Chapter 725: The Roman Eagle Reborn?
Chapter 725: The Roman Eagle Reborn?

While the Fight in East Africa was supposed to be over for the Allies roughly 8,000 Italian and a few Royal French soldiers their native auxiliaries and supporters under command of Lieutenant Amedeo Guillet in Eritrea, Captain Francesco De Martini, Navy Commander Paolo Aloisi, Captain Leopoldo Rizzo, Colonel Di Marco in Ogaden, Colonel Ruglio in Dankalia, Blackshirt General Muratori, Blackshirt officer De Varda, Blackshirt officer Luigi Cristiani, Major Lucchetti, Major Gobbi, Colonel Nino Tramonti, Colonel Calderari and Ascari officer Hamid Idris Awate. Their man operations were in Allied occupied Ethiopia (Italian East Africa, or Africa Orientale Italiana for the Axis Central Powers), but some of these resistance movements also spilled over into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Kenya. Italian forces had captured parts of the local railways and minor towns (as far north as Port Sudan) before they were pushed back and beaten into Italian East Africa. Against them the Sudan Defence Force (SDF) were combined with the Indian 1st Horse to form the Gazelle Forces and the Gideon Force that fought Italians and local native rebels. Parts of this forces would later turn westwards and fight alongside the Free French, British and American Forces along the Gold Coast, French West Africa (Chad, Niger, Congo, Gabun and Ivory Coast) and even participated in the the campaigns along the southwestern and western campaign along the African Coast were they participated in a couple of battles. Along the coast they were supported by the Royal Navy and the United States Navy with battleships and landing forces. Therefore they were good supported and supplied in these campaigns against local German, Fascist French, Spanish and Italian Forces, but the massive support and reinforcements from the Americans, British and French during this operations.

The same was not true for the poor British Forces in Kenya, where the British massively conscripted natives for the British Army and over the course of the war around 98,000 Kenyans would be enlisted as Askari into the King's African Rifles, representing 30% of the unit's total strength. The soldiers from Kenya, of whom most were conscripted, were overwhelmingly African, and the policy of racial segregation in the British Army meant that they were commanded by white officers and Non-Comissioned Officers. Blacks were not able to rise above the rank of Warrent Officer. Kenyan soldiers served in the successful East African Campaign against the Italians, as well as the invasion of Fascist French Madagascar, alongside forces from West Africa. Some individual Kenyans also served in the Royal navy and the Royal Air Forces. They fought regular Italian Forces as far as Buna 100 km south of the border to Italian East Africa. When the Italians withdrew back to Italian East Africa the Allies believed Kenia to be secure, but Italian forces fleeing here allied with the local Uma Uma (which means "get out get out", or Ma Umau meaning "Our Grandfathers") Movement made up by Kikuyu people, Meru people, Embu people, Kamba people and Maasai people that fought the British Authority in the Kenya Colony, forming the Uma Uma Army, that was officially soon known to British Authorities as the Kenya Land and Freedom Army (KLFA). Originally the British believed that crushing this rebellion would be a easy task as soon as their Italian benefactors were crushed who gave them this guns, but using Kenyans to fight a Kenyan uprising proved to be a foolish idea, as more and more conscripts of the British Army Forces in Kenya switched sides and joined the KLFA and Uma Uma to fight the racism in the army and the British rule over Kenya in general.
 
How can Russia troops from Siberia stop axis if they are needed to fight Japan?
Why not? Siberian troops OTL and TTL came from West Siberia (meanign Central Asia and northern) not the Far East were Soviet Forces remained against Japan and Manchuria for the whole war strong enought to force the Japanese to station a large portion of the Kwantung Army there too in fear of a Soviet Invasion.
 
Chapter 726: Australias Struggle
Chapter 726: Australias Struggle

As one of the first countries alongside Britain and France to declare war on the Axis Central Powers, when Prime Minister, Robert Menzies considered that the British declaration legally bound Australia, and he announced a state of war between Australia and the Axis Central Powers as a direct consequence of the British declaration. Overall more than one million Australian men served in the war out of a total population of around seven million. Although it was ill-prepared for war, the Australian government soon dispatched squadrons and personnel to serve with the Royal Air Force (RAF). The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) commenced operations against Italy in June 1940. Later that year the Australian Army fought in North Africa and later in Greece. German submarines and raiding ships operated in Australian waters throughout the war. After the outbreak of hostilities with Japan in late 1941, Japanese aircraft launched a bombing attack on the northern coastal cities of Australia and landed invasion forces in New Guinea, Darwin and the Cape York Peninsula in 1942 to 1943. Australians fought the Japanese Empire and their Co-Prosperity Sphere in South-East Asia and the South West Pacific Area, where they fought from 1941 in Malaya, Dutch East Indies, the Australian territory of New Guinea and Australia itself. This forces included Australian Militia and Soldiers alike, but other Australian forces even fought in the Middle East and North Africa against the Axis Central Powers. Those Australian forces however rioted and opposed continue fighting as long as Japanese forces were in Australia and threatened their home nation and continent directly. They proclaimed that they wished to go home and fight the Japanese and the Co-Prosperity Sphere to drive them out of Australia and secure their home continent from this foreign invasion. This leaving of Australian Forces was quickly prohibit and forbidden by the British, who feared that such a act of deserting could encourage other Commonwealth Forces to start packing and go home as well. The British mostly feared that their Indian Forces would do the same now that India was threatened by the Japanese Empire and the Co-Prosperity Sphere, were some Coprospist Sympathizers and Independence movements already sided with the Co-Prosperity Sphere and the Axis Central Powers in hopes to get the British out of India/ Raj.

The same was also true for Africa, were the British Army had also recruited many people from native, indigenous populations and were some local independence and resistance movement to British Rule or overall Colonialism hoped to gain allies inside the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere for their independence as well. In fear that some of this troops might even join the local anti-British, anti-Colonial and anti-Imperial resistance movements, the British Opposition to the Australian Forces leaving for Australia becomes all the more understandable. However in the End the British would allow the rebelling and not anymore fighting Australian Forces, as well as some Indian Forces in the Middle East and Africa to leave, but under the disguise that they were needed desperately in the campaigns against the new Japanese offensives in the Solomones, Vanatu, Fichi, New Caledonia, Assam and Bengal in 1943. Later historians reading the British Army and British Royal Navy documents would uncover that this was a lie and that the British Government was in reality more concerned about said troops joining the Axis Central Forces or some of the local anti-Allied, anti-British and anti-Colonial movements in Africa and the Middle East. In fact some of their local forces truly joined these local rebellions and independence movements as well as the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere (the later mostly Prisoners of War taken by either faction), making the British fear all the more real and legitimized in the eyes of many inside the British Government and Military, A fear that alongside local anti-British movements, rebellions and uprisings would continue way beyond the Second Great War all over the by then massively economically, financially and militarily weakened British Empire.
 
So the British are having trouble keeping enough troops fighting axis and Japan at same time plus they don't trust some of the local troops who they forced into the military not to turn against them?
 
So the British are having trouble keeping enough troops fighting axis and Japan at same time plus they don't trust some of the local troops who they forced into the military not to turn against them?
They have enought (thanks to India and Australia as well as Africa) but they don't truely trust non-British Forces by now. ^^
 
Chapter 727: Axis Central Powers Inter Continental Transport Planes and Bombers
Chapter 727: Axis Central Powers Inter Continental Transport Planes and Bombers

During the Second Great War the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere both planned inter continental transport planes (ICTP) and bombers (ICB), either to supply and reinforce their far away and isolated troop frontlines and garrisons, or bomb and destroy far away allied cities and infrastructures (mainly meaning those ones in America, as the Allies already had bases for that with England in Europa and China in Asia). With these new Americabombers or Pacificbombers the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere hoped to even the odds, as the Allied (British and American) already were able to bomb parts of Germany, Japan and the rest of the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere core regions. To archive this the German led Axis Central Powers tried out airplanes like the Junkers Ju 390, as a long-range derivative of the Junkers Ju 290 aircraft, intended to be used as a heavy transport aircraft, maritime patrol aircraft and long-range bomber. It was one of the aircraft designs submitted for the Amerika Bomber project, along with the Messerschmitt Me 264, the Focke-Wulf Ta 400 and the Heinkel He 277 and the Horthen H IX (Gotha Go 229). As the fuselage section of the Ju 390 was expanded 2.5 m (8.2 ft) for a total of length of 33.5 m (110 ft), it could reach a range of 8,000 km (4,970 mi, 4,320 nmi)and as the Ju 390 V1 with 10,000 kg (22,046 lb) typical freighter payload and 34,096 l (9,007 US gal; 7,500 imp gal) fuel at 330 km/h (210 mph; 180 kn) and 2,000 m (6,500 ft). It contained a FuG 200 Hohentwiel ASV (Air to Surface Vessel) radar and the ju's defensive armament consisting of five 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon and three 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns. Later versions would also have the 4 x MG 131 Hecklafette HL 131V quadmount manned turrets, one in tail and one in nose. The Ju 390 could also carry missiles to target enemy ground and sea forces like defensive positions, tanks and ships, including four times Henschel Hs 293, Henschel HS 294 or FX 1400 Fritz-X. The Messerschmitt Me 264 was a long-range strategic bomber that could reach 546 km/h (339 mph, 295 kn) at 36,000 kg (79,366 lb) at 6,101 m (20,015 ft), 470 km/h (290 mph; 250 kn) at 34,400 kg (75,840 lb) at 8,300 m (27,230 ft), 565 km/h (351 mph; 305 kn) at 8,300 m (27,230 ft) with GM-1 operating and had four BMW 801D (or BMW 801G) 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 1,300 kW (1,700 hp) each for take-off, 1,070 kW (1,440 hp) at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) a range of 15,000 km (9,300 mi, 8,100 nmi) 333 km/h (207 mph; 180 kn). It was armed with four 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns and two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons and could carry 3,000 kg (6,614 lb) bombload in internal bomb bay at 14,400 km (8,947 miles). 6,000 kg (13,200 lbs) bombload in internal bomb bay at 8,600 km (5,343 miles).

Then there was the Focke-Wulf Ta 400 a large six-engined heavy bomber that had a gross weight of 60,000 kg (132,277 lb) carried by a powerplant of six BMW 801D 14-cyl. air-cooled twin-row radial piston engines, 1,300 kW (1,700 hp) each and two Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engines, 8.8 kN (2,000 lbf) thrust each that allowed for a maximum speed of 720 km/h (450 mph, 390 kn) and a range of 9,000 km (5,600 mi, 4,900 nmi). It was armed with six MG 151/20 in three twin turrets, four MG 131 machine guns mounted in the tail turret and two MG 131 machine guns in two remote-controlled turrets under the nose. It could carry a load of 10,000 kg (22,000 lb) to 5,589 miles or a maximum of 24,040 kg (53,000 lb) and was developed alongside the Focke-Wulf Fw 300 that would become a very-long-range civil airliner, transport, reconnaissance aircraft and anti-ship aircraft, that would replace the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor during the last year of the Second Great War. Then there was the Heinkel He 277 was a four-engine, long-range heavy bomber design, that used two DB 610 "power system" engines, each of which consisted of two combined Daimler-Benz DB 605 engines, each DB 610 weighed 1.5 tons. Due to problems with both the DB 606 and the DB 610, the He 277 was intended to use four unitized BMW 801E 14-cylinder radial engines, each mounted in an individual nacelle and each turning a three-blade, four-meter diameter propeller. It had a maximum speed of 570 km/h at 5,700 m (354 mph at 18,700 ft) with a range of 6,000 km (3,728 mi, up to 11,100 km/6,900 mi in Amerika Bomber role) and was armed with two 20 mm (0.79 in) MG 151/20 autocannon in remotely operated, undernose Fernbedienbare Drehlafette FDL 151Z "chin" turrets, four 20 mm (0.79 in) MG 151/20 autocannon in twin dorsal turrets, one FDL-type remotely operated forward and one aft Hydraulische Drehlafette HDL 151Z hydraulically powered manned turret, two 20 mm (0.79 in) MG 151/20 autocannon in FDL-style remotely operated, ventral turret facing aft, behind bomb bay, four 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in Hecklafette HL 131V "quadmount", manned tail turret while it could carry up to 3,000 kg (6,612 lb) of offensive ordnance stores for Amerika Bomber trans-Atlantic missions, and a maximum of 5,600 kg (12,345 lb) internally for shorter ranges, with a combat radius of up to 4,300 km (2,670 mile). Nearly all of this inter continental bombers were mainly used as transport planes between the Axis Central Powers and the Co-Prosperity Sphere to transport diplomats, planes and sometimes even rare resources trough the Second Great War, as their coverage by own fighters was non-existing and their bombload was to low to promise any satisfying results. However some of the Axis Central Powers military leaders and even more on side of the Co-Prosperity Sphere suggested that the few bombers would be worth the trip to America if they would be used for biological and chemical attacks instead.
 
Chapter 728: Manchurian State Shento/ Shendo/ Shenism
Chapter 728: Manchurian State Shento/ Shendo/ Shenism

Buddhism originally arrived in in the first century as it came into contact with monks and translators coming from India and the Himalaya region, called Mahayana in it's new form. Soon during the Tang Period (618 to 907) the golden age of Dharma and Buddhism began, but in 845 persecutions from the government and financial issues like confiscated temples and their belongings weakened Buddhism severely, even if it managed to keep a strong presence in southern China. The Ch'an survives this destruction as they manage to conserve their traditions without temples and property, they became a Buddhist lay movement that formed without any church structures. During the Ming dynasty (1368 to 1662) Buddhism arose anew until the Quing Vajrayana began to influence the Imperial Court. From 1851 to 1864 the Taiping Uprising brought heavy destruction throughout the Buddhist World in China. After 1912 a increased interest in Buddhism once again grew after the Fall of the Quing and the Warlord Era and a intellectual renaissances began. Soon there were 738,000 Buddhist monks in 1930 again and said number only increased afterwards, massively encouraged and supported under Coprospism and the Co-Prosperity Sphere. A widespread return of of massive Buddhist Lay movement allowed Buddhism to increases it's influence in education, society, state value and tough meditation. These new Buddhist movements and sects were started to be used as religions by Coprospism for political and educational means, when the new Coprospist society is seen by many of them as a creation of Bodhisattva, even the killing of enemies of this society is in this circumstances seen as logical for some radical Buddhists as it spared them the suffering of living in self inflicted ignorance, poverty and pain, Their numbers would increase to around 19,451570 Buddhist Monks in former East China in the Co-Prosperity Sphere in 1986. Northeast China also had variations of the Chinese folk religion, that had distinctive cults coming from Hebei and Shandong that would be brought by Han Chinese settlers into Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang since the Qing dynasty. Most of these terminology, deities and practices that were different from those of central and southern Chinese folk religion and saw many of these patterns derive from the interaction of Han religion with Manchu shamanism, something the Japanese Empire and the later Empire of Manchuria with parts of their Coprospist government and military used to further separate Manchurian religion and with it Manchurian culture, tradition and Manchurias Empire as a whole from the Rest of China. In this new Northeastern Chinese Folk Religion, prominence was given to the worship of zoomorphic deities, of a "totemic" significance. In the region the terms shen 神 ("god") and xian 仙 ("immortal being") are synonymous. Figures of ritual specialists or shamans perform various ritual functions for groups of believers and local communities, including chūmǎxiān (出馬仙 "riding for the immortals"), dances, healing, exorcism, divination, and communication with ancestors

At the same time Manchu folk religion as a ethnic religion was practiced by most of the Manchu people, the major-Tungusic group, in China. The Japanese however claimed that they and their Chosen/ Korean brothers were closer to the Yamato/ Japanese then the Sino-Chinese and Tibetan people of mainland China. This folk religion was also called Manchu shamanism by virtue of the word "shaman" being originally from Tungusic šamán ("man of knowledge"), later applied by Western scholars to similar religious practices in other cultures. It is an animistic and polytheistic religion, believing in several gods and spirits, but have similarly like Tengrism a universal sky-God called Apka Enduri ("God of Heaven") which is the all life and creation. Deities (enduri) enliven every aspect of nature, and the worship of these gods is believed to bring favour, health and prosperity. Many of the deities are original Manchu kins' ancestors, and people with the same surname are generated by the same god. Shamans are persons of unusual ability, strength and sensitivity, capable of perception and prediction of the ways of the gods. They are endowed with the social function to conduct the sacrificial ceremonies and approach the deities asking them intervention or protection. Because of their abilities the shamans are people of great authority and prestige. Usually, every Manchu kin has its own shaman. Manchu folk religious rites were standardized by the Qianlong Emperor (1736–96) in the "Manchu Sacrificial Ritual to the Gods and Heaven" (Manjusai wecere metere kooli bithe), a manual published in Manchu in 1747 and in Chinese (Manzhou jishen jitian dianli) in 1780. With the conquest of imperial power in China (Qing dynasty) the Manchu people gradually adopted Chinese language and assimilated into the bigger Chinese religion, although Manchu folk religion persists with a distinct character within broader Chinese religion. Study of Manchu religion usually distinguishes two types of ritual, "domestic" and "primitive", which can be performed in two cultic settings, "imperial" and "common". The domestic ritual primarily involves the sacrifices for the progenitors of lineages and is the most important, while the primitive ritual involves the sacrifices for zoomorphic gods. The ritual manual of Qianlong was an attempt to adapt all kins' ritual traditions to the style of the imperial kin's ritual tradition. This was only partially effective as common cults were preserved and revitalised over time. The ancestral ritual is the same in the common and imperial cults. It is composed of three main moments: the dawn sacrifice (Chinese: chaoji), the sunset sacrifice (xiji) and the "light-extinguishing" sacrifice (beidingji) held at midnight. Both common and imperial rituals make use of the gods' pole (Chinese: 神杆 shéngān or 神柱 shénzhù, Manchu: šomo) as a means of establishing connection with Heaven. While the domestic ritual is bright and harmonious, the primitive or "wild" ritual is associated with darkness and mystery. Deities involved are not those of the sky, the earth or the ancestors, but are zoomorphic chthonic deities. With its reliance on techniques of ecstasy, the primitive ritual had long been discouraged by the court (Hong Taiji proscribed it as early as 1636).

Similar to Japanese Shinto and Chosen Shindo/ Shingyo this Manchurian version of State Shénto, known as Shento/ Shendo/ Shenism was seen as in the same religious tradition of Asia as other “native” Asian shamanistic and polytheistic ethnic religions. Under Manchurian Emperor Puyi the first (founding) phase of Shenism began (1938 to 1944) that saw the establishment of structures like under Japanese State Shintoism, with the Manchu Emperor as the highest priest and a living god/ spirit/ deity as well. Like Japanese State Shinto, local Buddhist branches were incorporated into this new Manchu state religion. Unified in virtue and heart, the Manchu copied many things of the Japanese State, Culture and it's State Religion, often inspired or pressured by Japanese advisors. Some major Shinto Gods like Amaterasu and Bishamon were incorporated into the new Manchurian State Religion of Shento/ Shendo as pictures of the God Emperor Puyi were installed in every official government and military building and public place inside of Manchukuo. At the same time that Buddhism and Shinto were encouraged to be incorporated into Manchu State Shenism, other groups like Christians (mostly Catholic and Roman and Eastern Orthidix, but also some Protestant Movements) were opposed as foreign, European, Colonial and Imperialist cults and sects. The second major phase for Manchurian State Shenism came after Puyi's reign as a Emperor ended and the position was going to his brother Pujie. Pujie reformed Shenism further and focussed more on the Manchurian Shamanistic and Japanese Shinto aspects then those Chinese Folk Religion aspects that Puyi had partly still centered Shenism around. The goal was to further separate Manchruian, religion, culture, architecture, art and language from the rest of the former Chinese Empire, to increase the Manchurian claim for independence, while his Qing Dynasty at the same time still claimed the Mandate of Heaven and rule over all of China they had taken from 1644 to 1760 from the Ming and other local Chinese, Tibetan and Mongolian rulers in return. Their grown diplomatic and economic influence in northern China and Mengjiang/ Mongolia however was strongly opposed by the local governments, as well as the Japanese themselves.
 
The qing start to grow More independent from Japan i see at least in time they might be able start making their own path in the world.
 
The qing start to grow More independent from Japan i see at least in time they might be able start making their own path in the world.
Maybe but Japanese influence and settlement is also growing stronger the longer they remain inside the Core Sphere. The Manchu also try to get away from to much Chinese influence as well.
 
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