As we all know, the first Zionist Congress took place in 1897 in Basel, Switzerland as headed by Theodor Herzl. Almost right from the beginning, the most popular choice for a Jewish homeland was Palestine. But, Herzl evidently favored Argentina with its much more temperate climate and being far more suitable for agriculture. 1897 was in the middle of the large wave of emigration of Eastern European Jews to the Americas (particularly the USA) and Argentina and Chile were disputing over their border until 1902 so perhaps the Jews could have taken advantage of this split. Let's say that Herzl was more successful in persuading his colleagues that Argentina was preferable for a Jewish homeland over Palestine. How do you think it would pan out?