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Resources : Military History and Facts

A collection of resources on military history. Just like with other resource pages on the wiki, we try to make this page as one-stop as possible, for reading and research convenience.

a.) General recommendations

An excellent online military history encyclopedia

International Encyclopedia of Uniform Insignia - exactly what it says-images of insignia and uniforms of nearly every country, some going back to the 18th and 19th century.

Doc What's massive list of links about maritime history (mostly military stuff)

Uniform prototypes, transitional and ephemeral uniforms thread, courtesy of Marc Pasquin

Archives of the War Times Journal

Military Casualties Spreadsheet

The Army Children Archive (TACA) - Collects, records, preserves and shares details of the unique aspects of growing up as the child of a soldier serving in the British Army, from the seventeenth to the twenty-first centuries.

The Ask me about Oriental warfare thread, courtesy of King of Malta

British Battles.com - A great site about British military history, from antiquity to the present.

Regiments.org - The history of the regiments in the land forces of Britain, the British Empire and the Commonwealth of Nations

A Brief Primer on French Military History, courtesy of caspian88

Premodern Scouting/Reconnaissance Tactics

Anatomy of the Sword and Terminology of Medieval and Renaissance Sword Forms - Basic sword terminology.


b.) Ground Warfare

Resources pertaining to various forms of ground warfare throughout human history.


Prehistory

Tools from the Stone Age - A very detailed website about stone age tools and hunting weapons. While a very simple design, the site has highly informative text and plenty of images in each article. As an example, here's an article on spear-throwers (atlatls).

Paleoarts.net - “Imaginative recreations of Stone Age tools, weapons and artifacts.”

PaleoPlanet Forums - A discussion board for enthusiasts of experimental archeology (mostly focused on prehistoric and/or primitive crafts and tools).

Non-metal melee weapons (bladed and blunt) - Examples of effective non-metal melee weapons from various cultures around the world, throughout human history.

How to Make Otzi The Iceman Gear - A video playlist on Neolithic archery and making Neolithic archery and hunting gear.

Bronze Age weaponry and warfare - A playlist collecting useful videos on Bronze Age prehistoric and ancient weapons from various parts of the world. Mostly covers bladed weapons and polearms, but also some armour, cavalry and chariot related stuff.


Antiquity

Ancient Military.com - Probably the best site on the internet concerning warfare from the dawn of written history to the early Middle Ages. Very concise, full of info, recommended.

The Polynesian Bow - An article by E. Tregear at the Journal of the Polynesian Society, examining the possible reasons behind the rarity of the bow among Polynesian ethnicities. Also have a look at this and this article.

Buried Soldiers May Be Victims of Ancient Chemical Weapon - An article about the potential use of simple chemical weapons in wars between Romans and Persians.

The Roman Army - A complete historical overview.

Roman military tactics and Byzantine military tactics

Discussion on whether the legion really was that superior to the phalanx as an infantry concept

Roman Military Equipment

Archaeological finds of Roman military equipment

Iron of the Empire : The History and Development of the Roman Gladius

Why the spatha ?

Warfare and weapons in antiquity - A playlist collecting useful videos on warfare in antiquity, between late prehistory (ca the early Bronze Age) and the Middle Ages (476-1500 AD). Topics include period armours and weapons, types of armies, styles of fighting, ancient military strategies and tactics, and so on. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.


The Middle Ages

General reading and resources

Medieval Warfare - An overview of subjects like logistics, etc.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook (ORB) - At the Fordham University website.

deremilitari.com - Thorough, includes lots of website recommendations for medieval military historians. Be sure to check out the primary sources section, it is very useful.

The Myths of Medieval Warfare

Medieval thinking on war

The Military Revolution from a Medieval Perspective

Caste, Skill, and Training: The Evolution of Cohesion in European Armies from the Middle Ages to the Sixteenth Century

Byzantine & Ottoman Imperial, Court, Military & Civil Ranks - Prepared by Sargon

Kings, Clergy and War at the Time of the Carolingians

The origins of Merovingian military organization in the late Roman Empire

Warfare and Society in the Carolingian Ostmark

Chaucer's Knight and the Medieval Laws of War

Wars and Warriors in Gregory of Tours' Histories I-IV

The Crusades - The article highlights the significance of Egypt to this era of military campaigns.

Who Went on The Crusades ?

Origins of the Nizari Isma'Ilis and the Assassins

Medieval France: Armies and Navies

Medieval War Bibliography - Comprehensive as of 1998.

Links to Important Medieval Battles

In Search of the Oriflamme - About the historic battle banner of the French monarchy.

Recruiting, Organization, Tactics

Pay for the Troops - Mercenaries, Plunder and Ransom

War Finance in Aragon

Italy and the Companies of Adventure

Capture the Knight Alive! - Agincourt Ransoms (1415)

The Ransom of Oliver Guesclin (1378/9)

Teenagers at War in the Middle Ages

Kievan Rus - The Struggle for Control (1235/6)

Turks in Europe (1305-13) - Serbs in Asia Minor (1313)

The Albigensian Crusade (1209-1255)

Warfare in Fourteenth Century Hungary, from the Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum

The Battle Charge in the Latin East (1192-1291)

Franks as depicted in contemporary Muslim sources - The article covers depictions from the crusades of the 12th century.

War in the Middle Ages, Philippe Contamine

African steel making - An article and a podcast episode on the subject.

Weaponry and weapon wielding

Antique Arms - Excellent links page to dozens of online weapons collections.

Terminology of Medieval and Renaissance Sword Forms - A highly recommended article.

Knightly Arms and Plebian Arms

Medieval and Renaissance Archers - Links page.

A nice database of articles about the history of archery in various eras and regions of Earth

bigbowbrum - The YouTube channel of the historical reenactment group The Company of Holyrood, dedicated to the study, research and practical recreation of medieval archery.

Imperial Mongols - Nomad Armament and Home Made Weaponry

Medieval and early modern armour and melee - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) melee fighting (swordfighting, polearms, hafted weapons, shields, etc.) and types of armour (padded, mail, plate, helmets, footwear, etc.). Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

Medieval and early modern archery and firearms - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) ranged fighting with bows, crossbows and the earliest firearms. Also includes videos on military archer and early modern gunner equipment, clothing and armour, and even some bowyery tutorials. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

Schola Gladiatoria - The official YT channel of Schola Gladiatoria (London/Manchester historical arms school), in which various popular misconceptions about historical weaponry and armour are analysed and debunked. Also features various fencing and melee combat video tutorials and lectures.

Sword Fighting As It Was For the Vikings

Swordfighting with the German longsword

How were two-handed swords carried outside of combat ? - A video explaining the various ways of carrying around a two-handed sword while travelling, holstered and unholstered.

On Medieval Crossbows...

Forms of European edged weaponry

Understanding blade properties of swords

Bibliography on polearms

The Shield: An Abridged History of its Use and Development

Loades, M.; Dennis, P.: The Crossbow, Osprey Publishing, 1st edition 2018, ISBN 978-1472824608

Armour, clothing and equipment

Miscellaneous useful bibliography on armour

Arms and Armor—Common Misconceptions and Frequently Asked Questions - Excellent FAQ/overview of some common (and annoying) misconceptions about armour, courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum website.

Arms and Armor historical info at the Costumer's Manifesto website

Historic Arms and Armor Collections - A discussion forum dedicated to the topic.

Carolingian Arms and Armor in the 9th Century

Metallurgy and Production of European Armor

M.A.I.L.org - “M.A.I.L. (Maille Artisans International League) is an international community of artisans and volunteers dedicated to the advancement of the chainmaille artform. We aim to encourage the sharing and spreading of information, archiving as many techniques and weaves as possible.”

Medieval Arms and Armor Page - Armor and costumes from Charlemagne to Louis XIII, A. Racinet 1888.

The Armour Archive - All about period armour. Resources, essays, links, and much more !

Erik D. Schmid - The website of an armour-making specialist.

Islamic Armour, article by A. Rahman Zahy. Downloadable in .pdf format.

French medieval armour

Manufacturing full plate armour

Dressing in Steel: Part One & Part Two - A lecture about period armour making.

Medieval and early modern armour and melee - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) melee fighting (swordfighting, polearms, hafted weapons, shields, etc.) and types of armour (padded, mail, plate, helmets, footwear, etc.). Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

Schola Gladiatoria - The official YT channel of Schola Gladiatoria (London/Manchester historical arms school), in which various popular misconceptions about historical weaponry and armour are analysed and debunked. Also features various fencing and melee combat video tutorials and lectures.

Medieval and early modern archery and firearms - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) ranged fighting with bows, crossbows and the earliest firearms. Also includes videos on military archer and early modern gunner equipment, clothing and armour, and even some bowyery tutorials. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

Horses, cavalry and knighthood

Horse Armor - A nice educational poster, courtesy of the Royal Armouries association.

The Norman Horse Bit - An article about an archeological find of Norman cavalry equipment (courtesy of Channel 4's Time Team website).

Mounted Infantry in Medieval Warfare

Knighthood, Chivalry & Tournament - A glossary of terms.

Practical Chivalry: The Training of Horses for Tournaments and Warfare

La Régle du Temple as a Military Manual - How to deliver a cavalry charge.

Tournaments from the 11th to the 17th century

Fortifications

Glossary of castle terminology (in two pages)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Fortifications Fortifications terminology - Overview of various fortification-related terms and concepts, by form, era and local context.

Motte and Bailey Castles and Ringworks

Castle Building in Central Europe - The international background.

Medieval Siege Warfare - A Reconnaissance

Castle Warfare during the Reign of English King Stephen (1135-1154)

The Siege of Nottingham Castle in 1194

Dover Castle and the Great Siege of 1216

Guédelon - A long-running French experimental archeology project, which aims to create a fully working 13th century castle and its surrounding manor using only authentic medieval techniques and crafts.

Castles of Europe (+ Turkey, Jordan, Morocco and the USA) - Only brief overviews, but useful.

Forts, Refuge Rocks and Defensive Sites: The_Antiquity of Warfare along the North Pacific Coast of North America - Archaeological research article by Jon Erlandson and Madonna L. Moss, in downloadable .pdf format, on the native fortifications used in the Pacific Northwest.

Siege Engines, Siege Equipment, Early Firearms and Early Artillery

Medieval mechanical artillery - Catapults, trebuchets, ballistas and other projectile siege engines.

Balance Throwing, Siege Engines of the Middle Ages

Demonstrations of Medieval War Machines - At historic Chateaux in France.

Trebuchet - An excellent article on this type of siege engine, published in Scientific American in July 1995.

Les armes de siège du Moyen Age - French-language website about medieval mechanical siege engines, with detailed typology and plenty of visual material.

Byzantines, Avars and the Introduction of the Trebuchet

Byzantine Heavy Artillery - The Helepolis

Oliver of Paderborn and his siege engine at Damietta (Egypt, 1219, The Fifth Crusade)

Gunpowder and Arab Firearms in the Middle Ages - An older research article, available for download in .pdf format.

Ulrich Bretscher's Black Powder Page - Featuring lots of interesting articles on medieval firearms, e.g. The two oldest handguns of Switzerland.

Handgonnes and Matchlocks - A history of firearms until 1500 AD.

Gunpowder Weapons of the 15th Century

Medieval and early modern archery and firearms - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) ranged fighting with bows, crossbows and the earliest firearms. Also includes videos on military archer and early modern gunner equipment, clothing and armour, and even some bowyery tutorials. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

The First Cannons

15th Century Gunpowder Artillery

15th Century Iron Bombards

Joan of Arc and Gunpowder Weapons - The use of artillery and firearms at the Siege of Orleans (1429).

Warfare and Firearms in Fifteenth Century Morocco (1400-1492)

Cannon and the Fall of Constantinople

A discussion about central and eastern European artillery of the 16th century

Characteristics of Medieval Artillery in the Light of Written Sources from Bohemia and Poland - A downloadable .pdf article at Academia.edu.

Wooden cannons - Though quite rare and not built of wood alone, they saw some use in history.


The Early Modern Era

Castles of Europe (+ Turkey, Jordan, Morocco and the USA) - Only brief overviews, but useful.

Starforts.com - An extensive site on starforts of the early modern period worldwide.

North American forts and fortifications of the 16th-19th century

Novum Instrumentum Geometricum (1607) - “Illustrations from Leonhard Zubler’s Novum Instrumentum Geometricum (1607). Zubler was a Swiss goldsmith and instrument maker who is credited with introducing the use of the plane table into modern surveying. This book demonstrates the use of his instruments in techniques of triangulation, particularly in the context of warfare.” Courtesy of The Public Domain Review.

A discussion about central and eastern European artillery of the 16th century

Renaissance Warfare - Series of articles by George Gush.

Terminology of Medieval and Renaissance Sword Forms - A highly recommended article.

Articles on Renaissance era armies by nation:
Burgundian, English, French, Irish, Italian, Polish, Scottish, Spanish, Swiss

Armies of military orders during the Renaissance

16th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers

From lance to pistol: The Evolution of Mounted Soldiers from 1550 to 1600

Article on burgonet helmets

Swordfighting with the Italian rapier

Article on English Swords of 1600-1650

The Decline of the Longbow - Article on the nature and use of the longbow during the Tudor period.

Bibliography on historical firearms

Medieval and early modern archery and firearms - A playlist collecting useful videos on medieval (476-1500 AD) and early modern (1500-1700 AD) ranged fighting with bows, crossbows and the earliest firearms. Also includes videos on military archer and early modern gunner equipment, clothing and armour, and even some bowyery tutorials. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

English Civil War Military Research & English Civil War Resources - Collections of articles at MarquisOfWinchester.co.uk.

Article on the history of the Winged Hussars of Poland

Resources on the Thirty Years War

British cannon design 1600-1800 - Detailed, very useful site.

Weapons and armour of the early modern and 18th century Abyssinian Empire

Swords in the Virginia Muster of 1624/25

Timothy B. Riordan, The Plundering Time: Maryland in the English Civil War, 1642-1650. Maryland Historical Society, 2005.

Pestana, Carla Gardina (2004). The English Atlantic in an Age of Revolution, 1640–1661. Harvard University Press


18th century

North American forts and fortifications of the 16th-19th century

Forts of Pennsylvania in American History - About 18th century forts, colonial forts and blockhouses in today's state of Pennsylvania. French and Indian War, American Revolutionary War.

War of the Spanish Succession - A nice summary site about the conflict.

Bibliography on historical firearms

Pennsylvanian Long Rifles - Website of a working replica manufacturer, includes a lot of detailed info on the history and variants of the Pennsylvania Long Rifle.

The British Army: 1 February 1793 by Rob McGuigan

Women in 18th century warfare

18th century soldier food and cooking

Swedish field artillery and artillery tactics in the early 18th century

Tin Case-Shot or Canister Shot in the 18th Century (article by Adrian B. Caruana)

British cannon design 1600-1800 - Detailed, very useful site.

Lighter cannons of the 18th century

Weapons and armour of the early modern and 18th century Abyssinian Empire

Farmcarts to Fords: A History of the Military Ambulance 1790-1925 by John S. Haller, Jr. (1992)

How to Shop for the Revolutionary War - Old crafts in the civilian and military life of 18th century North America.

18th and 19th century warfare and weapons - A playlist collecting useful videos on 18th and 19th century era weaponry and warfare, with a focus on infantry, cavalry and artillery, and on general or civilian usage of handheld weapons. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.

North American Sioux Indian Archery


19th century

A great website for info on the Napoleonic Wars

A good site on French Revolutionary and Napoleonic era cavalry commanders

European armies of the Napoleonic Wars and the early 19th century

How much maths must a Napoleonic artillery officer know?

1858 photos of Napoleonic Wars veterans

California Military History

Collection of photographs related to the Paris Commune

The Russo-Japanese War - The ultimate website about one of the first modern wars prior to WWI.

Mambi Soldiers Database - Searchable data base of participants in Cuba's War of Independence against Spain 1895-1898.

War of 1812 : Privateers - This site includes both American and British privateers – where possible accompanied by images of original documents.Includes some crew lists of American privateers captured by the Royal Navy. Work in progress but looks good so far.

Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775-1900

La Flotte de Napoléon III - French language site on the French fleet during 1850-1870.

The Armies of Europe (in 1855) by Frederick Engels

Discussion on the nature of 18th century to mid-19th century warfare in North America

Analysis of the strength of the British armed forces in 1862, courtesy of 67th Tigers.

Union Army Uniforms and Insignia of the American Civil War 1861-1865 - Military history website, presented by Dr. Howard G. Lanham.

Texas Confederate Military Page - Contains a list of abbreviations commonly used in Confederate records; a list of Confederate military camps in Texas and their general location if known; a list of Confederate companies furnished by each county in Texas.

How lever action firearms work - A quick video (20 seconds) that explains the lever action mechanism popular in some 19th century repeater rifles.

18th and 19th century warfare and weapons - A playlist collecting useful videos on 18th and 19th century era weaponry and warfare, with a focus on infantry, cavalry and artillery, and on general or civilian usage of handheld weapons. Arranged by topic and in rough chronological / historical order.


20th century : General resources

ForgottenWeapons.com - Good if you're searching for some rarer firearms as a possible source of inspiration.

The Modern Firearms Database

Brendon's Helmets - Website cataloguing 20th century military steel helmets of countries throughout the world.

Combathelmets.blogspot.com - A nice blog specializing in military helmets of the 20th century. Lots of photos and other visual material.

Kamouflage.net - Modern uniforms and their camouflage patterns (includes extensive country-by-country overview).

Gasmasks.net - Quite possibly the best gas masks focused factual website on the Internet. Includes a handy, easily browsable database of gas masks by nation of origin.

TankMuseum.org - Covers lots of early and older tanks from various countries.

Tanks ! - “Armoured warfare prior to 1946.” Features nation-by-nation overviews.

WarWheels.net - “Rollin' since 2005.” A website dedicated to gathering all manner of information on armoured cars, APCs and IFVs. Features nation-by-nation overviews.

Softskin military vehicles picture thread, courtesy of AMF

A nice site about French tanks and armoured vehicles throughout the ages

MilitaryFactory.com

Rejected Military Vehicles Thread

Secret Projects.co.uk - Unbuilt projects of aerospace and military technology.

Military Index to the Internet - Not the most prettiest page on the internet but a ridiculous number of links to all manner of things military. A whole crapload of military strategy guides and historical documents are included. You can spend hours on this page and find all kinds of useful stuff.

Famous soldiers biography recommendations - A thread where AH.commers recommend to each other factual biographies of famous individual combatants of the 20th century.

A daft wee question about salutes

Silenced revolvers ?


20th century : World War One

1914-1918 Online.net - The International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Don't forget to visit the WWI Websites recommendation list, in addition to the encyclopedia's contents themselves.

The Economics of World War I

Resources on European Militiaries c. 1900-1910

The Landships site and the site's forum - The holy grail of World War One military tech websites. WWI geeks can find an incredible amount of useful information and historic photos here. Looking for very obscure military vehicles or equipment ? This site won't dissapoint you !

Uniforms of the Great War

La Grande Guerre - Blog about France in WWI. Includes articles on stuff like French WWI uniforms.

A blog about WWI armoured cars (lots of pictures and visual aids)

The K.U.K. Database of Doppeladler.com - A great and comprehensive site about the Austro-Hungarian military as a whole, but you need to understand German.

Austro-hungarian-army.co.uk - A very detailed site about the Austro-Hungarian army.

Military tech and weaponry of the Austro-Hungarian army (19th and 20th century)

WWI Photos and Multimedia Database

WWI Colour Photos

WWI Posters

Vintage WWI Audio and Video

Propaganda postcards of WWI

Rare WWI and WWII posters

WWI Document Archive

The War Illustrated

About Plan 1919

Canada and the Great War

The Canadian Great War Project - The largest fully searchable database of Canadians serving in the First World War, or other nationalities who served in the CEF. The site differs from others like the Libraries and Archive Canada sites, or the Canadian Virtual War Memoria by making all information, including birthplace or next of kin, available as part of the search criteria, making it very useful for genealogical research. There are currently over 70,000 entries, with more being added daily.The site includes many other features, including transcribed/searchable war diaries, book reviews, transcribed letters, images and statistics on Canada in the Great War.

For King and Empire - Canada's Soldiers in The Great War

Canadian War Brides of the First World War

The Long, Long Trail - The British Army in WWI. A resource for military historians, genealogists and others with an interest in the Great War of 1914-1918.

Belgian Armoured Cars in Russia

A Guide to the British Expeditionary Force's Artillery

Soldiers of Glocestershire - This site has a searchable on line database of over 40,000 names of those who served in the Gloucestershire Regiment during the First World War.

France and Verdun in 1916 - All sorts of things about Verdun.

Indian Infantry Regiments of WWI - A ten-page PDF document on Indian Regiments during WWI, listing their locations and war service.

History of the Great War : Military operations Togoland and the Cameroons (1914-1916) - Courtesy of the Hathi Trust.org digital library catalogues. Viewable. Also downloadable with login.

World War I Through the Lens of one Private's Camera - John E. Schroeder's photo Diary of World War I documenting from his enlistment in late in 1917 through the end of the war, the early occupation of Germany and his return to the USA. Many of his fellow soldiers are named on this site.

French Army organization and order or battle

28th North-West Battalion Headquarters

Secret WWI spy files have been made available online

Automated Geneoalogy - This project involves searching the 1901 indexed census at automatedgenealogy for info on the soldiers on the memorial site (also the Archive WWI site) and providing a link from the 1901 census to the two sites listed.

WWI in Photos

War Composers - A site dedicated to retelling the stories of the generation of classical composers who fought in World War I.

CentennaryNews.com - Website dedicated to commemorating the entire centennial of the First World War during the 2014-2018 period. Lots of resources and news.

WWI Historical Association

British Military Nurses and the Great War: a Guide to the Services

BBC WWI Home Front Podcast - Freely donwloadable episodes.

Organization of the British Army in WWI


20th century : The Interwar Period

Assault Chariots in Pictures - A Czech website with an excellent collection of historical and contemporary photos of interwar Czechoslovak armoured vehicles (including armoured cars, tanks, tank destroyers, armoured rail vehicles, etc.). For further use of the photos, please consult the site's admin first.

Engines of the Red Army - Military motor vehicles of the Soviet Union.


20th century : World War Two

Axis History Forum - Mainly WWII, covers several other areas. Use the search function!

Thread with lots of useful books listed - Use this thread to add useful books regarding the Pacific War (WW2) or if you need some resources.

WWII Poster Collection

Rare WWI and WWII posters

WWII Military Situation Maps - This site contains maps showing troop positions beginning on June 6, 1944 to July 26, 1945. Starting with the D-Day Invasion, the maps give daily details on the military campaigns in Western Europe. Some of the sheets are accompanied by a declassified G-3 Report giving detailed information on troop positions. Also includes an interactive essay about the Battle of the Bulge.

WWII in the Pacific

The Kokoda Trail - A very nice site about battles in an oft-forgotten theatre of World War II : Australian and Japanese fighting in New Guinea. Comes with a set of nifty animated maps.

HyperWar : The United States Army in WWII

Jane's - World War II Tanks and Fighting Vehicles - The Complete Guide - An official open source pdf edition of the book. Officially free of charge.

Some details about planned variations and modifications to the famous V-2 weapon

French order of battle 1940 plus the Netherlands, Belgium and the British Expeditionary Force

An overview of British forces available to face a potential Operation Sealion

A very detailed account of Operation Uranus. Tad bit long, but very informative

AlliedFlightGear.com - Allied flight gear in WWII.


20th century : The Cold War

NATO Order of Battle - Detailed Order of Battle for NATO and Neutral European States in 1989. Useful for timelines about WWIII.

Warsaw Pact Order of Battle - Detailed Order of Battle for the Warsaw Pact in 1989. Useful for timelines about WWIII.

General Cold War Bibliography, courtesy of Macragge1.

Soviet Forces and Capabilities in the Southern Theatre of Military Operations - A CIA document outlining Soviet capabilities for various scenarios involving Iran, Pakistan and the Persian Gulf littoral states.

Invasion Of Iran Simulated Mock Raid Staged By Soviets In 1980

Soviet Civil Defense booklet from 1986

List of countries that had ongoing conflicts in 1984, courtesy of Tsochar

Discussion on Warsaw Pact invasion routes, courtesy of Top Hats Daily

Soviet Forces and Capabilities in the Southern Theatre of Military Operations - A CIA document outlining Soviet capabilities for various scenarios involving Iran, Pakistan and the Persian Gulf littoral states.

Invasion Of Iran simulated mock raid staged by Soviets in 1980

South African Armour of the Bush War and Border War

Project Islero: Franco's nuclear bomb

Firearms of the Haiti and other Caribbean militaries during the 1960s

Images of common and rare Soviet firearms of the Cold War period

MapSymbs Homepage - Tom Mouat's NATO Military Map Marking Symbols as TrueType Fonts, and other Military related Resources.

Ortelium Symbol Factory - Online generator tool for military map symbols (primarily NATO standards).


1990s - Present

Latin American Light Weapons National Inventories

Special forces of various countries, courtesy of various AH.commers

MapSymbs Homepage - Tom Mouat's NATO Military Map Marking Symbols as TrueType Fonts, and other Military related Resources.

Ortelium Symbol Factory - Online generator tool for military map symbols (primarily NATO standards).

Articles on modern non-lethal and incapacitating weapons


c.) Naval Warfare

Resources pertaining to various forms of seaborne warfare throughout human history.


Antiquity and the Middle Ages (2nd millenium BC - 16th century AD)

The Age of Sail (16th-19th century)

Sailing warships of all Nations - A must see site, offering complete listings of sailing warships for European countries and the USA.

Sailship Cannon History and Technology - The forged and cast cannons found on historical sailing ships.

Sailing Navies - Comprehensive ship and officer listings (1650-1850 AD).

The British Royal Navy in the late 18th and early 19th century

US Ships of the Line

Officers of the Continental and U.S. Navy and Marine Corps (1775-1900)

Dictionary of American fighting ships

American Shipbuilding in the Heyday of Sail

Complete Descriptive List or Muster Roll of the Crew of the U.S. Gunboat Commodore Morris on the Thirty first day of March, 1864 - Roll of personnel aboard the vessel for the period; includes details of nativity, state of enlistment, age, occupation and personal description.

Complete Descriptive List or Muster Roll of the Crew of the U.S. Steamer Florida on the First day of October, 1863 - Roll of personnel aboard the vessel for the period; includes details of nativity, state of enlistment, age, occupation and personal description.

Complete Descriptive Muster Roll of the Crew of the U.S.S. Minnesota on the First day of January, 1865

Complete List or Muster Roll of the Crew of the U.S. Steam Frigate Niagara on the Thirty first day of December, 1864 - Roll of personnel aboard the vessel for the period; includes details of nativity, state of enlistment, age, occupation and personal description.

Muster Roll of the CSS Sea Bird - A muster roll of the Confederate Naval Vessel Sea Bird with additional data from other sources.

Register of Confederate Naval Patients in the C.S. Hospital Ship St. Philip at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1861-1862 - Register of Confederate naval patients, which includes personal details.

Register of Confederate Naval Patients in the Charity Hospital at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1861

Information on various mid-Victorian era vessels of the British Royal Navy

Dictionary of American fighting ships

American Shipbuilding in the Heyday of Sail


Modern navies (19th, 20th & 21st century)

The Development of Fire Control Systems on Warships - Prepared by Sargon (hopefully with future additions from other members of The Battleship Brothers).

Kaiserliche Marine ranks and other info - Very useful for anyone who wants to use the Imperial German Navy in their writings.

Navy Matters - The post-WWII history and future plans of the British Royal Navy.

Plans and prototypes of French warships

The WIG Page - The largest page on Wing in Ground Vehicles / Ground Effect Vehicles / Ekranoplans on the Internet.

Historic Naval Ships of the World - Various countries, mostly modern older ships and submarines.

Crew of a 19th/early 20th century naval ship ?

US Navy ship blueprints - Courtesy of the Historic Naval Ships Association, downloadable as .pdf format booklets. From the site: “Booklets of general plans online. Below are typical booklets of general plans (ship drawings). We are always looking for scans of booklet of general plans, docking plans, etc. for new classes of ships. We always provide all the pages of the booklet that we have been able to find. The quality varies because most of these have been scanned from original booklets that have been used aboard ship. In many cases these were glued together into the booklet requiring multiple scan or photos that are then pieced together with a computer. Others are scans from copies of copies.”

Naval Manuals & Documents - Courtesy of the Historic Naval Ships Association.

US Ships of the Line

Royal Navy Research Guides (Royal Museum Greenwich)

Dictionary of American figting ships

U-boat.net - List of WWII axis submarines, allied warships with some detail.

U-Boat Movements (1939-1945)


d.) Aerial Warfare

Resources pertaining to various forms of aerial warfare throughout human history.

The Aerodrome - THE site about WWI era military aviation. Includes a nice forum.

WWI Aviation - Another very good site about WWI in the air.

Rosebud's Early Aeroplanes Photo Database - An amazing and rich database of early 20th century and WWI aviation photos. Highly recommended.

WWI Aviation Blog - Great blog, lots of aircraft profile art from the era and the early post-WWI years.

Airpower in Mesopotamia during the 1920 Revolt - A .pdf article.

The Zeppelin Library Archive

The Airship Heritage trust - Another very good site about airships. Mainly the ill-fated British zeppelins, but also zeppelins and blimps from other countries and various eras.

Flying Boats and Fellow Travellers - British flying boats of the interwar period, WWII and the 1950s.

B-17 Propeller Noise Simulation

National Museum of the USAF

Project 1947: Green Fireball Chronology - Some details about planned variations and modifications to the famous V-2 weapon.

Virtual Aircraft Museum

Drawn schematics of various military and civilian aircraft database

Wings Palette - An even bigger database of various aircraft schematics and camouflages, both by manufacturer and country of origin.

Unreal Aircraft - A great site specializing in curious aircraft designs in the history of aviation. A lot of the stuff you can see there wouldn't look out of place in Crimson Skies. The site is currently down, but is available in archived form via Archive.org's Wayback Machine.

Luft '46 - A site dedicated to experimental German aircraft of WWII. Interesting stuff, but we urge you to not get too carried away by the CGI Luftwaffe or by thoughts about how these mean machines "could have totally won the war, dude !".

A Journal of Aviation History

The Online Archives of Flight Magazine - All archived content of Flight, a British magazine focused on aviation, from 1909 to 2005.

Roundels of the World

Roundels from around the world - Select one of the alphabetical lists to the left.

The Roundel and Military aircraft insignia articles on Wikipedia

Zeno's Warbird Videos - Old aviaton films and newsreel clips.

Bomberguy's YouTube Channel - An excellent, one-of-a-kind collection of old aviation-related newsreel videos.

Canada Aviation Museum - Has about 15,000 pictures on airplanes from the very earliest ones to the present day. The 'Artifacts' and 'Image Bank' sections are quite nice.

Canadian Air Aces and Heroes: WWI, WWII, and Korea

360° panoramas of aircraft interiors - Courtesy of Ken McBride. Features interiors of several civilian and military aircraft types of British manufacture.

The Small Air Forces Observer - A site/weblog that specializes on what it's name says. It is a good resource if you're looking for pictures from more obscure air forces.

Small Air Forces Blog - Similar to the above, but this is a pure blog.

Small Air Forces Thread #1, #3, #6, #8, #9, #10, #11, #12, #13, #14 and #15 (at the Key Publishing Ltd. Aviation Forums) - A good resource if you're looking for pictures of more obscure air forces. Mostly stuff from recent decades.

MiG-21.de - A nice site about MiG 21's worldwide.

L-39.cz - A great site (mostly in Czech) about the history, development and variants of the Aero L-39 Albatros.

"Best cheap combat aircraft you can purchase nowadays" discussion thread

Quick list of various historical military aircraft, courtesy of Delta Force


See Also

resources/military.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/11 05:48 by petike