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timelines:kolyma_launches

Launch Log

This page provides a reference to the key space launches of the Kolyma’s Shadow timeline. Please note, not all launches are included, only those mentioned directly in the timeline.

Date (dd-mm-yyyy) Nation Launcher Payload OrbitNotes
18-06-1958USA Vanguard Vanguard-1 650km x 3800km, 34deg The world’s first artificial satellite.
18-12-1958 USA Vanguard Vanguard-2 First experiment in monitoring weather from space.
19-01-1959 USSR R-6 “Shesterka” ISZ-1 185km x 1768km First Soviet satellite. Discovered the Vernov Radiation Belts.
15-04-1959 USA Juno Explorer-1 350km x 1600km, 52deg Discovered the Van Allen Anomaly in the Vernov Belts.
??-09-1959 USA Atlas-Agena Discoverer-1 180km x 990km, polar Experimental spy satellite, failed on-orbit.
??-11-1959 USA Atlas-Agena Discoverer-2 Experimental spy satellite, successful.
23-04-1960 USSR R-6 “Shesterka” ISZ-4 Carried Vega the dog, the first animal in space.
??-02-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer N/A Attempted Moon probe, failed on launch.
??-04-1961 USSR R-6A “Luna” Luna LEO Attempted Moon probe, stranded in Earth orbit.
??-05-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-1 Highly-elliptical Earth orbit Attempted Moon probe, stranded in Earth orbit.
??-05-1961 USSR R-6A “Luna” Luna N/A Attempted Moon probe, failed on launch.
??-05-1961 USSR R-6A “Luna” Luna-1 (re-named Kosmos) N/A Attempted Moon probe, missed the Moon by 100 000 km and failed after 4 days.
??-05-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Iris-1 700 km circular, 50 deg Weather satellite.
??-??-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-2 Heliocentric orbit Attempted Moon probe, missed the Moon.
??-09-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Iris-2 Weather satellite.
??-10-1961 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-3 Heliocentric orbit Moon flyby probe, took the first pictures of the farside 26/10/61.
??-11-1961 USSR R-6A “Luna” Luna-1 Heliocentric orbit Moon flyby probe, made the first measurements of the solar wind from interplanetary space.
??-02-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Iris-3 Weather satellite.
??-02-1962 USSR R-6A “Luna” Luna-2 Heliocentric orbit Attempted lunar impactor, missed the Moon.
??-02-1962 USSR R-6 “Shesterka” Zarya SA Suborbital Carried Baikal the dog, killed on impact when the Zarya SA failed to separate.
??-03-1962 USSR R-6 “Shesterka” Zarya SA Suborbital Carried Vezuchiy the dog.
??-05-1962 USA Redstone Mercury MR-5 Suborbital Carried Bucky the Rhesus monkey to a maximum altitude of 200 km.
??-07-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-4 Heliocentric orbit Attempted lunar impactor, missed the Moon. Returned photo of Earth from lunar distances.
??-08-1962 USA Atlas-D Mercury MA-4 Suborbital Carried Ham the Chimp.
??-08-1962 USSR R-6A “Luna” Zarya LEO Launched 1 week after Mercury MA-4. Carried Vezuchiy the dog, first successful return of a living creature from orbit.
??-09-1962 USA Atlas-D Mercury MA-5 LEO Carried Mary-Ann the Chimp. First US return of a living creature from orbit.
14-09-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-5 Moon First successful lunar impactor.
12-10-1962 USA Redstone Mercury-1 “Spirit of Freedom” Suborbital Carried James Wood, first man in space.
30-10-1962 USSR R-6A “Luna” Zarya-1 180 x 330 km Carried Yuri Gagarin, first man to orbit the Earth.
??-11-1962 USA Atlas-D Mercury MA-6 LEO Astro-Chimp orbital mission
??-11-1962 USA Atlas-D Mercury MA-7 LEO Astro-Chimp orbital mission
08-12-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-1 Heliocentric orbit Attempted Mars probe. Contact lost after 4 months.
11-12-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-2 Heliocentric orbit Attempted Mars probe. Contact lost after passage through the Vernov Belts.
12-12-1962 USA Atlas-D Mercury-2 “Columbia” LEO Joe Walker became the first American to orbit the Earth
??-02-1963 USSR R-6A “Luna” Zarya-2 LEO Valentin Bondarenko becomes the first person to suffer space sickness.
??-03-1963 USSR M-1 bis “Signal” Experimental communications satellite LEO First orbital flight of Mishin's all-kerolox M-1.
14-09-1962 USA Atlas-Agena Pioneer-6 Lunar orbit First man-made object to orbit another celestial body.
05-04-1963 USA Atlas-D Mercury-3 “Liberty” LEO Al Perini is pilot
??-08-1963 USA Atlas-D Mercury-4 LEO Robert “Bob” White is pilot. Mission aborted early due to on-orbit instrument failure.
??-11-1963 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Kosmos-27 300km circular Unmanned test flight of the Zarya-B spacecraft.
??-12-1963 USA Atlas-D Mercury-5 LEO Albert Crews beats the Zarya-2 duration record, staying up for 7 hours.
??-02-1964 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-3 Heliocentric orbit Venus flyby probe. The first successful planetary flyby.
??-02-1964 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-4 Heliocentric orbit Venus flyby probe.
10-03-1964 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-3 220km x 330km First multi-crew spaceflight, piloted by Aleksei Leonov and Pavel Belyayev. Spent over a day on-orbit, taking the spaceflight duration record from Mercury-5.
10-09-1964 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-4 245km x 350km Piloted by Dimitry Zaikin and Viktor Gorbatko. Gorbatko performed the world's first space walk.
15-09-1964 USA Atlas-D Mercury-6 “Orville” 220km x 197km, 31.4 deg Neil Armstrong piloted the target vehicle for Mercury-7 to intercept.
15-09-1964 USA Atlas-D Mercury-7 “Wilbur” 220km x 201km, 31.6 deg Al Perini piloted the interceptor vehicle, passing within 2.2 km of Mercury-6.
??-10-1964 USSR R-6A “Luna” Mars-2 Heliocentric orbit Mars flyby probe. The first successful Mars flyby.
??-11-1964 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-5 Heliocentric orbit Mars flyby probe.
??-11-1964 USA Atlas-Agena Mariner-6 Heliocentric orbit Mars flyby probe.
??-03-1965 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-5 200km x 2000km Piloted by Alexei Leonov and Boris Tokarev
28-07-1965 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Mars-3 Mars orbit Mars orbiter. The first man-made object to orbit another planet.
03-09-1965 USSR R-200 “Kosmos” Orel suborbital First manned flight of the Orel Raketoplan, piloted by Yury Artyukhin. Landed unpowered at Dzemgi air force base after the jet engine failed to start.
??-01-1966 USSR M-1 bis “Signal” Kosmos-44 LEO Unmanned target vehicle for Zarya-6.
??-01-1966 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-6 LEO Attempted docking with Kosmos-44, piloted by Viktor Gorbatko.
??-04-1966 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-7 N/A Piloted by Lev Dyomin, the mission aborted due to a 1st stage failure of the M-1.
07-05-1966 USA Minerva-10 DS-3 “Aura” suborbital, 200km apogee The first manned flight for Minerva and first manned suborbital flight of Dynasoar, piloted by Neil Armstrong.
??-07-1966 USA Minerva-10 DS-4 “Aura” suborbital Transatlantic skip-glide test of Dynasoar, piloted by Dave Merricks.
??-07-1966 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Orel LEO First manned orbital flight of the Orel Raketoplan, piloted by Vladimir Shatalov.
??-08-1966 USA Minerva-10 DS-5 “Rhene” suborbital First suborbital test flight of glider “Rhene”, piloted by Pete Knight.
10-11-1966 USA Minerva-22 DS-6 “Aura” LEO First orbital flight of Dynasoar, piloted by Neil Armstrong.
??-12-1966 USA Atlas-Centaur Pathfinder-1 Mars flyby JPL probe originally designed for the Air Force.
??-02-1967 USA Minerva-22 DS-7 “Rhene” 250 x 500km polar Piloted by Bob White. First manned launch from Vandenberg. First synergistic plane change.
??-05-1967 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Orel LEO Piloted by Yury Artyukhin.
??-05-1967 USSR ?? Venera-2 Venus flyby
??-05-1967 USSR ?? Venera-3 Venus flyby Dropped a sub-probe into Venus' atmosphere.
??-05-1967 USA Atlas Tempest-1 “Mid-Morning” sun-synchronous NESSA's first weather satellite.
??-06-1967 USSR M-1 bis “Signal” Kosmos-52 LEO Unmanned target vehicle for Zarya-8.
??-06-1967 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-8 LEO First successful space docking, with Kosmos-52, piloted by Alexei Leonov.
02-10-1967 USA Minerva-22 DS-8 “Athena” LEO polar Commanded by Pete Knight, with pilots Paul McEnnis and Edward Karski. McEnnis makes the first US space walk.
??-04-1968 USA Minerva-22 DS-9 “Thebe-DEL” LEO polar Commanded by Bob White, with pilots Doug Boone and Larry Hanson. First DEL mission, duration 7 days.
??-07-1968 USA Minerva-22 DS-10 “Rhene” LEO Demonstrated on-orbit docking with a target vehicle.
??-12-1968 USA ?? Lunar Surveyor Lunar orbit 2-year orbital survey mission.
??-??-1968 USA ?? Skycom-1 GEO American-built military communications satellite for the British government.
??-??-1969 USA ?? Tempest-2 “Mid-Morning” sun-synchronous
??-??-1969 USA Minerva-22 DS-12 “Athena-DEL” LEO polar Second flight for astronaut Edward Karski.
??-03-1969 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Mars-4 Mars flyby Failed Mars Orbit Insertion. Lander failed shortly after touchdown.
??-03-1969 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Mars-5 Mars orbit/surface First successful soft-landing on a planet.
??-05-1969 USA Minerva-1 Pathfinder-2 Venus flyby First attempted spacecraft radar measurements of Venus.
??-05-1969 USA Minerva-1 Pathfinder-3 Venus flyby
??-05-1970 USA Minerva-24 Pilgrim-1 Lunar surface First soft-landing on the Moon at Mare Tranquillitatis. Returned 120g of samples to Earth. Operated for 10 days.
??-06-1970 USA Minerva-22 DS-16 “Aura” LEO Gary Jones becomes the first African-American in space.
08-10-1970 USA Minerva-24 Starlab-1 452 x 458 km, 28.5 degree Unmanned launch of the Starlab space station.
20-10-1970 USA Minerva-22 Starlab-2 “Athena” 452 x 458 km, 28.5 degree Merricks, McEnnis and Quinn launch on the first space station mission.
??-??-1971 USA ?? Tempest-3 “Mid-Morning” sun-synchronous Replaces the failed Tempest-1.
??-03-1971 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Chasovoy-1 230 km, 51.6 degree Unmanned launch of the Chasovoy-1 space station.
22-03-1971 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-10 230 km, 51.6 degree Gagarin and Leonov launch on the first Soviet space station mission.
??-??-1971 USA Minerva-22 DS-19 “Athena” LEO Performed in-space servicing of USA-110
??-??-1973 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Chasovoy-2 LEO Unmanned launch of the Chasovoy-2 space station.
??-02-1973 USA Minerva-20c Pathfinder-4 heliocentric Ion-drive demonstration mission.
??-??-1973 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya LEO Launch of the first crew to Chasovoy-2
??-??-1973 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya LEO Launch of the second crew to Chasovoy-2
??-09-1973 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Orel LEO Piloted by Lidiya Kotova, first woman in space.
??-01-1974 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Safir-1/Kosmos-121 Lunar flyby Unmanned test flight of the Safir circumlunar spacecraft.
??-04-1974 USA Minerva-20 Columbia-1 LEO Unmanned Columbia test flight.
??-06-1974 USA Minerva-20c Pathfinder-5 heliocentric Solar sail demonstration mission.
??-08-1974 USA Minerva-22 DS-23 LEO Dynasoar return to flight mission.
??-10-1974 USA Minerva-20 Columbia-2 LEO Unmanned Columbia test flight, incorporating design changed from the Rhene Inquiry recommendations.
??-01-1975 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Zarya-V Lunar flyby Unmanned test flight of the Zarya-V circumlunar spacecraft, though without working life support or the final power system.
11-03-1975 USA Minerva-20 Columbia-3 LEO First manned Columbia flight. Crew is Dave Merricks and Gary Jones.
??-04-1975 USA Minerva-22 DS-24/Starlab-3 “Athena” LEO Final Starlab mission, aborted after 4 days due to health concerns. Lee Gentry commands.
07-05-1975 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Safir LEO (failed) Manned test flight of the Safir spacecraft. 1st stage failed. 2-man crew escaped unharmed.
??-06-1975 USA Minerva-20 Columbia-4 LEO 5-day manned Columbia test flight. Crew is Albert Crews and John Kaminski.
??-09-1975 ESLA Theseus “SotonSat” test payload GTO First test flight of the Theseus launcher. 3rd stage fails.
??-10-1975 USA Minerva-B24c Columbia-5 Circumlunar Unmanned Columbia test flight. First use of uprated Minerva-B24c.
??-11-1975 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Safir-1 LEO Manned test flight of the Safir spacecraft. Officially designated Safir-1.
23-01-1976 USA Minerva-B24c Columbia-6 Circumlunar First full-up Columbia mission. Crew is Dave Merricks and Gary Jones.
20-03-1976 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Safir-2 Circumlunar First full-up Safir mission. Crew is Viktor Petrov and Juris Mēness.
??-03-1976 ESLA Theseus Test payload GTO Second test flight of the Theseus launcher, fully successful
27-07-1976 USA Minerva-B20c Mayflower-1 heliocentric First Outer Planet Pilgrim probe.
??-08-1976 USA Minerva-B24c Columbia-7 Circumlunar Second full-up Columbia mission. Crew is Albert Crews and John Kaminski.
??-08-1976 ESLA Theseus French military comsat GTO Third flight of the Theseus launcher.
??-06-1977 USSR UR-500 “Proton” Chasovoy-3 LEO Unmanned launch of the Chasovoy-3 space station.
08-07-1977 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-13 LEO Launch of the first crew to Chasovoy-3, Konstantin Izmaylov and Lev Yelagin. Returned Izmaylov and Zarya-14 cosmonaut Eduard Sarafian to Earth in the first Chasovoy crew rotation.
01-08-1977 USSR M-1 “Zarya” Zarya-14 LEO Launch of the second crew to Chasovoy-3, Pyotr Babanin and Eduard Sarafian. Returned Sarafian and Zarya-13 cosmonaut Konstantin Izmaylov to Earth in the first Chasovoy crew rotation.
25-08-1977 USA Minerva-B20c Halley Pilgrim heliocentric Halley's Comet rendezvous probe.
30-08-1977 USA Minerva-B20c Mayflower-2 heliocentric Second Outer Planet Pilgrim probe.
??-06-1978 USA Minerva-B24c Columbia-10 Circumlunar Last Columbia mission. Crew is Doug Boone and Eugene Lippmann.
12-12-1981 USA Minerva-B22 DS-34 “Thebe” LEO Dynasoar part of the joint Chasovoy-Dynasoar mission. Docked with Chasovoy-3 on 14th December. Crew Albert Crews, Martin Quinn and Frank Delao.
??-09-1982 USA Minerva-B22 DS-36 “Tara” LEO Final Dynasoar mission, servicing an NRO spy satellite.

timelines/kolyma_launches.txt · Last modified: 2015/12/11 05:43 by Petike