Plus no experienced deck crew. That's what annoys me about any thread that has the Germans building carriers and then being super-skilled with using them. It can take years to train a carrier deck crew just to adequacy. The RN, USN and IJN all managed it - after several decades of practice. You can't wave a magic wand and have an instant highly professional carrier crew.@NOMISYRRUC Interesting in that table is the Graf Zeppelin is among the largest of the carriers, only beaten/rivalled by the Essexs, Shokakus, Ark Royal and Eagle. So the Germans, with no experience in building carriers, thought it was a good idea to start with the biggest possible. That's a bit like a starting architect planning the Empire State Building as his first project.