Chapter 1: 9/11 or September 11

Chapter 1: 9/11 or September 11​

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Silence, shock, unbeliever was the best way to describe what went to the head of President George Walker Bush on September 11 2001 as he heard the news of the horrible attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. President George Bush at the Emma E. Booker Elementary School to meet students and staff and to bring attention to his plans for education reform, when he heard the horrible news. Not wishing to disturb the kids he sat there for a moment and then continued to read for them out of the children's book before cutting his visit short and head out to get a full grasp of the situation of his nation being under attack and how to respond to this. It soon became clear that it wasn't a foreign nation attacking the United States of America, but rather a terrorist attack by radical Islamist and while America's heroes, firefighters, policemen and everyday civilians tried to rescue as much survivors out of the rubble and ruins of destroyed and burning buildings as possible, American and foreign intelligence organizations shared data and information's to find out who exactly was behind all of this and where they were hiding. It was soon found out that al-Quaida and Osama bin Laden were the culprits of this devastating attack and it became clear to all that if America wished to keep it's position as the global superpower, it needed to react and could not simply let itself be bullied and threatened by some foreign state or terrorist group alike. The Taliban led Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan however were the main Leadership of al-Quaida and Osama bin Laden was hiding and where the had their terrorist training bases outright refused to cooperate with the American authorities, openly calling the United State a satanic, infidel nation that got what they as dogs and pigs deserved. Knowing that there were anti-Taliban guerrillas operating in Afghanistan and that the whole Northeast of the Country was under control of the so called Northern Alliance of Jamiat-e Islam under Rabbani, Junbish-e Milli under Dostum, Hezb-e Wahdat under Mohseni and others, the United States increased their military presence in nearby allied countries to pressure the Taliban and start negotiations with their enemies.

At the same time the United States called unified response against global terrorism and a damnation and embargo against all countries who were supporting acts of terror. The main goal was to politically isolate such nations, regimes and groups and deprive them form all financial and resource aid from foreign powers as good as possible. The United Nation were used to condemn this terror aiding operations and in the wake of the global shock and horror about the September 11 attacks, the United States managed to get the United Nations and most member nations not only to condemn terrorism, but to call for a United States resolution regarding the Taliban Regime in the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and how to deal with them. In the End a new wave of embargo's was decided as well as a plan to aid the enemies of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in diplomatic and financial means to ensure they would hold out and not the whole state would fall under direct Taliban influence as that would have only increased their power base and legitimacy in the future. The gears of global diplomacy were rolling while the United States of America and other major allies of them like Great Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Australia, Norwey, Italy, Georgia, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Sweden, Czech Republic, New Zealand, Ukraine, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and the United Arab Emirates prepared for a United Nation mandate and UN led military intervention in Afghanistan to aid the Northern Alliance against the Taliban and their Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. It was clear that the Afghanistan Conflict, Afghanistan Civil War that had raged from 1978 till the present needed to End and that after the defeat of the Taliban, the United Nations would need to use peacekeeping forces to ensure rebuilding and stability in the region, as well as a overall security that would ensure the new Afghan Nation would thrive and prosper in peace and stability afterwards finally. To do so the United States promised to lend their military power alongside that of their allies to ensure a quick and fast defeat of the Taliban Regime while having their and all other forces remain under observation and control of the United Nations joint mission in Afghanistan.
 
Chapter 2: The Bush Doctrine and the Axis of Evil

Chapter 2: The Bush Doctrine and the Axis of Evil​

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New times called for new tactics and strategies that fit them and the new dimension of terrorism and dangers it posed to the national security after September 11 was such a chase. To ensure that America would remain secure President Bush and his administration created a plan and route to ensure this goal, including a foreign policy that included unilateralism and the use of preemptive war to target certain nation states harboring, or aiding terrorism in any way or form. In his famous Bush Doctirne Speach after the 9/ 11 attacks, President George W. Bush proclaimed that the United States had the right to secure itself against countries that harbor or give aid to terrorist groups and that therefore the United Nation resolution to End the Civil War in Afghanistan, create a coalition government between Northern Alliance and the Taliban and to hand over Osama bin Laden to the united States so that he could be trialed there for his terrorism were justified. In the eyes of Bush his Doctrine meant the securing of the United States against immediate or perceived future threats, both against nations and other groups and actors. Bush did however not want it to be use to justify regular wars and invasions like in the past, rather limited support operation and the support of international UN forces and operations alike as he was concerned that otherwise would serve only short term US military interests and no long term security. Parts of this had to do with his fear of being reelected and that a drawn out war against several nations they had identified as the new Axis of Evil (Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea and Syria), as sponsors of global terror meant that the United States could be drawn into another long, insurgency war like Vietnam, after all the conflict in Afghanistan alone already lasted since 1978. Therefore Bush hoped that the National Security Strategy of the United States as planned by the National Security Council of his Bush administration would be able to archive their goals without hurting the American economy or global position. This meant that the United States under him would perused actions and strategies to strike against these sponsors and harbors of terrorism in means and ways they would be unable to counterattack the United States, thereby ensuring not only it's victory, but also the security of it's overall citizens.

The early phase of the Bush Doctrine that called for international, diplomatic support for such plans and actions therefore was rather easy and simple, as the wake of the September 11 attack had brought with it a wave of sympathy and support for the United States that President George W. Bush now used to ensure diplomatic, financial and military support for his doctrine and plans alike. What he had in mind against the Taliban regime of the Emirate of Afghanistan was a operation with limited ground forces and massive air support, similar to the quick and fast United States intervention and operation against Serbia in the Yugoslav Wars. At the same time the international UN alliance preparing the operation against the Taliban in Afghanistan also made contact with local resistance fighters and opposition against the Taliban by starting diplomatic relations with them and trying to get them all to form a new coalition government that could take over after the Taliban would be defeated in the coming conflict. This meant also creating common ground and rules where these different factions that had been enemies in the Afghan Conflict and Civil War could work together and form a new Afghan government that would be able to take over ruling the country as fast as possible. With UN help, especially financial support, rebuilding the civil war destroyed country and helping form a new Afghan police and military to secure the peace the United Nations planned to establish inside Afghanistan once the conflict with the Taliban would be over. At the same time the American and international industry were aboard with the new Bush doctrine, especially his intervention plans in Afghanistan and other places as this meant they would finally be able to have their own business opportunities in these regions, including business deals with the new governments that would be established in these places instead of the former regimes. With this diplomatic, economic and military support secured US President George W. Bush was ready to implement his Bush Doctrine and make the world more secure by ending global terrorism he believed.
 
Chapter 3: The Afghanistan War

Chapter 3: The Afghanistan War​

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The United Nation invasion of Afghanistan, also known as the UN War in Afghanistan War knew they had a hard task, after all Afghanistan was internally split between Hanafi Sunni (around 70% of the population), Imami Shia (around 25% of the population) Ismail Shia (around 4,5% of the population, supported by Iran) and other religious groups, while also being ethnically split into Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Parsiwans and Kizilbash, Char-Aymaqs, Pamiris, Barakis, Ormuris, Nursi (Kapirs), Pasha'is, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Aimak, Baloch, Nuristani and Brahois from which the Baloch and Pashtun also had large members of their group living across the border in Pakistan. The public aim of the conflict was to dismantle and eliminate al-Qaeda, deny it a safe base and deny the Taliban their power base as well. The majority of the operation would be carried by the United States of America and the United Kingdom who gave artillery and aerial support alongside special operation forces, but the majority of the actual fighting was carried by the Northern Alliance and anti-Taliban groups, tribes and insurrections. While the Taliban controlled roughly 90% of the country by 2001 after the phase of the Afghan Civil War from 1996 to 2001 during which they came out dominant, the aerial support of the United Nations for the Northern Alliance and anti-Taliban groups would show to be efficient. The conflict had started after US President George Walker Bush demanded that the Taliban would hand over Osama bin Laden and other high ranking members of al-Qaeda that were wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) since their 1998 terror attacks. The Taliban declined doing so unless they would be given evidence that they deemed convincing that he had been involved in plotting and carrying out the 9/11 attacks. They also ignored all UN demands to shut down terrorist bases and training camps in their country, or to hand over terrorist suspects, but opened up to some negotiations. This was soon seen by the United States as a delay tactic and so the UN forces began their combined operation in Afghanistan to support the Northern Alliance and anti-Taliban groups, tribes and insurrections under the Operation Afghani Freedom starting on October 7, 2001.

These UN forces were made up by the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, the Northern Alliance, anti-Taliban groups, tribes and insurrections, Russia, India, Turkey, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Some of the nations involved like Iran, Russia and India had their own agenda and plans for influence in the region for supporting the UN mission in Afghanistan. From October 2001 to March 2002 they would drive out the Taliban and al-Quaida from power and establish military bases near major cities across Afghanistan to ensure the remnant of al-Quaida and the Taliban would not attack them with terrorist orations or take them back. This UN garrisons and forces were lead by the United Nations Security Council that established the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to oversee military operations in the country and train Afghan National Security Forces starting in December 2001. At the same time during the Bonn Conference, Hamid Karzai was selected to head the Afghan Interim Administration, which after a 2002 loya jirga (grand assembly) in Kabul became the Afghan Transitional Administration. At the same time many members of al-Qaeda and the Taliban had not been captured or killed, but escaped to nearby bordering Pakistan if they had not retreated to the southeastern remote mountainous regions during the Battle of Tora Bora. The second place in this election was made by Masooda Jalal, the only women during the Afghan election and later Minister of Women's Affairs for the new government. Nearly immediately the reconstruction of Afghanistan began under the new government and with international help, but he would only stay for a few years, as in 2004 Younus Qanooni, Leader of the New Afghanistan Party and a ethnic Tajik would become the new president in popular elections, opposing Pakistan involvement and influence that favored a reformed Taliban government and therefore established close ties to India. Under him the UN Peacekeeping Forces in Afghanistan UNMA (United Nations Mission in Afghanistan) that would lead and coordinate the ISAF forces with the new Afghanistan government. While the United States already began reducing their forces in Afghanistan in 2002, American companies, firms and other investors moved in.
 
Chapter 4: Costs of the Afghanistan War

Chapter 4: Costs of the Afghanistan War​

The Afghanistan War would cost in 2001 till 2002 would range around 20 to 46 billion $ for the United States until the United Nations took completely over. In total it would cost nearly 675 billion till 2020. But with the United Nations taking over the Bush Administration complained together with Great Britain that they and a few others had managed to defeat al-Quaida and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and liberate it's people, installing a new partly tribal, partly democratic new Afghani State. But while they had made up the majority of the fighting forces and payed the massive expanses mainly for themselves, they and other UN coalition forces convinced the United Nations that those who hat voted for this resolution but then led others do the dirty work. Therefore they argued that that the UN member nations that had supported such a resolution should at least partly financial support their hard work as well as their financial burden. The United Nations agreed and supported them with a fund of money given by willingly donors who payed of part of the financial burden. This and the early retreat of most American own forces and thereby financial involvement meant that, while costly the Afghanistan War would not turn out to be a endless spiral of debt and death that it would become for the UN and other nations involved in the blue helmets peacekeeping mission there. Instead American investors, mainly those in the building business that helped rebuild the ruins of the Afghan urban cities and infrastructure after the long-lasting civil war, as well as American prospectors and mining companies lead to them helping rebuild Afghanistan and aiding the new young state in rebuilding itself to become stable and prosperous once more. Besides the Americans, the Europeans, as well as China India and Russia were investing in Afghanistan, all for various reasons and their own interests as the main investors. Especially China, India and Russia invested to gain influence and a step in the food of the new state that would help them out in their own strategic interest in this region of south Asia at the same time. Despite all this the new Afghanistan Government would remain rather close mainly to the United States of America, as well as the Republic of India alike.

The quick End of the Afghanistan War for the Americans and it's relatively low financial burden was something very important for President George W. Bush as the economic costs actually had been one of the major things he was concerned about in his consideration of bringing the War to the Axis of Evil. Now that he had proven such regimes could be relatively easy toppled and with a bit of hard work, good working, transitional but already democratic governments could be installed to work in these states instead, Walker felt confident that this could be the first of many steps to rid the world of evil regimes during his presidency, while also keeping the costs in check and maybe with some reforms to taxes, budgets and spending even decrease the total deficits and debt of the United States of America in general. Thanks to this, despite another upcoming war against Iraq during his first term as President, George Walker Bush would manage to decrease the budget deficit constantly and during his reelection in the year 2004 would he would have gotten rid of all deficit and debt of the Untied States entirely. This meant he did not only quickly and cleanly win two wars, but also reduce taxes and spent the money he had better on infrastructure and schools then the Clinton Administration had done before him. All of this achievements would pave the way for George Bush second term in office so that he could continue to build up the United States and bring down it's enemies, the sponsors of global terror and despotism all over the world. When he would finally get rid of all debt during his Second Term in Office, Bush had more financial backing power for projects within the United States themselves, as well as oversees were he would use part of this money for diplomatic, economic and military pressure against the enemies of the United States and the Free World, to ensure that the children of today's children would live in a much safer, much more prosperous and stable world when he would leave his office. While his War in Iran and other military interventions and wars would be contested and disputed as unrighteous by some, their stabilizing effects on most regions and nation states of the worlds they targeted were undeniable on the long run by most.
 
Chapter 5: The Iraq War

Chapter 5: The Iraq War
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Before the Operation against Iraq even began, the United States contacted various opposition and anti-Saddam, anti Ba'at government. They contacted the Iraqi National Congress (INC) a Iraqi political party founded by Ahmed Chalabi to unify opposition groups aided and coordinated by the US government in the wake of the Gulf War to overthrow the Ba'at government of Saddam Hussein. Supported by George H. W. Bush it coordinated various anti-Saddam groups under the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Other allies included the Kurdestan Democratic Party (DPK) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) who would join the fight with their Kurdish Peshmerga. Governing the regional Kurdish Government, they hoped to secure the democracy and peace for the Kurdish people and establish Kurdistan in Iraq with this move. After careful preparations, the Invasion of Iraq started on March 19 2003 in the air and on March 20 2003 on the ground, lasting just a little over a months. This time unlike in Afghanistan the United Nations had not been convinced of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, even if Saddam had gassed a Kurdish uprising after the last Gulf War. Despite this the United States and their allies, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland invaded Iraq and started 26 days of major combat operations. On May 1 2003 the invasion was officially declared over and President George W- Bush announced the End of major combat operations and the establishment of a Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) as the transitional government that created the new Iraq constitution and prepared the first Iraqi parliamentary election as it's provisional government in 2004. 177,194 troops invaded Iraq, 130,000 of these American, 45,000 British, 2,000 Australian and 194 Polish soldiers. Before the invasion 100,000 American forces had gathered in Kuwait by February 18. The goal of this Coalition forces was to overthrow the Ba'at government of Saddam Hussein, end his support of terrorism and al-Quaida in Iraq and free the Iraqi people. As Iraq opposed disarming itself of any atomic, biologic and chemical weapons and let United Nation inspectors observe such a process, the United States and Britain declared the regime of Saddam a intolerable threat to world peace

A majority of 64% of all Americans supported military actions, while 63% also wished Bush would have tried to find a diplomatic solution longer. Other US allies, like the governments France, Canada, Germany, and New Zealand opposed the invasion, believing there were to little evidence for weapons of mass distraction and support of al-Quaida. As around 62% of Americans also believed that Iraq was a threat to the US because of it's aid of terrorism. In the End the coalition would uncover around 5,000 chemical warheads, shells and aviation bombs during their invasion of Iraq, nearly all build and abandoned before the Gulf War of 1991. Around 36 million people overall would protests against the war all across the world. Quickly surrounding Iraqi forces the Coalition drove to the center of Iraq, heading to Bagdad. With the Iraqi military quickly defeated the provisional Iraqi government created a new constitution and worked for a new Iraqi state now that the Ba'athist government was deposed. Saddam Hussein went into hiding, would later be found and trialed by the Iraqi people themselves were he would be found guilty and hung. After this American Coalition lead invasion of Iraq, the majority of American and British forces would withdraw, leaving the military occupation of Iraq during it's reconstruction and newly formed government phase. This blue helmet UN occupation would last till 2010 and help the New Iraqi government to ensure security against remnant Ba'at Party and military members as well as al-Quaida forces in Iraq who would attempt a insurgence in 2006 to 2009 to regain power once again. The new Iraqi State formed a parliamentarian democracy, modeled strongly after Lebanon in the way that according to the new constitution the Iraqi President had to always be a Iraqioum (Arab speaking Shia Iraqis), the Prime Minister had to always be a Kurd (Sunni, Shi'a, Yezid and other Kurds) and the Speaker of the Parliament had to always be a Jazirans (Arab speaking Sunni). This way the American lead Coalition and the new government hoped to balance out the rivalries and tensions between the ethnic and religious groups in Iraq to form a new strong government and state. Like in Syria and Lebanon however the power vacuum leftover by Saddam Hussein also allowed for a stronger growing Iranian influence by backing Shia parties, groups and individuals alike.
 
Chapter 6: Costs of the Iraq War

Chapter 6: Costs of the Iraq War
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One thing was quickly clear, the costs of the Iraq war from 2003 to 2004 ranged from $54,4 billion to $143,9 billion during the United States involvement and as it hadn't been a sanctioned and approved United Nations Operation, the Untied Nations were not very open to pay for any of it, especially as their own peace keeping blue helmet operation in Iraq would continue to cost the United Nations themselves around $613.9 billion in additional costs over the next two decades. So the Bush Administration came up with another plan to nullify the costs of their involvement; the new Iraqi Government had to accept mainly American, British, Australian and Polish firms for the reconstruction of their country including prospectors and oil companies that would start to invest massively in the country and especial it's resources so they could extract them mainly for their own industries and economic needs. Thanks to this deals and good spending the $413 billion in debt that the USA had to muster in 2004 were sinking to $258 billion in 2005 during George W. Bush's Second term as President of the United States. In the 2004 election, Bush received a total of 286 electoral votes and won the absolute majority of the popular vote (56.7% percent to his opponent's 43.3%). They would continue to sink to $18 billion in debt in 2006 and to a surplus able to be spend of $96 billion in 2007, as well as a new debt of $173 billion in 2008 had the Bush Administration not decided to continue their War on Terror by targeting Cuba, Libya, Syria, Lebanon, Iran and North Korea. In this time Bush would try to look for openings he would be able to exploit, some weaknesses or excelled surrounding situations that could benefit his actions against the remaining Axis of Evil. His options here however were more limited then they had before been in Afghanistan and Iraq, as by now the wave of sympathy, support and understanding after September 11 both in the United Nation and across the world had shrunken severely and by now a growing minority of Americans had become more skeptical of such operations as well, meaning he faced growing oppositions on the home front as well. Part of this was because the blue helmet operations of the United Nations in Afghanistan and Iraq.

These had 50,000 (Iraq) and 10,000 (Afghanistan) US troops helping out the United Nations operations in these newly liberated and now democratic, parliamentarian nations by recruiting and training local police and army forces alike to ensure continued stability and security. The problem with the remaining Axis of Evil was that a invasion of Cuba was daring at best as a massive naval operation, the same was true for Libya, were neither Tunisia nor Egypt would be willing to serve as staging ground for American forces either it seamed. Lebanon and the Hezbollah had a controversial and problematic relation with one another, with the government fearing a new Syrian Civil War should they act to directly against them, beside this until 2005 Lebanon was also still occupied by Syria since their 1976 intervention in the Lebanese Civil War then. Lebanon (Hezbollah) and Syria alike were also guaranteed and protected by Iran, while in East Asia the powerful nuclear power of the Chinese People's Republic still held it's protective hands above the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). This meant for George Walker Bush that his remaining options against what was left of the so called Axis of Evil were split into three options, the first attacking states that promised a horrible early invasion and a very problematic supply line in general (Iraq and Libya), the second promising a massive global conflict in the Middle East (Lebanon, Syria and Iran), or even a massive regional or even global conflict in East Asia (North Korea and People's Republic of China). Because of this the options open to US President George W. Bush were rather limited during his second term, but that would change once President John McCain would be in office. Until then however the United States would give aid to the State of Israel in the 2006 Lebanon War that would also be known as the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War and mark the start of the Second Lebanese Civil War after the End of Syrian occupation of Lebanon in 2005. While neither Israel, nor the Untied States had planned for the conflict to escalate this way, but soon Syria, Russia, Turkey and China were involved in the conflict one way or another. At the same time the new Iraqi state had a internal crisis when the Kurdistan Region Independence Referendum had archived independence for the State of Kurdistan.
 
Chapter 7: The 2006 Lebanon War or 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War

Chapter 7: The 2006 Lebanon War or 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War
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The 2006 Lebanon War, or 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War happened after the End of the Syrian occupation of Lebanon (1976-2005). It was also known as the Second Lebanon War and is mostly known as the starting phase of the Second Lebanon Civil War. It was a 34-day military conflict in Northern Israel, the Golan Heights and Southern Lebanon between Hezbollah paramilitary forces and the Israel Defense Forces that started on 12 July 2006, lasting until a United Nations-brokered ceasefire began on 14 August 2006, but officially only ended on 8 September 2006 when Israel lifted its naval blockade of Lebanon. Because of massive Iranian support for Hezbollah it was also seen as a Iran-Israel proxy conflict. Many believed that the conflict escalated as the Untied States supported Israel in it's bombing strikes and aerial surveillance of the area. In secret agreement with the Lebanese Government, Israel and the United States were allowed a flight and control zone in Southern Lebanon to observe Hezbollah movements and operations in the area, a move that would lead to Hezbollah attacks on the Lebanese Army and government facilities, as well as to many Palestine Refugees in Southern Lebanon openly siding with Hezbollah or at least openly protest and disobey the Lebanese Government in Beirut. The conflict started because of Hezbollah raids across the border into Israel, beginning with the firing of rockets on 12 July 2006 at a Israeli border towns as a diversion for an anti-tank missile attack on two armored Humvees patrolling the Israeli side of the border fence. The ambush left three soldiers dead. Two Israeli soldiers were abducted and taken by Hezbollah to Lebanon. Five more were killed in Lebanon, in a failed rescue attempt. Hezbollah demanded the release of Lebanese prisoners held by Israel in exchange for the release of the abducted soldiers. Israel refused and responded with airstrikes and artillery fire on targets in Lebanon. Israel attacked both Hezbollah military targets and Lebanese civilian infrastructure, including Beirut's Rafic Hariri International Airport. The IDF launched a ground invasion of Southern Lebanon. Israel also imposed an air and naval blockade. Hezbollah then launched more rockets into northern Israel and engaged the IDF in guerrilla warfare from hardened positions. Soon after American fighters and bombers from nearby military bases joined in as a part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and thereby a fight in the Global War on Terror. They alongside Israeli allies bombed Hezbollah targets and personal in Southern Lebanon, as well as Eastern Lebanon at the End of the conflict.

This and the Beirut Lebanese Government cooperation lead to open hostilities between the Hezbollah and the Lebanon government and military. Soon after starting their hostilities, Hezbollah would be supported by Syria and Iran to once again increase their influence and hegemony over Lebanon. This initial conflict is believed to have killed between 1,249 and 1,874 Lebanese people, and 185 Israelis. It severely damaged Lebanese civil infrastructure, and displaced approximately one million Lebanese and 300,000–500,000 Israelis. On 11 August 2006, the United Nations Security Council unanimously approved United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701 (UNSCR 1701) in an effort to end the hostilities. The resolution, which was approved by both the Lebanese and Israeli governments the following days, called for disarmament of Hezbollah, for withdrawal of the IDF from Lebanon, and for the deployment of the Lebanese Armed Forces and an enlarged United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in the south. UNIFIL was given an expanded mandate, including the ability to use force to ensure that their area of operations was not used for hostile activities, and to resist attempts by force to prevent them from discharging their duties. The Lebanese Army began deploying in Southern Lebanon on 17 August 2006. The blockade was lifted on 8 September 2006. On 1 October 2006, most Israeli troops withdrew from Lebanon, although the last of the troops continued to occupy the border-straddling village of Ghajar.In the time since the enactment of UNSCR 1701 both the Lebanese government and UNIFIL have stated that they will disarm Hezbollah, because of Hezbollah's recent attacks on the Lebanese army and government alike. This move started the Lebanese-Hezbollah War. Quickly Syria, Iran and secretly Russia on the side of Hezbollah and the Palestine Front against the Untied States, Israel and Turkey on side of the Lebanese Government joined into this Second Lebanese Civil War that would soon attract Islamist groups from all over the Middle East and also see a Christian Maronite (Lebanese Front, Army of Free Lebanon -central Lebanon, Free Lebanon Army – South Lebanon) and a Druze Militia as Third and Forth Parties and Factions. Their constant inter-allying and rivaling with one another over total control of Lebanon during this Second Lebanese Civil War would increase the anarchy and chaos of the conflict.
 
Chapter 8: Iraqioum or Iraqistan and Jaziran

Chapter 8: Iraqioum or Iraqistan and Jaziran
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The Independence of Kurdistan in Iraq lead to a chain reaction as the mainly Iranian supported Iraqioum (Arab speaking Shias) were encouraged to aim for their own independence as well to create a Iran-depending puppet state in the region that could spread Iran/ Shia influence over Mesopotamia and the oil fields. They quickly demanded their own independence and the Americans learned the hard way that without Sunni and Jaziran Iraqi dictatorship the ethnic and religious rivalries and opposition in Iraq lead to the state to split up, just like Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union had done decades before. With growing Iranian influence in the newly independent region of Iraqioum, also known as Iraqistan (as well as Lower Mesopotamia and historically Sawad, with the new capital Basra) the Iraqi central government lost all control and strength, leading to Iraq becoming a failed state, with radical ethnic and religious groups and even terror organizations on the rise, something that would soon spill over into the Syrian Civil War. A few border clashes occurred as Saudi Arabia and the United States tried to continue to support the Jazirans (Arab speaking Sunni) state of Jazira, Jazirah, Djizirah, or Djezirah (Upper Mesopotamia, with the new capital Samarra), but it was to late. Iraq broke apart into now three new states and the world saw the first phase of a proxy-war between Arabia and Iran, Sunnites and Shiites in the Middle East, a conflict that would only increase in a series of civil wars and proxy-wars all over the Middle East, proving that the War on Terror, unlike hoped would not help stabilize and secure the region. Shia Militia and Shia parts of the new Iraqi Army, as well as local Iraqioum and Islamist groups joined Iran, while on the other hand Sunni militia, Sunni parts of the new Oraqi Army and local Jaziran and Islamists groups joined in with Saudi Arabia. Quickly both Iran and Saudi Arabia would try to gain control over Kuwait and both sides of the Persian Gulf as well and volunteer forces of both new states would begin to participate in the Second Lebanese Civil War and the Syrian Civil War in hopes of archiving a victory for their Sunni or Shia groups respectively. At the same time Saudi Arabia itself annexed some nearly uninhabited former southern Iraq border regions and started a more Wahabist radical civil reform back to more traditional roots.

Clearly they as well as Iran were secretly afraid of the radical Jihadist groups they had unleashed and that some of them might turn on their creators themselves in the now spreading Middle East Civil Wars as they themselves were way to moderate for some of the hardliners and radicals that would now start to get into positions of power. The United States, knowing by now that Iran supported ethnic and religious radical groups in Afghanistan and Iraq to expand his hegemony over newly established, independent Shia nation states, or at least Shia elite controlled states in the region backed Saudi Arabia in this conflict, as well as Israel and all other local powers that opposed this growing Iranian influence as Iran and with it the new state of Iraqistan remained official a part of the Axis of Evil and thereby the terrorist supporting states of the world according to the Bush Administration. This destabilization of the region also heavily led many question how well prepared and planned the United States had truly gotten into this war and if it in itself had been the right thing to do, or just worsened the situation. Even some long-time American allies in Europe now started to openly ask such questions in their daily news and soon the first of them would outright blame the United States for this failures, as if their suggestions and support for the United Nations plans and peacekeeping forces in these areas had managed to do it better in any way or form. As this destabilization was not what the Bush Administration had in mind for the region, quit the opposite, US President George Walker Bush learned that maybe full out democracy and self-determination in a region with so much ethnic, cultural and religious conflicts and rivalries wasn't the best recipe for stability, peace and prosperity. Instead it seamed like Saddam and soon Assad and Gaddafi alike had managed to do a much better job in keeping their nation states together, leading to a shift in policies and plans in the War on Terror during the next Republican Presidency under John McCain.
 
Chapter 9: The Syrian Civil War

Chapter 9: The Syrian Civil War
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With Syria and Iran helping out in the Second Lebanese Civil War and many Palestine Refugees as well as Hezbollah forces retreating over the border into Syria, the neighboring state itself became more and more destabilized and from 2008 to the beginning of the Arab Spring 2010 the Syrian society and government faced dissidents, riots and uprisings from various radicalized religious and ethnic groups. This made the early Presidency of former Senator of Arizona, John McCain who had won over Senator Barack Obama of Illinois in the 2008 presidential election. Syrian Arabs, Alawis/ Alawites (a Shia Islam sect with 2,5 to 3,1 million members) that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad of the Syrian Arab Republic was also a part of, Levantines (members of the Latin Church/ Catholic Church with 1,96 million members), Kurds (Sunni, Yezidi and Alevi with around 1,9 million members), Druze (that mixed elements of Isma'ilism, a branch of Shia Islam, Gnosticism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Neoplatonism and Pythagoreanism with around 684,000 to 730,000 members), Ismailis (Arab speaking Sevener Shia with 449,000 to 550,000 members), Nusairis (Arab speaking Gnostic with 278,000 to 330,000 members), Imamis/ Ja'faris ( Arab speaking Twelver Shia with 235,000 to 340,000 members) and other ethnic and religious minorities and groups started fighting one another with the Alawites and many Syrian Arabs either supporting Assad, or the new Syrian Interim Government were parts of the opposition, military and government had defected towards, using a variant of the Syrian flag that had the Red stripe and the green stars exchanged to make them optical different on the battlefield. Hezbollah, Iran and Russia would support Assad, while the United States, Turkey and other parts of NATO supported the new Interim Government in the north, centered around Aleppo. Other rebellious groups included the Kurds in the northeast (heavily supported by Kurdistan and opposed by Turkey), the Druze in the South (who stayed neutral but had massive Israeli support to form a buffer state between them and the main Syrian Civil War area). Around 800,000 dead and 7,000,000 refugees later the Syrian Civil War would End thanks to American, Turkish, Arabian, Iranian and Israeli supported United Nations negotiations and peace talks.

In the western coastal region a Alawite-Levantine State was established with the capital Latakia that also claimed part of the Hatay Province with Alexandretta that had joined Turkey in 1939. In the southwest of Syria a Druze State with the capital Suwaida was created as a buffer state for Israel as some claimed. In the northeast the Kurds became independent gained all Kurdish land along the Syrian-Turkish border, as their own Kurdish Syrian State that quickly joined the Kurdish Nation State of Kurdistan that had become independent earlier in Iraq during it's breaking apart. The rest of Syria, mainly Sunni Syrian Arabs from Damascus, over Homs to Idlip, Aleppo, Raqqa and Deir al-Zur with around 2/3 of the whole remaining Syrian Arab Sunni State leaving behind it's connections to Iran and Hezbollah and becoming closer to Saudi Arabia, as well as Turkey who were cornered with the remaining Iranian influence, Iranian plans, or simply the newly independent Kurdish State that send huge waves of nationalism and independence throughout the Kurdish populations of their own state. United States President John McCain knew this wasn't the optimal outcome and most likely destabilized the region further as all four major local powers; Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey hoped to increase their influence over this newly independent states as well, but he hoped that during his second term as President (2017-2021) this peace deal would . Further more with the United Nations mission in Syria to ensure peace and reconstruction in this new nation states would give him a more peaceful image despite his ongoing War on Terror across the world. Until then the Syrian Civil War and many of it's participant militia and terror groups had also spilled over into the Second Lebanese Civil War and vice versa. That was one of the main reasons, beside getting rid of Assad, Hezbollah and Iranian influence that the United States and the United Nations intervened in this two Civil Wars.
 
Chapter 10: The Second Lebanese Civil War

Chapter 10: The Second Lebanese Civil War
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The Second Lebanese Civil War that had started in 2006 and led to a Lebanese and Palestine Refugee Crisis into Syria now turned back to Lebanon were Hezbollah and the Palestine Front were supported by Assad's Syria (during it's last years of existence), Iran and secretly Russia, while the United States, Israel and Turkey supported the Lebanese State and Government. With various ethnic and religious militia and terror groups emerging, showing up all over Lebanon, like the Christian Maronite (Lebanese Front, Army of Free Lebanon -central Lebanon, Free Lebanon Army – South Lebanon) and a Druze Militia alike that soon allied one another. At the same time both allied with Israel against Hezbollah and other radical Islamist groups while Israel was still officially a ally of the Lebanese Government. The Christian Maronites and the Druze at the same time also allied with the Druze State around Suweida in Southern Syria that the Druze Rashaiya directly became a part of. Both also mainly fought the forces of Hezbollah in the Lebanese Mountains around Baalbek, pushing many of them towards Syria were Allied supported them while the new Syrian Government fought them as allies of Assad. The Christian Levantines and the Alawite-Levantine State at the Syrian Coast of the Mediterranean Sea soon allied with the Maronites as well to keep themselves secure from Assad Syrian forces and Hezbollah militia alike, making the Maronite-Druze one of the strongest forces in the Lebanese Civil War, followed closely by the Lebanese Government Remnants and the Hezbollah as the second and third major powers of the conflict. While the Maronite-Druze controlled most of northwest coastal and central Lebanon, the Lebanese Government for a time held onto the Beirut to Sidon area and parts of the norther coast around Tripoli. All of this changed after the Presidency of George W. Bush that ended in 2009 with Republican President John McCain taking over. The loose alliance between Maronite, Druze and the Lebanese government ended when the Maronite and Druse, supported by the Syrian Druze State in the East and the Alawite-Levantine State in the North as well as partly Israel in the South backstabbed the Lebanese Government remnants and took over Beirut.

After that they were declaring their own faction to be the new official Lebanese Government and power after taking the capital, while forcing the Lebanese Government to relocate to Tripoli. The battle of Zahle in the mountains of Lebanon ensured that Hezbollah's forces would be split into a southern and northern fraction, with the Southern one quickly crushed between Israeli, Druze and Maronite forces that liberated Sidon from Lebanese Government and Hozbollah forces that had contested it for nearly a year as well as Tyre the capital of the Southern Hezbollah forces. Afterwards they turned north to fight the remnants of the Lebanese Government inf Tripoli and the remnant of the norther Hezbollah around Baalbek. When Tripoli fell the Maronite announced Lebanon to be a majorly Maronite State, run by Maronite with special minority rights to Druze and Shia as well as Sunni Lebanese minorities. Around 250,000 Lebanese had died during the Lebanese Civil War and with millions having fled to the remand of the Syrian state near Damaskus, Lebanon again was a majorly Christian country in the Middle East and the Maronites and others intended to keep it that way. Together Israel that had annexed Gaza and the West Bank by now formed a close alliance with the newly independent Druze State, Kurdistan, Maronitia (the former Lebanon) as well as Alawite-Levantine State against intentions of Saudi Arabia, Iran and Turkey to gain influence and power in the region with their own political, economical and ideological support for various parties, militia and even terror groups alike. Clearly the Alawite-Levantine State, Druzia, Osrael, Kurdistan and Maronitia all had many similar enemies and opponents to their independence and survival as a nation state and thereby allied and closely cooperated with one another. Other neighbors like Egypt and Jordan just wished to stay out of all of this and only occasionally cooperated with them against local militia and terror groups.
 
Chapter 11: The Libyan Civil War

Chapter 11: The Libyan Civil War
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On 15 March 2011 the Libyan Civil War started when the people rose up against the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya under Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution Muammar Gaddafi, when the population as well as parts of the Libyan National Army, Ground Forces, Air Forces and Navy formed their own government in Tobruk and Benghazi. Soon after the local Tuareg in the Southwest rose up to declare their independence as well, while radical Islamist groups and local Tripolitanian, Fezzan and Cirenaica militia rose up as well. Gaddafi was soon killed and toppled as NATO heavily supported the rebels, while Belarus and Zimbabwe supported the Gaddafi government. Soon after the various rebel groups started to fight one another for power as well, including Dafur rebels the House of Representatives (Tobruk based and supported by the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Sudan, Assad's Syria until it's End, Russia and NATO), the Government of National Accord (Tripoli based supported by the New Syria, as well as Turkey), the short lived National Salvation Government, the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries, al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb and ISIL (Islamic State in Libya). This radical Islamist and Jihadist groups were opposed by the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Italy, who directly lend their support to all local Libyan rebel groups willing to fight these radicals. It would be one of the first actions of United States President John McCain to ensure support for the Libyan governments and try to get the Tobruk and Tripoli based governments to negotiate a coalition government with one another while also allowing for independence of the Tuareg Berber Nation State in the Southwest of Libya as NATO realized that otherwise the radical Islamist/ jihadist groups like al-Qaida, or ISIM (Islamic State in Maghreb) would otherwise be allowed to use the Tuareg Berber wish for a Nation State of their own to heavily recruit out of their population in Algeria, Mali, Mauretania and Nigeria alike, not to mention other Berber groups in Morocco and Tunisia as well. Something that would allow for enemies of these more radical groups to prevent their radical expanding and overall influence in the Maghreb region as a whole hoped NATO and the United Nations alike during their War on Terror.

With the Tripoli government allying with more questionable or even radical Islamist and Jihadist groups to bring a End to the Libyan Civil War for good, causing many in NATO and even other governments like Russia and Turkey to stronger support and aid the Tobruk based government instead that quickly makes a deal with the Tuareg Berber allowing them a quasi nonvenomous province and own nation state in formerly southwest Libya in exchange for them suppressing the smuggling of weapons and militia personal of al-Qaida and ISIM (Islamic State in Maghreb) out of Libya trough the Sahara Desert into Algeria, Niger and Chad alike. As those governments were glad that the Tuareg and Berber overall apposed this radical elements of Islamism and Jihadism alike who flirted with the Tuareg overall Berber and their national state idea of a own Berber homeland. In the End the Tobruk government managed to push their opponents away from the Libyan Coast and drive them towards Tripoli itself were the last major battle of the Libyan Civil War would take place in 2019, Ending the conflict after eight long years. It was clear that mainly NATO airstrike support in form of airstrikes has helped the New Libyan government defeat the holdouts of radical groups and thereby weaken the Tripoli-alliance with them, so that the Tobruk government would be able to be victorious in the End. The Libyan Civil War would kill 43,000 Libyans, with a additional 6,000 to 8,000 missing, as well as around 140,000 injured or wounded in some way of form. Additionally around 1,200,000 to 2,000,00 Libyans ended up as refugees in neighboring States or Europe, meaning that one sixth to one third of the population of the new Libyan Republic had been forced to leave their homes or resettle during the overall conflict. In the meantime United States President John McCain finally had ensured Statehood after a referendum for Puerto Rico in 2014, only two years after the last referendum regarding the matter had failed to archive the needed support to make Puerto Rico a new US State. Proudly the 51st State Puerto Rico or PR entered the Union, giving them four seats with voting power in the House of Representatives.
 
Chapter 12: Liberating Cuba

Chapter 12: Liberating Cuba
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The Invasion and Liberation of Cuba was planned again when Cuban Dictator, First Secretary and President Fidel Castro fell during a speech in 2015, showing his growing age and weakness that came with it. Therefore the invasion and liberation of Cuba was planned in 2016, assumed to take around 20 to 30 days with a force of around 263,000 forces needed in what would be a massive D-Day style invasion headquartered from a forward operation base in Miami. Of this forces around 72,000 were soldiers, 36,000 were Marines with 30,000 soldiers for support roles in Cuba alone. This would involve two airborne divisions, a infantry division and a armored combat division alongside a naval amphibious attack force. Additionally 1,500 aircraft in 15 tactical fighter squadrons, 60 troop carrier and transport squadrons, 433 missiles, including ones in Southern Florida and fired from submarines and ships, had been readied and deployed during the planning phase of the invasions. The American army comprised of 4,000 amphibian cars, 15,000 vehicles in general, over thousands of tons of supplies on forty trains and sixty supply ships. Because of this normal train transportation in Southern Cuba nearly came to a halt and additional 20,000 men served in the air supply flights needed. The Garrison of Guantanamo Bay was also heavily increased and supported with a armored mechanic division and a tank division alike, supposedly to secure the secret prisons there as the War on Terror increased. As a nation claimed to be supportive of terrorist groups and revolutionary regime guerrilla and civil wars, Cuba was a prime target for the United States in the War of Terror so to speak and even while the main legislative body of the Republic of Cuba, the National Assembly of People's Power of Cuba condemned major violent plans to overthrow the government of Cuba with force. The United States assumed they would have to counter 50,000 to 75,000 Cuban regular troops, 100,000 Cuban militia, 100,000 Cuban home guards and up to 1,5000,000 reserve personal and militia should the initial invasion fail or the fight to capture the island completely take to long. The Americans would be supported by 28,000 to 40,000 Cuban militia and auxiliary soldiers that were ready to support them, liberate Cuba and form a free new Cuban Republic government afterwards.

Overall the United States estimated causalities of 1,000 to 2,000 soldiers a day during the initial phase of the invasion and that around 150,000 regular Cuban troops and militia would oppose it directly. The initial invasion targeted two key areas, one in the west in La Fe, Arroyos de Mantua, Minas de Matahambre and Pinar del Rio and the major one in the East in Isabela de Sagua, Claibarien. The goal was that both landed forces would then head towards Havana, but the Eastern landing encountered strong resistance in Sancti Spiritus, Placetas and Santa Clara as well as in Florida, Camaguey and Puerto Padre with major battled occurring in Bayamo, Holduín and Guantánamo itself before the east of Cuba was finally liberated. Many Caribbean nations nearby, alongside many Latin American countries, headed by Bolivia and Venezuela, but also protest came from parts of the European Union (mainly Germany, Spain and France), Russia, White Russia, Iran, North Korea, Libya, Syria alike. During the last battle for Cuba, the capture of Havannah many Cuban Communist forces simply gave up, only a few fought till the last man and some went into underground to fight a Guerrilla war much like the one that had once brought Castro to power. The new Cuban government formed by exile Cubans and local democratic, liberal and other opposition to the regime of Castro alike soon drafted a new constitution for a multi-party state headed by a president hat had the Catholic faith as it's official state religion. The new Cuban State had it's blue and red flag patterns exchanged, meaning it's white star was surrounded by a blue triangle and his stripes became red, closer resembling the United States flag and nearly identical to the Puerto Rico former one, but in different shades of both colors. All embargo's against the Island of Cuba from American side were lifted and the United States helped rebuilding and stabilizing the new country the best they could. Out of the Cuban exiles and migrants a majority returned to a now free and democratic Cuba, mostly of the older generations while many who had been born and raised in the United States remained there.
 
Chapter 13: The Iran Civil War

Chapter 13: The Iran Civil War​

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From the Axis of Evil only Iran and North Korea remained complicated, because both had massive armies and in chase of North Korea was even aided and guaranteed by the People’s Republic of China, who would have no interest in Americans and a unified pro-American Korea on the border. Iran had a possible ally in Russia, but also a massive own force of about 600,000 personal, consisting of 400,000 Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces, made up by 350,000 Ground Forces; 18,000 Navy; 40,000 Air Force/Air Defense Forces,190,000 Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, 150,000 Ground Forces, 20,000 Navy, 15,000 Aerospace Force, 15,000 Qods Force and an estimated 90,000 active Basij Paramilitary Forces. It military's inventory includes a mix of domestically-produced and mostly older foreign equipment largely of Chinese, Russian, Soviet, and US origin, the later one coming from before the Islamic Revolution against the Shah in 1979. Overall international weapon imports were restricted, but Belarus, China, and Russia still traded with them and Iran itself had build up a defense industry with the capacity to develop, produce, support, and sustain air, land, missile and naval weapons programs. Because of incising Shiite-Sunni tensions over a split Middle East between this two major guiding nations, Saudi Arabia and Iran, as well as the US Alliance to Israel and Iran’s threats against the Jewish nation, a conflict became more and more realistic. Justification of war against Iran was not very credible, even if they backed terrorist groups and militia in Afghanistan and former Iraq, as it was a relatively small threat and would need a massive response, despite the Global War on Terror. A early American tactic and strategy had been to block of the Persian Gulf, with their control of the Seas, but the Millennium Challenge 2002 War Plan were Iran was lead by a retired but capable military commander Lt. Gen. Paul Van Riper used the assets Iran had in a unusual way, deploying suicide boats, cruise-missiles and other assets to sink 19 American ships and kill over 20,000 personal before a landing could even begin. This and the recent shift of American Military Plans from direct invasions to a more local assisted aid of counter-forces, like the Northern Alliance during the Afghanistan War and the support of various factions and groups during the Iraq War and Libyan Civil War meant that the US Military Planning Staff was open to new ideas.

Since an Invasion over Kuwait and southern Iraqioum/ Iraqistan would mean war with an additional nation the United States had just liberated in the Iraq War that had then fell under Iranian influence and the aid of the Jazira/ Jazirah/ Djizirah/ Djezirah Arab Sunni State of northern Iraq to aid them in that Invasion was messy and would diminish War support at home as well, another tactic and strategy was proposed, as an overall foreign Invasion despite oppression of woman and local minority groups might unite the Iranian People under their Regime. Especially ad they numbered around 80 million, more then Afghanistan (35 million) and Iraq (38 million) combined. The rise of Al-Qaida and Daesh/ Daish Islamic State during the Syrian Civil War had proven that doing so would be risky, but that there also were other options. As Persians only made up 61% of the overall population, followed by Azeris with 16%, Kurds with 10% around 6,730,000, Lurs with 6% and about 4 to 5 million, Arabs with 2%, Baluchs with 2% or about 1,5 to 2 million, Talishis with 2% and other smaller minorities like Turkmen with about 1% and 500,000 to 1,600,000 people. If the ethnic groups neighboring Iran could be allied to help them regain lost ethnic land in the region and incorporate it into their state, the United States might have the assistant of Kurdistan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. If others like the Lur/ Lurs/ Luri/ Lars (4 to 5 million), Baluchi (1,5 to 2 million), Mazanderian (3 to 4 million), Gilaks (3 to 4 million), Brahi, Qasgqai, Talysh/ Talishis 815,000 to 650,000) and others would also promised independence from overall Farsi Persia, they could form a massive coalition force inside the Iranian state hoped the Americans. More cautious minds and planners warned how this might destabilize the overall region, but the costs for America itself would be rather limited overall.

Radio and Television stations in these American allied neighboring nations were used to send specific propaganda, often in the native tongue of those people to rise up anti-Iranian sentiments against the Ayatollah Regime and leaflets, newspapers as well as local instructors were airdropped or smuggled by land into the country to create local militia and rebellious groups against the regime, secretly supplied by the United States. Recent immigration from the war-torn nations of Afghanistan and former Iran meant that this secret infiltration had some form of getting to their target destination. However some allies like Turkey did not support this move, even if Iran wasn’t their closest ally and sometimes a rival, as they feared an increasing growing and powerful Kurdistan, but restricted themselves from military invasions and bombings, as such attempts had lead to harsh US and European protests as well as the warning to be kicked out of NATO and EU membership talks if such hostile behavior against neighboring nations would continue. Pakistan meanwhile still had the Taliban, Al-Qaida and Islamic State forces to deal with at the Afghanistan border, like India fearing them getting the hands on some of their nuclear arsenal, as well as being worried that an independent Belochistan might increase Belochi independence movement and wishes inside their own state, so they backed out of any involvement in Iran as well. The Iran Civil War began with local insurrections, rebellions nd militia assaults in nearly half of the country, soon followed by American aided invasions from Kurdistan, Azerbaijan and Turkestan that managed to get some now less defended border regions under their direct control. Supported by massive American air- and rocket strikes on Iranian Regime targets and military vehicles and facilities of all kind the local rebellions soon grained more ground as well and Saudi Arabia soon send regular forces across the Persian Gulf as well to take direct control of the islands and coastal Arab inhabited areas, were they planned to establish a loyal puppet state for their own regime and expand Wahhabist ideology.

Most of West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan and Ardabil was soon ocupied by Azerbaijani militia and forces in the North. Kurdish militia and armed forces had taken over parts of Western Azerbaijan, Iranian Kurdistan and Kermanshah. Turkestan had taken control of most of Golestan, northern Razavi Khorasan and North Khorasan, wee also some local Kurds were rebelling alongside the Turkmen there. In Illam, Khuzestan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, as well as Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmed alongside Bushehr and even Hormozgan Arabs and Lars were rebelling. In central Fars the Qasqai rose up and in eastern Sistan and Baluchistan, as well as Eastern Kerman the Baluchi were openly rebelling. Parts of the Persian Farsi also rebelled, not against foreign rule, but the Ayatollah regime itself. While some military groups joined the local populations in rebellion, the Americans, beside airstrikes against the regime remained not involved and did not continue the mistake of disbanding parts of the military, like in Iran were this had lead to some local militias and terror groups with military equipment forming and rising up. The Iranian mountainous terrain was hard and difficult enough and the overall civil war would not end in some regions for the next 15 to 20 years. Saudi Arabia exporting it’s branch of Sunnite radical Wahabism into it’s newly formed puppets in southern forme Iran did not help stabilize the region either, but was tolerated, as it served as a counter to the Iranian-Iraqioum/ Iraqistan alliance alongside the Saudi Arabian closely allied Arab Sunni State of Jazira/ Jazirah/ Djizirah/ Djezirah established in Iran before. Now new Arab states like Khuzestan and Hormozgn in former southern Persia formed to give Saudi Arabia and Wahabism full control over the Entrance and path trough the Persian Gulf, allowing them to cut of any Iraqioum/ Iraqistan and Iranian oil shipments if they pleased to do so. Other new nations like Lursia/ Luria/ Larsia, Beluchistan, Gilaksan and Mazanistan formed as well, cutting of remnant Iran (once again called Persia, Republic of Persia) from the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, making the Persians a now completely land-locked nation state that would depend on outside former rivals and enemies for any king of oil trade, imports and exports. Some local militia and terrorist groups used this chaos to establish base and increase recruitment in former Iran, while China and Russia happily supplied weapons to most groups, as long as they did not ally or support anti-Chinese Islamist’s in East Turkestan or anti-Russian Islamsit’s in the Southern Caucasus and Central Asia. Overall however live for most of these ethnic groups, as well as for women and people overall became much more free then it had been before under the Ayatollah.
 
Chapter 14: Korean Unification

Chapter 14: Korean Unification
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After Iran, the United States turned towards their North Korean Problem, but beside them aiding terrorists and militias in Africa and the Middle East with weapons, the guarantee from the People’s Republic of China did not make the situation very simple or easy. It was estimated that North Korea $15–25 million worth of counterfeit Federal Reserve supernotes for years to finance direct attacks on US assets of any kind, not just the Dollar itself and the economy. Some like the Bank of Macau were accused of aiding North Korea in money laundering and the president of The Washington Times, undertook unofficial diplomatic missions to North Korea in an effort to improve relations between both countries since the Bush Administration, as he called it. The Chinese Guarantee as well as North Koreas own around 1,2 million active soldiers, including 1 million army members, 120,000 air force and 60,000 navy members alongside the 10,000 people counting Strategic Missile Forces and the 200,000 members of the Public Security Forces alongside massive reserves meant that North Korea would be an enemy unlike many. While it had mostly older weapon systems originally acquired from the former Soviet Union, Russia, and China, North Korea had started to manufacture copies and provides some upgrades to these weapon systems, while also increasing it’s robust domestic ballistic missile program based largely on missiles acquired from the former Soviet Union; since 2010. Believing a military solution would not work out in their favor, the Americans came up with another idea, the Six-Party Talks, between them, the United States, the two Koreas, Japan, China, and Russia as the major neighbors and major global powers involved in the Korean Peninsula.

The differences between both Korea’s were quit great, the North had a population of about 24,72 million, a GDP of about $1,800 (meaning their income would have to made ten times as big for a successful unification that would not economically cripple the South), an infant mortality rate of about 26,21 per 1,000 newborn, a life expectation of around 69,2 around 1 million active soldiers, military spending of about 22,3% of it’s budget (or about 8,213 billion) and lower then 0,1 people of 100 had access to internet while the country overall took around $78,8 million official development assistance to keep running. The South in contrast had a population of around 48,96 million, a GDP of about 32,400, an infant mortality rate of around 4,08 per 100 newborn, a life expectation of about 79,3, an active military of about 650,000, mostly because of threats form the North, a military spending of about 2,8% of it’s budget (or about 26,1 billion), with around 81,5 of 100 people having access to internet and spend about 69 million to help develop other nations, some of which was going to their northern neighbors. This wasn’t always the chase as after the End of the Korean War the North in the early recovery period had been more advanced then South Korea. With every passing year the North Korean Kim Dynasty was doing everything to not collapse and after the Untied States of America having defeated all other members of the Axis of Evil, making it clear for the North Koreans, that they needed nuclear weapons at any costs. Calculated on basis of the German Unification, the South Korean government estimated, that the cost of Korean reunification will be US$500 billion at least, a rather very optimistic if not outright laughable estimation. The Fall of North Korea began after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990ies as North Korea had a Famine and the Chinese People’s Republic had reestablished unification with South Korea. Some called for unconditional confrontation with North Korea speed up the fall of the regime, while others in South Korea supported aiding the North Korean economy and government, so that both would become more stable for a future unification. However the North Koreans accepted financial aid, but put it mainly into weapons like missiles, discouraging the South Korean voters, and even surrounding neighbors, as it destabilized the whole region.

Some even suggested a Unification Tax which in return lead to heavy opposition by South Korean voters. While some argued rare resources like minerals (estimated to be worth between 6 to 10 trillion $) and cheap North Korean labor would lead to lower costs of reunification, but others pointed out unification would soon lead to North Koreans ensuring equal pay under labor laws in South Korean courts if they were paid less then their Southern brothers and cousins for equal work. Still there were humanitarian reasons, about 20,000 members with separated families between North and South Korea who wished for reunification and seeing their families again. Some even called for pressuring the North Korean Government with economic aid sanctions, or proposed family meetings trough social media and internet which would allow for more regular and continued exchange between the divided family members. The South Korean Society was also rapidly aging and many believed the more younger people in North Korea, were the Birth Rate was twice as high. Once unified, could balance this problem out. Education and socialization between North and South Korean was very different and this meant they would needed to be acclimated to a new modern, democratic and capitalist society in a modern, global world. Many feared the North Koreans, upon Reunification would quickly realize how backwards they were and become somewhat of Second-class citizens because they lacked education and skills needed for a modern world and the South Korean Job Market. To some analysts this would mean many North Koreans would take the simple route to serve in the then volunteer, United Reunified Military later on, were they would have better opinion, something that no doubt would make many South Koreans would feel rather insecure about, especially as some resentment and viewing the older days of North Korea more nostalgic would mean this forces could in the future become more disloyal to a unified government, increasing the risk of a military coup and dictatorship in the Korean Peninsula. Therefore Conscription would most likely stay in place and the State would chose who to employ in it’s armed forces.

Other fears coming from German Reunification were the fact that many in South Korea feared the North Koreans would give a boost to socialist and communist parties that would then threaten to take over the country. North Korean Leadership also opposed Reunification and resisted it, as it would not only mean them loosing their money, power and status, but maybe even having to answer for some of the crimes done to their own citizens and South Korea alike, something that could also not be ignored or denied for North and South Koreans alike. While projects for a Reunified Korea like connection to the Russian Oil Pipelines and Trans-Siberian Railway and trade network would men a new additional income, the fear of pro-North Korean, pro-Kim rebel, terrorist and guerrilla forces forming was also a potential problem after Reunification. Because the economy and military of a Reunified Korea would mean they would not be imposed politics on by foreign powers was also something their neighbors worried. An economic and trade union could be a first step to some planning Korean Reunification, a route taking decades for a true Korean Union. The overall fusion of it’s militarizes would needed to have a combined high command. Demilitarization of the border and withdrawal for American Troops would be necessary, but that was only the beginning. Japan and South Korea had combined strategic interests for now, but once Korea would unite they would become more economic rivals, especial as neither the Chinese People’s Republic, or the Russian Republic would accept a United Korea that had American forces stationed directly at their border. The Kim Regime itself also preferred division as being cut off from the world, increased it chances of survival, even from it’s own rebelling population, as they had seen in the Soviet Union, East Germany and other places. Thereby a solution, not only for the to Koreans in a Confederation or Union would have to be found, but also for it’s neighbor states. The Chinese People’s Republic would like the Russian one never allow for a United Korean Confederation that had close ties to the Americans and American troops inside of it. At the same time the Japanese Republic would fear and oppose and Unified Korean Confederation that was no longer part of the American Shield and deterrent system in East Asia that would keep the Chinese at bay, the same was true for Taiwan (Chinese Republic) and other Southeast Asian Nation States.

This interest clashed with one another and the main United States of America would wish for close ties with a United Korea, in line with Tokio, but also with a Korea that would be denuclearized. The Russians meanwhile were neutral at best, but would ally with China if given the Chance and attempt to gain concessions from the United States in other regions as a gamble for Korea, like in Europe. The Kim Dynasty giving up their power was the main Northern hurdle, while the South Korean feared economic hardship and problems. But with North Korean attacks on South Korean ships, missile testing and aggression at the border, even their closest allies, the Chinese were increasingly fed up with them. The Americans therefore attempted a change from within and started working closely with China and Russia, offering American Force withdrawal and Neutralizing of Korea in exchange for no Korean nuclear weapons and a guarantee of Korean Independence from foreign aggression by all neighboring powers involved. Radio and television broadcasts even with smuggled goods and news was limited, as North Koreans spotted in using such devices outside the Higher-up Party Chains quickly ended up in Concentration Camps and Penal Labor Prisons. But with North Korea increasing tensions in the region and neither China, Russia, Japan and America interested in destabilizing the region. Direct War, or a nuclear strike against North Korea was therefore out of the question. Some therefore suggested assassination of the Leading North Korean Kim-family and other government and military leadership, but there was also fear of North Korean retaliation to show strength if not all of them were taken out along with many military assets alike. A military build-up therefore might endanger South Korea and Japan, the main bases for a possible invasion or military strike against North Korea and even then many of the North Korean military weapons were hidden in underground bunkers to ensure no spy satellite would realize what truly was going on.

The South Korean Capital Seoul was also in weapons range of the enemy, four to eight months fighting, and overall about half a million deaths in such a war meant another opinion needed to be considered, especially as China would step in as a military united Korea would directly threaten them. Not only that a war would lead to millions of North Koreans refugees into China, something China would not like. Therefore China needed to be in on every decision and action for a Reunification of Korea to eliminate the North Korean treat, as id made up for over 90% of North Korean imports and experts, without it’s aid, the Northern Regime would collapse for good. North Korea’s Regime was not to last and this meant that a Refugee Crisis and American Forces on the Chinese border might come either way. Therefore the Americans took Chinese interests and fears into consideration, agreed to the stationing of more Chinese troops at the North Korean Border and even an internal Korean Chinese Buffer Zone should the North Korean Regime Collapse to ensure China would have the means to control and refugee crisis, like it had happened in Europe after the Wars and Civil Wars in North Africa and the Middle East because of the War on Terror. The Americans also offered that in such a chase, American forces would never leave South Korea, guaranteeing that they would not station any forces in the North at all and even withdraw assets from South Korea once the Chinese would have withdrawn their northern forces as well. But as the Kim family believed only nuclear powers would guarantee his regime survival, sanctions only would hurt the North Korean people, as the military spending needed to be kept up. One attempt therefore was Kim to be replaced by a puppet leader, with the most likely candidate being Kim Jong Nam, half-brother of the dictator, but he was secretly assassinated in 2017. Border smuggling, airdropped information, radios dropped and even smuggled small televisions, aided by massive government funding by the Untied States and South Korea, to increase information spread, aided by big cooperation tech companies soon lead to an increased sharing of information's in North Korea lead to a growing knowledge of it’s people about their true situation.

At the same time the Americans started project Money Bomb with the South Koreans, the massive dropping of North Korea with counterfeit North Korean Won, raining down so much false money, that everyone in North Korea suddenly could effort things, increasing service costs and decreasing more and more of the North Korean Won itself. The supply and demand balance was out of any backing power to stabilize the regime and the government alike and North Korea had no idea what to do, even attempting to burn to much money and to get out their own new notes, that were quickly counterfeit too by the South Koreans and Americans. The demand for more stable currencies, like the Euro, the Dollar or the Chinese Yuan grew. This way North Korea came depending on foreign banks and trade, while North Korean international income like selling coal, weapons and even slave labor of it’s own people in China and Russia, as well as interests rates from Chinese Banks, which were soon heavily restricted and stopped nearly completely. The wealthy and powerful, in both the party and military attempted to gain financial wealth back in foreign lands, but there their assets would soon be frozen and sanctioned, as long as the Kim regime would stay in power and oppress it’s own people. The North Korean Government was nearly crippled and heavily weakened, while parts of it’s military and civilian population rose up against it after a “accident” had killed of Kim and most of his family, a inside job of some of North Koreans other leadership that had realize the current situation could not be helped as long as they were around. The Americans would honor their promise to the Chinese, not avoiding a Chinese Intervention, by not sending forces to aid this North Korean Rebels themselves. They would however send advisers and weapons and some volunteers, the majority of them South Korean would interfere on side of the North Korean Rebels as well, helping greatly in their victory, while America and South Korea did everything in cooperation with the Chinese and Russians to ensure the conflict would not spill over their borders, into Korean minority inhabited regions, or lead to a refugee crisis across said borders.

While a North Korean Civil War and armed Uprising was not the original plan, instead a overthrow of the regime with a more pro-American, pro-Western and pro-Unification one the Americans and South Koreans, as well as the Chinese and Russians acted quickly to preserve their security along the North Korean Border without to direct military interference, meaning that the North Korean Civil War raged on for a few years. However with increasing South Korean support, volunteers and aid, the more moderate factions liberal and democratic North Koreans won the conflict over time and prepared a provisional North Korean Government elected by it’s people, that would implement economic and judicial reforms to make North Korea slowly but steady more like South Korea in terms of how the government, the legal system, the military and even the culture worked. It was a time of slow changes and adaptation, but over time an economic and military defense union as a first step towards unification was proposed. The political integration was the hardest, as newly elected parties in the North would gain new seats in the unified government in the South equal to their percentage votes of the total combined population, while Southern representative seats were also recalculated with the Unified Korean percentages of the population in mind. Some of this parties would merge and some of these politicians would switch parties, but a few mainly northern and southern Parties would remain, like the Social Liberal Democratic Party, the Conservative, Anti-communist People’s Power Party, the Social Democratic Justice Party, the liberal conservative People Party, the Social Liberal Open Democraic Party, the Universal Basic Income Party, the pragmatist Transition Korea Party or other minor ones. New ones like the liberal United Korean Party, the social Farmers and Workers Party, especially popular in the North, the Inter-Korean Unification Party, the Korean Economic Party, the Korean Repulic Party, the United Christian Party (with Christianity being one of the major growing religions in former atheist North Korea), the Korean Solidarity Party, the Labor Party, the Future Party and a few medium ones becoming the most influential Korean Parties. Elected North Korean Leaders would upon Reunification often continue their positions as overall elections would slowly adjusted to be on the same dates and under the same standards. Some of these early North Korean Politicians would even go on and become leaders of parties or life-long elected members of a Unified and partly neutral and demilitarized, non-nuclear United Korean Confederation (UKC).
 
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