Publius Isauricus dies and Marcus Terentius Varro becomes the new president of the Senate. Cleopatra leaves for Egypt to begin building an army for Caesar’s future war against Parthia. Agrippa defeats a small Dacian uprising led by the warrior Klicese, but is recalled to Rome by Octavian and the Senate in July to deal with Sextus Pompey, the son of Pompey the Great, who controls Sicily, and thus controls much Roman trade in the region. He arrives in Rome in November and begins building a fleet with which to attack Sicily.
Caesar looses the Battle of Burvi Pass to Valitinius in April and is forced to retreat south to Chatti lands. Caesar finally finishes the subjugation of the Chatti and Cherusci tribes in late September, ending with the capture and execution of Valitinius. Valitinius’ son, Brevonus takes over the leadership of the small Germanic confederation that has developed as a result of the Roman invasion. Antony remains in the east, destroying several large tribal towns, culminating in the Battle of Norvunm in July in which Antony utterly destroys the berserker army of Venedi warchief, Celetius. Scipio completes his campaign for the year by defeating and then allying with the Saxones, who aid him in the next year against the Langobardi.
The Parthians, led by general Pacorus, invade Roman Syria, but are defeated by Publius Ventidius. Orodes II of Parthia dies and Phraates IV becomes the Parthian king.