WI: (False) Dmitry I remains on the throne

In original timeline, during the Time of Troubles in Russia after the extinction of the Rurikid Dynasty, a man claiming to be the lost son of Ivan the Terrible, Dmitriy Ivanovich (Who died when he was eight years old) came to the throne thanks to military assistance from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russian boyars support. While he tried to gain support, he wasn't very popular with everyone, including the Boyars, allowed foreigners in Russia, as he was leaning to Catholicism, in an Orthodox country. He was later couped and killed, and was known as False Dmitry I.

So, what if this (False) Dmitry I was able to maintain his throne and remain the Tsar of Russia? What if he wasn't that sympathetic to Catholicism, or maintained control? What if he later had children (He supposedly died at age 23)?
 
False or not in the long run perhaps it may be a good thing?

With the boyars having more power and there being more foreign influence perhaps Russia goes down a less dictatorial path.

If this Russia were to be a constitutional monarchy by the 20th century they may not look as big and powerful on the map but they could have set themselves up for the "Russian Century".
 

DocBen

Banned
The result would basically be a Kislev from Warhammer fantasy, a union of Russia and Poland. Such a union would make this new Polish-Lithuanian-Russian Empire a much more powerful country than OTL Russian Empire. Now you're already taken the approximate borders of the 1900s OTL Russian Empire, at the turn of the 17th century. The next steps would be to take over Prussia, Austria, and then to pry the Balkans away from the Ottoman Empire. This could be successfully done if the right propaganda would be used, I mean specifically pan-Balto-Slavic nationalism. If this new Polish-Lithuanian-Russian Empire would stand on the basis not of Catholic fundamentalism, or Orthodox fundamentalism, but just pan-Slavism and Christianity, to free our Christian Slavic brothers from the yoke of the Muslim Turks, then that would be a solid ideological start to the Balkan campaign. In that case, you basically end up reuniting all the Slavs (and non-Slavic minorities such as Romanians, Hungarians, etc) under the banner of the Empire. If you wouldn't have any animosity between the Catholics and the Orthodox, if you would accept both religions equally, then you could solve all those problems in the Balkans, of the enmity between the Serbs and the Croats. They would just become citizens of the Empire, being free to practice whatever religion they please.

So by the late 18th century, or early 19th century, you basically get a united Slavic Empire, without any of the blunders of OTL Russia and Poland, and you remove all the animosity between the Eastern European peoples, if you really try. if you are able to take Austria, East Germany, and then the rest of the Balkans, including Greece, you basically get a conservative, Christian version of the Warsaw Block, which will most likely have the same name, but for different reasons. Most likely Communism will never happen in Eastern Europe. The United Slavic Empire would go onto dominate world politics for at least the next 500 years for sure, and will be regarded in the same light as the Roman Empire and the Chinese Empire. If the Empire could hold on for at least another 500 years, you reach the "critical mass", beyond which point the Empire gets established as a civilization, so that even if it collapses at a later date, it is likely to be restored as a civilization by it's own inertia.

The overpopulated regions of Eastern Europe can be relocated to Siberia or Alaska, which would alleviate population pressures and at the same time enable you to successfully settle those territories and be able to hold onto them. So you relocate Russians, Poles, Balts, and Sebs into Alaska.
 
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