For clarification, this thread is intended to generate discussion on specific time periods framed within Harry Turtledove's TL-191 "Southern Victory" series, in which the Confederate States of America win the Civil War and become their own nation.
A rather curious and interesting case in TL-191, the Kingdom Italy declared a state of neutrality in both Great Wars during the course of the books. Despite technically being a member of the Central Powers, therefore allying itself with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the United States, Italy's neutrality allowed it to avoid war with the Entente in 1914, sparing it from the horrors of that war. Even the Entente in this timeline could not convince Italy to join their fight against the Central Powers.
Again, in 1941, as the world plunged itself into the Second Great War, Italy once again declared its neutrality, again sparing the nation from the blood-bath the world descended into despite its lean toward the Central Powers and possible courtship by the Entente.
In this timeline, as in out own, Italy also had a small colonial empire in Africa. Throwing its hat into either faction could have netted it some valuable land for it exploit - but at the potential cost of thousands of lives and the death of its small colonial empire. Perhaps it was gamble too great to take - or perhaps a gamble they were unable to go through with.
So many questions spin around the decisions of Italy to stay neutral in both wars. The leaders of the Kingdom clearly had their reasons - the real question is why?
That's what this thread for TL-191 is for - Italy. Why was Italy neutral in both wars? How did they remain that way, how were they able to ensure their neutrality? How were they able to not be convinced by the Entente in both wars to join their side? Why didn't they join the Central Powers?
But really, just talk about Italy in this timeline in general - talk about its army, its empire, its politics, its foreign policy, its culture and society. Just talk about Italy in TL-191.
* - Idea suggested by Allochronian