The Resurrection of Nusantara: How Indonesia Rose from Ashes of Colonialism Chapter 1 The 1955 Election has ended. Sukarno has won the Presidency. The Parliament have selected their leader for Prime Minister, which is Wilopo, again. Few months after post inauguration, Sukarno and Natsir did the Foreign relations, while Wilopo, this time, interestingly, Hatta is his deputy. Both pairs cooperated quite synchronized, aside from several clashes and debates. However, there was one thing they were afraid of. On 31st of September 1955, the Australian government requested the government of Indonesia to conduct talks regarding the Papua Issue. It was held in Dili, part of former Portuguese East Indies. Sukarno appointed Adam Malik, a journalist and a politician, to represent Indonesia with H.V Evatts with Norman Makin as Australia’s representative. The negotiation was a disaster. The Australian government strongly demanded Indonesia to withdraw any assistance for the Papuan separatists in the Eastern side, while the Indonesian denied such actions. Disagreement turned to brawls, and both went home with pique. This also gave attention to the international world. The United Nations had suggested this matters to take in New York. Still, none of the parties would open themselves up. The next week, Australia government decided with their international broadcast to condemn Indonesia. Along with lines as ‘Fascist Scoundrels’ and ‘War hawks’, they humiliated Indonesia in front of the world. By then, tensions rise exponentially, and both sides knew that only one action would absolutely lead to war. Indonesians by this time knew war is inevitable, and losing side is not what they want. Sukarno had thought about this for a while, reflecting from moments during Independence War. He then found out a solution, and notify the whole nation with a sudden radio broadcast in 30th of November 1955. After the broadcast, millions queued for drafting into the military. What was once hoped for a pacifist nation, now preparing for war. Still, Indonesians never complained about that, as they rallied on the battle-cry of Sukarno. Inside the Assembly, night-hours is being established. Many representatives have decided to stay on the Konstituante Building for a night. It is located in Bandung, initially used for the Asia-Africa Conference. Representatives have worked up to the limit, and it is paid off. On 4th of April 1956, the finish draft, the National Constitution of Indonesia Year 1956 is being ratified. The whole world now knows that Indonesia is serious about democracy. Yet, good news is futile, as the powderkeg have already happened in exactly the previous month, March 4th 1956.