Emerald of The Equator An Indonesian-Centered TL

Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: After 1900' started by SkylineDreamer, Nov 17, 2019.

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  1. Threadmarks: Chapter 1: Era of Hardships Part 1

    SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    The Resurrection of Nusantara: How Indonesia Rose from Ashes of Colonialism
    Chapter 1



    The 1955 Election has ended. Sukarno has won the Presidency. The Parliament have selected their leader for Prime Minister, which is Wilopo, again. Few months after post inauguration, Sukarno and Natsir did the Foreign relations, while Wilopo, this time, interestingly, Hatta is his deputy. Both pairs cooperated quite synchronized, aside from several clashes and debates. However, there was one thing they were afraid of.

    On 31st of September 1955, the Australian government requested the government of Indonesia to conduct talks regarding the Papua Issue. It was held in Dili, part of former Portuguese East Indies. Sukarno appointed Adam Malik, a journalist and a politician, to represent Indonesia with H.V Evatts with Norman Makin as Australia’s representative.

    The negotiation was a disaster. The Australian government strongly demanded Indonesia to withdraw any assistance for the Papuan separatists in the Eastern side, while the Indonesian denied such actions. Disagreement turned to brawls, and both went home with pique. This also gave attention to the international world. The United Nations had suggested this matters to take in New York. Still, none of the parties would open themselves up.

    The next week, Australia government decided with their international broadcast to condemn Indonesia. Along with lines as ‘Fascist Scoundrels’ and ‘War hawks’, they humiliated Indonesia in front of the world. By then, tensions rise exponentially, and both sides knew that only one action would absolutely lead to war.

    Indonesians by this time knew war is inevitable, and losing side is not what they want. Sukarno had thought about this for a while, reflecting from moments during Independence War. He then found out a solution, and notify the whole nation with a sudden radio broadcast in 30th of November 1955.

    After the broadcast, millions queued for drafting into the military. What was once hoped for a pacifist nation, now preparing for war. Still, Indonesians never complained about that, as they rallied on the battle-cry of Sukarno.

    Inside the Assembly, night-hours is being established. Many representatives have decided to stay on the Konstituante Building for a night. It is located in Bandung, initially used for the Asia-Africa Conference. Representatives have worked up to the limit, and it is paid off.

    On 4th of April 1956, the finish draft, the National Constitution of Indonesia Year 1956 is being ratified. The whole world now knows that Indonesia is serious about democracy. Yet, good news is futile, as the powderkeg have already happened in exactly the previous month, March 4th 1956.
     
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  2. Rizkyss Member

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    Well, that is unexpected.
    I thought indonesia-australia relation is quite good at that time
     
  3. SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    It all happened right after the West Papua returned. West Papua returned means that only the Eastern Side remains colonized. Furthermore, Assembly granted statehood to Papua right after aquiring it. Granted statehood in Federal Indonesia is like safe haven for Papuans.

    And I inserted Indo sentiments on Aussie Labours.

    I'll explained it on detail by the next post.
     
  4. Threadmarks: Chapter 1: Era of Hardships Part 2

    SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    Papua: The Island that Shifts the Down Under

    Papua, or internationally called New Guinea, is the second largest island in the world, falling behind of Greenland. Yet, however large it may seem, it was neglected by all foreign powers. Home to the aboriginal Austronesian tribes, Papua prior to World War 1 is divided into three. The Western half is given to the Dutch East Indies, the Eastern half was further divided into two, German and British. After the World War, the British acquired the German part, and in some time later handed over to the Australian Dominion based on 1905 Papua Act. During World War 2, Papua was partly occupied by Japanese forces. After Japanese capitulation, it was returned to Dutch and Australian hands. Finally, Indonesian efforts on Papuan Question make way for Western Half to be in Indonesian territories.

    During these time of shifting occupants and colonists, Papua was never regulated. Remote tribes live freely deep within the jungle, crossing the border for maybe dozen of times. The Australians have knew of this, of course, but it was so irrelevant that they decided to leave that aside. Before 1952 arrived, Papua had have a relatively harmonic coexistence from each holders. But, that would change… Since 1952, Indonesians have put efforts in reclaiming Papua back into their hands. As a result, they conduct several classified operations. One of them is Operation Dwikora.

    Named by Sukarno itself, Dwikora had two objectives. First, Indonesia must make peaceful non-coercive actions that Papua should be in Indonesia’s hands. Next, Indonesia must equip Papuans with basic defense to fight potential colonial oppressions. The last objective was the main reason why Australia-Indonesian relations deteriorated.

    After the World War. The Bunning Brothers, an Australian sawmill company had its eyes towards the density of Papuan rainforest. One could not argue the wealth they can extracted from there. Unfortunately, money spawn greed. Not long, several rumors about mistreatment spread out. “One tree toppled, one Papuan oppressed”, said natives. They grew in wealth, but Papuans grew in hatred.

    The Bunning Brothers, surprisingly became one of the fundraisers for the Australian Labor Party. A significant percentage of Labor’s campaign come from the sawmill production, and led them to victory. Another reason the Bunning Brothers was used is the rising Labor sentiment due to possible ties with the Communist. The Bunning Brothers hated communist, but not hated enough to radicalized themselves against Labor’s ideologies. This tactics proved not enough for the party to swing voters especially to win the 1954 Election. However, Ric Throssel had a sly plan.

    Just weeks before the voting commenced, he leaked classified data from an informant. The Sydney Morning Herald publish those data on 20th May 1954. The data really shifted voter to Labor, and it involved Indonesia.

    The Coalition government never really desired Papua to be Australian forever. The literacy of Papua was so low that Australia must granted these people further education. They have to do this because sooner or later, Australia’s ownership of Papua would be decried.

    Harold Holt

    Plus, Australia is somewhat an isolationist nation. For decades they resist on opening borders as broad as their American friend. Immigration was held tight, and regulations were applied. Illegal immigration to Papua Island, then to Australia, had been the worst nags of Australian border control in history. Protect the Down Under is easy, but protecting the Northern Island, not so much. They needed a solution for the current and possible upcoming problems. That is why Sir Robert Menzies decided to contact Wilopo by phone. They discussed for a solid three and a half hours regarding this issue, and they signed a deal. By the year 1960, Australia will granted a referendum to people of New Guinea Territories. However, in their referendum there will be an option of whether the territory want to join up Indonesia, thus uniting the island once again. Indonesia in return would give special port acess to Australia for full 50 years. They secretly signed this deal, in Kupang, which now known as the Kupang Secret Agreement”

    After the press leaked this to the people, they were upset with the government. Being lied by their own selected representative was not their expectations. As a result, the Coalition declined, declined enough to make the Labors a win in 1954.

    Soon, the Labor won the government. And immediately tension rose on day one. Australia publicize the secret agreement, and criticize the old administration’s agreement as a humiliation to the Australian people. They affirmed that ‘Not an inch will be given’ to Indonesia or Papuans themselves. After that, insurgency in Papua rises exponentially. More and more attacks happened towards any Australian people in New Guinea Territories, military or not. In the end, Australia had enough on 3rd March 1956.

    An Indonesian squad was just having their weekly patrol when suddenly three Papuans ran for the checkpoint. Australian army men follow soon after with shots fired. The escapers were able to cross the border, and knelt down to the Indonesian squad for help. Budi Setiawan, Lieutenant, felt pity for them, and decided to hear the natives. The Australians in the other side demanded to return those escapers immediately. Budi was just stalling time when they shot him and his squad, but a private, Joko Suwardi, managed to flee and rush for the army command in Kota Baru.

    The news reached Army High Command in Jakarta, and they are furious. In three days, Indonesia gave an ultimatum to the Australian government, that the shooters must be trialed and sentenced according to Indonesia law by a week. Australia, as expected, neglected the ultimatum. Indonesia then declared war to Australia on March 17th, and the fighting starts.
     
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  5. Threadmarks: Chapter 1: Era of Hardships Part 3

    SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    The War of Australian Aggression was supposed to be a quick war for the Australians. Indeed, they won in every aspect, except population. The Down Under had a decent navy. Alas, no one predicted that it would last for ten years and two months. The final battle for this war would be the Battle of Diego Garcia on Labor Day of 1966.

    The early stages of the war, was a disaster to Indonesia. Australia occupied most of Papua Islands, and only left Biak as a tiny Indonesian stronghold. Once an US occupied region for WW2 effort, the islands had a substantial but abandoned air field. Alex Evert Kawilarang, the Regional Commander of Dwikora Region, preserve the resistance there. But then, the returned leader of the Air Force, Suryadi Suryadharma, saw this island as a potential. Australia neglected this island, which soon will become her [1] fatal mistake. In naval superiority, Indonesia definitely fails. Arafura Sea became an Australian playground, and she expands her domain to Banda Sea. The British, after joined the war on April, had completely secure the Malaccan Straits, and heading South for the capital. Reached Jakarta on July, after sinking more Indonesian vessels, the Royal Navy sieged Jakarta with her ships.

    Col_Kawilarang,_Kenang-Kenangan_Pada_Panglima_Besar_Letnan_Djenderal_Soedirman,_p27.jpg
    Colonel Alex Evert Kawilarang, OTL rebelled against Indonesia in Permesta Rebelion, butterflied the rebelion with this.

    The first few years of the war was merely Indonesia versus Australia and Great Britain. New Zealand and the rest of the Queen’s Dominions never being called, thus never joined the war. Despite not the whole gang, the Red Albion already did major damages to Indonesia. Experts had predicted that Indonesia would soon fall by 1957, but boy they were wrong.

    The war of attrition, embarked by the Royal Navy, never really starved Indonesia even a single bowl short. They never attacked the countryside, thus food production had little changes. A significant effect can only be observed on imports, but food had been managed surprisingly well. The Suez Crisis also caused the 1957 recession in Britain. The Suez Canal Crisis, a ten months’ warfare from 1956-1957, crippled any British involvement anywhere farther than Egypt. Ended with an Egyptian victory, the Suez Canal was inaccessible for the British. Anthony Eden resigned from office. Political chaos in Britain began and mistakes begin to make.

    Christopher H. Hutchinson, the Far East Fleet, made their own move. They would summon troops from Australia to naval invade parts of Indonesia. He devised a D-Day style invasion plan to the East Java, from Madura to south on Gempol. He summoned 50.000 men and land to Sidoarjo at 2nd September 1957. This was rated a historical deja-vu when Allied troops entered Surabaya twelve years prior. His organized plot birthed results, but he led to his ill-fated end. People of East Java, radicalized with the PGI’s propaganda and slogan, fought every inch of their land to not being step by foreign power. The Invasion of Sidoarjo end up with 20.000 personnel dead, and another 5.000 personnel in captive. The rest lived on by retreating to Darwin. Hutchinson was utterly devastated. His unlucky gamble let him to resign his post, and left for a peaceful life in Scotland.

    large_000000.jpg
    Christopher H. Hutchinson, this was purely altered

    Once again, Indonesia’s spirit was blazing fire. The nation was able to repel the Europeans, again. International media once again took noticed on this nation, a vigorous nation of the third world. In addition to leaked tapes of Papuan harassment in Australia, more nations took side with Indonesia. One of them, intriguingly, was the United States of America.

    [1] I start using 'her' as pronoun for nations.
     
    Last edited: Dec 5, 2019 at 1:49 AM
  6. Rizkyss Member

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    Indonesia anchulus with malaysia?
    What is the respons of other power? Especialy Russia and China
     
  7. SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    You'll see
     
  8. Yama951 Well-Known Member

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    Jul 21, 2016
    I am reminded to the fact that before the MaPhilIndo debacle and the rise of ASEAN ending the idea, there was a large movement in the Philippines to "reunite the Malay race under one nation" or the like. The idea was said to came from the Philippine national hero Jose Rizal's idea of uniting the Malay people, aka austronesians, and erasing colonial divisions.
     
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  9. Threadmarks: Chapter 1: Era of Hardships Part 4

    SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    Based on:

    The Hawaii Pact Book One: The Great Allied War

    1958 was the beginning for the 2nd stage of the war, which is pseudo-armistice.

    The Gift of the Nile, the Egyptian Republic, had just won its war against two colonial powers, France and Britain in the Suez Crisis. Charismatic General Abdul Nasser had swept up Israeli lands up until devastation, kneeling them into peace deal. They negotiated at Jerusalem, The Holy City, thus names the Treaty of Jerusalem. The treaty was humiliating for the colonial powers, thus mark their end.

    Egyptian nationalization on the canal shall be valid and shall not be disturbed

    These foreign powers on three-year time are restricted on the Canal until further negotiations ensues:

    Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

    Republic of France

    Republic of Israel

    Israel must withdraw all her troops to the 1948 Partition Plan of Palestine Border

    The Gaza Territories shall be inserted to the Republic of Egypt

    The Arab State in Acre and Palestine shall be liberated as Republic of Palestine


    After the war, the British government had very difficult access to the Far East. Every communication and supply line from Far East to the Homeland shall be diverted to South Africa, which take additional weeks. Thus, the situation in Australian Aggression became fairly quiet. War activities lessens in the 2nd stage of the war. Australia, still dependent on the Throne, had less independent efforts on fighting against Indonesia. Because of that, this stage was used fully by Indonesia as ‘prepare to fight back’. From 1958 to 1960, war production increased quadrupled. Divisions became more fully-equipped and experienced. Eastern Indonesia was still owned by Australia minus Biak, but liberation would soon be at hand.

    Another reason Indonesia managed to hold a resistance is none other than the United States. The CIA files proven that in Papua had been discovered massive gold and uranium deposits, beneficial for the Cold War. Eisenhower took noticed. He tried to gain benefits while still allying Britain, so he gave supplies such as AK-47 from Iran. Giving US weapons would immediately be being suspected by Britain, so by this tactic it would not be found out. In addition to it, US military personnel volunteered working with Indonesia. This was proven with Alan Lawrence Pope fighting with Indonesia on his plane. In return, Indonesia must give that specific 'area' into the hands of US mining company, with 25% of the income given to Indonesia in return. Sukarno, yet hated this kind of colonialism, must accept due to war measures.

    Eisenhower had been cautious with the situation in Indonesia. He, persuaded by the CIA, grew into giving support for the Emerald of the Equator. But, he would not want Britain to notice it. His administration would only give limited assistance to Indonesia. Helping the nation long enough until the next administration blatantly announce his support of Indonesia.

    In addition to it, in order to anticipate US withdrawal if ever they betrayed Indonesia, Jakarta had another backup plan.

    In December 1958, Wilopo visited Hanoi. In Hanoi, he meet up with all the disputed powers in the region. Bảo Đại, Ngô Đình Diệm and Hồ Chí Minh with Wilopo all sat down in Hanoi on a possible peace deal by these three factions. These three leader were enraged with each other, constantly on the edge of killing themselves. However, Wilopo had made just a crucial point for them.

    -Wilopo, secret record from Kingdom of Vietnam national files

    The meeting went up great for the warring factions in Vietnam. For once, the communists and the liberals can work together and form up some sort of coalition, albeit how fragile it is. It is left for the Monarchist to decide, and they did after the New Constitution is being ratified in Indonesia.

    In foreign stance, Indonesia was winning, the prolonged war make the British people demanded peace, creating conflict with the Australian government. Furthermore, it would make way for instability with the Empire. The United States was also leaning for Indonesia, leaving Britain with France as benefactor. The Soviet Union was still quiet of response. However, in domestic stance, Indonesia is changing.
     
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  10. Yama951 Well-Known Member

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    Hmm, a stable Vietnam and possible safe reason for the Malaysian nobility to sign up to Indonesia?
     
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  11. Rizkyss Member

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    What vietnam can do to help indonesia?
    'cause they seem "busy".
     
  12. SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    Spoiler:

    What if two wars into one?
     
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  13. Threadmarks: Chapter 1: Era of Hardships Part 5

    SkylineDreamer Likes History, and Alt-History

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    Based on:

    The Birth of 1959 Constitution by Sukiman Wirahadi Kusumaningrat (2100)

    In 1959, Indonesia had finally announced her newest Constitution. The representatives have had months of overtime within the Assembly in Bandung. People from all ideological backgrounds all work together to form the Constitution. In the end, by March 1959, the Constitution is being set.

    This is based on an interview with President Jonathan Trihandoko (2050) about government bodies and administrative regions:

    After the publication of the Constitution to the International Media, positive responses were received. The Constitution immediately put into effect on the 1960 Election and much more Amendments would be made, total 10 until now. In addition to it, the forming of the 1959 Constitution make way for the second stage of the Great Allied War, which was "Escalation"
     
    Last edited: Dec 7, 2019 at 7:48 AM
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  14. Yama951 Well-Known Member

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    Huh, seems that Malaysia got butterflied away, leaving only the Philippines and Indonesia in the Maritime South East Asia region.
     
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  15. Rizkyss Member

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    Seem like Indonesia make a lot of gain in this war.
     
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