Note: This will be updated as Chapters are released on the actual site
New Years Eve 1775, 4:00 A.M. Washington and his troops awoke before the crack of dawn. They only had one hope: to capture Quebec and Montreal. He had already sent an envoy with Benedict Arnold to spy out the city. He hoped to surprise the British on the banks of Montreal rather than Quebec.
His concern was minimal, except Arnold had not return. In British Canada, that meant you're dead. His army marched over the cold Canadian soil. Washington found a hill. He checked his pocket watch: 5:17 A.M. He marched up the bluff
Quebec was bright that morning… with fire. The city was burning. Most odd of all- a version of the American Flag was flying over the burning city.
In face of the chaos below, Washington asked one question- “What happened here?”
December 30th, 1775 11:15 P.M. Benedict Arnold was the lieutenant tasked with scouting out Quebec. He was a military hero in America, eclipsed only by Washington himself. However, he had made a sly move in his attempt to get power.
“Mr. Baptiste, a pleasure to meet with you.” Arnold had an ally. Jean Baptiste was his wife’s second cousin, and a local Quebecois Leader
“Mr. Arnold, my apologies, I am no good at small talk. What do you Americans want?” Baptiste was not one for midnight meetings.
“Mr. Washington has his army ready to invade. They cannot take the city. If you burn the city, the British will be forced to Britain to resupply which means America can defend herself, but Quebec could join the fight. They’re closest base would be Bermuda!”
Jean’s face grew in excitement. “I accept, on a few conditions.”
“Of course, what might they be?”
“Quebec is a state or several states. We can speak French and have seats in your Continental Congress. Finally, we rebuild Quebec with a fort and get an alliance with France.”
“I wouldn’t have it any other way.”
That night, local leader Jean Baptiste would get his neighbors and others to start burning bits of the town. Other leaders also met with Arnold. The city was entirely in flames by 3:00, the few British guards awake subdued, and the British chased out of the city.
As for Arnold, he rode ahead to Montreal to alert them of the British being chased out of the city. Montreal was quickly taken and armed, and Arnold was killed in the crossfire that also wiped a majority of Britain’s sleepiest army. He would be called, “The Father of French Canada.”
That morning, Washington saw what Arnold's journals called, ‘Sleepy flames’ in action. Washington took advantage. Britain had lost essential supplies, but where not defeated. It would be six months until they returned. Six months to arm Manhattan.
Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin sat in a room, with a monumental task before them.
Franklin broke the silence. “Whats the fanciest way to say, 'We are declaring independence from the bully that is Britain'?'”
Adams made a joke, “Is their?”
The ever poetic Jefferson spoke, as if quoting: “In the Congress of the 13 British colonies, upon the Atlantic Coast of North America, as well as the people therein and the people of the province of Quebec, in response the the grievances imposed by the King of England, by unjust means, do hereby formally separate themselves and form the United States of America.”
Franklin picked up a pen.
Jefferson continued, “For in the course of human events, it should on occasion, due to repeated offense of civil liberties, dissolve the bounds of government and forge anew. For all men are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, among these are life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. Upon the end of conflict, a government we shall form. Until such time, we see it not needed to state the long list of offenses, but do pledge our redemption from them with our divine honor.”
Franklin and Adams clapped.
Europe would be home to some major decisions in the first months of the war.
Britain's decision was the most important. While Whigs in Parliament wanted peace, the Tories wanted war. Tories won out, and continued the war.
France wanted vengeance from the Seven years war. If Britain could be harmed severely, France would be satisfied.
Spain was in a confusing situation. No one liked Britain, yet British colonists had no care for international borders and would be camping out in Florida quickly. Ultimately, Spain created the first three way war in modern history.
The Holy Roman Empire could not make the decision it wanted. Although they wanted to help the Americans (and get a piece of the New World.) it was collapsing in slow motion.
Finally there was Portugal. It was pro-British, anti-Spanish, yet would be joining the losing end of a war. Although voices yelled to not get involved, they joined against Spain but not Britain. This was an effective three way war, Spain v. Britain v. America, France, the Netherlands, and Portugal (only fighting Britain.) May the battles begin.
George Washington was hoping to have the element of surprise over New Orleans. He knew his American nation would desire the Louisiana region, best just to get it now, he thought.
As he reached New Orleans in the dead of night, he made his famous crossing of the Mississippi. On July 4th, 1776, he invaded the French quarter, where he picked up troops. By July 5th, the city was fallen.
A messenger rode to Washington. Baton Rouge had surrendered without a fight. Henry Knox spoke.
“We lost 50 men in the battle. I suggest I led an assault into Florida, say I attack Mobile, Pensacola, and Tallahassee, while you take Galveston, San Antonio, and Monterrey. Then you take Veracruz and I take Tampa. From there we lead an attack on Havana. What do you say?”
“Seems good. Lets do it.”
A surprise military victory gave Washington an advantage. When the Redcoats marched to Montreal, they left behind ships. Of course, Washington took the ships. He knew that help from France was soon to come, but until then, he needed to defend key American cities, chiefest of these being New York. He built a base on Staten Island known as Ft. Benedict Arnold. He also centered the seven of eight captured ships in New York harbor, sending the eighth to New England for shipbuilding. Defenses were built on Long Island, Manhattan, the New Jersey coast, all with Arnold (as locals called it) at the head.
Many other cities were considered crucial. Philadelphia, Boston, Quebec, Charleston, Williamsburg, and Wilmington were all considered crucial. Barracks went up fast, especially in the South and New England where everyone wanted independence. Even a few loyalist caught on to independence when (drum roll please) France, the Netherlands, and Portugal all decided the rebels where a cause worth helping. In addition, even though not willing to directly get involved, Prussia, Austria, and Bohemia all wanted to send supplies. This led to Spain, who felt threatened, fought against Americans and the British. Suddenly, the American Revolution turned into a Seven Years War do-over, with fighting in Florida, Louisiana, and Northern Spain all ensuing.
In the Battle of Caracas, Most of Eastern South America fell into the hands of the Dutch, Portuguese, and French (combined with German and American forces, became the Allied Powers)
France made a mighty move in Europe. A group of troops from Lyon attacked and laid siege to Barcelona in hopes of taking the city. They did. This led to Spain keeping troops from the New World in a hopeless defense when Portugal fought Spain. Mexicans in the New World mostly felt abuse, and fought back.
Speaking of the New World, Washington was using everything to his advantage. He had beautifully defended his cities, with the only place Brits made landfall where in Portland, Massachusetts and Florida. However, will French and Dutchmen defended Savannah, Washington and his new best bud, Henry Knox, led a two part attack on Florida, Louisiana, and Mexico. With a ethnically diverse army, he attacked New Orleans on July 4th, 1776. On July 5th, the city fell. Knox went East, taking Mobile, Pensacola, Tampa, and Ft. Lauderdale in July and August, while Washington quickly took Galveston on July 14th, but slowly took Monterrey on August 1st. By August 14th, Veracruz had fallen. Frenchmen had also taken Mexico City, leaving one jewel left to defend in the Spanish and British empires… Havana.
On August 23rd, Six countries fought for Havana. The battle lasted until All Hallows Eve on October 31st. Spain and Britain surrendered, taking heavy loses. Good thing too, because the Allies were having trouble note running out of food.
General Henry Knox marched into Mobile. East Florida was crucial to expanding America. Boston had sent a few ships down, as did the French. The Blockade of Mobile had ended a few hours ago, with an effective surrender. Scouts in Pensacola and Tallahassee had said smooth sailings, and it looked like everything was going to easy.
Florida was the easiest thing region gained by the Americans. In Ft. Lauder dale, the Spanish and British fought and killed each other out. Washington had similar luck.
On October 14th, 1777, Knox and Washington launched an attack on Havana. French troops had attacked Mexico City on October 1st, and too met and attacked Havana. Spain lost, and the Treaty of Copenhagen was signed in 1780 (due to debates.)
Just as quickly as it had begun, the war (later called the War for the Americas.) was over. The Treaty of Copenhagen surrendered the Pyrenees mountains in Spain to France, but Spain kept Barcelona. Aside from that, America was heavily redrawn. In the Caribbean, the new U.S. got the Western half of Cuba, while France, the Netherlands, and Portugal split the East. In South America, Portugal got all Spanish territory. Then in Central America, France got everything from the Isthmuses of Panama too the Tropic of Cancer (excluding the Baja California peninsula.) America got everything from the tropic of cancer northward (except Russia).
However, there was a clause. If America could not form a stable government by 1784, it the treaty would be nullified. The federal government (a.k.a. Congress) was having trouble with its laws, and the nation was falling apart. In desperation, Washington called for all 13 colonies and Quebec to send delegates to the Congressional meeting place in Philadelphia.
The global aftermath was equivalently harsh damage everywhere else. Spain was on the verge of collapse, and would collapse by 1850. Britain was in an economic depression, until Navy captain James Cook discovered Georgeland south of Dutch East Asia. France, Portugal, and the Netherlands had a booming economy. German states even considered banning for a more powerful replacement to the Holy Roman Empire.
General George Washington rode his horse up to the Philadelphia meetinghouse. He was here (reluctantly) to conduct the Constitutional Convention.
As Washington dismounted, James Madison ran up to him.
“Mr. Washington, you need to get inside! Georgia delegates want to dissolve the union! New Yorkers want to put a king in office! Delegates from Quebec are threatening succession! You need to restore order!”
“Slow down. Give me the details.”
“There are four plans for the new government. The Georgia plan is to dissolve the union and divide up territory. The New York plan is to have a king enforce laws, while Congress creates them and a National Judge to interpret them. Massachusetts wants to make Congress have all government power. My plan is to separate the powers into Congress, who makes laws, the Presidency, who enforces them, and a Supreme Court who interprets them. How do we balance the two out?”
“Does anyone else have any ideas?”
George Mason walked out of the building.
“Mr. Madison, Mr. Washington, one of the Georgia delegates is beating Mr. Hamilton with his cane! We need Washington inside.”
Madison and Mason looked quick to go inside. Washington had other plans.
“Mr. Mason, do you have a compromise?”
“In fact, I do…” he responded.
Mason continued speaking, “Congress is split into two pieces. A House of Representatives, where each state will be divided into districts of 250,000 people with one representative per, and a Senate, where each state gets two votes. Then, a Executive Congress, made up of a spokesman, called the chairman, the Constitutional Chairman, who checks laws for constitutionality, and a Chair of State, Treasury, War, Justice, Interior, and on and on. Finally, a Supreme Court with seven justices, with one justice replaced every year. For Justices, the House proposes them to the Chair of Justice.”
Madison and Mason where nodding away. “I don't know what to do about adding in new states, though.” Mason said.
Washington didn't care. “This is a brilliant plan. It is time we propose it to the delegates.
When James Madison opened the doors for the older men, all three where horrified by what they saw. Alexander Hamilton was in a fistfight with Thomas Jefferson, with a bloody Abraham Baldwin on the floor. Once Jefferson caught view of Washington he stopped, utterly embarrassed. Hamilton got in a punch before he saw Washington, and both men scrambled to their seats.
It took Washington a second to look more like a person than a ghost again, as he began to speak. “Well, Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Jefferson, this is a gentlemanly meeting, not a fist fight. Aside from these men's immaturity…” everyone took a brief moment to laugh, then Washington nodded at Mason.
Alexander Hamilton looked mad. “What! There is no one authority, one king, president, magistrate! This is going to be a political madhouse! How would we even elect these people?!”
Roger Sherman also saw concern. “In one house of Congress, Virginia, New York and Massachusetts will rule the world. I don't like this.”
Jean Baptiste from Quebec also spoke up. “How will we make sure religious groups, such as us Catholics, are protected?
Madison spoke last, trying to easy the concerns. “Here is some structure for our Constitution. A Preamble, Seven Articles, and Signatures. Article 1 will regulate Congress, 2 the Executive Council, 3 the Supreme Court, 4 the states, how they are added, there relationships to each other, 5 how the document is amended, 6 individual rights, 7 what needed for ratification. Let's start debating the Preamble. I have an idea.”
After a brief pause, Madison presented his idea for the Preamble. “We, the People, of the United States of America, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty and freedoms from tyranny to ourselves and our prosperity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America.”
It was generally accepted, so a vote was called. Of the 60 delegates, all except Abraham Baldwin halfheartedly voted in favor of it. They moved on to Article 1.
Roger Sherman stood. “I propose a one-house Congress with two votes granted to each state.”
Madison stood in disgust. “This would make Delaware citizens twelve times more powerful in Congress than Virginia! Two houses, with proportional representation in each.”
Washington had enough. “Stop fighting! We never would have won the revolution if we all fought separately. Mason proposed a two-house legislature with a Senate with two votes a state and a House of Representatives with several based on the states population. Is that not satisfactory?”
“No.” Sherman and Madison said, ashamed that Washington had to silence them.
“What should the powers of each house be?”
Hamilton was quick to speak, “Either house can make any law not dissolving the union.”
Jefferson responded, “No! Both houses must agree on laws. Taxes require a 80% approval, other laws 60%, and must be restricted to just laws regarding affairs of state, legal laws for the safety of individuals, and affairs of internal and external defense. It should also have a laize faire policy on economics. Everything must be limited.”
Washington slumped in his seat, no longer trying to break up fights.
These men split into factions and fought for days. After 11 days of fighting, Mason broke up the fight. “Give broad, yet restricted power that must be approved by 50%, taxes 60%, and both houses must approve.
Article 1, complete. Now for the rest of the madhouse… the other 6.
“The Executive powers should lie in the hands of Congress!” Sherman proclaimed.
“No, it should lie in the hands of a King!” Hamilton proclaimed.
Technically, Sherman's plan should have won out because it could pass 9 of the 14 states, but without New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, the Union would be crippled.
“Would an elected king work?” Madison said.
“NO!” They each said in unison.
“Is everyone alright with separating the Executive and Legislative Powers? This Constitution in all its forms could be designed so Congress makes sure the Executive stays in line, as well as the Courts, and vise versa.”
Hamilton and Madison nod, still 100% against each others plans
“Now, lets vote like gentleman. Should a Congress, with a different name to avoid confusing, execute laws, or should one person?”
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Quebec vote for multiple people. Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania voted to have one person execute laws.
Baptiste spoke 'Real quick, can I just make sure all laws will be in English and French?”
Colonists had no problem with this.
“Now, this seems like Mr. Masons plan. Should we go with his on the subject?”
Colonists nodded again.
Much was agreed upon for the remainder of the meeting. No one disagreed with Masons plan for the rest of what was proposed. However, Benjamin Franklin left a very important mark on the meeting.
He proposed a four-step status for territories to become states. First, all new territory would be split into ten or so territories, then small bits would break off to become smaller territories. Once a smaller territory reached 12,000 residents, with a single city of 2,500, it could become a Commonwealth. Once a Commonwealth reaches 60,000 residents with a single city of 10,000, it could become a state. The colonies and Quebec where instantly granted state status, while Vermont, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Maine and other territories where commonwealths until Congress could vote on them becoming states. The Constitution was signed September 14th, 1782, with just enough time to ponder the first election.
The New Constitution has to be approved by 9 of the 14 states. Some states jumped right on board, including Massachusetts, Delaware, and New Hampshire, who liked the amount of power given to their states. However, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey all questioned how little power their was. The South and Quebec jumped on later, seeing that slavery and religion where protected. Eight states. Maryland and Connecticut both heavily debated ratifying it. Thanks to letters written by George Washington, they voted for it. New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Rhode Island considered voting it, but too ratified it. Even the Republic of Vermont joined in.
Notes: This takes place BEFORE Part 1 of A New GovernmentThe Articles of Confederation hardly ever ruled the US, but for the brief time they did, it caused a lot of trouble. Once the war ended in the Battle of Havana, things where supposed to get back to normal. However…
Farms across the country had been destroyed. States put up high taxes, and the union seemed to be crumbling. This led to a boiling point in 1781, when a group of Massachusetts veterans went up in full rebellion, threatening to attack Boston if Congress could not pay them. The rebellion was barely put down by a group of men led by Washington himself, but it was too late.
Like fire, rebellion spread to the other colonies. Alexander Hamilton and others repeatedly said that the government should have more power, at least enough to put down a rebellion. America finally caved in Spring of 1782, when a Constitutional Convention was called.
Of course, very serious implications happened globally. Britain and Spain were almost bankrupt from recent wars, and France, despite recent good fortune, was also nearly bankrupt. The Dutch were very wealthy, and Portugal was not too changed. Finally, the Holy Roman Empire was about to undergo serious change. Other major nations around: Russia, the Quin Dynasty (China), Japan, Ethiopia and the Ottoman Empire
First of all, Spain had the most serious change. Losing Louisiana was okay, but Mexico and Cuba made them made, not to say the Dutch taking Venezuela. Finances were ruined. The kingdom finally fell into rebellion 2 years after losing the First War for the Americas, with the Army, Navy, and people going rouge. They quickly took out Madrid and installed a republican government, with a Parliament based of the U.S. Congress, with states including Castile and Leon, Aragon, Galatia, and others. A elected King, President of Parliament was chosen, and the quick Spanish revolution turned Spain to the side of France, the Netherlands, and the fledgling U.S.
Britain took a hard hit. It had lost its crown jewel, and despite retaining British Honduras and Bermuda, they knew it was time to expand. They invested in South Africa and India in earnest, and explorer James Cook discovered a new land, and name it New Britain, with Georgetown on the islands west coast its capitol (This is OTL Australia). The recession caused by the lose of the war and the colonies was recovered from by 1790, just in time for more conflict…
France had made strides in the war, taking half of former Spanish Mexico, the East half of Cuba, and a victory over Britain. However, its treasury ran dry. King Louis XVI decided to sell off the west half of Cuba to the U.S, approved by Congress, and Washington, Mason, and Adams in 1786, for the price of $7 Million dollars. They barely avoided revolution.
The Netherlands were particularly happy, having gained victory over Britain and expanded a South American colony. New Amsterdam was decided as the colonial capital (not yet built) and a future new colony in Africa seemed possible.
The Holy Roman Empire was founded around 800 A.D., built was on the verge of collapse. Its allies persuaded various kings to have a constitutional convention in Berlin in 1785, but that is for next time.
The First Executive Council of the United States of America was primarily Federalist, but in order to understand this, one must understand the working of the first political parties.
The Federalist Party Founded by Alexander Hamilton, this party was dominant in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. They supported a large government, with a large army, navy and other as well as a more pro-British stance. The Federalist party represented the wealthiest Americans.
The Democratic-Republican Party Founded by Thomas Jefferson, this party was dominant in the South, New England, and Quebec. The supported a small government, with a small army, no navy and were very pro-French. These represented most Americans and grew to power after 1800.
First Actions Although paying off war debt was the #1 concern, party disputes (heavily disliked by Washington, Mason, and Franklin) grew. John Adams accomplished a lot as Chair of the Interior, however. His control of the post office gave him control of the first state, commonwealth, territory and city postal abbreviations.
Connecticut- CN Delaware- DE Georgia- GE Massachusetts- MA Maryland- MY New Jersey- NJ New Hampshire- NH New York- NY North Carolina- NC Rhode Island- RI South Carolina- SC Quebec- QU Virginia- VA
Cuba- CU East Florida- EF Labrador- LA New Brunswick- NB Newfoundland- NF Nova Scotia- NS Vermont- VE West Florida- WF
California- CA Canada- CD Canadian Islands- CI Iowa- IO Louisiana- LO Mexico- MX Missouri- MS Mississippi- MI Northern Territories- NT Ontario- ON Ohio- OH Oregon- OR Tennessee- TN Texas- TX
Selected Cities given abbreviations Baltimore- BAL Boston- BOS Charleston- CHA Georgetown- GET Philadelphia- PHI Montreal- MON New York City- NYC Quebec City- QUE
Also, John Adams hired Revolution veteran and Massachusetts resident James Monroe to explore the West by ship, start a few settlements, and influence the future of America.
John Adams, a Federalist, saw that James Monroe was a rising star in Virginia, maybe almost ready to challenge Governor James Madison of the same political party. In order to divert this, he made Monroe an American explorer. He would take 25 families from each state, on three ships, the U.S.S. Virginia, U.S.S. Delaware, and the U.S.S. Montreal and sail around Cape Horn and too the American coast.
His first stop was Hawai’i, a Kingdom in the Pacific that would later become American after good relations following this meeting. Next was near a small town called Los Angeles, where Washington City was founded. Up the coast the Yerba Berma was Jefferson and Hamilton Cities. Further up, into Canada, was Arnoldsville, in honor of Benedict Arnold. Finally, Monroe sailed around the world to get back to America, stopping in China, India, and France before returning to America.
Britain had lost the America badly. However, all was not lost for the crown. 250,000 Loyalists fled to England, hoping to be placed in other colonies, such as South Africa or India. They were. James Cook discovered George land, and colonists went there. New Britannica, the British-owned island chain in the South Pacific also grew. Things were looking up for the British empire. In 1786, they took over Egypt. They bought the rest of the Virgin Islands from Denmark. They quickly forgot about America.
The Holy Roman Empire was huge at this point, but on the point of decline. The disunity between its various kingdoms earned intervention from its allies. After the American Revolution, where it was incapable of supporting France, America, and the Netherlands, delegates from Brandenburg, Bohemia, Hanover, Bavaria, Munster and Saxony all met in Berlin. They created a government based of that of the U.S., with a few key changes. For one, instead of states having governors, the provinces of Germany would be ruled by Kings, with an elected Governor to rule beside him. Also, instead of an Oligarchy, a traditional republic was chosen, with an Arch-Governor elected of the people and an Arch-King elected of the nobility of the nation. George Washington had personally proposed it to the delegates, and the birth of the Federal Republic of Germany (and a friendship with America) was formed.
However, choosing a capitol was hard. The Netherlands weren't to helpful, because they wanted the Austrian Netherlands in their hands. Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Brussels, and Hanover where all considered, but in order to get the smaller states on board, they chose Frankfurt. Most states traditionally in the Holy Roman Empire signed on to the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as a few others. The Kingdom of Prussia and the Kingdom of Poland where traditionally German, and after seeing uprisings in America and Spain, they opted for a peaceful transfer of power. Of course, this meant that the Germany had its laws available in Polish as well.
Early America was a place where partisan debates began to grow. Three parties began to grow, creating the original 3 party system. The Federalists Party and Democrat-Republican Parties have been aforementioned. The American Party was founded by those who valued the security of America above all else. The prominent members included George Washington and George Mason. However, in the days before the political ticket, states would vote per office by majority of the legislature.
The first order of business (outside of Adams interior improvements) was paying off debts. These debts where massive. Primarily owed to France, these debts could bankrupt the U.S. Hamilton was the first to propose the prospective ‘First Bank of the United States,’ which involved a Federal bank to issue currency. However, Jefferson would have none of it. He proposed state banks, and the states would pay off their debts. All future debt would be assumed by the U.S. George Washington, ever the compromiser, proposed a national bank which would standardize the front side of dollar bills and assume half of each states debt. The individual states would be responsible for the other half. (Georgia could have a different currency back the New Jersey, but it would be valid in both states.) Congress accepted the resolution on May 22nd, 1785.
The second order of business was where the Capitol would be. North and South fought heavily about it. Southerners wanted to protect slavery. Catholics wanted religious freedom. New England wanted self-government (so Georgia would be too far). Finally, a compromise was reached. A 12 mile district, both in Maryland and Virginia, would be ceded to form a Federal District. It was positioned so the Mount Vernon was just outside the reach of the F.D. This was quickly adopted, to the disgrace of Hamilton.
Finally, Hamilton had some luck. He had pushed for a large military, and had convinced the Federalist majority Congress to label it as ‘a matter of the interior,’ overriding Henry Knox’s position as Chair of Defense (an illegal action later called squandering.) A massive military was conscripted, with a school in New York to be built to train soldiers. However, Hamilton was not lucky enough.
Edmond Randolph had been appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, which could ‘override laws deemed unconstitutional.’ The army remained in place, but all of its affairs where transferred to Knox. This set precedent for later cases after Knox v. Congress of the United States
America was a vast country bigger than the whole of Europe, Japan, and Central America combined. However, it only had 14 states. Several Commonwealths were founded at the Constitutional Convention of 1783, including Vermont, Nova Scotia, Maine and a variety of others. Vermont, the son of the Green Mountain Boys, agreed to commonwealth status until Congress could meet. Sure enough, the Vermont became the fifteenth state, with is capitol at Montpelier. Nova Scotia became the sixteenth in 1785, with its capitol at Halifax. Tennessee was split into two commonwealths, Tennessee and Kentucky. Mississippi became a commonwealth. South Louisiana broke off to became the Louisiana commonwealth (the northern part became known as Arkansas, named after a local river.) and part of the Ohio Territory broke off the form the Commonwealth of Erie. Louisiana had a capitol at New Orleans and Erie's was the city of Columbus. Finally, East and West Florida each applied for statehood, separately. New Postal Abbreviations:
Arkansas Territory: AR Erie: ER Louisiana Commonwealth: LA Kentucky: KN
That was just 1785. In California Territory, Washington City, Jefferson City, Hamilton City, and a port city south of Washington City known as San Diego grew rapidly. Washington City became its prospective capitol. The state was still small, but people where hiking across the U.S., sailing around Cape Horn, and looking for a Northwest Passage. Once a passage through the island was found, it was hardly used, but resources where quickly diverted. In Mexico and Tejas territory, San Antonio, Galveston, and Monterrey also grew, leading to commonwealth application of parts of each in 1787. Missouri and Ontario grew as well.
With a growing America, political parties began to regionalism. The American Party, although having powerful members, was a minor party, which had support among only the most neutral citizens of the nation and won nothing much more than Delaware in midterms in 1787. The Federalist Party had high power in the Middle States, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Finally, the Democratic-Republican Party had strength in the South, Maryland, Canada, and the remainder of New England.
Political Parties began to evolve. The Democratic-Republicans and the Americans (PP, not the whole of the nation) wanted expansion, the Federalists where anti-expansion. The Federalists where pro-taxation. George Mason and George Washington signed every constitutional bill, but ultimately Alexander Hamilton enforced them like crazy. One of these was the Slave Tax, where all slaves would be taxed, $5 a piece. Georgia and South Carolina went into full revolt. Ultimately, Henry Knox rode into Charleston, putting down the rebellion. This was prelude to things to come.
After the rebellion, Alexander Hamilton was heavily disliked in the South. However, that same tax was helping New England. More and more, the country was becoming sectionalism. However, the next major part of politics would be a very bad thing. A rebellion in Spain had made a Republican government, which ultimately collapsed. Portugal seemed likely to strike while Spain was weak. Ultimately, Spain turned to an enemy-ally. France, although having fought against the Spanish in the American revolution, had gotten favor in the country. Lafayette of France was a general who had had some success in Egypt, but no opportunity to rise to power was happening anytime soon. Spain crown Napoleon Bonaparte King Marquis I in August 1787. This support and alliance led to the Franco-Napoleonic Wars, where Spain and France and their allies would seize control of Europe, or at least try. The war started with an attack on Portugal. It also led to the unification of Italy, under republican government. This led to Ottoman and Russians and Danes joining the British, but it was to late for Portugal. Spain seized Lisbon January 2nd, 1788. This led to the impressment of American sailors by the British. This led to Henry Knox's plan.
Knox mustered America's Navy into a strengthening a rebellion on Ireland. This led to Britain trying to keep Ireland, putting out all hope for Portugal. The Spain attacked Athens, in the Ottoman Empire. This led to the European branch of the Ottoman Empire becoming the Republic of Greece. Democracy was back in its homeland. The Barbary Nations in North Africa lost all support, and collapsed into Waring city states, until France took Algeria and Spain Morocco. With the Spanish and French armadas on the doorstep of Istanbul, the Ottoman Empire surrendered, and removed itself from European politics, keeping its empire in Asia intact. They marched North to Russia, and attacked Kiev. That was as far as they went before Russia, Denmark, Great Britain, and the shame of whatever was left of Portugal surrendered. Portugal was gone from the face of the earth, just Spanish territory now. Ireland did not receive independence, but every nation acknowledged Greece. This was also the beginning of alliances that would shape the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries.
When the treaty of Cardiff was signed, Britain saw it needed to expand its allies, re-establish Portugal, and destroy its enemies.
With Portugal now eliminated, Brazil became an independent nation. However, this led to a variety of other events in the new world, particularly what to do with natives. It was February of 1790 when the war ended, and the nation was only two years away from its next major election. Everyone knew George Washington and George Mason would retire after one more term, and the American Party would die after that. Delaware even began voting for the Federalists. Also, Martha Washington, in the middle of the war, had given birth to twins, named George Washington II and Victoria Washington. This made Washington willing to stick on a third term, hoping that when Washington II was elected (as he inevitably would) he would be a good leader. The Federalist Party was becoming the more progressive liberal party in the U.S., wanting to defend the rights of native Americans. The Democratic Party was the more conservative and racist, and there ultimate goal was to remove the Natives from the nation. The Federalists where also pro-Slaves rights, while the Democrats opposed said rights.
The American removal act of 1791 as it was going to be called was killed 37-31 by the House of Representatives in May 1791. However, states in the South began moving Natives across the Mississippi River, which culminated in The Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, in which the court ruled in favor of the Cherokee, but Georgia continued with the practice until John Adams and Henry Knox enforced Article 4 of the Constitution, which made the Federal government superior to the states, as well as the Court ruling, to dissolve Georgia's militia, replacing it with the national. However, two main leaders defined the upcoming election.
In 1796, America would need a new government. Two men would be the top contenders, and they would shape the course of American history: Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.
1792, 1793, and 1794 went by in a quick blur, with nothing of global significance. However, two front-runners emerged for the upcoming elections; Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. The first election began with standard electoral. Delaware voted first, giving its three electoral votes to the Democrat-Republicans. Massachusetts and New Hampshire actually changed everything, giving its electoral votes to the Federalists, reflecting New England. Virginia went for the Democrat-Republicans. Everything went as predicted (except Maryland, which voted Federalist). This was on the Executive Chair. The Constitutional Chair would be the runner up. Many other states gave votes to D-R and F in other offices