Forgive my ignorance, but what was the reason behind the British needing Australia when they could have just dumped convicts in parts of British North America they still retained post-ARW?
It's not wise, when you've just lost the majority of British North America, to start settling convicts in the part you've managed to hold on to.Forgive my ignorance, but what was the reason behind the British needing Australia when they have just dumped convicts in parts of British North America they still retained post-ARW?
Except that unless you have modern icebreaking technology in the 18th century, going that far north into Rupert's Land it would be difficult, not to mention interfering with the HBC's operations and their commercial relationships with the Aboriginal peoples there (not to mention the livelihoods of these same Aboriginal peoples). The HBC would not be keen on seeing their land being used for something like that, and it would make known that much to the Board of Trade. So that nips the Hudson Bay proposal in the bud.Maybe Hudson Bay? It’s not particularly far from Britain by sea, it’s far from the US and considering some of the proposal of penal colony were in disease ridden or deserted part of Africa, It would be an upgrade from all the proposal so except Australia
It was a two-fer.Forgive my ignorance, but what was the reason behind the British needing Australia when they could have just dumped convicts in parts of British North America they still retained post-ARW?
Was Brazil planning to take the convicts as immigrants if they didn't let the fleet leave port?
I don't know about the anglophone provinces, but Québec received a quite large number of Irish immigrants. For the most part they assimilated in the francophone population. (Some changed their names : Reilly could become Riel, Sullivan could become Sylvain.)The British Empire worked very hard to stuff Canada with Scots and keep the Irish out. I think even in the 1980s every other Canadian boy was named Doug Campbell.
Remember we invaded Canada in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 and kept threatening repeats through the 1850s: 54-40 or Fight! There was a push to invade Canada just before the Civil War in hopes of improving American national harmony. Palmerston and Gladstone both made a point of putting Scot regiments in Canada. Meanwhile, with Alpha Centauri not practical, they sent the Irish to the other side of the world by sailing ships that took months each way.