TL-191 Uniform, weapons and equipment of the Secondary Combatants.

So after some discussion, it occurred to me that the Spanish Civil War has the potential to draw in many foreign volunteers and equipment from other countries. Despite Turtledove stating that the war is between Monarchists (supported half-heartedly by Germany) and Nationalists (supported greatly by Britain and France), the potential for secondary factions to rise up is still very high, with a few of them possibly acting independently, not aided to either the Monarchists or the Nationalists. Alfonso XIII was not a popular king and it doesn’t seem like the Nationalists are led by Franco either.

Volunteers from foreign countries are also still likely to flood in, bringing their own equipment.
 
Flags and Symbols of the Factions of the Spanish Civil War (1): 1936-1939

Alfonsist-Monarchist Faction
:

Kingdom.png


^^^ --- Kingdom of Spain - Bourbon Restoration Period (1874-1939) - Flag of the Kingdom of Spain under Alfonso XIII, supported by Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Vatican.

Monarchist.png


^^^ --- Preservación Española (Spanish Preservation) - Flag of the PE far-right political party and later paramilitary group, advocating for protection of the Alfonsist Monachy

Nationalist Faction:

Nationalist.png


^^^ --- Falange Española de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista (Spanish Phalanx of the Councils of the National Syndicalist Offensive) - Flag of the FE de los JONS far-right political party and later the primary nationalist faction of the civil war, supported by France, Britain, Russia, Mexico and the Confederate States of America.

Carlist-Monarchist Faction:

Carlist.png


^^^ --- Comunion Tradicionalista, Requeté, or the Carlist Movement - Flag of the Carlists.

Socialist-Marxist-Leninist-Lincolnist Faction:

Socialist.png


^^^ --- Frente Popular (Popular Front) - Flag of the combined Socialist factions fighting in Spain.

Republic.png


^^^ --- República Socialista Española (Spanish Socialist Reublic) - Flag of the socialist movement that sought to make Spain a "red" republic.
 
German Light Cruisers of the Second Great War (Part 1)

ger_cr69.gif


Kolberg class Light Cruiser (1925-1927)

Specifications (following 1932 refit)
Weight: 7,700 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 7,300 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 65mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 6x 88mm AA guns (3x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 4x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (2x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
SMS KolbergKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 12, 1921May 23, 1923April 17, 1925August 6, 1946Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1947.
SMS ElbingAG Vulcan, StettinJuly 27, 1921August 20, 1923November 11, 1925Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS HeidelbergKaiserliche-Werft KielAugust 7, 1921May 23, 1924January 15, 1926July 22, 1946Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1947
SMS KolmarAG Weser, BremenSeptember 2, 1921June 10, 1924March 19, 1926Sunk by naval mines off Heligoland, September 7, 1943.
SMS StettinAG Weser, BremenSeptember 9, 1921July 2, 1924May 2, 1926August 19, 1944Damaged by air attack, June 1944. Scrapped in Bremen, 1944-1945.
SMS KönigsbergHowaldtswerke, KielDecember 8, 1921January 7, 1925October 15, 1927March 29, 1956Test ship, 1947. Scrapped in Bremen, 1958.

Hollenberg class Cruiser.gif

Berlin class Light Cruiser (1928-1929)

Specifications (following 1939 refit)
Weight: 8,250 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 5,400 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 65mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 6x 88mm AA guns (3x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Fate​
SMS BerlinKaiserliche-Werft KielNovember 14, 1924August 2, 1926July 28, 1928Damaged by German bombers in the Baltic, September 1941. Scuttled the following day.
SMS DarmstadtBlohm & Voss, HamburgDecember 3, 1924November 4, 1926September 28, 1928Sunk by Australian warships in the Indian Ocean, November 1941.
SMS AugsburgKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 28, 1925October 18, 1927October 8, 1929Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
Ersatz GraudenzAG Vulcan, StettinReordered as an Essen class Cruiser.

Koleinstadt class Cruiser.gif

Essen class Light Cruiser (1932-1935)

Specifications (following 1939 refit)
Weight: 8,900 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 5,400 nautical miles
Speed: 31 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 50mm
  • Main Deck: 25mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
  • Barbettes: 80mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 8x 88mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
Essen Subclass​
SMS EssenKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 30, 1930October 27, 1931September 5, 1932April, 1948Scrapped in Bremen, 1949-1950.
SMS BreslauKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 11, 1930December 6, 1931November 2, 1932Sunk by HMS Ashanti near Narvik, January 24, 1943.
SMS HamburgKaiserliche-Werft KielMay 7, 1930January 9, 1932December 28, 1932Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS MünchenHowaldtswerke, KielJuly 9, 1930February 26, 1932March 17, 1933Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS BremenAG Vulcan, StettinSeptember 30, 1930May 9, 1932June 6, 1933April, 1948.Scrapped in Bremen, 1951.
SMS GraudenzHowaldtswerke, KielJuly 1, 1930February 4, 1932April 3, 1933April, 1948.Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1950.
Lüttich Subclass​
SMS LüttichAG Vulcan, StettinFebruary 2, 1933July 30, 1934June 19, 1935April, 1948.Sold to Chile, 1952. BU in Australia, 1977.
SMS DanzigHowaldtswerke, KielMarch 10, 1933September 14, 1934August 29, 1935Sunk during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, July 1941.
SMS RegensburgAG Vulcan, StettinFebruary 11, 1933August 19, 1934July 1, 1935April 1948.Scrapped in Bremen, 1951.
SMS StuttgartKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 9, 1933November 2, 1934October 24, 1935Sunk by British Aircraft in the Indian Ocean, March 1942.

Koeslin.gif

Köslin class Light Cruiser (1938-1949)

Specifications (As originally completed)
Weight: 16,600 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 3x geared steam turbines
Range: 9,100 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Sensors: FuMO 22 Radar
Aviation Capacity: 3 Arado Ar196 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 80mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 80mm
  • Turrets: 120mm
  • Conning Tower: 150mm
  • Barbettes: 80mm
Armament:
  • 12x 6 in guns (4x3)
  • 12x 88mm AA guns (6x2)
  • 12x 37mm AA guns (6x2)
  • 10x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
SMS KöslinKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 5, 1935January 19, 1937April 9, 1938August 4, 1964Scrapped in Bremen, 1970.
SMS MainzKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 22, 1935February 26, 1937June 11, 1938June 16, 1962Scrapped in Troon, 1969.
SMS FrankfurtHowaldtswerke, KielSeptember 19, 1935March 18, 1936September 27, 1938Sunk by British destroyers near Trondheim, March 1943.
SMS KoblenzSchichau-Werke, DanzigDecember 2, 1935May 5, 1937February 24, 1939December, 1965Scrapped in Cherbourg, 1967.
SMS AachenSchichau-Werke, DanzigDecember 19, 1935July 4, 1937April 12, 1939May, 1964Scrapped in Blyth, 1968.
SMS StralsundBlohm & Voss, HamburgMarch 2, 1936April 21, 1938January 7, 1940December, 1965Scrapped in Cherbourg, 1968.
Additional ships in class completed after the war (1945-1949): Berlin, Emden, Marienburg, Breslau, Kolmar, Metz, Strassburg, and Stuttgart.
 
German Light Cruisers of the Second Great War (Part 1)

View attachment 659304

Kolberg class Light Cruiser (1925-1927)

Specifications (following 1932 refit)
Weight: 7,700 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 7,300 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 65mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 6x 88mm AA guns (3x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 4x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (2x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
SMS KolbergKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 12, 1921May 23, 1923April 17, 1925August 6, 1946Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1947.
SMS ElbingAG Vulcan, StettinJuly 27, 1921August 20, 1923November 11, 1925Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS HeidelbergKaiserliche-Werft KielAugust 7, 1921May 23, 1924January 15, 1926July 22, 1946Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1947
SMS KolmarAG Weser, BremenSeptember 2, 1921June 10, 1924March 19, 1926Sunk by naval mines off Heligoland, September 7, 1943.
SMS StettinAG Weser, BremenSeptember 9, 1921July 2, 1924May 2, 1926August 19, 1944Damaged by air attack, June 1944. Scrapped in Bremen, 1944-1945.
SMS KönigsbergHowaldtswerke, KielDecember 8, 1921January 7, 1925October 15, 1927March 29, 1956Test ship, 1947. Scrapped in Bremen, 1958.

View attachment 659312
Berlin class Light Cruiser (1928-1929)

Specifications (following 1939 refit)
Weight: 8,250 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 5,400 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 65mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 6x 88mm AA guns (3x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Fate​
SMS BerlinKaiserliche-Werft KielNovember 14, 1924August 2, 1926July 28, 1928Damaged by German bombers in the Baltic, September 1941. Scuttled the following day.
SMS DarmstadtBlohm & Voss, HamburgDecember 3, 1924November 4, 1926September 28, 1928Sunk by Australian warships in the Indian Ocean, November 1941.
SMS AugsburgKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 28, 1925October 18, 1927October 8, 1929Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
Ersatz GraudenzAG Vulcan, StettinReordered as an Essen class Cruiser.

View attachment 659324
Essen class Light Cruiser (1932-1935)

Specifications (following 1939 refit)
Weight: 8,900 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 2x geared steam turbines
Range: 5,400 nautical miles
Speed: 31 knots
Aviation Capacity: 2 Heinkel He 60 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 50mm
  • Main Deck: 25mm
  • Bulkheads: 70mm
  • Turrets: 30mm
  • Conning Tower: 100mm
  • Barbettes: 80mm
Armament:
  • 9x 6 in guns (3x3)
  • 8x 88mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 37mm AA guns (4x2)
  • 8x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
  • 120 naval mines
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
Essen Subclass​
SMS EssenKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 30, 1930October 27, 1931September 5, 1932April, 1948Scrapped in Bremen, 1949-1950.
SMS BreslauKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 11, 1930December 6, 1931November 2, 1932Sunk by HMS Ashanti near Narvik, January 24, 1943.
SMS HamburgKaiserliche-Werft KielMay 7, 1930January 9, 1932December 28, 1932Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS MünchenHowaldtswerke, KielJuly 9, 1930February 26, 1932March 17, 1933Sunk during the Battle of the North Sea, September 1942.
SMS BremenAG Vulcan, StettinSeptember 30, 1930May 9, 1932June 6, 1933April, 1948.Scrapped in Bremen, 1951.
SMS GraudenzHowaldtswerke, KielJuly 1, 1930February 4, 1932April 3, 1933April, 1948.Scrapped in Konigsberg, 1950.
Lüttich Subclass​
SMS LüttichAG Vulcan, StettinFebruary 2, 1933July 30, 1934June 19, 1935April, 1948.Sold to Chile, 1952. BU in Australia, 1977.
SMS DanzigHowaldtswerke, KielMarch 10, 1933September 14, 1934August 29, 1935Sunk during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, July 1941.
SMS RegensburgAG Vulcan, StettinFebruary 11, 1933August 19, 1934July 1, 1935April 1948.Scrapped in Bremen, 1951.
SMS StuttgartKaiserliche-Werft KielApril 9, 1933November 2, 1934October 24, 1935Sunk by British Aircraft in the Indian Ocean, March 1942.

View attachment 659364
Köslin class Light Cruiser (1938-1949)

Specifications (As originally completed)
Weight: 16,600 long tons fully loaded
Propulsion: 3x geared steam turbines
Range: 9,100 nautical miles
Speed: 32 knots
Sensors: FuMO 22 Radar
Aviation Capacity: 3 Arado Ar196 Floatplanes, 1 catapult
Armor:
  • Belt: 80mm
  • Main Deck: 40mm
  • Bulkheads: 80mm
  • Turrets: 120mm
  • Conning Tower: 150mm
  • Barbettes: 80mm
Armament:
  • 12x 6 in guns (4x3)
  • 12x 88mm AA guns (6x2)
  • 12x 37mm AA guns (6x2)
  • 10x 20mm AA guns
  • 6x 533mm torpedo tubes (4x3)
Ship​
Builder​
Laid Down​
Launched​
Commissioned​
Decommissioned​
Fate​
SMS KöslinKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 5, 1935January 19, 1937April 9, 1938August 4, 1964Scrapped in Bremen, 1970.
SMS MainzKaiserliche Werft, WilhelmshavenJune 22, 1935February 26, 1937June 11, 1938June 16, 1962Scrapped in Troon, 1969.
SMS FrankfurtHowaldtswerke, KielSeptember 19, 1935March 18, 1936September 27, 1938Sunk by British destroyers near Trondheim, March 1943.
SMS KoblenzSchichau-Werke, DanzigDecember 2, 1935May 5, 1937February 24, 1939December, 1965Scrapped in Cherbourg, 1967.
SMS AachenSchichau-Werke, DanzigDecember 19, 1935July 4, 1937April 12, 1939May, 1964Scrapped in Blyth, 1968.
SMS StralsundBlohm & Voss, HamburgMarch 2, 1936April 21, 1938January 7, 1940December, 1965Scrapped in Cherbourg, 1968.
Additional ships in class completed after the war (1945-1949): Berlin, Emden, Marienburg, Breslau, Kolmar, Metz, Strassburg, and Stuttgart.
Nice work. I’m guessing the Köslin Class here is similar to the Admiral Hipper Class OTL.
 
Faction Air Force Insignia of the Spanish Civil War: 1936-1939

Kingdom of Spain - Alfonsist Faction - Spanish Air Force, Ejercito del Aire:


With with domestic aircraft and foreign lead-lease primarily from Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany, the Spanish Air Force had a variety of planes to use. Some of the most well-recognized models that saw service with the SAF were the Italian Fiat CR.32 and the German BF-109E-3. These aircraft helped to ensure that the SAF remained a potent adversary in the air, when in the hands of competently trained and experienced pilots.

1623726480807.png

^^^ --- Spanish Air Force Roundel (1913-1939). It styled after the national cockade, with the colors of the Spanish flag.

Kingdom Flash Fin.png

^^^ --- Spanish Air Force tail-fin flash (1920-1939)

Nationalist Faction - National Air Force, Aviacion Nacional:

Relying almost entirely on foreign suppliers from Great Britain, France, the Russian Empire, the Mexican Empire, and the Confederate States of America, the Aviacion Nacional had a plethora foreign models in service throughout the civil war. Some of its most notable and well recognized aircraft included the British Hawker Fury, the Russian Polikarpov I-16, and the Confederate BD F-33 Bobcat and Mule diver bomber, better known the "Asskicker". They also made use of captured aircraft, with Fiat CR.32s and BF-109s seeing service in their squadrons.

1623727223267.png

^^^ --- First roundel of the Aviacion Nacional. This roundel was used throughout the war in Spain, but was more commonly seen on aircraft toward the beginning of the civil war.

1623727162250.png

^^^--- Second alternative roundel of the Aviacion Nacional. Along side the first roundel, this one was used by squadrons since the beginning of the war. Use of this varied widely from unit to unit.

1623727364602.png

^^^ --- Third alternative roundel of the Aviacion National. This was the final roundel adopted by the Nationalists and was initally commonly seen on aircraft operated by foreign pilots. In the immediate aftermath of the war, this roundel was adopted by the new government until a suitable alternative could be found.

1623727594420.png

^^^ --- Tail-fin flash of the Aviacion Nacional

Carlist Faction - Homeland Squadron, Escuadrilla de la Patria, Escuadra Carlista:

Carlist forces in Spain had to make do with largely captured equipment from both the Nationalists and Alfonsists. The number of aircraft operated by the faction was small, only bolstered when the Carlists agreed to a temporary alliance with the Alfonsists in 1938. As such, the aircraft operated by this faction varied wildly. Captured aircraft like the British Hawker Fury, French Dewoitine D.371, German BF-109s, and Italian Fiat CR.32s made up a majority of their available aircraft.

1623727936035.png

^^^ --- First Carlist roundel (1936-1939). It is a simplified version of the Cross of Burgundy, the flag adopted by the Carlist movement in Spain.

Carlist Roundel 2.png

^^^ --- Second alternative Carlist Roundel. This version of the Esquadrilla's roundel, usually painted on a white background proved to be very popular and instantly recognizable

Carlist Fin Flash 2.png

^^^ --- Escuadra Carlista tail-fin flash (1936-1939)
 
Carlist BF-109F 3.png

^^^ --- An example of a BF-109E-3 from the the Escuardilla de la Patria, the Carlist Air Force, ca. 1938. Although a simplified Cross of Burgundy was the typical roundel of the Escuardilla , a far more popular and recognizable symbol among Carlist pilots was the "Sacred Heart of Jesus" roundel. Roughly 40 BF-109E-3s were operated by the Carlists in the latter stages of the Spanish Civil War, either captured from the Nationalists or given over by the Alfonsists as part of their new "alliance". Although their pilots were highly motivated and brave, with some achieving ace status, they were too few in numbers to turn the tide. By 1938, it was only a matter of time before the Nationalists would win the war.

(My first ever real edit. Its not very good. If anyone is up for remaking this one, I would be personally very grateful.)
 
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