Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1967) served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-1956. During his time as Prime Minister, the United Kingdom shared especially close relationship with the United States, and nations of the Commonwealth. His domestic policies were overshadowed by many foreign policy crises, such as the Mau Mau and the Malayan Emergency, and the struggles of Britain to remain the worlds foremost military power.
Churchill, realizing he was becoming ill resigned the post of Prime Minister in January 1956, and was succeeded by Anthony Eden, another Briton who would leave his mark on the nation and the world. Churchill died from complications of a stroke in 1967 and was given an elaborate state funeral with dignataries from over 100 nations paying their final respect for the man who led Britain to victory in World War II.
Churchill suffered a stroke in July 1966, and died in January 1967. He was honoured around the world. His funeral saw the largest assemblage of statesmen in history.