Save contrary mention, the maps are using the RCS colour scheme.
† : Map or patch using an obsolete colour scheme
‡ : Possibly erroneous map or patch
Some enterprising mapmakers have gone beyond the scope of human history to chart the development of the planet's landmasses in parts of the Kenozoic era.
Early Chinese Dynasties
The Xia Dynasty (-2070 to -1600) and the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC - 1046 BC) at their height/approximate level of control.
Greek and Phoenician colonisation - (-550)
Overseas colonization in and around the Mediterranean of the Greek and Phoenician civilizations.
Persian Empire - (-500)
Maximum extent of the Persian Empire in 500 BC.
Macedonian Empire - (-312)
Maximum extent of the Macedonian Empire in 323 BC, with its Satraps detailed and neighbouring states shown.
Chinese Han Dynasty - (-206)
Social War - (-90)
Social War at its height
Roman Empire - (117)
Maximum extent of the Roman Empire and its client kingdoms in 117 AD, with the Imperial and Senatorial provinces detailed.
Roman Empire - (395)
Subdivisions of the Roman Empire after Diocletian reforms : Provinces and Dioceses, Dioceses, Prefectures
Byzantine Empire - (610 to 1450) †
Evolution of the Byzantine Empire from its reconquest of West Roman territory to its overthrow by the Ottoman Turks.
Ridda Wars - (632-635)
Arab Conquests - (632 - 715)
Al-Andalus - (714 - 970)
Mediterranean Basin - 717
Byzantine Empire - 1050
Crusader States - 1140
Black Death (1341-1350)
Aztec Empire - (1427 to 1519)
Inca Empire - (1533)
Extent of the Incan Empire and its four provinces in 1533, based on various conflicting sources.