This page provides a reference to the key people of the Kolyma’s Shadow timeline.
Underlined names are Original Characters who do not exist IOTL.
Artyukhin, Yury Petrovich Russian cosmonaut, piloted the first manned suborbital flight of the Orel Raketoplan spaceplane in 1965. First orbital launch on Orel-2, May 1967.
Babanin, Pyotr Soviet cosmonaut. Flew on the Zarya-14 mission to Chasovoy-3.
Barinov, Timur Soviet cosmonaut. Flew on Chasovoy-3 in 1980.
Belyayev, Pavel Ivanovich Russian cosmonaut, first flight on the Zarya-3 2-man mission in 1964.
Bondarenko, Valentin Vasiliyevich Ukrainian cosmonaut, back-up pilot for Zarya-1 and pilot for Zarya-2. The first person to suffer space sickness.
Chelomei, Vladimir Nikolayevich Inventor of the first Soviet pulse-jet engine and developer of early Soviet naval cruise missiles, replaced Sinilshchikov as Chief Designer at OKB-1 in 1958. Continued the R-6 project through to operational acceptance and then masterminded a wide-range plan for the development of Soviet space systems in the 1960s, including the UR-500 heavy rocket and the Raketoplan system of spacecraft.
Dyomin, Lev Stepanovich Russian cosmonaut, flew the Zarya-7 mission, which aborted shortly after liftoff.
Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich Russian cosmonaut, the first man to orbit the Earth on the Zarya-1 mission.
Glushko, Valentin Petrovich Soviet rocket scientist, the pre-eminent developer of liquid rocket engines in the USSR. As Chief Designer of OKB-456, he oversaw development of engines for every major Soviet ICBM and storable-propellant launch vehicle through to the 1960s.
Gorbatko, Viktor Vasilyevich Russian cosmonaut. On 10th September 1964, as part of the Zarya-4 mission, he became the first man to walk in space. Commanded Zarya-6 on an attempted docking mission.
Gostev, Boris Chairman of the Council of Ministers, 1981-.
Izmaylov, Konstantin Soviet cosmonaut. First flight to Chasovoy-2. Commanded Zarya-13 mission to Chasovoy-3.
Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, leader of the USSR, 1953-1965. Deposed in March 1965 in a coup lead by Alexander Shelepin and Leonid Brezhnev.
Kirilenko, Andrei Gennadyevich First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, 1975-1981. Proposed the Khozraschyot reforms. Steped down in 1981 due to poor health, initiating the first ever voluntary transfer of power at the top of the USSR.
Korolev, Sergei Pavlovich Soviet aviation and rocket scientist. Formally chief of the Group for the Study of Reactive Motion (GIRD) and prominent member of the successor Jet Propulsion Research Institute (RNII), Korolev was arrested on 22 June 1938 and sentenced to ten years in the Kolyma Gulag. He was recalled to Moscow at the request of aircraft designer Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev, but died of exposure at Magadan in early 1940 whilst en-route.
Kotova, Lidiya Russian cosmonaut and the first woman in space. Piloted a week-long Orel mission in September 1973.
Kozlov, Frol Romanovich Second Secretary of the Central Committee, 1960-65. An ally of Khrushchev, his death on 14th March 1965 was the trigger for the March Coup.
Kramarov, Dimitri Chairman of the Glavkosmos space agency and Chief Designer of KB-Zarya (formally TsKBSO), 1978-.
Kulik, Pavlo Chief Designer of OKB-586, October 1971-. Formally deputy to Yangel.
Kuznetsova, Tatyana Dmitrievna Russian cosmonaut and champion parachutist. Slated to be the first woman in space, she suffered injuries from toxic fume exposure when the planned Zarya-3 rocket exploded. She eventually died as a result of her injuries in December 1969.
Leonov, Alexei Arkhipovich Russian cosmonaut. Commanded Zarya-3, the first 2-man spaceflight, and Zarya-5, the highest apogee manned flight for the time. Performed the first docking in space on Zarya-8, June 1967.
Malinov, Yuri Soviet cosmonaut. Flew on Chasovoy-3 in 1980.
Mēness, Juris Latvian cosmonaut. Commanded Orel missions and flew on the Safir-2 circumlunar mission.
Mishin, Vasily Pavlovich Soviet rocket scientist, attached to NII-88 until 1957, when he was appointed Chief Designer of OKB-385 (TsKBSO after 1965). An early proponent of non-toxic kerosene-oxygen rockets, he pushed for the adoption of these propellants for space launches and large military rockets. Oversaw development of the first Soviet satellite, ISZ-1, the Sammit photoreconnaissance satellite, and the Zarya manned spacecraft.
Nedelin, Mitrofan Ivanovich Head of the Soviet Strategic Rocket Forces, 1959-1965. A close ally of Ustinov, appointed Chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission in 1965-1968.
Petrov, Viktor Soviet cosmonaut. Commanded Orel missions and the Safir-2 circumlunar mission.
Ramanchuk, Arciom Belorussian cosmonaut. Part of the crew of Chasovoy-3 for the Soviet half of the Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission.
Sakharovsky, Aleksandr Head of the KGB, 1961-1965.
Sarafian, Eduard Soviet cosmonaut. Flew on the Zarya-14 mission to Chasovoy-3, returning in the Zarya-13 capsule.
Semichastny, Vladimir Yefimovich Head of the KGB, 1965-.
Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kazakh-born cosmonaut, piloted the world's first orbital flight of a spaceplane, and Orel Raketoplan, in 1966.
Shelepin, Alexander Nikolayevich First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1965-1974. Former head of the KGB (1958-61), came to power in the March 1965 coup that saw the roles of First Secretary and Chairman of the Council of Ministers split, creating a nominally collective leadership for the USSR. Died of a heart attack in suspicious circumstances.
Sinilshchikov, Yevgeny Vasilyevich Artillery expert and rocket scientist, appointed Chief Designer of NII-88 in May 1946 and made responsible for the development of Soviet ballistic missile technology. As Chief Designer of OKB-1 he oversaw development of the R-6 “Shesterka”, the Soviet Union’s first ICBM. After a series of early test failures, Sinilshchikov was removed from his post and replaced by Vladimir Chelomei.
Suvorov, Boris Head of the Military-Industrial Commission, 1968-.
Teplov, Maxim First Secretary of the CPSU and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, 1981-. Chairman of the Council of Ministers in the 1970s. Kept the Soviet government running during the interregnum following Shelepin's death.
Tikhonravov, Mikhail Klavdievich Spacecraft engineer at OKB-385, he was the lead designer for the ISZ satellites and the Sammit spy satellite. Died in 1974.
Tokarev, Boris Antonovich Russian cosmonaut, flew the Zarya-5 mission with Leonov. Commanded Chasovoy-3 for the Soviet half of the Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission.
Ustinov, Dmitriy Feodorovich Former Minister of Armaments under Stalin, later Minister of the Defence Industry and member of the Council of Ministers and the Central Committee of the CPSU under Khrushchev. Ustinov was an early supporter of Soviet rocket development and was assigned full authority over the programme in 1946. Ustinov supported the March Coup and was appointed Chairman of the Supreme Council of the National Economy in 1965.
Vega the Dog The first animal in space, launched on ISZ-4, 23rd April 1960. Died on re-entry after three orbits, but this fact was covered up and a doppelganger substituted at official events.
Vernov, Sergei Nikolaevich Soviet physicist, lead scientist for the ISZ-1 satellite and discoverer of the Vernov Radiation Belts in 1959.
Yangel, Mikhail Kuzmich Soviet rocket scientist, long publicly considered to be the Father of Soviet Cosmonautics. Appointed Head of Guidance at NII-88 in 1950 before becoming Director of OKB-1 in 1952. An early proponent of the use of storable propellants in military missiles, Yangel was made Chief Designer of OKB-586 in 1953 and went on to oversee development of the R-12 IRBM, R-16 ICBM and R-200 launch vehicle. Named a Candidate Member of the Central Committee in 1967. Yangel died of a heart attack on 3rd October 1971 and was buried in the Kremlin Wall.
Yelagin, Lev Armenian cosmonaut. Set a space duration record of 63 days aboard Chasovoy-3.
Zaikin, Dmitri Alekseyevich Russian cosmonaut, commanded the Zarya-4 mission.
Armstrong, Neil USAF astronaut, piloted Mercury-6, the “target” for a joint mission with mercury-7. Piloted the first suborbital and orbital flights for Dynasoar.
Baker, Joby Actor, played the character of Deputy Joss Tyler on “The Far Frontier”.
Boone, Douglas USAF astronaut on the Dynasoar programme. First flight DS-9. Commanded Columbia-10, the last Columbia circumlunar mission.
Boone, Nancy Wife of astronaut Doug Boone.
Brooke, Dominic Science Advisor to President Muskie, 1969-.
Bundy, William US Secretary of State, 1977-.
Church, Frank F. President of the United States, 1981-.
Cortright, Edgar NACAA Chairman, 1973-.
Cosby, Bill Actor and comedian, played the character of alien guide Ruk on “The Far Frontier”.
Crews, Albert USAF astronaut, first flight Mercury-5. Commanded the Columbia-4 Earth-orbit test flight, Columbia-7 circumlunar mission, and the US half of the DS-34 Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission.
Damon, Stuart American actor. Starred in the title role of “The Adventures of Perry Rhodan!”.
Dana, Bill USAF astronaut, piloted the first atmospheric drop-test for Dynasoar in 1963.
Delao, Frank USAF astronaut, first flight on the DS-34 Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission.
Dozier, William American film and television producer and actor. In 1971 he produced “The Adventures of Perry Rhodan!” for television.
Eisenhower, Dwight D. 34th President of the United States, 1953-1961.
Evans, Daniel J. Vice-president of the United States of America, 1977-1981. Republican presidential candidate 1980.
Faget, Maxime A. Aerospace engineer at NACA (later NACAA), part of the design team on the X-15. Later lead designer for NACA on Project Mercury.
Gentry, Lee USAF astronaut, commanded DS-24/Starlab-3.
Gibney, Sara Intern at the White House in 1980. Revealed to have had an affair with President Rockefeller.
Gilruth, Robert NACAA Chairman, c.1969.
Hanson, Larry USAF astronaut, first flight DS-9.
Humphrey, Hubert H. United States Senator, Democratic Party. He was the Democratic candidate for the 1964 Presidential election, which he lost to Nixon.
Hunter, Jeffrey Actor, played the character of Marshal John Winter on “The Far Frontier”. Left the show at the end of season 4 following disagreements with show creator Gene Roddenberry.
Johnson, Lyndon B. United States Senate Majority Leader, 1955-.
Jones, Gary USAF astronaut, first flight on DS-16. The first African-American in space. Pilot on the Columbia-3 Earth-orbit test flight and Columbia-6 circumlunar mission.
Judge, Roy NESSA Administrator in 1980.
_Kaminski, John_ Geologist and pilot, a leading scientist on NESSA’s Lunar Surveyor mission. Civilian astronaut on the Columbia programme, piloted the Columbia-4 Earth-orbit test flight. Flew on the Columbia-7 circumlunar mission.
Karski, Edward USAF astronaut, first flight on DS-8. Killed in a ground accident.
Karski, Robert Son of astronaut Edward Karski.
Karski, Sara Wife of astronaut Edward Karski. Following the death of her husband, she became a prominent protester against the militarisation of space.
Kennedy, John F. United States Senator from Massachusetts, 1953-1960. Democratic candidate for the Presidency in 1960, he was defeated by Nixon. Later appointed Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland.
Kennedy, Robert F. US Secretary of State, 1969-73. Before that he served as the Senator from Massachusetts, 1960-1968. Ran to be the Democratic Presidential nominee in 1968, but stepped down in exchange for a promise of a cabinet post under Muskie. Won the Democratic Party presidential nomination in 1976, but lost the election to Rockefeller.
Knight, Pete USAF astronaut, piloted the first supersonic flight for Dynasoar. Commanded the DS-8 mission.
Kubrick, Stanley Film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, and editor. He considered producing a film about nuclear war, but cancelled production when he learned of Lumet's more advanced plans for a movie with a similar theme. In 1968 he co-wrote and directed “Space Odyssey”, widely acclaimed as the first serious space movie.
Lippmann, Eugene American scientist-astronaut on the Columbia-10, the last Columbia circumlunar mission.
Lucas, George Film director, producer and screenwriter. Prominent movies include “American Graffiti” and “The Clan Wars”. Credited for starting the late-70s fantasy boom.
Lumet, Sidney Film director, producer and screenwriter. Hits include “Fail-Safe” in 1963, an ultra-realistic techno-thriller highlighting the dangers of the “Balance of Terror” between the two superpowers.
Medaris, John Bruce Major-General in charge of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency in 1959.
Merricks, Dave USAF astronaut, flew the DS-4 Dynasoar suborbital skip-glide test flight. Commanded the Columbia-3 Earth-orbit test flight and Columbia-6 circumlunar mission.
McEnnis, Paul USAF astronaut, flew on the DS-8 mission. Made the first US space walk, 6th October 1967.
McGovern, George S. Vice President of the United States, 1969-77. Stood for the Democratic Party presidential nomination in 1976.
Muskie, Edmund S. President of the United States, 1969-1977. In his 1970 State of the Union address, Muskie pledged to send American astronauts around the Moon by 1976.
Nixon, Richard M. 35th President of the United States, 1961-1969. Formerly Vice President under Eisenhower.
Pal, George Hungarian-born American film producer. Hits include “When Worlds Collide”, “The War of the Worlds”, “The Time Machine” and “After Worlds Collide”.
Perini, Alberto “Al” USAF astronaut, first flight Mercury-3. Piloted Mercury-7 as the “interceptor” on a joint mission with Mercury-6.
Proxmire, Edward William US Senator from Wisconsin, 1957-. An vocal opponent of wasteful spending and pork-barrel politics, he ran to be the Democratic presidential candidate in 1980, before withdrawing and backing Frank Church.
Quinn, Martin USAF astronaut, first flight Starlab-2. Pilot on the DS-34 Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission.
Reagan, Ronald Actor and politician, Senator for California in 1980. Ran to be the Republican presidential candidate in 1980, but beaten by Vice President Evans.
Roddenberry, Gene Television screenwriter and producer. Hits include police show “Night Stick”, Western “Pike's Hunt”, and science-fiction show “The Far Frontier”.
Rockefeller, Nelson 37th President of the United States of America, 1977-1981. Previously Governor of New York, had stood unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination in 1960, 1968 and 1972. Didn't seek re-election, following revelations of infidelity.
Roesen, Paul Corporal in the US Army, deployed to West Berlin as a reported for “Stars and Stripes”. In 1965, following his discharge, he went to work for Gold Key comics and was instrumental in the creation of “Star Captain Rhodan”, a US adaptation of the German “Perry Rhodan” magazine.
Schriever, Bernard USAF General, in 1964 commanding officer of Air Force Systems Command.
Smith, Bill Nuclear worker at the Oyster Creek power station. Died during the evacuation of the plant in 1975, the only casualty of the accident. Survived by his pregnant wife.
Spiegle, Dan Comic book and cartoon artist, lead artist of “Star Captain Rhodan” upon its release in 1965.
von Braun, Wernher Former German rocket scientist, moved to the US under Operation Paperclip after the war. Headed the Army Ballistic Missile Agency’s rocket design team until 1959, responsible for development of the Redstone/Jupiter missile and the derivative Juno launch vehicle. Left the ABMA in 1959 to become Chief Engineer at Chrysler Space Division. Returned to Government service in 1961 as Director of the Space Systems Office at the Defense Research Agency, with special authority over launcher development. By 1971 he was facing increasing political pressure over his Nazi past, culminating with his forced retirement from the DRA in 1974.
Walker, Joseph “Joe” US astronaut, the first American to orbit the Earth on Mercury-2.
Wallace, George Governor of Alabama, 1963-. He ran for President in 1964 on the “American Democratic Party” ticket, losing to Nixon.
White, Robert “Bob” USAF astronaut, first flight Mercury-4.
Williamson, Al Cartoonist, comic book artist and illustrator specializing in adventure, Western and science-fiction/fantasy. Career highlights include work on “Flash Gordon” and “Star Captain Rhodan”.
Wilson, George Illustrator, provided many of the painted cover artworks for “Star Captain Rhodan”.
Wood, James W. USAF astronaut, the “First Man in Space”, launched on the suborbital MA-6 “Mercury-1” mission in the capsule Spirit of Freedom.
Adenauer, Konrad Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, BRD) 1949-1964. Forced to resign after publicly supporting Franz Josef Strauss in the Arrow scandal, during which time he leaned heavily on the press to avoid negative reporting.
Bayldon, Geoffrey British actor. Starred as The Doctor in the BBC TV show “Doctor Who” for all six series.
Brandt, Willy Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, BRD) 1965-. Mayor of West Berlin during the Berlin Crisis.
Branson, Richard British entrepreneur. In 1985 contacted Lutz Kayser to investigate development of an ultra-low-cost rocket and suborbital crew capsule.
Butler, Richard Austen “Rab” Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1963-1964 and 1968-.
Castro, Fidel Prime Minister of Cuba 1956-. In 1963 he broke with Moscow and aligned Cuba with the People's Republic of China.
Clarke, Arthur C. British science fiction author. Co-wrote the movie “Space Odyssey”. Later published a short story in “Playboy” magazine spoofing conspiracy theories that “Space Odyssey” had in fact been filmed on a secret Nazi moon base. Wrote the novel “Venus Odyssey” as a sequel to “Space Odyssey” in the 1970s, but this was never filmed.
Cour-Palais, Burton “Burt” Canadian structural engineer and scientist. Worked for Avro Canada on the Arrow project before emigrating to the US in the late 1960s, becoming a leading expert in space debris. The term “CP Event” to describe a chain reaction of satellite destruction was coined in reference to his work.
de Gaulle, Charles President of the French Republic, 1959-. In 1963 he vetoed Great Britain’s application to join the European Economic Community.
Diefenbaker, John Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada, 1957-.
Ernsting, Walter German science fiction and fantasy author, co-creator of “Perry Rhodan”.
Franke, Egon Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, BRD) in 1975.
Gouni, Maurice Director General of the European Space Launch Agency in 1975.
Gröttrup, Helmut German rocket scientists, a former member of von Braun's V-2 team, who worked with the Soviets after the war. He was removed to the USSR in 1946 and repatriated to East Germany in 1953.
Hartmann, Klaus Pilot in the Air Force of the German Democratic Republic. In October 1979 became the first non-US, non-Soviet space traveller as a Glavkosmos guest cosmonaut on Zarya-16/Chasovoy-3.
Kayser, Lutz German engineer on the Europa project. Went on to found Orbital Transport and Rockets (OTR) in the United States in 1971. Pioneered the concept of simple, low-cost mass-produced rocket stages.
Krone, Heinrich Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, BRD) 1964-1965. Minister Without Portfolio under Adenauer, 1961-1964.
MacArthur, John Flight Lieutenant in the RAF, assigned in 1958 to fly U-2 missions on behalf of the British government in collaboration with the CIA. Shot down and killed over the Urals by an S-75 battery on 12th January, 1960. This ended U-2 overflights of the USSR.
Macmillan, Harold Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1957-1963. Personally authorised the mission on which Flt. Lt. MacArthur was killed. Authorised UK involvement in Vietnam. Resigned from office in December 1963 due to health problems.
Nation, Terry British TV writer and showrunner. Wrote on “Doctor Who” in the 1960s before creating “Blake's Quest” in the 1970s.
Ranković, Aleksandar President of Yugoslavia, 1969-. Backed by Moscow to succeed Tito following the 1969 coup.
Scheer, Karl Herbert German science fiction writer, co-creator of “Perry Rhodan”.
Sindermann, Horst General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), leader of the German Democratic Republic (DDR), 1974-. Initiated economic contacts with West Germany in 1975.
Stanfield, Robert Prime Minister of Canada, early 1970s-.
Strauss, Franz-Josef Minister of Defence of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany, BRD) 1956-, and chairman of the Christian Social Union. Accused of accepting bribes to influence government policy on a number of occasions. Finally forced to resign from government in May 1964 following formal charges in relation to the Arrow and Starfighter contracts. Convicted in June 1965 and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment.
Thatcher, Margaret UK Secretary of State for Science and Technology, 1968-. Represented Britain at ministerial meetings of the European Launcher Development Organisation (ELDO) and its successor European Space Launch Agency (ESLA).
Tito, Josip Broz President of Yugoslavia, 1953-1969. Deposed in a Moscow-sponsored coup which saw Yugoslavia move away from Beijing and join the Warsaw Pact.
Tripalo, Miko Head of the Croatian Communist Party in the early 1970s. One of the leading members of the Slovenian-Croat declaration of succession in 1974.
Ulbricht, Walter General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), leader of the German Democratic Republic (DDR), 1950-1974. Ordered the construction of the Dividing Line in Berlin, precipitating the Berlin Crisis, in January 1961.
Wilson, Harold Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1964-1968. First became Prime Minister in a minority Labour government following the General Election of October 1964, before going on to win a majority in May 1965.
Winters, Robert Prime Minister of Canada, 1967-. A member of the Liberal party, Winters was forced to deal with the start of serious terrorist activity from the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ).