Chapter Thirty-Nine: Return to the galaxy far far away

Chapter Thirty-Nine: Return to the galaxy far far away

The Last Jedi had released took place on May 25, 1983. And had ended the Star Wars trilogy as it was known. Yet the franchise had too much life in it to die and Disney was fine with what followed. Novels and comics began to appear soon after the first film was released. The first official book was Splinter of the Mind’s Eye. The book was the first in what would become known as the expanded universe. As of today, the books are canon unless explicitly said they do not by Disney. Yet by the early 1990s, the popularity of Star Wars had faded that was until Timothy Zahn.

Zahn was key for giving life back to the Star Wars franchise. His first book * Heir to the Empire* released in 1991 and ushered in the Thrawn trilogy. The series follows the campaign of Imperial Grand Admiral Thrawn, from the Destruction of the Elomin task force to the Battle of Bilbringi. It also recounts the efforts of the Dark Jedi Joruus C'baoth and his efforts to claim Luke Skywalker, Leia Organa Solo, and her children as his apprentices. The book series to many was considered a sequel even though it was not official. The series began a new waft of star wars books following all sorts of plot lines in this new sequel series which brought the attention back around to Disney.

As soon as the first book was released in May 1991 and began to fly off the shelves. Disney and Orion Films came together. They knew that now was the time to strike well the iron was hot. Star Wars was extremely popular again. Another factor in the rise of its popularity where video games. Si-fi in video games was only growing. From super Star Wars re-telling the first three films on the Super NES to Mother which release in 1989 and had gained its American release in 1992 on the Super NES titled Earthbound. The main question for Disney and Orion Films at the time was which direction to go in. a prequel covering the events obi-wan spoke about or a sequel. There were downsides to both. Well, a prequel could flesh out the era before the original films it risked bringing down the original three films well a sequel would allow them to use the popularity of the books, they knew they would be compared to them no matter what they did. Around November 1991, the choice was made to settle on a prequel and so production on it began soon after in March of 1992 for a 1993 release.

Three films were to be made in this prequel era. The first would become known as Star Wars Episode I: Guardians of Peace. To whom should the prequel series be handed over was the question. Their first main concern was the story. Lucas had basic ideas the studio could work on but with this trilogy, they were much more in the dark than they were once were. Lawrence Kasdan was offered the role but turned down the project after he was given the choice between Star Wars or Indiana Jones. The studio instead did what they had done before and turned to newcomers, searching high and low for anyone they believed could craft the story they needed. To counterbalance the newcomer, they were about to choose. To find this person they would scout from universities or schools around America. Trusting newcomers had worked with Spielberg and Wes Anderson before. The studio found eighteen-year-old Dave Filoni. Filoni was a massive Star Wars fan and had submitted his writings to the studio after they reached out as they had before. At the time, Filoni was fresh out of high school so to take the risk on such a young person was one that worried Disney inherently. They reached out to Timothy Zahn, the writer of the Thrawn series, to work on the prequels. He agreed and soon became one half of a scriptwriting duo.

Since the two knew they were on a time-limited managed to have their completed script done by June of 1992. The plot was a simple one. The Trade Federation led by Nute Gunray and the Separatists led by Count Dooku is both in league with one another. They have been invading peaceful planets and forcing them to join their cause or be annihilated. Their next target was Naboo. Jedi Knights Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin skywalker are sent to confront the leaders as events spiral out of control, the Sith are revealed to have returned and the teenage Anakin is forced to make choices to save the Queen and to lessen the harm on the republic. The film ended with the clone wars beginning.

Finding a director and a producer was much easier. The studio wanted to give the directors position to someone new as they had with Filoni. Jon Favreau who at the time was trying to break into acting had positioned himself as an option as did some others such as a bigger name steven Spielberg. Spielberg himself had been given a chance with superman and that film had turned out good. yet it seemed now that he would win out over the others. When Spielberg learned of this, he turned down the role and insisted it is handed to Favreau instead. Spielberg agreed to join as producer. With the scriptwriters, the director, and the producer in place. They all now turned to the casting which they considered vital.

The central characters of obi-wan, Padme and Anakin were to be akin to their original trilogy counterparts to showcase how that could and did go wrong. For obi-wan, they also needed someone who could grow to become Toshiro Mifune. To this end, casting shunned the idea of an American taking the role. The actor had to be Japanese. After scouting many many people, Masaharu Fukuyama was chosen for the role of Obi-Wan Kenobi. It was to be his breakout film role. With Masaharu being twenty-three, the crew turned to young actors for the other two parts. After hundreds of hours of casting calls. Newcomer (aged 20) Jennifer Garner was cast as Padme Amidala well Leonardo DiCaprio (aged 18) was cast after his performances on Oceanview high. In terms of other hero’s: Denzel Washington was cast as Mace Windu, Jimmy Smits was cast as Bail Organa, Robert Downey Jr. was cast Owen Lars with Shirley Henderson as Bru Beru Whitesun. Frank oz also returned as Yoda. Anthony Daniels also returned as C3PO alongside Kenny Baker as R2-D2.

On the villain side. It was known that the future emperor would be scheming behind the scenes so Ian McDiarmid returned as Chancellor Palpatine. In terms of new villains, two were created. One was to fill out the Vader like position well the other was a ruse to appear as the overarching villain. Benicio del Toro was cast as Darth maul well Christopher Lee joined on as Darth Tyranus/Count Dooku. Finally, Jim Carrey who was trying to break out of comedic roles took the position of Nute Gunray. Two things stood out in production. Filming lasted from July 1992 to December 1992. Spielberg and Favreau ran a tight ship as they both wanted to stick to the timeframe they had. The second was CGI, it had come to more prevalent in the 1990s as technology grew but Favreau insisted on not using it as much as possible instead of using the ways that were used in the first three films. Guardians of Peace was released in theatres on May 19, 1993. The film’s debut was covered by the media extensively as many the Star Wars fever reached a new height. On a budget of $115 million, it earned 1.23 billion becoming the highest-grossing film of all time. The film itself was a critical success and soon fans began clambering for the next chapter.

That next chapter was set to be released in 1995. Timothy Zahn and Dave Faloni both returned for Episode II. Shroud of the Dark Side. The film’s plot began to drop at hints at what was to come and increased Palpatine’s role. It took place just six months after the last film and just at the start of the clone wars. A faction of political separatists, led by Count Dooku fight the republic and their clone army as Obi-Wan Kenobi continues to train the young Jedi Anakin Skywalker, who fears that the Jedi code will forbid his growing romance with Amidala all well they are dispatched to destroy the malevolence a ship which could turn the tide of the war in the separatist's favour. Jon Favreau returned to direct well steven Spielberg returned as producer.

As for the cast. Toshiro Mifune, Jennifer, Leonardo DiCaprio, Denzel Washington, Jimmy Smits, Robert Downey Jr., Shirley Henderson, Frank oz, Anthony Daniels Kenny Baker, Ian McDiarmid returned as Chancellor Palpatine, Benicio del Toro, Christopher Lee and Jim Carrey all returned. The film however had an increased role for the other Jedi meaning many had to be cast as did two clone commanders. Doug Jones was cast as Ki-Adi-Mundi, Tilda Swinton was cast as Luminara Unduli, Peter Williams was cast as Kit Fisto, BD Wong was cast as Ki-Adi-Mundi and Tasia Valenza was cast as Shak-ti. As for the two clone commanders, they wanted one for Anakin and one for Obi-wan. Temuera Morrison was selected for the role of Commander Cody and captain rex. He also provided the voice for the clones. Shroud of the Dark Side was released in the United States on May 16, 1995. The film earned 983.4 million dollars. The film was liked but criticised for not advancing the story as much as the last film did.

With that Criticism in mind. The crew moved onto the final film in the prequel series. Timothy Zahn and Dave Faloni both returned for Episode III as did Jon and steven Spielberg. The group worked even closer on Star Wars Episode III: Reign of The Empire. The result was to be a 3-and-a-half-hour movie with all the cast returning. The plot was set seven years into the Clone Wars. The Republic, with the help of the Jedi, is now set to take down Count Dooku, Darth Maul and the Separatists. Anakin Skywalker, however, is starting to make more and more choices In favour of the republic than that of the Jedi. His love for Padme has pushed his friendship with obi-wan to the brink, to the point he will do anything to protect the republic and his secret wife. This all comes to a head as Darth Sidious reveals himself and his plans. The 3 and a half hour run time seemed scary to some at Disney but the crew argued it was needed to truly feel the loss that was about to happen. It gave time for the Jedi characters to be further established as well as Anakin fall and then rise as Vader.

Star Wars Episode III: Reign of The Empire was released on May 25th 1998. It was the final film for peter Cushin as he returned at the age of 85 for a brief cameo as Tarkin before his death a couple of months later. Rein on the empire would smash the last Star Wars film, Jurassic Park, and the lion king to become the highest-grossing film of all time with a box office income of 1.31 billion dollars. The film was praised for smoothly linking up Episode III to four and was also praised for its emotional scenes such as order 66. The film also won Leonardo Dicaprio his first Oscar for playing Anakin skywalker well the film itself went on to win the best score and best supporting actor in Ian McDermid. With Episode iii finished the Star Wars saga was finished. But some questioned if a sequel series could be made if the spin of movies were possible. Though the story of one to six was finished. It seemed that Star Wars would indeed one day return.
 
Chapter Forty: The Present Is Bright for television

Chapter Forty: The Present Is Bright for television

1991. Verity Lambert was fifty-six years of age. by Hollywood standards she was not too old. She was rather quite young compared to others still in the business. Diane Disney was 62 years of age well Marilyn Monroe was sixty-five. The difference for those two however was home. Lambert was English and though she had moved to America to work for Disney she often took trips home. She missed it and longed for it. she had been in charge of Disney’s television branch since 1970 which was twenty-one years. It was a long time to be home away from someone. She remained on longer than expected to keep the television aspect of the company strong but lambert wanted out of Marceline Television Production. She remained on till 1993 were her last original project. The Oswald Showcase Show began airing. Then she was gone with the channel playing a highlight of her productions from the last twenty-one years.

The transition from Lamber to her successor was easier. Kathleen Kennedy had joined in the 1980s and was highly considered the successor to lambert. When lambert announced her intention to leave in 1992, Kennedy began to slowly but surely take over until she was officially instated as president. Yet Kennedy would not be alone in her role, she would not have an official heir like lambert did but she would have aid in her time as the president of the company. That person was fifty-five-year-old George Arthur Disney. George, it seemed by now had been everything. A charity man, an actor, a voice actor, he had a brief time as a singer and now he was moving into a production role. Today George Arthur Disney is known as the grandfather of Disney, aged eighty-three he is still going on with his projects. like putting fire and wood together, the reaction to them taking over television would be almost revolutionary. As of today, the pair are considered some of the closest friends in Hollywood.

The first shake-up they settled on was Oceanview high. The show had nearly been on the air for ten years but both Kennedy and Disney believed the show needed a shakeup. They were okay to give the show a bigger budget and so one of the biggest stunts was about to go ahead. In feet not yet taken on American soap operas, a live-action Episode was planned for Later-1993. That particular episode aired on October 31st 1993. It saw the entire school explode at a Halloween party caused by a faulty gas boiler. The Episode killed a few characters such as Leonardo DiCaprio, Will Smith and Drew Barrymore’s characters. the explosion was done to explain the brand new 2.1 million dollar set but also earned the show its highest viewership numbers. Every year on Halloween Oceanview high now commits to a big stunt. 1994 saw a train crash, 1995 saw a serial killer reveal, 1996 was a school shooting and so on. People who watched the show could see what was coming as the pair aimed their sight at other programs.

Ducktales had been off the air since 1991. Ducktales: the new adventures had been extremely popular but had come to a close in 1991. The reason for the end of the show was unknown as it was extremely popular. Kennedy and Disney were also unaware of why the show was cancelled and quickly moved to reinstate it under a new name Ducktales: Extreme adventures. Telling tales that were more extreme than before with some overarching plot. Extreme adventures would become just as popular as the other series and still airs today. Extreme adventures were however not enough for Kennedy or Disney. They wanted more shows in that universe and so the spin-off began. The first was Darkwing Duck in 1994. It featured the adventures of Darkwing Duck, who is the superheroic alter-ego of ordinary suburban duck Drake Mallard. Some considered it a parody of batman. The show was popular however and lasted for ten years from 1994 to 2004.

TaleSpin: Come Fly with Us was not a new show but it returned now under the duck-verse branding alongside DuckTales and Darkwing Duck. This time s Launchpad McQuack had come a commercial airline pilot in a new age however things are far from plain something and the episodes often follow the Hijinks of McQuack and his crew trying to solve problems. This series was less popular all though it did have its supporters. It lasted from 1994 to 1998. The final duckverse show would be Gooftroop. The series focuses on the relationship between Single father Max and his son, Goofy Junior, as well as their neighbours Pete, his family, and the grandparents (Goofy and carabella cow). The show was praised for showing a single father and lasted on the air till 2009 when Goofy Junior graduated high school.

Well, the duck verse got expansions. Disney wanted to take his father’s concept of animated movies and truly apply them to television. This meant adapting films and that went through Don Bluth. George had yet to meet or work with Bluth so upon their first meeting. Disney was surprised to find how accommodating Bluth was knowing how protective his father was of what went where. Soon Bluth was working on the studio with what could and could not be adapted. Beauty and the beast were one of the shows that they would not allow being adapted as was snow-white or roger rabbit. However, this still does not limit what the studio could do. They would not last long but they were lighting in the pan. They came to tell a story over a couple of series that did that and did it well enough to be well-liked. These shows included: Little Mermaid, Aladdin, and Hercules alongside 101 Dalmatians. Three of these shows would cross over (Little Mermaid, Aladdin, and Hercules) re-establishing what some believed was a connected Disney verse. Little mermaid would begin airing in 1994, Aladdin in 1995, 101 Dalmatians in 1996 and Hercules in 1998. They would all last till 2008. Other child friendly shows the studio would debut in the 1990s would include: Bear in the Big Blue House, SpongeBob Squarepants and House of Mouse.

As the 1990s neared its middle point. Kennedy and Disney looked for shows to reinforce their animated shows. By now many of the shows were aimed more at families and children instead of teens or adults. Kennedy wanted to change this, it was the first time Disney was reluctant and she did not want to move ahead without him. He relented however as he knew the studio had to adapt to thrive. They first turned to DC to find material for their more teenage/adult programs. The first of these would be one of Disney’s biggest television hits. Eric Radomski and Bruce Timm pitched the idea to Disney in early 1994. For an animated movie, however, don Bluth turned them down. Batman had for now finished on screen and he did not believe an animated project would work. Though he did not want to completely turn the two away so instead he sent them over to Marceline Television Production. The meeting was brief, a pilot was commissioned. A darker batman was known to be a successful formula after the movies but an animated show was fewer safe waters.

The Pilot aired on Halloween 1994 and was Disney’s biggest success of the day. The show was praised for film noir aesthetics, darker tone and modernization of its title character's crime-fighting origins. It also introduced Harley quin to the world, a character that would go on to thrive in the comics. Batman the animated series would not be alone however one year after its debut in 1996 Superman joined the fray with his animated series. Superman was a much lighter toned show than batman. The pair united many a time allowing the creators to showcase the clash of tones between the characters. a final series would join them in the 1990s and it was a big one. That show was Justice league: the animated show. For the first time in years, the characters of Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, The Flash Martian Manhunter and Hawkgirl united on-screen to wow fans. Batman the animated series would last till 2014, Superman would last for one year less and would go off the air in 2013 well the justice league show is ongoing with a rotating cast.

Two more teen-friendly shows would begin airing by Disney. To offer something different to those who were not a massive fan of dc characters. the first was Clarissa Explains It All which began airing the same year as batman (1995) the show would last for ten years ending in 2005. The show followed Clarissa as she dealt with all the teen problems such as pimples, wearing her first training bra, and an annoying younger brother. The show was extremely popular and was the start of shows aimed more at girls that would become extremely popular in the 2000s. The second was Recess. Recess was another very popular show that ended sooner rather than later. It aired from 1997 to 2003. The creators did not want the show to burn out so ended it on a high.

Well, animation for teens, families and children were going strong. Disney did not have an adult base yet. The Simpsons, though partly aimed at families, had a large adult audience and south park had recently proved that adult shows could indeed work. Some pointed out that Disney would never go all the way with an adult animation show as their animation was aimed at families only for them. Kennedy and Disney hated this idea and set out to search for a show they could air. They were yet to know they already had their show. Seth McFarlane heard that Disney was searching for an adult show so began to MacFarlane change the characters of The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve. They soon became Peter and Brian. Already having a hand in Disney, McFarlane was allowed to pitch his new show to Kennedy and Disney. The pair wanting an adult show greenlit it in hopes it would be a hit. On January 31, 1999 family guy aired for the first time. It took time but soon family guy took off with DVD sales saving the show. George Disney now credits family guy as one of the funniest shows he ever helped to make.

Well, Animation was hitting it out the ball pack with hit after hit. George Disney turned his attention mostly to live-action, his bread and butter. He had ideas and now he was unable to unleash them. The first came in 1995. George Disney loved pan-am, he loved the company that was a part of Disney and wanted to showcase it. Pan-Am was set to become the next Oceanview high for Disney. The series features the aircraft pilots and stewardesses of the airline as it operated in the early 1960s at the beginning of the commercial Jet Age. George Disney himself would cameo in the show well the actual cast would rotate. From 1995 to 2005, the series was set in the early 60s well it shifted to the late 60s early 70s in 2005-2010 before entering the 1980s where it currently remains. The next show was something that had not truly been done before. A musical tv show aimed at young adults. It was a crazy idea but one that George Disney was confident in, he also wanted to set the show in England.

What happened next would be what some consider the oddest move of all time. A tv-movie was given the green light to see if the show would do well. The film would be called Anna and the Apocalypse and would be a musical-Christmas zombie film. George A. Romero agreed to direct after extensive talks with Disney. Christophe Beck was brought on to compose the film well Kevin Williamson agreed to write the screenplay. 19-year-old Anna Friel was cast in the main role as Anna well Jonny Lee Miller joined as John, Kate Winslet joined as Steph well Joseph Fiennes as Chris and Sean Pertwee joined as the villain. The film served as a transition for Anna from high school to zombie fighter well also being a musical. Anna and the Apocalypse was such a big hit with fans that it was soon greenlit into a tv show with Winslet, Friel and Fiennes returning to survive in a zombie world which was also a musical. The show saw the teenagers truly go from school kids to veteran zombie fighters. Hope was a key theme of the show, it lasted for 11 years from 1996 to 2007. The ending was left with a cure being found which caused some to question if they could ever go back to the way things once were with an Emmy Winning Song. I Remember always which became the top-rated scene of television in 2007 as the show flashed back to all those who had died including in the film.

The next two more adult shows would be focused on Disney. The first was The Tales Behind Attractions. This show took a ride from a park and expanded it into a 3-4 Episode story. The first episode was based on pirates of the Caribbean and was a major hit. Since the series began, each ride has been given a story with highlights being the tower of terror and jungle cruise. The show lasted till 2004. The second show was After hours which showcased the Disney characters coming alive at Disney after the parks close to get up to Hijinks and to keep the park safe from the villains. The show was set at the magic kingdom at Disney world and lasted from 1994 to 1999.

All the television shows however would be outweighed by the two other massive events that began in America in the 1990s. the first was the American Song Contest. The Eurovision Song Contest is an international song competition organized annually by the European Broadcasting Union since 1956, which features participants representing European countries. Disney knew it was one of the largest watched shows on the planet. It began airing in America in 1977 and had become bigger bigger ever since. Lambert had begun discussions to bring the event to America with every state allowed to compete. The idea was unity and bringing America together. Kennedy and George gained the rights in 1994 and finally began to put together the show working with states to craft it, they also turned to other Hollywood companies to work on the grand project. The first heat with ten states began airing for the first time in 1998 with the final held in March of that year. Gloria Estefan from Florida won the first American Song Contest. The contest has been held every year since the concept of other nations hosting their own competition has spread. 2001 saw The Asian Song contest begun airing.

Well, Hollywood worked together on the American Song Contest. They would come together once again for charity, this time on PBS with all profit going to Charity. Over In England, Children in Need was the BBC's UK charity event which raised millions for charity. The event is year long but the main event is an annual telethon, held in November and televised on BBC One and BBC Two from 7:30 pm until 2:30 am. Disney and DreamWorks were the first to come together to suggest the idea, PBS soon joined the discussion and after agreements with BBC. PBS’S Children in need was set for November of 1999. George Disney and his partner tab hunter were selected as hosts, a potion they would retain till 2005. Soon other companies such as warner brothers, paramount, six flags and more joined. They worked together to create Paula Bear, the sister of Pudsey bear. The first PBS children in need earned 1.3 million dollars. The show was a climax of America's mood in the 1990s. hope and progress. As the 1990s came to a close and thus the 1900s took a final bow. The people were closer than ever. As George Arthur Disney said in an interview in 1997. Walt would be proud.
 
Chapter Forty-One: A Story of Toys

Chapter Forty-One: A Story of Toys

The mid to late 1990s was too many. The next evolution for animation. It had come so far since the 1920s but now the biggest change was set to change it all again. Computer-generated imagery was not completely new. CGI (as it was more commonly known) was first used in 1986 in Flight of the Navigator. It had been shunned during the production of the Star Wars prequels but Hollywood was changing one way or another. Terminator 2: Judgment Day in 1991 was one of the first films of the 1990s to use CGI to its advantage. It saw a breakthrough in a computer-generated imagery, including the first use of natural human motion for a computer-generated character. Terminator 2 was soon to be joined by Jurassic Park in 1993 which CGI to create Dinosaurs and Forrest Gump in 1994 which used CGI to incorporate the main character into historical footage. CGI was combing leaps and bounds. Bluth wanted to use it but also wanted to preserve the art style Disney was known for.

John Lasseter had been at Disney since 1982 under the computer division Disney known as Pixar. He very nearly lost that job after complaints from female staff members after his behaviour but Disney being Disney offered him one last chance to seek medical help. Lasseter did indeed seek that help and returned to Pixar in 1990, after five years to put his life back together. Lasseter believed very much in CGI. One of the major sparks for this was Tron. His first experience with computer animation happened when two of his friends showed him scenes from Tron that used CGI and from that moment his wides were opened wide on the possibility that CGI could bring. Lasseter wanted to pitch an animated project to Disney but the time was not right as death occurred and management changes happened. He still however remained at Disney and his post quickly rising into a management position again. it was only now that computers became cheaper and powerful that Lasseter and his team could pitch their project. A fully animated movie made by computers.

Bluth at the time was worried that old animation would die out which is something he nor Peter nor George Disney wanted. They believed the old style of animation had to survive one way or another. No matter how easier or cheeped CGI became. Bluth met with Peter Disney and Lasseter frequently as discussions about what should happen began. Lasseter feared he would have to leave the studio to make his dream project a reality but Bluth insured him frequently that was not the case. In the end, an agreement was made and another change in the studio system at Disney went ahead. Disney animation would retain its focus on classic animation well Pixar which had for the most part been Disney’s computer division would now be elevated to a film studio that would focus on CGI productions. With a working title of Toy Story and a change in studio systems. Production soon began.

At first toy story was nothing like it would come to be known. Woody was a ventriloquist's dummy who also happened to be the villain and Tinny (from Lasseter’s short: Tin Toy) was the other main character. Woody was an abuser well tinny had to unite the other toys to overthrow him. One thing that did however remain the same throughout every version of the story was that the toys needed to be played with by humans. Bluth was watching the project closely as not only was it their first film but it was to be the first fully computer-animated project. Bluth intervened suggesting the plot be changed as he did not believe it worked as it was. Bluth wanted the studio to work by itself so did not completely step in to change the plot but Lasseter did indeed listen to what he was saying as he knew Bluth knew what he was saying.

Lasseter, Andrew Stantonm, Joel Cohen, and Alec Sokolow bunkered down together to work on the story again. to change it so it was more fitting. One thing the team was sure they wanted to do was to avoid stepping on the other studio's toes. They did not want to make a fairy-tale story nor did want to adapt a book or musical. They did not want to make a musical at all as that was also the other studio's bread and butter. For them, they had to find something completely new and different. They spent days going over ideas that did not work until Stantonm suggested a body-cop like a film as they were popular at the time. Lasseter was cautious but the group agreed to progress with that idea as it was the only one that seemed plausible. The group got together and watched Morden and classic buddy cop films to get more of an idea of what they were working with. When their film watching was completed, the second draft of the story was completed.

The film was still not completely the way it would be known, however. Tinny remained though that would not be the same for much longer. Though tinny was his creation, Lasseter now believed him out of place. Woody was no longer a villain, he was a wooden cowboy doll, an old-fashioned toy from older years. Tinny was the same, the change in story and characters rendered his position in the film. He had to be changed to contrast the old and new. after sifting through toys they could use. they settled on a space ranger. Space was extremely popular again due to Star Wars and cowboys had gone out of popularity. The space ranger character was modelled on the suits worn by Apollo astronauts. His name was in contention for a while till the team settled on Buzz Lightyear. Woody’s character was based on a cowboy doll. It was known to many that many working on the script had little to no experience. The film was one of Disney’s biggest gambles.

On January 19, 1993, the script was complete and now the team moved on to casting. There was only one man considered for woody and that was tom hanks’. Paul Newman was suggested but it was not something the studio wanted. Tom hanks’, fresh of the success of forest Gump seemed like too high an actor to aim for. It was indeed as Hank turned down the role but after convincing him with footage edited from another movie, Hank agreed and joined the project. For the role of Buzz, more options were considered. Bill Murray Billy Crystal and Jim Carrey, none of those would join the project for different reasons. After looking for quite a long time, the role ended up with Chevy Chase. Both hanks and chase would record their lines together to better understand their characters.

Soon the progress of making the film began with many new animators joining due to the lure of the film being the first-ever animated production. animators worked on the film, using 400 computer models to animate the characters. it had never been done before and whole new methods of work were created. Clay models were first crafted, as they once were in the early days, to understand movement before they were put into the computer. Out of all the characters, Woody was the most complex, as he required 723 motion controls, including 212 for his face and 58 for his mouth. Every shot in the film passed through the hands of eight different teams. Nothing was spared as the film had to impress and prove it could work. Randy Newman (the composer) worked closely with the animators to perfect the score.

As the film neared completion, some animators began to the film would be a significant disappointment commercially but others felt that animators and animation fans would find it interesting. Don Bluth found the project very intriguing and believed in its success. Lasseter expected a spring release alongside a bigger Disney movie. The entire team where shocked when Bluth returned with a November release that was so close to thanksgiving. Not only that but the film would stand by itself without a bigger Disney film close by. On November 19, 1995. Toy story (the first completely CGI film) released to theatres.

The reactions sent shockwaves across the animation world. Everything from the animation to the voice cast was praised for the work done on the film. In 1995, Toy Story was ranked eighth in TIME's list of the "Best 10 films of 1995". Toy Story managed to gross more than $350 million worldwide. Computer-generated films were here to stay and not only that Pixar had proved it could work for Disney. Peter Disney soon gave Pixar the go-ahead to make more projects, to work their magic elsewhere. The key thing however was that CGI and Hand-drawn animation would survive side by side. Bluth and Lasseter together would herald an era of unity between the two methods. Innovation saved and gave new life to animated movies. Innovation was the Disney way.
 
I do not know why but my first thought was that they would name the movie "Toys " instead of Toy Story " .
This is a fun timeline.
Not a bad Alternative name.
And thank you. Gonna be sad for it to end. It's the first one that feels like it's properly taken off and I have finally found my way of doing these.
 
Also if anyone at all has any questions. feel free to ask
Answering them is fun.
So I know it's been a couple months since you started this TL and the question has probably been answered but,
1914 and Walt began attending high school as the great war broke out in Europe. President Roosevelt made many pledged. The Disney’s got a radio the very same year as Elias liked the president. The family often gathered around that radio in the evening and listened to the president’s speech.
Roosevelt who had won an unprecedented third time soon decided to go on a nationwide tour to empathize the need for a united Homefront to win the war.
WTF is Roosevelt doing as president in either 1914 or 1918 he left office in 1909 and died in 1919. Him being in office in 1918 would require him to win the 1908, 1912, and 1916 elections (Or i suppose just run for the 1916 election and win it) either way it just came out of left field for me.
 
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So I know it's been a couple months since you started this TL and the question has probably been answered but,

WTF is Roosevelt doing as president in either 1914 or 1918 he left office in 1909 and died in 1919.
Nobody has yet asked that question so you are the first from memory.
He wins in 1912 here and doesn't die in 1919. He pushed America into world war one and is one of the reasons Walt is more progressive.
There is also another resson as well but to say that would be a spoiler to all.
One thing I do know is that the political side is never fully explored here. could be potential for a spin there with the number of changes but with this nearing its end and Heil to the Kasierche still needing an ending. it would be a long time before that could happen.
 
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Nobody has yet asked that question so you are the first from memory.
He wins in 1912 here and doesn't die in 1919. He pushed America into world war one and is one of the reasons Walt is more progressive.
There is also another resson as well but to say that would be a spoiler to all.
One thing I do know is that the political side is never fully explored here. could be potential for a spin there with the number of changes but with this nearing its end and Heil to the Kasierche still needing an ending. it would be a long time before that could happen.
Cool thanks
 
Chapter Forty-Two: The Push for Greatness

Chapter Forty-Two: The Push for Greatness

Peter Disney, Don Bluth, John Lasseter, JFK jr, George Disney and Kathleen Kennedy all pledged to a push for greatness plan come the mid-1990s. They had already repaired the reputation of the company and put it back onto the path of popularity. They had brought CGI films to the screen but now they had to push even further. The push for greatness plan was felt most of all in the studios as office hours were changed. Wages increased and each department gained a Disney bible containing the do’s and don’t of working in the building and on the studio lot. The buildings themselves were finally modernised allowing for much more open space that allowed easier teams of people to work together. The changes also echoed over to the parks where wages increased and so did the protections for workers inside the park. Disney was ranked as one of the top companies to work for come 1998. They supplied staff with free food and water well also becoming the first company to make water completely free across their parks. Disney under the new leadership also worked closely with the government as the family had always done. when vice president al gore called at Disney for its environmental record, the company turned to the vice president and began to work with him to make the studios and parks cleaner which included the installation of solar panels across the properties.

It wasn’t just the ethics of the company that kept the studio high. These films continued to hit it out of the park or so they thought. For Elias Productions they released Hocus Pocus and Cool Runnings which were both released in 1995. Hocus Pocus focused on a group of witches being revied from their slumber as they wreak havoc on the nearby town in a plot for revenge. Directed by Kenny Ortega, the film was an attempt to blend both adult humour with a child-friendly film. Disney hoped they could earn another winner with the film but that was far from the case. The film received mixed reviews from film critics at the time of its release. It was not a critical or commercial success upon its release, losing Disney around $16.5 million during its theatrical run. The show would redeem itself in the Hocus Pocus: Tv series which ran from 1996 to 1999. Cool Runnings was another hit and miss film for the studio. It was Disney’s first attempt at a comedic sports movie with director Jon Turteltaub taking the helm. The story was loosely based on the true story of the Jamaica national bobsleigh team's debut in competition during the 1988 Winter Olympics. Despite receiving positive reviews, the film earned only 21 million on a budget of 17.

JFK junior noticed pretty quickly that Elias Productions attempt to be with the times had backfired. Hocus pocus and cool running had been made in an attempt to connect to the mood of the 1990s and had not worked. Sensing the studio was going down the wrong direction, he intervened quickly and shifted the direction towards two things. Musicals, and movies with a heart. On the musical side, the studio would release. Joseph and The Amazing Technicolor Dream Coat and Our last summer. Joseph And the Amazing Technicolor Dream Coat was an adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webber musicals which Disney owned under Lillian productions. Joseph and The Amazing Technicolor Dream Coat was up first releasing in 1996. It was directed by Randal Kleiser (director of Grease and Grease III) with a screenplay by Brenda Chapman. There were many questions of which actor should take up the main role of Joseph. Australian actor and current on-stage Joseph, Jason Donovan was selected. On a budget of 16 million, the film earned 125 million. Proving that JFK junior had been right.

Our last summer was to be an even bigger hit than Joseph. It was not based on an existing play but instead served a new story. The story was simple but a necessary one JFK junior believed needed telling. The production of the film had begun years ago when JFK junior contacted the band Abba to use their music for the project. The band agreed and so the movie went into production. The film was to be a musical but was also going to deal with life themes of growing old, retirement and love. To this end, the studio hired Oliver Stone to write the film which now gained it's now Our last summer after an abba song. The film was to be directed by Alan Parker who had directed musicals before. The movie was to be just that a movie but it soon became something bigger as casting for the main characters began. Some considered hiring younger actors and ageing them up but JFK junior vetoed this, instead, he made a choice that would impact the movie. He turned to the surviving members of old Hollywood. Judy Garland, Marylin Monroe, Tab Hunter, Sidney Poitier, Mickey Rooney all joined the film first well they were soon joined by Doris Day, George Arthur Disney and Shirley Temple who returned to film one last time. A younger cast consisting of Meryl Streep, Leonardo DiCaprio and Whitney Houston also joined the cast. To some, the film was just a film but to quite a few, it was a final. The film would be the last major film role for many of the actors. After years of dominating Disney, the old guard was finally letting go and moving on. on a budget of 76 million dollars, the film earned 311 million dollars worldwide upon its release in 1997. It went on to win an Oscar for best picture. The Final goodbye for Judy Garland, Marylin Monroe, Tab Hunter, Sidney Poitier, Mickey, Doris Day, and Shirley Temple

The last movie Elias productions would work on in the middle of the 1990s would be a sequel. Doctor Who: The Motion Picture had been a major success for the studio, more than what was anticipated. Soon after its release, a second film went into production. Ridley Scott returned to well Kennedy Jr himself returned to serve as producer. John Williams also pledged to return as a composer well Wil Wheaton and Winona Ryder returned to star alongside Ian McKellen. Patrick Stewart also returned as the master. The film this time focused on the cybermen thus gaining the title Doctor who: and the conquest of the cybermen. The budget this time was increased to 131 million dollars and filming was primarily done in France, to move away from England as that was still a dominant location in the actual show. The second doctor who film was released in November of 1996 and became another smash hit, earning 221 million dollars.

Well, Elias productions were creating hits. Over at the animation studio, Disney was hitting home run after home run out of the park. First came the lion king in 1994. The Lion King had been in devilment since the late 1980s but was fast-tracked during the successes of the 1990s. it was to be the first of adaptations of Shakespeare plays done by Disney but done with animals. Lion King was based on Hamlet. With Alan Menken and Howard Ashman working on other projects, the animators turned instead to Hans Zimmer to create the score which would make the project different to the others of the 1990s. Disney also made sure to work with the creators of Kimba the white lion to make sure the film was not copying it. it was the first animated film to be fully made in Florida which was mostly a television studio. The key thing about the film is, it was made by the b-team well the A-team worked on other projects. Upon release the film had a worldwide gross of $763 million, it finished its theatrical run as the highest-grossing film of 1994 and the highest hand-drawn animated film of all time.

Well, the b-team worked on what was considered a less project. The A-team pushed ahead with what some considered a strange project. The Oswald Rabbit Adventures sounded like a film based on Oswald and well he was indeed the centre character of the film. The film was three smaller adventures put together with Oswald as the glue that held them together. This was done as Disney and Nintendo did not know if an animated movie based on their games would work. The two short adventures would be The Super Mario Brothers and Legenda of Zelda, these both would feature Oswald though he served more as a narrator than the final character. The final short was an Oswald adventure as he seeks to return home to toon town after being away so long. The final short was partly based on writings Walt had been working on when he died. The film was made on a smaller budget of 14 million but earned the studio around 29 million dollars when it was released in November of 1994 which was less than anticipated.

The A-team had a lot to prove when it shifted its focus, Anastasia. Well, the b-team had begun Disney’s adaptations of Shakespeare plays. Anastasia would accidentally begin their adaptations of alternate history. With a story based around rumours that Grand Duchess Anastasia escaped the execution of her family during the Russian revolution. Don Bluth himself took on directing duties after the lacklustre response to the Oswald adventures. The story was to be co-written by Noni White and Bluth himself with a focus on trying to keep the film historical. To this end, respected writer Harry Turtledove was brought onto the project as an advisor. The actual historical events were researched through enlisting former CIA agents stationed in Moscow and St. Petersburg. The film was to be a much darker animator film than the studio was used to. Some historical events were twisted to make the film more enjoyable to watch. The film score was composed orchestrated, and conducted by David Newman. Anastasia premiered in New York City on November 14, 1997. The film hit 152 million on a budget of 51 million. It was another major success

As the middle of the 1990s was so Jam-packed with content. somethings slipped through the cracks. In 1995, toon studios released Peter Pan 2: Return to Never Land. The film followed Wendy and Peter trying to rescue her daughter from the pirates in neverland. The film dealt with questions of ageing, youth, moving on and war. The film was forgotten amongst the bigger pictures of the decade. On a budget of 13 million dollars however it did manage to gross 33 million. Another forgotten film was Muppet Treasure Island. Henson studios had mostly been focused on theme park projects and Muppet Treasure Island was their return to the big screen. Yet release alongside lion king in 1994 made sure the film was missed by quite a few despite containing the likes of Tim curry. It grossed $34 million on a budget of $31 million and received generally positive reviews from critics. As the 1990s reached its endpoint, studios ramped up production. The final three years of the 1990s were to be a big one filled with all sorts of films and attraction improvements. As on the horizon, a new millennium was dawning. And Hollywood was ready to celebrate with a bang.
 
I don't think I expected The Oswald Rabbit Adventures to be what it is. I mean, Disney's oldest Toon star narrating two then-modern video game stories? That sounds absolutely crazy.

Then again, considering the Hocus Pocus TV series you announced, maybe we can make a series out of it.

I'd call it "The New Adventures of Oswald Rabbit", and have him narrate one 22-minute or two 11-minute stories each "night" for his children. The kicker? All of these stories are adaptations of Nintendo, Capcom, Orion Interactive, and later on, Humongous Entertainment games, but with Oswald himself shoehorned in for narrating and/or exposition, showing that a guy like him can get with the times for the youth.
 
I don't think I expected The Oswald Rabbit Adventures to be what it is. I mean, Disney's oldest Toon star narrating two then-modern video game stories? That sounds absolutely crazy.

Then again, considering the Hocus Pocus TV series you announced, maybe we can make a series out of it.

I'd call it "The New Adventures of Oswald Rabbit", and have him narrate one 22-minute or two 11-minute stories each "night" for his children. The kicker? All of these stories are adaptations of Nintendo, Capcom, Orion Interactive, and later on, Humongous Entertainment games, but with Oswald himself shoehorned in for narrating and/or exposition, showing that a guy like him can get with the times for the youth.
Some of the content has been cut like games I have never played getting movies. these chapters have become quite long as well now with so so much content to cover as we near the end. One thing I am trying out is the final bits here and there for certain aspects. Like our last summer being the final grand exit of all those pepole. your idea will work perfectly for Oswald's big comeback and final appearance.
Also: there's quite a lot left to cover. toy story was not even going to be its own chapter so.
 
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Eight chapters remain:
The Last Expansions of the 20th Century
The End of the 20th Century
A Calm and Peaceful World
The 1990s And Early 2000s for Dream works studios
The History of Hollywood’s Other Studios
The 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s (Television and Film)
The 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s (Video Games)
A Hollywood Ending
Plus Two Others Small Pieces:
The Credits
After The Credits: There's no such thing as a Hollywood ending.
There's still quite a bit but they should hopefully all come faster once the heat dies down.
Any final inputs. on games, movies, tv. any questions about anything between the start and now.
Fire Away before the credits roll.​
 
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