The Great South Land : An alternative Scottish Company

Chapter 1 : The Pirate
Chapter I: The Pirate

“The land was fierce, the land seemed to glisten and drip with steam” – William Dampier (A New Voyage Around The World) **1**

October 1687

The English Privateer Cygnet pulled into what would in another time be called King Sound Australia for careening, becoming the first British vessel to visit New Holland (***2***). While the necessary ship maintenance was taking place ship’s Captain John Read decides to explore the interior for any possible wealth and riches, deliberately leaving behind the increasingly malcontent navigator William Dampier….

November 1687

Captain Dampier watched as the silhouette of New Holland disappeared behind the horizon. On arrival had been unhappy navigator, he would leave as the ship’s elected captain. No one could have comprehended erratic and immediate ferocity of the firestorm that engulfed the captain’s coterie, and yet it had yielded a treasure of unfathomable valve. There was no mistaking it, the wood that had burnt Captain Read was sandalwood (***3***) mixed with some other aromatic tree (***4***), and the natives had no comprehension of its value.

He had gained the captaincy by the winds of fate, but the knowledge of an untapped source of sandalwood would be a certainty that would ensure his legacy.

1693-1695

Upon his return to England Dampier would go on to publish the highly influential A New Voyage Around The World in November 1690, a book which would lead to great notoriety both within London society and the admiralty (***5***). This interest had led to a sinecure at customs house and the proposal of an expedition to explore the coast of New Holland, a voyage which would be led by the now celebrated Captain Dampier.

Departing England on October 1693 the fifth rater HMS Lark would pass the Cape of Good Hope before hitting the roaring 40s at ultimately turn north around Dampier’s initial contact point at Cygnet’s Bay (OTL King Sound). Surprisingly the journey went well and the Lark arrived off the coast of New Holland in March 1694. Turning south Dampier was delighted to find a steadily greening country yielding all manner of exotic plants and animals. Eventually the coast headed East, and Lark began to suffer serious supply issues as the passed what would become known as the desolate coast. None the less Dampier pushed on hoping to prove his theory of a separate Australia and New Guinea. Eventually the land became green again as the crew of the Lark began to truly comprehend the staggering size of this new land. Finally the coast led north and the Lark became the first European vessel to explore the east coast of what would become known as Caledonia. Troubles were found upon striking a “reef of immeasurable size” (OTL Great Barrier Reef) but the Lark was repaired and eventually made its way to England via Cape Horn. (***6***)

Back again in England Dampier was hailed as a hero, and the publication of a new book The Great Southern Land in 1696 would cement his legacy as one of the greatest explorers in history.

Dampier, William (born 1651: Died June 1718)

Explorer, pirate, Naturalist and Navigator was and English sailor credited with the European discovery of much of modern Caledonia as well as significant innovations in navigation, science and literature. After serving on serveral privateer vessels, the publication of A New Voyage around the world in 1690 lead to his appointment to command of the HMS Lark and the task exploring the lands south of the indies . His subsequent investigations of the western reaches of Caledonia would be largely responsible to the establishment of the Perth colony by the Scottish Company, an event which …..

Taken from the bibliography of exploration history (3rd Edition)

**1** Attributed to Joseph Conrad OTL

***2****the POD. In the OTL the Cygnet left china on July 29 1687 hoping to find what they belived to be 5 empty islands where they could “lie there secure”. In reality these islands (Batanes islands) had plenty of folks living there, and Cygnet spent months trying to find a safe place to restock and careen, eventually arriving off the coast of Western Australia in January 1688. In this TL the crew knows about the locals and decides to head south 3 months early arriving in King Sound in October 1687 at the end of the “dry” season when bushfires are particularly sudden and dangerous (January being in the “Wet” season.

***3***Santalum spicatum A very valuable plant in at this time in history, it once constituted a large amount of Western Australia’s exports, before eventually being over harvested.

****4****Common eucalypts. Anyone who has been around gum trees when they catch fire knows just how sudden and dangerously they burn and explode. In this TL a sudden bushfire caught Captain Read in the open and unprepared for the firestorm which killed him. As result Dampier is elected Captain by the remaining crew, leading to a much earlier return to England. (In OTL he was voluntarily marooned in the Nicobar Islands with a few others and didn’t return until July 1691.

***5***In OTL Voyage wouldn’t be published until 1697. Here Dampier’s early return to England as well as having all his notes intact (OTL a lot was destroyed in his first attempt to leave the Nicobar Islands) has led to a much earlier release. As in OTL the book is a huge hit impressing all tiers of the establishment (if anything it’s even more of a sensation due to the more complete notes). Dampier was an expert navigator with keen powers of observation and as such his book contained many insights into tides, foreign cultures and other natural phenomenon. He was the first to speculate that Australia was separate to New Guinea and his observations and musings would later have a profound impact on Charles Darwin and James Cook. As a side note the original Voyage introduced many new words into the English language including barbecue, catamaran and chopsticks.

***6*** OTL Dampier would a similar expedition to Australia on the HMS Roebuck in1699. He arrived near Broome Western Australia he would sail around the top end before being prevented from sailing down the east coast by the poor state of his ship. In this TL his interest in Sandalwood has led him to go south in search of the tree, finding the fertile south west of Australia and eventually the east coast.
 
Chapter 2 : The Banker
Chapter 2: the banker

“Trade had all the fascination of gambling without its moral guilt” Walter Scott

March 1697

For his entire adult life William Paterson had dreamed of building a commercial and financial empire. In many ways he had succeeded – first as a trader in the West Indies, and later as the principal founder of the Bank of England. Unfortunately the Bank had fallen under the sway of others, and Paterson had resigned of a disagreement over policy several months ago. Determined to rise to even greater heights he had begun to form the idea of a Scottish Trading Company to rival the EIC and VOC, based at the istmus of Panama, controlling the narrow land bridge between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Such a colony would be able to trade both east and west avoiding the time and danger of crossing both the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn.(***1***)

For now, though he would continue to mingle with the rich and powerful, building the financial and political capital necessary for such a venture. Tonight was no exception, for much of the Scottish elite had gathered to honour the great English explorer William Dampier. (***2***). As the night went on, however, he became increasingly enthralled by the great mariner’s tales of the great south land and it’s potential.

By the end of the night Paterson and Dampier were locked deep into conversation, with Dampier’s personal experience with Panama’s disease and competing national claims serving to throttle Paterson’s dreams of a Darien colony, while tales of a vast open land loaded with such valuable flora as sandalwood and the vinegar plum (***3***) fuelling the idea of a colony in the Great South Land.

January 1699

After months at sea they had finally arrived. 1200 settlers had left Leith in July 1698 and arrived at the great bay with two harbours Captain Douglas had promised (OTL Albany, Western Australia)(***4***). The journey had been difficult, but new opportunities waited.

Paterson, William (born April 1658: Died January 1719)

A Banker and Trader of Scottish decent who would go on to be one of the key players in both the establishment of the Bank Of England and the Company of Scotland. Born in Tynwald Scotland he would later immigrate to the Bahamas, where he developed a keen understanding of trading and banking. Returning to London in 1694 he would publish A Brief Account of the intended Bank of England a seminal paper which would lead to the founding of the Bank of England with capital of 1.2 million pounds, where he would later serve as a director. He would later become one of the principal forces that lead to the foundation of the Scottish Company. Initially a proponent of a trading company at the istmus of Panama, he later became fascinated at the prospect of a colony in Caledonia (OTL Australia) after reading A New Voyage around the World, William Dampier’s account of his adventures prior to 1690. After meeting Dampier in 1696 he became increasing interested in the prospects of a colony at what would become known as urburgh (OTL Albany WA), later settling there in 1699….

Taken from almanacia.com
 
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Hi all, after years of lurking I've decided to contribute with my own timeline. The premise of The Great South Land is that during the course of it's adventures the English privateer Cygnet arrives at King Sound, Western Australia several months earlier than it did OTL. This leads to a chain of events where Willam Dampier publishes A New Voyage Around the World at a considerably earlier date than he did OTL and the Scottish Company aiming for an Australian settlement rather than it's OTL goal of Panama. Feel free to criticize or comment (after all I know I 'm not a great writer, so there is no ego to bruise).
 
Just realized I forgot to add the notes to chapter 2 so here they are:

***1***OTL this would lead to the disaster known as the Darien Scheme

***2***After his near circumnavigation of OTL Australia and subsequent publication of The Great Southern Land Dampier is one of the more famous people in Britain.

***3***Terminalia ferdiniana a plant species with the highest levels of vitamin C of any fruit in the world.

***4*** Captain Douglas formerly served on HMS Lark during Dampier’s great expedition of 1693. Albany was chosen as the initial Scottish colony for two reasons – firstly because of its excellent strategic location (with two natural harbours, complete with fresh water), and secondly as a nod to Jared’s fantastic timeline Lands of Red and Gold , in which ATL Albany serves as the capital of the Atjuntja empire. If you haven’t had a chance to check out LoRaG do so now….I can’t recommend it enough.
 
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1***OTL this would lead to the disaster known as the Darien Scheme
So, without this epic failure the Scottish economy wouldn't bankrupt nor it would, to have, as one of its consequences, lead to the dissolution of the Scottish Parliament thus, If I'm not wrong, to butterflied the 1707 Act of Union...
 
An intriguing start. I'd love to see how it develops.

Except: Paterson, William (born April 1658: Died January 1619)
 
So, without this epic failure the Scottish economy wouldn't bankrupt nor it would, to have, as one of its consequences, lead to the dissolution of the Scottish Parliament thus, If I'm not wrong, to butterflied the 1707 Act of Union...
While nothing is writen in stone yet (I'm still working out the consequences of the Caladonian colony, at the very minimum the Scots will have a stronger had to play in the future of the British Isles.

That is an auspicious start! Do continue with this very novel and interesting idea!

Thanks for the support.
An intriguing start. I'd love to see how it develops.

Except: Paterson, William (born April 1658: Died January 1619)
Thanks .... and editied.
 
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Chapter 3 : The Company
Chapter 3: The Company

“Money is flat and is meant to be piled up” – Scottish Proverb

1695

The Scottish Trading Company (STC) was initially born out of Scottish frustration with the English Kingdom to the south. Although nominally both kingdoms where allied under the personal union of King William and Queen Mary, the far richer and more populous English had begun to eclipse the Scots in almost every field. Particularly galling were the Navigation Acts, which monopolised English trade and helped contribute to the poor state of Scottish finances.

Seeking to redress this imbalance the STC was created by an act of the Scottish parliament on June 1695, with a mandate to “foster trade between the Americas Africa, and Asia”. This act would in essence create a charter company, empowered to “equip fitout and navigate their own ships in a warlike manner” and carrying a 31 year monopoly on Scottish trade with Asia, Africa or the Americas.

In terms of capital to be raised the STC would have no limits to the total amount raised, however I was specified that no less than half of all raised funds would originate in Scotland. William Paterson and his other associates initially proposed the raising of 600,000 pounds – 300,000 in Edinburgh, and an additional 300,000 in London. After his previous well received success in raising funds for the Bank of England, Paterson undoubtedly felt such a target could be comfortably met. Indeed he expressed the opinion that detailed prospectus information was not required since “if we are not able to raise the fund by our reputation, we shall hardly do it by our reasons” in a letter to Robert Cheisly, who represented the Scottish directors within the STC.

The London subscription book was eventually opened on the 13th of November and reached its goal of £300,000 just 9 days later, with no less than £75,000 being fully paid up. This early success , however, was to arouse considerable alarm within the East India Company, which used its substantial influence put pressure on the English parliament to act on what it considered a serious encroachment on its trade privileges and charter. Both the house lords and commons were quick to act, with Paterson and his colleagues threated with impeachment, and laws passed that to a)”the subjects of England, Ireland and the plantations be discouraged, under severe penalties, from engaging in the stock and management of the Scots East India Company” as well as b)”that all seamen of England, Ireland and the Plantations be prohibited, under severe penalties, from serving in the companies ships” and finally c)”shipwrights, and builders of ships in or belonging to England, Ireland and to Plantations be likewise restrained”.

Under such scrutiny the English investments were hastily withdrawn, and further attempts to raise funds in Hamburg and the Netherlands were curtailed, with local English notaries complaining to Local officials that “his majesty would see such activities as an affront, which he would not fail to resent”.

The failure to raise capital outside within Europe due to English pressure was to prove a sore point to many Scots, who responded with patriot furore, eventually raising £400 000, a full £100 000 above the initial target, in workable Capital for the new Company. Relative to its population and wealth this represented a truly staggering 20% of the entire national wealth of Scotland, giving some idea of the scope of local enthusiasm for the project. (***1***)

1696 - 1697

Despite the huge levels of commitment within Scotland for the STC, William Paterson would eventually come to believe that the overall sum of £400 000 would not be enough to break into the highly competitive Indian trade market, and as such began to speculate that building up a settler colony would help secure the STC’s future(***2***). While initially planning a settlement in Panama, an encounter with William Dampier in March 1697 would eventually lead to organization of a South Seas Colony (***3***).

1698

By 1698 the STC was ready to commence operation, with the relatively simple business plan of a two way trade involving ships taking settlers to Caledonia, and ships returning with Sandalwood(and anything else valuable to be found) back. Such round trip journeys would be conducted with relative speed taking advantage of the strong winds in the roaring 40s (***4***), all be it with some danger to the ships.

In July 1698 the first 5 ship flotilla carrying 1200 colonists set sail to a land of danger and opportunity

(***1***)All this is more or less OTL

(***2***)Later historians would speculate this was his intention all along, as he had been advocating the Darien Scheme for years before this point.

(***3***) as covered in chapter 2

(***4****)Basically using the clipper route

 
Chapter 4 : The Councillor
Harbour) Chapter 4: The councillor

“Hunger knows no friend but its feeder” - Aristophanes

January 1699 – June 1699 úr burgh

Upon arrival the settlers immediately christened their new home Caledonia in honour of “that most ancient and renowned name of our mother country”, and set to work constructing the new colony, which they named úr Burgh (***1***). Initially all seemed to be going well, A Fort was built to protect the upper harbour, and land clearance continued apace with fire proving to be particularly potent on the local vegetation. By April however trouble had begun to set in with many Caledonians struggling to find water, and most attempts at growing food proving to be problematic. At first the abundance of local game seemed to make up the sustenance shortfall, but in time overhunting served to drive the wildlife away. Eventually food would begin to be rationed, and the one remaining ship at port Caledonia was sent to search for supplies.

July 1699

While the debate over the food crisis raged Alexander Campbell quietly waited for the commotion around him to die down. Formerly a sailor who was used to the formal command structure of life at sea, the chaotic and blustering nature of the colony council had at first annoyed him, but he come to realise that after a while the eventually posturing would stop and saner voices would be heard. After what seemed to be an age the ruckus declined and it was finally time to make his proposals.

“Gentlemen continuing to dwell on our past mistakes will not fill our stomachs. Yes the crops have failed and the Caledonia was sent for resupply too late for relief, but we must push past a worries and make firm plans for the future. There is food to be had in the Ocean and we will have it. I know that Caledonia is away but can we not construct our own boats to fish the seas? While travelling with Captain Dampier we saw many islanders in the South Seas with simple twin hulled boats hauling in an abundance of seafood. I can help us construct some of these vessels let us create our own cabhlach iasgaich (***2***).”

“Next we must send explorers and farmers inland to find fresh water – I know the STC planned for us to stay near the coast until the second wave of settlers arrive, but if we don’t act soon there will not be a colony for the second flotilla to find.”

June 1700

By charismas time the hunger crisis had largely abated with Campbell’s fleet kick-starting the long running Caledonian love of seafood. An expedition Party led by Campbell himself would follow the course of the Comraich (OTL Kaglan) river finding an excellent spot for a second settlement. By the time the second fleet arrived Urburgh had grown

Alexander Campbell

Sailor and Politician: Born in Leith, Scotland February 1661, Died at Urbergh Caledonia September

An important figure in early Caledonian history, Campbell was born into a middle class family near Leith, Scotland. After an early career sailing on merchant vessels, Campbell was commissioned as an officer on HMS Lark during William Dampier’s seminal voyage along the coast of modern day Caledonia. Upon returning to Europe Campbell would attract the attention of the nascent Scottish Trading Company, which had planned to establish a colony near modern day Urburgh. Seeking individuals with the knowledge of the Caledonian continent, the STC would later appoint Campbell as one of the 7 councillors who would govern the early stages of the colony. After the near disastrous failure of the first crop, it would be Campbell who would suggest the creation of the cabhlach iasgaich (or fishing fleet) which would solve the temporary food crisis of 1699. In later years would he be elected to the comhairle, serving from 1704 until his death in 1716.

Taken from the Dictionary of Caledonian History



(***1***) úr burgh: Gaelic for New Town – in time this will just become Urburgh. Since I’m no good at coming up with fictional town names, I’ve decided that Caledonians will adopt the tradition of giving places and other official titles designations in Scottish Gaelic. At the time of Caledonia’s foundation around 25% of Scotland could still speak Gaelic, and with the current surge in National pride I consider this to be a fair conceit. Since I don’t speak Gaelic I’m simply using google translate so feel free to correct any mistakes I make. Please note this really will only apply to naming convention Gaelic won’t be an official language in Caledonia and English is likely to continue as the dominant tongue by settlers.

(***2***) Gaelic for fishing fleet.

(***3***)Gaelic for sanctuary. (OTL the Kaglan River) The river also shares its name with the bay it enters into (Comraich Bay)(OTL Oyster
 
Rather than using Gaelic, Scottish nationalists at this time would probably use Scots (at this point specifically Middle Scots, for which the Dictionary of the Scots Language may be helpful), the majority and administrative language of 17th C Scotland. They might also name colonies after places in Scotland or use the usual British pattern of royal names. Newburgh (pronounced something like Nyu-buruh), or they may also use Scots-ified Aboriginal names (for Albany, the Nyungar name Kinjarling, this site while confusingly layed out has the Nyungar names for a bunch of places near Albany). Given the period and the vast distance involved, you might see a dialect develop that could be argued to be its own language, separate from both Scots and English, like Afrikaans in South Africa (Caledonis perhaps?). Still, an interesting start. I do look forward to seeing how the colonists interact with the Noongar.
 
Rather than using Gaelic, Scottish nationalists at this time would probably use Scots (at this point specifically Middle Scots, for which the Dictionary of the Scots Language may be helpful), the majority and administrative language of 17th C Scotland. They might also name colonies after places in Scotland or use the usual British pattern of royal names. Newburgh (pronounced something like Nyu-buruh), or they may also use Scots-ified Aboriginal names (for Albany, the Nyungar name Kinjarling, this site while confusingly layed out has the Nyungar names for a bunch of places near Albany). Given the period and the vast distance involved, you might see a dialect develop that could be argued to be its own language, separate from both Scots and English, like Afrikaans in South Africa (Caledonis perhaps?). Still, an interesting start. I do look forward to seeing how the colonists interact with the Noongar.
I'll look into the Dictionary of Scots language for future name choices. I really wanted to stay away from the usual name evreything after where we just came from, mostly to avoid any confusion to any casual reader stemming from similar and identical names to OTL. For example had I named Urburgh Perth someone not paying attention (including the occasionally drunk author, Me) might start getting OTL Perth (either on the Swan River WA or in Scotland) mixed up. I had planed on incorporating some elements of local naming conventions as well, once contact is more firmly established.
My next couple of chapters will return to Europe, but are proving difficult to write given the sheer moving parks involved (Act of Settlement, Act of Union and oh year the War of Spanish Succession and the uprisings of 08 and 15 are all in play over the next few years OTL). After that we'll return to Caledonia with the next chapter being called The Hunter, and being from the perspective of a local Noongar hunter. Expect updates in the next couple of days.
 
Chapter 5: The Spanish Question
Chapter 5: The Spanish question

In the aftermath of the signing of the peace of Westphalia in 1648, France under the dynamic Louis XIV would emerge as the dominant military power in Europe, eclipsing a now diminished Spain to become arbiter of the west. Seeking to capitalise on France’s near overwhelming strength Louis’s ambitions seemed to be a restoration of the Burgandian territories that had been lost at the end of the Middle Ages, in conjunction with control of all other lands to the west of the river Rhine. In response to French aggression the surrounding states began to form military coalitions, for no one state was capable of defeating the French juggernaut alone.

In the subsequent French-Dutch and 9 years wars the balance of power theory began to emerge….”that no one state could be allowed to become powerful enough to threaten the peace and security of its neighbours”. For a while in appeared that a balance had been achieved, as both the French-Dutch and 9 years’ war had seen France unable to hold the entirety of Louis’s claims, but at the same time France had proved to be near impossible to invade or defeat outright. It is possible that that the beginning of the 18th century may have ushered in a period of relative calm in Western Europe, had it not been fate of Charles II of Spain.

While no longer the behemoth it had been 100 years earlier Spain was still one of the strongest powers both within Europe and globally, including most of central and southern America, the Philippines, the Spanish Netherlands and large chunks of Italy. While its power was considerable, a shadow loomed over the future for the Spanish King Charles II, only 4 years old, had died by 1700, with two of leading candidates for the throne being in Louis XIV of France and Emperor Leopold I. In order to maintain peace the powers of Europe began to plan a division of the Spanish empire, to ensure no one faction became overwhelmingly strong.

Unfortunately no one anticipated that the Spanish, in a desire to keep their empire together would devise the brilliant plan to deliver the entire Spanish Empire intact to Louis’s grandson Philip, on the condition that he renounce any claim on the French crown and reject any partition of his new inheritance. Naturally this did not sit well with France’s enemies, and the subsequent War of Spanish Succession commenced in 1702

Taken from the Coalition wars: the struggle for European dominance in the 18th century (***1***)

1700-1706

“Merchant and pirate were for a long period considered one and the same person. Even today mercantile morality is really nothing but a refinement of piratical morality” – Friedrich Nietzsche

After the initial hunger crisis experienced within the new colony of Caledonia, the future prospects of the STC began to look up. Sandalwood was delivered through regular shipments, and considerable numbers of Scottish settlers were conveyed under the so called 5 year rule – where in return to 5 years indentured service any Scottish family would be guaranteed 50 acres of farmland. Additionally new edible plants were discovered including Duilleaguaine (***2***), and the oceans to the south provided a seemingly endless bounty of marine life – with whale oil being added to the list of exports.

Even the outbreak of war didn’t slow down initial progress as the new land was far away from the chaos engulfing Europe and the Caribbean. Eventually, however, things took a turn for the worst – with Spanish privateers seizing a STC ship returning to Scotland in 1703. Worse was to follow in 1706 when an entire STC convoy of 5 ships was captured by the brilliant corsair Miguel Enriquez after venturing too close to the Antilles. The loss of the so many ships was to have a devastating effect on the company – with enthuse waning and financial bankruptcy looming.

(***1***) All OTL, as there are not yet sufficient butterflies to change this.

(***2***) Gaelic for Green leaf. OTL warrigal greens or New Zealand Spinach.
 
Chapter 6: The Hunter
Chapter 6: The Hunter

1700-1706


After the near disaster of the so called lean year, the nascent colony of Caledonia soon began to display real opportunity for the Scottish Trading Company (STC). Although sandalwood continued to be the cornerstone of the new lands economy, new goods were soon discovered. The native Guma (***1***) tree leafs yielded an oil with both medical and perfume qualities. The jumping deer which would become known as Yonga (***2***) yielded a highly subtle leather, resulting in an early leatherworking industry – specialising in Booka (***3***). Finally the previously untapped great oceans to the south teamed with whales – and the early fishing fleet soon expanded to include whaling ships resulting in a healthy harvest whale oil, bone and ambergris.

Administratively, after initial teething problems between the local governor and his 7 man advisory body, a loose compromise was worked out whereby local affairs feel under the primary influence of the 7, whereas economic and external affairs where the purview of the governor. Almost from the beginning the local Caledonians referred to the Governor and his advisors as comhairle (***4***) a name still associated with governance within Caledonia.

After the initial settlement of 1200 people in Urburgh(OTL Albany WA) the population soon began to expand, driven both by high birth rates (most settlers where of prime childrearing age) and a steady supply of fresh colonists arriving upon each new STC trading ship attracted by the 5 years/50 acres policy. After Urburgh’s settlement in 1699, Comraich (OTL Kaglan WA) was founded in 1701 and later Bilya (OTL Millbrook WA) by 1705. By 1706 the population had grown to 4900 and the STC planned a new colony at Mulgar (OTL Margret River), until the disastrous loss of 6 ships to pirates in the Antilles severely crippled the Scottish Trading Companies plans.

Taken from The Scottish Trading Company: A historical perspective



Although included in the directions given to Governor Lindsay was a charter “to contact and establish trade relations with all encountered natives”, local contact was at first difficult at best. The local Mingang people were extremely reluctant to engage with the seemingly supernatural newcomers, and initially it seems that they believed the Caledonians would simply leave after time had passed. It was therefore quite a shock when one of the locals, Nyagan simply strolled into Urburg in September 1700.

In many ways Nyagan was an unusual man. Later colonists would attest to his extreme curiosity and intelligence, while the explorer (and brother of Councillor Alexander) Angus Campbell would speak highly of his “near fearless and adventurous spirit”. While his initial contact with the colonists was brief – it is believed he traded some possum pelts for steel knife – he would make several return visits with other hunters and develop English speaking skills.

By 1702 was a regular visitor to Urburgh, and when Angus Campbell was commissioned to survey the lands to the west of the colony Nyagan accompanied him throughout his 3 year investigation. Campbell was to credit Nyagan with much of the naming conventions that remain within South West Caledonia, and the modern English dictionary credits no less than 20 words originating from Nyagan’s direction.

Sadly smallpox would arrive in Caledonia by 1706(***7***), and Nyagan would pass away from the disease in 1708. His children would go on to found the highly influential Nyagan family which was to play an important role in Caledonian history.

Taken form Almanac.com



(***1***) Gum or eucalyptus trees. Interestingly Eucalypt oil was one of the first exports from OTL Australia, being harvested in the first year of settlement in Sydney Cove.

(***2***) OTL Kangaroos. In Our time line this name comes from the Guugu Yimithiir a language group native to North Queensland. Since Urburgh is in SW Australia I’ll be using a lot of the native local language group (namely the Nyungar) for a lot of my naming conventions. Once again I’m no linguist so feel free to correct me at will.

(***3***) Nyungar for kangaroo skin coats

(***4***)Gaelic for Council

(***5***)Bilya: Nyungar for river

(***6***) The traditional tribal grouping around Urburgh (OTL Albany)

(***7***) Unfortunately the arrival of the Old World diseases will ravage the Koori people much as it did in OTL
 
Seems interesting, how availabloon do u think they'll find the gold fields as far as i know western Australia's ones ate all pretty inland. Will the scots get the whole island
 
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