In July 1917 Lenin was being chased around St. Petersburg by the Kerensky government and the Bolsheviks were being attacked in the Duma. While in hiding the leading Bolsheviks debated whether Lenin and Zinoviev should surrender themselves, but Stalin was convinced that they would be killed if they surrendered to the police. He was eventually able to convince them and get Lenin out of St. Petersburg, but what if he hadn't been able to convince them? According to Montefiore's Young Stalin: An ex—Duma member, V. N. Polovtiev, encountered the officer assigned to arrest Lenin. “How should I deliver this gentleman, Lenin?” the officer asked. “Whole or in pieces?” Which strongly suggests that they were more than willing to kill him. This is at a time of general disarray and with the Bolsheviks being hunted following their abortive June Revolution, and the Bolsheviks generally at a low point. So my question is what happens if Lenin and Zinoviev surrender and are killed while in custody? Would this save the Kerensky government? Who would take up leadership of the Bolsheviks? What factions would emerge and would they be able to cooperate? What other effects would Lenin's death at this point in time have?