AHC: Form alternate/new ethnic groups of the world

Osman Aga

Banned
Sinofarsis

Size:
4,000,000
Language: Persian
Religion: 50% Sunnism, 44% Twelver Shiism, 3% Ibadi, 3% Zaidi Shiism
Area: Persian Gulf, Swahili Coast, Hadramaut
Origins: Dating back from Zheng He's voyages, the early Chinese sailors and adventurers arrived in the Persian Gulf in a permanent state in the 15th century. These Chinese had heard from the merchants about the Pirates of the Persian Gulf and chose the Pirate life. The size of the Chinese, and being exclusively male, made them prone for religious assimilation by locals. As the Chinese Pirates were quite successful and arrived in the same era of the Portuguese in India, there was much to win. The early 17th century was the Golden Age for these Chinese Pirates and their descendants, making Bahrain Island their base, driving the Portuguese from the Persian Gulf.
The Chinese in Arabia were eventually called the Sinofarsis. Despite not being exclusively Chinese and Persian, their linguistics made them closer to the Persians, as they spoke most of the time Persian. The Sinofarsis were largely descendant from Chinese men and Arab, Persian, Indian or African women. Their appearance differs, while looking more like the Persians. Their height of success was the raid on Goa in 1594, taking a bounty of nowadays valued at €45,000,000.-. The Activity of the Piracy of the Sinofarsis increased as more European Shipping arrived though successes had so far been reduced. The Persian Gulf Sinofarsis were often Twelver Shias and very loyal to the Safavid Shahs, often being their Navy and giving 20% of every bounty to the Shah.
The Piracy died out by the early 19th century after a coalition of British, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Danish and Austrian ships had burned every last ship in the harbor of Bahrain, forcing the natural fortress to surrender (Surrender of Bahrain, February 1799). A Persian counter attack on the Europeans was repelled in the Battle of the Strait of Hormuz (August 1801), ending the hope of restoring the Sea Power of the Sinofarsis ever again.

Nowadays, the Sinofarsis have lost importance and their only identity left is their back ground. The phenotype has adapted to the locals by 2021. Their ties to China has been low to zero.
 

Osman Aga

Banned
Levantine Normans
Size:
2,000,000
Area: Syrian Coast, Mount Lebanon, Palestine, Cyprus, Cilicia
Religion: 75% Roman Catholic, 12% E. Orthodox, 8% Sunni, 3% Irreligious, 2% Protestant
Language: Arabic, Greek Majority / Turkish, Italian, French minority
Origins: Dating from the last decades of the Viking Age, in the late 10th, early 11th century and in the Crusader times. The Normans were allowed to settle in the Roman territories of Syria and fight the Muslim Emirs on the frontiers as a duty. The Sizes were relatively small and many Normans brought their families to the Levant. The Normans had largely repelled the Seljuk attempts of subjugation in mountainous areas. In the Crusader times, the local Normans were not active in offensives and were largely tasked in defending against raids. As time passed by, the Ayyubids drove the Crusaders from most of the Levant. The Normans in Palestine relocated to the Coasts. The Normans had proved themselves, not only to the Crusaders but also to the Muslims, by resisting Mongolian attacks on the Mountains. As time passed on and the Mamluks had driven off the Crusaders, they had decided the Normans were allowed to stay. Much to everyone's surprise. Those who wanted to leave were allowed to leave and about a third left for Cyprus, creating a Community there. The Normans even got two regions as a Christian Emirate in the Levant: Mount Lebanon, ruling over mostly Catholic people, and Mount Alawi, ruling over mostly Alawites which the Mamluks considered as heretics. The Norman Emirs got their duties to protect the region, collect taxes and uphold law and order as the Mamluk overlords dictated. For the Mamluks this worked out as the Christian Emirs would be used to suppress the Druze landowners and Alawite tribes. It went even as far as the full subjugation of Mount Alawi which the last Alawite tribes had been pacified by the Emirate of Jabal Rum(Roman Mountain), where the Alawites had thus remained untouched. As the Alawites and Shias were not protected by the Mamluks, or considered as Muslims, they were mostly enslaved by the Norman Emirs or converted and made a part of their Christian society in the Levant. Mount Lebanon was ruled by the Catholic Normans, while Jabal Rum was ruled by the Greek Orthodox Normans.
In the Mamluk era, the first existing Muslim communities were formed, with converts to Islam. These would later become the Emirs of Acre. The Norman Emirates, particularly the Christians had been resisting the Il Khanate and later the Ottomans. When the Mamluks were defeated in Dabiq by the Ototmans, the Emirate of Jabal Rum surrendered, in hope to avoid the Ottomans enslaving the population. Selim I had allowed the Normans, who surrendered to remain in power. As time progressed however, the Norman Emirates were losing power. The Muslim Norman Emirs of Acre had become the Governors of Palestine for most of the time in the 16th, 17th and 18th century. The Christian Emirates hardly had grown in position though they kept their autonomy until the late 18th century. By then, the Emirates were abolished and they were to rule as sancak governors and dictated by laws from Constantinople.

As of 2021, the Levantine Normans still exist. Their appearance is comparable with Italians and French. The Islamic Normans are nowadays largely Arabized. The Catholic Normans have experienced the same as the Islamic Normans. The Greek Orthodox Normans have Hellenized from mid 18th century until the late 19th century, often considering themselves as Levantine Greeks then Normans. Of all the three communities, they are still very influential in the region, notably the Republic of Syria (Nowadays Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine). The more poorer Levantine Normans also have irreligious and Protestant populations though these are on the low sides. The only thing that can divide them from local Arabs is the wealthy lifestyle the Normans have.
 
Daltokkideul (lit.: Moon Rabbits)*

Language: Selene-Korean (a Korean dialect heavy with English, Russian and Chinese derived neologisms)
Ancestry: Koreans
Religion: Exact statistics differ but many Daltokkideul adhere to either Irreligious Atheism or Christianity; those that self-identify as Christians are themselves sub-divided into many branches — including followers of Unification Church and other sects accused of cult-like practices. Buddhism, Cheondoism, Korean Shamanism/Folk Religions and other faiths are professed by smaller portion of the population.
Region: Daedong Arcology Complex and mining outposts.
Culture: Many of the Daltokkideul’s ancestors left their Korean homeland because they were either looking to make a fortune in mining colony “boomtowns” or because they were trying to escape their own past. As such, the Daltokkideul will tell you that their culture is governed by an entrepreneurial spirit, a mistrust of authority and a propensity to try something new & adventurous while thumbing their nose at the old traditional rules & norms of their former homeland. Despite this supposed “anti-traditional, rebellious spirit” adherence to religion, especially Christianity, is higher among the Daltokkideul compared to other groups in the region. Prior to the migration Christianity was already a rapidly growing religion in (the Republic of) Korea and only ballooned further when restrictions on worship were lifted north of the 38th parallel.

History: After the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union in the late 20th century, many futurologists predicted that either North & South Korea would merge soon after the D.P.R.K. enacts reforms or else the Seoul-based government would end up occupying its northern neighbour in the aftermath of a Second Korean War or an internal North Korean collapse. Contrary to both predictions, while the North & South governments did reach détente and peaceful coexistence in the 21st century, Korean reunification was as elusive as ever before. By the time the “Second Sunshine Policy” bore the fruit of Korean peace, the peninsula stood divided for nearly 100 years. Family and cultural ties had frayed while the wealth & wage gap between the two nations had grown enormous. And although North Korean artillery no longer pointed at Seoul, the DMZ had remained — now refurbished to stop illegal North Korean job-migrants rather than communist tanks.

Despite failure to achieve reunification, nations on both sides of the 38th parallel cooperated with each other in a number of political, economic, scientific and military spheres. Even in the early 21st century projects like the Kaesŏng Industrial Zone showed the mutual benefits of combining North Korea’s low-cost well-educated labour force together with South Korea’s technology, financing and business acumen. As technological advancements lowered the barriers to space exploration allowing both the private sector and regional powers to get involved in the Second Space Race, it was only logical for Seoul & Pyongyang to merge their space programs. The result of this joint venture between the two Korean governments and corporate-industrial chaebol enterprises was the Daedong (“Great East”) Complex — a permanent, dual-purpose scientific/commercial Korean Moon Base. Although initially a small habitat, as the industry of extracting Helium-3, Hydrogen and rare-earth metals from Lunar regolith grew so did Daedong until it expanded into a city-state-like Arcology inhabited by a people increasingly dissimilar to those living back on Earth in the two Koreas. It is a great irony — while the two Korean people could finally blend together & unite out in the stars, the resulting Selene-Koreans still stand apart & are increasingly separate from their Earthbound cousins.

Appearance: While they are biologically still human, the long-term effects of living in Moon’s lower gravity (even when counteracted by treatments like spin-beds) has resulted in Selene-Koreans being on average taller and lankier than their Earthly counterparts. Additionally, they tend to have a pale complexion due to living in habitats with artificial light. Despite this altered phenotype and unique cultural traits, the Korean governments refuse to recognize the “Daltokkideul” (aka “Moon Rabbits”; a semi-satirical ethnonym based on the old Asian legend attesting that a Heavenly Emperor promoted a rabbit to be Guardian of the Moon) as an ethnic minority for fear of giving legitimacy to separatist & independence-seeking groups on Daedong. With profits in mind, the Chaebols and government efforts have so far successfully kept a lid on calls for Lunar-colony independence but only time will tell how long the “status quo” can continue...

* — at least that’s what Google Translate tells me; if there are any native Korean speakers here, feel free to correct any errors.
 
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Osman Aga

Banned
Clearly you've never heard of all-powerful Atheismo 😂

> Believing in a non-Abrahamic deity, especially the God of Irony...

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Muggletons
Language:
Mugglebrit
Ancestry: All kind of working class paupers, British and immigrants
Religion: irreligious
Culture: noctural underground lifestyle ,eusocial society
Regions: England

During the Industrialization of the British Empire a large poor working class emerged. With scientific Social Darwinism becoming a major ideology within British higher classes in the second half of the 19th Century, working class people reverted into the underground of the big industrialized cities. To escape the housing situation, they literally moved into cellars, tunnels and underground railstations. By the 1910es, several million people lived in London underground alone. Over the course of the century the lower classes slowly evolved into a society of eusociality. The British high society referred to these people as ,Muggletons'. The language of the Muggletons evolved into a very distinct kind of English which was not understood easily if at all by ordinary ground-dwellers. Marx referred to the British ,Muggletons' in one of letters from later years as ,...a perfect example of the continuing evolution of the Working Class under the conditions of economic necessity and exchange processes to the ultimate developement of a Communist society.'. Aldous Huxley described the Muggletons as ,...a stocky, devious and brute race of deviant creatures, which soley existence is a proof of the devolution of the lower half of society into an uspeakable abomination'. The term Muggleton became a slur against any person of working class background trying to climb the ladders of British society. As the Muggletons evolved akin to an ethnic group, the classist approach on them turned racial. With the rise of the Eugenic-Social-Darwinist movement in the West, the existence of the British underground society inspired racial-classist agendas everywhere. In the USA, ,Muggleton' or ,Simplejim' became a slur against descendents of pennyless European immigrants or poor working class ,Whites'. Actual Muggletons from the British Islands had been forbidden to immigrate into the United States under the ,Muggleton Act' of 1899.
 
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Varmlanders
Language
: Varmlandic
Ancestry; Norse, Malagasy
Religion; Buddhism
Region; Madagascar (Varmland)
Population; 45 mln

Descendants of Norse settlers who arrived in Madagascar in the Middle Ages and ultimately conquered the entire island. Their language forms a separate branch within North Germanic family and has moderate foreign influences in phonology, grammar and vocabulary. They lost (for a few centuries) most contact with Europe in the High Middle Ages and developed independently. They converted to Theravada Buddhism under influence of Sri Lankan Monks
 
Ysbaeneg
Language: Britto-Hispanian
Ancestry: Brythonic, Hispanian, Moorish
Religion: Catholic Christianity
Culture: Insular Celtic traditions and mythology with Catholic modifications, remaking old Celtic gods into legendary heroes. Heavy influence from Arab, Berber, and Jewish culture and traditions, along with the pre-Moorish Hispanian culture.

In the waning days of the Roman empire, as the Anglo-saxons conquered Britain, a large number of Romano-Britons fled the country and settled in northern Hispania. The people were considered to be largely an afterthought even as more fled when the Norse subjugated Brittany and more incular Celtic people fled, until the conquest of Visigothic Hispania by the Moors. The Hispano-Britons were now a majority in the remaining area ruled by Christians, and so when the Cymod (reconquest) took place, it was them that took the forefront.
The language is a Britto-romance language with a Romance-derrived grammatical structure but heavy use of loanwords from Brythonic and Arabic. The Celtic influences are heaviest in the northwestern part of the country, while the Arabic influences are strongest in Andalwseg, in the southern part of the country, and the Latin influences are strongest in the northeastern part of the country around Catawnyeg. The capital of Dwleddm is equidistant between the three areas and balances out the three centers of power.
Ysbaeneg is now spoken across much of the world, as it was the Kingdom of Galicia that sponsored the first voyages to the Nwamwnd, and used these voyages to finance the Hispanian War of Unification and the Moroccan Crusade, conquering much of North Africa. To this day Ysbaeneg is a minority language from Casablanca to Tripoli, and Morocco itself remained under Ysbaeneg minority rule until the late 1990s. It is also the majority language throughout much of the South Nwamwnd and as far north as the Pwoddan river.
 
Ysbaeneg
Language: Britto-Hispanian
Ancestry: Brythonic, Hispanian, Moorish
Religion: Catholic Christianity
Culture: Insular Celtic traditions and mythology with Catholic modifications, remaking old Celtic gods into legendary heroes. Heavy influence from Arab, Berber, and Jewish culture and traditions, along with the pre-Moorish Hispanian culture.

In the waning days of the Roman empire, as the Anglo-saxons conquered Britain, a large number of Romano-Britons fled the country and settled in northern Hispania. The people were considered to be largely an afterthought even as more fled when the Norse subjugated Brittany and more incular Celtic people fled, until the conquest of Visigothic Hispania by the Moors. The Hispano-Britons were now a majority in the remaining area ruled by Christians, and so when the Cymod (reconquest) took place, it was them that took the forefront.
The language is a Britto-romance language with a Romance-derrived grammatical structure but heavy use of loanwords from Brythonic and Arabic. The Celtic influences are heaviest in the northwestern part of the country, while the Arabic influences are strongest in Andalwseg, in the southern part of the country, and the Latin influences are strongest in the northeastern part of the country around Catawnyeg. The capital of Dwleddm is equidistant between the three areas and balances out the three centers of power.
Ysbaeneg is now spoken across much of the world, as it was the Kingdom of Galicia that sponsored the first voyages to the Nwamwnd, and used these voyages to finance the Hispanian War of Unification and the Moroccan Crusade, conquering much of North Africa. To this day Ysbaeneg is a minority language from Casablanca to Tripoli, and Morocco itself remained under Ysbaeneg minority rule until the late 1990s. It is also the majority language throughout much of the South Nwamwnd and as far north as the Pwoddan river.
What happened to Castillan, Asturian, and Basque?
 
(OOC: This scenario involved a slight ASB background, as it was set in a scenario where the Tamanrassett River still exists, albeit in a situation like in the Nile.)

Saharan Gauls (Tóth Galátach u Sahara)


Location:
Sahara (OTL: Saharan part of Algeria, northernmost Mauritania and southermost Western Sahara; in short, the basin of the Tamanrassett River)

Origins:
Primarily of mixed Western European and North African origins, with minor contributions from both Eastern Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa.

Religion:
Syncretic variant of Donatism.

Language: Saharan Gaulish

Related Groups:
Berbers, Saharians, modern-day Celtic populations (Gaulish, Irish and Welsh), modern-day populations of erstwhile Gaulish colonial empire.

History:
Confirmed as one of the first Indo-European-speaking ethnicity in the course of African history, two principal expeditions had triggered the ethnogenesis of the Saharan Gauls: The first phase was the intermarriage between the Gallic mercenaries, who accompanied the Carthaginian explorer Hanno in the 5th century BCE, and local North African women, and the second was in the separate Roman expeditions between 19 BCE and 41 CE, with the same kind of interaction; the most visible evidence of their ancient presence was their clan (wen) names, of patronymic origin, in which the pre-Christian Gaulish were thoroughly preserved, as well as their mythology; in fact, their relative isolation facilitated their late conversion to Donatism. Traditionally known for their role in the trans-Saharan route as traders and merchants, complementing other traditional occupations such as farming and herding, the Saharan Gaulish clans were also known for their ability to speak different languages, which proved to be more than valuable to the different geopolitical entities that existed in the region after the fall of the (Western) Roman Empire, albeit it was fully understandable that they speak their own variant of the Gaulish language among themselves, written in a variant of Libyan alphabet (Tifinagh); in fact, they were believed to be the responsible for slight phonological changes in proto-Berber, most notably the shift from *kʷ to *p.

In the dawn of colonization in the 16th century, the tales of an isolated Gaulish-speaking nation in the semi-hospitable environment of the African desert and its desirable inhabitants, most notably its women, was used as a motivation for Gaul to claim its piece of the New World. Such legends, which was passed for generations starting with the reign of Carl U Mói (OOC: Charlemagne) or possibly of his predecessors, had led the country to adapt a policy that was already been practiced by both Portugal and Spain in their respective colonies: Export the Saharan Gaulish women to their own colonies in South America in ships originated from the Armorican (OOC; Brittany) coast to be betrothed to the surviving indigenous men (or male descendants of indigenous families who survived the Old World diseases) and raised family there, alongside prostitutes, female serf from all over Gaul and some Irish women. The contribution of the Saharan Gaulish women to the present-day genetic make-up of the Gaulish-speaking South American countries is evident by the fact that their mtDNA, mostly of North African origin, has a combined percentage range of 35% to 55%, depending on the population sector.
 
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Irrayans
Location

Northern Luzon, Country of Selurong
Origins
Javanese, Philippine, Sumatran and Bornean
Religion
Syncretic Hinduism/Islam
Language
Irraya(Standard Tagarug), a Northern Philippine language, in our timeline their equivalent are Gaddangs.
Related People
The other people of Selurong especially the Speakers of Northern Philippine
History
On late 1400s the Bruneians failed to sack Tondo creating the Kingdom of Selurong which would restore order in the island, the Spanish would annex the land south of Pasig River and Sierra Madre, to the rest of the people of Selurong the speakers of Standard Tagarug are primarily called Irraya.

note: from my timeline Terraces and Pagodas.
 
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Bisayans
Location

South of Pasig River down to Butuan, Filipinas with minorities in the rest of Mindanao
Origin
Phiippine, Bruneian, Sumatran
Religion
Catholic
Language
Bisayan(OTL Tagalog, Cebuano, Mansaka,Tausug, Aklanon and Illonggo merge back into one language)
Related People
The Chavacanos, Moros and Lumads of Mindanao, the people of Selurong
History
The Spanish would annex Luzon south of Pasig river and Sierra Madre, the Spanish actions would support the reunification of the Visayan dialects as one language.
 
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Romanians (Romana) are a large ethnic group inhabiting the Roman Republic. The ethnonym refers to Rome - the city-progenitor of the nation. This ethnos played an important role in world history and left a significant contribution to the cultural development of mankind.

Language: Romanian (Lingua Romana) is the language of the Latin branch of the Indo-European family. Of all modern languages, it is the closest to classical Latin. The official language of Romania and one of the languages of world communication. It is also one of the semi-official languages of music - many musical terms are of Roman origin, and the tex of opera compositions has been written in it for a long time. As a written language, the modern form dates back to the second half of the 20th century A.U.C. as an average between the official temple language and the vulgar dialects.

Ancestry: Traditionally, Romanians are considered the descendants of the Latins, one of the ancient Italian tribes. However, even the early ethnic composition of Rome shows extreme heterogeneity - among the first settlers there were Latins, Sabines, and Etruscans - the latter even spoke a language completely alien to Italics. As the Roman State expanded, not only the settling of the Italic tribes took place, but also the assimilation of the indigenous population. Thus, numerous Iberian peoples (Celts, Iberylusitans, and others), the Cisalpine Gauls, Hellenic colonists, the indigenous inhabitants of Corsica and Sardinia, the Phoenician-Numidian population of Carthage, and a number of other small peoples were assimilated. During the Great Migration of Peoples, the Empire lost a number of territories in favor of the German conquerors. Some of them, however, were re-conquered or entered the Roman service, such as the Heruli, Rugi and Suevi. The dilution of the Roman people did not end there - for example, in the era of Colonial Expansion, the Guanches (the indigenous inhabitants of the Canary Islands) were conquered. Genetic research confirms the heterogeneous nature of the Children of Rome. In this regard, there is controversy - some defend history from the first Latin settlers, while others believe that modern Romanians are the fruit of bourgeois revolutions.

From a phenotypic point of view, they are considered stereotypical representatives of the "Mediterranean race" - swarthy, black-haired, dark-eyed, and not too tall. However, they are much less homogeneous. So for the inhabitants of Northern Italy and Spain, light shades of the eyes (such as blue and green) are characteristic. Border dwellers are often fair-skinned and blond, while Africans are copper-colored rather than bronze-colored. And that's not counting the frequent internal migrations. If in the media of northern European countries, Romanians (like residents of other countries of the Mediterranean Basin) are often portrayed as dark-skinned and brown-eyed, for example, in East Asia, a dark skin tone is often accompanied by green eyes or red hair.

Religion: Modern Romanians are not very religious (41% of the citizens of the Republic are atheists), nevertheless, religion plays an important role in a number of national and state rituals. The religion of the overwhelming majority of the population is Chaldeism (or as local followers call it - Mos Maiorum) - which is a set of beliefs and philosophical traditions that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and have similar features. It is based on the veneration of a huge pantheon led by the Olympians.

Population: 129,000,000.

Culture: The Romans are rightfully proud of the fact that they are one of the oldest civilizations in Western Europe. Above the layer of high Latin culture, there is a huge layer of grassroots culture borrowed from the northern barbarians or older Semitic peoples. This is an individualistic people, who nevertheless value blood ties. Many are characterized by nationalism and a tendency to look for "signs of fate." Their Eastern gathering portrays them as oppressive and cruel conquerors, while the Northern peoples portray the inhabitants of the Mediterranean as domineering and arrogant hedonists.

Region: Romania - the Apennine Peninsula, Spain, the African coast of Libya, as well as overseas territories.
 
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Cisalpine/Italian Occitans/Lombards

Location: Po Valley North of La Spezia-Rimini line and West of the Venetian, Ladin, and Friulian speaking regions.

Ancestry: Occitan and Italian

Language: Cisalpine Occitan, Tuscan

Starting 1213, the Heretics of Southern France and Aragon are expelled forcing the Heretic Occitans to the Po Valley changing the Gallo Italic languages to an Occitano-Romance language, the Venetian Language would not be a part of it as it is a separate branch and distant from Occitan.
 
Walbulgarians

Location:
between the Balkans, the Carpathians and the Dniester, mostly in the Danube Valley.

Ancestry: mostly Bulgarian and Vlach

Language: Walbulgarian ( what OTL Romanian would probably be like if Bulgarian had influenced the Vlach language as much as French has English )

They are as much a cultural fusion of Bulgarians and Vlachs as they are a genetic one, the core of their national identity having been die cast together from its individual components mostly by the consequences of their people being settled in a cul-de-sac just north of the Eastern Roman Empire and at the westermost edge of the Eurasian Steppe.
 

Osman Aga

Banned
Baltic-Oirats

Language:
Polish

Religion: Roman Catholic

Location: North East Poland, Western Belarus

Population: 592,000 (Official)

History: Several Oirat Tribes migrated post-Tokthaymish Golden Horde Era to Eastern Europe. When they were unable to settle in hostile Islamic-Tatar lands, they were invited by the Polish and Lithuanian King to low populated lands. Within three generation these Oirats have converted to local religions. The Baltic Oirats post-conversion formed closer to local Poles, Lithuanians and Germans, abandoning old languages for Polish and in lesser degree Lithuanian, German and Russian. These Oirats became the backbone of the Polish Forces, from the wars in Muscovy in the 17th century until the the last stand against the division of the Commonwealth. Napoleon had also recruited these people in his forces after seeing their willingness. In the Czarist period, the Baltic Oirats were discriminated for being Catholic non-Slavs yet still heavily recruited in the Russian Armies, again for their military capability. When Poland once again became independent, the baltic Oirats played a big role in the battles to defend the sovereignty.

Appearance: While the Baltic Oirats look not much different than the Crimean Tatars due to intermarriage with locals of the Baltic, they are still culturally different than the rest. The Roman Catholic religion made them a little closer to the locals, yet their traditions as former nomads made them also closer to the existing IslamicTatar community in Poland.
 

Osman Aga

Banned
Sicilo-Arabs

Language:
Italian and Sicilian Arabic

Location: Sicily

Religion: Sunni Islam (Maliki)

Size: 645,000 (5% of Sicily; 345,000 in Sicily), (300,000 outside Sicily)

History: Since the fall of the Emirates in Sicily to the Norman Conquerors, the Arabs had relatively lived in peace until the Normans ruled no more. Several attempts were made to deport the Arabs or convert them. After the deportation succeeded a small part remained in isolated areas and were eventually granted amnesty as long as they paid their taxes. The situation of these Arabs became better with the Aragonese ruling over Sicily and Naples, somewhat tolerating them as they are heavily used by local Nobles. The situation changes for the worse when the Ottomans become a threat. This discriminatory period between 1480 until 1718 lasts until the Ottomans are no longer seen as a threat. As they were kept under close eye, captives from war were sent to Sicily and usually ended up living with these Sicilo-Arabs. Berbers, Turks, Albanians, Greeks, Bosnians, Arabs, as long as they were Muslim. The Sicilo-Arabs finally started to live in towns from the 19th century onwards, adopting Italian as a primary language in public while Arabic remained a rural and private language.

Appearance: As the average Tunisian/Greek
 
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