AHC: Form alternate/new ethnic groups of the world

(Aboriginal) Lemurian*

Although nearly eighty percent of the size of Australia and today very densely populated, the Lemurian continent was the last to be discovered and settled by early peoples. Settled first by Polynesian groups during their expansion through the Pacific, Lemuria would later see significant populations established by Chinese and Tewantinsuyu explorers in separate, ultimately unsuccessful colonization ventures that would nonetheless shape the demographics of the continent and introduce strains of religious and political thought that continue into the present.

Discovery by the Spanish in the seventeenth century would mark the beginning of the Lemurian Colonial Period as the culturally fractious continent became a dynamic collage of native states, European colonies and free republics and city-states. With the last vestiges of colonialism cast aside in the twentieth century, the newly independent successor states faced the truly daunting task of establishing a unified society for the first time in the continent's history, predicated on full legal equality for the aboriginal Lemurians and with a focus on preserving native cultural history even as the new nation set itself on an ambitious agenda of modernization.

In addition to Esperanto and the historical colonial languages, the aboriginal Lemurians traditionally speak a variety of languages in the Lemurian language family, a group that shows the variety of influences on the region. Aside from the vast adherence to the imported Baha'i faith the Lemurians have traditionally followed a pantheistic belief commonly called the Kn'tiki Mythos. A blend Polynesian and Andean archetypes and myth structures combined with a coopted form of Buddhism, the Mythos is centered on the octopus-headed creator god Kn'tiki, a conflation of Tangaroa and Viracocha. God of the sea, magic and the underworld, the Lemurian conception of Nirvana involves exiting the cycle of reincarnation through time and space, becoming subsumed into Kn'tiki's dream as he rests on the sea floor waiting for the end of the world.

Ancestry: Polynesian, Chinese, Andean, various European admixture
Language: Lemurian language family, English, Esperanto, other languages
Religion: Baha'i, Kn'tiki Mythos
Population: ~450 million (57% of the broader Lemurian population)
*It's ASB but inspired by an idea that's consumed me for the past couple of days 😅
I had an intrusive idea of a @DValdron-style extra continent ASB story as I was trying to fall asleep last night. Basically it would be a Lemuria* story where a continent made up of a combined Zealandia and Kerguelen plateau is A). above sea level and B.) moved to the South Pacific Gyre. Despite the fact that the combined land area would be roughly double that of India and Lemuria is settled by diverse cultures over the centuries and carved up into a stew of colonies there are basically no drastic changes on the world stage until the twentieth century, when a set of nationalistic revolts break out and the vastly different successor states have to forge a unified government to keep from becoming a battle ground in the Cold War.

My main bit of fun would be that real life weird fiction writers from around the world would be massaged into Lemuria's modern history in other roles, with the group that would eventually come out on top in the new government an alternate version of the "core" Lovecraft Circle**, here a political clique rather than a writer's group. Lovecraft would have a lot of his racism knocked out of him earlier in his life by joining the Army like he wanted during World War I. Newly self-assured he spins his wartime writing into a career as a reporter and culture columnist, journeying to Lemuria and building a deep bench of friends who in real life became Cthulhu Mythos collaborators, so when the ravages of World War II break out and the continent breaks free of the foreign yoke what steps up to fill the void isn't Communism or an American-backed regime but rather a version of the ideology he describes in "Some Repetitions on the Times", except without any of his OTL lingering racism.

Any plot, as such, would be a story of the development of the newly unified society told in primary sources, from the roots of the Lovecraft Circle and the new Lemurian state to the aftermath of Lovecraft's death (in the fifties due to better medical care) on the regime's nuclear and space programs at the height of the Cold War.

*With the name as a pun on "phantom island" rather than named for the actual animal as in OTL.
** Plus this guy and Sonia Greene

Thanks! I'm not sure if I'll do anything with it yet but I've got tons of ideas. For indigenous place names I was thinking of cribbing from Lovecraft's Dreamlands, Howard's Hyborian Age and Smith's Zothique, since they're politicians and revolutionaries instead of writers TTL.

I had an idea for an initial settlement by Polynesians a la your own Mu timeline, but with later waves from China and Peru. Rather than being colonized by any one Great Power I like the idea of having it basically carved up like an unholy hybrid between the scramble for Africa, Princely States under the Raj and the spheres of influence in China, with a later influx of Russian Whites thrown into the mix. It's too far away to be conquered by Japan during World War II but they also manage to stick their oar in through the Green Dragon secret society.

Although the war ends just like OTL the Green Dragons linger in Lemuria as a destabilizing group of lost cause bitter enders. Naturally decolonization results in an intricate patchwork of different states, nations and culture histories, but with a tremendous amount of potential the Lovecraft Circle hopes to harness to prevent the continent from becoming a proxy war battlefield. And of course the best way to show you mean business is to have A) nukes and B) a space program.
 
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Cochinchina Berbers

Location:
Republic of Cochinchina
Ancestry: Primarily Kabyle, some Khmer, French, Cham and Vietnamese
Language:
Indochinese French as a lingua franca, Kabyle in their own communities, Vietnamese is commonly spoken in younger generations
Religion: Non-denominational Islam, Catholic and Buddhist minorities

History:
Kabyle first immigrated to Cochinchina in the 1870s as labourers for French colonial construction projects, although many of this first wave of Kabyle returned to Algeria after their work contracts expired, a sizable number of them chose to stay. Their numbers grew steadily in the 20th century, and picked up in the 1950s when the Algerian war of Independence broke out. Kabyle refugees between 1952 and 1959 made up the largest wave of immigrants, this slowed with the breakout of the Vietnamese revolution. The Kabyle were targeted by Vietnamese communist militias as supposed French sympathizers, prompting extensive relief efforts and military aid to the Kabyle community and the anti-communist resistance in Cochinchina. In 1968, 3 years after the end of the war, Cochinchina was granted independence, the last French colony in Asia to get it, and its first Prime Minister, Rabah Zidi, was of Kabyle heritage.
 
Eastern Alyeskans

Location:
Alyeska (OTL's Alaska)
Ancestry: Mixed race of European Russians with Far East Asians such as Chinese, Korean and Japanese
Language: Russian, along with Far East Asian-based languages.
Religion: Orthodox Christian, though Buddhist and Shinto religions aren't uncommon

In a timeline where Russia kept Alaska, or Alyeska in this case, and it developed to incorporate other cultures via migration including Americans, Canadians, Native Inuits, Siberians, and most importantly, East Asians like Chinese, Japanese and Korean, before becoming a place of mass exodus for the Whites following the Red Army winning the Russian Civil War and forming the USSR.

Eastern Alyeskans a mixed race of European Russians with Far East Asians such as Chinese, Korean and Japanese, often inheriting ideals of both, and having their own communities. They have a very distinct look based on appearance, and are often multilingual. Eastern Alyeskan towns often look like slices of Asia in the midst of the largely Russian architecture that makes up the bulk of the nation. This ethnic group came as the natural result of Alyeska's Asian migration and Russian settlement over a period of time.
 
Nepali

History:

After the conquests of the Himalayas in the 1700s, the Shah Kingdom of Nepal became a regional power due to it's massive military might. The migration of the more populous Brahmin and Chhetri clans throughout the empire, means that the country is almost homogenous, with around 80% of the country being Khas Brahmins and Chhetris combined, and the rest being tens of other minorities. The Shah rule continued until the end of 20th century, with the people choosing to abandon the Shahs for an elective monarchy, where the people decided their new king (for life), in a referendum, which also approved the most inclusive constitution in Asia. Now, the term Nepali is used interchangeably to describe either the Khas majority or the citizens.

Language: Indo-Aryan -> Northern Indo-Aryan -> Nepali (divided into Eastern, Central and Western Dialects)

Location: Lands between the Brahmaputra and Sutlej(i.e. Himanchal, Uttarakhand, OTL Nepal, Sikkim, Gorkhaland, and western half of Arunachal and Assam)

Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Bon

Population: 30 million

Culture: Mostly derived of Hinduism, with distinct features such as the celebration of Dashain, Tihar, and incorporation of ancient cultures with each clan having its own god. Known throughout the world as South Asia's biggest military power.

Ancestry: Khas Aryan people of Nepal
 
Nepali

History:

After the conquests of the Himalayas in the 1700s, the Shah Kingdom of Nepal became a regional power due to it's massive military might. The migration of the more populous Brahmin and Chhetri clans throughout the empire, means that the country is almost homogenous, with around 80% of the country being Khas Brahmins and Chhetris combined, and the rest being tens of other minorities. The Shah rule continued until the end of 20th century, with the people choosing to abandon the Shahs for an elective monarchy, where the people decided their new king (for life), in a referendum, which also approved the most inclusive constitution in Asia. Now, the term Nepali is used interchangeably to describe either the Khas majority or the citizens.

Language: Indo-Aryan -> Northern Indo-Aryan -> Nepali (divided into Eastern, Central and Western Dialects)

Location: Lands between the Brahmaputra and Sutlej(i.e. Himanchal, Uttarakhand, OTL Nepal, Sikkim, Gorkhaland, and western half of Arunachal and Assam)

Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Bon

Population: 30 million

Culture: Mostly derived of Hinduism, with distinct features such as the celebration of Dashain, Tihar, and incorporation of ancient cultures with each clan having its own god. Known throughout the world as South Asia's biggest military power.

Ancestry: Khas Aryan people of Nepal
Arent those OTL Nepalis?
 
Your challenge, should you choose to accept it, is to create alternate or new ethnic groups from alternate timelines by creating possible Point of divergence for the ethnogenesis. You must discuss about the history of the new/alternate ethnic group.

This is the first ethnic group for the challenge.

Moorish American
Language:
Andalucian (Modern Mozarabic)
Ancestry: Moorish (Mixture of Spanish, Arab and Berber) people who immigrated to the United States in 18th century
Religion: Islam
Culture: A mixture of Arab, Berber and Spanish customs with original customs.
Bilalstani
The Bilalstani are the ethnic peoples of Bilalstan region landstripe in the South Eastern Anatolia. During the Ottoman Empire freed African peoples had been given settlement space in a certain region of Anatolia. These people had been of very different background. Fulanis from Western Africa, Sudanese Nubians and Habesha people from the Horn of Africa. These people all had different customs and culture. Among the admixture they also absorbed Kurdish, Greek, Arab and Circassian elements. Their language has many loan elements from different linguistic traditions but correspondents well to Turkish. Today they are Sunni Muslims with Turkish-Kurdish-Anatolian culture with African folklore elements.
The Ottomans named this people 'Bilalcan' in reference of Abyssinian Muezzin Bilal in early Islam. The land they occupied soon got referenced as Bilalstan.
 
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White/Euro Floridians (Floridiens Blancs/Euros)
Location: Republic of Florida (République de La Floride)(OTL Southeastern/South-Central U.S.)
Language: French
Religion: Mainly Catholic (85% or so), with Protestant, Irreligious and Jewish minorities
Population: 55-60 Million (5/8-2/3 of Florida's population)
Culture: Derived mainly from the Atlantic-facing parts of France (Normandy, Brittany, Poitou, Gascony etc.), with smaller Italian, other European, Amerindian and African components.
Ancestry: According to genetic studies, the average White Floridian is about 2/3rds French, 1/4 from other parts of Europe or the Near East and the remaining 1/12th coming from outside of Europe (mainly Amerindian or African).
 
Pahlawi

The Pahlawi (or Pahlawian) are an ethnoreligious group in Indonesia who migrated to the islands of Java and Sumatra during the Islamic conquest of Persia. Their ethnic name derives from the region of Parthia, from which, it is believed by historians that many of the original Pahlawi came from. They are effectively the last practitioners of the Manichean religion in the world.
Language: Pahlawian (native language, a mixture of Parthian-Persian, with Javanese and Malay influences)
Religion: Manicheanism
Population: 92,000
Culture: While retaining several Persian/Parthian customs, the Pahlawi have adopted many local customs of their home islands.
Ancestry: Genetic studies have shown that the Pahlawi have largely retained their Persian/Parthian ancestry with minimal genetic drift and little genetic relationship with the other ethnicities of Java and Sumatra.
 
Rheinois

Location:
The Rhine province (Part of the Latin Federation)

Language: A creole of the Parisian and Rhenis Franconian dialects. Although, the central government has taken measures to enforce modified Latin on the populace.

Religion: The Latin church

Population: 7 500 000

Culture: The Rheinois pride themselves in their German ancestry. However, the Rheinois have generally followed the Franks in their Latinisation, all be it in a much slower pace. Any visitor of Germanic heritage will be hard-pressed to find evidence of the Germanic roots of the Rheinois.

Politics: The Rheinois generally divide themselves along three political lines. Firstly there is the so called ''Carolingian party'' who wish to restore the Carolingian dynasty to the non-existent throne of the Latin union, their support base consists of the small rural population of Rheinois. Then there is the ''Rheinois party'' they call for independence from the Latin union, they draw their support from the educated middle-class. Then the largest party, the so called ''Populares'' they draw their support from the large worker population.
 
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Africani

Location:
The Africa and Mauritania provinces of the Latin Union

Language: In the past the Africani spoke a creole of local Berber languages mixed with African Latin, and Italian dialects. However, after the ''standardization agere'' of 1908 the Africani were forced to learn the newly modernized Latin language, which has resulted in the extinction of the Africani language.

Religion: The Latin Church and Ibabdi Islam.

Population: 15 million (as classified by the government, only around half a million identify as Africani)

Culture: a mix of Italian, Berber and Latin. However, nowadays, the Africans are more and more like their Latin brethren in Occitania, Neustria, Italia and Catalonia.

Politics: The Africani are politically divided into 4 parties. The first 2 are the ''Popular Christian Movement'' and the ''Ibadi popular Front'' these two parties call for a ''return'' to religious values, and both parties enjoy the support of the rural populace (of course Christian farmers vote for the PCM and Muslim farmers vote for the IPF) then there are the ''Populares'' they are the smallest party among the Africani as Mauritania and Africa don't have a large Industrial base from which the ''Populares'' usually draw their suport. The last party which has any relevant support among the Africani is the ''Political Liberation Movement'' the PLM draws her support from the educated Africani who reside in the cities. The goal of the PLM is economic liberalization and secularization of the state.

History:
The history of the Africani starts in 1309, when the African Labarumi (alternate name for crusades, based of the Labarum symbol) concluded with the capture of Tunis. Following the Christian seizure of Tunis large amounts of Italian mercenaries and merchants moved to Tunis mingling with the local Berbers, and the small amount of African Latins still left.
 
Cochinchina Berbers

Location:
Republic of Cochinchina
Ancestry: Primarily Kabyle, some Khmer, French, Cham and Vietnamese
Language: Indochinese French as a lingua franca, Kabyle in their own communities, Vietnamese is commonly spoken in younger generations
Religion: Non-denominational Islam, Catholic and Buddhist minorities

History: Kabyle first immigrated to Cochinchina in the 1870s as labourers for French colonial construction projects, although many of this first wave of Kabyle returned to Algeria after their work contracts expired, a sizable number of them chose to stay. Their numbers grew steadily in the 20th century, and picked up in the 1950s when the Algerian war of Independence broke out. Kabyle refugees between 1952 and 1959 made up the largest wave of immigrants, this slowed with the breakout of the Vietnamese revolution. The Kabyle were targeted by Vietnamese communist militias as supposed French sympathizers, prompting extensive relief efforts and military aid to the Kabyle community and the anti-communist resistance in Cochinchina. In 1968, 3 years after the end of the war, Cochinchina was granted independence, the last French colony in Asia to get it, and its first Prime Minister, Rabah Zidi, was of Kabyle heritage.
As somebody living in Sai Gon, I can tell you for a fact that the Vietnamese are fairly ethno-centric and wouldn't elect a foreigner as Prime Minister. Until recently the personhood of 'nguoi ngoai' was in question. It's unfathomable that anybody but a Kinh might attain such a position (if it existed) now, let alone a member of a radically different migrant group in the 60's.
 
Utlenese; Azorites (extinct)
Location: Azores (until 1511 and the death of the last full-blooded Azorite); Early-Colonial America.
Languages: Various Utlenese dialects. Portuguese (after 1440's)
Religion: Animism; Catholicism (after 1440's)
History:
The Portuguese discovered the Azores as a sparsely inhabited island chain with a native people they termed the 'Azorites'. A mere eighty years after Portuguese colonization of the region began, the Azorite people, their language and religion ceased to exist.
That there ever were a native Azorite people was considered a minor footnote in history until 1936. That was when a Librarian in Lisbon, Marnia Ribeiro, discovered an obscure old parchment written by one Francisco Da Pico.
In the document Da Pico recounts his life story; raised on Pico island until the age of 21, he was a nephew of the island's chief. In 1444 Pico was visited by a Portuguese mission. Francisco converted, learnt to read and write, and travelled to Europe to be ordained. Da Pico then served the church for the rest of his life.
It was originally considered merely a minor novelty to discover the only written testimony of a native Azorite ever discovered. However the descriptions of native, pre-contact Azorite society were what captured people's attention.
Da Pico mentioned that the native Azorites truly believed, until Portuguese contact, that they were the only people left on earth. Their mythological understanding was that there'd been a golden age 'four to five hundred generations prior', but that this was destroyed by a series of disasters, particularly floods. They believed this had mostly drowned the world and that only small segments at the epicenter, their islands, 'Utlene' had survived.
This story, and the endogenous name of 'Utlene', were pieced together to subsequently suggest that the Azores had been Atlantis and that the Utlenese were the last survivors of Atlantis' devastation. The authenticity of the document has been under considerable scrutiny ever since; however radio-carbon dating has supported the idea that they were created in the mid-late fifteenth century.
Archaeo-Genetic research has been impossible, because the Utlenese people, as mentioned in Da Pico's document, would bury all of their dead well out at sea. However, geneticists have found 'traces of totally unique genetic material' among modern Azoreans, however this material is only ever as high as 0.7% and rarely exceeds 0.2%.
 
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Canarians
Population: 2 mln
Language: Canarian, called Romana natively

Descendants of Roman colonists from 2nd century BC. They dpesk a Romance language that is derived from an earlier stage of Latin than the rest of Romance languages
 
Midorians
Location:
Federated States of North America (States of Kirisutia, Uminokawa, Seibo, New Amsterdam, Nova Anglia, Nassouwen, New Sweden, Baiverte, Mizoeri, Huron, Kipewa, Massachusetts, Ohyo, Colorado, Sierra Rocosa, Aztlan), Borealia, Joudouriku, Japan, France, Germany, England, and others
Languages: Japanese (Midorian dialect with varieties and influences by foreign languages), Amerikaner Dutch, Spanish, and English
Religion: Catholicism, American Lutheranism, Shintoism, Buddhism, and others
Population: 11.4 million (2015 Census)
Culture: Mixed with Western ideas including Roman Catholic beliefs with the Japanese and indigenous North American ones but recently, progressive and moderate ideas and in terms of ancestry, the people are mixed and multiracially Japanese and Iberian as well as indigenous ancestry and probably descendants of European-descended and Japanese immigrants which is distinct from their homeland, Japan due to descendants of Catholics that escaped persecution and intermarriage.
Politics: Midorians is part of the Western/Pacific Faction of the Social Democratic Party (SD) and the Liberal faction of the Constitutional Progressive Union (CPU), remarkably moderate, progressive, and most conservative in terms of carrying issues but kept collaborating with the Eastern counterparts. The growing independence movement including the Engi Jiyou (Auspicious Freedom) movement rallies before the 1997 Consensus has shown the Midorians are advocating full independence since the short-lived country was annexed into the Federated States.
History:
According to archaeological evidence, notes accounts from Portuguese and Spanish sailors, and historians, where the origin of the word "Midoria" came from the Japanese word "Midori" or green, has been coined according to the colony located in San Francisco Bay which was settled by Black Ships and Spanish Galleons carrying Japanese Catholics fleeing persecution from their homeland with Christian Nobles persuading the Spaniards to settle in the OTL Central Valley and in OTL Oregon where the idea has been much widely approved by their respective nobles in exchange for supporting the autonomy but their motherland and their colonial trade depends on trade from Japan and East Asia, New Spain, French fur trade routes, and Manila Galleons. The mainland shogunate wants their Christian colony to pretend like another shogun to conceal their existence out of sight from their high lords.

The first and second wave was marked by immigration of persecuted Christian converts, craftsmen, intellectuals who were studying Western education, merchants, peasants, fishermen, and some lords into their colony in between 1652 to 1750, the third wave was marked by immigration of sailors, farmers, Chinese and Korean Christians who fled persecution, some Europeans, and Asian Buddhists into the colony where the government-sponsored promotion to colonization while dissent locals also followed suit to avoid harsh punishment or outright sent into the colony to maintain internal stability in the mainland Japan.

Meanwhile, the Japanese had the idea to expand their counterpart settlement with its separate project by a Buddhist shogun located in OTL Washington and British Columbia where immigrants from backgrounds in Asia and some from Japan settled in the same region which also led to the growth of harvested timbers coming from cut down trees where it can be useful for building the ships that might be essential to outmuscle their Japanese naval power even they have their own colonies in Hawaii for supply and stopover station.

Due to flexible trade, the Western ideas are imported as the distance between mainland Japan and their crown jewel colony grows stronger in the mid-18th century to the early 19th century has caused reforms to the old administration and calls for independence has still in a premature development until in the 1810s and 1820s where the news of Mexican War of Independence broke out while the sheer rift between the northern counterpart has becoming worsened when the Christian overlords have attempted to tax the Buddhist temples ended with the outrageous reaction which led to series of events such as Kirisuto (OTL San Francisco) Riots, Higashi (OTL Portland) Pogroms, and others despite the Governor-General's decision to back down and overturned the controversial law involving a tax on Buddhist temples, the situation hasn't changed either until the beginning of Takayama Bay Mutiny where mutineers had revolted against the Japanese authorities over the controversial removal of skilled admiral.

The Midorinia-Joudoriki War of Independence which takes from 1827 to 1830 where countless series of naval battles against the huge fleets of the Japanese navy especially the epic Battle of the Chinukushima (OTL Seattle) and Apache battles against loyalists has led to the expulsion of centuries-old colonial rule and the formal establishment of the 20-year republic from 1830 to 1850 which includes confederation constitution and guaranteed religious freedom to fix or mend the Northern-Southern division where the ongoing problems that led to administrative cost would not be revealed until the secret Yellow Letters and the mass encroachment by the prospectives of European-descended Amerikaner immigrants.

The Amerikaner encroachment has been a major problem where an estimated 200k settlers have been following the Central Trail (think of Oregon Trail) to settle along the Pacific Coast and the immigrants from Western Europe wouldn't stop the issue until the first firing shots have been made with the attempted Jons Steenkamp Expedition and the apprehension has also caused a diplomatic rift between the Federated States and the Midori-Joudori Confederation and the combination with the Buddhist-dominated country has led to Dissolution Wars or the Pacific American War of 1845 where thousands of brave soldiers from both sides and Joudori separatists has been clashing with each other in the last five years with the Battle of Tanikawa which led to a crucial turning point when a huge number of Confederation troops was demolished by advanced and well-trained troops as well as geography and deserted troops which the Amerikaner forces have made their way into the Pacific Coast and the final act was the Battle of Kirisuto and Minamishima; in the latest move, the British and the Japanese had threatened Federated States of possible intervention but the actual reality was a thousands of brave forces had punctured its city's defenses and captured the surrendered troops and weapons as well as unprepared forces and then the flag with the Blue-White-Orange or Oranje tricolour has raised on the top of the Capitol Palace and the resignation of president Giramu Inejiro has led to end of 30 years of confederation, leaving mixed Christian-Buddhist majority north declared independence in the Treaty of Riviere Illinois (OTL Chicago).

Today, the Midorians are the most influential in the Federated States, whether on music, films, television including anime and dramas, video games, and other forms of entertainment, corporations, financial world, sports, and mostly politics including the two presidents of the Federated States such as Saburō Eda (1969-1977), Ryūtarō Hashimoto (1992-2001), and Henrik Veldwillems (2005-2013). Midorians are also scattered in Japan, the rest of Federated States, and other Western countries but in terms of ancestry, due to periods of European and Asian immigration in two centuries, the ethnic group which was mostly Christian was now with mixed European and Asian and Latino as well as few African ancestral backgrounds.
 
Based on Nord from Trails of Cold Steel:

Shula

Language:
Shulan, a language descended from old Scythian (according to Herodotus, the Scythians called themselves Skolotoi, from *skula), therefore Indo-European, but with a heavy Mongol influence, comparable to the influence Mongol has had on the Tuvan language. Trails of Cold Steel's Nord people look European, but their culture is based on that of Mongolia, so...

Ancestry: the deepest layer of the Shula's ancestry is Scythian but, in their voyage to the northeast (to avoid Roman/Byzantine influence at first, and Slavic/Russian influence later on) they intermarried with basically every nomadic people they came across; by the time the Mongols came knocking, their range straddled the Urals, explaining the mountainous character of Nord in-game.

Religion: Orthodox Christianity, with a heavy dose of syncretism from various pagan sources - in the game, the Nord follow the obligatory Crystal Dragon Jesus religion, but they see no contradiction between it and their ancestral ways. In this ATL, the Shula were Christianized due to their proximity to the Slavic world, but they never quite abandoned their old habits.

Culture: very Mongol, even though they're distant cousins of the Scythians - due to the common status of Scythians and Mongols as horse nomads, their assimilation of Mongol culture was probably a very quick process. In this ATL, they probably shared many of the Circassians' stereotypes, being a "white" yet culturally "exotic" people with a proud warrior streak, and many of their woes under the Tsar as well.
 
Nutkaños

(other terms include Arctic Spaniards and Nutka Hispanics)
Languages: Spanish
Religions: Catholicism, minorities include Greek Catholics and Atheists
Origin: Spanish settlement across the otl Vancouver island (or Isla Nutka). Supplemented by some French Canadians, Basques, Galicians, and Russians who comprise a small Greek Catholic minority.

sidenote: Its surprising that this is the name in Spanish since the language never really uses k
 
Rumi

The Rumi are an Iranian ethnic group that live in Rumistan and speak Rumi, the most widely spoken Iranian language. They make up a plurality of Rumistan's population, and are the largest ethnic group of the Iranian peoples, slightly edging out Persian itself. The Rumi diaspora is wide-spread, especially throughout the territories that once encompassed the Sublime Akhsarian Keisarate. It is however in the countries that encompass Franco-America where the Rumi community has been established.

Language: Rumi, sometimes referred to as Balkan or Rumi Iranian, is an Eastern Iranian language. It is a relative and likely a descendant of the extinct Scythian, Sarmatian and Alanic languages that once encompassed central Asia. It is natively spoken by the Rumi people in Rumistan and areas that were once controlled by the Akhsarian Keisars in southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. Rumi is considered an official language in the following countries due to the disproportionate influence of Rumi minorities: Cappadocia, Pontus, Galatia, Kievia, Ionia, Cilicia, Illyria, Kurdistan, Dacia, Phoenicia, Naples, Jazira, Kuwait, Missur, Carthage, etc.

In contrast to languages spoken by Muslim peoples, Rumi remained written in a modified form of the Greek script, a legacy of their then pagan Ossetian ancestors having contact with Roman missionaries; a legacy compounded by the Ossetians conquering the Roman Empire. Modern Rumi seldom borrows from Arabic and Persian, preferring to appropriate extensively from the Greek, Slavic and Latinate languages of the people they conquered and with varying degrees of success, assimilated. The standardized register of the Rumi language, Akhsari, borrowed extensively from Persian and Arabic though it has fell into disuse due to its association with the overthrown Keisars.

There are six major dialect groups of the Rumi language spoken in Rumistan: the Macedonian (Makedoni) dialect spoken west of the Vardar, the Thracian (Traki) dialect spoken to the east of the Vardar, the Arcadian (Arcadi) dialect which is spoken in the Morea and the Aegean islands, the Anatolian (Enatoli) dialect spoken west of the Sagaris, the Taurican (Tori) dialect is spoken predominately in the Taurican peninsula and the Danubian (Donari) dialect group, comprising the dialects spoken along the Danube. It is the Thracian, Arcadian and Anatolian dialects that have been most influenced by Greek; linguistic borrowings compromise up to 50% of the Rumi language. The Danubian dialects is influenced by the South Slavic dialects once predominant in the Balkans prior to the Akhsarian conquest. The Rumi of the Taurican peninsula are influenced by their Turkic ancestors who like their Ossetian counterparts took up the saddle and fled west.

Religion:

According to the World Compendium, 75% of the population in Rumistan is Muslim, four-fifths of whom adhere to the Alevi tradition. The remaining 25% are Christian; predominately Eastern Orthodox Christians and Trencavelites, the spiritual successors to the Cathars of southern France. There is also a Jewish community, predominant in Konstantintakht and Solun that numbers about a million, the descendants of Greek-speaking Byzantine Jews and those who escaped harsh religious persecution in Aragon and Portugal in the sixteenth century.

Population: 55,000,000

The Rumi originated, in part from the Ossetians who themselves were descended from the Alans, kinfolk to the Scythians and Sarmatians. Conquered by a succeeding wave of Goths and Huns, many Alans would flee westward to Europe seeking new land. A remainder of the Alans would remain in the steppes, establishing a centralized kingdom that controlled much of the Silk Road trade between Europe and Asia. They in turn were conquered by the multi-ethnic Khazars. Though they had been in contact with Christian missionaries from Georgia, Armenia and Byzantium, it was due to inter-generational marriage alliances between the Islamized Volga Bulgars and the Aurusa, a dominant clan within the Ossetians that led to the latter converting to Islam and also successfully overthrowing the Khazars.

Volga Bulgar hegemony over the steppes was short-lived; the Patzinaks would invade, destroying the Volga Bulgars. The Ossetians were forced out of their homeland. The Aurusa attempted to reassert leadership but their association with the destroyed Bulgars and exile led to their overthrow by Batras. Batras and his dynasty, the Batrasi were nomadic equestrians and fervent Muslims influenced by Roman civilization, consolidated their hold over the Ossetians and succeeded in migrating westward to what's now northern Dacia. By 1123, the Batrasi made their first incursions into the Balkans, capturing the city of Devina, their first capital. The Roman Emperor, Ioannes Kassanides led an army to recover northern Thrace but his army was decisvely defeated by Ali Amurkhan at the Battle of Adrianople. The parts of Thrace hugging the Danube would become the core of the new Ossetian homeland.

Ali Amurkhan's grandson and successor Makhamat the Conqueror who renamed the Ossetians as Rumi as a clear break from their past as pagans, as steppe nomads and to make a claim as the true successor to the Roman Empire. Whatever the case is, the following centuries would lead to the Balkans making the gradual transition from a Christian, Greco-Slavic area to a Muslim, Persianate one. The Roman Emperors sought military assistance from the West but help was barebones as the focus was on the Reconquista or the northern Crusades. The Balkans began to be referred by Europeans as Rumelia, not for the Romans but because of the Persianate Rumi.

The Batrasi would themselves be overthrown by the Akhsarians in the thirteenth century. The Akhsarians would do what the Batrasi could not: conquer Constantinople and complete their succession to the Roman legacy. The Akhsarians would rule much of southern Europe, the Russian steppes, west Asia and North Africa over the course of six hundred years. The Akhsarian Keisars would be overthrown and executed by the Zealots of Konstantintakht who proclaimed the Republic in 1809.
 
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