AHC: Form alternate/new ethnic groups of the world

In 1907 a group of Esperanto-enthusiasts lead by the French Professor Gustave Roy, established a community in Neutral-Moresnet with the goal of creating the first Esperanto speaking state in Europe. More and more Esperanto took over the public life and administration of Neutral- Moresnet with the language gaining more and more ground. Meanwhile Esperanto immigrants spread the language and locals also began to accept it as lingua franca. Even the administrating German, Dutch and Belgian officials had been forced to adress the matter. With WW1 not happening, Neutral-Moresnet remained an entity and finally, in 1940, had been accepted as a buffer state between the German Reich, Belgium and the Netherlands. Neutral-Moresnet changed its name to Amikejo. Esperanto became the main language and the population grew steadily. The mini state. Due to liberal policy towards gambling, Amikejo bacame rich and is known for its Casinos which attract a lot of tourists. The micro state is very much crowded but native Amikejocans take pride in their polity between the three monarchies.

Language: Esperanto
Demographics: 35.000-50.000
Appearance: Middle European
Culture: Liberal Western European
Location: Amikejo, former Neutral Moresnet

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Language: Slavanatolian (Indo-European>Balto-Slavic>Slavic>South Slavic).
Religion: Primarily Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
Location: Western Anatolia.
Culture: Largely Bulgarian with some Greek and Turkish influences.
History: A group of Slavic tribes manages to storm the Byzantine Empire and finds it's way into Anatolia. They decide to stay there and form their own state. Overtime, they get recognition as a minority group by the Ottoman Empire. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, they are given independence.


Markanites origins are a controversial issue. Some believe they are immigrated to their current homeland from arabia before the expansion of Semitic Peoples. Others believe they are Sumerian explorers who set sail from Dilmun and ended up where they are currently while others tie them with Harappans aka Indus valley civilization. They speak a language isolate that shows some similarities to Sumerian but is poorly studied. Markanites also speak swahili and Hadramouti arabic in their daily lives and most are trilingual.

Majority of Markanites believe in a system called Barqadat, a word evolved from baraqa and adat. In this system core islamic values are mixed and sometimes replaced with Markan native beliefs. Around 70% of Markanites believe in this traditionalised form of Islam while remainder is mostly Sunni Muslims but a small minority of Shias and Christians are also present.

So what is Barqadat? Barqadat is hard to describe for it has no texts. Main concept of Barqadat is the belief in Barq, a karma like force that is more like a substance that sticks to person and causes them misfortune. It is believed only gods light can burn away Barq from a persons soul and to attain gods light one must reach a state of oneness with the god which is only possible by oneness with the Markanite community which is the material shadow of god on earth similar to how Caliphs of arabs are. To achieve oneness with the community one must follow traditions of the community. This belief is often compared to sikhism and Jainism for it has many similarities with them and allowed preservation of Markanite traditions such as worship of Shams(Sun), Mevuz(Moon), Isa(Jesus) and Zulkarnayn(Alexander the great) alongside Allah since they are part of Markanite tradition. Markanite interpret religion so that allah is not the only god but the greatest god and other gods still exist. In Markanite aqidah recognizes only Meccan surahs as authentic and Medinan surahs and Hadith literature is believed by Markanites to be later inventions of Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. Because of their lack of belief in integrity of Quran and their polytheism, Markanites are not considered muslim by rest of the muslim world

Markanite traditions include animals sacrifices to prementioned gods, Drinking Sea water to purify the soul and Sea burials where the corpse of the deceased is tied to stones and thrown out in special sand mounts. This sea mounds are considered sacred and believed to host spirit creatures who carry the souls of the deceased to god. Markanites do not believe in heaven or hell for themselves. Their souls become part of god. Markanites also scar certain verses from the Quran on their skin when they turn 16 which is in tribal Markanite law the age one becomes an adult and can be married. Every family has a desiganted verse and only those with complimentary verses are allowed to marry.

Markanites also practise what they call shirim whic is best translated as sorcery. This sorcery includes folk healing, divination using sea sparkle and stars and use of talisman to ward off evil eye and mantras to give one good luck. Belief in this magics is unanimous amongst Markanites regardles of whether they follow Barqadat, Islam or Christianity.

Markanites mostly live in various Islands and Sea mounts of the Mascarene Plateu in indian ocean(OTL sheycelles). Some have also settled in swahili coast and Northern madagascar.

It is estimated there is aroud 2 million Markanites in the world. Two thirds of them live in their homeland as well as other Indian ocean islands and coasts.


Markanite cuisine includes fish in all forms. They also consume Kelp and corals. Markanites have developed a reistance to various toxins found in sea life in the region such as Lionfish venom and Pufferfush poison throughout generations and some are known to be able to safely eat raw pufferfish.

Markanites have been persecuted for their unusual beliefs for generations by somali and Maldivian traders and pirates who embargoed and raided their islands for slaves. This persecution and enmity continues even today.

Since the discovery of Antarctica in 1774 during the doomed Second Cook Expedition, the indigenous inhabitants of that blighted land have filled the nightmares of the Old World with horrors. Rather than delve into the fanciful and wild-eyed stereotyping typical of discussions of the Tsalal we will instead concern ourselves with the facts. Antarctica was initially settled by a founding population of Tasmanians, brought south in a series of small waves by a succession of storms roughly 20,000 years ago. This initial population would be gradually bolstered by successive influxes of Yaghan and Maori, who would quickly find themselves subsumed into the dominant culture that had preceded them.

A series of mutations and adaptations would produce the Tsalal as they currently exist, with an extreme tolerance for variation in the sleep cycle, a greater than average endurance and resistance to famine, highly developed night vision (with a corresponding commonality of red-green colorblindness), and an ability to digest the incredibly starchy and alkaline staple crops of the continent at the expense of an almost complete intolerance to gluten. Although phenotyped as black, the presence of ice binding proteins in their tissues actually gives the Tsalal a somewhat grayish cast to their skin, a trait best observed in their unusually dark sclera, while their famed black teeth are actually a result of staining from the vegetable portion of the Tsalal diet. Tsalal hair is coarse and most commonly black, though it is rarely blonde or red. The most common body type is stout (to better retain heat during the polar winter), while faces tend to be long and thin, with noticeable mandibular prognathism. The relatively small founding population has led to a common continental blood type, creating a society where tissue rejection is almost unheard of.

The history of Antarctic civilization tends to revolve around the push and pull between the Yag centered around Paant'n Lul and the Tcho heartland in Tsalmothua. The former boasts the longest republican tradition in human history, having maintained a cultural continuity that stretches from before the the unification of the highland and lowland Yag to the expansion into Azul and Ptahr and on to the present day. The latter expanded during the Coal Age, creating a succession of empires and corprocracies centered around the famed Sunken Cities that have expanded and receded ever since. The other major Antarctic nations have seen themselves shaped irrevocably by the conflict between the two core regions of the continent. For example, Yag suppression of the barbarian Ptahr was a deciding factor that enabled the Leng peoples to dominate the Wang Gash region, while the Hali culture caught between the three preserved itself by cultivating a well-earned reputation as the most skilled experts in medicine, torture, and armaments on the continent.

Even the outlying Antarctic civilizations would find themselves broken against the twin pillars of Yag and Tsalmothua. Although the Zhudan enjoyed a brief period of supremacy as a naval thalassocracy, the eventual collapse of their imperial project would see them transform into the matriarchal Ghault culture still centered around Zhudan Lul. The Dragon Islanders would briefly invade the mainland, penetrating almost to Lake Vos, and after being turned back would transition from a loosely connected horde to a proper confederation. The Cold Islands were settled much later than the rest of the continent by a series of competing settler colonial projects, with the harsh social and environmental conditions breeding the equally harsh and utilitarian Crystal Islander culture that would ironically inspire as much fear in the Tsalal as they themselves would go on to inspire in the rest of the world.

Much hay has been made in the wider world by the worrying propensity for incest, cannibalism, coprophagia and other obscenities in the Tsalal cultural record, but these traits are best understood as desperate survival mechanisms that thankfully became obsolete as agriculture and architecture transformed the continent and made the horrors of the Antarctic winter more bearable. This is best seen in the Tsalal from the late 19th century on— despite the survival of the institution of slavery, in the modern Antarctica incest and pedophilia are outlawed, cannibalism is thankfully rare (and absent altogether in Yag), genocides are unheard of, and even the Hali's famed love of recreational torture has given way to the mere practice of cruel and unusual punishment. Rumors persist that the Crystal Islanders continue to hew closer to the old ways in these matters, but absent concrete evidence we cannot credit those allegations.

Ancestry: Tasmanian, Yaghan, Maori
Language: Tsalal language family
Religion: Suffering Path, Knaaresh, syncretic/regional polytheism, Yhriqism**
Population: ~445 million

*For a series in the Flag Thread I'm planning for a tweaked Green Antarctica called A Lighter Shade of Black!

**The classification of Yhriqism as a religion is disputed.
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Choctaw Nation of Ireland

For a while, the Great Famine in Ireland and the Trail of Tears in the United States proceed as usual; as in OTL, the Choctaw send aid to the Irish, too. However, the fact that the Great Famine is, in fact, not what it would seem at first glance (something that we now know, since it could've easily been averted) becomes a widely accepted truth once a daring newspaper article on it is published first in mainland Europe, and then across the Atlantic as well.

As a result, Irish nationalism and secessionism become way bloodier way earlier; faced with a rebellion in India as well, London chooses to lose Ireland rather than India; as Ireland becomes an independent kingdom under the House of Stuart, most Protestant inhabitants of the country leave for the British mainland, fearing for their lives. Depopulated and in dire need of manpower, Ireland decides to offer the entirety of the Choctaw people a free ride to the island.

Rather than face annihilation at the hands of the American government, most Choctaw accept the deal, and settle in Ulster and in other formerly Protestant lands in Ireland, their clans and tribes being recognized by the new Irish government as equal to the clans and tribes of the native Irish; while some conflicts and misunderstandings arise between them and the Irish, both peoples at least admit their neighbours are a way better deal than the Americans or the English, respectively.

Today, the Choctaw Nation of Ireland is fully integrated into Irish society, and makes up a significant percentage of the population of the counties of Ulster; it developed especially close ties to the Irish Traveller community, whose status in the island improved as a result. The Choctaw language is co-official with Irish Gaelic in several northern counties and a few of the towns surrounding Dublin, while English - while widely spoken as a second language - is not used anywhere in an official capacity.
Old Khazars:

Population: 2,000,000 (About ten percent of Khazaria)


Language: Old Khazars retain the more pure version of the Khazar tongue that creolized over the centuries, written in the Hebrew script. The old Turkic runes are used for certain military ceremonies.

Religion and Culture: Khazar Judaism, known as "The Way of God" in Old Khazar, is widely considered to be the fourth sect of Judaism alongside Rabbinic, Karaite, and Hayamanot. Due to the proximity of the Rabbinic majority, it has absorbed most Rabbinic customs and festivals (especially Hannukah, due to its militaristic nature). Khazar Judaism syncretized some Tengric traditions, mainly the veneration of the royal Ashina dynasty. Old Khazar culture is largely derived from the customs and etiquette of the Ashina court; placing great emphasis on fealty to one's superiors and clan, horsemanship, martial arts, religious scholarship, and the cultivation of both body and mind. Many have compared them to the Samurai.

History: The Khaganate of Khazaria is a state with no single ethnic majority. The term "Khazar" has largely become a term of civic identity, but the Old Khazars are descendants of the nine Turkic aristocratic clans that converted to Judaism in antiquity. They compromise the royalty and aristocracy, many elite business magnates and politicians, and nearly all of the military higher ups. The top aristocratic families hold nearly a stranglehold on politics.
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Bruneian Mexican
Spanish, Malay
Ancestry: (Filipino)/Bruneian, Malay, and Mexican
Religion: Catholic and Islam
The Portuguese under the regent bishop Henry of Portugal would block the Spanish from colonizing the Islas de San Lazaro and made concessions with the Bruneians, took over the already established control of the Spanish in Cebu and Butuan, the Spanish would reestablish control under the Portuguese crown of Cebu and Butuan and the Bruneian Concessions which will go to Spanish control as they would recognize the Spanish as their ruler, some of the Bruneians would go to Mexico and Spain due to the galleon trade.
On 1898, United States would attack the Spanish Empire and gain the Bruneian concessions in Borneo and the Islas de SanLazaro as well as Cebu and Butuan, some of the population in those areas would go to Spain and Mexico, the Concessions would be decolonized on July 1945.
almost exclusively anglish, although some still speak some native languages.
Ancestry: Anglish and native Hesperidian
Religion: Followers of the Catholic Church, mostly part of the Anglic rite. Although around 20% adhere to the Hesperidian rite.
Population: Around 26 million
Location: Almost exclusively located in the Newfoundland plantation. More specifically, around the great Itha river (Mississippi) or it's basin.
History: The Gemengtlic find their origin in the Anglic conquest of the Itha confederation in the year 1428 (Aztec like entity, which had subdued large parts of the Mississippi basin). This conquest, led by the Anglish earl named Oswin and his band of anglish soldiers and native regulars. Granted the Anglish crown almost complete control of the Itha river basin, and the crown would spend the next hundred years enforcing its authority over this newly seized land. First over the natives, and then over the Anglish nobles, who had consolidated power bases in the new world. While the Anglish crown first attempted to send Anglish families from the overpopulated Angland to the colony, these families were generally not welcomed and could not compete with the native labour force (which although fast declining was still cheaper than European labour) and were thus left destitute and the attempt was halted. (On a side note, many of these families put their remaining fund together to charter a boat to south Hesperidia, where they would create the colony of New Angland (otl Uruguay and Rio grande de sul)) When this attempt at settlement failed the crown started creating military colonies filled with veterans of the Galloglass wars. These veterans would act as soldiers and citizens, pacifying any rebellion and populating the land with citizens loyal to the crown. Many of the veterans took native wifes and from these unions originated the Gementlic. Half European and half Hesperidian. The gementlic are generally the most loyal supporters of Angland. Both due to their ancestry as sons and daughters of soldiers and due to the special privileges the anglish goverment granted to the gementlic in 1608. As the native population started declining due to horrible treatment and disease, the Gementlic slowly started becoming the largest demographic group in the Newfoundland plantation.
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Ancient Russian, with lots of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Manchurian, and Ainu loan words

Ancestry: The Yeyui are predominantly descended from several tribes of pagan Russians who migrated to East Siberia prior to the introduction of Orthodox Christianity into Russia itself, and settled around the Pacific coast. There is considerable admixture from Japanese, Koreans, and Ainu peoples as well, estimated by some scholars to be up to 33% of the population. The Ainu have been almost completely absorbed into either the Yeyui or the Japanese by now.

Religion: The Yeyui pagan religion, a derivative of Ancient Slavic Paganism, with heavy influence of Shintoism and Shamanism. Also present are Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Orthodox Christianity, introduced in the 17th century from the Russian Empire, has a small but steadily growing following. Religion is considered an integral part of culture and society, to such an extent that Atheism does not exist. Many people also are adherents of multiple religions at once, and attend the meetings and ceremonies of multiple religions. It is not uncommon to see a Buddhist attend a Pagan religious ceremony, and vice versa. In addition, the people are incredibly superstitious, believing in ghosts, demons, goblins, spells, curses, auras, amulets, fortune telling, and other not exactly scientific things.

Culture: The Yeyui culture is a mixture of Ancient Russian pagan culture, with Ainu, Japanese, and Korean traditions. Architecture is predominantly made of wood, a combination of Japanese and Russian, for example pagodas with onion domes. The culture is very conservative, with most of the population living in rural areas as farmers, hunters, fishers, and gatherers. Even in modern times, the Yeyui are much less urbanized than neighboring Japan or South Korea. Arranged marriages and big families are the norm. Villages are ruled by councils of elders. The government is an absolute, hereditary monarchy. Religion is syncretic and greatly intertwined with the culture. For much of their history, the Yeyui have been in Chinese and Japanese spheres of influence, which left a significant mark on their culture. Eastern martial arts are practiced here, and the King has professional ninjas to carry out his orders. The Yeyui are a people of tradition, frequently pushing back against Atheism and secular values. The modern Yeyui Kingdom is an authoritarian absolute monarchy, kind of like North Korea, which frequently accuses it's neighbors and major world powers of attempting to meddle in it's internal affairs and corrupt the population with smuggled drugs and porn.

Appearance: Look like a mixture of Slavs and Japanese. Blond hair is less common than black hair.

Space: Pacific Coast of Siberia, including Magadan, Kamchatka, Sahalin, the Kuril islands, and even parts of Alaska.
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German, with lots of Russian loan words

Ancestry: The Nemtzi are descended from Germans who were forcibly transported to Kazakhstan by the Soviet government in the 1950s and 1960s. After the end of the Second World War in 1950, it was decided by the Soviet Government that Germany had to pay for the Holocaust, the attempted genocide of Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, and other peoples of the Soviet Union. Instead of merely establishing a communist puppet government in Germany, it was decided to permanently end the German state for good, not by genocide but by replacing the population. Over the next several decades, the Soviet government relocated most of the population of Germany into Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. And into Germany itself they moved Russians, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Romanians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Estonians, Finns, Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Mongols, and anyone else that they could find to dilute the population of Germany and eventually transform it into yet another multicultural predominantly Russian speaking Soviet state. The resettled Germans were basically resettled into reservation like areas in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, and were prevented from leaving by the Soviet military. The Soviet government also destroyed all books about German history and culture, and forbade the immigrants to speak about their former lives in Germany. Then when global thermonuclear war erupted in 2000, the Soviet Union collapsed, and the Nemtzi were left independent. After 100 years, they do not remember where Germany originally was located or where they came from. Some speculate that it was Siberia, the Urals, Crimea, or even Scandinavia or the Balkans. Others claim that they are natives of Central Asia, and the relocation was a kind of propaganda created by the Red Empire in order to revoke their rights to the land.

Religion: The Nemtzi practice Protestant Christianity with benevolent socialist undertones.

Culture: The Nemtzi culture is very rural. The global thermonuclear war knocked the entire former Soviet Union into the 18th century technologically. The Nemtzi live very much like OTL Amish people, making their living as farmers, ranchers, hunters, and fishers. Their rule is a semi-theocracy. Village priests are democratically elected by all the parishioners. Then the village priests elect the main chief of the nation. The Soviet government kept the Nemtzi isolated from knowledge of the history and culture of Germany. So the culture of the Nemtzi is mostly based on Protestantism with a very literal interpretation of the Bible, and the rest of the culture including food, clothes, and architecture is based on mainstream Soviet Union culture. Oh, and they speak German. The Nemtzi believe that the events of the New Testament took place only about 500 years ago, around the Black Sea coast (because there are many Jews), and the "Red Empire" (Soviet Union) and the Roman Empire described in the Bible are the exact same historical entity.

Appearance: Germans

Space: Settlements around the Aral Sea and Lake Balkash.

English, with lots of Mormon specific jargon, acronyms, and made up words. The Deseret alphabet is used instead of the Latin alphabet.

Ancestry: The Nephites come from the same timeline as the mentioned above Nemtzi. When global thermonuclear war broke out in 2000, the United States collapsed. Utah was spared from any nuclear bombs, and became one of the only stable independent states in a sea of anarchy, poverty, violence, and disease. The Nephites are descended from the Mormons, and refugees who fled to Utah. After the war ended, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints quickly took power and became a theocracy, and Utah declared it's independence as the Holy State of Deseret. Somewhere down the line, the Church forged a new identity for it's people as the Nephites, claiming descent from the Nephi in the Book of Mormon. Now 100 years have passed, and the Church's grip on society is as tight as ever. The Church rejects the history of the United States, the thirteen colonies, the founding fathers, etc. Instead it was replaced by the version of history declared in the Book of Mormon, that the Mormons are Nephites, and non-Mormon former Americans are the Lamanites. The Book apparently contains the only version of history that's good for you, which is where you can find information about the ancestry of the Nephites, how they came to America from the Old World on a ship led by God, as they were fleeing the Roman Empire, etc.

Religion: The Nephites are a theocracy, controlled by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. There is no separation of church, state, and culture in this nation, it is all completely indistinguishable. There is no layer of society which is untouched by the Church. Every citizen is expected to be a member of the Church, attend their meetings, and follow all of their traditions, or else they are treated as a social outcast. People are assigned to the specific church that they go to, based on the geographic place where they live. These are called "wards". A small town typically has a single ward, whereas a big city may be subdivided into several dozen wards. Each ward is overseen by a bishop, who is appointed in a top down order. Each church building has a dual function of both a religious as well as a community center, and an educational center. All schools are held in the churches, and there are no secular schools. Boys and girls grow up in the church, and get married in the church as well. The Church keeps tabs on all citizens of their society, including marriages, births, deaths, jobs, and taxes. Of course men and women have to wear appropriate uniforms, similar to those of OTL Mormons, although high ranking members of the church wear white robes similar to those of the Jedi. The Church expects it's citizens to adhere to a strict moral codes, such as no sex without marriage, no tobacco or alcohol, no television, mandatory religious attendance, tests on knowledge of religious and moral values, etc. The society is regimented, but stable and good for families compared to the anarchic bandit kingdoms outside it's borders. The Church prefers to use soft power of indoctrination and religion rather than hard power of a police state to keep it's citizens in line. Compared to other parts of the United States, the Nephites maintain a relatively high level of technology, with electricity, running water, cars, and trains, as well as an associated high standard of living. There is a kind of "social credit system" in place, based on one's "standing" within the church, meaning how well one adheres to the teachings and lifestyle that the Church prescribes. Good religious family men and women who volunteer at their local parish have high social credit scores, whereas alcoholics, smokers, gays, and others have low social credit scores. Since computers no longer work, this social credit score is not enforced by technology or surveillance cameras, but by the wards, deacons, missionaries, and other responsible members of the Church itself. This works since, like 99% of the population is a member of the Church, stepping out of line happens quite rarely, and even if it does happen, the offending person has a discussion with members of the church, more like a therapy session than an interrogation.

Culture: See Religion

Appearance: Basically White People

Space: The Nephites control all of Utah, and large territories of Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, and Wyoming as well. They are expanding into Montana, Nebraska, and Kansas.