by splitting or merging existing states unless both the U.S. Congress and the legislatures of the states involved approve. In most past cases, Congress has required that the people of the territory seeking statehood vote in a free referendum election. [1] Puerto Rico’s most recent referendum demonstrated clearly that Puerto Ricans want to join, and DC residents have been calling for proper representation for decades. Congress has the power to kill two partisan birds with one stone, and make both Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C. America’s 51st and 52nd states, and should do so the very next time Congress is split between Democrats and Republicans…

The Orlando Sentinel, 7/7/2000 op-ed


– Gallup national poll, 7/15/2000

PARTY OF JACKSON: The Reverend-Governor’s Plan To “Renew The American Promise”

– Time Magazine, mid-July 2000 issue

The 2000 NDRR Presidential Election was held in the National Democratic Republic of Russia (Natsional’no-Demokraticheskaya Republika Rossiya) on July 27, 2000. Incumbent President Viktor Chernomyrdin, initially viewed as “strongman” and a shoo-in for re-election, faced intense popular scrutiny for austerity measures taken to combat the Long Recession. As a result, he ultimately declined to seek a second term in the wake of underwater approval ratings. The election subsequently became a mandate on how Russia should proceed going into the new century and a post-recession world.


Candidates (4):

Nina Lobkovskaya, b. 1925 (independent), a member of the National Assembly from Siberia since 1990 and a former Army sniper during WWII, her confirmed 89 kills make her the tenth deadliest female sniper of that war. Retiring after the war to teach at a military school, Nina “The Deadly Grandma” became more politically involved under Premier Kosygin, but declined becoming a member of the Politburo. During the fall of the USSR, Lobkovskaya disagreed with her government’s handling of United Turkestan’s independence movement, and in 2010 confessed to having taught Tajiki women hunting and self-defense skills during a 1983 visit to Dushanbe, Tajikistan. After the war, Lobkovskaya became a critic of President Vlad Volkov. In 2000, she was convinced to run by hawks critical of Chernomyrdin; her campaign focused on her post-USSR activities, especially her overseeing the National Treasury from mid-1995 to late 1997.

Irina Khakamada, b. 1955 (Democratic), a member of the National Assembly since 1993. With Japanese and Armenian heritage, she was a moderate who appealed to several minority groups across the country, and was lauded for her debating skills leading up to the primary round, which raised her standing in the polls considerably.

Vyacheslav Maltsev, b. 1964 (Motherland), a member of the National Assembly from Saratov since 1994. An openly vocal critic of fellow Motherlander Chernomyrdin, Maltsev claimed the nation’s troubles were due to government corruption and a mishandling of the ruble. He favors “direct democracy” and was the favorite to win until his support of government surveillance – in other words, allowing citizens to survey government officials with hidden cameras – caused him to lose donor support.

Sergei Mavrodi, b. 1955 (National), a wealthy businessman from Moscow proper. A half-Greek, half-Ukrainian entrepreneur favoring healthcare expansion and the continuation of Chernomydrin’s space programs via higher taxation on the rich and “utilizing the positive effects of greater international trade,” Mavrodi was implicated in a huge tax fraud scandal, connected to his founding of several tech companies in the mid-1990s, one week ahead of the primary round.



In the July 13 primary round, Maltsev came in first place with 37.1% of the vote, compared to first runner up Lobkovskaya’s 31.3%. Coming in at a close third was Khakamada with 25.9%, followed by Mavrodi with merely 5.7%. Ahead of the runoff held two weeks later, Khakamada endorsed Lobkovskaya, and wealthy donors began backing Lobkovskaya as well. Maltsev accused her of corruption, but in the wake of his controversial opinions, and a poor showing in the July 6 debate, Lobkovskaya defeated him on July 27, and won said election by a margin of 10% to boot.


“The 2000 Republican primaries were a Matterhorn of an uphill climb, even with Dinger being a lot more vulnerable than he was four years ago. But, even though I only received 3 delegates and less than 5% in total, the fact remains that I got my message out there – that Dinger’s interventionism was reckless and irresponsible – and I think I made more people wise up to things. So I think it was worth it.”

– Former US Senator Ron Paul, 7/28/2000 radio interview


–, 7/29/2000 e-article

…While libertarian Republicans held their nose and got behind Dinger/Meredith, the same could not be said for many of the populist Wide-Awakes paramilitary groups that had endorsed Dinger in 1996. With their popularity within the GOP already on the decline due to recent incidents from extreme affiliates tarnishing their image, most Wide-Awakes turned their attention to down-ballot races, financially defending US Congressman Bo Gritz (R-ID) and several Congressional candidates as November neared...

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

“We’ve got to change course!” Larry hollered into the receiver. The President’s inner circle had come to a conclusion that the RNC Chairman refused to recognize. “Support for BLUTAGOism is on the rise, and that rise includes nearly all of the swing states. Hell, even Ohio is trying to legalize BLUTAG marriages! …Yes, and their crazy Governor’s doing nothing to stop it! …Yeah, but if we don’t pivot the party’s policy to this being a state-by-state matter, we’re going to lose independents, in Ohio and elsewhere. …Especially if they’re uninformed! They’ll think we’re the opponents of individual rights instead of the Democrats!”

Dinger rubbed his brow in frustration at the man on the other end of the line. His face was becoming so wrinkly, his hair so grey, and his eyes so tired. The White House staff members who were veterans of previous administrations were right – the President is indeed a 24-hour job.

Finally, Dinger offered the RNC Chairman a bone. “In exchange for discreetly sticking the state-by-state policy into the platform, I will include in my nomination speech, and we’ll prominently display in the platform, this administration’s absolute refusal to back down in the War on Recreadrugs. That we will not make any such similar shift on recreadrugs. That we will not retreat on this. Marijuana is a hell of a lot more dangerous than marriage. Heh. I know a lot of people will beg to differ on that, but, personally, I can’t relate to them.” On this last bit, he flashed me a smile a wink.

I smirked back, and then went back to the Roosevelt Room to continue being a gracious host to the First Lady of Ohio. Naturally, I did not mention to her Larry’s thoughts on her husband.

– Paula Gaffey Dinger’s Starting In Riceville: The Journey of Larry And I, Random House, 2011

…Well, it’s official: Dinger has been re-nominated for the Presidency…

…I noticed the, quote, “peace at any cost,” unquote, language from 1996 was removed, as well as that year’s party platform calling for the, quote, “defense of traditional families,” unquote. This could mean that either the party leaders or the Dinger administration, is, uh, are attempting to shift more to the ideological center, just a bit, and that kind of thing could make for a closer election come November, don’t you think?…

…I think party leadership is distancing themselves away from the Wide-Awakes, not conservative ideology. I spoke to a lot of people when I was leading canvassing efforts for Wellstone in the primaries, and I really think that, even with the removal of the more jingoistic rhetoric used in ’96, I think war fatigue is being seriously overlooked by the GOP this year, and by a lot of pollsters as well. I think that’s going to play a surprising role going forward...

– snippets from ABC News’ roundtable discussion, 8/10/2000

“I’m very proud of the work I did on the Ross campaign, but Jackson better keep to his promise of protecting Mother Earth. If I have to put together rally after rally, or put together protests and picket lines outside the White House like the shoutniks of yesteryear, to keep our government from contributing to Global Climate Disruption, I will, if that’s what I have to do.”

– environmental advocate, actress, and political activist Susan Elizabeth “Suzy” Amis, TON News interview, 8/12/2000

“It looks like Jackson/Wellstone is trying to energize a diverse coalition of Democratic voters, and, you know, it’s reminiscent of the Johnson/Humphrey coalition of 1960, but I don’t think Jackson can pull it off.”

– James Carville, CBS political analyst, 8/14/2000


…while the US looks to Earth’s one neighbor, the Middle East eyes another neighbor…

The Guardian, UK newspaper, 15/8/2000

The RNC weighed more on their strategizing of the vote of “the Minority-American” as autumn approached because of the belief that the African-American vote and the Hispanic-American vote were in play, and that both could or would determine the election. In the President’s pocket was his VP, the maverick Meredith, a Black Republican. While roughly 30% of African-Americans were registered Republicans at the time, many within the Dinger campaign feared that Jackson would siphon away many of these voters. Additionally, Jackson’s “Rainbow Coalition” was successfully amassing a plethora of Hispanic-Americans surrogates, including former Puerto Rico Governor Roberto Clemente, former US Senator from California Mario Obledo, New Mexico Governor Cheech Marin, Texas Governor Henry Cisneros, and many other prominent Hispanic people; this fact made the GOP coordinators and mobilizers focus on the states bordering the Mexican border, as many wealthy GOP donors eyed the populations down there with much old-world agitation. To top it all off, due to the surrogate campaigning of Richards and Cisneros, concern that Texas would “revert” back to the Democrat lane was genuine.

In August, Dinger’s campaign looked into the backgrounds of both Jackson and Wellstone. Doing so for the latter was unexpectedly easy for Dinger’s inner circle – it turned out (and later revealed to the public) that the FBI had been keeping records on Wellstone since as early as his first arrest at a 1964 Cuban War protest [2]. Unfortunately for them, the investigative peruses of old files and reports failed to find anything outside of “socialistic” rhetoric and non-violent protest-centric antics in the 1960s and 1980s.

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

Dinger/Meredith – Full Speed Ahead!

– Unofficial Dinger’00 slogan, first used c. late August 2000


– Gallup national poll, 8/22/2000

Straight From Hell
is a 2000 American independent film. The film’s plot centers around a demon who is banished from Hell for being straight. In the film, which was produced by Scott Lively and written and directed by anti-BLUTAG activists, all gay people go to hell and only straight people go to heaven, meaning that heterosexuality is not allowed in hell; this rule is used as a form of punishment for straight people who sinned and went to hell when they died, and as a general rule for demons, who work 9-to-5 shifts torturing the fallen. The main character, a demon named Johnny Brimstone, is one of hell’s best torturers, but secretly yearns for a heterosexual relationship; when his collection of “Lesbian Hustler” magazine issues are discovered, he is banished from hell and exiled to a human life of Earth. Once there, however, he learns to love “the right way” for the first time.

The film had a limited release on August 25, 2000. The film was criticized for its short running time of 72 minutes (plus 8 minutes of credits) and lackluster special effects. Almost immediately after its release, the film was mocked for unintentionally being pro-BLUTAG, as the main character’s sexual preference does not fit the norm of his society, but he eventually finds friendship, love, and acceptance in a different community (to the detriment of Hell, and its “torture stats” suffer without Johnny). Comments comparing the film’s depiction of hell to life in strictly conservative parts of the US leads to some of the writer of the film becoming unofficially “blacklisted” among conservative and anti-BLUTAG groups.



The Washington Post, 8/27/2000


Jackson’s campaign was quick to condemn a TV ad playing on broadcasting stations across Texas for using a photograph of Jesse Jackson that was edited to make the Democratic party’s Presidential nominee look like he has a different, much darker skin tone.


Above: the original photo (taken in February, left) and how it appears in the TV ad (screen still, right)

Dinger’s campaign press secretary today clarified that, “like the fine print of the ad says, the Wide-Awakes for Dinger Organization is responsible for the content of that ad. The President, the White House and the Republican National Committee are not affiliated with said specific organization. Nevertheless, we can requested that TV stations refuse to air these heinous ads, even if that means they have to return the money the WADO gave them to air them.”…

– The Associated Press, 8/30/2000

“I am an intensely private person. But don’t misunderstand me, I understand and appreciate the magnitude of what my father-in-law’s trying to do here. I knew he was going places and that politics was in the family blood even before I married into it. I went to school with the Governor’s daughter, Santita. We were classmates at the Whitney Young High School. [3] That’s how I was introduced to them, and how I met Junior. I remember Santita was a bit peeved when I started dating her little brother, but what can you do when you make that connection? When you fall for someone, and I go for it, you accept all of that person, the good and the bad. Now, Jesse and his dad may be very public people, but I’m more like Jaqueline and the Governor’s mother – I work better behind cameras than in front of them. But I’m getting better – I’m doing this interview, aren’t I? I think Mother Jacqueline and I are helping each other slowly get more comfortable with limelight. But right now, I still greatly prefer spending my time raising my three children, while Junior, Senior and Jonathan play politics.”

– Michelle Robinson Jackson, 9/1/2000 interview

…On September 2, 2000, the California Supreme Court ruled 6-to-3 that it was illegal for public netsites to allow anonymous users, citing security concerns. The ruling was later cited as an example of the government overreacting to calls for more transparency in industries, and, more prominently, the rise in incidents in the late 1990s of on-tech pestering and serious threats made by anonymous site users, and to the “cyber-terror” films of the 1990s, such as “Lawnmower Man” (1992), “Sneakers” (1993), “Hackers” (1995), and most prominently “Hackers 2” (1998). The ruling was immediately challenged on the grounds on violating the privacy rights of citizens; the operations of companies, businesses, and schools was also on the line. Opponents noted that the technet was primarily a source of exchanged ideas, with the “social contract” being made global despite the ability to maintain anonymity while using it.

Soon after, US Secretary of Energy and Technology Rod Driver proposed the implementation of TechNet ID Cards. “You must scan your ID through some sort of Computer Scanner at front of the computer screen in order to sign into and enter adult sites, and to purchase alcohol on the computer, and things of that sort.” Supporters of Driver’s proposal believed that treating netsites like liquor stores would result in “scumbags” preferring public or private radio or in-person discussions. Supporters even seem to approve of the hypothetical scenario of such members of society growing to oppose the internet (despite it greatly improving the quality of life on earth – especially in Africa, where knowledge of sanitary techniques was drastically improving health conditions each year).

Driver’s proposal was DOA in the realms of technology and commerce. Its implementation would be very costly, let alone the difficulty of its enforcement, and would no doubt lead to even further litigation. As a result of its overall very poor reception, the comments were swept under the metaphorical rug, and the Dinger Administration’s Attorney General and Justice Department resumed focus on the court challenges to the state ruling...

– Joy Lisi Rankin’s Computers: A People’s History of the Information Machine, Westview Press, 2018

…As Dinger continued with his re-election bid, “country” conservative members of the GOP began increasing their “Buy American” rhetoric. House Speaker Emery held them back at the committee level, but the push for the President to take a harder stance against Japan persisted. Senator Chenoweth, for example, was privately critical of Dinger’s approach to Japan being less belligerent than his predecessor, saying on a hot mic “we’ve got to keep them in line,” as in, she opposed the US helping Japan return to the major power they were before entering recession. Dinger, however, believed that Japan could be a more US-friendly power if it received assistance from the US. On this note, both Dinger and Jackson were in agreement. As a result of this, when the theme and issue of being tough on crime at home and abroad was discussed among political circles, it focused more on the reluctance of some members of the GOP to fully back Dinger when it came to Japan’s economic goals. Instead, most of said theme and issue revolved around Mexico and Colombia, where the candidates differed sharply, with the rise of the yakuza in Japan being a less contentious issues – because, again, Jackson and Dinger agreed that the yakuza could not be tolerated any more than mobsters and recreadrug lords…

…Domestically, the main issues of the 2000 general election cycle were how to stop the flow of recreadrugs into the US, the merits of criminal justice reform, the validity of recent calls for Puerto Rican and Washington, DC statehood, how to best lower employment, the merits of the Balanced Budget Amendment, and the topic of immigration…

– Richard Ben Cramer’s What It Takes: Roads to The White House, Sunrise Publications, 2011 edition

“We can’t force people to uphold morals. That’d violate America’s creed of separating church from state. Instead, we, all of us, at the federal, state, county, local, community, and family level, need to teach our children to lead not into temptation, and to not pursue dangerous substances or harmful practices. …Reforming our criminal justice system, which I strongly support, does not mean we have to accept the legalization of heroin, cocaine, fentanyl and other deadly drugs. It means we must find economic sanctions – and effective treatment – for drug users while retaining much tougher punishment for those making money while enriching the drug cartels. [4] If American illegal drug purchases fell radically – even to less than a billion a year – the cartels would collapse because they would not have the money to pay their troops and to support their infrastructure.” [4]

– Gov. Jesse Jackson (D-SC), at a campaign stop in Green Bay, Wisconsin, 9/15/2000


– Gallup national poll, 9/17/2000


By Tom Gordon, News Staff Writer

Former Gov. John Patterson, once one of Alabama's most outspoken segregationists, was one of Jesse Jackson's most outspoken supporters in his corner of Alabama.

"I'm delighted that
he is running, and I want him to do what he said he was going to do when he wins," Patterson said recently from his home in Goldville. "I want to clean that White House out."

approaching 80, Patterson was Alabama's attorney general from 1955 to 1959 and Governor from 1959 to 1963. As attorney general, he led a cleanup of vice-ridden Phoenix City, where his father, Albert, who was the Democratic nominee for attorney general, was murdered in 1954.

As governor, his administration was considered progressive. But in both offices, he was the state's leading defender of segregation and
helped to pave the way for the segregationist policies of Florida Governor and 1964 Presidential candidate C. Farris Byrant.

"When I became governor, there were 14 of us running for governor that time and all 14 of us were outspoken for segregation in the public schools," Patterson said. "And if you had been perceived not to have been strong for that, you would not have won. I regret that, but there was not anything I could do about it but to live with it."

In 1964, Patterson was reluctantly nominated by the segregationist Heritage and Independence Party for Vice President of the United States, after Governor Bryant convinced him to accepted his offer of serve as his running mate. “I instantly regretted that. I knew then and there, before the election was even over, that I had just killed my political career. And I was right.”

Patterson is now hoping the Jackson will improve the national racial problems that he once exploited for political gain. "I voted for whom I thought was the best man to head up our country at this time and ... to turn this thing around," he said. "Something has got to give. If you're going to be the leader of the world, you can't do it by force and threats. We'll lose. We’re already losing in Mexico and Colombia and every country in between."

Jesse Jackson's nomination showed the decline of race as an election issue, particularly among the young, Patterson said. "Of course, there's some anti-racial feeling still out there and we have to cope with that, you know, but it's waning very rapidly," he said. "Of course if he (Jackson) is successful, and God I hope he is, it will put an end to that for good; I’m sure it will.”…

The Birmingham News, Alabama newspaper, 9/21/2000 [7]

The rise of the yakuza in a Japan trying to make an economic recovery complicated international and domestic efforts to stabilize and conditions and restore consumer confidence in legal avenues of revenue and purchasing. The new Prime Minster of Japan heightened anti-corruption measures, and pro-law newspapers began increasing the circulation of stories concerning recreadrug cartels and Japanese banking practices, in a manner not seen since North Korea dominated headlines in the previous several years. “KW2 was like lifting up a rock and seeing all the bugs under it scatter,” said the new Prime Minister in a press meeting held on September 18, in which he explained Japan’s latest efforts to round up gun runners and cocaine pushers running amok in the patches of the North still to be “cleared of debris,” as the new PM put it. “Corruption, the seedy underbellies of societies, they are a part of the human condition, and so can never be permanently snuffed out of existence. But to do nothing is to worsen their suffocating grip on people. It is the responsibility of every responsible citizen to shine light on corrupt ways, in order for all of us to push the scourge of corruption back into the shadows and away from our children, communities and livelihoods!”

– Alec Dubro and David E. Kaplan’s Yakuza: Japan’s Criminal Underworld, University of California Press, 2003


…Moawad, 60, is the wife of politician and unsuccessful presidential candidate Rene Moawad. Elected to her husband’s seat in the national assembly after Moawad’s appointment to a cabinet position in 1989, Moawad bested PM Rafic Hariri, a business tycoon-turned-politician with close connections to both Syria and Saudi Arabia, for the office of President. Upon being sworn in, she will become Lebanon’s first democratically-elected female head-of-state…

The Guardian, side article, 23/9/2000

…And in the American continents, at least 22 American soldiers were killed in Colombia today as Cartel-backed guerillas reconquered a provincial capital, a military defeat that will no doubt be fairy hurtful to American President Larry Dinger’s e-election chances…

– BBC, 9/30/2000 broadcast

CLOSING CEREMONY: Reflections And A Fond Farewell To The 2000 Olympics In Manchester


…Fair autumn weather cooperated with the closing ceremonies today at the XXVII Summer Olympics. Additionally, friendliness and humor from hundreds of thousands of spectators, athletes, sponsors, volunteers, and other participants, highlighted the games’ themes of global goodwill. The night’s events were a “raucous party” that centered on Manchester’s prominent music scene in celebration of medals won, records broken, and bonds formed in the aura of friendly competition…

The Daily Telegraph, UK newspaper, 1/10/2000

In American political jargon an “Autumn Surprise” is a term designated to unforeseen events that tend to shake-up or otherwise effect an election. Typically occurring in either September or October, the event can range from major events such as an economic downturn or a foreign policy crisis, to comparatively minor events such as a personal scandal or campaign gaffe.

The Autumn Surprise of 2000 is considered by most to have been a major event, as the Jackson campaign milked the story for all it was worth.

– Richard Ben Cramer’s What It Takes: Roads to The White House, Sunrise Publications, 2011 edition


…according to an extensive study, between the years of 1989 and 1999, over $8billion dollars was spent by Americans purchasing illegal recreadrugs, with roughly 90% of those dollars going into the pockets of Mexican, Colombian, and international recreadrug cartels, and the rest going to drug pushers and “mules” (transporters) living in the US…

The Washington Post, 10/4/2000 extra


The Baltimore Sun, 10/5/2000

…The revelations over just how much money the US was losing to criminal organizations by keeping marijuana illegal (no less than half of the cartel’s total wholesale earnings) shifted the election’s focus away from the recovering economy and Jackson’s difficulty in winning over white suburban voters to the War on Recreadrugs. Fallout from the revelations included Larry’s polling numbers taking a hit effects. It really took a toll on him. Not just the lost revenue issue, but the weight of the Oval Office. I am still amazed at just how tired and worn out he’d gotten in just five years, developed huge bags under his eyes and his hair going from black to grey. He was still handsome to me, but you can look handsome and still look like a wreck…

– Paula Gaffey Dinger’s Starting In Riceville: The Journey of Larry And I, Random House, 2011


– Gallup national poll, 10/7/2000

…Prior to the October 8th debate, Dinger seemed slightly nervous and anxious, and spent most of his time that morning fretting about minor details concerning official White House policy, versus how to take an amicable approach to his opponent without upsetting the “Country conservatives” in the GOP who hated Jackson vehemently.

Below: President Dinger talking with staff members backstage


In their first of three head-to-head matchups, Jackson pressed the Dinger on multiple domestic policy issues, without reluctance or hesitance. After several weak replies, Dinger began challenging Jackson more assertively:

Dinger: “We as a nation have been through turmoil and heartache again and again, and each time we’ve come back stronger. We are still here because we never give in to fear – we conquer fear. We acknowledge our fears, we confront them, and we defeat them. In the past four years, we’ve improved America’s sense of security, and we will only improve on our security even more if I’m re-elected.”

Jackson: “Dinger, you talk about hard times, but, with all due respect, sir, you have made it harder for Americans nationwide to get through hard times. The social services established under Presidents Lyndon Johnson, Walter Mondale and Carol Bellamy have been stripped of their funds under you. All for the sake of balancing the budget, when any small business owner will tell you that sometimes you have to risk going into the red to go for an investment that you bring you more profit.”

Dinger: “No risk, no reward. That’s what the governor advocates. Well I am not the kind of person who is willing to risk the well-being and livelihoods of the American people by allowing the nation to acquire a debt. Because once we start one, we’ll keep adding to it, because that will be easier than paying it off. This happens too often with people who don’t pay enough attention to their credit cards. A federal government cannot function that way, it never should, and it never has under my administration.”

The meeting of the minds was considered either a draw, or a win for Dinger, pending on whom one asked…

– Richard Ben Cramer’s What It Takes: Roads to The White House, Sunrise Publications, 2011 edition

JACKSON: “What’s driving the production of recreadrugs in Mexico is the millions of lower-class Mexican citizens willing to earn money by joining these criminal organizations because the Mexican government has failed to provide them with the legal means to provide for their families. They need well-paid jobs, legal well-paid jobs. The proportion of the population living in poverty in Mexico has risen 15% in the past four years!”

DINGER: “It is not the American President’s job to care for Mexico.”

JACKSON: “Americans are neighbors and business partners to Mexico. Our economy took a hit because theirs took a hit a while earlier. America’s top class has bounced back, but the Average Joe in America and the Average José in Mexico are still struggling. And we can help both of them out by taking a more collaborative and cooperative approach to Mexico, instead of continuing on with Dinger’s hardline approach, which has been tried out for the past four years and has, if anything, only made the situation worse, and on both sides of the border to boot!”

JACKSON: “Our economic disparity is nowhere near that of other countries.”

DINGER: “Yes, I know – it’s much fairer in other countries.”

JACKSON: “That’s not how I meant it and you know it, Mr. President, you know that.”

JACKSON: “Our government’s budget expenses for poverty alleviation and social development need immediate expansion. If I was President, we’d explore every possible route to make this happen, starting with making sure that America’s wealthiest, the millionaire and billionaire elites, pay their fair share, and cutting out excessive and wasteful spending from the federal budget. Carol Bellamy did so without violating the BBA, and Colonel Sanders, a Republican who cared about the lower classes, did so a balanced budget before the BBA even existed. It’s been done before, and it must be done again!”

– Snippets from the Second Dinger-Jackson Presidential Debate, Tuesday 10/14/2000

…with an election so noteworthy, young people across the country are paying closer attention to politics than usual. …Even prominent musicians are getting in on the campaign fever. Nirvana, for instance, played at a concert for Jackson in Seattle, in an idea thought up and seen through by band member Krist Novoselic. Meanwhile, Elvis has come out as a big supporter of President Dinger…

– Tumbleweed magazine, October 2000 issue


The Houston Chronicle, 10/20/2000

DECISIONE 2000: Wellstone Called Out Meredith For History Of Backing Controversial Figures In Last Night’s VP Debate

– The Duluth News Tribune, Minnesota newspaper, 10/21/2000

“Let me tell y’all what the Cartel Wars, and prohibiting low-harm recreadrugs like marijuana, has led to: reports of human rights abuses in Mexico and Colombia, police militarization in several US cities, poor police-community relations only weakening and leading to a reduced trust in local police, a rise in racial disparities concerning incarceration as well as prison overcrowding, wasted tax dollars and wasted police resources, violence toward officers and overincarceration, failure to give help for those who need it, and an inability to reach out to those in need in the first place. In essence, President Dinger is treating a public health problem as if it is a criminal justice problem, which has led to unsafe communities, and increases in overdoses, homelessness cases, civil asset forfeiture cases, tainted drugs, street gangs, prison gangs, and turf wars, not just in the US, but in Mexico and Colombia also. And it has led to the misuse of government funds better used for bringing back jobs with investments into the workforce and removing the barriers to pain management and rehab centers that addicted people face. Funds better used to lift up the lower classes who at this moment are farther away from the American Dream that ever before. And all because of the poor attempts of this administration to respond to concerns over the amount of dangerous narcotics entering the country. I think we need a change of pace, don’t y’all?”

– Jesse Jackson’s closing statement at the Third Dinger-Jackson Presidential Debate, Saturday 10/25/2000; Jackson is considered to have been the clear winner of this debate

…most polled say that Dinger did not do well in the three debates in overall, with many saying that he generally came off as cold and calculating in the first debate, unenthusiastically answered every question in the second debate, and slipped up massively in the third debate. The third debate saw, conversely, saw Governor Jackson give fiery and passionate statements that resonated well with the audiences…

– ABC News, 10/25/2000 broadcast


The New York Times, 10/26/2000


– Gallup national poll, 10/27/2000


…The south may rise again, but not in the way the original user of that phrase meant it. Minority voters are turning out in full force the southern states, aiming to put Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia into play. All three heavily lean to Dinger/Meredith, but Jackson/Wellstone supporters are hoping to defy the odds…

Time Magazine, late October 2000 issue


The Washington Post, 10/29/2000

“Yes, Dinger has taken a number of hits this year, and the economy is only so-so, but despite all that, I really don’t think Jackson can win. He may lose his home state, he'll definitely lose Pennsylvania, and he might win Wisconsin, but it won't matter, because I think all signs show that he will lose, and most likely in a landslide.”

– James Carville, CBS political analyst, 11/3/2000



"This election was a fluke, it defies the odds and everything. ...Jackson's total upset victory tonight was brought on by, um, uh, low voter turnout on the Republican side, eh, because they were so certain they would win, yeah..."

– James Carville, CBS political analyst, 11/8/2000

…After the 2000 election, CBS fired Carville, though Carville himself claims that he “stepped down from [his] guest spot” in order to spend more time with his family…



– President Larry Dinger on election night 2000

“That election was a real game-changer. It gave us a lot of firsts – first African-American President, first President from South Carolina, first Jewish VP – and it demonstrated years of efforts to unite people from across the lower classes and across the ethnic groups behind a single candidate. I am very proud of the work done in the South, where white and African-American activists worked ferociously to win over voters. Republicans also worked hard to keep those states, especially, Texas and the Deep South, and, yes, they succeeded, but at the cost of losing the suburban regions in the northeast and Midwest, and along the eastern seaboard as well. And while Jackson didn’t win the Southern states, we came very close, impressively close, in many, and the Democratic Party picked up a very large number of congressional seats thanks to the down-ballot candidates riding Jackson’s coattails. And the results out in the American Southwest, they were a mandate on Dinger’s handling of the War on Recreadrugs – those state, their voters, they agreed with Jackson’s statement ‘It is time for a new strategy.’ It was, it really was.”

– Jackson2000 campaign strategist Steve Cobble, 2008 interview

Jackson/Wellstone received 51.01% (or 60,389,581 votes), compared to Dinger/Meredith’s 47.88% (or 56,684,297 votes). 1.11% went to all other candidates. 0.39% (or 461,714 votes) went to the big-tent far-right Patriotic Front “fusion” Ticket (an ad hoc alliance of the minor Country, Morals, Exposure, Defense, Values, and Liberty parties), which had nominated former state senator Don Gorman of New Hampshire for President and publisher Herb Titus of Oregon for Vice President.

Similarly, 0.43% (or 509,071) went to two far-left candidates almost evenly. The Socialist Alliance “fusion” ticket (an alliance of the Socialist Unity, Liberty Union, American Democratic Labor, Progressive Society, Communist Party USA, and other, even smaller, parties) nominated US Senator Peter Diamondstone for President and eco-socialist scholar Joel Kovel of New York for Vice President. Meanwhile, the Green Party nominated the musician known as Jello Biafra of California for President and activist Stephen Gaskin of Tennessee for Vice President.

0.25% went a quixotic “Rainbow Unity” ticket, alternatively named the “Millennium Transcendence” Party on 5 state ballots, and nominated by the Natural Mind party in California. The head of the ticket was actress and activist Shirley MacLaine of California. After former US Congressperson Dottie Lamm and San Miguel County Board of Commissioners member Art Goodtimes, both from Colorado, declined the spot, MacLaine convinced 77-year-old writer Norman Mailer of New York to be her running mate. The ticket received only 295,970. Despite media coverage of her campaign being overall “condescending,” according to MacLaine, and limited ballot access and a lack of being taken seriously by voters, the ticket did very well in New Hampshire, where a surprisingly strong showing led to many analysts fearing she would be a spoiler on election night. As said night continued, some pundits even indirectly accused the ticket of siphoning off votes from either Dinger of Jackson. However, such criticisms ended once the election was called for Jackson even before New Hampshire’s winner was even declared.

All other votes made up the remaining 0.09% (or 47,625 votes). The total number of votes: 118,388,258.

– Stephanie Wayne’s 2000: The Millennium Election, Random House, 2019

United States Senate election results, 2000

Date: November 7, 2000
Seats: 34 of 100
Seats needed for majority: 51
New Senate majority leader: Robert Byrd (D-WV)
New Senate minority leader: Bob Dole (R-KS)
Seats before election: 47 (D), 50 (R), 2 (I), 1 (LU)
Seats after election: 51 (D), 46 (R), 2 (I), 1 (LU)
Seat change: D ^ 4, R v 4, I - 0, LU - 0

Full list:
Arizona: incumbent Harry Braun (D) over Doug Wead (R), Barry Hess (Liberty), William Toel (I), and Vance Hansen (Green)
California: incumbent George Deukmejian (R) over Anna Georges Eshoo (D) and Medea Benjamin (Green)
Connecticut: incumbent Ralph Nader (I) over Richard Blumenthal (D) and Chris Shays (R)
Delaware: Daniel S. Frawley (D) over incumbent William Victor Roth Jr. (R)
Florida: Alexander Penelas (D) over John Thrasher (R); incumbent appointee Rhea Chiles (D) retired
Hawaii: incumbent Patsy Mink (D) over John S. Carroll (R)
Indiana: incumbent Katie Hall (D) over Paul Hager (R)
Maine: incumbent Olympia Snowe (R) over Mark Lawrence (D)
Maryland: incumbent Paul Sarbanes (D) over Paul Rappaport (R)
Massachusetts: Kathleen Hartington Kennedy-Roosevelt (D) over Carla Howell (R); incumbent Eunice Kennedy-Shriver (D) retired
Michigan: Barbara-Rose Collins (D) over incumbent W. Mitt Romney (R) and Matthew Abel (Green)
Minnesota: Hubert Horatio “Skip” Humphrey III (DFL) over Carol Molnau (IRL) and Jim Gibbons (I); incumbent Joan Growe (DFL) retired
Mississippi: incumbent William Webster “Webb” Franklin (R) over Troy Brown (D)
Missouri: incumbent Alan Wheat (D) over Grant Samuel Stauffer (R)
Montana: incumbent Jack Mudd (D) over Rick Hill (R)
Nebraska: incumbent Ted Sorensen (D) over Don Stenberg (R)
Nevada: incumbent Anna Nevenic (D) over Jim Gibbons (R)
New Jersey: incumbent Frank X. McDermott (R) over Jon Corzine (official write-in) (D) and John A. Lynch Jr. (withdrew amid scandal) (D)
New Mexico: incumbent Pedro Jimenez (D) over William T. Redmond (R)
New York: incumbent Gabriel “Gabe” Kaplan (D/Working Families/Progressive/Green) over Rick Lazio (R) and John O. Adefope (Conservative/Life)
North Dakota: Eliot Glassheim (D) over Duane Sand (R); incumbent Arthur Albert Link (D) retired
Ohio: Terry A. Anderson (D) over Frank A. Cremeans (R); incumbent John Glenn (D) retired
Pennsylvania: Paul Kanjorski (D) over Patrick J. Toomey (R); incumbent Darcy Richardson (D) retired
Pennsylvania (special): incumbent appointee Bob Casey Jr. (D) over Philip Sheridan English (R)
Rhode Island: Myrth York (D) over incumbent Claudine Schneider (R)
Tennessee: Bob Clement Jr. (D) over Mae Beavers (R) and Jeff Clarke (I); incumbent appointee Charles V. Brown (D) lost nomination
Texas: Mickey Leland (D) over Joe Barton (R) and Adrian Garcia (La Raza Unida); incumbent Ann Richards (D) retired
Utah: incumbent David D. Marriott (R) over Scott Howell (D)
Vermont: Fred Tuttle (R) over Ed Flanagan (D); incumbent Phil Hoff (D) retired
Virginia: Bobby Scott (D) over incumbent Frank Wolf (R)
Washington: incumbent Jolene Unsoeld (D) over Mike McGavick (R)
West Virginia: incumbent Robert C. Byrd (D) over David T. Gallaher (R)
Wisconsin: Russ Feingold (D) over incumbent Susan Engeleiter (R) and James Powers Moody (I)
Wyoming: incumbent John S. Wold (R) over Mel Logan (D)


United States House of Representatives results, 2000

Date: November 7, 2000
Seats: All 435
Seats needed for majority: 218
New House majority leader: Barbara B. Kennelly (D-CT)
New House minority leader: David F. Emery (R-ME)
Last election: 192 (D), 242 (R), 1 (I)
Seats won: 219 (D), 215 (R), 1 (I)
Seat change: D ^ 27, R v 27, I - 0


United States Governor election results, 2000

Date: November 7, 2000
Number of state gubernatorial elections held: 11
Seats before: 30 (D), 17 (R), 3 (I)
Seats after: 34 (D), 13 (R), 3 (I)
Seat change: D ^ 4, R v 4, I - 0

Full list:
Delaware: Ruth Ann Minner (D) over John Burris (R); incumbent Janet Rzewnicki (R) retired
Indiana: incumbent Steve Goldsmith (R) over Joe Kernan (D)
Missouri: Cynthia Bowers (D) over Jim Talent (R) and Bob Holden (I); incumbent Mel Carnahan (D) retired
Montana: incumbent Denny Rehberg (R) over Mark O’Keefe (D)
New Hampshire: incumbent George Condodemetraky (D) over John Babiarz (R)
North Carolina: Jim Hunt (D) over incumbent James Carson Gardner (R)
North Dakota: Tracy Potter (D) over John Hoeven (R); incumbent Edward Thomas Schafer (R) retired
Utah: Enid Greene (R) over Bill Orton (D); incumbent Jon Huntsman Sr. (R) retired
Vermont: incumbent Howard Dean (D) over Richard Gottlieb (Liberty Union), Ruth Dwyer (R), and Anthony Pollina (Progressive)
Washington: Norm Rice (D) over John Carlson (R); incumbent Ellen Craswell (R) retired
West Virginia: incumbent Cecil Underwood (R) over Denise Giardina (D)


THREE MORE STATES APPROVE OF MARY JANE: NH, VT, And NJ Vote Yes On Recreational Marijuana Ballots

The New York Times, 11/8/2000


The Washington Post, side article, 11/8/2000

…The Acela Express, which was dubbed a “inter-city high-speed tilting maglev train” began operations in 1999; by 2000, it was a highly popular mode of transportation along the eastern seaboard, especially for the cities of Philadelphia, New York City, Washington D.C. and Boston…

– John Wood’s Travel Technology: Maglev Trains, Hovercrafts, And Moore, Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2019

JACKSON CABINET UPDATE: Richards Tapped For State, Gephardt For Labor, Chicago U Prof. Rob Reich For Commerce, Rep. Jim McGovern For Agriculture

–, 12/1/2000



[pic: ]

…the former chief counsel to Joe McCarthy’s anti-communist US Senate investigations in the 1950s passed away yesterday at his home in Greenwich, Connecticut. …Cohn was “unmasked,” also known as being “outed” as a homosexual, in late June of 1969, during the Walter Jenkins Scandal that ended up serving as a watershed event of sort, as the open secrets of DC’s homosexual populace became publicly disclosed in a string of claims and counterclaims. While other figures whose lives were exposed in the scandal suffered from financial, career, and personal setbacks, Cohn escaped criticisms and continued to practice law in New York City, maintaining his fame as a national figure both celebrated and denigrated. During the 1970s, he was a political power broker for New York City’s mayors, and a friend and confidant of the wealthy and influential, with liberal and conservative figures seeking out his legal talents and advice. …Throughout public scrutiny, efforts to bar him from practicing law, and being investigated by the IRS, Cohn maintained a fiery disposition. Even in the final weeks of his life, before passing away from either liver cancer, dementia, or some other ailment – no official cause of death has been disclosed yet – Cohn never lost his energetic intensity or his sharp, dagger-like wit…

The New York Times, 12/8/2000


The Washington Post, 12/15/2000

Top Five Best and Worst Aspects of the Iacocca administration

1 Reviving the Auto Industry – though only a resurgence in the 1990s before resuming its decline, the midwestern US experienced hope and a return of jobs as a strong economy and a national campaign to increase consumer spending drove up demand, albeit until the 1999 recession ended the mini-era

2 Cut Down on Wasteful Spending – confined by the Balanced Budget Amendment, Iacocca worked diligently to run the government more efficiently, like he had previously done for Ford, Chrysler, and Major League Baseball

3 Jumpstarting a New Space Race – after much urging from NASA Director Dale Myers, Iacocca’s iconic 1993 call for a mission to Mars stirred up Apollo Mission nostalgia for older Americans and made younger Americans become more interested in space travel, influencing a new generation of stargazers

4 Went up Against the Federal Reserve and Big Pharma – aiming for higher government transparency, Iacocca fought with congress to audit possibly-corrupt elements of several industries

5 Promoted Healthcare Research, in Life and in Death – Iacocca investing in finding a cure for diabetes has greatly affected the field of medicine, while his assassination spurred research into mental health care and the establishing of mental health laws, as well as sparking a national discussion on gun rights


1 Congressional Gridlock – Iacocca failed to pass every aspect of his 1992 platform as Democrats locked horns with Republicans, and the GOP shook along the fault lines of several factions within the party

2 Excessive Use of Executive Orders – the President disliked the slow pace of Washington D.C. even when there was little partisan bickering, and as such, often resorted to executive orders to get things done in a more pragmatic manner

3 Trade War – picking fights with Japan in such an on-again, off-again manner tarnished American leadership’s image in the region, and may have been a contributing factor in Japan entering recession in 1999

4 Drop In America’s Standing Abroad – Iacocca’s belligerent campaign style rubbed many foreign leaders the wrong way, leading to rather icy relationships with several Heads of State, most notably UK PM John Lennon.

5 The GOP Barely Stood United – Iacocca being politically all over the map kept multiple GOP factions (mainly libertarians, moderate, and conservatives) barely united by all of them backing one man; unfortunately, Iacocca did little to bridge the divide between the factions, contributing to the gridlock on Capitol Hill that peeved Iacocca.

– The President Lee Iacocca National Historic Site website, c. 2025

Top Five Best and Worst Aspects of the Dinger administration


1 Healed Nation In The Wake of Tragedy – the nation was in mourning after the assassination of Lee Iacocca, but Dinger proved to be capable of lifting the nation’s spirit and helping his fellow Americans move on

2 Liberated North Koreans – leading a US-SK military alliance led to the liberation of millions as a mad dictator being removed from power before he could finish building weapons of mass destruction

3 Farm Relief – suicide was the number-one cause of death among American farmers, and the call to end their plight was long overdue; thanks to Dinger’s 1995 relief packages, suicide rates dropped considerably in 1996, though cuts to social programs in 1997 and 1998 did lead to them rising again

4 Diplomatic Leadership – on the world stage, Dinger presented a statesman-like image and was on friendly terms with many world leaders; this was a key factor in the US joining UN efforts to combat CGD and The Long Recession in 1996 and 1999, respectively

5 United the GOP – Dinger worked with libertarians, moderates, and both “Country” conservatives and “Colonel” conservatives to build a united political front, leading to the very productive GOP-majority congress that the US experienced from 1997 to 2001


1 Mishandling of the War of Recreadrugs – between his strong zero-tolerance recreadrug control policy, and focusing on incarceration of low-level individuals instead of on corrupted higher-up orchestrators, Dinger’s inability to curb the flow of illicit narcotics into the United States was seen as a major factor in him losing re-election

2 A Private World Leader – Dinger’s somewhat aloof personality made even his advisors unsure what his personal positions were on political manners, with many questioning if he truly believed what he said and did, or if he kowtowed to the party line for the sake of GOP unity

3 No Exit Strategy For Colombia – America’s longest war went on without end in sight, as Dinger’s initial efforts to bring warring guerillas to the negotiating table quickly gave way to more military-based endeavors

4 Refused To Bail Out Mexico – A fateful decision, Dinger’s refusal to allocate funds for Mexican economic relief in the mid-1990s is often considered to be one of the key reasons behind the economy entering recession less than a year later

5 Cut Social Programs To Balance The Budget – In a move that is defended by some, Dinger slashed several federal relief and assistance programs in order to ensure the federal government complied with the Balanced Budget Amendment of 1990

– The President Larry Miles Dinger National Historic Site website, c. 2021

HOPE IS ALIVE!: New Leadership For The New Millennium

Time Magazine, declaring Jesse Jackson “Person of The Year,” Special Issue, December 2000


…For the first time in Kentucky Fried history, sales in the US of KFC products went down this last fiscal year. A spokesperson for the company claims that the numbers are the result of “the long-term effects of the 1999 recession,” but not all analysts agree. The company barely turned a profit on the domestic level last year, and national studies show that chicken product consumption is on the rise in the US overall. …However, despite this slip at home, the KFC company is actually doing very well overseas.

Fried chicken has the edge over other American fast foods on the international stage in that it doesn’t run up against any serious dietary restrictions, beyond cholesterol reduction; no major world religion forbids the breading and deep frying of poultry. KFC – and, most famously in 1978, the Colonel himself – has taken advantage of this fact, while other U.S. brands such as Chick-Fil-A and Popeye’s, have yet to expand overseas significantly. KFC opened its first restaurant in China in 1975, and now is the largest single franchise in the PRC. KFC is enjoying strong growth in India and Indonesia as well.

Kentucky Fried Chicken is also seeing profits in Asia because of its unique ability to pair an appeal to rural tradition (Kentucky) with an appeal to capitalist modernity. This fact has led to tremendous sales success in both China and Japan, notwithstanding supplier problems in the former that dented product growth. Perhaps KFC should now try to turn around its domestic sales with a resort to the same pitch, one more ambitious than the Colonel being reincarnated as a cartoon version of himself and voiced by Randy Quaid.

The success of KFC and its associated brands in China and Japan has given Finger Lickin’ Good, Inc. the financial heft to lavishly sponsor the Kentucky Derby, as well as other events in Louisville and the greater Bluegrass region. However, with KFC being a public company, their latest figures could very well worry stockholders and investors. Domestic competitors like Chik-fil-A and Popeye’s and even other places are likely syphoning away customers. And with FLG’s CEO, James A. Collins, planning on retiring next year, whoever is their next CEO may will to address the issue of declining domestic sales before it continues to worsen. [5]

The Wall Street Journal, 12/21/2000


…the people reportedly interviewed since November range from prior Presidential candidates to relative unknowns in the President-Elect’s efforts to create an administration of “diversity and expertise,”…due to President Dinger controversially appointing his brother John Dinger to be the White House Chief of Staff in 1997, Governor Jackson has more than once announced that, in order to deflect fears of nepotism, no members of his family will have positions within his administration, “except for the role of First Family, for which they just so happen to be uniquely qualified”…

The Washington Post, 1/7/2001

...On January 18, 2001, a pipe bomb was discovered under a waste receptacle at the National Mall, on the route of then-President-Elect Jesse Jackson’s planned pre-inauguration parade. The areas was cleared and the bomb was defused within two hours of its discovery. After FBI agents viewed security footage and discovered fingerprints on the bomb, an arrest warrant was issued for 21-year-old James G. Cummings of Belfast, Maine [6]. On January 22, Cummings was arrested outside of Torrington, Connecticut. A subsequent raid on his home uncovered bomb ingredients and Nazi paraphernalia in his basement. In late 2001, Cummings was found guilty of attempting to assassinate Jesse Jackson, resisting arrest, and shoplifting, and was sentenced to 20 years in federal prison...


“It says a lot about a growing, maturing, and changing America that so many people of diverse backgrounds, livelihoods, and futures, can come together and set us all on a new and better path. ...This administration will aim to be a conduit for which a more mature and a less toxic America is able to express itself and blossom into the kind of America we all want it to be. But it will not be easy. We always knew that this kind of breakthrough was possible; we didn’t know when, but suddenly it is here, right now. Before us lies a monumental set of tasks. In just four short years, we must readdress our handling or the War on Recredrugs. We must improve the quality of our children’s education. We must invest in America’s working class with a strong Federal Jobs Guarantee program, if not an outright monthly Federal Aid Dividend. We must open the democratic process to everyone, not just the 535 people working on this hill, by passing a National Initiative Amendment and a new Civil Rights bill and a new Voting Rights bill. These are not difficult tasks to accomplish, so long as we stand together, hard work, and have faith. Because faith and hard work is what got us this far. Faith and hard work is what brought us to this place, to this situation, to this moment, to this landmark democratic and peaceful changing of the guard and a clear and obvious and lasting changing of the times.”

– President Jesse Jackson’s 1/20/2001 inauguration speech [8]


Jesse Louis Jackson Sr., the 43rd President of the United States of America

[1] Italicized segments were pulled from here:
[2] The record-keeping bit is OTL, but it was as far back as a 1970 antiwar protests IOTL, at least according to Source 26 on his Wikipedia article!
[3] OTL, according to both of their Wikipedia articles; Santita was even at Michelle’s and Barack’s wedding in OTL!
[4] Italicized parts are from here:
[5] From this OTL article:
[6] A real person who IOTL tried to assassinate Barack Obama in 2009 via setting off a dirty bomb at his inauguration, according to Wikipedia.
[7] Italicized passages pulled from here:
[8] Some sentences were pulled from Jackson’s comments found here:

The next chapter’s E.T.A.: TBD
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