AKA the Holy See. The modern day successor of the Italian papal states and the smallest country in Europe and the entire world. It was created in 1929 after the Papacy managed to convince the then Italian government to officially cede the parts of Rome relevant to the Roman Catholic Church and recognize them as an independent country used for the international purposes of the church. Naturally, the Vatican is completely encircled by the city of Rome and Italy as a country. Today, the country has its own short railroad, railway station, postal service, media and a small ceremonial army used as the papal bodyguards. The Vatican archives, museums and art galleries store all sorts of priceless historical and cultural artefacts, both religious/churchly and secular. This, along with its historical monuments, makes it a favourite destination of tourists and pilgrims from around the world.