The Co-Prosperity Sphere

Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: After 1900' started by CountofDooku, Aug 5, 2017.

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  1. Threadmarks: Chapter 564: The Path to become Kami (Hoīruburēkā -the Wheel Braker or kami-ni-naru -becoming Kami)

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 564: The Path to become Kami (Hoīruburēkā -the Wheel Braker or kami-ni-naru -becoming Kami)
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    Shintoism was spreading trought Asia ever since Japanese influence grew in Korea (Chosen) in 1976. Later Japanese Nationalism and State Shintoism were used by Coprospism and Chosen Shindo/ Shingyo, Manchurian/ Han Chinese Shén and Taikoku Shangdi were all different variations of the same traditional shamanistic folk religion, similar to how Catholics and Protestantism were branches of the Christian Faith. The goal was to incorporate this local religions and traditions into the wider Coprospist movement and this way assimilate them into Shintoist and Co-Prosperity Sphere state and social hirarchy to strenghten the pan-Asian movement further and to increase the feeling of brotherly connection among the member states. This movement and incorporations of local faith and believes into the greater Shinto ideals, similar to how Shintoism had merged local gods and believes into a unified Japanese State religion. However this goals did not only lead one way, not with Shinto and not with the Buddhism and Confucianism that was tried to be closer incorporated to unify East Asia even further. This meant that the Japanese supportet groups and ideas, who sometimes even opposed one another, to increase the base for their coprospist politics with a brider alliance and ground base of people to work alongside them. However sometimes this influence also worked the other way around, with sects, new forms and schools like Jōdo Shinshū, Won Buddhism and Nichiren schools rising. The same was true for Yokuchi Tatsuoji, who created his own merge of Buddhism and Shintoism (kami-no-mich, the Path of Kami), with his kami-ni-naru (becoming Kami) sect, that was also known as Hoīruburēkā (the Wheel Braker) referring to Dharma Chakra (Buddhist Wheel). Monk Tatsuoji used this Buddhist Wheel as the symbol of his religious movement, as the broken wheel (half wheel) symbolised for them the End of the Circle of Reinkarnation. Like Buddha before them who had reached the Nirvana, they believed that the circle could be broken by not blowing out the light (as Nirvana literally meant), but by what they called Keihasu (enlightenment).
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    This meant that trought meditation and leading by example, individuals could not only end the circle of reincarnation, but also rise to become kami (spirits/ gods), like they believed their ancestors had become in Shintoism and would be manifested into musubi (the interconnecting energy of the universe), while also being able to harnest this force and natural powers in this spiritual inlightenment state they would then be inside. However this teachings and ideas under Yokuchi Tatsuoji lead to some rather radical ideas and positions. One of the most controversial ones for nearly everyone outside of the Buddhist-shinto regions and the overall Co-Prosperity Sphere was the worship of famous war heroes and sometimes even war criminals as some of their kami inside their own religious movement/ sect of Hoīruburēkā. Clearly even for most Buddhists and many Shinto the Hoīruburēkā were a very radical Buddhist-shinto sect that promoed Seppuku/ Harakiri and many members were radicalised pilots for the Kamikaze/ divine wind, the Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (Special Attack Unit), piloting planes, manned bombs, manned torpedoes or even charging enemy infantry with suicide devices like explosive vests, grenades or mines strapped to their own bodies, blowing themselves up. This would later even manifest after the Second Great War when statist-militarist and radical members of the Hoīruburēkā tried to inforce their ideas and politics on politicans and influencial figures inside or even outside the Co-Prosperity Sphere., by using violence and terror to archive their goals. This increasing radicalisation of some people during their ascendence to become Kami would later lead to the split of the Hoīruburēkā ino a faster growing, but still minor remaining more peacefull path/ way compared to the rest of the more radicalised even more minor splinter faction.
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  2. Threadmarks: Chapter 565: Church of the Philippines/ Philippine Independent Church

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 565: Church of the Philippines/ Philippine Independent Church
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    On the Philippines, a man named Jacob Rayman Tapalla Astillo was promoted by the local Japanese Army and the Japanese Empire. Jacob Astillo was a former Roman Catholic priest in the making, but was thrown out of his position because of his political radical anti-Colonialist, anti-American views, so he joined the Philippine Independent Church. Originally a minor Philippino, he became famous as the Japanese approached him to lead the Philippine Independent Church (Spanish: Iglesia Filipina Independiente; Tagalog: Malayang Simbahan ng Pilipinas; Latin: Libera Ecclesia Philippina; colloquially called the Aglipayan Church, IFI and PIC), after it's head Gregorio Aglipay Cruz y Labayan who had died in 1940. Allready a national church and a independent Christian denomination, it's schizm from the Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed in 1902, by the members of the Unión Obrera Democrática Filipina, due to the alleged mistreatment of the Filipinos by Spanish priests and the execution of José Rizal during Spanish colonial rule. Isabelo de los Reyes was one of the initiators of the separation, and suggested that former Catholic priest Gregorio Aglipay be the head of the church. It was also known as the "Aglipayan Church", after its first Supreme Bishop, Gregorio Aglipay, who like José Rizal, later became a Freemason, in May 1918. Pope Leo XIII instructed the Archbishop of Manila, Bernardino Nozaleda y Villa to excommunicate those who initiated the schism. The Japanese saw his schism as a ideal base for their approach, as they hated the Christian religious Dominance in the Philippines, but unlike some souther Co-Prosperity States the Philippine populations was to large to be quickly converted into Buddhism and Shintoism, or replaced by incoming settlers. This meant that another approach was needed, so the Japanese planned to increase the Schism between the Pope and the Catholic Church opposing the Philippine Independent Church to form a anti-Roman, anti-European and anti-American, pro-Coprospist Philippine Church with it's headquarter in Manila. Major differences to the original Catholic Church included the commonly rejection the exclusivity right to apostolic succession by the Petrine papacy, the allowing of priestly ordination of women, optional clerical celibacy, tolerance of Freemasonry, lack of requiring in believing transubstantiation and the Real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, and support for birth control and same-sex civil rights. Many saints canonized by Rome after the 1902 schism are not recognized by the Aglipayan church and its members.
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    Other major differences under the new Supreme Bishop Jacob Astillo was the spreading influence of pan-Asianism and Coprospism into the Philippine Church. They stopped to recognize the Pope in Rome, believing the Catholic Church had twisted the image and words of the (Wesern) “Asian” Jesus Christ. Seing Jesus as a born Jew and adapting the Coprospist view of Jews as great administrators, buisnessman and doctors (fitting into the positive atributes, prejudice and stereotypes believed by some Japanese and Coprospist leaders). Therefore the Philippine Church was mostly positive and friendly towards Jews, preaching that it had been the sneaky Romans who were responsible for Jesus death. Their lies about Jesus, the Papal authority and Jews however continued to this day they believed and because of this they did not recognize the Roman Pope, the Catholic Church's authority or most European ideas about Jews that lead to antisemitism. This Japanese supported separatism of Christian Church and American/ European Culture (as their roots were twisted and corrupt, the National Philippine Church believed) from the Philippine ones. For them the Manilan Supreme Bishop was the true authority of their Chruch, not the Pope that had stolen Jesus teachings and ideals. The Japanese helped Supreme Bishop Jacob Astillo rallying pro-royalist, coprospist mass support in the Philippines with their propaganda, believing the power of the Church should be coming from the Christians who formed it, not some single, inerrant single man (or women) atop of it. The Jesus of Nazareth Academy formed with Japanese help and money for the Philippine Independent Church was more like a independent small autarkic town then a academy alone. It also had it's on church (later axpandet to be a cathedral) and a own leading council of priests that were heading the government hall of the whole facility. The overall community was more important then the individual (just like in Coprospism and many Asian societies) and parts of the Jesus of Nazareth/ Jesus Christ/ Philippine Independent Church Academy and their overall church even had some socialist/ communist elements/ views of community ownership, possessions, property and wealt. The Japanese support for the Philippine Independent Church, was the first major work together with a Christian denomination and would later lead to similar projects to use Christian and Mohammedan religion as "Asian", anti-European, anti-American, anti-Colonial and anti-Imperialist for their Coprospist views and goals in the the Co-Prosperity Sphere States, former China over Central Asia, South-east Asia all the way to Assam/ Bengal and the rest of India in South Asia.
     
    Last edited: Apr 30, 2019
  3. skarosianlifeform Well-Known Member

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    There are already the roots for a low-level Cold War (or at least cultural and political rivalry) between the ACP and SCP alliances post-war, as of course, ACP powers are all Christian (and then, Germany have an important Catholic minority, while France, Spain, Portugal and Italy are all Catholics). And they are all racist and supremacist towards both Jews and people of color, and committed to spread the dominant version of Christianity (ie. White, European and colonial Christianity).

    So, the idea of an anticolonial Church made for and by Asians, and which values both Asians and Jews above White Christian Europeans, won't fly well...
     
  4. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Well Monotheistic (and more individual based societies) at least in opposition to C-PS Polytheism (and community based societies) since the Neo-Ottomans and some other minor ones are Muslim (Mohammedan) TTL. But don't forget it's not as bad as the Nazies as National Monarchist Fascist Royalist are at least neutral (or not outright negative) as long as you're a hard working "loyal" citizen to the King/ Emperor/ State they will most likely not care much more about to many personal values or political ideas (as long as they don't totally oppose traditional values or morals and hirarchy - at least until the 60ies and 70ies when there will be some liberalism in European societies like it happened slowly in OTL from after the Second World War till now). ;D

    Yeah sects and cults like that will not be viewed positive by many Axis Central Powers or Colonialist/ Imperial forces around the world, but similar ideologies and sects/ cults will rise in other parts of this dystopia too (not all during the Second Great War) but during TTL variant of a three-way (or more) cold war for sure.
     
  5. Laxault2020 Like making new friends

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  6. Threadmarks: Chapter 566: Neo-Ottoman Janissaries

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 566: Neo-Ottoman Janissaries
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    As the Caucasus Campaign continued and the Neo-Ottoman losses grew, the Turksh Empire stopped some of it's genocide on local minorities and non-Mohammedan religions partly. Instead the Devshirme, a blood tax was reintroduced, lifting every non-Turk/ non-Mohammedan from the age of 8 to 20 (later 8 to 40) into military service. The goal was to save Turkish/ Mohammedan lives and instead let indoctrinated minority groups (mainly Christian ones) fight and die for the glory and power of the Neo-Ottoman Empire. The Neo-Ottoman military would call for a specific number of youth to be send as a quota to indoctrinate them into full loyality for the Turkish Mohammedan Nation State that was their Empire and train them in military ways. The Janissary Divisions (Ortas) were divided into the so called provincial army (Eyalet Askerleri) and the Sultan’s army (Kapikulu Askerleri), were their infantry (Kapikulu Piyadesi) served as workers for other military units by digging trenches, building bunkers and fortifications. They trained as special units apart from the regular Neo-Ottoman army and were soon feared by the Allied Armies and the Red Armies as well-trained, well-equipped elite force. As a mainly support and auxiliary unit (engineers, weapon support, ammunition and supply transport) for the majority of regulair forces (similar to the various German Orders and other Axis Central Power Elite Forces), the Janissaries were divided into three different groups; the Cemaat (assembly), who served as troops on the frontline, the Seymen, who served as guard units and finally the Bölük (or divison), served as the Sultan's personal bodyguard. Quickly feared among the Allied and Red Army Forces became the so called Zirhli Nefer (armored soldiers), a elite force of the Janissaries similar to the other Axis Central Power's armored soldiers/ knights or the Co-Prosperity Sphere's Armored Samurai.

    But even among those elite was a special force fighting for the Neo-Ottoman Armie, the so called Serdengeçti (head-riskers) that were similar to the German Sturmtruppen (Stormtroopers) and served as a special force in Commando Operations and spear-head assaults along the frontlines. Unlike many Axis Central Power Forces the Allies accounted, the Janissaries were well equipped and adapted to the heat of the deserts in the Middle East. The Neo-Ottomans greatly exaggerated the extend and use of the Janissaries in their propaganda, even when in reality they weren't even involved in some operations in the Caucasus and the Middle East. This however did not stop the Neo-Ottomans to portray their Janissaries as a rightous force, send by Allah to punish the atheist Infidels of the Soviet Union and the Allied Nations. While the majority of the new Neo-Ottoman State was still influenced and governed by the Neo-Ottoman military, as well as some former (and now returned, or even newly appointed) aristrocrats, the Mohammedan faction lead by some Imam wished for much more religious influence and direct theocratic rule in the Caliphate. But the Sultan and the majority of the Neo-Ottoman government just used Mohammedanism and their naming of the Second Great War as a Jihad. The goal behind this was to start a Mohammedan uprising in the Allied Colonies as well as the Central Asian part of the Soviet Union and partly the Caliph's plan worked in the Soviet Union, Persia, Egypt and even parts of Africa and India. Some joined out of fear, others because they were promised their family, clan or people would then be resettled to newly conquered land that was majorly Christian. Most never knew the hard truth, that many families of the Janissaries were secretly killed in prison camps in the desert. Still some Janissaries would betray their Turkish Masters and join pro-Soviet or pro-Allied rebel forces to fight the Axis Central Powers.
     
    Last edited: May 2, 2019
  7. TimTurner Cartoon Phanatic

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    we've reached page 100...
     
  8. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Indeed we have. ^^ :D
     
  9. skarosianlifeform Well-Known Member

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    So, the Ottomans took conscripts among Christian and non-Turkish populations, in occupied countries (including Armenians ?), to serve them. Right after enacting genocidal policies (and stopping them, but still the damage was done).

    And those soldiers almost instantly became a fanatical force serving the Sultan.

    Caucasus Christians must really hate Stalin and the Soviet Union hard, to accept this.
     
  10. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    The main trick is to take mostly children and young people and brainwash them into serving loyal. Even a little more then with OTL Concentration Camps, TTL Turkish genocide is not well known to many (not even in TTL Turkey outside the government/ military, with the exception of some -meaning very few- German Generals in the region) so many assume these people are just resettled into the newly conquered/ liberated majorly Christian Caucasian regions (instead of the reality that they are being killed somewhere in the desert in camps, often far away from most cities and towns). Some might even get told their families will be resettled or spared if they volunteer (mostly forced by one way or another is more correct in this circumstances) to this Janissary force, however we will see increasing Janissary riots, uprisings and rebellions (Arab and Christian ones) later TTL, as well as some of the Janissary becoming pro-Allied/Soviet rebells, so the overall strategy will somewhat backfire heavily later on. Have added a little bit to the chapter to make it more plausible thanks to your constructive criticism. ;D
     
    Last edited: May 3, 2019
  11. Threadmarks: Chapter 567: Operation Ma

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 567: Operation Ma
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    Known as Operation Ma (from the last letter of Hawaishima, the Japanese word for Hawaii Islands) the operation against the remaining Central Pacific American territories started shortly after the Battle of Midway, with the occupation of the Kure Atoll. Mainly by building a base on Green Island 191.964 acres (77.685 ha) were a supporting base with fortifications, bunkers, a few coastal artillery and a airfield were build to support nearby Japanese occupied Midway and vice versa. To further secure their central Pacific position and defense region during the operation (continued on 24 September 1942), the Japanese under command of Admiral Nobutake Kondō also occupied the nearby Pearl and Hermes Atoll (with it's 32 ha or 80 acres) and while building a forward fortified base their too, they also used importet Chosen, Taikoku, Okinawan and Taiwanese labor to help them build the Japanese positions, but also to gain the local ressources, oysters and pearls to finance parts of this from the island itself. The Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces at the same time occupied Lisianski Island (384.425 acres or 155.571 ha) a bird reservation were they started digging their own airfield, trenches and bunkers for a defensive position too. On nearby Laysan (735 acres or 2.97 km2 the interior island Lake Laysan (100 acres or 0.40 km2), forced the Japanese to build their airfield very close to the sandy beach and their outer defense structures, making them vulnerable for american bombing runs from the main Hawaiian Islands, or coastal bombardment by the U.S. Navy. The closeby Gardner Pinnacles (5.939 acres or 24,030 m2) was used as a forward observation post to cover the rest of the future planned operation against the main Hawaii islands, as well as warn the Japanese occupied islands that were taken under Operation Ma. Thanks to Gardner Pinnacles highest peak of 170 feet or 52 meters and a surrounding reef with an area of 600,000 acres (2,400 km2; 940 sq mi) provided a secure defensive positions against enemy landings, ships and airplanes.
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    Gardner Pinnacles would however be as far, as the Japanese got, as the nearby French Frigate Shoals who had been used by the Japanese because of their isolation to help them as an anchorage and refueling point for the long-range flying boats employed in their Operation K were now under direct US control and guard. In the aftermath of that attack, US Pacific Fleet Commander Chester W. Nimitz ordered a permanent US Navy presence at the shoals, that would now prevent the Japanese Invasion and occupation. Shortly after the Battle of Midway, the United States Navy had built a naval air station on Tern Island, enlarging the island sufficiently to support a 3,300-foot (or 1,000m) landing strip, because of this Tern Island had a land area of 26.014 acres (10.527 ha). The station's main function was planned as an emergency landing site for planes flying between Hawaii and Midway Atoll, however after the Japanese took Midway, the airfield was replanned as a forward defense position for the main Hawaii Island and as a replacement base of operations similar to Midway, now that Midway had fallen into enemy hands. This surprised the Japanese during Operation Ma, as they had not anticipated the Americans to build up defenses and airfields this easily and quick, leading to heavy resistance from the Americans. This lead to the near annihilation of the Japanese landing forces (including a whole regiment of SNLF) planned invasion force for the French Frigate Shoals, forcing the Japanese to retread with their remaining forces, as American figthers and bombers from the main Hawaii Islands arrived to aid the U.S. soldiers defending the French Frigate Shoals. The Japanese soon discovered that supplying this forward bases was a nightmare, as American submarines, ships and naval bombers harassed their supply transport ships while american fighters and bombers from the main Hawaii island bombed the japanese airfields and other positions, weakening their during Operation Ma captured island bases significantly.
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    Another part to secure the flank of Operation Ma and the Japanese conquered western Hawaii Island as well as the Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands and the Solomon Islands to disrupt the Allied supplies from America to Australia, was their planned conquest of the Johnston Islands. Johnston Island was a designated Naval Defensive Sea Area since February 1941, even before the outbreak of the Second Great War in the Pacific. Marines, civilians and stores were unloaded shortly after the first Japanese attacks on the Phillippines by the USS Indianapolis and the Johnston Islands were also a rondevous port for the American Navy before sailing over Wake and Guam west, to defend the Phillippines from the Japanese Invasion there. Shortly after in November 1941 a japanese submarine shelled the Island, hitting several buildings including the power station were, but no personnel were injured. Additional Japanese shelling occurred on November 22 and 23, 1941, but on all occasions, Johnston Atoll's coastal artillery guns returned fire, driving off the sub. In June 1942, the civilian contractors at the atoll were replaced by 500 men from the 5th and 10th Naval Construction Battalions, who expanded the fuel storage and water production at the base and built additional facilities. The using of a Naval Construction Battalion (99th) was planned, for the proceeded lengthening of the runway to 6,000 feet or 1,800 m and add an additional 10 acres or 4.0 ha of parking to the seaplane base.
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    Before that however the Japanese Invasion force (southern force of Operation Ma) arrived under command of Admiral Nishizō Tsukahara, who had just recovered from a illness that had forced him to give his position at Rabaul to Admiral Jinichi Kusaka. The assault on Johnston Island was supported by some seaplanes from Kwajalein and the carrier Hosho (participating as a cover in the northern Operation Ma together with Japanese fighters and bombers from Midway). Serving between both forces as scout base and carrier was also the japanese Airship Aircraft Carrier (AAC) Tatsu (or Tatso) that intended to help Admiral Tsukahara's force, but was distracted by the northern Japanese retread he had suddenly to cover. So Tsukahara had to rely on his own forces and the few seaplanes that aided his assault invasion. Using the lessions learned during the Coastal Campaign of the Chinese Civil War, Admiral Tsukahara shelled the defences of Johnston Island before the Japanese invasion forces would head to the beaches. As the Americans heavily defended the Johnston Islands, the forces under Tsukahara were ordered to land while their own forces continued to shell the island in a second invasion wave. A extreme move, but Admiral Tsukahara denied his forces a retread even under heavy causualities as he hoped to at least archive his operational goal while the northern part of Operation Ma was already stopped and forced to retread by the Americans during their simultaneous landing invasion operations. This allowed his forces to establish a beachhead and shell the inland american defences of the Johnston Islands, finally breaking the American defenses at the end of the night on 25 September.
     
  12. Antonio Ferrari Well-Known Member

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    Japanese close to Hawaii? I wish them luck!
     
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  13. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    They will soon realise they cannot take it, that would be to implausible, even the little resistance now forced them back and to abandon parts of their planned opeations. They lack the coordination and skill to take a place like Hawaii (well fortified, many US forces, islnds supporting each other plus US navy) but Yamamoto will create another plan to deal with the islands instead.
     
    Last edited: May 4, 2019
  14. skarosianlifeform Well-Known Member

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    The Neo-Ottoman Empire might become aligned with Japan and the SCP post-war.

    I mean... all European ACP nations are Christian. Defending and spreading Christianity is an important part of National Monarchism. And Christians are badly mistreated in the Ottoman Empire.

    Moreover, the Hellenic Kingdom is an obvious enemy of the Neo-Ottoman Empire. Bulgaria probably will too (Ottoman-Bulgarian wartime alliances were temporary marriages at best). Italy and Russia are (or will soon be) looking greedily at Ottoman territory (especially Russia, as historical enemy + Ottomans just took Russian territory). And while the ACP nations all have unacceptable and unrealistic fantasies (Germany wanting to take Burgundy, France dreaming of expanding into Spanish, German and Italian territory, Austria wanting Veneto, etc), the Ottoman Empire will soon be the one acceptable target for wars of expansion and prestige, as it's a weak empire (full of rival ethnic and religious groups, that just got restored through a messy civil war and war), a Muslim and non-white power, and not truly European.

    The Ottomans may be an ACP member for the duration of the war, but they will have Russia, Greece, Italy, and probably France and Spain as enemies very soon. And while Germany and/or Austria might want to help the Ottomans (to check Russia), the Christian lobbies in Germany (strong both within ordinary population and elites) are strong and will oppose an alliance with the Ottomans, plus Germany will be reluctant to alien all her European allies over the Ottomans.

    Finally, there will be a general rivalry between the ACP and SCP, as well as historical rivalry between Japan and Russia. And the SCP is already spreading an ideology (in Filipinos) that values Asians (in the widest sense that includes Jews, and probably Arabs and Turks as well if push comes to shove) above European Christians, and values all Asian-led religions (including Islam and Coprospist Christian Churches) above European White Christians.

    So, the Ottoman Empire and SCP are really natural allies. Possibly joined by Britain. The British are pragmatists above anything else, so they'll acknowledge that their colonies (in Far East and Middle East) are lost for good, and trying to regain them (for pride, nationalism, glory...) would be stupid and costly
    + The cornerstone of their foreign policy was to prevent any European power to dominate Europe or to threaten the British Isles directly, as well as maintain their access to European markets and finally, to remain the top power so that no one could threaten and outshine them (the victorious ACP are really their worst nightmare)
    + They'll need markets and resources (especially now they lost their empire and their European markets), including Ottoman oil.
    + The ACP will still be a threat on the remaining British colonies and influence areas (but not Japan, not anymore). Imperial France will likely want to retake Free French territory in Equatorial Africa. Italy will likely want to (re)take Somalia, Eritrea and Abyssinia, as well as Sudan.

    So, the old Anglo-Ottoman friendship (that existed until the end of the 19th century) and Anglo-Japanese Alliance will soon be resurrected. I predict a global cold war, between the ACP and SCP (including the Ottoman Empire), with various flashpoints : Latin America, North America (the Divided States), Middle East, Near East and Central Asia (in Neo-Ottoman and Persian territory), India, Africa, and of course, the Channel (with Britain staring down the ACP).
     
  15. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    You might be onto something, but the C-PS might not be the most trustworthy and loyal ally to Britain on the long run (forcing them to look at a more Ango-English/American alliance again), the Ottomans however might be better off with them and the massive Japanese Navy and increasing Industries will need their oil for decades to come.
     
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  16. Threadmarks: Chapter 568: A Dune too far

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 568: A Dune too far
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    In Egypt the Axis Central Powers besieged and bombed Alexandria from land, air and sea. They knew that when Alexandria would fall into their hans, their supplies and reinforcements into Egypt could be secured and their push forward could go on. Since the Battle of Giza had stopped the current Axis Central Power forces advance and Alexandria was still holding out, well defended. Now the Marshal of Italy (Maresciallo d'Italia) Ettore Bastico, technically the superior to General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who had to get his plans approved by Bastico. Marshal Bastico therefore proposed to bypass Giza, by striking southwest trought the desert towards Lake Qarun and capture Faiyum with all it's railway intersections. He would face Field Marshall Harold Alexander, who had served in Dunkirk and Burma before, retreating from both the Axis Central Power first and then the Co-Prosperity Sphere, in command of parts of the Eighth Army. While doing a fighting retread, Alexander was nicknamed General Backwards or General Retreat by some, but still got the C-in-C of the Middle East Command after meetin with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. His and Montgomery's ordered retread gave the United Kingdom ope to continue fighting, while Churchill knew that the loss of Egypt and/or Assam/ Bengal would be the final blow of his political career and maybe even end the will of the United Kingdom to continue the Fighting during the Second Great War.
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    When Marshal Ettore Bastico moved with his forces and local pro-Axis Central Power Egyptian militias on trought the desert towards Lake Qarun, he covered his flanks by extending his forces across the area, believing that he would take the British by surprise, forcing them to retreat, or even surround them in Giza. Everything looked fine at first and Ettore Bastico, Marshal of Italy believed it could and would be a quick and easy Axis Central Powers and mainly Italian Kingdom/ Roman Empire victory. This dream however crushed, yes outright turned into a nightmare when he faced Field Marshall Harold Alexander and parts of the Eighth Army. Field Marshall Alexander realised thanks to his scouts, that the Italian forces were spread far apart from another and that they could be defeated in detail. So his forces of the Eighth Army took parts of the Italian flank out by surprise and quickly outflank and surround the majority of the Italian forces who were to far from one another to support them against this assault. One by one the Italian forces were overrun and destroyed by the British Eighth Army, leading to one of the most devastating Italian and Axis Central Power losses during the overall fighting in Africa. The first shock quickly expanded into horror, as the divided Italian/ Roman forces started to panik in the view of the much more numerior Allied forces and strated a overall retreat.
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    Under command of Field Marshall Harold Alexander it was a quick and nearly to easy victory for the British Eighth Army, that redeemed him in the eyes of the British government and population as his Eighth Army chased the panickly retreating Italians. For the Marshal of Italy, Ettore Bastico it was a shamefull retreat as the majority of his forces were destroyed by the parts of the British Eighth Army that opposed him and a whole modern Italian Motorized Division ended in the deserts of Egypt because of it. This Desert Desaster as some Axis Central Powers generals called it, while the overall Italian, Austrian-Hungarian and Italian propaganda failed to mention any losses or the Battle of the Central Western Desert (also known as the Battle of Lake Qarun) at all. In the End it was the remaining Austrian-Hungarian and Italian forces helped stabilize Rommel's southern flank and helped to stop the Italian retreat of the Axis Central Power Forces. This disaster would lead to the fact that Ettore Bastico, the Marshal of Italy would soon have Rommel as his superior in the overall Axis Central Powers operations inside all of Egypt and Northeast Africa. What was a great defeat and loss for poor Marshall Bastico in military and political means was a stunning victory and archivement for Field Marshall Harold Alexander, who was suddenly redeemed for his past losses and retreats in Dunkirk and Burma. No one dared to call him General Backwards or General Retreat anymore, instead he would be known as the Desert Snake and some even called him the Savior of Egypt and the Empire, as his couragous attack against the Italians massively slowed down the overall Axis Central Powers push into Egypt and even forced them back in some southern regions to streighten their frontlines again.
     
    Last edited: May 6, 2019
  17. skarosianlifeform Well-Known Member

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    I figured that the USA (ie. the "proper" USA, not the breakaway states) would remain allied with Britain, out of necessity if nothing else (as they would be both overshadowed by the victorious ACP and CPS, not to mention need each other for trade). The weakened USA might even be the junior partner to the Commonwealth (ie. Britain and any remaining colony in Africa + Canada + Australia and NZ).

    Also, why would Japan betray the Commonwealth ?
    They wouldn't have major rivalries, once it's clear that Britain has lost her Asian holdings. There might be some unhappiness in Australia with Japan holding Papua-New Guinea, but on the other hand, Australia would be happy to have good relations with Japan precisely for that reason. Britain might not be happy with Peru or some post-US breakway state joining the CPS either, and if we really want to create British-Japanese rivalry, there could be rivalry in India (if India is split up in three, and one of the part is pro-British) but that's not extremely likely. And all those potential problems would be really at the edge of the Japanese sphere of influence, not in the core.

    Then, Japan will be busy with Russia breathing down her neck (in Siberia), as well as projecting power in the Ottoman Empire as an ally (against Russia and possibly other European powers), while Britain will be right under German and French guns, so both sides should be highly motivated to settle or put aside any minor differences.

    So in short, wouldn't Britain be allied with both (the rump) USA and the CPS (and the Ottomans) ?
     
    Antonio Ferrari and CountofDooku like this.
  18. CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

    Joined:
    Oct 16, 2016
    Location:
    Empire of Amra
    That will definetly the chase to some extent.

    The problem will rise once Subhas Chandra Bose (who claims all of India to be a Free State, while Ghandi fights for a neutral and unified Indian State) dies and the Japanese Military divides Azad Hidn into Assam and Bengal as smaler C-PS States. At the same time (like OTL) Nizam of Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan (one of the most richest people during this time) will declare it's independence from the remaining British Raj/ India or Pakistan to keep his position/ wealth. He will be partly supported by the Razakars Militia, while the British might support the Telangana Rebellion to put pressure on him to remain under their protection and help. OTL he stood no chance, but with a powerfull pan-Asian CPS around he can easily join them for "protection", giving the Japanese the propaganda and financial support to take control of the heart of India from Britain. I don't think England would risk another war over this and the Japanese might get a taste of carving out more pieces of India for the C-PS by using the religious, ethnic and caste tensions for their advantage to create more small puppet/ depending states for their C-PS out of the Indian subcontinent. To get into more detaisl would be too much spoilers tbh.

    True Russia remains a threat in the North, so the Japanese will focuss on their naval dominance, the Manchurian and Mengjiang Armies and the idea to convince the Russians that retaiking their European revanshist claims with all their population, infrastrusture, industry and ressources.

    As for the British (English) Empire/ TTL variant of the Commonwealth under Mosley, they will be no friends of the ACP and C-PS but try to become their own Super Power again during this Cold War by holding the Empire together and expanding it (with diplomacy and force) over the remaining anglo regions of the world. So in short we might see some Japanese British cooperation during certain events/ crisis, after all a 3+ Cold War leaces plenty of room for many proxy wars and swifting alliances.
     
  19. Threadmarks: Chapter 569: Japanese Colonists and Settlers – Population Pressure and Emiration Part 1: The First Wave until the Co-Prosperity Sphere

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Chapter 569: Japanese Colonists and Settlers – Population Pressure and Emiration Part 1: The First Wave until the Co-Prosperity Sphere
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    The Japanese began emigrating to other parts of Asia in the 12th century, beginning with Japaese settlements in Lingayen Gulf, Manila, the Ilocos Coast and Vicayas, during a time when the Philippines were part of the Majapahit Empire and Srivijaya Empire. During the 16th century the Japanese established a settlement in Ayutthaya in Siam and from the 17th century Japanese could be found as settlers in the Dutch East Indies. A increase of Japanese settlers came in the the 17th century, when red deal ships traded in Southeast Asia and a large wave of Japanese Catholics fled there to escape the religious persecution under the Shoguns, settling in the Philippines and other places. Many of those would intermarry with local Filipina women and even those of Chinese and Spanish descent, forming the Japanese-Mestizo by doing so. During the 16th and 17th century, thousands of Japanese traders migrated to the Philippines and assimilated into the local population. By 1898 the Dutch East Indies colonial government counted 614 Japanese (166 men, 448 women). As the Americans took over the Philippines as a colony, the number of Japanese laborers working on plantations increased so hight that the city of Davao became known as Little Japan (Ko Nippon) and has a Japanese school, a Shinto shrine and a diplomatic miccion from the Japanese Empire. Later during the Co-Prosperity Sphere the city would be officially renamed Konippon and included a Japanese restorant in a tunnel made by the Japanese as shelter during the war.

    Japanese migration to North America (mainly Canada and the United States) began in 1868 during the Meiji Restoration. In Canda these Japanese immigrants formed multi-generation communities and adaptet to life outside of Japan. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 meanwhile tried to replace the Chinese immigrants with Japanes supported by american indusrialists. The Japanese community in California grow rapidly until in 1906 the School Board of San Francisco passed a resolution barring children of Japanese heritage from attending regular public schools. President Roosevelt intervened to rescind the resolution, but only on the understanding that steps would be taken to put a stop to further Japanese immigration. In 1907, in the face of Japanese government protests, the so-called "Gentlemen's Agreement" between the governments of Japan and the United States that ended immigration of Japanese workers (mostly men), but permitted the immigration of spouses of Japanese immigrants already in the US. The Immigration Act of 1924 banned the immigration of all but a token few Japanese, until the Immigration Act of 1955 in the Pacific Federation of States (PFA, also known as the Pacific States of America -PSA-, United States of the Pacific, Pacific Union and Federate Pacific States) abolished the act when their economy was no longer able to support the strongest Fleet of all United States Remnant States and the Pacific was finally economically and military dominated by the Japanese. Finally in the Pacific States Immigration Act of 1965 lead to a massively increasing Japanese immigration to the West Coast States (Oregon, Washington, Jefferson and California). This would lead to violent opposition and riots as many feared the fate of Hawaii were Japanese settlers and descenders were mow the majority in the Kingdom.
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    Impotant to Japanese in Brazil was the Kasato Maru, who brought the first Japanese immigrants in 1908 and many new Japanese settlers joined overall Japanese communities in Latin America/ South America from the 1950ies onward (mainly on the western Coast and Pacific States there). Brazils Japanese community would later rise to 15 million (nearly 10% of the population). The United States restriction to Japanese immigration only lead to a increase of Japanese settlement in Latin America/ South America from 1925 onward. The first Latin American country to get Japanese immigrants was Mexico in 1897, when 35 Japanese arrived in Chipas to work on coffee farms. Many of this first Japanese came from the Okinawa Prefecture and included Okinawans and Ryukyan people (who were also counted as Japanese by the authorities). The Japanese settlers in Brazil only were behing those of Peru and the Pacific States in numbers as many Japanese searched for better living conditions. Many of them ended on coffee plantations, but a Japanese farmer could earn a much larger farm land and profit then in the crowded Japanese Home Islands. Some of these Japanese would later act as a fifth colum, like Shindo Renmei (League of the Way of Emperors' Subjects ) a Japanese terror organisation that tried to sabotage Allied goals in Brazil. The Japanese in Colombia migrated there between 1929 and 1935 and formed their own community that would stay neutral during the Second Great War and even later when a eight-year civil war devastated the Columbian Nation. In Peru the Japanese community orriginated from only 6,000 Issei (first settlers) but soon grew to 100,000 Nisei, Sansei and Yonsei (second, third and fourth generation Japanese). The Japanese settlement there increased greatly after the Second Great War and by the time the Japanese-Peruvian Alberto Fujimori became president (who would later join the Co-Prosperity Sphere with Peru), Japanese settlers, their descendants and mixed Japanese-Peruvians were already a small majority of the overall 32 million citizens there. Japanese and Japanese-Peruvian cuisine, culture, architecture and religion dominated Peru by then.

    Japanese migration from settlers however also ocurred into their overseas territories and colonies. Around 1167 people per square kilometer or 0,386 miles lead to a immense population pressure, even more so as the square kilometers of cultivatable land were only 60,000 km/ 6,000,000 ha of overall 382,073 km/ 382073 ha. The massive disproportion between population growth and a base to feed them increased year by year and soon massive emigration became the only key to solve this problem. A regular Japanese farm only had a average size of 1,3 cho (1 cho is around 1 ha), meaning they had half the size of a regular Irish farm. The arable land needed for each Japanese farmer to produce a profitable surpluss is established to be around 2,5 cho. If the Japanese government tried to provide every farmer with this amount of land, the current rural population had to be shortened by around 50 percent. Before massive migration of Japanese to other parts of the world had tried to adress this problem, but the Japanese Shogunate and later Empire were not very pleased to loose their citizens and therefore labor and intelligence to foreign states. So as a plan to result this problem was to increase the Japanese industrial and economical base. At first this worked, but soon Japan faced foreign tarifs and embargos to protect their own evonomy against Japanese growing influence and sheep products. Local laws even prohibited Japanese immigration, proving both this ideas as a possible solution flawed.
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    Another idea to solve the Japanese overpopulation then arose, outer colonisation like the Europeans and Americans did. Japanese settlers came as colonizers to Farmosa (Japanese Taiwan) as well as later to Hainan (Kainan), with around 500,000 Japanese living there . The Japanese colonists soon also came to Korea and only increased after Chosen (Korea) was liberated as a independent nation state (Empire) inside the Co-Prosperity Sphere with 2,000,000 Japanese living within the 24,000,000 citizens of the Chosen Peninsula. After the Japanese liberatet Manchukuo, further 860,000 Japanese, became a part of this multinational state with it's 42,560,000 citizens within the next years before the Second Great War. Around another million Japanese would soon settle in Yankoku and National Han China. Japan also was eager to make the South Pacific Mandates of the the League of Nation ethnically Japanese and directly incorporate them into their Empire, a strategy later also used for Southeast Asian and Pacific Co-Prosperity Sphere member states like Celebes/ Sulawesi, the Moluccans, Timor/Tenggara and New Guinea (Niugini/Niu Gini/ Papua). Of the Mandates population of 129,104, the Japanese made up 77,257. Saipan's population alone was 30,000 people, including 25,000 Japanese and around 400,000 Japanese lived in southern Karafuto (Sakhalin), later rising to a little over 8,000,000 and then nearly 1,000,000 after the northern Soviet Union part of the island was occupied and annexed by the Japanese.

    Not all Japanese colonists were farmers, or laborer, the majority inside the Co-Prosperity Sphere were merchants, traders, as well as advisers and officials. Some of them worked for the Japanese railways and industries established in these regions. Only every forth of the Japanese colonists and settlers was a farmer. One of the major early problems for the failure of Japanese emigration was the climate and the nutrition as over 50 percent of the Japanese calorie came from rice alone. In direct comparison rice was quiet expensive compared to native food and rice remained essential for the Japanese even were they were unable to grow it. The Japanese farmers in this regions then often mainly produced for the local marked, not themselves, so they could trade rice there in exchange. This meant that Japanese settlers, immigrants and colonists were at a massive disadvantage compared to the modest Chosen and Chinese. Because of this the Japanese expanded their Co-Prosperity Sphere to the Asian mainland, to secure the ressources and outlet markets for their industries, to increase the Japanese economy and industries, while at the same time gaining land for Japanese colonisation.
     
  20. Threadmarks: Chapter 570: The African Campaign – Part 11: Operation: Blaze

    CountofDooku Emperor of Amra

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    Oct 16, 2016
    Location:
    Empire of Amra
    Chapter 570: The African Campaign – Part 11: Operation: Blaze
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    In the western african theatre of the Second Great War, the Allied forces (mainly Americans, British, Commonwealth and Free French forces as well as Liberian regional forces), in West Africa started a campaign (Operation: Blaze 23 November – 7 December 1942) to deny the Axis Central Powers any position along the western african coast they could then use for their supplies, naval bombers and submarines. A Allied controll of the coast would ensure that the Axis Central Powers could not raid their shipping, naval supply lines and troop movements in the central and southern Atlantic as easy as before. Superior overlooking the situation was General Dwight D. Eisenhower, who ordered the Allied forces under Lieutenant-General Kenneth Anderson (commanding the First Army) to secure the western african coastal regions. Allied naval forces from St. Louis and Bathurst together with allied army forces from Dakar and Pisania at the african west coast liberated Konakry after beating Fascist Royal/ Imperial French and German forces during the Battle of the Pongo crossing. Further inland the Axis Central Powers in the west reacted by fortifying their supply bases at Matam and Kayes.
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    The eastern Allied forces meanwhile crossed the Quarra river and battled Fascist French and German troops in Say, unable to blake their supply lines, but threatening their flank no less. Coming from the Ivory Coast and Gold Coast in the south, the Allied forces battled the Fascist French and Germans in the northern Liberian mountains between Mount Loma and Mount Kaffa and pushed further inland. In the western mountains, deserts and river areas the Axis Central Power forces managed to stop their advance, while heavy battles over the towns of Kong, Salaga and Yendi ocurred once the Allies had crossed the Volta River. The Allied hope to cut off the enemy forces from their supply that came from North Africa, by taking Nungu, Mossi, Wagadugu and Duasso behind their main frontline failed, as the French and German defences in Nungu withstood their assault shortly after Borgu had fallen into Allied hands. But the German and French Axis Central Power forces quickly entrenched their front, leading to a extention of the heavily forified and heavily contested southern frontline trenches and bunker system in the east all the way from Salagra over Yendi to Nungu, holf by French and German commanded from the local German headquarters for Togo in Gambaga.
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    The Allied forces tried to break the Axis Central Power defences by hammering them with their superior artillery and tank numbers, while bombing them with their increasing numbers of fighters and numbers. The Germans countered by cleverly using the terrain to their advantage, build trenches, fortifications and bunkers wherever the terrain dd not prevent the enemies from passing and even used minefields for every area they could not cover with this tactic and strategy alone. The Germans tried to counter this with their shorter supply lines, including a new Imperial French railroad trought the desert to counter the longer Allies supply lines, that arrived at the coast. German Commander (Kommandant) Ludwig Stein even joked that the situation would now look quit dire for the Allies, as so far inland their superior navy nmbers could not support their land forces with coastal bombardment unlike they had done across the west coast of africa. Digging into their fortified positions, the Axis Central Powers felt the Allied air superiority increasing and their position began being constantly bombarded. This lead to the Germans and Fascist French even more heavily fortifying their positions and digging their tunnels and bunkers deeper underground to help with their trenches and bunkers, while at the same time using dummys of their weapons and soldiers to trick the Allies into fireing onto the wrong positions. Allied and Axis Central Power causualities increased, but the Americans, British, Commonwealth and Free French forces managed to capture some ground before mainly the Germans and French stopped them in the south of west africa, like the Germans, Spanish and French had done in the west before. The loss of the coast however convinced the German High Command to start to at least plan for a organized, overall retreat to the North of west africa in hopes that the own forces could be massed, their supply lines shortened, while the Allied armies would be forced to spread thin and overextend their supply lines by such a move.
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    Last edited: May 5, 2019
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