The Road To Willa Cather Landing: GPUR General Election 2012

The Beginning

Great Plains United Republic

Motto: "From many working hands, a single united people."
Anthem: "Flowing Plains Forever" written by Prince Rogers Nelson, 1985
Capital: Omaha, Nebraska GPUR
Largest City: Minneapolis, Minnesota GPUR
Official Languages: None
National Languages: English, Lakota, Consolidated Sequoyah
Demonym: Plainsmen, Plainswomen, Great Plainsian
Nicknames: Cropdusters, Flatlanders
National Structure/Government: National Parliamentary Unicameral Legislature with President as head of state. The national is divided into 8 states, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas,Oklahoma

Executive Branch: President as head of state directly elected to a 4-year term. NO TERM LIMIT.

Legislative Branch: 405-member National Unicameral. 203 members elected by "first past the post" direct-election system. 202 members elected via proportional representation determined by total votes of parties getting at least 3.5% of the votes in national elections. Elected to 4-year terms. NO TERM LIMIT

Judicial Branch: 9-member GPUR Supreme Court. Each member subjected to electoral review every 8 years.

Independence: March 1, 1935
Fully Recognized: January 1, 1936
GPUR Constitution Ratified: March 1, 1936

Population: 24,431,259 (2012 estimates)
Demographic Breakdown: White/European decent 59%, Indigenous North Americans 20%, African Decended 12%, Hispanic 6%, Asian-Pacific Islander 3%

Measurement Standard: Metric used for all international trade. Imperial for everything else.

Heads of State:
1936-1949 George Norris. (Prairie Progressive Conservatives)
1949-1961 Harold Stassen. (Prairie Progressive Conservatives)
1961-1973 Hubert Humphrey (Progressive-Farmer-Labor)
1973-1977 George McGovern (Lease Lobby)
1977-1985 Robert Dole. (Prairie Progressive Conservatives)
1985-1993 Walter Mondale (Progressive-Farmer-Labor)
1993-2001 Bob Kerrey (Progressive-Farmer-Labor)
2001-2009 Frank Keating (Prairie Progressive Conservatives)
2009- J.C. Watts (Prairie Progressive Conservatives)

Key Dates of Campaign 2012:
Monday September 3, 2012 -- Labor Day/Official Start of Campaign/Manifesto Announcement by the National Parties.
Under the National Election Disclosure Law of 1944, all parties running a Presidential Candidate and National Unicameral candidates in at least 75% of the nation's electoral district must publish a campaign manifesto statement of priorities of at least 20 pages in length. The political organization and/or party must publicly announce that manifesto and make the announcement available to all national media outlets.

The campaigns made this disclosure pretty much like a mini-political convention , full of great political theatre.

Where will the candidates announce their manifesto?

PPC – Watts-Thune University of Oklahoma …. Norman, Oklahoma
PFL – Selbius-Culver University of Kansas…Lawrence, Kansas
PAP – Largent-Kenney University of Tulsa…Tulsa, Oklahoma
LEASE – Wellstone-Stringer Minnesota State Capitol… St. Paul, Minnesota
GSCP – Mankiller-LeMere Lakota International Center…Rapid City, South Dakota

GPUR Election Laws:

The GPUR has a stringent set of laws pertaining to elections. The most important pertain to the length and advertising of campaigns.
In keeping with traditions forged as a part of the United States of America. Elections are still held on the first Tuesday in November, but Election Day is a national bank holiday to encourge turnout.

Also, The Official Election Season Law (1963) sets the campaign timelime. All campaigns for elective office shall have no more than a 65-day period. No political electioneering or advertising is allowed at any time BEFORE that period starts.

For example: On Monday September 3, 2012. Every candidate in the fall campaign to begin advertising, campaigning, etc."

The other part of this law is the " Ad Blackout" No political advertising can be during the final week prior to the election. This year's Ad Blackout date is October 30th. Beginning 12:01am October 31. No advertising can be done. Candidates can make appearances and be on television news programs. They cannot run ads sponsored by their campaigns or surrogate organizations.

There's also the Presidential Debates Law of 1981. This stipulates that during a Presidential Campaign there must a debate scheduled weekly during the campaign and that there must be a debate in every state in the Great Plains United Republics. The Debates can last 60-90 minutes in length and the topics for each are decided 7 days prior to the event.

This year's schedules are as follows:
Wednesday September 12, 2012
Great Plains Airlines Dome – St. Louis, Missouri

Wednesday September 19, 2012
Gallagher-Iba Arena/Oklahoma A&M University – Stillwater, Oklahoma

Wednesday September 26, 2012
Sunflower Energy Center – Salina, Kansas

Thursday September 27, 2012
Vice Presidential Debate
Grinnell Auditorium/Grinnell College -- Grinnell, Iowa

Wednesday October 3, 2012
SCSU Convocation Center/St. Cloud State University -- St. Cloud, Minnesota

Wednesday October 10, 2012
Amana Colonies Convention Center – Amana, Iowa

Tuesday October 16, 2012
Vice Presidential Debate
Sioux Highlands University -- New Cheyenne, North Dakota

Wednesday October 17, 2012
Pine Ridge Convention Hall – Pine Ridge, South Dakota

Wednesday October 24, 2012
Daktronics Fargodome – Fargo, North Dakota

Tuesday October 30, 2012
Vice Presidential Debate
University Auditorium/George Washington Carver University -- Joplin, Missouri

Thursday November 1, 2012
Marlin Briscoe Fieldhouse/Omaha University – Omaha, Nebraska

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Author Notes

Since we're headed towards an election in the United States, and since there was the fun "Alternative Political Parties" thread...I decided to make a mini-TL ( in "It'll have an end soon or at least a definitive break point.").

Ahead is an election campaign in 2012...A different 2012.

A 2012 where North America is patchwork of nations. Some prosperous. Some not so prosperous. In a world that is just as uncertain and interesting as our own.

In the next few post, we will be setting up the multipolar world. It's a world were World War I was the "end of all wars", but wasn't end of war.

Its a world that still had an atomic age, a space race...and Steve Jobs invented the UniNet, although Al Gore did take a little credit.

It had a few Vietnams, and Ayotollahs....and Love Canals and Chernobyls.

It's a wild, wooly world that has old rivalries renewed, new feuds festering...and new alliances.

There are no superpowers...Yet more nations could lay claim to the title.

Its also a world where Nazism and Apartheid ended early. Castro often had lunch with MLK. Malcolm became a lawyer. Underground Railroads chugged along....and North Americans learned to hate the word "Relegation".

A short history of the Great Plains United Republic can be found at this link

Next post: The State of the World...September 2012.
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Ohhhh! Me likey, me likey!

I missed that first post, but I'll be following this one.

One request: any way you could make Grinnell college a real rival to Harvard?
Catherverse History up to 1 September 2012
Hey Professor. What is the world like.

So what is the world like? Well, it doesn't take a Grinnell Scholar to realize that the world is complex, but it does take one to wade through the maze of our world in 2012.

EUROPE -- An engima, wrapped in a puzzle, wrapped in riddle.

The European Common Market resembles a Middle East Bazaar sometimes. A lot of haggling and strategy. But within the European continent, which saw a major foreign war followed by a civil war, a group of strong states emerged.

Great Britain
The UK under the Churchill-Chamberlain coalition defeated Nazi Germany and then turned around and won the peace by brokering the end of Der Deutschkreig The 1943-1946 German Civil War (think OTL 1993-1994 Yugoslavia...minus the ethnic cleansing)

Britain then worked on decolonialization. The Beaverbrook Plan replaced British colonial rule with a massive set of financial aid towards building independent nations in the British Commonwealth. The results most of those nations have done well. India, the Trucial Arabian Republic and Caribbean Commonwealth are solid examples.
The movement accelerated with the election of Enoch Powell as Prime Minister in 1961. He explained the theory best in his 1968 "Rivers of Sweat Speech"

With the rivers of our sweat we shall make due our committment to our former colonies. I shan't be satisfied till I have seen them all settled overseas. Settled in civil societies. Settled of the prevention of a in this country in 15 or 20 years' time of the black man having the whip hand over the white man."

The European Common Market may be based in Brussels, but its heart and sinew lies in London. Even in the economic downturn of the last three years, the Pound is sound. Even through what has seemed to be a constant swap of 10 Downing Street since 1997 (Labour and Conservatives alternated control of Westminister through General Elections in 1997, 2000, 2004, and finally in the dual elections of 2007), the British society has taken a leading role in Europe and in terms of technology, innovation and security a leading role in the world.

Political Stability has also been key. After sweeping to power in the second balloting of 2007, Conservative PM Michael Portillo showed the metal to finish a full term, and just this past July, earn reelection.

The French Republic wobbled early in the economic strife as well, but whereas the British turned the right, the French went left. No surprise there. Britain and France have been "friendly enemies" for perhaps 400 years.

The rivalry nearly turned white hot in the 1960s as trade disagreements between Charles De Gaulle and Enoch Powell nearly ignited a shooting war across The Channel.

The French have used a mix of capitalist confidence and a strong socialist safety net to build one of the most livable and advanced countries in the world. Georges Pompidou's project to upgrade French industry built France space program and created the world's first SST (Concorde -- Entered full service in 1973..and year ahead of the British VC-11H, the Scandinavian Lasse 111, and the Californian B-2707)
Francois Mitterand spent the 80s reviving the French social safety net, education and health care.

Today the next step forward comes in the form of current President Bernard Tapie, who has reenergized French business. Among the 20 largest corporations in the world 5 are French. And France is aggressively selling their TGV High Speed Rail System to a world in need of railroad. SNCF, the French national railroad is in negotiations to build the TGV's for China, Texas, The Great Plains Republic. and the Republic of the Rockies. Only Nippon Hanshin Rail can compete at that level .

"I like Germany so much, I'm glad there are three of them."
After the sudden fall of the "1000 year reich" in 1942, Germany became three separate nations after a brutal, three-year civil war.

The Federal Republic of Germany -- Mainly northern and central Germany with its capital at Bonn
The Eastern German Republic -- Eastern lander including its capital Berlin
The Southern German Union -- Bavaria, Austria and the former Sudetenland..It's capital is Vienna.

Each country has built technical society with a pretty high living standard (Mainly from Swiss and IRNA financed rebuilding. The Germanies have a strong working relationship with Switzerland, the Industrial Republic of North America and Argentina.)

Hi-Tech Manufacturing is huge in the three nations. The FRG is home of a lot of precision manufacturing including Agfa and Zeiss optics. Two of the top firms in the world in imaging and photographic optics...In addition to Zeiss' strong computer operations. Tech industry have been a priority for the FRG from the 1980s era of Chancellor Johannes Rau to the current Chancellor Gerhard Schröder.

The EGR is the home of the powerful Wartburg conglomerate, and where Opel AG reestablish after the Civil War. The nation has also been very keen on attracting foreign investment. Current Chancellor Angela Merkel has done a sales job on the EGR with a combination of incentives and building the best education system among the Germanies, and that's saying something.
The EGR is also the home of the computers giant Commodore. Commodore's newest machine, die Marianne is a serious user-friendly competitior to the new generation personal computers from Apple, Sayers, Texas Instruments, Digital-Computervision, Olivetti, and Sony

The SGU is known for its special industry. "The Cradle Of The Autobahn". High speed Porsches, Audi and BMWs come off the assembly lines. In addition to being the home of Messerschimidt MBB, a world leader in personal aviation and currently in a battle for sales among the emerging wealthy business class for personal jets against Hawker-Siddley, Ceesna, Texas Lear, Shenyang, Sukhoi and Scania Avionik.

Whereas the EGR and FRG are ran by technocrats, the SGU is ran by a technocrat with a certain passion. Businessman and former Grand Prix Champion Niki Lauda is in his second term as SGU Chancellor, and according to a recent Economist poll, Lauda is most trusted Chancellor among the three German nations.

Next: Some of the have-nots, and a very big have....and I mean big. :)
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The World Today -- Continued

The Common Market Crisis of 2012

A number of factors led to what is been called "The Economics Systems Error of 2009". Rampant overspeculation of agricultural and mineral markets. The sharp production downturn initiated by OPEC. The housing bubble in the IRNA and Western Europe. The technologies bubble in California, Japan, and the China Free Republic. Political unrest in emerging markets like the Malayan Union, Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa.

Every piece of the world economy felt the pinch, but a number of poorer states felt an ugly squeeze. The Confederate States fell into economic chaos, so did a lot of small Asian and South American states. The situations in the Congo, Sudan and Senegal reach the height of civil war amid past hopes for peace.

In Europe, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain each broke under the stress and each have openly fought the Common Market's calls for austerity by forming what was termed, "The Debtor's Cartel." Each ones continued economic and now social unrest has European capitals alarmed.

Greece recently installed a nationalist right-wing government who said they will institute their own austerity program without greater ECM assistance. But the Market nations are considering armed involvement because of the Hellas National Front's xenophobic policies. Greek military forces have effected what the termed the "policy of ejection" towards racial minorities in the country. Turkey has invaded areas along its border in an effort to protect their country.

Similar situations are happening elsewhere. Daily protest have rocked Italy to the point where new elections have been called for October. Analysts say its a dead heat between extremes. The extreme left, led by Italian People's Front, and party leader Ciccolina Stoller. The extreme right led by the Forza Italia Coalition and their charismatic leader Luca di Montezemolo, who is leading the country as part of an emergency governing council after the conviction of Silvio Berlusconi.

Spain is dealing with a vote that could break up the country. A referendum is on the ballot in Catalonia. The Catalan dream of independence could be at hand.

Scandinavian Union: Europe's North Star

"Our light is bright in Oslo. Shines in the Stockholm sky.
Brightens Helsinki's darkness, and held in Tallinn high
In Riga and Vilnius, let our people proclaim.
We are Scandinvia...A world shall know our name."

Aurora Borealis (The Song of the SU) by Abba (1982)

The nations of Scandinavia have either been united or in conflict for centuries...That began to change in 1949 when Sweden, Norway and Finland signed the Helsinki Compact which organized the three countries into a common economic and political union.

Estonia, adrift since the 1941 breakup of the Soviet Union, and citing their close relationship with the Finnish people pettitoned to join the Helsinki Compact. Their wish was granted in 1951, and in 1952 both Latvia and Lithuania pettitoned to join. Each was concerned about the situation in Russia and the Ukraine.

By 1954, the six states joined into one political union and called themselves the Scandinavian Union

The Union was tested quickly. In 1957 the Union of Soviet Socialist Russia attempted to reacquire what they deemed "Their Baltic territories". Stunningly, the Scandinavian forces defeated Soviet Russia in what has been dubbed "The Estonian Conflict"

Since 1957, there has been an uneasy peace between Scandinavia and Russia, and a lot of respect between Scandinavia and Continental Europe.

Scandinavia has a considerable influence, especially in Eastern Europe. They have a trade and defense pact with Poland. Forged trade deals with the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Serbia and Croatia. Since joining the European Common Market, after the end of the Trade War (1963-1966..The closest thing our timeline has gotten to a Second World War), the Scandinavian Union has been an economic and moral counterweight to the Franco-British footprint on the Market.

The Russian Subcontinent

The Soviet Union was born in revolution in 1917. It died in revolution in 1942 as the competing socialist blocs never could come to accommodation. The purges of Stalin clashed with the renewed calls for a people's democracy by Trotsky and Molotov, and in the middle was the technocracy, largely composed of Russian Jews long persecuted, but unbowed. A series of civil wars broke out between 1936-1942, all while much of Europe was embroiled in the tense struggle with Nazi Germany. At the same time, the economic convulsions that shocked the world since 1929 were still shocking the world.

The Soviet Union's dissolution led to two Russian States. European Russia changed its name to the Union of Soviet Socialist Russia, with Vlacheslav Molotov and General Secretary and a return to the idea of socialism in one country.

The other was the Trans-Siberian Russian Republic, who pursued a markedly different market socialism and a staunch anti-Stalinism. They were also very distrusting of Molotov, who Siberians saw as a stooge for Stalin.

This center dissolved further as Southern Russia broke away in protest of USSR trade policies in 1964. The South Russia Republic was economically threatened and at odds for 22 years. The leadership of South Russia president Mikhail Gorbachev led to the 1986, One Russia Agreement which reunited to two Russias into a common USSR. Gorbachev assumed the General Secretary position in 1988 and ushered in an era of stability. His policies of glasnost ended decades of tension of with Scandinavia and Western Europe. Perestroika rebuilt a Russian economy plagued with official conflict and corruption.

Unfortunately, those who wished to turn back the clock found Gorbachev's medicine as too stern, too against their belief in what the USSR should be. Gorbachev was forced from office in a stunning election defeat (that many scholars later say was a fixed vote) led by national Attorney General Vladimir Putin. Young aggressive, Putin sought a reemergence of the USSR security state of the 1970s, but the Russian people weren't buying it and neither were neighboring countries such as Georgia, Armenia, the Central Asian Republic or the growing central Asian tiger Kazakhstan.

Putin was thrown out in a no-confidence vote in 2001, but what has ensued since is a period of political instability that has affects the region as a whole. The instability led an improbable election in 2010 and the return of Vladimir Putin, but he has to contend with a Congress of People's Deputy where the opposition Glasnost Social Concern is the majority, and many Russians are dismayed at a trade alliance with the miltarist neo-Stalinist Confederate States.

Since we mentioned Asia..What about Asia.

Asia is a continent of Blocs.

There's the Japan-Korea bloc. The two nations, highly industrialized and bastions of technology are friendly rivals in the manner of Britain and France.

There's the Chinese bloc. With the Chinese civil war ending in stale mate. We have a strange map.

People's Republic of China -- Inland China to Mongolia, bordered by India and Tibet to the West and Korea to the East.

Chinese Free Republic -- Coastal China, the South China Sea Island, Hong Kong.

Tibet -- Tibet is free, and aligned with the CFR. The PRC used low yield nuclear weapons in Tibet during the Trade War in protest of Tibetan forces massing on the border. The short nuclear exchange cost China a city (Wu-han) after they were bombed by allied forces led by California and Australia. The tragic exchange was the only time in history nuclear weapons have been used, and it led to the 1968 Cairns Convention. The first treaty designed to limit nuclear weapons production and testing.

Then there is the Australia-Malayan Bloc.

Australia-New Zealand Federation
ANZF acts in Asia much like Scandinavia does in Europe. The strong silent partner that curries a lot of influence.

Australia greatest influence is in what has been dubbed the "Field Hockey Treaty Organization". Australia, the Malayan Union, India, Pakistan, Singapore City-State East Timor, and Vietnam (although Vietnam has a close relationship with France as well)

Malayan Union: The Asian Tiger
The Malaysia-Indonesia conflicts of the 1960s made the people of both countries weary, amid the bluster a secret group of business leaders, politicians clerics and technocrats on both side had been meeting for year under the cover of the rhetoric of trade war and shooting war.

The result was a simultaneous, popular front-style coup in both countries in 1971 that led to the creation of a common Malayan Union by 1973.

(TV3 Kuala Lumpur political commentator Dale Mahadzir Lokman wrote an excellent book on these meetings and the popular front in a book called Kopassus Group U. It was an Economist Best Seller in 2004)

The Malayan Union today is among the nations of the world seen as "the next sensations". Growing countries and economies readying to take their places in the world. Along with resurging Hungary, Brazil, Argentina, Kenya and Ethiopia...

And how about those last two? They, along with South Africa are leading an Africa with a lot of promise..and strength

Africa. A wide gap, but a promising future.

Africa has seen turmoil since the colonial powers began to pull out in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s...But the strongest nations were ready.

The Kingdom of Ethiopia and Haile Selassie built a working partnership with the Southern German Union, Hungary and successors have expanded those partnerships to include a trade agreement with the Scandinavian Union.
Ethiopia today known as "Africa's Stockholm District" a place of commerce.

Not to be outdone is neighboring Kenya, which has developed their own economic rivalry with Ethiopia that has benefitted both nations. Kenya has also developed a fast, tough efficient military structure which has made the nation a key component of peacekeeping efforts in Congo, Liberia, Angola, Chad and the Sudan.

To the the northwest is oil rich Nigeria. The nation on paper should be the best economy on continent, but ethnic strife and official corruption have stymied the nation.

The industrial power is to the South. The Republic of South Africa was in chaos and turmoil in the 1960s amid apartheid and the backlash of armed struggle by the African National Congress.

However an international effort led by Cuba, Brazil, the Scandinavian Union, California, the Great Plains Republic and Australia led both sides to the negotiating table in 1976. Apartheid began to unravel.

In 1985 P.W. Botha, Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu signed the final agreements that effectively dismantled the apartheid state during a series summitt agreements in Grinnell, Iowa GPUR. The Grinnell College Agreements led to free elections in 1987, which were won by a ANC-led National Unity Concertation. Nelson Mandela was elected President with F.W. de Clerc as Vice President.

The Middle East
The Middle East, the world cradle of the Islamic faith is also known for its energy.
Oil. Black Gold. The Middle East's oil producers are largely stable, even with the protests of hard-line Islamic clerics seeking Sharia Law states.
What keep them in line is a mix of respect and prosperity. During the period of European decolonialization, peace and understanding were brokered by the departing powers. The results were partition where necessary (Iraq and Democratic Kurdistan), and non-interference in other instances (Iran -- which has an efficient power-sharing structure between socialist reformers, business-minded wonks and the Ayatollahs).

The results have been an economically stable region in the 1950s through the 1970s..But a different foreign power have some Arab states the tense. The growing relationships between the oil states of the Middle East and investor and government of the North American Republic of Texas.
The first alliance between Texas and the Middle East was forged in a business partnership between members of the Saudi Arabian royal family in the energy development industry in the 1950s and a young group of Texas energy engineers who were studying the Saudi finds led by an ambitious engineer/businessman named George Herbert Walker Bush. Bush much like the Saudis was soon to be royalty. This young former Texas Air Ranger, was fated to be a patriarch of an iconic family of Texas wealth, and political power, in addition to being a future President of the Lone Star Republic of Texas.

The influence of Texas has reached deep into the Middle East, beginning with the admission of Texas into the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in 1982 (much to the disapproval of some of the more hard-line islamic/Arab nationalist states such as Syria and Iraq and to the objection of the Malayan Union and the African oil states).

The Middle East is prosperous, but nervous about the shift of some of its frontline nations to the influence of the western world, an influence that looks to some as neocolonial.

Latin America/Carribean

Latin America in many way is quad-polar in scope.

The smaller nations of Central America are in the throes of disagreement between those factions who seek an alliance with the Chavista-Cuban-Carribean axis, which is seen as more democratic, and the Tex-Mex neoliberal axis which as seen as a guardian of prosperity.

Mexico, led by President Felipe Calderon, is seen by some as owned by Austin. And in some Calderon would agree. Calderon is unabashly pro-Texas and as a strong partnership with the gringos of the Lone Star Republic. Its a partnership that has aided Mexican business, but its hacked off Mexico's poor and working classes.

Then there is Cuba. The socialist state of Fidel Castro gave way in part to greater political freedoms early in the 1960s. With the defection of Confederate dissidents like Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy, Castro and Cuba were forced to look at their own racial and human right policies. Which led to a radical easing of political restrictions in the 1970s and free elections beginning in 1981.

Today, young energetic Cuban President Marco Rubio seeks to combine a non-compromise committment to the poor and human rights with continuing Cuba's economic rise. Rubio is also committed to protecting Cuba and its Carribean and Latin American allies states against the hostile Confederate States of America.

In South America, both schools contend as well. Hugo Chavez leads an oil-rich Venezuela that is openly anti-Texas and anti-CSA. Brazil and Lula da Silva play the Scandinavian power broker/peacemaker role. Michele Bachelet has democratic Chile on a similar path. Charismatic and egoistic Diego Armando Maradona leads a growing Argentina, which has one of the world most dynamic economies.

And finally...North America
North America...The former United States and the former Canada. The sleepy Atlantic Maritime States. Fiercely independent Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire.

The British-Style New England Commonwealth, ably led by Prime Minister Lincoln Chafee. A high-tech, bank and financial center, heavily allied with the Britain, which is needed to offset their neighbor.

The Industrial Republic of North America is a regional superpower. Stretching from New York City to the Mississippi River, The IRNA encompasses the financial and industrial muscle of the former USA. But the state is a divided one, between the slick, money-manging Eastern Corridor, and the conservative industrial frontier. IRNA politics are divided between the Industrial Republican party, the Constitutional Democratic party, the Worker's Union, and the Galtist League. The current President, Rudolph Giuliani seeks to expand the IRNA sphere of influence in the world economically and militarily and that is making neighbors tense.

The Republics of Quebec, and Prime Minister Jean Charest has sought accommodation with the IRNA, and that hope may get him booted out of office in elections to come later in September.

Across the Hull bridge in Ottawa, Republic of Ontario PM Jack Layton has told Washington "BEHAVE". But a lot of muscle to back that up well have to come from other nations that look at him in a suspicious light because you are never sure which Jack Layton you are talking to. The pragmatic Jack Layton or the more leftist radical Jack Layton?.

The republics of Saskatchewan and Manitoba both have a critical referendum coming up on September 29. Will they stay is independent nations, join in a common union or apply to admission into the Great Plains United Republic as member states? Their decision will affect the election campaign in the GPUR to the south.

And just south of the GPUR is the Lone Star Republic of Texas. Once a place of cattle. It is now a center of finance, energy, technology and it has the armed muscle to defend itself. It is a nation of 32 million people proud to the point of arrogance by some people's estimation. Texas seeks to meet the challenge of the IRNA head on, and its building the allies to do it worldwide. Texas, under the aggressive, shrewd leadership of its first female President, Condoleeza Rice-Hill, has made a few enemies. Dissidents in the Middle East and Central America, and the apartheid leadership of the CSA. But President Rice-Hill is unfazed. A protege of George H.W. Bush, the President who took Texas from minor state to world power in a generation, the woman called "The Steel Magnolia" has a gleam of destiny in her brown eyes.

The Rocky Mountain Republic is mineral rich and panoramic views, and it also will pick a new leader in a few weeks. Its elections are slated for early October. The incumbent Prime Minister Ken Salazar faces a tough three way challenge with former PM Richard Lamm, now leading a new Galtist-type party and Alberta conservative premier Stephen Harper.

Then there is Utah. One of the few theocratic states in the world. But don't let the Mormonism throw you. Utah isn't insular when it comes to trade or world assistance. The blue and white planes of Utah are known worldwide for disaster response. Led by respected President John Huntsman, the Mormon Republic of Utah is a world citizen.

Next to Utah, two very different states. The Southwest Confederation is mainly Native American, Hispanic, white and is a nice tourist destination. The nation elected its first non-white prime minister earlier this year.

Nevada -- A wild, tourist state dominated by entertainment and Las Vegas gambling. And that hacks off Utah. But Nevada President Steve Wynn doesn't listen. What happens in Nevada, stays in Nevada.

Greater California -- The BIG Kahuna in North America, but don't tell Texas or the IRNA that. California is an open, social libertarian, high-tech economics country of 70 million and the gateway to Asia. California's sphere of influence stretched across the Pacific to independent Hawaii, to a successful, but sometime sticky trade agreements with Japan, Korea and both Chinas. California is a power player in Asia, and wants to use that influence to offset Texas in the middle East and be a bigger part of Europe. In terms of military power California is building a capability to project global power, much like the IRNA does and Texas is seeking to do.
At the same time California likes to see itself similar to Scandinavia, strong enough to protect its interests, but at the same time broker respect in many capitals, even among adversaries. In North America, California is stridently pro-self determination among smaller nations. A stark contrast to the border agitation of the IRNA towards its neighbors. And there's current President...Jerry Brown, who has been elected President-thrown out of office, and then brought back, at least once in three of the last four decades, and himself the son of a former President of Greater California.

to be continued
Next: The Confederate States of America. Sweet Home, North Korea.
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What happened to make Japanese-Korean relations friendly?
"Friendly" in that they aren't shooting at each other.

For Japan it was a mix of the depression, to cost of empire and the fall of the Tokyo-Rome-Berlin Axis, because most of the world too unstable internally to go out and effectively fight war, which really put a crimp in Imperial Japan.

Hirohito gave way in the late 1940s to change in foreign policy and emphasis, and much of Asia in the 1950s was in the process of self-determination. The racial chauvinism of Imperial Japan wasn't gonna fly, and the business-minded in Japan grudgingly understood it.

The focus changed from military might to trade might with a strong military to back it up, along with building allies in the "world of the Gaijin", which led Japan to a strategic partnership with California that has paid dividends for both.

Korea and Japan have a rivalry more do to pride than the past now. Korea has built a strong industrial society in a larger more populous country because No Dear Leader. No North Korea. No division. No DMZ. No Hawkeye and Trapper John. ;)

Right now fast and furious kids are having drift competitions in Hyundai Genesis Coupes on a Saturday night in Pyongyang.

And Pyongyang is quite a fun town, let me tell you. For starters, check out the traffic control ladies on the main streets. They are kinda hot. ;)
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The Beginning: The CSA vs. GPUR
The World Today -- North America's linked black sheep.

The story of North America after the Depression tells how North America grew into a group of separate distinct political and social identities. Many of those identities sprang out of the actions two nations forever joined in common birth and conflict.

The story began with cannons fired in hate at Fort Sumpter, South Carolina in 1861. The American Civil War (1861-1865) was the birth and death of the Confederate States of America.

Who knew the Great Depression would bring a strange rebirth of hostility from a lifetime ago.

Each of the southern states of the former USA meandered through the late 1930s. Each state trying to rebuild from the economic chaos and the social chaos of the assassination of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

The assassination plot was built by an alliance of Northern bankers, industrialist and Southern politicians worried that FDR may extend more rights to black population.
Many of the state west of the Mississippi seceded as the new government tried to maintain order. The New England states were the first bail out. Civil unrest in the major cities held off the elements of the U.S. Army in the east and industrial midwest from taking action against the states of the west. Most military in those state immediately broke ranks from the successor government in Washington and stood with their state militias and later their newly formed governments.

Within a year the Industrial Republic of North America regain control, but at the same time, the Great Plains, the Rockies, and a California-led Pacific bloc formed their own lands.

In the North American South, Texas was the first call to independence, just as they did in 1836. The Lone Star Republic of Texas was forged, and an new Sam Houston's Army was raised.

Among the rest of the old confederacy there was turmoil. Huey Long declared Louisana's sovereignty, but also reached out to Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama to consider a "Democratic Republic of the American South."

Instead a different vision took hold at the dawn of the 1940s. A return to the old ways. Some saw an opportunity for the Confederacy to rise again. Representative gathered Birmingham, Alabama in April 1942 to look into reforming the CSA. After considerable debate, the CSA was reformed over the objections of men such as Cordell Hull and Huey Long. Long pulled out the entire Louisiana delegation, confirming their call to independence. Hull ended up leaving Tennessee towards disputed Kentucky, which would be a major point of contention 20 years later.

The IRNA reindustralized and rearmed in the 1940s, but they were wary of a south that had become heavily armed, if agrarian. The public works projects began under FDR were continued by the individual states and then strengthed by the organized temporary governing committee of the CSA from 1943-1946. In the summer '46, the CSA would call for elections under the recently fully ratified Constitution of the Confederate States, and part of that Consitution was fully codified oppression. Blacks in the CSA became "residents", denied citizenship.

A number of blacks fled the nation, moving North towards the IRNA, or west towards the GPUR or California, or into Canada. The IRNA, once welcoming became closed under the Presidency of Robert Taft. Taft was seeking to reunite the USA. The plight of the blacks he saw as not his prime concern.

Many blacks fled for Louisiana, which was tense border since the Louisiana formally declared independence in 1944. A candidate for President in 1947, vowed to bring Louisiana back to the fold...and bring in Texas as well.

That leader would built a cult of personality that would have made Hitler or Stalin envious.

That leader was Strom Thurmond.

Strom Thurmond won the first President Election in the new CSA in 1947 vowing to built a CSA that would never be vanquished again. Upon taking the office he immediately federalize the various Klan organizations and state militias. The bulk of the manpower that had kept old regime safe through the Spanish-American War and The Great War was now mobilized to began a campaign to secure the South.

The IRNA was tense, but had its own problems.

What the CSA didn't count on was how Thurmond's overture toward bringing Texas back to the fold was opposed strongly. Texas President Sam Rayburn sent a strong message with a platoon of Texas Rangers deployed in Louisiana. Texas wasn't interested.

The concern over an armed CSA lead Louisiana and Texas into a deal. Louisiana would join up with Texas as a single nation. A Lone Star Republic of Texas.

In 1948, a war between the southern state looked imminent, until May 1, 1948.

President Strom Thurmond was the target of a desperate black sharecropper with an old rifle. The assassin failed and was executed, but it was first act of black terrorism formented by a number of small cells of armed black rebel from Virginia to Arkansas.

The response of the Confederate government in Richmond was a violent Czarist-style pogrom on blacks. What ensued was a guerilla war that raged for over a decade, and protest that rang out across North America, including in the IRNA.

The reports of oppression and genocide in the CSA was condemned throughout the world once the stories got out. The British government was among the first to exact economic sanctions as did the smaller nations of North America. The IRNA was more concerned about the rapid militarization of the CSA. The Confederate States from 1947 through the 1960s had sent a number diplomatic attaches into the German states. The purpose, finding former Nazi officials and Nazi planners in hiding and bringing them to the CSA to help plan industry and spur technological development. With and IRNA trying to recover from civil unrest, economic restructuring and rebuilding a lot of key industry, much of the north had to look the other way.

But the Great Plains Republic didn't. Black protests in the GPUR swelled in 1954, led by the efforts of a lawyer in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm Little, the President of Plains Association for Negro Rights (PANR), organized mass demonstrations in largest cities of the GPUR. The marches galvanized blacks, native americans and progressive whites into a coalition. Voices that finally got a hearing at Willa Cather Landing.
In 1955, President Harold Stassen, opposition Unicameral leader Harry Truman and GPUR Defense Council Chairman Gen. Dwight Eisenhower came together on a plan to help stop the genocide in the CSA and protect the GPUR borders with the nation. The legislative effort was the 1955 Confederate Negro Asylum Act. The military portion was Operation Briar Patch. Briar Patch involved GPUR troops stationed at fixed points along the the border between GPUR Oklahoma and CSA Arkansas. Any blacks trying to escape would receive GPUR military cover against any pursing CSA forces.

The CSA hissed at the GPUR. 1956 saw a number of border skermishes.
The conflict stepped up in 1957. A series of coordinated air attacks against Oklahoma City Wichita and Tulsa. GPUR in turn bombed military targets in Arkansas. On May 17, 1957, The 11tH Arkansas Expeditionary Group invaded Oklahoma, and clashed with GPUR forces led by the 4th Oklahoma Cherokee Militia.
For the second time in nearly a century, North American soil was soaked in blood.

The attacks got the interest of the Republic of Greater California, and the Canadian Confederation. Both nations sent supplies and arms to the GPUR through 1958. In 1959, California President Pat Brown crossed the rubicon. California troops landed at Tinker Army Air Base, Oklahoma.

IRNA troops also took station along the border at the insistence of President Henry Cabot Lodge. The more racially moderate regime in Washington drew their line in the sand, while the IRNA's United Nations ambassador Adlai Stevenson looked to gain worldwide support to help ease tensions.

The UN stepped in the fray in June 1960. It was the first application of the newly formed United Nations Peacekeeping Forces. President Thurmond, facing an alliance of nations and now agitation from an anti-confederate alliance of the Carribean led by a Fidel Castro-led Cuba. Thurmond backed down, for the moment.

The Island of Cuba would be a thorn in the Confederates side, and the IRNA's side. Castro was building a socialist alliance in Latin America which worried the security-minded capitalist IRNA. But Castro who early on supported a Stalinist suppression of rights was being advised by a cabal of black advisors who had fled repression in the CSA and the IRNA.

"Los Consulores Negros": Martin Luther King, the head of the political arm of the Southern Christian Liberty Conference. Ralph Abernathy, one of King's staunchest Lieutenants, AND Bayard Rustin, a young socialist analyst and architect of the political and armed struggle in the CSA.

Under the advice of Los Consulores, Castro made a number of changes to Cuban racial policy and Cuban human rights policy. Communist repression gave way to political and press freedoms centered around the common struggle for human dignity. That change set the stage for reform and conflict seen in the Americas today.

The 1960s saw the CSA announce reforms of their state to avoid further standoffs. The regime relaxed some forms of state-sponsored Jim Crow, in part to help the CSA buy trust from the UN observers and the IRNA, and also to buy time. The CSA and their foreign acquisitions of the Nazi age had radically built up the CSA's industrial capability. Texas was noticing the changes, and they didn't like it.

In February 1963, a Texas Ranger in service of the Security Directorate of the Republic of Texas reported massive activity and coded transmissions near a facility at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Six months later at an uncharted island in the Atlantic. North America saw a nightmare blooming like a mushroom.

The Confederate States of America had built and tested a nuclear bomb, joining Britain, France, People's Republic of China, the Industrial Republic of North America, Soviet Russia and Greater California, who had testing their first nuclear device just two months before.

Texas was considering downgrading their nuclear weapons research. The mushroom cloud was the issue of the 1964 elections, it was the issue that swept reform candidate Lyndon Baines Johnson into power.

Using the same justification that India and China used to incite the Asian Trade War, the CSA used dismay over negotiations concerning CSA offshore oil claims with Texas to invade Louisiana and Texas on April 16, 1965. Texas counterattacked and using a new fleet of supersonic bombers and fighters took aim at military targets in the CSA, including a crown jewel. The center of the CSA budding defense industry. The Alabama Rocket Works at Huntsville.

The nuclear age was maybe 10 years old when such bombs were used against an adversary. The shocking events of August 2-August 10, 1966 when Red China used nuclear weapons in Tibet and a coastal city Chinese Free Republic, and in turn received a nuclear response from a joint Australian-Californian force. The nuclear exchange ended three year-old Trade War and led to a number of treaties to limit nuclear arms production and proliferation. The 1968 Cairns Convention on Nuclear Armaments was signed by just about every likely nuclear power...except the Confederate States. The Thurmond regime was openly threatening to use such weapons.

California immediately sent the word to the Confederate Government now at the new national Capitol in Atlanta.

It will be the policy of the Republic of Greater California that any nuclear weapon used by the Confederate States against any nation in North America will invite a retaliatory nuclear committment by the Republic of Greater California.-- President Edmund G. Brown, Republic of Greater California. General Curtis E. LeMay, California Strategic Nuclear Forces. 15 December 1968
In 1969, Japan and Texas acquired nuclear weapons, both nations tested them underground, and both nations signed the Cairns Convention.

1969 for the CSA and the IRNA was a year of change. The first shots where fired after the Trade Wars died down. Johnson followed the lead of California, Great Plains and the Rockies. The Texas formally opened the door to blacks wanting to defect, but also implored in the CSA to change their policies and for the IRNA to take a look hard at a more moderate racial line.

North America was changing. The peace movement was gaining momentum throughout the North America and around the globe. The picture of the nuclear devastation on the Chinese subcontinent was sobering.

The growing peace movement was going global the and it began to affect the politics of North America. For the first time ever since the depression a party other than a tradition major party won seats in the IRNA Congress in 1970. A fledging group of women's activists, peace activists and black activists dubbed "The Alliance to Restore the American Republic" won 27 seats in the House and 6 Senate seats. The hopes for the 1972 elections lived in an a massive war protest vote in the aftermath of the 1970-1971 Border Conflict between the IRNA and the GPUR. Pro-peace candidates Nelson Rockefeller and George McGovern became heads of state in two nations that were warring a year prior to the vote.

Texas also saw a turn to peace as the Lone Star Republic accepted racial reform and began to spread it wings as a nation of the world, because of its growing oil wealth and industrial strength. Yet a voice in the Texas Senate, a businessman from Houston was saying, "We have to push harder and make our mark. It is time for the Lone Star to shine and be at the front of a new world order." In 1978, that voice, George Herbert Walker Bush, became the President of the Lone Star Republic, and Texas rose from a regional nation, to a global power player.

The Popular Culture was changing. The constant war planning and suspicion of each other was the grist for comedians and pundits. The television networks of California, now beaming their shows nationwide, even through the jamming of the CSA and the censorship of the sensitive IRNA , were shaping public opinion.

Biting satire like "The Pat Paulsen News Hour" and "The Smothers Brothers", and "Pryor and Bruce's Laugh In" drew large audiences across the continent.

The new North American woman of 1970s was socially conscious, aware and opinionated, and surprisingly the best example of this on TV weren't done in California. "Wendy: Texas Ranger" (Angie Dickenson plays Texas Ranger Wendy Royal, who foils crooks and Confederate Spies) was produced by Schramm Productions of Texas. "Mary Scoop" (Mary Tyler Moore as an ambitious television news reporter in Minneapolis-St. Paul) was a longtime hit for Great Plains Broadcasting Corporation.

And some the biggest calls for change came in the sporting arena. The baseball Major Leagues of the IRNA, considered the best in world at the time, finally ended the barring the black and latin players in 1967. Although the first division leagues of California lifted such bans when they renewed play in 1945. The Great Plains leagues organized in 1951 did immediate, and the Tex-Mex league did in 1954. The National Basketball Association in the IRNA also ended restrictions on black players formally in 1957.

But football grew to be the popular sport in the period after the Trade War. Always a staple of life in the 1930s, 40s and 50s in the midwest. Football became prime entertainment rivalry movies, television and popular music. The Pro Southeastern Conference, The Texas Football League Championship Flight, Plains Football Association First Division and the California-based Pacific Continental League were all organized in the 1940s by barnstormers. By 1967, they had grown from sandlots to stadiums even through international turmoil.

The Chairman of the Texas League, Lamar Hunt, received a report from an operative of his business working in the Confederate States in 1964. In addition to underground popular front among blacks, was underground football leagues, played in secret, and those league had players with talent that could change the way the game is played. Hunt and the other owners of the Texas League decided they wanted to have the best football on the continent. At the same time, two Californians, PCL Commissioner Al Davis and Golden State Television PR man Pete Rozelle put together a plan get the best talent in the CSA to move west, and paid special attention to the black players toiling on lower division clubs in the IRNA, due to the racial policies of the team owners and the society at large.

What all three did was spark a social revolution that still burns today.

The owners of the Southeast Conference also got wind of these underground leagues, and in turn began using these players, they were cheap labor..much like the growing cheap labor you were seeing from IRNA-based companies with political pull being allowed to build factories and make goods in the CSA..

The treatment of the working class began to cause protest in the south. Young white men began to question the constant risk of being injured or killed agitating on the borders of Tennessee or Arkansas. University students were protesting more cuts in school funding to pay for more weapons and seeing their friends and classmates being pulled from school to become border guards.

The class striations were causing friction, and boiled in the mind of a superstar with a conscience.

The year was 1970. In the south it was the year of the Ole Miss Miracle. An underdog team from the University of Mississippi beat all the powers of the south and won the Sugar Bowl for the collegiate championship of the Confederate States. The team was led by star quarterback Archie Manning. In 1971, Manning's rights were claimed by the Atlanta Rebels, but Manning didn't go to Atlanta. He made good on a promise he made to himself.

Manning defected to the Lone Star Republic, and ended up playing for the New Orleans Saints. He won 3 championships in his career and spoke out for human rights in the CSA, even at risk to his life. To this day in the Confederate States, Archie Manning is still subject to penalties on sedition and treasons charges in CSA. His conviction was confirmed in absentia on September 11, 1971. The penalty is death should he ever set foot in the CSA, or even if he doesn't. His current activities in operating the "Underground Railroad", have put a price on his head.

Manning's defection hurt one of the last pieces of social pride in the CSA and it led to more student protests and an open renewal of the black protest movement and the armed struggle.

A weary Strom Thurmond stepped down for health reasons in 1975. Under the 1943 Constitution a special committee must appoint a successor.
Hardline Foreign Minister Jesse Helms was given the nod, but reformers hoped that he would be pushed aside in the 1977 elections.

Instead the Confederate Democrats nakedly fixed the vote between Helms and Radical Liberal Reform candidate James Earl Carter Jr.

The fix was in, despite the calls of UN election observers that the election was invalid. Helms won. Carter protested, and Helms imprisoned his opponent. Today Carter is still speaking and protesting, under Myammarese-style house arrest in Plains, Georgia.

Helms instituted a State of Emergency. A crackdown on protests, press and the black population. The Helms years (1975-1993) and his successor Trent Lott (1993-1999) were cold cruel and ultimately built the reputation of a pariah nation. Even the attempts at reform by the administration of Lamar Alexander (elected 1999 -thrown out and executed in 2003), led to further retrenchment.

Since 2003, the CSA has continued industrialization and hostile militarization Under President Newton Gingrich, it has tried to look more legitimate. It has struck alliances with the nationalist groups and governments in Europe. The recent surges of right-wing nationalist governments in Spain and Greece and recent trade agreement between the CSA and the USSR have expanded CSA sphere of influenced. They've even managed a detente with Giuliani government in the IRNA, and their antagonistic stance to their neighbors. Yet, even Giuliani tries to keep arms length from the closed, nuclear armed, nation to the south that is even taking an oppressive posture to those considered citizens and not merely "residents"

Many Confederates still look at their land with Southern pride, but they also see cheap labor wages of the Fords and IRNA Steel plants, and now the European and Chinese industrial concerned making products on the back of cheap labor.

They see a world passing them by. They see the UN stats. Poorest nation in North America, with the largest number of people in military arms. They see higher standards of living everywhere else.

"When the Confederate States of America decide to embrace civilization, then we of the civilized world shall embrace them." -- California President Jerry Brown, 1994
"If civilization means miscegenation, we'll pass on Jerry Brown's definition. We are the only true American Christian free nation on this continent and we will not apologize to anybody for being so," -- Confederate President Trent Lott, 1994
So endeth the history lesson... Next: Manifesto Day.

HNN Campaign Watch: Where are the candidates today?

President J.C. Watts was in Norman, Oklahoma today watching the University of Oklahoma's opening football game against Wichita State.Watts is preparing for the PPC Manifesto launch on the OU campus Monday. Vice President John Thune is returning from meetings with officials from Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

PFL candidate Kathleen Sebelius held a town hall at Drake University, the alma mater of running mate Chet Culver.

PAP candidate Steve Largent was in Missouri at a fundraiser in Jefferson City with running mate Bill Kenney.

LEASE candidate Paul Wellstone did a teach-in with running mate C. Vivian Stringer at the University of Iowa followed by attending University of Iowa's opening football and volleyball games.

GSCP Candidate Wilma Mankiller continued her north-south pre manifesto bus tour with a stop at Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas. She will make two campaign stops in Nebraska Sunday enroute to Rapid City, South Dakota for Monday's manifesto launch.
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The National Unicameral


Prairie Progessive Conservative 130
Progessive-Farmer-Labor 115
Plains Action Party 71
Lease Lobby 58
Great Spirit Community Party 22
Sequoyah People's Bloc 3
Plains Democratic Socialist 2
Independents 2
Plains Christian Movement 1
Alliance to Restore the American Republic 1
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What happened to Henry A Wallace ITTL? I'm sure he likely may have gone back to the GPUR and Iowa, as the USA's breakup happened before he moved to Farvue.

Of course, while he mayu have been known for liberal public policy and favoring integration and racial equality ITTL, he's likely to be far more known as an agricultural researcher and expert.
Sons of the Sunflower State

In line with the previous question, there are a couple famous Kansans that I'm questioning

1) Alf Landon: Republican Nominee in 1936 is the Kansas Governor at the POD. Can't see him not being a force in the early stages of the GPUR creation.

2) Dwight Eisenhower: not too sure what his military duties would do to him as the nation falls apart, but if he comes back to Kansas, a military man might figure especially in a Stassen administration. Add to it his brother is President on Kansas State University, Milton Eisenhower may shape policy in education.

3) Jim Ryun and Sam Brownback: Two recent Kansas pols who have some name recognition that somehow got skipped along with others like Pat Roberts, Dan Glickman(former congressman, Sec of Ag, and head of MPAA) and Jerry Moran.

4) while not politicians, I have to ask about Charles and David Koch. Their company is the largest privately held corp in he US IOTL today. Also some other major Kansas businesses like Beechcraft, Learjet, Pizza Hut, Coleman, Benny and Smith(Crayola Crayons), and Russel Stovers. Wichita isn't the World's Air Capitol for nothing.
What happened to Henry A Wallace ITTL?
Henry Agard Wallace is one of the founding members of the Lease Lobby. He was a PFL MU for Adair-Creston-Red Oak, but his stances on rebuilding the farm economy, and human rights ran at odds with more conservative elements of the early PFL who wanted to move the party closer to a pro-business center.

In 1939 Wallace left his MU seat when he announced the he was leaving the PFL to help form a new party dedicated to the aims he agreed with. The Lease Lobby was formed on September 8, 1939, and ran began running a full slate of candidates in the 1940 elections.

Wallace was influencial early on in bringing the female and male caucuses within the party together. He was also influencial in a decision which was hotly debated. He proposed the the early Lobby doesn't run a Presidential candidate and instead put their energies into running and winning as many seats as possible.

Wallace ran for his old seat in 1940 as a candidate of The Lobby and won convincingly, and he wasn't alone. His idea paid off for the Lobby as the Lease Lobby won a surprising 39 seats, including winning at least 1 seat in every state in the GPUR. None of the other parties could make that claim.

Wallace spend his first term fighting for price support for farmers, expanded rights from women, and began the fights for full civil rights protections for blacks. He also pushed George Norris to rebuild a new set of treaties of agreements with the various Native North American tribes. Wallace's infleuence led to the 1943 Great Plains Indian Conference, which began the set of laws of treaties which solidified indigenous peoples in the society of the GPUR, and ended over 60 years of legal genocide and Jim Crow. The GPUR's model has been adopted by many North American states and has been a major centerpiece of the UN Convention On Indigenous Peoples.

In 1944, Wallace was nominated as the Lease Lobby's Presidential candidate despite concerns over his socialistic and communistic ideas and polices. Others were concerned about his stauch pro-civil rights stance (a stance that the other parties began taking as the black population slowly began to increase).

The Henry Wallace-Frank Starkey ticket in 1944 won 15% of the vote, but also saw the Lobby add seats in the national unicameral, but was not a match for the popularity of the conservative PPC's hold on the farm vote in most of the country. However the PFL and the Lobby were competing for the growing urban.

Wallace was returned to the Unicameral by his district in '44, and continued to boldly lead the Lobby through some building success. In 1946, the Lobby elected governors in North Dakota and Minnesota. The Minnesota winner, a young progessive named Eugene McCarthy, would become the next spiritual leader of the lobby in the years to come.

Wallace stood firm against the drum beats for militarism and military alliance to confront the IRNA and the CSA, instead he thought economic pressure should come before military threatening. So accused Wallace of appeasement, but his early calls against what he termed "The Black pogroms of the South" drew black voters, and he actively began recruiting black, native and asian candidates to run for offices nationwide. The first non-white MUs in the history
of each of the 8 states came from the Lobby.

The 1948 campaign wasn't a winner, but the Lobby was making progress. The Lobby carried a state for the the first time, as Wallace won his home state of Iowa.

Wallace would not seek the Presidency in 1952, Instead he ran for governor of Iowa and became Lobby's second state governor. Due to illness he served one term. But his influence continued to spark the rally in the lower plains with the ascendency of leaders such as Nebraska's John Rosenblatt (three-term Lobby Mayor of Omaha, two-term MU representing Omaha Near Southside), and Future Iowa City MU and secretary of defense Nile Kinnick, future Vice President Will Rogers Jr. (elected 1956 MU for Midwest City), and his greatest centerpiece "The Freedom Class of '60 and '64" Those year saw the first black and native MUs elected to office, many of them citing the influence of Wallace, regardless of party.

Another piece of Wallace's influence was the leftward turn of the PFL, and leftward turn by eventually met with the growing urbanization of the nation to yield Hubert Humprey's presidential victory in 1960. But the Lobby ticket of Eugene McCarthy-John Rosenblatt nearly outpolled the PPC slate of Carl Curtis-Francis Case.

Wallace died in 1967 near his boyhood home in Iowa, but his spirit has stayed with the Lobby. Five years after his death, the Lobby rode to their first national victory. George McGovern was a beacon of hope for a country facing the spectre of war and farm collapse. Running on the beliefs Wallace stood on 30 years before, McGovern was the Lobby's first elected President
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In line with the previous question, there are a couple famous Kansans that I'm questioning
Kansas, the GPUR's "battleground state". All the parties have a toe-hold in ths Sunflower State. Kansas is not nearly as conservative as it is IOTL, mainly because the abolitionist, prairie progessive-socialism of the 19th century and early 20th century was hardwired into the state when the USA broke apart.
Today the hard right have harder time, yet the nation's staunchest conservative party has manage to gain some traction (see below).

1) Alf Landon: Republican Nominee in 1936 is the Kansas Governor at the POD. Can't see him not being a force in the early stages of the GPUR creation.
Alf Landon was George Norris' Vice President and the master strategist of the early PPC. Landon was the party's "wartime consigliere". On a contentious issue he'd advise the legislative team in the Unicameral. During the campaign he'd be the liaison to the PPC's Unicameral campaign. Landon was seen the obvious choice to be the parties standard bearer in 1948, but Harold Stassen's popularity and momentum swept him to the nomination. Landon did have a new role in the administration. He was Stassen first secretary of state and negotiated the first trade and defense treaties between the GPUR, Canada, California and Texas.

2) Dwight Eisenhower: not too sure what his military duties would do to him as the nation falls apart, but if he comes back to Kansas, a military man might figure especially in a Stassen administration. Add to it his brother is President on Kansas State University, Milton Eisenhower may shape policy in education.
Eisenhower returned to Kansas when the U.S Army was considered disbanded as the IRNA tried to recompose. When the GPUR raised an Army in 1937, Eisenhower was tapped to be a General. Eisenhower led the GPUR contingent sent to aid the Western European Alliance in their war against Nazi Germany (1940-1942). The GPUR units under Eisenhower fought with distinction. Eisenhower was also instrumental in formulating the GPUR strategy against the border incursions of the IRNA and the CSA in the late 40s Harold Stassen promoted Eisenhower to Defense Council Chairman in 1953 (The rank is equivalent to Chair of Joint Chiefs of Staff in IOTL USA).

Milton Eisenhower ran Kansas State University and created the Eisenhower Achievement Index (The GPUR's version of the SAT)

[QUOTE]3) Jim Ryun and Sam Brownback: Two recent Kansas pols who have some name recognition that somehow got skipped along with others like Pat Roberts, Dan Glickman(former congressman, Sec of Ag, and head of MPAA) and Jerry Moran.[/QUOTE]

Jim Ryun -- Gold Medalist for the GPUR at 1972 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Former Athletics coach at University of Kansas (1982-1994). Elected as a People's Action Party MU for Jefferson County-West Levenworth

Sam Brownback -- PAP MU representing Ottawa Metro-Southflower South

Pat Roberts -- Retired after four terms as a PPC MU for Holton-Jackson County. PAP Legislative Whip (1985-1989)

Dan Glickman -- Two-term PFL MU representing Wichita Southeast Lowlands (1993-2001) after losing seat in 2001, took a position as Dean of the School of Agribusiness Sciences/Wichita State University
Glickman is running as a PFL Candidate for his old seat in 2012

Jerry Moran -- PPC MU representing Rooks-Hays West

Charles and David Koch. Their company is the largest privately held corp in he US IOTL today
They run Koch Dynamics. A defense contractor based in Cincinnati, Ohio IRNA

Wichita isn't the World's Air Capitol for nothing.
Wichita is known as "Flightown, GPUR"

It is home of the world-largest producer of personal and recreational aircraft and one of the largest producers of mid-range commercial aircraft and defense aircraft.

After the breakup of the USA both Cessna and Beechcraft were nationalized by the government to build aircraft for the nation's defense. Those early planes were used in the Anglo-Nazi War (1940-1942), the Illinois-Iowa Border War (1944), and Beechcraft's first jet, the Super Bonanza was used during the 1954 Oklahoma Airlift to prevent a threatened invasion by CSA forces.

In 1957, the companies were privatized. Both continue to supply short and long haul aircraft to the GPUR Air Force. Beechcraft also builds GPUR version of the North American F-20D Tigershark (under license) and recently completed the first assembly run of the F-36 Wingback (think F-22 Raptor IOTL) in cooperation with California-based Grumman.

Both companies are also heavy in the consumer and corporate airplaine business. Cessna planes, especially for farmers in the GPUR are as common as automobiles (oh by the way, Cessna is a technical consultant to International Harvester, now one of the nation's leading automakers in edition to its well-known farm equipments. If you think we're just tractors and combines, then you don't know today's IH.)

Beechcraft is in the middle of the of the growing business jet market. It's biggest competitor in North America used to be down the street in the form of Learjet. However, Learjet founder Bill Lear moved the company to Texas because he disagreed with Hubert Humphrey's business taxation policies. Today the company is known as Texas Lear Corporation.

Pizza Hut,
What started near KSU is still with us. Pizza Hut is one of the largest independent fast food chains in the world. The GPUR has strict laws in regards to merger and acquisition especially when food is concerned. One of the major issues of the campaign is the relaxing of these regulations by the Keating and Watts administrations in response to intense lobbying from firms such as ConAgra and Archer-Daniels-Midland.

Don't they make the best Thermoses and camouflage gear? Coleman is an essential company for the GPUR. The also make the BDUs for the GPUR Forces.

Benny and Smith(Crayola Crayons)
The world's #1 Crayon. Made in the GPUR.

Russell Stovers
Russell Stovers candies helped solve a trade dispute between the GPUR and the Republic of the Rockies in 1987. GPUR President Walter Mondale sent Rockies President Pat Schroeder a compromise proposal and a box of Russell Stovers (Contrary to the urban legend, it was NOT heart-shaped.)

Russell Stovers and Hallmark merged in 2004 to formed RSH Valentine Brands. Two years later, they bought Minnesota-based Wynter's Boudoir (ITTL's Victoria's Secret)

Also still around: Dorothy Lynch, Godfather's Pizza, Runza, Phillips Petroleum (Phillips 66: Official Sponsors of the GPUR Olympic Team), and Conoco
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The Issues and The Candidates

Campaign 2012: The Issues

1. The Economy
The GPUR hasn't been hit as hard as some other industrialized countries by the recent economic downturn, but the GPUR did take a beating. The Minneapolis and Kansas City Merchatile Exchanges are down. Unemployment is up near the 6% mark and the feeling on the farm that with food prices rising, more of the profits have gone to ConAgra, ADM and the speculators than to the farmers.

2. Border Security
With the situation over the status of Kentucky (Western Kentucky looking to secede over the possibility of a pro-Confederate government coming to power there and the IRNA considering annexation. There are concerns that the GPUR could be in a new round of border skermishes in Iowa and Missouri.

3. Defense Spending
Under the Keating and Watts government, defense spending grew 33%, sharp upturn compared to the Mondale and Kerrey administrations who also increased such spending. More ground troops. More conventional equipment and addition, and modernization to the GPUR's nuclear deterrent. Critics site the sharp increases in defense outlays are out of propotion to the role of the nation's forces. Supporters of the defense increases say continued modernization is neccesary given unfriendly neighbors such as the CSA and the IRNA.

4. Foreign Trade
In the last 4 years, the GPUR has signed into trade agreements with Texas and California, and an Ethanol development agreement with Brazil. But some question if the GPUR gets the short end of the deal.

5. Regina and Winnipeg
On September 29th both Saskatchewan and Manitoba, currently independent states will have a referendum on their status, one of the choices is to formally ask for consideration to become part of the GPUR.
It would be a logical fit for the former Canadian prarie provinces. Both are similar in economic and cultural makeup to the GPUR states. Both are solid agricultural producers and the recent finds of oil in both provinces in addition to what both are doing in wind power could add to the GPUR
Critics say integrating two states with a markedly difference approach to governance and social service could cause friction among the populace and could add to the monetary cost to integrate the two provinces.

And there is the cost added to politically define the boundaries for and election and the changes that will need to be made to the National Unicameral.

6. Health Care
Since 2011, the GPUR Health Services, which was begun under President George McGovern, and built through the Robert Dole and Walter Mondale administrations was partially privatized by President Frank Keating beginning in 2006. President J.C. Watts sought to accelerate this privatization, but he's been stymied by a great deal of congress.
Now with concerns over funding and staffing the system needs modernization.

7. Abortion
Since the 1979 Compromise Act, Abortion rights have been left to the individual states. It is only legal in Minnesota and Iowa. The Great Plains Women's Advocacy is calling for the Compromise Act to be repealed in place of Federal Protection allowing for Abortion. The PFL and Lease Lobby support it. The GSCP support only as part of a full universal health care system. The PAP wants the Compromise Act replaced with the Brownback Act to make abortion illlegal nationwide.

Legal Scholars see the Compromise as the legal extension of state's rights clause of the GPUR National Constitution, However other feels that state's right shouldn't apply in cases where constitutional rights can be violated by the states legally, which was argued in Chambers v. state of Nebraska 1974

8. Human Rights
Another issue where the Compromise Act is contentious in the matter of Affirmative Action and Rights of sexual-gender indentified minorities. Both South Dakota and Missouri have stricken affirmative action laws. Oklahoma and Kansas are putting weakening or eliminating these laws on their ballot. The addition of GLBT extensions to Nebraska's anti-discrimination laws are also on the ballot. Measure to confirm the illegality of same-sex marriages are on the ballot in Iowa, South Dakota, Minnesota and Oklahoma.

Supporter of greater GLBT protections and affirmative action say ballot measures are too prone to a denial of rights and that interpreting law is best left to judges. The opposing view is that such electoral view is constitutional and democrats. Others are opposed for the moral questions surrounding both issues.

9. Term Limits
There are no provisions for term limit for any offices. All eight states have the effort on the ballot. And five states are voting on a referendum to consider the 26th Amendment which would mandate term limits for the President, Member of the Unicameral, and the Supreme Court

10. Foreign Relations
Some say the GPUR is too closely tied to many foreign nations, Texas in particular. Critics say the GPUR relationship to states like Texas and California are a threat to national sovereignty and should be curtailed. On the other side of the issue, some say the threat of lack of sovereignty is a wildly invalid fear to quote President Watts "We are a strong nation, why act like a wallflower to the rest of the world?"
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" Today on GBPC 1...Election 2012: Manifesto Day. The parties begin the General Election campaign. GPBC News will have live coverage of each of the national party annoucements starting at 10am Central Summer Time."

And coming on Wednesday night, the return of PFA First Division Football as the defending First Division champion Oklahoma City Drillers and Adrian Peterson take on the Minnesota Vikings and their new quarterback, superstar Peyton Manning. Coverage begins with PFA Game Of The Day at 7 and then kickoff at 8...Only on GPBC, your PFA Network and the official network of North American Champions League.

Coming up next its...Great Plains Sunrise with Clay Matvick and Susan Peters...its 7am Central Summer Time...

(picture cuts to Owen Field/University of Oklahoma)

"You are looking at Owen Field on the campus of the University of Oklahoma and students and residents are filing in. President J.C. Watts will begin his reelection campaign with the PPC Manifesto Launch at the scene of his daring college football exploits."

(picture cuts to the campus green of the University of Kansas)

"This is Lawrence, Kansas, the University of Kansas...and this is were Kathleen Sebelius will begin her campaign as the PFL's standard bearer. "

(picture cuts to Golden Hurricane Promenade at the University of Tulsa)

"Tulsa, Oklahoma is where the PAP will begin their campaign. Oklahoma Governor Steve Largent, the PAP's Presidential Candidate, will announce their manifesto at his alma mater."

(picture cuts to Minnesota State Capitol)

"Just down the street from our GPBC Studios, the Minnesota State Capitol is where the Lease Lobby will start their campaign, led by favorite son Paul Wellstone."

(picture cuts to Lakota International Center -- Rapid City, South Dakota)

"And in Rapid City, the Great Spirit Community Party will open their campaign. Wilma Mankiller as Presidential Candidate."

We'll have all the news on the campaign and more. This is Great Plains Sunrise for September 3, 2012...

4:00pm Central Summer Time. Monday September 3, 2012




-- CLICK --

We are now talking to GPBC political reporter Megan Lightbird, covering the Mankiller campaign. A very strong speech by the MU today, and harsh tones toward the president.

"Wilma Mankiller set the early tone for what will be strident attacks on the President on all sides.. Of course President Watts scheduled to speak a little more than 2 hours from now, but up here in Rapid City, the GSCP sent two messages, one that they are openly seeking a serious departure from the recent past in terms of policy, and that the will run a campaign design to reach beyond just the Indigenous vote."

WILMA MANKILLER: "To change the course of the Great Plains away from the shallow corporatism and indifference if the PPC Keating-Watts regime, it will take a radical departure from politics as usual, and it will involve our party also taking a departure from the past. We are going contest every inch of the Plains. We need all us together. We need all brother and sisters of man. Not just red men, but our white brethren. We need you. Many of you are hurting and seeing your jobs cut. We need black brethren. We have always stood together as communities seeking change. Let's stand together again. We seek the women, we seek the young. We seek GLBT brother and sisters. Together we all can all be the medicine men and women for true progressive change that OUR GPUR needs."

-- click --

We have with us HNN political correspondent Steve Eliott covering the Largent Campaign...and Oklahoma's Governor called this a "call to arms"

STEVE LARGENT: "I don't just ask you join us as voters. This manifesto is a call to duty. A call to resist the go-along to get-along soft conservatism of the Prairie Progessive Sometimes Conservatives. A call to resist Comrade Sebelius and Comrade Wellstone...and also resist Wilma Nation-killer and her cause to break up our proud country. We must resist.

Economically we can resist by taking the shackles off those who are creating jobs and opportunity. We must take the shackles off the producers in our country. And we must not bound God's country in the bonds of the tyranny of those who seeks special rights and agenda that go against our traditions as people of faith.

Our manifesto is clear. Greater freedom to produce. Greater freedom to create. Keeping our nation strong and safe from aggression. Greater outreach to our friends as equals. Greater ability to contain and resist those who wish to us ill. That is our duty to ourselves, our God and our land we love so much."
Manifesto Day 2012...

6:00pm Central Summer Time -- Monday September 3, 2012

Welcome back to Continental Nightly News/Manifesto Day 2012 coverage I'm Tom O'Neal.....We take you live to the Manifesto launch for the Lease Lobby in Minneapolis....Kathleen Sebelius us scheduled to address PFL supporters at the University of Kansas at around 6:40pm Central...President J.C. Watts is scheduled to speak after 7:00pm from Norman, Oklahoma..

PAUL WELLSTONE: "Our plan is concrete. Our first priority is universal health care for all. Instead of trying to reform a system trying to serve two masters, lets join the civilized world in real reform. Broad based universal health care built around efficiency and wellness. Lets take the example of people such as my brilliant running-mate, who was a teacher and a coach. A person who molded young curious minds and healthy bodies together. Let us take the example of some of our distinguished MUs, who are doctors and surgeons.
We will pay for this by rolling back years of needless tax cuts for the few at the expense of programs for the many. Lets shift the emphasis from a defense budget that seeks to build a national offense, and not a real foundation for our forces.
We worry about the economy, and jobs and we should. But the way to build growth isn't by rewarding business for not innovating, and sitting on research and development. I propose tax credits for energy and technology innovation, but also stiffer penalties for those corporation dodging our tax laws and shirking their responsibilities to be productive members of our society.
A Wellstone administration is a worker's administration. We will strengthen the right to collective bargaining. We will strength protections in the workplace. Such policies have been weakened by Prairie Conservatives who decided not to be progressive.
J.C. Watts has been called the nation's quarterback, but he's at the line of scrimmage calling the wrong signals for our country, and working people are being sacked for it!"
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Thanks for the excellent posts on Wallace! (Two questions which I have to ask- did he also continue his agricultural work ITTL? Are Pioneer and Hy-Line still around?)

McDonnell is still in St. Louis, right?

Alas, there's also likely no Civil Air Patrol ITTL, sadly-or is there? (We do have the largest fleet of Cessnas, IOTL.) I can see a CAP forming in the IRNA (Gill Robb Wilson and Fiorello La Guardia are from there). The idea might spread to other areas too. (Failing that, there could be Air Cadets, similar to CAP's Cadet program and/or the OTL UK and Canadian Air Cadets.)

I might not exist in this TL. My dad's side would be in the CSA, while my mom's would be in the IRNA.