Leopold I and his Sicilian and Neapolitan troops begin rallying the Italian countryside to resist the French. This includes Naples which is under direct French occupation. Rioting in the city leads to the February Massacre in which 48 Neapolitans are killed in a French crackdown on the city. The massacre leads to massive rioting in the city which leads to a direct attack by Leopold's forces. The Battle of Naples is extremely bloody but the Napoleonic puppet king Joachim Murat is captured and executed by Leopold himself.
Battle of Cassino sees organizes Neapolitan defenders defeated soundly by French soldiers.
Naples falls to French soldiers in March, the majority of Neapolitan defenders, including Leopold I, scatter into the Italian countryside where they begin the “Sotterraneo” or underground war.
The Royal Navy blockades Pondicherry for four weeks in its attempt to find an escaped convict after Americans refused soldiers the ability to search the town. The convict would later be found in Madras.
Convicts and Irish rebels rise up against the Crown at the behest of the powerful John Macarthur in Australia starting the Australian Civil War.
August rumors of the capture and execution of Leopold I in the Italian countryside lead to mass uprisings in Rome and Naples. In the August Massacre in Rome 200 Romans are killed and French troops allegedly threatened to attack the Vatican in an attempt to quell the violence.
Australian rebels are defeated at the Battle of Sydney and retreat to the Great Dividing Range. Royalist forces are not strong enough to pursue.
Governor William Bligh transfers control of Australia to new governor Lachlan Macquarie.
French leadership in the Department of Brenta within the Kingdom of Italy is executed by revolting citizenry. This marks the beginning of major underground war activity in northern Italy and Napoleon's decision to send 40,000 more troops to reinforce the increasingly dangerous Italian front.
The Bavarian Scandal reveals that United States of the Rhine members Bavaria, Saxe, and several others are in talks with Austria to form an anti-Napoleonic alliance. This leads to the dissolution of the USR and the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine which leaves only 15 states.
Ishaq Mirza returns to Calcutta on a British East India ship.
Native Americans under Tecumseh begin attacking settlers and soldiers in Indiana Territory.
Leopold I leads an organized attack on Bari which captures the southern port in October.
Leopold I leads a joint British-Italian attack on Naples which frees that city for a third time in November.
French General Pierre Dupont's invasion force collapses at Cellole in southern Italy ending direct French threats to Naples.
The Congress of Calicut opens late in the year. Yashwantrao Holkar of Indore and Rajputana, Raghoji II Bhonsle of Nagpur, Daulat Scindia of Gwalior, Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Sikh Empire, Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa of Nepal, and King Bodawpaya of Burma are only a handful of the big names who will attend during its meetings.
Battle of Rousse leads to a great victory by Russian troops over Ottoman forces.
Thomas Jefferson arrives in India to conduct his tour of India in public but in private organize anti-British activity and the Congress of Calicut.
The New Madrid Earthquake rocks much of middle North America. While the Earthquake does little damage in the sparsely populated wilderness it is seen as a religious sign by many Indioes who flock to Tecumseh’s federation in the aftermath.
Prussia declares war on France in response to the unilateral French Grand Mediatisation of the German states, officially starting the War of the Sixth Coalition on the continent.
The HMS Gallant fires on the USS Argus killing several sailors including the son of William Briggs. The incident causes President Madison and Congress to declare war on Great Britain joining the War of the Sixth Coalition.
British forces repulse an American attack on Bermuda.
Fateh Ali begins rallying support for his cause thus instigating the brief Mysore Civil War between himself and the British puppet Wodeyar dynasty.
U.S. forces capture Gibraltar from British defenders to the shock of the world.
After years of losing ground to the Russians, Mahmud concludes the Treaty of Bucharest with the Tsar ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1807-1812.
U.S. and Indian forces capture Bombay after a siege lasting from May until June.
Battle of Kassel, also known as the Battle of Hercules Ridge, sees Prussian King Fredrick William III killed and his army routed by French forces under Napoleon in one of the bloodiest battles of the Napoleonic Wars.
August – Fredrick William IV is crowned and Prussia placed under the regency of Baron vom Stein.
Noticing great unrest in Persia due to the war, Ishaq Mirza heads to Afghanistan from India.
Russian troops invade East Prussia as a sign of good faith to the Napoleonic Alliance. However Baron vom Stein reveals to Napoleon Russian intent to betray the French and crush Napoleon when he is unsuspecting in exchange for a moderate peace.
September – The Royal Navy begins establishing a weak blockade of US ports…namely along the St. Lawrence Mouth, New York, Chesapeake Bay, Philadelphia, Charleston, and various Caribbean ports.
Battle of Frankfurt an der Oder sees French and Polish forces smash the Russian army under Alexander I sending it reeling back to Russia.
France and Prussia sign Treaty of Berlin, ending their hostilities, putting the two into an alliance, and giving Silesia to Poland.
October - British government signs an alliance with the Ottoman Empire
Royal Navy forces under Admiral Edward Pellew engage the American fleet under Commodore Stephen Decatur at the Strait of Gibraltar in the First Battle of the Pillars. The pitched battle ends in a narrow draw with both captains agreeing to a mutual withdraw during a boarding action.
November – Thomas Jefferson ends his year and a half tour of India.
December – Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II declares war on the U.S.
February – Fateh Ali secures lasting victory for his faction in the Mysore Civil War, securing his rule over Mysore and kicking the British puppet Wodeyar Dynasty out.
Ottoman forces supported by the Royal Navy take Tripoli from U.S./African allies in a bloody three day battle. U.S. commander Colonel Jacob Brown is killed and replaced by Winfield Scott. In the aftermath of the battle Ottoman forces execute Sultan Hamet Karamanli for treachery unleashing riots in the city that are bloodily suppressed.
April – The Second Battle of the Pillars results in a defeat and narrow escape by the American fleet under Stephen Decatur to Tangiers. The Royal Navy places Gibraltar under siege and begins blockading the Moroccan coast.
Yashwantrao Holkar takes Pune and executes the British client Peshwa, Baji Rao II. Major Indian coalition victory over the British but does launch the Maratha Civil War that will dictate the Central Indian front throughout the war and ensure the later dissolution of the Maratha Confederation.
Venezuela declares independence from Spain.
Napoleon’s Grande Armeé invades Russia.
May – American commodore Samuel Greene takes three ships and departs for Australia in a bold American plan to incite a republican uprising.
Burmese King Bodawpaya conquers and annexes Manipur.
June – Coalition forces take Delhi with Agra falling several days later. The Mughal Emperor, lacking a true state but not influence, pledges support to the coalition. These victories inspire Jammu to join the coalition.
July – Ottoman forces once again supported by the Royal Navy take Tunis in a battle that sees 14,000 casualties on both sides. The loss of Tunis brings about civil fighting in Algeria and unrest in Morocco. This forces Hicham I to return to Morocco and results in the allied forced being placed under the command of the neutral American commander Winfield Scott.
Fateh Ali and Mysore troops capture Trivandrum forcing Travancore to change sides in the war.
August – Raghoji II Bhonsle is defeated by a joint Anglo-Maratha army at Lanji leaving the road to Nagpur wide open and threatening Central Indian gains by the coalition. As a result Yashwantrao bribes/convinces the Pindari horseman to join the coalition’s side and harass Anglo-Maratha forces from Bengal to Central India in a tactic that greatly slows their forces.
U.S. Navy raid of Port Blair in the Nicobar Islands brings back hundreds of Polygar prisoners from the various wars with Britain earlier. They are released into Southeast India and begin harassing British efforts in the region.
September – Pindari raid on Calcutta rocks British East India Company war efforts and frees hundreds of prisoners while making off with untold valuables.
Battle of Borodino, the largest battle of the Napoleonic Wars, is a pyrrhic victory for Napoleon leading to the (brief) occupation of Moscow.
Battle of Constantine sees U.S/African forces defeat numerically superior Ottoman forces at Constantine finally halting the Ottoman offensive.
Shortly after the Battle of Constantine a riot breaks out in Tripoli resulting in Ottoman troops firing on protesters. The Massacre of Tripoli sees 17 killed and 50 wounded.
October – British gun runners led by Colonel Russell Tillion begin supplying Tecumseh’s Indioes Confederation in Indiana Territory via Hudson Bay.
Royalists defeat Republicans at La Victoria in Venezuela. This loss forces Simon Bolivar to retreat to New Granada.
Father Hidalgo leads an uprising in Mexico in hopes of establishing a republic. He is captured and executed and his army routed.
Royal Navy forces attempt to recapture Gibraltar in the Second Battle of Gibraltar but are narrowly repulsed by the American garrison.
Rioters and protesters inspired by Constantine and angered by Tripoli rise up in Tunis leading to the October Massacre
Proclamation of 1811 sees Spanish King Ferdinand VII declare that Criollos have equal rights to Peninsulares greatly impacting politics in the Spanish colonies.
November – Feigning French support, the Order of Freedom arms aborigine warriors with stolen French guns so they can attack the British settlers. Thus begins the Australian Aborigine War.
Ishaq Mirza gathers an army at Herat and invades Persia laying claim to the Peacock Throne. He declares that the wars failure and the humiliating Treaty of Gulistan are an indictment on the failure of Fath Ali Shah and the Qajar Dynasty. After the treaty has taken away much of the Caucasus homeland of the Qajari base, his main supporters are fractured.
Anglo-Hyderabadi forces defeat Yashwantrao at Gulbarga forcing them back to Sholapur to regroup. The force then wields south and defeats Fateh Ali’s army at Mahbubnagar then Raichur several days later where it is revealed the new army is being commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley.
U.S. support sees Greeks, Saudis, and Mamluks rise up against the Ottoman Empire in an effort to siphon pressure off the coalition in North Africa.
December – Battle of Wollongong sees Royalist Australians, rebels, and aborigines bloody each other in a battle the Royalist New South Wales Corps wins while ending the rebel and aborigine threats at great cost to themselves.
Napoleon returns to Paris and the remains of his Grand Armeé begin to long retreat from Moscow.
Saudi forces take Mocha, the main Ottoman port on the Red Sea.
January – American troops disarm rebels regrouping in the Great Dividing Range in response to the allegedly rebel murders of New South Wales Corps officers in camp (actually performed by Order of Freedom with the only surviving officer being William Bligh who escapes to Van Diemen’s Land [Tasmania]).
Royal Navy forces capture American Pondicherry.
A Mamluk army battles Lower Egyptians under Mohammed Ali at Asyut resulting a bloody draw that stalemates the war in Egypt in one day.
February – Sydney citizens vote to declare their independence from Britain citing an inability for the crown to protect them.
Royal Navy forces capture American Yanam.
Battle of Bellary sees Anglo-Hyderabadi forces under Wellesley defeat Ali and his Mysore army pushing them back to Mysore proper.
Ishaq Mirza’s forces take Mashhad with little resistance.
Greek rebels are bloodily defeated at the Battle of Corinth.
March – Andrew Jackson with the Tennessee militia wins the battles of Talladega and Horseshoe Bend ending the Creek Civil War and the threat of Creek natives in the southeastern U.S.
Royal Navy forces capture American Karikal.
Yashwantrao swings his rebuilt army south and links up with Ali in Mysore territory.
Fredrick William IV’s regency ends in Prussia and Baron vom Stein’s rule is ended.
April – Fort Wayne Massacre sees all the inhabitants of Fort Wayne, capital of Indiana Territory, massacred by natives under Tecumseh. Among the victims in Territorial governor William Henry Harrison.
May – Commodore Samuel Greene and the American fleet arrive off Sydney.
Battle of Siringapatnum sees Ali and Yashwantrao desicevly defeat Wellesley and his Anglo-Hyderabadi forces, ending British/allied offensives against the Coalition.
June – Jackson and reinforcements arrive in Indiana Territory to take command of the chaotic situation.
The politically disastrous Hartford Convention begins with the aim of determining Federalist Party strategy in dealing with the War of the Sixth Coalition. Leads to the official split of the Federalist Party after several weeks.
July – William Blight lands on mainland Australia with royalist forces from Van Diemen’s Land in an attempt to retake Sydney and repulse the American fleet.
August – Battle of Jamberoo sees Bligh and his royalist force route Macquarie’s Australian patriot forces.
Battle of Tippecanoe sees Jackson’s forces defeat native forces leading to the burning of Tecumseh’s confederation capital at Prophetstown.
September – Congress of Calicut adjourns
Battle of Bottle Forest sees Macquarie and his patriots defeat Bligh and the royalists ending the Australian Civil War once and for all. In the midst of the battle Bligh is mortally wounded and dies a day later.
Portuguese King John VI elevates Brazil to a Kingdom.
Battle of St. Mary’s River sees Jackson and Major John Coffee decisively defeat Anglo-Indioes forces, kill Tecumseh, recapture Fort Wayne, and end the war on the frontier.
October – Battle of Nations sees the European Coalition finally score the decisive defeat of Napoleon it needs to re-secure the Germanies and open France to invasion. While not the bloodiest battle of the war, it is the battle with the largest number of troops.
Exhausted troops of Fath Ali Shah lay siege to Mashhad after crossing the brutal deserts of Persia. A small battle ends the siege and most soldiers surrender to Ishaq and join his forces.
February – Former senator and ringleader of the Circle of Eight and the Sugar War, Henry Smithson, reveals himself in attempting to start a British backed rebellion in the Lesser Antilles states. However British support for the plan wanes after some setbacks and Smithson never receives the support he needs to succeed. Smithson is arrested shortly after by the Barbados state government.
Ishaq’s forces launch an offensive aimed to take the Caspian Coast.
March – Paris falls to Coalition troops.
Ishaq’s troops defeat troops of the Shah at Azadshahr, securing the Persian northeast for Ishaq.
April – Napoleon abdicates the French crown. Treaty of Fontainebleau is signed and sees Napoleon exiled to Elba.
Ishaq’s forces win another battle at Amol, securing the Caspian coast. However Ishaq determines not to camp for the summer but cross the Elbruz Mountains and attack Qum.
Bolivar and his New Granadan army invade Venezuela.
June – The Haitian state government rejects British overtures to support and protect any attempts at Haitian independence from the U.S. after a fiery speech by the ageing Toussaint L’Ouverture.
Further Mexican revolutionary activity begins to fall apart after the capture and execution of Jose Maria Morelos.
August – Battle of the Chesapeake sees Commodore William Briggs lead a ragtag fleet bloody a Royal Navy invasion fleet at the cost of his life and all others. The remaining British ships and soldiers that make it to land are defeated by Andrew Jackson at the Battle of Norfolk.
October – Bolivar and his forces take Caracas.
Despite blazing temperatures, Ishaq and his forces successfully take Qum after crossing the Elbruz Mountains all summer.
December – Ghent negotiations begin between British and American officials.
Ishaq and his army march triumphantly into Isfahan, traditional capital of the Safavid Dynasty, where they are greatly received. Ishaq Mirza is crowned Shah Ishaq I several days later.
January – Republican uprising retakes Tunis from Ottoman control sending the Ottomans back to Tripoli.
February – Determined to end the issue then and there, Fath Ali Shah and his forces take on Ishaq’s forces at Shahreza. Ishaq defeats Ali who is killed in the battle. He marches into Shiraz several days later officially ending the Qajar Dynasty and reestablishing the Safavid Dynasty.
March – Napoleon returns to France and quickly returns to power and raises an army.
April – Loyalist forces force Bolivar out of Caracas and back to New Granada.
June – Napoleon defeats British forces at Waterloo and follows that victory with another over Prussian forces at Leuven.
July – Napoleon finally defeated by Austro-Russian-German forces at Maastricht. Napoleon begins to flight to Brest.
August – Napoleon and his brother Lucien arrive in the United States and after much debate are given asylum/custody by the European powers.
The Second Bank of the United States is chartered.
September – Treaty of Ghent brings the war between the U.S. and Britain to a close. Similar negotiations are finalized at the Congress of Vienna officially ending the War of the Sixth Coalition and the Napoleonic Wars.
November – James Monroe wins the U.S. election over Rufus King and Jeremiah Hamilton in the election to feature the last split Federalist ticket.
Unable to secure support and safety in New Granada Bolivar leaves Spanish America in search of assistance.
Continue to The False Peace