Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American pharmacist and politician who served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1961. As a senator he was a major leader of modern liberalism in the United States, supporting Civil Rights and increased welfare. A divided Democratic Party nominated him in the 1960 presidential election, which he lost to Republican nominee Richard Nixon.
Born in Wallace, South Dakota, Humphrey attended the University of Minnesota. In 1943, he became a professor of political science at Macalester College and ran a failed campaign for mayor of Minneapolis. He helped found the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) in 1944; the next year he was elected mayor of Minneapolis, serving until 1948 and co-founding the liberal anti-communist group Americans for Democratic Action in 1947. In 1948, he was elected to the U.S. Senate and successfully advocated for the inclusion of a proposal to end racial segregation in the 1948 Democratic National Convention's party platform.
Humphrey served three terms in the Senate from 1949 to 1960, and was the Senate Majority Whip for the last four years of his tenure. During this time, he was a lead supporter of civil rights, introduced the first initiative to create the Peace Corps, and chaired the Select Committee on Disarmament. He unsuccessfully sought his party's presidential nomination in 1952.
In 1960 Humphrey launched his campaign for the presidency. Strident in his support of Civil Rights, he received opposition from Southerners within his own party. His focus on primaries and media appearances was novel and helped propel him ahead of rivals such as Lyndon Johnson and John Kennedy.
His strategy succeeded in clinching the nomination, and he chose Senator George Smathers as his running mate. However he faced a walkout led by Orval Fabus. In the general election, he narrowly trailed Nixon's tally in the popular vote but lost the electoral vote by a wide margin. After the defeat, he retired from politics and returned to Minnesota. He would teach at Macalester College in St. Paul until his death in 1978.
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(all text recognizable is from Humphrey's OTL Wikipage)
Light of the Nation - Part 2: Watergate Baby BoomLight of the Nation - Part 1: A Tale of Two Belts
Hubert Humphrey wanted to be President. He wanted it desperately. He had wanted it for years. But he was also dying of cancer. Swallowing his dreams, he sat down with his protégé and allies in the Unions and planned their attack.
But nomination was now a matter for the voters, not smoked filled rooms. Superior organization and establishment support helped Mondale win early primaries, but Mo Udall and, especially, Jimmy Carter provided tougher than expected challenges.
Scoop Jackson’s campaign never really developed. But Carter took the South from George Wallace. This was a problem for Mondale, since Carter had appeal outside the South. Udall faded outside of the west, but still gobbled up delegates there.
However when the race moved North, Mondale quashed his opposition like so many bugs. Every Union Hall from to Buffalo came out for Fritz, and he enjoyed a significant fundraising advantage. Key endorsements like Frank Church helped as well.
A key victory in California both proved his viability in the west, and secured enough delegates to ensure his nomination. It had not been the smoothest road, but he had never fallen behind either.
Mondale accepted the nomination before a raucous NYC crowd.
He had already announced his running mate: Jimmy Carter. Carter was ideal. Mondale’s strongest rival, he added outsider appeal after Watergate, and he could help balance out Mondale’s admitted “Sun Belt Problem.”
The ticket opened with a wide lead over President Ford.
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I'm aware that this may sound like a dumb question but how does one post a wikibox they made in the Wikipedia Sandbox here? Like I've made my very first wikibox through editing the sandbox and want to post it but I'm not sure what to do? Save as on my laptop downloads the page I'm on (Editing Wikipedia:Sandbox) but it changes the font and takes away the box from the wikibox. Do I have to press Publish Changes in the sandbox in order to save it or something like that? I'm really new to this.