Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: Before 1900' started by NAF, Dec 3, 2018.
Ottomans = 3rd Rome (and best Rome)
Borders: the Danube to the North, the Sahara to the South, the Tigris to the East.
Language: classical Latin and Greek are official throughout the whole country, local languages are official at the provincial level.
Politics: constitutional, elective, federal monarchy.
Religion: complete freedom of religion, with Greco-Roman polytheism, in a heavily syncretic form, as the main one.
I'll leave my pet Roman Empire here...
Name: Romania (Ῥωμανία) or the Roman Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia Rhōmaiōn; Latin: Imperium Romanum)
Territory: As of present her territories are similar in extent to the conquests of Basil II (c.1045) though with a modern border in the west with Croatia/Bosnia under the former's name, and minus territories in Crimea, Armenia, Mesopotamia and Southern Italy. These territories have been naturalised for centuries, since the 1400's at least.
Romania was a larger contiguous empire in much more recent times during a second (arguably third) 'golden age', extending into Mesopotamia, the Caucasus, the Levant, Egypt, northward into Eastern Europe and projecting her maritime influence into both the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean. She however never managed to retake Rome and in time embraced an Hellenic-orientated identity and Geo-politics.
Government: Secular Constitutional Monarchy/Empire with the Emperor as Head of State and a bicameral parliament similar to the German model which was adopted in 1972. The Imperial Senate is the equivalent of the Bundestag, currently representing 600 constituencies, while the Chamber of Deputies is equivalent to the Bundesrat and represents the Thema, the Roman Provinces outside the City of Constantinople.
The City of Constantinople has it's own administration over which the Emperor still holds some governmental powers. The Imperial Treasury is separate and autonomous from the State Treasury and give the Emperor some influence over budgeting, investment and patronage.
Religion: Greek Orthodox in the majority (>70%) with the Ecumenical Patriarch based in Constantinople being the Autocephalous Head of the Church and perhaps the most prominent figure in Eastern Orthodoxy. In the 16th and 17th centuries while Latin Christendom was being torn apart by the Wars of the Reformation, Romania was actually experiencing a Neo-Platonic Revival, inspired by the Renascence. Though stopping quite far short of a return to Hellenistic Paganism, the Empire did become more secular culturally and to this day many Romans (~25%) name Neo-Platonism their main guiding philosophy and belief system.
Demographics: The largest ethnic grouping are the Greeks (~70%) whose language is the main official and most widely spoken language in the Empire, especially in Southern Balkania and Anatolia. Co-official with Greek is Romanian (or Aromanian) which is a legacy of Latin as official language of Imperial Rome, though linguistically Eastern Romance has diverged significantly from both Latin and Western Romance Languages as to be considered separate entirely. Romanian is most prominent in Northern Balkania, mostly Moesia and beyond Roman borders, north of the Danube in the Dacian region.
Regional minority languages include Turkish (or Turcoman), Armenian, Circassian and Serbian. Among migrant languages are Assyrian, Arabic, Hebrew, Coptic, Russian, Amharic from either Orthodox nations or former subjects and a host of prominent world languages given the high levels of immigration from around the world.
Power: Romania is one of the world major powers both historically (obviously, it is the living descendent of Rome after all!) and currently due to it's developed, industrialised economy, science base, cultural influence and tourist hotspot. It has a large population of roughly 100 million people, making it Europe's second most populous country after Russia, and along with France, Germany, Italy and the UK is one of Europe's most powerful economies. It has a large advanced military which has recently transitioned to a highly profession volunteer force, is a nuclear power and also operates a space program that has achieved manned spaceflight.
Society and Culture: Would be a lot like many other countries in a globalised world but Romania would have made it's mark on contemporary world culture through her rich, highly varied cuisine, fashion which would be heavily influenced by folk tradition, her art and architecture again inspired by opulent Byzantine style. This would be fused with more modern technological advances, large scale industrial and infrastructure projects, modern media culture, especially the Roman rock/metal music scene. The country can be politically volatile at times with dramatic and sometimes violent protests and even had a military coup in 1968 which lead to a military government for 4 years till 1972. Even so, Romania has been consistently becoming ever more progressive and developed for over a century. All citizens have access universal healthcare and a welfare state, worker's rights, trade unions and subsidised basic utilities (water and electricity).
Romania has always lead the way with women's rights with early legislation protecting women dating back over 1500 years (Thank Theodora for that) and the earliest female suffrage in Romania being hard to determine due to landed noblewomen being permitted participation in political affairs for centuries. From the 1880's onward, voting franchise was extended to men and women on equal terms and universal suffrage was achieved in 1920.
My Unconquered Rome
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