Agrippa creates the Portus Julius in the modern day submerged town of Puteolus as a result of the massive naval fleet he is assembling to attack Sicily. Late in the year, he sails for Sicily to defeat Sextus Pompey. Philipatos contributes one of the most important ideas to the incomplete third portion of the Lex Legis Magnus, the idea that the law can be amended with a majority vote at any time in the future, or the Principle of Emendabilus as it is known today. Cleopatra and a small Egyptian/Roman army of 15,000 men destroy the small Parthian army based in Judae. The Roman Empire officially annexes Judae in September after the Egyptian commander Pharxes crushes the Parthian army at the Battle of Be’er Sheva and occupies Jerusalem. Herod the Great becomes the King of Judae. Parthian King, Phraates IV accepts a cease fire with the Roman Empire.
Antony campaigns up to OTL Baltic Sea to the mouth of the Vistula River where he builds Castrum Vistulus, an important Roman fort and sea port, which in modern times houses the largest European store of Roman nuclear weapons. Antony fights several small battles against the Rugii and Gepidi tribes, finally annihilating the Gepidi tribe, while allying with the Rugii in July. One Rugii chief in particular, Gaerti, swears allegiance to Antony and Rome and begins campaigning with the Roman army along the Oder River later in the year. Scipio uses his Saxon allies to defeat the Langobardi in the Battle of the Cold Hills in mid-December. Scipio is the only Roman commander up to this point to campaign extensively during the winter. This, according to Livy is one of the main reasons for his swift, crushing victories in Germania: Scipio surprised many of the Germanic chiefs who did not expect to see a large campaigning Roman army in the middle of winter. The Battle of the Cold Hills sees a crushing victory for Scipio in which he completely destroys a 45,000 man army of the Langobardi, but does suffer large casualties himself. Caesar campaigns north toward Scipio’s army most of the year, finishing the destruction of smaller Germanic armies and towns. By the end of the year, nearly 100,000 German slaves are either following Caesar’s army or are returned to Rome to be sold. Caesar stops along the Elbe to rest his army until the Spring.