Screenshot from the Anglo market version of Civilization II (actually the third in the overall series).
The Civilization series (titled La Civilizzazione in Italian) started out as the first project of the ENIVP (Ente Nazionale Industrie VideoPassatempistiche), a state-owned enterprise meant to do what the ENIC did for cinema way back in the Thirthies, after the world of videogames had shown promise of being an equally functional medium for both entertaiment and "value diffusion". The first game, released in 2003, was a turn-based strategy game which put the players in the guise of a "civilizing spirit" meant to drive a human culture to spread all over Earth, competing against other groups for domination either on the battlefield or with culture, and was a mild success that was severely impeded by the amount of unsubtle pushes the game gave you depending on which civilization of the eight avaible* for which victory type to pursue, as well as an overly-bombastic intro that became subject of jokes, while the suspicious resemblance of the Barbarian Leader to Menelik II and the overall "East African-ness" of that NPC faction made it a no-go for export later on.
*= Rome-Italy (Julius Caesar); Anglos-England (Elizabeth I); Germanics-Germany (Arminius); Gauls-France (Louis XIV); Slavs-Russia (Ivan the Terrible); Shang-China (Emperor Yongle); Hiberians-Spain (Charles V); Huns-Mongols (Ghengis Khan)
Due to this lukewarm success, the ENIVP decided to sell the game's rights and to focus on other kind of games (they famously developed Legionaria, I Fieramosca, La Nuova Odissea and other such "hack'n'slahses" to much better success in Italy and mild appreciation outside), which lead to the acquisition by Castello di Rigoletto, a nascent videogame company with some Portuguese components. The second installment, La Civilizzazione II: La Marcia del Progresso , with improved graphics, new mechanics such as religions and land improvments, the new victory type consisting in reaching Alpha Centauri, and a larger roster* was released in 2009, and managed to get a tentative release in other countries in the following two years. The game was a smash success both at home and elsewhere, helped by the fact that some markets, like Spain or Germany, managed to get some tweaks to better represent the country.
Rome (Julius Caesar/Trajan); England (Elizabeth I/Churchill); Germany (Arminius/Bismarck); France (Francis I/Louis XIV); China (Emperor Yongle/Chang-Kai-Shek); Russia (Ivan the Terrible/Catherine the Great); Spain (El Cid/Charles V); Mongols (Ghengis Khan/Kublai Khan); India (Asoka Maurya/Shah Jahan); Italy (Victor Emmanuel II/Mussolini); Israel [Judas Maccabeus/Ben-Gurion°Orde Wingate (in Israel)]; Portugal (João II/ Alfonso VI); American Indians (Geronimo/Sitting Bull); Phonecians (Dido/Hannibal); Babylonians (Hammurabi/Nebuchadnezzar II); Egypt (Ramnses II/ Cleopatra VII); Gauls (Brennus/Vercingetorix); Atzecs (Montezuma II/ Cuahatemoc); Greece (Pericles/Alexander The Great)
Castello di Rigoletto expanded with time, and, in 2016, it released the third installment, featuring all civilizations from the past two games plus a few newcomers*, fully-voice-acted cutscenes and units (albeit in a way that was clearly done with an Italian-to-[Language] dictionary without any regard to foreing syntax), the Religious, Diplomatic and Monopoly Victory condictions, scenario with special rules, and much more, with expansions like Plus Ultra and I Signori della Guerra adding even more features and scenarios. This installment was the most successful yet, and sparked enough interest for people in other countries to want a re-release of the first game of La Civilizzazione, which was ultimately done in 2019, with improved graphics, a few gameplay tweaks, the possibility to mod it all, and several disclaimers about the game's content (disclaimers which were removed in the Italian version as a compromise for its re-release).
Malians (Sunjata/Mansa Musa), Incas (Pachacuti/Athahualpa); Vietnamese (Le Loi/Gia Long); Japan (Tokugawa/Meji); Unisted States (Abraham Lincon/ George Patton)