AHC: Form alternate/new ethnic groups of the world

And now some from my TL!

Eastern Italians

Language:
see Balkan Dialects, see Julian Linguistic Debate

Ancestry: Latin; substantial Slavic admixture

Religion: Catholic [Latin Rite]

Culture: Italia Orientis is a cultural belt extending from northern Italy, through the Ljubljana Gap, along numerous medieval trade routes through Pannonia where it breaks down to a doted line of towns and "Merchant Quarters", all the way to the Julian March. Culture within is highly varied, ranging from North Italian Colonies, to islands of surviving Empire-era Latin, to slavs who happen to speak Italian, to the Julians who many would classify as their own ethno-linguistic group. Common uniting threads are attendance to Latin-Rite Mass, Italian architecture, and a strong wine-culture.

Space: Ljubljana, Pannonia, Julian March [Transylvania]; see Italia Orientis


Carantanians

Language:
Western Carinthian Dialects (primarily Carniolan and Royal Carantanian)

Ancestry: alpine-slavic, some Pannonian Slavic as well as Italian, Croatian, and German admixture.

Religion: Catholic [Uniate]

Culture: As descendants of a hill tribe which later descended from the alps to dominate the plains of the Padan and Pannonia, Carantania is a land of striking contrasts. Beyond apartment blocks abruptly giving way to farmland, it is also a land where surveys routinely show that 70% of the population attend church at least once a week, and a similar percentage visit red-light districts on a similar basis. As a demographic they have one of the highest standards of living for residents of a country with no direct access to the Atlantic, yet popular opinion remains convinced that they are dramatically behind their European peers. As a legacy of their Mediterranean empire the populace has acquired a sweet tooth with the Kingdom's confectionaries containing far higher quantities of sugar than most counterparts on the the continent. Houses with overhangs and verandas have been in vogue since the mid 700s, with no stop in sight.

Space: East to west, Istria to Lake Balaton. North to south, Štajerska to the Dinaric Alps.


Avars

Language:
Eastern Carinthian Dialects

Ancestry: Pannonian-slavic, substantial Carantanian, old Avar, Italian (including Julian), and German admixture.

Religion: Catholic [Uniate]

Culture: In contrast to their co-nationals to the west, "Avars" as they have come to be known are often seen as the country-bumpkin of the family. Farmers and ranchers living the settler's dream on the original frontier. This stereotype is not without its basis in reality, the eastern parts of the kingdom are still largely (56% of the population) rural, and popular cultural activities include competition horse archery. However, this alone undersells a fairly cultured and innovative population, which due to its high birth rate and sparsity of local opportunities is increasingly making waves in the Carantanian portion of the kingdom.

Space: Pannonia east and south of Lake Balaton, some pockets in the Julian March.
 
Albanian Cypriots

Language:
Cyprus Albanian (Kipro-arbërisht): A Tosk dialect of Albanian with large Greek and Turkish influences

Ancestry: Descended from Albanian migrants who came to Cyprus during the period of Ottoman rule

Region: Spread throughout Cyprus in small communities and ethnic enclaves, with a substantial minority in Nicosia

Religion: Sunni Islam (~45%), Bektashi Islam (~20%), Eastern Orthodoxy (~30%), Maronite (<1%), Other (~4%)

Culture: A unique blend of Albanian, Greek, and Turkish cultures, with some elements of traditional Cypriot culture

Population: 80,000-90,000 (2017 estimate)

History: The origins of the Albanian Cypriots date all the way back to the initial Ottoman annexation of Cyprus in 1571. As the House of Osman solidified its control over the island, families were brought in from Ottoman-controlled Albania in order to increase the number of Muslims in Cyprus, offset the unruly Greek populace of the island, and help disperse the Albanian population in Ottoman territory. This contributed to the already dramatic demographic shift in Cyprus caused by the introduction of Turkish settlers. Making their new homes in relatively isolated communities dotted across the island, the Albanian diaspora in Cyprus engaged in cultural exchanges with neighboring Greek and Turkish enclaves throughout the centuries, synthesizing a unique culture with influences from all three groups. Many prominent figures in both Cypriot and Ottoman history were Albanian Cypriots; Mehmet Ali Pasha, an Albanian Cypriot commander who would go down in history as "the founder of modern Egypt," grew up in the Albanian-majority coastal community of I Kuq [Kokkina]. The status of Albanian Cypriots would remain for the most part unchanged during British rule over the island, which began in 1878. With Albania's proclamation of independence in late 1912, many Albanian Cypriots would leave the island to join the fight for Albanian independence, but Albanians remained a large community in Cyprus; some would fight later in World War I under the British flag. However, the demographic situation of Cyprus would see volatile change in the decades following World War II and British withdrawal from the region in 1960; by this point, the number of Albanian Cypriots had reached nearly 40,000, or 8% of the island's total population. Anticipating the end of British administration, the Greek majority in Cyprus (around 75% of the population) began to push for enosis, or unification with Greece; the Turkish and Albanian minorities, which saw the threat enosis could pose to their cultural identity, sought to block any unification and supported taksim: a partition of Cyprus. Eventually, when the conflict spiraled into international crisis in 1974, triggered by a Greek-backed coup in Cyprus followed by a Turkish invasion from the north, Cyprus was divided: the Republic of Cyprus would continue to exist in the south, dominated by Greek Cypriots, while Turkish and Muslim Albanian leaders would proclaim the Republic of Northern Cyprus in the northeast; the two would be divided by a UN buffer zone, which runs across the island and right through the Cypriot capital city of Nicosia. From that point on, the Albanian Cypriots would have to choose which half of the island to live in, usually determined by religious affiliation: the vast majority of Muslim Albanian Cypriots made their home in Northern Cyprus, while the Christian Albanian Cypriots would settle in the south. Nonetheless, Albanian Cypriots retain a proud, distinct identity as Cyprus's third major ethnic group, and in recent years have become the leaders in advocating reconciliation and eventual reunification of the island.
 
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Jahkitarq

The Jakitars (Jahkitarq) are one of the two indigenous peoples of Newfoundland, the other being the Beothuk (now extinct)

Region: South west Newfoundland.

Language: Hl'bonehk, of uncertain origin. Most experts consider it a linguistic isolate (but see below). It is certainly not related to the Algonquian languages. The theory, based on certain structural similarities to Inuit and some roots that might be related, that it is descended from the (unattested) language of the Dorset Culture is generally discounted

Culture and Society: Unlike the Beothuk, who were nomadic hunter gatherers, the Jahkitarq are sedentary hunters and fishermen. They are best known for the charming little figurines carved from walrus ivory, and the annual walrus hunt was an important event, providing meat, blubber and skins (for both clothing and their boats) as well as ivory. and the hunt moved further north as the walrus population shrank. It should be noted that the ethonym 'Jahkitarq' is not original. It appears to be derived from a Basque term of uncertain meaning. Contact between Jahkitarq and Basques occurred very early, from 1500 at least. What they originally called themselves is unknown.

Religion: Roman Catholicism, to which they were converted very early in the colonial era. Details of their original religion are obscure. Reports of early contact, all unscientific, show many curious parallels with Christianity, e.g. the culture hero and trickster Qriisht, who had 12 companions.

Theories of origins: Professor Mowat of McGill University, the leading expert on modern Jahkitarq, who has lived and worked among them, has put forward the theory that they are of mixed Pictish and Dorset origin. According to him, Picts from northern Scotland and the isles established bases in Iceland from which to hunt walrus, but moved west with the advent of the Norse to Greenland and the High Arctic, and finally Labrador and Newfoundland. In the High Arctic they came into contact with the Dorset Culture, traded with them and intermarried with them. Norse occupation of Iceland and Greenland early cut them off from further contact with Europe. This theory has not generally been accepted but appeared to receive striking confirmation in 2012 when an analysis of Jahkitarq DNA showed that genes inherited through the male Y chromosome had 80% correspondence with people in North East Scotland. Another survey in 2017 produced similar results. It appears that the Jahkitarq should properly be categorised as 'Metis' of ancient origin, and a possible answer to the language conundrum is that it was originally a mixed language of Pictish and Dorset - impossible to prove since neither off the proposed sources are actually attested.

Population: 3,218 according to the latest census. Of these approx. 800 can still speak Hl'bonehk, nearly all over 50.
 
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New Vinlanders

Language:
New Vinlandic, an Insular Nordic language using Danish as a base with significant Norwegian, Icelandic and Portuguese and some Swedish influences, as well as Portuguese as a second language
Ancestry: Catholic dissidents mostly from Denmark-Norway as well as some from Sweden seeking refuge after the events of the Reformation in their homeland
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic. Unlike their nominally Lutheran but secular brethren in Scandinavia, New Vinlanders tend to be very religious and view their Catholicity as part of their identity.
Culture: A mix of Scandinavian customs with rediscovered Viking and Native American traditions, with some significant Portuguese influences
History: As the Protestant Reformation raged in Scandinavia in the 1530s, the Portuguese King Manuel I (a different guy from the OTL Manuel I, as the ATL offspring of an alternate King Afonso VI) invited Catholic dissidents from all over Scandinavia to settle in the newly colonized island of Bacalhau, which was given to João Álvares Fagundes (who lives 15 more years as the first governor of the island) earlier in 1521 after its past discovery in 1501 by Gaspar Corte-Real due to its past historical ties with the Viking colonization of Vinland, as well as to help assist the Portuguese colonists to adapt to the island's natural environment. From there, the new Nordic Catholic settlers live side by side with their Portuguese neighbors and made significant contributions to the island with a revitalized Viking settler mentality. The new settlers were, for the most part fishermen who play a vital role in catching cod in the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, as well as sailors and shipbuilders for the Portuguese Navy. There were some attempts of Lusification during the Estado Novo period, but to this day due to mass communication, the New Vinlanders are partially assimilated to the dominant Portuguese culture, but still keep their traditions and language with a high degree of autonomy.
Space: ~125,000 people, exclusively in the island of Bacalhau (OTL Newfoundland), an autonomous region of the Kingdom of Portugal, making up roughly a quarter of the island's population. Intermarriages between the New Vinlanders and the Portuguese are not uncommon.
 
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Southern Kalmyks

Population: 987,000

Language: Persian

Region: Iranian Kurdistan, South Eastern Iran

Religion: 100% Twelver Shiism

History: Iranian Mongolians have their history since the Middle Ages. Although the Mongols of the Ilkhanate have vanished by assimilating in the dominant Persian and Turkish cultures. The second wave started as Oirats/Kalmyks, Tengri and Buddhist alike migrated South to the mountains around Kerman. The Shah granted them lands in exchange for their conversion. The Kalmyks of Persia were about 80,000 big. Conversion of the Kalmyks to Twelver Shiism took two decades and by the mid 17th century, half the population was settled in Iranian Kurdistan to fend off attacks of Sunni Kurdish Tribes from the Ottoman Empire. Ever since, the two groups were one yet different. The Western Kalmyks were intermarrying Kurds and Qasqhai Turks while the Southern Kalmyks were largerly intermarrying Persians, creating two different looking Kalmyk population. Between their arrival in thr 1580s and the end of Qajar Rule for a Republic of Iran in 1925, these Kalmyks were largely militarily used. Between 1925-2015, the generations were largely assimilated to the dominant Persian culture. As of 2015, only 5,8% spoke Kalmyk Mongolian languages as mothertongue while the vast majority spoke Persian. It is estimated that Kalmyk Language is expected to go extinct in the 21st century. Except for their facial apperiance there isn't much difference with the Native Persians and the Iranian Kalmyks.

Ooc: Kalmyks leave for Persia rather than Russia
 

jocay

Banned
Kenais/Kentien

Language:
Kenais, a Romance language that had evolved from Britannic Romance, the spoken language of the Romanized inhabitants of Britain and is the only surviving member; dialects relating to it having been supplanted elsewhere by Norse, Anglo-Saxon and Welsh in eastern and northern Britain. Kenais has also been influenced by the (Celtic) Old Brythonic and the (Germanic) language of their Frankish rulers and neighboring Anglo-Saxon peoples.

Ancestry: Like their neighbors, the Kenais are descended from the old pre-Celtic inhabitants of Britain though there has been varying degrees of admixture from continental Europe. They proudly identify themselves as the last remnant of Roman civilization in Britain.

Religion: Catholic

Culture: Latinate

Region:
Republic of Kent (compromises the counties of Kent, Surrey, East and West Sussex, and all of OTL greater London south of the River Thames)

Brief History: After the collapse of Roman authority in Britain circa 410, Kent emerged as an independent kingdom in its own right, ruled by the Corangonites, a line of Romanized magistrates who initially aligned themselves with the Britannic warlord Vortigerno. The Corangonites immediately changed allegiances to the Merovingian Franks from continental Europe starting with Clodio I after Vortigern sought to cede Kent to Anglo-Saxon mercenary duo Hengist and Horsa in exchange for protection from raiders from Hibernia and the north. The combined might of the Franco-Kenais army would crush the Anglo-Saxon invaders at the battle of Dubris in 452 but Frankish assistance came at a heavy cost: Kent would lose its independence and become part of the Frankish kingdom.

Decades later Clodio's descendant Chlothar would inherit Kent, northern Gaul and Aquitane after his father Clovis' passing. Instead of involving himself in needless and likely unwinnable wars against his brothers, he would cede his southern territories to his brothers in exchange for conquests in Britain; he subjugated most of the Anglo-Saxon and Celtic kingdoms in southeastern Britain. Further conquests would be followed by his successors until the island was under varying degrees of Frankish hegemony. However due to the nature of Frankish successor law, political division and civil war was too common.

The Romance people of Kent would break free around the 1100s, declaring independence as a republic under the Pope's protection.
 
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Aphrikuas

Language: Quechua, Spanish

Culture: Quechua

Region: Tawantinsuyu

Ancestry: Mixed black African/Quechua

History: Despite avoiding Spanish conquest and the heavy use of quarantines, the Tawantinsuyu were wracked with disease following Spanish contact. In a bid to boost their population and fulfill certain vital labor needs, Sapa Inka Pachakutiq II, son of Sapa Inka Atahualpa II, began the program of purchasing African slaves from European powers. By 1806, nearly 100,000 African slaves, primarily from the Portuguese and later British ships, but also some from Spain were purchased. These slaves were treated nigh identically to conquered people’s through the Incan assimilation system; they were married Quechua spouses, adopted Quechua language and were spread throughout the Empire. The largest populations were concentrated in the lowlands of the north, where the greatest depopulation had occurred through disease and conquistador raids—which were especially harmful as they broke quarantine. The position of the government of the Tawantinsuyu is that the slaves were freed, but this conclusion is debated due to the fact that despite being treated like other citizens, at the time there was very little actual freedom available to a subject of the Sapa Inka. The position of the Tawantinsuyu Communist Party is that every common citizen was a slave.

Rather rapidly on cultural terms, the descendants of the (debatably former) slaves were integrated fully into Quechua culture.
 
Teranóvan
Language:
Venetian (Large majority, official), Italian, French, English (Minorities).
Ancestry: Venetian settlers between the 1520s and 1790s.
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Culture: Venetian traditions remain ingrained in Teranóvan culture, with a strong relation to the sea and fishing.
Region: Island of Teranóva, Canada (OTL Neefoundland), small communities in other maritime provinces of Canada.
Appearance: Mediterranean, albeit with lighter skin.

In 1522, while working for the Council of the Indies, Genoese explorer Sebastian Cabot, son of John Cabot, approached the Republic of Venice with the idea of leading an expedition of the northwest passage to China. Cabot hoped his lifelong goal of discovering a passage could be fulfilled there, since his expedition bore no fruit under English guidance. While Venice accepted the potentially lucrative expedition, Cabot found it impossible to traverse the icy waters of northern Canada and was forced to turn away. On the return journey, Sebastian surveyed the island of Teranóva, which had been discovered by his father. His crew found that the island was home to lots of wildlife valued for their furs by the natives. Bringing valuable furs such as beaver and otter back to the Oligarchs of Venice, the Council of Ten approved another voyage in 1524 to establish a trading post. The single trading post evolved into the city of St. Mark's and a number of trading posts that granted Venice a monopoly on the islands for trade. This allowed them to deny access to more English settlers, most of whom lived there prior to Venetian arrival The population of the Venetian colony boomed, with hunters coming for furs and already renowned Venetian fisherman coming to reap the grand banks. The European population quickly surpassed the Beothuk natives and they became forced into slavery, most on the island but somewhat back in the Mediterranean. The colony existed as a constituency of the Republic and the Stato Da Mar until Napoleon's conquest of Venice when it was incorporated into his new French Empire. Upon Napoleon's defeat, the colony became part of the British Empire and eventually a province of Canada.
 
Suldas
Language:
Indienne-Français (a local dialect of French), Dakhani, Tamil, and Telugu
Ancestry: South Indian, French and various other European ethnicities, Sinhalese
Religion: Mostly Roman Catholicism, small Hindu, Muslim, Huguenot, and Buddhist minorities
Culture: Franco-Indian
Region: Madras, Kandy, Ceylon, the Carnatic, Mysore, and the rest of South India, Louisiana, Canada, and Australie

After France’s final victory over the English in India in 1795, shortly after the Great European War, which ended in 1790, as well as their seizure of Madras in 1759 and Tanjore in 1769, more and more French citizens began settling in the Indian colonies. These colonists, mostly soldiers and farmers, established posts in Madras, Tanjore, the Northern Circars, and Ceylon.These settlers married with local women and procreated. Their children often seemed jobs in the military and other such forms of work, and thus, were known as Suldas, a creole form of the French word for soldier, ‘soldat’. Most Suldas were discriminated against by both the French and the locals, much like the Anglo-Indians of our timeline, however, the Suldas still received preferential treatment by the French over the natives, again, much like the Anglo-Indians of OTL. Today, the Suldas are a minority in the South, with some of them having chosen to stay in India, while some of them chose to move to the French colonies of Louisiana, Canada, and Australie
Sulda culture is a unique blend of South Indian and French culture. Sulda traditional music uses French lyrics and South Indian classical harmonies and melodies, while Sulda food is a blend of French and South Indian traditional cuisines. Sulda food, in fact, is incredibly popular in Madras, often served as ‘French’ cuisine. While Roman Catholicism is the main religion among Suldas, there are several Huguenot and even a few Hindu and Muslim Suldas.
The Suldas themselves have their own class system, with those with mostly the blood of upper-class Europeans and Indians of the priest and soldier classes getting preferential treatment, while those who come from either poorer Indian and/or European backgrounds and those who are not from European backgrounds, but rather converted to Catholicism and adopted French culture are shunned.
Most Suldas, much like their cousins, the Burghers of Ceylon, are in fact not only descended from the French but a variety of European peoples, including the Germans, the Portuguese, and the Spanish.
 
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jocay

Banned
Mélakhoroi/Melachorians

Language:
Melachorian belongs to the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European language family. It originated in the Iteroi [1] Delta near the capital Mephis [2]. Melachorian evolved from the pre-Doric Hellenic dialects brought to Melachoria [3] during the thirteenth century BCE subjugation that destroyed and subsumed the Khemian civilization [4]. The Melachorian language is highly influenced by the Khemian language which was the language spoken prior to the Achaean invasion.

Compared to other Hellenic languages, the closest relative of Melachorian is the Philistian [5] language, spoken east of the Erythraean Sea [6]. It has grammatical and lexical similarities with Sicelian [7], Rhodanian [8], Leukanian [9] and Kalathousian [10] with a high phonological similarity with Kalathousian in particular; it is however not mutually intelligible with them to any practical extent.

Ancestry: The archaeological record shows there were some distinct differences between the populations of Tasemia [11] and Temeia [12], ascertained from skeletal remains. When the Tasemians and Temeians were united under the Khemian Kingdom, distinctions had blurred to the point that there was a more or less homogeneous population but minor differences are noted even amongst the Melachorians. Genetic analysis of Melachorians reveal that despite an important genetic contribution from the Achaean invaders, they are more or less indistinguishable from the ancient Khemians.

Religion: The Melachorians are predominately worshippers of Thothism [13], an ancient religious tradition said to date back to the Khemian civilization. It emphasizes order and harmony as opposed to discord, personified in the evil deity Isphetis [14].

Region: Melachoria [15]

Appearance: Mediterranean. The Melachorians of Tasemia are darker than their counterparts in Temeians but minute differences are nothing. They're one people.

Culture: Mycenaean Greeks superimposed over the charred remains of Ancient Egypt and add over three thousand years of change.
_______
[1] The Nile, derived from Iteru meaning "river."
[2] Memphis
[3] Similar in meaning to Kemet meaning "black land."
[4] Ancient Egypt
[5] The famed Philistines from the Bible are confirmed to have been partially Greek. In this timeline, the Hebrews and other Canaanites are defeated and subsumed into the Philistines.
[6] Red Sea.
[7] A Hellenic language spoken in Sicily.
[8] A Hellenic language spoken in southern France.
[9] A Hellenic language spoken in eastern Spain.
[10] A Hellenic language spoken in southern Portugal.
[11] Upper Egypt, derived from Ta-Sheme'aw meaning "sedgeland."
[12] Lower Egypt, derived from Ta-Mehew meaning "northland."
[13] What if Taoism but developed in ancient Egypt? I understand that Ma'at was the order goddess but the sexist Greeks decided to transfer her attributes to her consort Thot. There are also much minor deities on both sides, similar to the roles of the ahuras and daevas of ancient Iran.
[14] Isfet is a pre-existing chaos goddess from ancient Egypt. There's almost certainly a chance of a religion centered around her. Think of how Satanism is seen as a counter to Christianity.
[15] Egypt
 
Kantemurids

Location: Dobruja

Population: 467,150 (2011) in Dobruja

Language: majority Russian, minority Romanian, Kypchak Turkish, Rumelian Turkish and Bulgarian

Origin: Crimean Tatar, Nogai, Cossack, Romanian, Gagauz and others (German etc)

Religion: 60,2% Eastern Orthodox; 25,4% no religion; 10,2% Sunni Islam; 3,2% no answer; 1% Others (Catholic, Evangelist etc)

History: Kantemurids have their name from Crimean Tatars and Nogais who swore fealty to the Moldavian Prince Kantemir, who is of Tatar origin. Prince Kantemir pursued the Western Tatars to join him and settle in Bessarabia. To secure their loyalty, the Tatars were baptised en masse near Chotyn distinct them from the Sunni Muslims of the Crimean Tatars. In a period of 50 years, more Tatars joined, the later Tatars somewhat remaining Islamic. As of 1876, 76% was Eastern Orthodox, 21% Sunni and the remainder three were Roman Catholic, influenced by the Austrians in the the middle of the 18th century. Later arrival of Cossacks, German Adventurers and Hungarians created a more mixed population. Later Circassian arrival added more origins to the Kypchak Kantemurids. These Tatars were loyal to the Romanian Princes only. Not to the Russian Czar, the Turkish Sultan or the Austrian Emperor. The Phanariot period in the Principalities were met with hostility and faces open threats. Neither the Ottomans nor the Russians could pacify the region until 1829 when the Russians occupied Moldova and Wallachia with 150,000 troops. While certain attempts were made to tie them to Russia, Russification processes from 1833 to 1876 alienated them to the point that they were invited to the Ottoman Empire by Midhat Pasha in hope to counter Bulgarian Nationalism. Being settled in Dobruja by 1876 the Kantemurids had lost military value and worked as peasants or fishermen on the Black Sea Coast, remaining firmly to their Eastern Orthodox faith while developing sympathy to the local Turkish population. In 1918, Dobruja declared independence from Bulgaria only to be annexed by Romania where the Locals prefered Romanian rule over Bulgarian Rule. A Communist Coup in 1949 in Romania changed their fortunes to the worse. Between 1949-1989, a period of 40 years, State Secularism pressured these group in declining religiosity. Being the most religious group in 1949 to the least in the Balkans by 1999. Eastern Orthodoxy declined from 75% to 60%, Sunni Islam declined from 20% to 10%, Catholics being largely non existent. Certain research have pointed out that Political influence in the Cold War changed their favor of religiosity to Ethnic Nationalism.
 
Kantemurids

Location: Dobruja

Population: 467,150 (2011) in Dobruja

Language: majority Russian, minority Romanian, Kypchak Turkish, Rumelian Turkish and Bulgarian

Origin: Crimean Tatar, Nogai, Cossack, Romanian, Gagauz and others (German etc)

Religion: 60,2% Eastern Orthodox; 25,4% no religion; 10,2% Sunni Islam; 3,2% no answer; 1% Others (Catholic, Evangelist etc)

History: Kantemurids have their name from Crimean Tatars and Nogais who swore fealty to the Moldavian Prince Kantemir, who is of Tatar origin. Prince Kantemir pursued the Western Tatars to join him and settle in Bessarabia. To secure their loyalty, the Tatars were baptised en masse near Chotyn distinct them from the Sunni Muslims of the Crimean Tatars. In a period of 50 years, more Tatars joined, the later Tatars somewhat remaining Islamic. As of 1876, 76% was Eastern Orthodox, 21% Sunni and the remainder three were Roman Catholic, influenced by the Austrians in the the middle of the 18th century. Later arrival of Cossacks, German Adventurers and Hungarians created a more mixed population. Later Circassian arrival added more origins to the Kypchak Kantemurids. These Tatars were loyal to the Romanian Princes only. Not to the Russian Czar, the Turkish Sultan or the Austrian Emperor. The Phanariot period in the Principalities were met with hostility and faces open threats. Neither the Ottomans nor the Russians could pacify the region until 1829 when the Russians occupied Moldova and Wallachia with 150,000 troops. While certain attempts were made to tie them to Russia, Russification processes from 1833 to 1876 alienated them to the point that they were invited to the Ottoman Empire by Midhat Pasha in hope to counter Bulgarian Nationalism. Being settled in Dobruja by 1876 the Kantemurids had lost military value and worked as peasants or fishermen on the Black Sea Coast, remaining firmly to their Eastern Orthodox faith while developing sympathy to the local Turkish population. In 1918, Dobruja declared independence from Bulgaria only to be annexed by Romania where the Locals prefered Romanian rule over Bulgarian Rule. A Communist Coup in 1949 in Romania changed their fortunes to the worse. Between 1949-1989, a period of 40 years, State Secularism pressured these group in declining religiosity. Being the most religious group in 1949 to the least in the Balkans by 1999. Eastern Orthodoxy declined from 75% to 60%, Sunni Islam declined from 20% to 10%, Catholics being largely non existent. Certain research have pointed out that Political influence in the Cold War changed their favor of religiosity to Ethnic Nationalism.
Interesting idea, but several things don't make any sense.
1. Why do they mostly speak Russian? It should be Tatar or at least Romanian. Russification in the Russian Empire should not have been effective in changing their language.
2. Unless the history of the Ottoman Empire was very different, Dobrudja was mostly Muslim, so why would the Ottomans invite a mostly Orthodox Christian people who are likely to sympathize with the Bulgarians to dilute that? Also seems very unlikely that however overbearing the Russians were, Orthodox Christians would want to immigrate to the Ottoman Empire. In OTL the population movement was in the opposite direction. This included the Turkish speaking Gagauz. And as known converts from Islam to Christianity the Kantemurids would not have been looked kindly upon by the Ottomans.
3. Why was (presumably) the whole of Dobrudja given to Bulgaria when most of the population is pro-Romanian. Even in OTL, Northern Dobruja was given to Romania to compensate them for the loss of Bessarabia.
 
Radiesjans
Location:
Republic of Radesja, mainly the urban regions of Saalsborie, Bolawajo and environs
Population: 250 000 +/-
Origin:
A mix of Anglo, Afrikaans, Greek and Portuguese settlers in Rhodesia
Religion: Reformed Church, Anglican Church of Radiesja, Greek Orthodox of Alexandria, Roman Catholic
History: The population of Rhodesia somehow gets under strong Afrikaans influence; to such extent that the Radiesjan language does not use English but rather Afrikaans spelling. Interestingly enough, while the plurality of the European-descended population are Anglos, they would drop the old English spelling and adopt the Afrikaans one.
During the decolonization, the Radiesjans declared independence (Uinlateral Deklareisjion af Independens), with president Aien Smed.
The Bush War (Basj Oore) was concluded by the federalization of the country, with Zimbabwe (Radiesjan spelling Zambabue) being idivided into the states of Matabeland, Masjoenaland and Radiesja, itslef being comprised of a handful of disconnected cantons.

Nowadays, the Radiesjan cantons are the prospering part of Zimbabwe, with its main exports being agricultural products. Security remains a very important issue in the Radiesjan with veteran units from the Bush War patrolling the localities to prevent farm attacks.
 
Pannonian-Tatars

Population:
10,946,768

Region: Transylvania, Banate and Vojvodina

Language: Hungarian, Romanian & Kypchak Turkish

Religion: Sunni Islam 95%, Others 5%

History:
The history of the Pannonian Tatars are as early as 900 AD when Muslim Pechenegs and Kypchaks settle in the the Pannonian Basin. Living on the edge of Hungary, Christianization was avoided. The numbers of the early Turks were very low, numbering no more than 30,000 from Wallachia to Poland. As Nomads, they kept contact as far as Bolghar on the Volga. Suspicision by the Hungarians declined as the Turks fought against Mongol invaders in Transylvania, earning the right to practice their religion, which was new for Hungary with regards to Muslim subjects (not including Berber merchenaries). From 1100-1500 AD, the Turks of the Pannonian Basin grew from 30,000 to 400,000 in all of Hungary. The religious liberties lasted until the extinction of the Arpad Dynasty. The French and German dynasties following were more opressive though not successful. The Jagiellon Dynasty offered once again limited liberties. The real development started as the Ottomans reached the plans of Hungary and annihilated the Hungarian Army. The Pannonian Turks arrived late on the battlefield and later swore loyalty to king John I of Hungary. From this point on, the Panonnian Turks were assimilating linguistically to the Hungarian and Romanian locals. Post-Mohacs, Hungary turned stable under the Zapolya dynasty until 1637 when King Stephen VI died in the battle of Sadowa, in Bohemia. The Kingdom of Hungary got divided in a central Kingdom with three granduchies (Banate, Nitra & Transylvania). During the collapse of the Royal authority, the population was largely Romanized and Magyarized and reached 1,1 million as there were Ottoman Turkish and Crimean Tatars who joined as well as a very high fertility rate (9,6 per women) and in lesser numbers getting Catholic, Orthodox or Unitarian converts to join them. By 1700, 1800 and 1900, population reached as much as 1,7 million; 2,1 million and 3,9 million. In the era of division, Romanized Tatars decided to keep Transylvania independent while the Banate was divided between Hungary and Transylvania. Today, the Magyarized Tatars remain in Hungary forming 33% of the population while the Romanized Tatars form 66% of Transylvania.
 
Japnolese

POD :
Kublai Khan’s naval invasion of Japan is successful and the land of the rising sun becomes part of the Mongol empire for a time

Population: 29,875,445

Ancestry:
genetic research indicates equal parts Japanese and Mongol ancestry

Language: Japlomsia dialects , hybrid languages that originate from the Japanese language but were heavily by the Mongolian tongues. Most speak a standardised version

Religion: Shinto with heavy shamanic influences. A significant minority is Buddhist

Culture : Heavily influenced by Japanese culture which is especially seen in their art and writing but retain a distinctly mongol/Turkic identity in their buildings and lifestyles.

Region: Southern Japan with significant diasporas in mainland China, Portugal and the western coast of America
 
Caucasus Goths

During the Age of Migrations larger groups of Goths migrated not only to Crimea but also to the Caucasus Mountains, where they settled in shattered village-communities and farms. During the cause of the centuries the Goths had been one of the many peoples of the Caucasus, possibly even founded small polities. They had the reputation of a warlike people, which produced mercenaries. Among Georgian, Circassian and Vainakh people, the Goths were known for their strange language. Still, they adapted the cultural customs of other Caucasus people.
In the 18th Century Russian and German travellers noticed the presence of the Goths and tried to write down their language. Some linguist tried to compare samples of the language to the Wulfila Bible. German poets later produced romantic works like ,Requiem of the lost tribes of the Germanics'.
Allegedly one prince of the Caucasus Goths seemed to have been named Theodemir, as old scriptures reveal.
Also Arabic,Persian and Turkish travellers described the Caucasus Goths. Allegedly some of them had been spotted in places as far as Istanbul, Mesopotamia and Syria.
A Persian traveller described the Caucasus Goths as Al-Ruwina, which means someting like ,those who create runes'. Some Goths had been taken as slaves during Tatar raids and sold on the Crimean Peninsula.

Language: Apperently a relict Gothic dialect

Ancestry: Migrating Gothic people. Also intermixing with other peoples

Religion: Desputed. Some say Arianism at leat originally, later also Orthodox. After Persian and Turkish influences Goths also appear to have converted to Islam.

Culture: Adapted to the cultures of other Caucasus peoples. Had its very specific Gothic touch.

Region: Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Black Sea area.
 
Agioccitans

POD
: Rather than ending in complete failure Louis’ Seventh Crusade meets limited success and establishes a Crusader State in Lower Egypt. However it is short lived and ultimately retaken by the Mamluks but not before leaving a significant French population most of which came from Occita. The Agiocctians now comprise a substantial minority of 20% in Egypt’s Mediterranean coast areas.

Population: 4,890,678

Language
: Fransoarabic (Arabic/French hybrid)

Ancestry : French, Arab, Amazigh and Italian

Religion: Originally Catholics but eventually mostly converted to Orthodox Christianity or Sunni Islam (65% Muslims, 30% Orthodox and 5% Catholic)

Culture: Occitan French but with immense Arab and Islamic influence

Region : OTL Lower Egypt and Libya




Xenoirquo

POD : Zheng He’s expedition lands in Somali and establishes several trading outposts which eventually grow into a patch of city states subservient to China and mixes with the locals. Eventually they secede and unite into a single nation that comes to encompass the African Horn and parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan forming the Zenfie Republic

Population: 19,673,231

Language: Zer’gia , a watered down Chinese dialect with a large number of Arabic and Ahmaric and Somali loan words

Ancestry: Chinese, Somali and Eritrean. Much taller than Asians but shorter than most Africans , retain most of their Asian facial features but with immensely darkened skin.

Religion: 53% Islam with heavy Chinese influence, 39% Orthodox Christians and 8% other

Culture: Chinese but hybridised with Somali , Arabian and Ethiopian influences

Region : OTL Somali, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan. Significant diasporas in the Arabian peninsula and Egypt as well as America
 
Kaihosadoreis [1][2]
  • Ancestry - Enslaved africans [3] brought over and sold by French and Portuguese missionaries to Kyushu, mixed in with native Japanese.
  • History - Throughout the late 1500's to the 1600's, port cities in Kyushu and Shikoku became a trading hub with the outside world, such as with Europe. Sadly, among the goods traded were black slaves; its estimated between 75,000 and 900,000 slaves were imported and sold, used as cheap labour on rice farms by the shogunates, though they were allowed to be free, and many even joined the samurai class; on that matter, many japanese thought the africans were the Buddha incarnate, and were outraged at them being enslaved [4]. Throughout japanese history nevertheless, the kaihosadoreis faced much prejudice from the majority Yamato Japanese, widely viewed as unruly foreigners, even to the point genocides were common up into the Imperial Japan era, and many communities during more nationalistic times were often subject to violent forced conversions to buddhism. Even today, kaihosadorei communities in Japanese face much discrimination, with housing and pay being big issues for them. Nevertheless, kaihosadoreis have contributed much to japanese culture much like their african-american cousins, the biggest being textiles and cuisine, introducing new strains of weaving and rice to Japan. Also of note are literature and manga and anime come the late 20th-21st century.
  • Population - 89,628-230,527
  • Language - Japanese Yoruba, Japanese Malagasy, Japanese and Kuroese (a creole language of Japanese with heavy yoruba and malgasy influences); some english and Spanish speakers are known
  • Religion - 37.8 Buddhism and 33% Shinto, 25.6% Orisism (a creole religion mixing orisha and malagasy beliefs with those of shintoism). Christianity, islam, and ainu shamanism make up the remainder.
  • Regions - Japan, with the largest communities in Kyushu, Shikoku, and southeastern Honshu, as well as a good chunk in the Ryukyu islands, particularly Okinawa. Several minorities exist within China and South Korea, the US, Canada, and western Europe, usually integrated into the general black community.
[1] From a contractive form of the japannese word for Freed Slave, 解放された 奴隷 (Kaihō sa reta dorei)
[2] Alternate names include
[3] Specifically Highland Malagasy, Yoruba, Igbo, and Swahili
[4] This may have played a part in Sakoku, at least with Europe, happening earlier then it would have

EDIT: Took @Revachah's comments.
 
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Vandal

  • Ancestry: Germanic tribes migrating to North Africa and mixing with the Latin and Punic populace
  • History: The Vandals are believed to have originated in modern-day Poland, and migrated through central and western Europe until they ended in North Africa and founded Vandalia. The Vandal conquerors were well accepted by the Latin and Punic populace and intermingling between ethnic groups became commonplace very quickly. During the Islamic Conquests, many Vandals fought in defense of Egypt for the Byzantine Empire leading to the modern diaspora of vandals throughout the Middle East.
  • Population: 43.3 Million
  • Language: 86% Vandal, 12% Arabic, 2% Other. The Vandal language is a Romance language with heavy influence from Punic.
  • Religion: 75% Arian Christianity, 25% Arabic
  • Regions: North Africa, Egypt, Levant
 
French Canadians in Texas (Franco-Canadiens en Texas)
Language: French, Spanish, and English.
Ancestry: French and French Canadian (Both Acadians and Quebecois).
Religion: Roman Catholic with some being Atheists, Agnostics, and Protestants.
Culture: Acadian, French, Quebecois, Texan, and Southern culture.
Region: Southeastern Texas near Louisiana.

The Mexican government is wanting settlers to come and populate Texas to protect it from uprisings from hostile Indigenous tribes and in our timeline the Mexican government invited Anglo-Americans to settle land in Texas if they learned Spanish and converted to Catholicism. But in a alternate timeline the Mexican government invites French and French Canadian settlers from Canada, Louisiana, and France as well as Anglo American settlers from the United States to go populate Texas with settlers to protect Northern Mexico from an uprising from Indigenous tribes such as the Comanche.

Protestant Anglo American settlement in Texas would be banned by the Mexican government because the Anglo Americans weren't willing to assimilate to their culture because they kept on being Protestants and continued to speak English and refusing to learn and speak Spanish. But French and French Canadian settlement in Texas would still be allowed because they were Catholic and even though some of the French and French Canadian settlers might not assimilate like the Anglo Americans would the Mexican government may discourage future French and French Canadian settlement or even tolerate some of the differences the French and French Canadians had such as speaking French instead of Spanish.
 
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