Photos from Featherston's Confederacy/ TL-191

U.S. Soldiers of the First Army in northern Tennessee prepare to advance against Confederate troops who have been attacked with poison gas. Circa Summer, 1916.

The Confederacy's Revenge: How Japan's Superbomb Project Succeeded With FitzBelmont

Henderson V. FitzBelmont, a Confederate Physicist who developed the first superbomb used against the United States*

If you were to read any history book about the Second Great War, you will often see the names of those scientists who were involved in their respective country's superbomb project: The German Einstein, The English Chadwick, and the American Oppenheimer. While there were other minor figures involved, one name tends to be mentioned much more rarely than others: FitzBelmont.

Dr. Henderson V. FitzBelmont was born during the Confederacy's 80+ year old existence and was head of the superbomb project located in Lexington, Virginia at Washington University. In 1944, the Confederates were able to successfully create a functioning superbomb and used it against Philadelphia during Potter's Raid. However, it was not as strong as the other superbombs that were detonated in Europe and only affected the western part of Philadelphia; the opposite side of where most of the U.S. government functioned. FitzBelmont was captured by U.S. forces, interrogated, and eventually released from custody. While he was able to return to Lexington and continue his academic teaching, the professor disappeared some time after the end of the war. No trace of him was ever found and it was suspected that the U.S. government played a role in his disappearance.

Many decades later and as the 20th Century reaches its last years, a new book was released in the Japanese Republic, in collaboration with other research scholars from different countries, that revealed how the Empire of Japan was able to advance their own superbomb project with the help of FitzBelmont's written work that was eventually received by Dr. Bunsaku Arakatsu.

Arakatsu was a Japanese Physicist who worked in a superbomb research program called F-Go Project. He personally knew FitzBelmont and would occasionally correspond with him via letters. More than a year after the war had ended, Arakatsu received a collection of papers from the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico**. The papers were initially sent by FitzBelmont first to the Second Republic of Texas in the hands of a group of secret Confederate sympathizers, and later to the Imperial District of Mexico where he knew and mentored to a few professors of Physics before the war started. The professors in Mexico were able to sent those papers to Japan in accordance to the written request that existed within the rest of the papers. The FitzBelmont Papers, as they are now called, contained crucial information about the Confederacy's superbomb program, such as how to successfully built one. With the help of Dr. Yoshino Nishina, Arakatsu was able to convince the Imperial government of Japan to invest more resources to their own superbomb project. On August 27, 1947***, the world reacted with surprise when the Japanese detonated its first superbomb on Karafuto island. The accelerated success of Japan's kernweapons**** program was credited to the information that FitzBelmont was able to send out before his disappearence.

Despite all this incredible information, there wasn't much of an answer as to what happened to FitzBelmont. According to the book, the U.S. government was undecided on what to do with FitzBelmont. General Abell expressed interest in liquidating him, but the government eventually decided to keep him under U.S. control and have him be part of creating more superbombs for the United States. However, the last known sighting of him was when he was heading to the Second Texas Republic to visit a university. Based on some of the personal writing that could be found, FitzBelmont expressed dissatisfaction in working with the American government. He hated Featherston for what he had done to the CSA, but refused to be a "white slave" for the "Yankee government" and would prefer to die than continue to live in a world without the CSA.

The research team for the book concluded that FitzBelmont may have taken his own life somewhere near the Texan-Mexican border, but this was never proven. A few members of the team think that he either lived a secret life under a new identity in Texas or in Mexico.


*I used OTL's Franco Rasetti as a TL-191 look-alike for FitzBelmont.
**The university was disbanded in 1865 by Maximilian. However, I think that a successful installation of the Second Mexican Empire may have resulted in the university being kept. Today the university eventually became OTL UNAM."30+november+1865"&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjyo9yOlJrPAhUHzIMKHWJ2BHkQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q=maximilian "30 november 1865"&f=false"30+november+1865"&dq=maximilian+"30+november+1865"&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjyo9yOlJrPAhUHzIMKHWJ2BHkQ6AEISTAI#v=snippet&q=maximilian "30 november 1865"&f=false

***A similar event that is related to OTL's first nuclear bomb detonated by the Soviet Union.
**** A German-influenced word for "nuclear weapons" that I made up. In German, nuclear weapons are called kernwaffe.

Bonus: Using the Hiroshima bomb in OTL as an example, you can find out how big the blast radius would have been if it was detonated in Philadelphia. I assume that the Confederate bomb in TL-191 would be smaller by comparison. Here is the website:
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Broken Faces of Dixie: Disfigured Confederate Soldiers of the First Great War

Face masks created by a Texan artisan to cover the horrendous wounds of Confederate troops.
During the First Great War, military technology was far in advance of medical technology (especially in the field of surgery) and no more was this apparent than in the case of the faces of soldiers in all the warring factions.

One of the armies who had it the worst was the Confederate Army where nearly thirty percent of the army received facial and bodily wounds from shrapnel, explosions, etc during the course of the war. A doctor, surgeon, and professor of the Atlanta Medical College named Joshua Sterling Bragg (a descendant of Confederate General Braxton Bragg) was horrified and shocked at the wounds of the fighting men of Dixie and offered his services to the Confederate Army stationed in Kentucky at the start of 1915 and set up a specialist military hospital in Richmond.

Dr. Joshua Sterling Bragg in 1914.​

Dr. Bragg and his team of surgeons used many facial reconstruction techniques of the day to aid in the repair of damaged faces. However Bragg developed a reconstructive technique known as “Waltzing the Tube Pedicle” in which the skin and soft tissue to be used for the flap is formed into a tubular pedicle and moved from the source to the target site by anchoring at both ends, periodically severing one end and anchoring it closer to the flap target site. As antibiotics had not yet been invented when this procedure was developed, wrapping the flap in a tube was important because infection was reduced. And in public areas near the military hospital in Richmond, benches that had been painted with the flag of the Army of Northern Virginia were set up where the wounded men could sit without the horrified stares of the public. Mirrors weren't allowed for patients in the hospital because many of them would collapse in shock and horror at the sight of their own faces.

A before and after photograph of a Confederate soldier (top). A series of photographs depicting the process of facial reconstruction (bottom).

For those who received injuries too great for surgery or if the soldier didn’t get a good result with the surgery, facial masks produced by local sculptors (who used pre-war portraits or photographs to recreate the faces of patients), like the German-Confederate immigrant Friedrich Trump, and provided to them. Of course masks would partially or completely hide expressions but nonetheless, grateful soldiers wrote letters to Trump and others thanking them because it allowed some soldiers to re-enter normal life.

In his personal journal, Bragg reported that the amputee ward of the military hospital in Richmond was cheerful in comparison to the facial disfigurement ward.

Unfortunately for many of these men sad fates awaited them; veterans who came home with a mask would quite often send their own children running in terror (especially when the kids removed their father’s mask). Patients leaving the hospital would face difficulties in life with many working in places where they were out of sight, marriages broke up, single men with disfigurements would find a hard time finding mates, social isolation and shame was often a result for them, and there were even reports of veterans with facial disfigurement committing suicide. Indeed for these men life was far worse than death.
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Polish Soldiers prior to the Second Great War, in which the Polish Army would put a determined defense of their country against the Russian Invasion of the Country.
Map of North America, ca. 1997, in TL-191
L_North America ca 1997 other nations.jpg

  • State of Alaska (Штат Аляска)
    • Capital: New Archangel
    • Languages: Russian, Native Alaskan languages
    • Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
      • Emperor: Descendants of the Michael - Kirill Line
      • Prime Minister
  • Republic of Quebec (République du Québec)
    • Capital: Quebec City
    • Language: French
    • Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
      • President
      • Premier
  • United States of America
    • Capital: Washington, D.C.
    • Language: English
    • Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
      • President
      • Vice-President
  • Second Mexican Empire (Segundo Imperio Mexicano)
    • Capital: Imperial District (Mexico City)
    • Languages: Spanish, Native Mexican languages
    • Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Republic of Belize
    • Capital: Belize City
    • Language: English
    • Government: Unitary presidential republic
      • President
      • Vice-President
  • Dominican Republic (República Dominicana)
    • Capital: Santo Domingo
    • Language: Spanish
    • Government: Unitary presidential republic
      • President
      • Vice-President
  • Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti)
    • Capital: Port-au-Prince
    • Language: French, Haitian Creole
    • Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
      • President
      • Prime Minister
  • Republic of Jamaica
    • Capital: Kingston
    • Language: English, Jamaican Patois
    • Government: Unitary presidential republic
      • President
      • Vice-President

Greenland is part of Denmark, Iceland is part of Europe, Alaska is its own nation with members of the exiled Russian Imperial family, West of Alaska is the Russian Republic, I gave Labrador to Quebec, the Second Republic of Texas was eventually re-annexed to the USA, Houston and Texas are separate states, Mexico continued to be a limited empire and annexed most of Central America. Belize and Jamaica are their own nations, and Puerto Rico still belongs to Spain.

These are all changes that I would have done. Feel free to agree or disagree.
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Territories of the United States in TL-191, part 1

Notes: I made the assumption that, after the First Great War, all British and French territories in the Caribbean were relinquished to the United States or made into sovereign island nations. I imagined that the U.S. Virgin Islands in TL-191 were eventually bought from Denmark and would include the British Virgin Islands after 1917. German Samoa would probably still exist after taking them back from the British after the end of the war and I made American Samoa become a territory where its inhabitants are American citizens, unlike OTL. Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands are Japanese territory in TL-191. In the Caribbean, the islands are either American-owned, Dutch-owned or their own nation.

[Organized & Unincorporated]

1) U.S. Virgin Islands
TL_191 Virgin Islands.JPG

2) American Samoa

3) Turks & Caicos Islands

4) Anguilla

5) St. Martin
TL_191 Saint Martin.jpg

6)Antigua & Barbuda

7) Saint Barth's

8) Montserrat

9) Guadeloupe

10) Cayman Islands

11) Bermuda

12) Saint Kitts and Nevis

Inspiration and explanation about the levels or territoriality in the U.S.:
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Territories of the United States in TL-191, part 2

Note: The islands were all claimed under the Guano Islands Act, which occurred before the P.O.D. They would be, more or less, under the same control of the U.S. in TL-191.

[Unorganized & Unincorporated]

Baker Island

Howland Island

Jarvis Island

Johnston Atoll

Kingman Reef

Midway Islands

Navassa Island

Wake Island

Serranilla Bank

Bajo Nuevo Bank

[Unorganized & Incorporated]

Palmyra Atoll

Unrelated note: I found out that I have the Smithsonian Channel and I am currently watching the "Fall of Japan: In Color". I also found a documentary from 2004 and narrated by Brian Cox on YouTube that includes similar color footage of Japan during WWII. Both of these give me a few TL-191 related ideas.
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If I ever have the cash, I would love to start a collection of WWI and WWII helmets of both sides.

According to the dude I talked to, and somewhat ironically, genuine Wehrmacht helmets are damn near impossible to find in Germany, as they were all recycled into other things or re-purposed for various fire brigades and eventually tossed in the 90s.
According to the dude I talked to, and somewhat ironically, genuine Wehrmacht helmets are damn near impossible to find in Germany, as they were all recycled into other things or re-purposed for various fire brigades and eventually tossed in the 90s.


That's sad to hear from a historical collector's point of view.