Rwanda is one of the central African countries and also belongs to some of the smallest countries in Africa.
Formerly one of the German colonies in east and central Africa, later ceded to Belgium during the first world war. During this post-German and pre-independence period, Rwanda was administered together with Burundi under the name Ruanda-Urundi. Rwanda's official language today is French and it also shares a similar ethnic makeup to neighbouring Rwanda, with most citizens identifying as Hutu, Tutsi or Twa.
Unfortunately, due to some questionable governance and questionable theories on part of the colonizers, the local populace became much more polarised in terms of ethnicity than they originally were. During a constitutional crisis in the early 1990s that resulted in the death of the head of state in 1994, said crisis descended into a chaotic conflict that killed over a million of Rwanda's inhabitants in a very short timespan. Rwanda has since recovered from the 1994 humanitarian catastrophe and precautions have been put in place to avoid such an outbreak of resentment and violence again, but many blame the current government of abusing these reforms as an excuse to rule in a fairly authoritarian manner.
Rwanda borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Uganda in the north, Tanzania in the east and southeast and Burundi in the south. A huge part of its western border is formed by the shores of Lake Kivu.