The Anglo-Saxon Social Model - The Expanded Universe

Great Men: Margaret Thatcher New
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher of Scotney (nee Roberts) (13 October 1925 - 8 April 2013), commonly known throughout her career as Margaret Thatcher, was an Anglo-Commonwealth politician and stateswoman. She served as Prime Minister from 1976 to 1981 and as leader of the Liberal and Democrat grouping in the Commonwealth Assembly from 1988 to 1995.

Thatcher studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford and afterwards worked as a research chemist at the Sovereign Wealth Fund facility in Bletchley Park. Among the projects she worked on was what eventually became Mr. Whippy ice cream. She won a seat in the Greater London Assembly in 1950 before entering the Westminster Parliament at the 1961 election. She served in various Shadow Cabinet positions during the 1960s and became a notable member of the “neo-Gladstonian” tendency within the Liberal Party that sought to relax business regulations and reduce the role of the state in society. Although largely sidelined under the leadership of Jeremy Thorpe, Thatcher returned to prominence after his fall from grace and became leader of the Liberals in February 1972.

At this time, the Commonwealth was facing a series of interlinked currency and economic crises and the Liberals successfully exploited this to win their first majority since 1945 at the 1976 general election. In an attempt to take control of the crisis, Thatcher’s government introduced large cuts to both taxation and government spending, while also unilaterally shifting the primary aim of the Bank of England from general macroeconomic management to the control of inflation above everything else. She was a prominent force behind a series of bailout packages for heavily indebted Commonwealth member states but these policies failed to stop the crisis in both government debt and the banking system and the austerity required by the bailouts created a crisis of political legitimacy in the badly-hit Puerto Rico, among other member states. Although inflation fell in the United Kingdom, unemployment reached levels not seen since the 1930s and caused widespread civil disobedience, particularly in Ireland, which led to the declaration of a state of emergency on the island in the summer of 1980. The Liberals subsequently suffered a landslide defeat in the 1981 election.

Out of power after 1981, Thatcher resigned from the leadership but remained prominent on the backbenches as a neo-Gladstonian. However, when the “Gang of Four” of Nigel Lawson, Keith Joseph, Norman Tebbit and Michael Dobbs left the party to form the Liberal Democrats, she chose not to follow them. She would leave Parliament in 1988 when she chose to run for the leadership of the Liberal and Democrat grouping in the Commonwealth Assembly. Although she won her seat, she proved unable to form a coalition and her tenure there was uneventful before retiring from the Assembly at the 1995 elections.

After leaving the Assembly, Thatcher took up the life peerage to which she was entitled as a former prime minister. As Baroness Thatcher of Scotney, she was a regular participant in debates but did not form a part of the Liberal ministerial or shadow ministerial team in the Lords before retiring from public life in 2005 owing to ill health. She died of a stroke in 2013. Her son, Mark Thatcher, was also a politician and succeeded Thatcher in her Parliamentary seat of Finchley upon her retirement in 1988. He remained in Parliament until his arrest and jailing in Papua New Guinea in 2004, which resulted in his resignation.

Thatcher remains a controversial figure in British and Commonwealth political culture. The economic policies she pursued as prime minister are generally regarded as having failed and nearly caused the dissolution of the Commonwealth but the reasons for this, and whether they owed more to inherent failures or wider structural issues, remain debated. However, her work on environmental matters - including passing the Environmental Protection Act 1981 and being a key supporter of the 1979 Arusha Protocol - has subsequently been praised. Historians generally regard her tenure as a failed attempt to realign Commonwealth politics in a neoliberal or neo-Gladstonian direction.

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Nice write up for Mrs T there.

I suspect future historians will be much kinder to her than anyone who lived through her Premiership. Much like OTL I suspect...

What was Mark Thatcher arrested and jailed for?
 
Very nice write up and pretty much in line with what I'd expect from her in this timeline.
I was rather amused by the Mr. Whippy bit.
Thanks. I was rather disappointed to learn that the Mr. Whippy bit might not actually be true.

Nice write up for Mrs T there.

I suspect future historians will be much kinder to her than anyone who lived through her Premiership. Much like OTL I suspect...
An interesting question. The environmental moves are dramatic and important (and recognised as such) but the absolute necessity of having done them is possibly questioned by TTL 2020, if for no other reason than that the reforms having happened means that the climate crisis is far, far, far less acute in the 21st century.

What was Mark Thatcher arrested and jailed for?
Attempting a coup in Equatorial Guinea, as in OTL but TTL he's appropriately punished.

I wonder if, when she died, some folks still sang "ding dong, the...."
I think her legacy TTL will be less "divisive" (to use the correct lingo), partly due to the fact that she's around for a lot shorter time and also because she failed, ultimately. Not to say that she won't have had her detractors in the years since...

Such as the Nattative and objective of the TL? :)
We're all a slave to something...
 
Thanks. I was rather disappointed to learn that the Mr. Whippy bit might not actually be true.



An interesting question. The environmental moves are dramatic and important (and recognised as such) but the absolute necessity of having done them is possibly questioned by TTL 2020, if for no other reason than that the reforms having happened means that the climate crisis is far, far, far less acute in the 21st century.



Attempting a coup in Equatorial Guinea, as in OTL but TTL he's appropriately punished.



I think her legacy TTL will be less "divisive" (to use the correct lingo), partly due to the fact that she's around for a lot shorter time and also because she failed, ultimately. Not to say that she won't have had her detractors in the years since...



We're all a slave to something...
hmm i would have thought Carol Thatcher might have been mentioned. She was actually rather more able than Mark
 
hmm i would have thought Carol Thatcher might have been mentioned. She was actually rather more able than Mark
She certainly was (not that that was a huge challenge tbh) but, let's face it, if Thatcher was going to stitch up a parliamentary seat for any of her children, it was going to be Mark...
 
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She certainly was (not that that was a huge challenge tbh) but, let's face it, if Thatcher was going to stitch up a parliamentary seat for any of there children, it was going to be Mark...
yes its just a shame she never seemed to register on her mother's radar, just as she (MT) almost never mentioned her own Mother, as opposed to her Father. Throughout her career other Women seem to have been invisible to her, except as secretaries and suchlike..
 
Austria New
Austria, officially the Kingdom of Austria, is a constitutional monarchy in central and southern Europe. It is bordered by Bavaria to the north, the Commonwealth of Independent States to the north and west, the UN Trust Territory of Former Yugoslavia to the south and southwest, Italy to the south and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. It is composed of thirteen provinces, of which one is Vienna, the capital and largest city. Austria occupies an area of 125,051 km2 (48,282 sq mi) and has a population of over 13 million people. The ICU lists Austria’s GDP at the end of the second quarter of 2020 as being 688.7 billion bancors, making it the eighth largest economy in Europe (not including the United Kingdom or the European Benelux countries). While German is the country’s official language, the country is linguistically diverse and many Austrians communicate in Italian, Slovenian and Croatian (which also have legal protection as regional languages), as well as a variety of regional Bavarian dialects.

Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and an archduchy. It served as the heart of the Habsburg family’s territories, one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. It became the administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire and, early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire. Following the Napoleonic Wars, the country was a member of the German Confederation but rivalry with Prussia saw it pursue an independent course. In 1867, following defeat in the Austro-Prussian War, Austria entered into a compromise with the Habsburg Hungarian lands, leading to the establishment of the Dual Monarchy. Defeat in the Great War saw the Habsburgs lose control of their Hungarian possessions. In 1937, appeals to pan-Germanism saw the country join with Germany to form the Greater German Empire.

As part of the Greater German Empire, Austria fought in the World War and was defeated once more. On this occasion, the country came under the tripartite occupation of the Americans, the Soviets and the Commonwealth, with the Soviet-occupied territories, the historical regions of Bohemia and Moravia, being hived off as the independent republic of Czechia in 1955. That same year, the remaining Austrian territories were granted independence. Under the long reign of King Otto (1922-2007), the country was stabilised and developed into one of the most advanced economies in Europe. Because of the success of left wing political parties, the prevalence of collectivised businesses and farms, as well as Otto's personal informality, the country was often referred to as “Europe’s Crowned Republic” in the postwar period.

Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a Chancellor as head of the federal government and a monarch, currently Charles II, as the ceremonial leader of the nation. Major urban areas include Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Lalbach and Trieste, as well as the capital city of Vienna. The country is ethnically diverse. Although Austrians had historically been considered ethnic Germans, since the World War Austrians and migrants or refugees from the other German nations have been counted as a separate ethnicity on official censuses. A small majority of the country’s population are Austrian, with Slovenians and Italians together making up just over a quarter. The remainder of the population is mostly made up of Germans, Croats and other Slavs.

Austria is consistently ranked amongst the richest countries in the world in GDP per capita terms and has also achieved high rankings in the Human Development Index. Austria is a member of the United Nations, ICU and World Bank Group, as well as numerous other international organisations. In November 2010, it signed a landmark security and military cooperation agreement with Italy, which would include the creation of a new joint naval and expeditionary force.

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