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offtopic:german_politics [2019/08/19 15:54]
max_sinister [Political Parties]
offtopic:german_politics [2019/08/19 16:02] (current)
max_sinister [Coalitions] update
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 A coalition between the CDU (or recently the CSU as well) and the FDP, also called a christ-liberal or bourgeois (''​bürgerliche''​) coalition, especially in the times before said colour theory came about. It has been done multiple times on the federal level by Konrad Adenauer (1949-56 and 1961-63, the CDU was running all alone in-between),​ by Ludwig Erhard (1963-65), running longest under Helmut Kohl (1982-98) and then again by Angela Merkel (2009-13). A coalition between the CDU (or recently the CSU as well) and the FDP, also called a christ-liberal or bourgeois (''​bürgerliche''​) coalition, especially in the times before said colour theory came about. It has been done multiple times on the federal level by Konrad Adenauer (1949-56 and 1961-63, the CDU was running all alone in-between),​ by Ludwig Erhard (1963-65), running longest under Helmut Kohl (1982-98) and then again by Angela Merkel (2009-13).
  
-Current (June 2018) state governments of that type run in Northrhine-Westphalia. Another traditional stronghold of this option, Baden-Württemberg,​ was lost to Green-Red after recent elections got seriously affected by the Fukushima disaster.+Current (June 2018) state governments of that type run in Northrhine-Westphalia, of all places. Another traditional stronghold of this option, Baden-Württemberg,​ was lost to Green-Red after recent elections got seriously affected by the Fukushima disaster.
  
 Had no official name, although "​[[http://​de.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Tigerente|Tigerenten]]-Koalition"​ was suggested (maybe as a joke), and "bee (or wasp) coalition"​ would also work. Had no official name, although "​[[http://​de.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Tigerente|Tigerenten]]-Koalition"​ was suggested (maybe as a joke), and "bee (or wasp) coalition"​ would also work.
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 A coalition between the SPD and the Greens. The federal government of chancellor Gerhard Schröder (1998-2005) was a Red-Green one. It's been this coalition that really started the trend of naming coalitions for their parties'​ colours. A coalition between the SPD and the Greens. The federal government of chancellor Gerhard Schröder (1998-2005) was a Red-Green one. It's been this coalition that really started the trend of naming coalitions for their parties'​ colours.
  
-Current (June 2018) state governments of that type run in [[Bremen]] and [[Hamburg]].+Current (August 2019) state governments of that type run in [[Hamburg]], after the same coalition in [[Bremen]] lost its majority.
  
 Under opposite premises ("​Green-Red"​),​ Baden-Württemberg had this with the first-ever Green minister-president. Under opposite premises ("​Green-Red"​),​ Baden-Württemberg had this with the first-ever Green minister-president.
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 A coalition between the CDU and the Greens. This was unthinkable until very recently. Again, Hesse was the groundbreaker,​ with a surprisingly very stable coalition on city level being formed in Frankfurt. In 2008, a coalition on state level was formed in Hamburg; it seemed to fall apart about the matter of secret deals not revealed to the respective party bases only five months after the election and eventually did so when, after a referendum crushed plans for more comprehensive education (no matter how it had ended), Governing Mayor Ole von Beust as the staple that held Black-Green together retreated from the political scene. Premature elections came in February 2011 and led to an absolute SPD majority. A coalition between the CDU and the Greens. This was unthinkable until very recently. Again, Hesse was the groundbreaker,​ with a surprisingly very stable coalition on city level being formed in Frankfurt. In 2008, a coalition on state level was formed in Hamburg; it seemed to fall apart about the matter of secret deals not revealed to the respective party bases only five months after the election and eventually did so when, after a referendum crushed plans for more comprehensive education (no matter how it had ended), Governing Mayor Ole von Beust as the staple that held Black-Green together retreated from the political scene. Premature elections came in February 2011 and led to an absolute SPD majority.
  
-Current (June 2018) state governments of that type run in Hesse and, under opposite premises ("​Green-Black"​),​ in Baden-Württemberg.+Current (August 2019) state governments of that type run in Hesse and, under opposite premises ("​Green-Black"​),​ in Baden-Württemberg.
  
 == "​Red/​Red"​ == == "​Red/​Red"​ ==
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 Analogously a coalition between the SPD, the Green and the Linke, rarely seen in practice and therefore a rather theoretical idea, though there have been talks about making this after the stalemate in the Hesse elections (which eventually failed and led to premature elections and the resurrection of Roland Koch). Basically the same exotics and taboos of Red/Red alone apply here as well, but the addition of the Greens and their anti-authoritarian background contrasted to the SED background of the Linke makes this alignment even more complicated. A début in Saarland after the 2009 election would have clearly provided a majority for this, but the Greens eventually settled for another début, Jamaica as explained later. Analogously a coalition between the SPD, the Green and the Linke, rarely seen in practice and therefore a rather theoretical idea, though there have been talks about making this after the stalemate in the Hesse elections (which eventually failed and led to premature elections and the resurrection of Roland Koch). Basically the same exotics and taboos of Red/Red alone apply here as well, but the addition of the Greens and their anti-authoritarian background contrasted to the SED background of the Linke makes this alignment even more complicated. A début in Saarland after the 2009 election would have clearly provided a majority for this, but the Greens eventually settled for another début, Jamaica as explained later.
  
-The closest thing to Red-Red-Green ruling a state were the Red-Green minority government in various //länder// that depends on parliamental support of Die Linke, but since 2014, a certain Bodo Ramelow (first Linke minister president) leads an actual coalition like this - except that Die Linke is the strongest partner. Since 2016, [[Berlin]] has a genuine Red-Red-Green government, with the SPD leading.+The closest thing to Red-Red-Green ruling a state were the Red-Green minority government in various //länder// that depends on parliamental support of Die Linke, but since 2014, a certain Bodo Ramelow (first Linke minister president) leads an actual coalition like this - except that Die Linke is the strongest partner. Since 2016, [[Berlin]] has a genuine Red-Red-Green government, with the SPD leading. In 2019, Bremen followed suit.
  
 == "Grand Coalition"​ (Black/Red) == == "Grand Coalition"​ (Black/Red) ==
 The Grand Coalition (a coalition of the CDU and the SPD) derives its name from the fact that the two big parties in Germany form a coalition. Usually that's an emergency measure when no other option is unavailable (like in the current Bundestag, as Die Linke was shunned by all sides, as said), though on some state levels it is a true option of similar ideologies. Germany has been run by grand coalitions three times, once under Kurt-Georg Kiesinger (1966-69) and more recently under Angela Merkel (2005-09 and since 2013 again). The Grand Coalition (a coalition of the CDU and the SPD) derives its name from the fact that the two big parties in Germany form a coalition. Usually that's an emergency measure when no other option is unavailable (like in the current Bundestag, as Die Linke was shunned by all sides, as said), though on some state levels it is a true option of similar ideologies. Germany has been run by grand coalitions three times, once under Kurt-Georg Kiesinger (1966-69) and more recently under Angela Merkel (2005-09 and since 2013 again).
  
-Current (June 2018) state governments include those of Saarland, Saxony (lead by the CDU), and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Lower Saxony (lead by the SPD).+Current (August 2019) state governments include those of Saarland, Saxony (lead by the CDU), and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Lower Saxony (lead by the SPD).
  
 == "​Traffic Light Coalition"​ (Red/​Yellow/​Green) == == "​Traffic Light Coalition"​ (Red/​Yellow/​Green) ==
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 Though the term "​Jamaica Coalition"​ can be found in local German newspapers back into the 1990s, the widespread usage of the term first came up with the election night of 2005 when a public broadcasting commentator coined the term seperately. Before that night, the thought-experiment of a Black/​Yellow/​Green coalition has mostly been labeled with the portmanteau "//​Schwampel//"​ which derived from "//​schwarze Ampel//"​ or Black Traffic Light where the red colour of the first light is to be replaced by a black one. Though the term "​Jamaica Coalition"​ can be found in local German newspapers back into the 1990s, the widespread usage of the term first came up with the election night of 2005 when a public broadcasting commentator coined the term seperately. Before that night, the thought-experiment of a Black/​Yellow/​Green coalition has mostly been labeled with the portmanteau "//​Schwampel//"​ which derived from "//​schwarze Ampel//"​ or Black Traffic Light where the red colour of the first light is to be replaced by a black one.
  
-Schleswig-Holstein followed in 2017, and after the federal elections of 2017 there were week-long coalition talks until FDP boss Lindner decided to blow them up.+Schleswig-Holstein followed in 2017, and after the federal elections of 2017 there were week-long coalition talks about it until FDP boss Lindner decided to blow them up.
  
 == "​Danish Traffic Light" (Red/​Green/​Danes) == == "​Danish Traffic Light" (Red/​Green/​Danes) ==
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 == "Kenya coalition"​ (Black/​Red/​Green) == == "Kenya coalition"​ (Black/​Red/​Green) ==
 Believe it or not, but since 2016, Saxony-Anhalt actually has this. After the radical right AfD and the Linke had become too strong, this was pretty much the only viable alternative left. Believe it or not, but since 2016, Saxony-Anhalt actually has this. After the radical right AfD and the Linke had become too strong, this was pretty much the only viable alternative left.
 +
 +== No name yet: (Black or Blue/​Orange) ==
 +Consisting of CSU and Freie Wähler. Currently (August 2019) in power in Bavaria, where else. 
  
 == "​Hazelnut coalition"​ (Black/​Brown) == == "​Hazelnut coalition"​ (Black/​Brown) ==
offtopic/german_politics.txt · Last modified: 2019/08/19 16:02 by max_sinister