Prologue: The Arab Conquest of Rum and its aftermath
Prologue: The Arab Conquest Of Rum and its aftermath
The Arab Conquest of the Ruman Empire or the Rhomaion as the Greeks called it was a landmark event in History in 96 AH* . Within less than century , The Arab Muslims had conquered both the Sassanid Persian and The Rhoman Empire . After capturing Constantinople in 96 AH*, The Umayyad Moved to destroy the Rhoman Remnants and had conquered the whole of Anatolia by 97 AH* and advanced to take Crete and most of Southern Greece and the Aegean while the rest fell to Bulgars and Slavs. Despite this , Rhoman Polities survived in Italy , Sicily and Sardinia, only to be conquered during an expedition during 104-106* and had marked the Alps as the Border between the Christian and Islamic World , though Venice remained Independent.
Despite the Conquests, the Caliphate went into a steep decline under the reign of Marwan III, losing the Maghreb to the Berber Revolt except the Tunisian coast , Loss of Gaul and Northern Italy to The Franks and the Threat of the Bulgars. These events eventually lead to his deposition in 150* AH, by Al Mansur, who established the Abbasid Caliphate and founded the Capital City of Baghdad . The Abbasid Dynasty started with the Loss of Ifriqya , Al Andalus and Italy . Ifriqya and Al Andalus was taken over by Fihirids , only for them to be deposed in both areas by Berbers and Abd Al Rahman respectively. Italy meanwhile was taken over by Al Aghlab , who went on to solidify his rule in Italy , coopting the Italo Lombard Lords to a great deal, establishing the Emirate of Lumbardi . Despite these losses , The Abassids were a formidable force and had retaken Ifriqya from the Berbers and had conquered Thessalonica , though Greece remained under the Constant threat of the Bulgars and Slavs .
The Abbasid Period marked a period of Cultural Harmony and prosperity. Many Greek Works had been translated to Arabic and many Greco Roman Concepts integrated with the Islamic World . Hellenic Culture was beginning to revive itself albeit with an Islamic face. A Similar phenomenon was observed in Persia , Italy and the Berber States. It was also marked by the Conversion of the Bulgars to Islam in 223 AH*. However the Central authority of Abbasids weakened and it had lost lost Ifriqya to the Akkids . It had also lost the Eastern Territories to the Persian Qarninids and Balkhids and had lost Egypt to the Turkic Tulunids. Anatolia came under the rule of the Armenian Bagratids in the eastern and the Armenian Highlands, the Arab Abbarids in Most of Central Anatolia and the Shia Faroukids in Thrace , including Constantinople and Bithynia and most of the Aegean and Attika and the Peloponnese, while the rest of Greece is under the Bulgars and was an Intermittent Warzone . All this contributed to the eventual formation of Greek identity and the first Hellenic Dynasty in the Islamic World.
* Calendar starts from 622. Keep in mind it is not the Islamic Calendar but rather a secular one that starts from the Hijra( similar to the Gregorian Calendar in Russia)
104- 106: 726 -728
150 : 720
223 : 845
I would use the Gregorian Calendar from now onwards.
Also the PoD is 717- 718 , while the TL mostly starts from the late 800s. I want to give an overview of the world in that period and a map before going through with my First Chapter.
Also i Will be reusing some dynastic names like the Tulunids. But they are different but similar.