The Falling Rain: A Graphics Timeline

Opening Post + 2041 World Map
  • Oh on and on shall fall the rain,
    In this great nation, long split in twain.
    Oh on and on shall fall the rain,
    Through misery, silence, e’erlasting pain.

    Pick up your sword, call forth the slain,
    Let those past deeds be not in vain.
    For what is there left for us to gain,
    That will earn us a place in our lord’s domain.

    Oh on and on shall fall the rain,
    The call of liberty is our refrain.
    Oh on and on shall fall the rain,
    It shall be freedom for all who is to reign!


    114ce88dc654ab3a295add.jpg

    (The 1841 Inauguration of the 9th President of the United States, William Henry Harrison)

    In the same vein of other excellent graphic timelines like Our Fair Country / These Fair Shores, Nobody Expects, Hail Britannia, Of Droughts and Flooding Rains, A Shining Valley, etc, I have decided to dive into this as well, despite having just started graduate school. This timeline has been in the process of development for well over three years now, and rather than revamp it again and again I think it'd be best to put it out there. A lot of this already exists on my test thread, so the first set of posts will be to get this thread up to speed.

    The point of divergence is that William Henry Harrison takes a nice long rest and doesn't work himself to death, therefore making his presidency last a full term. There are some tropes here that present themselves, like a short-lived CSA victory, but it is my hope that things are laid out in a plausible enough manner to excuse the use of these tropes. Historical figures do appear, but transition to fictional ones around the early 1920s. Comments, questions, and suggestions are greatly appreciated, though if anyone would like to contribute things then I ask that you run them by me first.

    To begin, here is the map of the world, circa January 22nd, 2041, following the second inauguration of US President Edward Fraser (R-VN):
    TFR4 2041 World Map Official 5.png
     
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    World Alliances, 2041

  • TFR4 2041 Alliances Official 4.png


    Alliances of the World, circa 2041:
    (keep in mind membership does overlap)

    Third Compact (maroon): war communism, led by West Sudan and Iran

    Sparta Protocol (purple): stratocratic totalitarianism, led by South Africa, Ethiopia, and Neo-Byzantium

    Organization of Harmonious States (gold): reactionary authoritarianism, led by Korea and Morocco

    Commonwealth of Imperial Nations (red): British imperialism, led by Britain

    League of the Free Americas (teal): pan-American democratic, led by the United States

    Equatorial Alignment (green): radical ecological Gaianism, led by Barbados

    European Safety Network (blue): pan-European democratic, anti-Russia
    - Mediterranean Consensus (not depicted), led by Italy
    - Levantine Concordat (not depicted), led by Jordan-Palestine
    - New Intermarium Bloc (not depicted), led by Poland
    - Thule Monetary Union (not depicted), led by Scandinavia

    All-African Autonomous Alliance (various): pan-African democratic, anti-South Africa/Ethiopia/Central African Empire/West Sudan
    - Rift Union (very light green-yellow), led by Kenya
    - Coastal and Estuary Defense Agreement (dark blue), led by Cameroon
    - Capelands and Southlands Protective Containment Force (brown-gold), led by Drakia
    - West African Proactive Association (pink), led by Senegal

    Partnership of the Greater Pacific (purple-grey): pan-Pacific democratic, led by the United States

    Celestial Front (light green): pan-East Asian quasi-democratic, led by China

    Indosphere (light orange): pan-South Asian quasi-democratic, led by India

    Transnational Cooperative (light blue): pan-Eurasian quasi-democratic, led by Russia

    States Adherent to the Medina Council (brown-green): pan-Arab monarcho-democratic, led by Arabia

    Free International Community (bright blue): internationalist democratic, led by Switzerland

    North Atlantic Accord (not depicted): Anglo-American military pact​
     
    US Presidents and CS Presidents, List Format
  • Presidents of the United States, 1841-2057:

    1841-1843: William Henry Harrison / John Tyler (Whig)
    Defeated, 1840: Martin Van Buren / Richard Mentor Johnson (Democratic), James Birney / Thomas Earle (Liberty)
    1843-1845: William Henry Harrison / Vacant (Whig)
    1845-1847: John Tyler / John Fairfield (Democratic)
    Defeated, 1844: John Davis / Willie Person Magnum (Whig), James Birney / Thomas Morris (Liberty)
    1847-1849: John Tyler / Vacant (Democratic)
    1849-1857: Millard Fillmore / John J Crittenden (Whig, then Whig-American)
    Defeated, 1848: Lewis Cass / Solomon Downs (Democratic), Martin Van Buren / Charles Francis Adams (Free Soilers), John Tyler / John Quitman (Independent Democratic)
    Defeated, 1852: James Buchanan / William King (National Democratic), Lewis Cass / Stephen Douglas (Liberal Democratic), John Hale / Samuel Lewis (Free Soilers)

    1857-1862: James Bayard Jr / John Breckinridge (National Democratic) *assassinated
    Defeated, 1856: John J Crittenden / Solomon Foot (Whig-American), Stephen Douglas / John Weller (Liberal Democratic), John McLean / William Dayton (Free Soilers)
    Defeated, 1860: John Bell / Abraham Lincoln (Unionist Whig), Stephen Douglas / William Alexander (Liberal Democratic), William Seward / Thaddeus Stevens (Radical Whig), Salmon Chase / George Julian (Free Soilers), Edward Everett / William Graham (Peace Whig), Andrew Jackson Donelson / Henry Gardner (American/Know Nothing), John Brown / Samuel McFarlane (New Liberty)

    1862-1863: John Breckinridge / Vacant (National Democratic) *resigned
    1863-1864: Simon Cameron / Vacant (Unionist-Republican) *impeached and removed
    1864:
    John J Crittenden / Vacant (Whig-American) *died in office
    1864-1865: Office of the President held in abeyance

    1865-1873: Charles Francis Adams / Benjamin Wade (Unionist-Republican)
    Defeated, 1864: Stephen Douglas / Horatio Seymour (Liberal Democratic), John C Frémont / John Cochrane (Radical Progress), Clement Vallandigham / Daniel Voorhees (Peace Democratic)
    Defeated, 1868: Thomas Seymour / George Pendelton (Liberal), John Logan / Charles Sumner (Radical Progress)

    1873-1875: Henry Wilson / Schuyler Colfax (Unionist-Republican) *died in office
    Defeated, 1872: Stephen Douglas / Winfield Scott Hancock (People's-Populist), Asa Packer / Benjamin Gratz Brown (Liberal)
    1875-1876: Schuyler Colfax / Vacant (Unionist-Republican) *impeached and removed
    1876-1877: Henry Anthony / Vacant (Unionist-Republican)
    1877: Oliver Morton / Joshua Chamberlain (Unionist-Republican) *died in office
    Defeated, 1876: Stephen Douglas / John Reynolds (People's-Populist), Thomas Hendricks / William Allen (Status Quo-Liberal), Frederick Douglass / Victoria Woodhull (Equal Rights), Daniel Sickles / Marcus Pomeroy (Restorationist-Liberal)
    1877-1883: Joshua Chamberlain / Vacant, then Ely S Parker (Unionist-Republican) *assassinated
    Defeated, 1880: Samuel Randall / Joel Parker (Liberal-Populist)
    1883-1889: Ely S Parker / Vacant, then James Blaine (Unionist-Republican)
    Defeated, 1884: William Rosecrans / George Washington Glick (Liberal-Populist)
    1889-1897: Benjamin Harrison / John Sherman (Unionist-Republican)
    Defeated, 1888: Isaac P Gray / John C Black (Liberal-Populist)
    Defeated, 1892: David B Hill / Donald M Dickinson (Liberal-Populist)

    1897-1905: Robert Todd Lincoln / Levi Morton (Unionist-Republican)
    Defeated, 1896: William Jennings Bryan / Henry Teller (Liberal-Populist)
    Defeated, 1900: William Jennings Bryan / Henry Teller (Liberal-Populist)

    1905-1909: Albert Beveridge / Robert Hitt, then Vacant (Unionist-Republican)
    Defeated, 1904: William Jennings Bryan / Henry Teller (Liberal-Populist)
    1909-1917: Theodore Roosevelt / James Sherman, then Charles Fairbanks (Progressive-Republican)
    Defeated, 1908: Nelson Miles / Henry Davis (Liberal-Populist)
    Defeated, 1912: William Jennings Bryan / John Kern (Liberal-Populist)

    1917-1921: Alfred Warren / Joseph Gordon Wallace (Progressive-Republican)
    Defeated, 1916: Wilberforce Stockton / Dominic Grayfield (Liberal-Populist)
    1921-1929: Lawrence Ashwood / Quentin Howard (Liberal-Populist)
    Defeated, 1920: Alfred Warren / Joseph Gordon Wallace (Progressive-Republican)
    Defeated, 1924: Edwin Pattinson / Ignatius Sturgeon (Progressive-Republican)

    1929-1933: Joseph Gordon Wallace / Percival Daugherty (Progressive-Republican)
    Defeated, 1928: Bernard Waters / John Gardner (Liberal-Populist), Lewis Cartwright / Peter Franklin (American Futurist), Thomas James / Jim Darkford (New Nullifier), Arthur Fox / Winston Breakhill (Jobless)
    1933-1942: Henry Longmile / Frederick Dewey, then Evan Charles Evans Jr (National-Populist) *assassinated
    Defeated, 1932: Joseph Gordon Wallace / Percival Daugherty (Progressive-Republican), Wilson Ross / Andrew Snyder (American Futurist), Langdon Smith / Ulysses Hanford (Social Unionist)
    Defeated, 1936: William James Adams / Terrence Carver (Progressive-Republican), Roland Willis / Patricia Sellers (Social Unionist)
    Defeated, 1940: Elijah Root / Norman Giles (Labor-Republican)

    1942-1945: Evan Charles Evans Jr / Vacant (National-Populist)
    1945-1953: Matthias Hull / Ulysses Hanford, then George Kelvin (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1944: Evan Charles Evans Jr / Lucas Collins (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 1948: Brandon Clarke / Jason Armstrong (National-Populist)

    1953-1961: Randolph MacDonald / George Stevenson (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1952: Benjamin King / Walter Frye (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 1956: James Joplin / John Javits (National-Populist)

    1961-1969: Francis Seymour Callahan / Arthur Moss (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 1960: Randolph MacDonald / George Stevenson (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1964: Harold Ericsson / Oliver Holloway (Labor-Republican)

    1969-1971: John Andrew Mercer / Mary Margaret Wesington-Smith (Labor-Republican) *assassinated
    Defeated, 1968: Peter Strickland / Desmond Sawyer (National-Populist)
    1971-1977: Mary Margaret Wesington-Smith / Vacant, then David Robert Kennedy (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1972: Desmond Sawyer / Keith Horn (National-Populist)
    1977-1981: David Robert Kennedy / Guinevere Hopkins (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1976: John Ayers / Jeffrey Leach (National-Populist)
    1981-1985: William Forrestal / Oliver Westmoreland (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 1980: Guinevere Hopkins / Lucius Rowland (Labor-Republican)
    1985-1993: Charles Kistler / Kimberly Frobisher (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1984: William Forrestal / Oliver Westmoreland (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 1988: Edwin Morrell / Peter Spencer (National-Populist)

    1993-1999: Edward Stark / Douglas Raycliffe (National-Populist) *assassinated
    Defeated, 1992: Nicholas Hale / Julian Gonzales (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 1996: Frederico Montalban / Cornelia Hull (Labor-Republican)

    1999-2000: Douglas Raycliffe / Vacant (National-Populist) *assassinated
    2000-2001: Charles Kistler / Vacant (Labor-Republican)

    2001-2008: Alexandra de la Pole / Joseph Tenorio (Labor-Republican) *resigned
    Defeated, 2000: Hank Barlow / Robert Tyler (National-Populist)
    Defeated, 2004: Nathan Cassidy / Alexander Valentine (Civic-Populist), Hugh Hanrahan / Justin O'Malley (Forwardist)

    2008-2009: Joseph Tenorio / Vacant (Labor-Republican)
    2009-2017: Justin Fitzgerald / Jane Blue Shirt Ross (Labor-Republican)
    Defeated, 2008: Alan Morrison / Philip Carlton (Civic-Populist)
    Defeated, 2012: Christopher Sinclair / Edgar Warfield (Civic-Populist)

    2017-2025: Jane Blue Shirt Ross / Roberta Castro (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2016: John Boreman / Tucker Morton (Civic-Populist)
    Defeated, 2020: Arthur Reynolds / Johnathan Greenfield (Civic-Populist)

    2025-2029: Roberta Castro / Franklin James (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2024: Matthew Lawrence / Ian Avery (Civic-Populist)
    2029-2036: David Teller / Samuel Mulligan (Civic-Populist) *overthrown
    Defeated, 2028: Roberta Castro / Franklin James (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2032: Franklin James / Katerina Diomedes (Reform-Republican)

    2036: Samuel Mulligan / Vacant (Civic-Populist) *overthrown
    2036-2037: George Wright / Vacant (Reform-Republican)
    2037-2045: Edward Fraser / Joanna Thompson (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2036: Samuel Mulligan / Walter Montgomery (Civic-Populist)
    Defeated, 2040: Elizabeth Kowalski / Haytham Shaw (Constitutional-Populist), Sean Burke / Wilfred Roberts (American Independence), Janet Marks / Paul Torres (True Patriots)

    2045-2053: Judith Roosevelt / Derek Brooker (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2044: Anthony Vars / Victoria Drake (Constitutional-Populist), George Overmyer / Lyne Fisher (American Independence)
    Defeated, 2048: Paul Scranton / Juliet Reed (Constitutional-Populist), Daniel Mills / Natalie Majors (American Independence)

    2053-2057: Isabella Ortiz / Kali Patil (Reform-Republican)
    Defeated, 2052: Jim Coleman / Georgia Thatch (Constitutional-Populist)


    Presidents of the Confederate States, 1863-1885:


    Provisional: Jefferson Davis / Alexander Stephens (unaffiliated)
    Unopposed
    1865-1871: John Breckinridge / Robert MT Hunter (Confederate)

    Defeated, 1864: Alexander Stephens / Robert Toombs (National Democratic), John Quitman / Louis Wigfall (Southern Whig), Andrew Jackson Donelson / John Botts (Reunionist)
    1871-1877: Jefferson Davis / Stephen Mallory (Confederate)

    Defeated, 1870: Robert Toombs / George B Crittenden (National Democratic), Joseph Brown / Roger Pryor (Southern Whig), Andrew Johnson / John Brown Baldwin (Reunionist), PGT Beauregard / Leonidas K Polk (Veterans)
    1877-1883: Howell Cobb / Judah Benjamin (Confederate)

    Defeated, 1876: Thomas Bocock / Henry Foote (National Democratic), William Miles / Robert Rhett (Southern Whig), Joseph Holt / James Madison Wells (Reunionist), Richard Taylor / Wade Hampton III (Veterans)
    1883-1885: John Reagan / Christopher Memminger (Confederate) *resigned, CSA dissolved

    Defeated, 1882: William Boyce / John T Morgan (National Democratic), Edmund Pettus / Thomas Hindman (Southern Whig), Emerson Etheridge / William Hugh Smith (Reunionist), James Longstreet / Fitzhugh Lee (Veterans), Zebulon Vance / William Mahone (New Regulators), Nathan Bedford Forrest / William Porcher Miles (Dixiecrats)
     
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    Joshua Chamberlain + Ely S Parker
  • TFR4 Pres 21 Joshua Chamberlain.png
    Joshua Chamberlain
    (September 8th 1828 - February 28th 1883) was an American military hero, politician, and twenty-first president of the United States from the state of Maine. His tumultuous terms in office oversaw the beginning of the Second American Civil War, and he was the second US president to be assassinated.

    A noted scholar and professor at Bowdoin College, Chamberlain led a regiment of Maine volunteers during the First American Civil War, where his quick thinking stabilized the US lines during the Battle of Rock Creek, single-handedly saving Washington, DC from capture by the Confederates. For that, he received national fame as the Lion of Bowdoin and the Lion of Rock Creek, and was acclaimed as the Savior of the Republic by President John J Crittenden once the conflict ended. At first going back to his job as a professor, he entered politics as a Unionist-Republican and served four terms as the 32nd Governor of Maine. Appointed to the US Senate by the Maine Legislature after his governorship ended, he became close friends with fellow congressmen Ely S Parker and Oliver Morton, and was an outspoken advocate of continued opposition to the Confederate States. He was chosen by Morton to be his running mate in the 1876 US Presidential election on account of his nationwide popularity, and together they won a decisive victory over their opponents of Steven Douglas, Thomas Hendricks, Daniel Sickles, and symbolic candidate Frederick Douglass.

    After seven months in office, Oliver Morton died of complications from a stroke, elevating Chamberlain to the Presidency. His time in office is notable for his mostly successful efforts to deal with the Third Period of the Long Depression as well as his persistent efforts to aid the Haitian Resistance against the occupying Confederate States. He helped to sponsor and pass the 21st Amendment in response to the United Kingdom granting symbolic baronies to notable Confederate leaders, and continued the modernization and strengthening of the United States Army in preparation for an inevitable conflict with the Confederate States. However, his successful navigation and defusing of a potential crisis concerning the Rio Bravo War spiked his popularity in time for the 1880 US Presidential election, which he handily won against the ultimately ineffective campaigning of Samuel Randall. His choice of Ely S Parker as his running mate sparked intense controversy, however, for Parker, being a Tonawanda Seneca, was not technically a US citizen. His choice of Parker (a well known orator and diplomat) over other recommended options is a testament to his strong friendship with Parker and the need to curry favor with dissident groups in the crumbling Confederate States, notably the United Tribes of Sequoyah.

    The outbreak of the Confederate Civil War over the contested results of the 1882 CS Presidential election gave Chamberlain the perfect opportunity to reunify the nation. Acting on long prepared plans developed by American strategists like Ulysses S Grant and William T Sherman, US forces made rapid progress into Confederate territory with the aid of Blue Coalition supporters and activists. Chamberlain would not live to see the end of the war, however, for Confederate assassin John Wilkes Booth shot and killed Chamberlain while he was visiting US lines in Northern Virginia.

    Chamberlain is well regarded among presidents for being a popular national hero through his actions in both Civil Wars and his forward-thinking approach towards minority groups in the US, in addition to the broad sympathy gained through his assassination. Speculation as to what could have happened had Chamberlain lived is a popular topic among speculative historians to this day.





























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    TFR4 Pres 22 Ely S Parker.png
    Ely Samuel Parker
    (1828 - August 31 1900), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca engineer, tribal diplomat, politician, and twenty-second president of the United States from the state of New York. He consistently holds very high positions in historical rankings of US presidents, and is commonly known by his presidential nickname of the Great Reunifier.

    Born in 1828 (his exact date of birth is still a contentious question amongst historians), he first studied law for three years as a young man but was unable to take the bar examination due to, as a Tonawanda Seneca, he was not considered a US citizen. A chance meeting with anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan allowed Parker to gain the opportunity to study engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, after which he juggled the roles of being an engineer and being a diplomat and interpreter for Seneca chiefs in their ongoing negations with the US government (he was fully bilingual in the Seneca language and English). During this time he became strong friends with Ulysses S Grant while working on government projects in Illinois, one of many notable friendships Parker accrued over his life.

    When the First American Civil War broke out, Parker proposed to raise a regiment of Iroquois volunteers to fight for the United States, a proposal that was accepted by John C Breckinridge in one of his last acts in office in a vain attempt to foment dissent within the United States. Arriving too late to the frontlines to fight in the First American Civil War, the unit was sent westwards to serve in the American Frontier Wars, where Parker made a name for himself through his careful diplomacy and level-headed nature that defused many a conflict and earned him the great admiration of his friend and now supervisor Ulysses S Grant. Charles Francis Adams, upon recommendation from Grant, appointed Parker to be the head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the first First Nation person to hold the role. His long and successful tenure in that role gave him widespread national attention, and he was nominated for and elected to a seat in the US House of Representatives by proud members of his home constituency in New York, according to popular legend, without his knowledge. He served with distinction for three terms in the House, making friends with fellow congressman Joshua Chamberlain, who later chose Parker as his running mate for the 1880 US Presidential election. Despite not being considered a US citizen at the time, powerful oration from Frederick Douglass, Chamberlain, Grant, and other noted Unionist-Republican leaders all but secured Parker's place as Vice President, where he took a prominent role in negotiating with the United Tribes of Sequoyah to gain their defection at the start of the Second American Civil War.

    Chamberlain's assassination in 1883 brought Parker to the Presidency, though a special declaration by Congress was necessary to officially grant Parker the required citizenship to assume the position. Had it been anytime other than in the midst of the Second American Civil War, it is doubtful that such a declaration would have been passed, even with Parker's accomplishments. Major US victories in the war assured Parker's reelection in 1884, who controversially ran in order to maintain a continuity of government throughout the war. His choice of James Blaine as his running mate was a well-regarded one, and his victory over William Rosecrans was at a comfortable margin.

    Parker's achievements post-1884 are his most famous. He won the Second American Civil War, reunified the nation, passed the 22nd, 23rd, and 24th Amendments, and began the American Conquest of the Southwest. He gave all First Nation peoples US citizenship and radically redefined the relationship of the US government with minority groups, most notably with the creation of state designations of free states (initially for freed blacks in the South) and reserved states (initially for First Nation peoples mainly out west). His efforts dealing with the Fourth Period of the Long Depression didn't quite work out during his term, but things were certainly improving by the time he left office.

    After leaving the presidency, Parker enjoyed some quiet time with his family before being appointed by the New York Legislature to the US Senate, where he served for one term. As one of the few former presidents to take political office after his time as president, Congress struggled with what honors to give him, a debate only resolved long after he had finished his term. He died three years after leaving office, surrounded by his family at his home, and is buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo, New York, next to his ancestor Red Jacket and near to the 11th US President Millard Fillmore.
     
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    John J Crittenden
  • TFR4 Pres 15 John J Crittenden.png

    John Jordan Crittenden (September 10th 1787 - December 23rd 1864) was an American statesman, politician, and the fifteenth president of the United States from the state of Kentucky. His term as president lasted for 234 days, one of the shortest presidential terms in US history, and was the first president to die of natural causes in office. His death sparked a major constitutional crisis regarding the succession to the presidency, for he had already ascended to the presidency upon the impeachment and removal of Simon Cameron, who himself had ascended to the presidency upon the resignation of John C Breckinridge, who himself had ascended to the presidency upon the assassination of James Bayard Jr.

    Over the course of Crittenden's political career, he served in the Kentucky House of Represenatives, represented the state in the US Senate, served as the United States Attorney General in the administration of William Henry Harrison, and was Vice President for Millard Fillmore. He also ran for the presidency in the election of 1856, but lost to James Bayard Jr., whereupon he went into a brief retirement before returning to politics to represent Kentucky in the US House of Representatives where he was elected as House Speaker. A long time ally of fellow Whig politician Henry Clay, he was a member of the Whig Party for almost all of its existence, and served as the last explicit Whig member of Congress.

    At 76 years of age at the time of his ascension to the presidency, Crittenden is the oldest person to have served as President. One of his sons, George B Crittenden, would go on to serve in the Army of the Confederate States of America, while another son, Thomas L Crittenden, would go on to serve in the Army of the United States of America, with both serving in the Second American Civil War.

    Historians have a difficult time evaluating Crittenden. His place after the utter debacles of Bayard, Breckinridge, and Cameron have led some to conclude that had he been elected in 1856 then perhaps the issues of secession could have been avoided. His authorship of the 1860 Crittenden Compromise, for instance, a series of constitutional amendments and resolutions, could have prevented the formation of the Confederate States and the two American Civil Wars. However, his intensely moderate nature and focus on compromise may still not have succeeded, for the division of the United States by that point in time was all but inevitable. Additionally, he accepted the fait accompli of the near-peaceful separation of the United States rather than resisting like many in Congress urged him to do, allowing for the Confederate States to establish itself on the international stage. His death in office spurred the adoption of the 14th Amendment, which codifies the line of succession for the presidency beyond the offices of the president pro tempore and the Speaker of the House. Indeed, his death also allowed for the historical precedent of the 33rd Amendment which changed Inauguration Day to January 22nd, based on the emergency declaration by Congress that allowed Charles Francis Adams to assume the presidency before the established Inauguration Day of March 4th.
     
    US Political Parties, Douglass Commonwealth Government
  • TFR4 US Major Political Parties Iterations.png
    The Republican Party is the dominant party of the United States, holding a majority of seats in the US Congress. Additionally, 35 of all 51 presidents have been members of the party (though historians still debate as to if the Whig Party should be considered an iteration of the Republicans). The modern party was created out of the electoral ruins of the 1860 election, where eight major candidates sought the presidency, and swiftly achieved a dominance over American politics following the First Civil War. The party maintained a stranglehold over the presidency for almost sixty years until the 1920 election, when, in reaction to President Alfred Warren's unpopular refusal to enter the Great War, Lawrence Ashwood narrowly claimed the highest office. The party's main ideology has shifted over the many years, going from Jeffersonian democracy to Rooseveltian progressivism to the more modern Mercerite and Kistlerite republicanism, but for the most part has stayed left of center.

    The Populist Party is the primary opposition party of the United States. Founded by five-time presidential candidate Stephen Douglas, the party took the place of the Jacksonian and Bayardite Democrats as well as the first post-First Civil War party Douglas founded, the Liberals. At first following Douglas's popular sovereignty notions, the party has adopted a strongly conservative platform that veered into stratocratic militarism following the start of the Great Depression. Though the party has claimed the presidency multiple times, scandals have been a major plague - Henry Longmile arguably sowed the seeds for the Years of Lead, and most recently David Teller attempted to overthrow American democracy. Time will tell if the party can survive the current crisis it has caused for itself.

    The Alliance Party is the third largest party in the United States, typically caucusing with the Republicans. It is less of a traditional political party and more of a common banner for numerous smaller regionalist parties to congregate under, most notably the dominant parties of the free states, reserved states, and territories. It was originally founded following the Second Civil War as a means of giving voting rights back to former Confederates who had been a part of the Virginia Readjusters and North Carolina New Regulators (in opposition to the 23rd Amendment), with party founder William Mahone gaining a strong backing from Virginia governor William Cameron and North Carolina governor Zebulon Vance. The flag of the party is the "Don't Tread On Me" Gadsden flag, which gave the party its color and animal symbol.

    The Ecological Party is the most recent of the four major parities of the United States, having only been formed in the 1960s. It too caucuses with the Republicans, and centers itself on environmental policies and fulfilling the legacy of its spiritual founder, John Muir. Most strong in the state of Sierra, the party has had a difficult time branching out due to the similarities between it and the Republicans, with its largest electoral success being under the breakaway Forwardist Party in the 2004 election. The recent "Green Terror" emanating from the Odyssey 9 disaster has additionally been damaging for the party, as some have claimed it to be crypto-gaianist, leading to the party's most recent shift deep into modern digitalism.

    -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

    TFR4 Douglass Commonwealth Government.png
    The Douglass Commonwealth is the city-state comprised of the Federal Capital City, once called the District of Columbia, now named in honor of Frederick Douglass. Originally established by the Constitution as a place to hold the seat of government, the growth of the area and increasing demands for congressional representation ushered in the 40th and 59th Amendments. Comprised of the cities of Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria, as well as the counties of Anacostia County, Glover County, Washington County, and Arlington County, it straddles the Potomac River in a square ten miles on each side.

    The state government of the Douglass Commonwealth has been criticized for giving preferential treatment to the lands on the north side of the Potomac - the City Washington is allowed two city councilmembers and three city delegates compared to the one city councilmember and two city delegates awarded to Georgetown and Alexandria, as well as the fact that three of DC's four counties are on the north side. DC has voted for the Republican Party in every presidential election since it was allowed to vote following the 40th Amendment, and its state government has been dominated by Republicans as well. Interestingly, there are three explicitly independent/non-partisan positions within the state government - the Council Chairman of the Governing Council, who is appointed by the President; the House Speaker of the House of Delegates; and the Public Works Commissioner of the Executive Board, who is traditionally a member of the Army Corps of Engineers.
     
    US Constitution Amendments
  • Amendments to the US Constitution:

    #1-10 -
    Bill of Rights (1791)
    #11 -
    State sovereign immunity (1795)
    #12 -
    Revision of presidential/vice-presidential elections (1804)
    #13 -
    Prohibition of those who fight duels from holding public office (1858)
    #14 -
    Codifies presidential succession (President -> Vice President -> President pro tempore of the Senate -> House Speaker -> Secretaries) (1866)
    #15 -
    Abolition of slavery (1867)
    #16 -
    Defining citizenship, birthright citizenship (1868)
    #17 -
    Prohibits denial of right to vote based on color and race (1869)
    #18 -
    Prohibits discrimination based on color and race (1872)
    #19 -
    Prohibits denial of right to vote based on literacy tests and poll taxes (1875)
    #20 -
    Bans public funds for religious institutions, ostensibly prohibits discrimination based on religion (1876)
    #21 -
    Strips citizenship from those who accept titles of nobility (1879)
    #22 -
    Allows for the federal government to dissolve states back into territories (1883)
    #23 -
    Prohibition of former Confederates from holding public office (1885)
    #24 -
    Creation of Special Administrative Regions for post-Confederate states, defines the relationship of First Nations with the federal government, First Nation peoples gain US citizenship, creation of reserved state and free state designations (1886)
    #25 -
    Prohibits denial of right to vote to unmarried property-owning women (1890)
    #26 -
    Congressional salary changes wait until next election (1900)
    #27 -
    Regulation of Congressional apportionment (1901)
    #28 -
    Prohibits denial of right to vote based on sex and gender (1902)
    #29 -
    Income tax (1902)
    #30 -
    Direct election of US Senators, secret ballot (1903)
    #31 -
    Prohibits child labor, contract protection (1911)
    #32 -
    Prohibits sale/manufacture of alcohol (1924)
    #33 -
    Changes presidential inauguration to January 22nd (1931)
    #34 -
    Permits labor unions to exist and the right to strike (1931)
    #35 -
    Anti-Polygamy Amendment, paves way for Utah’s admission (1934)
    #36 -
    Repeal of Amendment #32 (Prohibits sale/manufacture of alcohol) (1935)
    #37 -
    Limits US House of Reps to 8 times size of Senate, supersedes Amendment #27 (1947)
    #38 -
    Addresses filling a vacant Vice Presidential position and presidential disability (1947)
    #39 -
    Term limits for president (2), senators (4), and representatives (12) (1962)
    #40 -
    First DC status modification (star added to flag, 1 voting representative, no senators, 3 electoral votes) (1963)
    #41-50 - Second Bill of Rights
    #41 -
    Prohibits denial of right to vote based on social/monetary status, voting age to 18 (1976)
    #42 -
    National minimum wage tied to inflation (1976)
    #43 -
    Prohibits discrimination based on sex and gender (1976)
    #44 -
    Codifying victim’s rights (1976)
    #45 -
    Social Security, Department of Social Welfare (1976)
    #46 -
    Universal health care, Department of Public Health (1976)
    #47 -
    American National Higher Education System, Department of Education (1976)
    #48 -
    Right to affordable housing, Department of Housing and Development (1976)
    #49 -
    Trust-busting, federal power against monopolies, worker’s freedom from unfair competition, right to work (1976)
    #50 -
    Federal protection for abortion, maternity leave, and mandated vacations (1976)
    #51 -
    Definition of a corporation and a person (1987)
    #52 -
    Protection of gay marriage (1988)
    #53 -
    Single-subject rule for federal laws (1988)
    #54 -
    Term limits for Supreme Court Justices (24 years) (1989) [first proposed in 1934]
    #55 -
    Election Day and Voting Day are national holidays, standardization and oversight for electoral districts (1989) [parts proposed in 1934]
    #56 -
    Abolition of the death penalty, except for treason (1991)
    #57 -
    Codification of the executive order (2002)
    #58 -
    Continuity of Government procedure (2002)
    #59 -
    Second DC status modification (name change to Douglass Commonwealth, 2 voting senators, 2 voting representatives, 4 electoral votes) (2007)
    #60 -
    Incorporated territories gain one voting senator, one voting representative, and two electoral votes each; limits US House of Reps to 10 times size of Senate before incorporated territories and DC are added, supersedes Amendment #37 (2011)
    #61 -
    Limitation of the Supreme Court to seven members (down from 15) (2018)
    #62 -
    Presidential Ethics codification (2037)
    #63 -
    Campaign finance reform (2038)
    #64 -
    Abolition of the Electoral College, replacement by two-round runoff (2038)
    #65 -
    Repeal of Amendment #2 (Right to keep and bear arms) (2040)


    Teller Amendments: (proposed but never accepted)
    Congressional apportionment follows citizens in a state rather than residents (2033)
    Illegality of flag burning (2033)
    Special interest groups may gain non voting Congressional representation. proprietorial constituencies allowed (2033)
    Partial repeal of Amendment #16 (birthright citizenship) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #21 (titles of nobility) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #24 (reserved/free states) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #29 (Income tax) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #39 (Term limits) (2033)
    Partial repeal of Amendment #50 (Abortion protection) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #57 (executive order codification) (2033)
    Repeal of Amendment #61 (Supreme Court size limitation) (2033)
     
    US Cabinet
  • Positions of the United States Cabinet:
    • Secretary of State [1789]
    • Secretary of the Treasury [1789]
    • Secretary of War [1789]
    • Attorney General {Department of Justice} [1789]
    • Postmaster General [1792]
    • Secretary of the Navy [1798]
    • Secretary of the Interior [1850]
    • Secretary of Agriculture [1867]
    • Secretary of Commerce and Trade [1894] {adds “and Trade” in 1981}
    • Secretary of Labor [1902]
    • Secretary of Budget Management [1923]
    • Secretary of Public Works [1934]
    • Secretary of Records [1934]
    • Secretary of Business and Industry [1934]
    • Secretary of Strategic Resources [1950]
    • Secretary of the Air Force [1950]
    • Secretary of Peace [1963]
    • Secretary of Exploration [1963]
    • Secretary of Transportation [1966]
    • Secretary of Energy [1966]
    • Secretary of Social Welfare [1976]
    • Secretary of Housing and Development [1976]
    • Secretary of Education [1976]
    • Surgeon General {Department of Public Health} [1976]
    • Secretary of Environmental Protection [1981]
    • Secretary of Veterans Affairs [1981]
    • Inspector General {Department of Investigation} [2002]
    • Secretary of Communications and Information [2002]
    • Director General {Department of Intelligence} [2002]
    • Secretary of Defense and Security [2002]
    • Secretary of Immigration [2002]
    • Secretary of Emergencies [2002]
    • Secretary of Technology [2011]
    • Secretary of Culture [2018]
    • Other non-secretary positions:
      • White House Chief of Staff
      • Counselor to the President
      • Ambassador to the World Council
     
    US States/Territories
  • TFR4 US States Labeled.png

    States and Territories of the United States of America:
    1. Delaware (1787) [DE - Dover] (First State)​
    2. Pennsylvania (1787) [PA - Harrisburg] (Keystone State)​
    3. New Jersey (1787) [NJ - Trenton] (Cornerstone State)​
    4. Georgia (1788) [GA - Macon] {SAR #4} {national state} (Peach State)​
    5. Connecticut (1788) [CT - Hartford/New Haven] (Constitution State)​
    6. Massachusetts (1788) [MA - Boston] (Bay State)​
    7. Maryland (1788) [MD - Annapolis] (Monumental State)​
    8. South Carolina (1788) [SC - Columbia] {SAR #4} {free state} (Palmetto State)​
    9. New Hampshire (1788) [NH - Concord] (Granite State)​
    10. Virginia (1788) [VA - Richmond] {SAR #1} {national state} (Old Dominion)​
    11. New York (1788) [NY - Albany] (Empire State)​
    12. North Carolina (1789) [NC - Raleigh] {SAR #1} {national state} (Turpentine State)​
    13. Rhode Island (1790) [RI - Providence/Newport] (Ocean State)​
    14. Vermont (1791) [VT - Montpelier] (Green Mountain State)​
    15. Kentucky (1792) [KY - Bowling Green] {SAR #2} {national state} (Bluegrass State)​
    16. Tennessee (1796) [TN - Nashville] {SAR #2} {national state} (Volunteer State)​
    17. Ohio (1803) [OH - Columbus] (Buckeye State)​
    18. Louisiana (1812) [LA - Baton Rouge] {SAR #3} {free state} (Bayou State)​
    19. Indiana (1816) [IN - Indianapolis] (Hoosier State)​
    20. Mississippi (1817) [MS - Tupelo] {SAR #6} {free state} (Magnolia State)​
    21. Illinois (1818) [IL - Springfield] (Prairie State)​
    22. Alabama (1819) [AL - Decatur] {SAR #6} {free state} (Defender State)​
    23. Maine (1820) [ME - Augusta] (Pine Tree State)​
    24. Missouri (1821) [MO - Jefferson City] (Gateway State)​
    25. Arkansas (1836) [AR - Little Rock] {SAR #3} {national state} (Razorback State)​
    26. Michigan (1837) [MI - Lansing] (Wolverine State)​
    27. Florida (1845) [FL - Tallahassee] {SAR #5} {national state} (Gulf State)​
    28. Iowa (1846) [IA - Iowa City] (Hawkeye State)​
    29. Wisconsin (1848) [WI - Madison] (Badger State)​
    30. Minnesota (1858) [MN - Saint Paul] (North Star State)​
    31. Oregon (1863) [OR - Salem] (Beaver State)​
    32. Kansas (1863) [KS - Topeka] (Wheat State)​
    33. Kanawha (1864) [KW - Wheeling] (Coal State)​
    34. Nebraska (1868) [NE - Omaha] (Blackwater State)​
    35. Arapaho (1876) [AP - Denver City] (Centennial State)​
    36. Tacoma (1880) [TA - Olympia] (Evergreen State)​
    37. Texas (1885) [TX - Austin] {SAR #7} {national state} (Lone Star State)​
    38. Dakota (1890) [DA - Rapid City] {reserved state} (Sioux State)​
    39. Pembina (1890) [PM - Yankton] (Flickertail State)​
    40. Absaroka (1890) [AB - Tomah {Helena}] (Rough Rider State)​
    41. Laramie (1890) [LM - Casper] (Hot Springs State)​
    42. Shoshone (1890) [SO - Boise] (Gem State)​
    43. Kootenai (1892) [KT - Spokane] {reserved state} (Treasure State)​
    44. Eureka (1896) [ER - Santa Rosa] (Golden State)​
    45. Sierra (1899) [SR - Grand Junction] (Mountain State)​
    46. California (1900) [CA - Palo Alto] (Bear State)​
    47. Cimarron (1903) [CI - Santa Fe] {SAR #8} (Dusty State)​
    48. Vancouver (1905) [VN - Douglas {Victoria}] (Picture State)​
    49. Nevada (1906) [NV - Carson City] (Silver State)​
    50. Mescalero (1909) [ML - El Paso] {SAR #8} (Sandy State)​
    51. Sequoyah (1909) [SQ - Broken Arrow] {SAR #8} {reserved state} (Memory State)​
    52. New Mexico (1918) [NM - Flagstaff] {reserved state} (Copper State)​
    53. Pimeria (1920) [PM - Tucson] {reserved state} (Coyote State)​
    54. Colorado (1928) [CO - San Diego] {SAR #10} {free state} (Sunshine State)​
    55. Cuba (1928) [CB - Havana] {SAR #5} {free state} (Sugar State)​
    56. Utah (1935) [UT - Donner City] {SAR #9} {national state} (Beehive State)​
    57. Hawaii (1965) [HI - Honolulu] {reserved state} (Aloha State)​
    58. Samoa (1966) [SA - Apia] {reserved state} (Motu o Fiafiaga, Islands of Paradise)​
    59. Douglass Commonwealth (1801/1963/2007) [DC - Washington] (Capital State)​
    60. Isthmian Canal Trust Zone (1912) [IS - Colón]​
    61. Territorial Commonwealth of Greenland (1944) [GR - Nuuk] (Land of the Midnight Sun)​
    62. Territorial Commonwealth of Guam and the Marianas (1960) [GM - Hagatna] (Tano y Chamorro, Land of the Chamorro)​
    63. Territorial Commonwealth of West Micronesia (1960) [WM - Palikir] {FS Micronesia}​
    64. Territorial Commonwealth of East Micronesia (1960) [EM - Majuro] {Marshall Islands}​
    65. Pacific Military Defense District (1960) [PC - Midway]​
    66. Natural Protectorate of Minor Pacific Outlying Islands and Atolls (1960) [PI - Wake Island]​
     
    Last edited:
    First and Second American Civil Wars, Confederate Civil War
  • TFR4 First_Second American_Confederate Civil Wars.png

    Key events of the First Civil War, through the seasons:
    • Secession Summer (1863)
      • Failure of the First Everett Compromise (May 15)
      • Secession of South Carolina (June 2)
      • Declaration of the Confederate States (June 15)
      • Opening of the Provisional Congress (July 4)
    • Fall of the Union (1863)
      • Resignation of President John Breckinridge (Sept 1)
      • Ascension of President Simon Cameron, Siege of Fort Pulaski, Start of the Fortress Campaign (Sept 2)
      • Great Goldenrod Hunt (Sept 3 - Oct 11)
      • President Simon Cameron's Call for Volunteers (Sept 16)
      • Secession of the Upper South (Sept 20)
      • First Missouri Campaign (Oct 20 - Nov 29)
        • Battle of the Arsenal (Oct 28)
      • Fall of Fort Monroe, End of the Fortress Campaign (Nov 7)
    • Winter of Discontent (1863-1864)
      • First Confluence Campaign (Dec 10 - Jan 30)
        • First Kentucky Bend (Dec 19)
        • Second Kentucky Bend (Jan 17)
      • Failure of the Second Everett Compromise (Feb 8)
      • Great Manhattan Riot (Feb 14 - Feb 20)
    • Spring of Blood (1864)
      • Rock Creek Campaign (March 15 - April 6)
        • Battle of Rock Creek (April 2)
        • Death of Secretary of War James Cameron (April 3)
      • Kanawha Campaign (March 19 - May 20)
        • Battle of Rich Mountain (April 21)
      • Second Missouri Campaign (March 23 - May 30)
        • Battle of Independence (April 14)
        • Battle of Mine Creek (May 8)
        • Battle of Springfield (May 26)
      • Second Confluence Campaign (March 24 - May 12)
        • Third Kentucky Bend (April 8)
        • Fourth Kentucky Bend (May 1)
      • Invitation of the Great Powers (April 10)
      • Allegheny Railroad Scandal (April 20)
      • Impeachment of President Simon Cameron (May 1)
      • Removal of President Simon Cameron (May 3)
      • Ascension of President John Crittenden (May 4)
      • President John Crittenden's Further Bloodshed Speech (May 10)
      • President John Crittenden's American Cousins Speech (May 28)
    • Separation Summer (1864)
      • Intervention of the Great Powers, Ceasefire declared (June 1)
      • Clement Vallandingham's Promises of Peace Speech (June 11)
      • Stephen Douglas' Popular Will Speech (June 15)
      • President John Crittenden's Confederation Speech (June 24)
      • First Treaty of Washington signed (July 5)
      • Attempted impeachment of President John Crittenden (July 7)
      • Abraham Lincoln's Second Revolution Speech (July 9)
      • Thaddeus Stevens' Carthage Speech (July 14)
     
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    Battle of Rock Creek
  • TFR4 Battle of Rock Creek.png
    Battle of Rock Creek (Pierce’s Mill)

    With the resumption of the campaigning season in March 1864, both sides began to look for a knock-out punch. For the Confederates, this meant a strike at the capital, Washington DC, with the goal of scaring US President Simon Cameron into, at last, recognizing the Confederacy as an independent nation. For the Union, this meant defeating the Confederates on the field of battle, destroying their sense of invincibility, and thereby negating any proposals by France and Britain for intervention. In the end, while the aims of both sides were never quite realized, the final disposition greatly favored the Confederacy and allowed for their independence to be all but assured.

    Beauregard’s Army of Virginia struck first, departing its base at Centreville on March 15th. Sending Magruder’s Division to feint at Alexandria, Beauregard crossed the Potomac at White’s Ford near Leesburg on March 21st. Johnston, operating in the Shenandoah Valley, was ordered by President Davis to join Beauregard, and he departed with the Army of the Shenandoah from Harper’s Ferry soon after word reached him of Beauregard’s successful crossing. While Beauregard would sorely need the troops from Johnston’s army during the campaign, Johnston himself would prove to be a mistake, for the frequent quarrels between the two men threatened imminent destruction upon their combined armies. On the Union side, Secretary of War Cameron, the de facto commander of the entire Union war effort and also the commander of the Army of the Tiber, had originally meticulously planned for an offensive towards Centreville, a movement he began in response to Magruder’s feint. But with Beauregard’s crossing, the threat to Washington became all too real, forcing Cameron to withdraw from Alexandria and take up position in Georgetown. Beauregard’s intentions at first were unknown to the Union, for he sent cavalry squadrons to tear up the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, signalling a possibility that Baltimore could be under threat. As such, Cameron put Reynolds’ Army of the Susquehanna, stationed in Baltimore, at high alert, and moved Garland’s Army of the Potomac from where it had been gathering opposite of Aquia Landing back towards the capital.

    Beauregard scattered a Union picket force led by John Gibbon at Gaithersburg, careful to make it seem to the retreating Federals that his overall movements were towards Baltimore. Instead, Beauregard swung to Rockville and advanced down Rock Creek, bee-lining to Washington. It is by this point, March 28th, that Cameron came to his senses (thanks to fortuitous reports from Gibbon who was not fooled by Beauregard) and requested Reynolds to put his army on a train for Washington. As well, it is by this point that Johnston’s army, tired from several forced marches, reached Beauregard, and planning began for the assault into Washington.

    Standing in the way of the Confederates was Fort Pennsylvania, built on the highest natural point in the entire District. Despite being one of the largest forts in the entire Fort Circle, Cameron had moved much of his forces to a newly built strongpoint centered on St. Alban’s Church closer to Georgetown, essentially ceding the fort to the Confederates. Had Cameron held on to Fort Pennsylvania, it is likely that the decisive battle he and his brother were hoping for would have happened there. Upon taking the fort, Beauregard sent Johnston south to Fort Gaines in order to trick Cameron into thinking he intended to attack Georgetown, and marched the rest of his army east, planning to cross Rock Creek and approach Washington from the north. Beauregard had no idea that Reynolds and Garland were streaming into the area, with advance forces taking positions near Fort Massachusetts. The Army of Virginia arrived at Rock Creek near the crossing of Pierce’s Mill as night fell on April 1st, pitching their tents on the west bank despite Beauregard’s insistence to Theophilus Holmes that the east bank be claimed before the army went to sleep. This delay allowed for the 6th Division (Hooker) to march forth from Columbia College and claim the east bank before sunrise on April 2nd.

    Beauregard’s crossing of Rock Creek, undertaken at dawn on the 2nd with the promise of a hot breakfast after (presumably roasted on the charred timbers of the White House) immediately was contested by Hooker’s men, who themselves had barely had time to rest. At this point, Reynolds roused his tired divisions and ordered them to march to the aid of Hooker, telling his commanders to “march to the sound of guns”. Cameron, still thinking that the main attack would be aimed at Georgetown, fell back from his position at St. Alban’s Church under fears that the attack at Pierce’s Mill was instead Beauregard crossing the Creek from the east side, when in reality it was the opposite. Johnston, still holding Fort Gaines, noticed Cameron’s maneuver and petitioned Beauregard to move to Georgetown to take advantage of Cameron’s flight. However, Beauregard, who by this point had become quite irritated by Hooker’s resistance, instead ordered Johnston to join him and help him force the Creek.

    By this point the fighting had reached such an intensity that the water of Rock Creek had become nearly entirely filled with blood, and the tired soldiers of Hooker could no longer withstand Beauregard’s attacks, and when Garland himself was shot (after uttering a famous last line calling for his men to take back the east bank) the Union lines began to crack. Thanks to an impromptu bayonet charge led by Lieutenant Colonel Joshua Chamberlain of the 3rd Maine, the first of Reynolds’ troops to arrive on the scene, the Federals did not break, and were able to in fact push the Confederates back across the Creek in an attack that shocked Beauregard in its intensity. Reynolds, taking overall command after Garland’s death and Cameron’s inability to do anything, ordered his soldiers to continue the momentum and cross the Creek themselves, an action that his tired troops were unable to fulfill. For much of this second phase of the battle (the first phase being the initial attack to Chamberlain’s rescue) the battle seesawed back and forth across the Creek, as charges and counter-charges proved unable to dislodge either side. It is said that by the end of this second phase, one could walk across the Creek without getting their feet wet, for such was the number of dead and wounded strewn across the battlefield. It can be astonishing to military students that such attacks continued to be launched despite the relative closeness of another crossing of the Creek just to the north of the battlefield and near to the Union base of Fort Massachusetts. It should be noted that Philip Kearny, the highly aggressive Union general, had in effect assumed command of Garland’s army and, despite Reynolds being in nominal command, was the true commander of this second phase (until his death around noon). Additionally, with Cameron’s army stuck in Georgetown, the Union was technically outnumbered, and any flanking maneuver would have weakened their lines below any acceptable margin.

    At long last, following hours of pleading, Cameron moved his army up Rockville Road, reclaiming his position at St. Alban’s Church and beginning a march to Tennallytown. This maneuver threatened to encircle the Confederates, and it was only the stout resistance of Bee’s Division (which saw the death of Bee) that Beauregard was able to withdraw from the battlefield. The third phase of the battle occurred as night fell, with the 2nd Division (Porter) launching numerous attacks on hastily devised earthworks along the intersection of Rockville Road and Pierce’s Mill Road to no avail. With their position now untenable due to Cameron’s movements to the south and Reynolds approaching from the east, Beauregard and Johnston agreed to withdraw completely, setting fire to Tennallytown and Fort Pennsylvania as they left. After a rearguard action at Old Stone Tavern that saw the 1st Division (Sumner) trashed and Sumner and Cameron both slain, the Union gave up on the pursuit and allowed Beauregard and Johnston to cross the Potomac back into Virginia uncontested.

    While the actions at Pierce’s Mill was an undeniable Union victory, it left a foul taste in President Cameron’s mouth. Close to two-fifths of all the dead from the First Civil War came from this one battle, and while Beauregard slugged it out with Kearny, Magruder had taken Alexandria and the heights at Arlington and began a bombardment of Washington itself. What the French and British ambassadors took from the overall campaign was less of the bloodbath along Rock Creek and more the image of downtown Washington in flames, especially after a lucky shot destroyed the ironclad USS Minotaur in one spectacular moment. As well, the death of President Cameron’s brother deeply impacted the President, who fell deeply into grief. His impeachment and removal a month later stems entirely from his reaction to Rock Creek, as he ordered the ceasing of all military activity (an order ignored by Nathaniel Lyon who was deep into the Second Missouri Campaign) and effectively recognized the independence of the Confederacy. Crittenden, when he assumed the presidency, found his hands tied as a result of this and was forced to go along with the peace negotiations (though how forced Crittenden actually felt is hotly debated), leading to the (albeit ultimately temporary) disunion of the Union.

    The Battle of Rock Creek has many options for speculative historians to indulge with. Had the Army of the Tiber marched north soon after the battle began then it is possible Beauregard’s command could have been entirely encircled, allowing for the destruction of Johnston’s army as well. Had Hooker granted his men some hours of sleep then Beauregard could have crossed Rock Creek and forced battle elsewhere. Had Cameron kept Reynolds in Baltimore, then Beauregard could have likely marched into Washington, captured President Cameron, and dictated Confederate independence on the steps of the US Capitol itself. Had Chamberlain been slain in battle would have prevented his rise to the presidency, his selection of Ely S Parker as his vice, and quite possibly American intervention in the Confederate Civil War, making it possible for the Confederacy to survive long beyond its apparent expiration date, to the profound detriment of all.


    ORDER OF BATTLE FOR ROCK CREEK

    UNION:​

    ARMY OF THE TIBER (James Cameron)
    • 1st Division (Edwin Sumner)
    • 2nd Division (Fitz John Porter)
    • 3rd Division (Irvin McDowell)
    • 4th Division (Samuel Heintzelman)
    ARMY OF THE POTOMAC (John Garland)
    • 5th Division (Philip Kearny)
    • 6th Division (Joseph Hooker)
    • 7th Division (William Franklin)
    ARMY OF THE SUSQUEHANNA (John F Reynolds)
    • 8th Division (George Meade)
    • 9th Division (John Sedgwick)
    • 10th Division (Erasmus Keyes)

    CONFEDERATE:​

    ARMY OF VIRGINIA (PGT Beauregard)
    • 1st Corps (Nathan Evans)
      • 1st Division (James Longstreet)
      • 2nd Division (John Magruder) [detached and operating in Alexandria/Arlington]
    • 2nd Corps (Theophilus Holmes)
      • 1st Division (John G Walker)
      • 2nd Division (Cadmus Wilcox)
    • 3rd Corps (GW Smith)
      • 1st Division (Robert Rodes)
      • 2nd Division (DH Hill)
    ARMY OF THE SHENANDOAH (Joseph E Johnston)
    • 1st Division (Barnard Bee)
    • 2nd Division (Richard Garnett)
    • 3rd Division (Edward Johnson)
     
    Last edited:
    American Internal Conflicts
  • When had the rebellions occurred?
    These are the more famous ones, with well over 5,000 deaths each:
    TFR4 American Internal Conflicts.png

    The Eden Rising / Governor's Feud was the first major rebellion in the Southern Region following the end of the Second Civil War. It came as a result of Federal efforts to dismantle the former Confederate executive capital of New Eden (once Huntsville, Alabama). Governor Joseph F Johnston refused to allow Federal troops near the city, an act of defiance supported by Georgia Governor William Yates Atkinson. Both were former Confederate officials that managed to cheat around the restrictions of the 23rd Amendment which prohibited former Confederates from holding political office. As such, President Benjamin Harrison supported a plan to include Alabama as an additional free state alongside Mississippi, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Cuba, and placed noted African-American leader Booker T Washington as the Governor of the Free State of Alabama. Bloodshed soon reigned throughout Alabama as wealthy whites saw their properties confiscated and redistributed for a second time, though due to the heavy losses inflicted on the Southern Region from the Second Civil War, things did not spiral completely out of control. Governor Johnston fled to Mexico, while Governor Atkinson was forced to resign from office, and both were barred from holding office ever again.

    The Great Southern Rebellion was the second major rebellion in the Southern Region. Launched just days after the death and funeral of the Last Confederate States President, John Reagan, the rebellion was the culmination of two decades worth of planning and preparation. Pro-Confederate rebels seized control of Austin, Little Rock, Macon, Nashville, and Bowling Green, while efforts in North Carolina and Virginia were foiled by widespread New Regulator and Readjuster popular support respectively. Reprisals were quickly launched into the free states, seeking to do as much damage as possible before Federal troops arrived. Luckily, the Regional Defense Brigades of the free states were able to form up into cohesive units thanks to the week of celebrations that occurred following the fall of the last non-free state capital, and were able to prevent the worst massacres. Compounding this was the reliance on two decade old military equipment on the part of the rebels, equipment that was woefully out of date compared to that wielded by the RDBs. The Rebellion prevented President Albert Beveridge from declaring an end to Reconstruction, which ended up lasting for two more decades.

    The Dixie Spring/Autumn Period and the Years of Lead were the third major rebellion in the Southern Region. Despite the widespread support that populist President Henry Longmile had throughout the South, having been the Governor of Louisiana for a record twelve years, there was still lingering resentment over his perceived inability to truly bring the United States out of the Great Depression. His assassination during the closing ceremonies of the XII Summer Olympiad was the spark needed to launch a resurrection of the Confederate States. 1942-1943 is typically termed as the Dixie Spring Period, where rebels achieved a high level of success in spite of long odds. 1943-1944 is termed as the Dixie Autumn Period, where Federal troops at last restored order and crushed the major holdouts. Until 1948 the conflict is termed as the Years of Lead, where fanatical neo-Confederates waged terrorist campaigns across the United States, gunning down congressmen and other American notables in confrontations that often ended in suicide. Order was finally restored only after President Matthias Hull flooded the South with Federal troops following the assassination of Vice President Ulysses Hanford, the first African-American to hold that title.

    The Weeks of Rage were the fourth major rebellion in the Southern Region, occurring in opposition to President Mary Margaret Wesington-Smith's Second Bill of Rights, which the neo-Confederates of the White Legion perceived to be rabidly communistic. Unlike the other major rebellions, this one had no real central organizing structure, for the White Legion was deeply decentralized, a trait acquired by all neo-Confederate organizations following the Spring/Autumn Period. This rebellion was also a manifestation of popular anger due to the ongoing effects of the Sable Depression and the disruptions in the global oil market as a result of the Egyptian Civil War. Thanks to the rapid response of Federal troops, who by this point were well-versed in anti-neo-Confederate warfare, this rebellion only lasted for six weeks with comparably fewer overall casualties.

    The Third American Civil War and the Troubles were the fifth major rebellion in the Southern Region, and the first to gain widespread support elsewhere in the United States. Due to the efforts of populist President David Teller to undermine the American democratic republic, anti-government insurgents were able to nearly decapitate the US government in the Battle of Washington following the contested 2036 Election. The rapid deployment of Federal troops stemmed the bloodletting, but only after half of Congress had been murdered. In a repeat of the Spring/Autumn Period and the Years of Lead, major insurgent resistance crumbled in the face of overwhelming odds, but bombing and shooting campaigns by lone wolf insurgents continued for over six years.
     
    Third American Civil War
  • TFR4 Third Civil War.png


    "At what point then is the approach of danger to be expected? I answer, if it ever reach us, it must spring up amongst us. It cannot come from abroad. If destruction be our lot, we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of freemen, we must live through all time, or die by suicide."
    - Abraham Lincoln, 1838 Lyceum Address
     
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    Republic of Hawaii, Republic of Texas
  • The Annexed Republics of the United States, Part 1 - Hawaii and Texas
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    TFR4 Republic of Hawaii.png
    TFR4 Republic of Texas.png
     
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    Mormon Wars, American Southwest
  • The Annexed Republics of the United States, Part 2 - The Mormon States
    -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-

    TFR4 Mormon Wars _ Holy League.png



    The American Southwest, 1882:
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    TFR4 Southwest Republics 1882.png
     
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