Tellurus: a worldbuilding project

What color scheme should Tellurus use?


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  • Poll closed .
Tellurus Pangea 250 mya and modern times
  • Here's the same map i posted in the map thread, except now it's labelled. Some places still needs names, and all names are not final.
    pangeanew.png
     
    Tellurus 420 mya & 600 mya
  • Is that the Pangaea stage in the first of the two maps you just posted? That's amazing, this has to be one of the most geologically thorough worldbuilding projects I've seen thus far on AH.com.
    Yes it is. Thanks for the compliments, I really like paleogeography so worldbuilding is a fun exercise.
    Here's another one i made, set before the last Pangea stage in this worlds' equivalent of the Paleozoic era. The color coding is the same as the last map so it should keep it obvious what is what.

    tellurus pre pangea.png


    Here's the "Pannotia" stage as well for gits and shiggles. EDIT: Remade to be like previous maps.

    rodinia3.png
     
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    Pannotia formation 600mya
  • Progress on the Rodinia map, i've laid out the fragments from it that combined into Eurusia (My worlds "Gondwana"). Now I just have to move them around and rebuild Rodinia. The colors are unrelated to the other maps, mostly.
    rodinia cratons.png
     
    Paleogeographic history
  • Could i get some feedback i made on this writeup about Tellurus and its tectonic history?

    ~1.1 billion years ago to 750 million years ago: The Tellurus equivalent of Rodinia forms. Unknown cratonic fragments combined to form it. The majority of the worlds cratons are assembled surrounding the continent of Talamor. Central Ozara and Southern Rhodin are chains of islands and cratons moving toward the supercontinent as it moves toward the south pole. Several Snowball Tellurus events occur during this time.

    750 mya - 600 mya: The Rodinian continent rifts along eastern margin of Talamor, and the fragments slowly collide with one another and the cratons sutured to southern Archeomedia (Equatoria, Serica and western Capricornia), forming the supercontinent of Pannotia and also the future lands of Rhodin and Ozara. This process doesn't fully complete until 520 mya but by then the supercontinent has fragmented, leaving behind the core of Protoeurusia.

    600 mya - 420 mya: Archeomedia and Archeoborea (Talamor, Sibirica and Central Hatar) rifts from Protoeurusia (Avarda, Ozara, Rhodin and eastern Capricornia), but then also rift from each other. Archeomedia then breaks up into its constituent fragments; one of which, Central Hatar, collides with Northern Hatar: which rifted from the margin of Aquilonia and Ozara at an unknown time. Hatar, Sibirica and Talamor stay near eachother for the time, eventually reforming into Protoborea.

    420 mya to 300 mya: Subduction trenches pull Protoborea, Protoeurusia and Archeomedia back towards eachother in a different configuration, eventually creating Pangea. Archeomedia and Protoeurusia collide first, forming the Trancapricornian Mountains. The continents move away from the south pole and towards the equator as they converge. The south pole passes from being in Rhodin to Ozara at this time.

    300 mya - 200 mya: Pangea fully forms as Protoborea collides into northern Archeomedia. About halfway through the era, the largest mass extinction in the planets history takes place. The supercontinent begins to rift towards the end of this time as microcontinents rift from northern former Archeomedia (Capricornia/Avarda) and move towards Serratar (Serica, Sibirica and Hatar), And Talamor begins to break away.

    200 mya - 175 mya: Pangea fully breaks apart as Equatoria and Serratar join Talamor in breaking off, forming the continent of Borea. The rest of the worlds combined landmasses , Notia, soon breaks up into Eurusia (Rhodin and Ozara) and Greater Capricornia (including Avarda). Malag at first rifts from Ozara, then rifts from Capricornia instead to drift with Ozara.

    175 mya - 125 mya: Borea and Eurusia slowly break apart at this time. Southern Serica rifts from Capricornia and collides into Serratar. New Talamor rifts from Eurusia (Rhozaraland), and Avarda starts rifting as well. The tectonic plate carrying Talamor changes direction and new rifts form in between it and Equatoria and Natecuya. Also, Aquilonia begins colliding with Talamor towards the end of the period.

    125 mya - 65 mya: Avarda moves towatds Serratar along with Rhodin, having recently rifted from Ozara finally during this time. New Talamor and Talamor finally collide, creating large inland seas. Capricornia becomes isolated during this time, along with Ozara and Equatoria. Talamor remains connected to Serratar through Aquilonia, and to Equatoria through Natecuya. This time period ends with another mass extinction, wiping out the dinosaurs and most other species almost everywhere.

    65 mya - 5 mya: Avarda finally collides with Serratar and Rhodin follows not long after, creating the Mediterranean Sea. Talamor finally completely separates from Equatoria, but then begins collding with Ozara. This leads to a large population exchange. Ozara begins showing the opening stages of rifting apart with a large rift valley forming on the continent. Humanity's ancestors will soon roam this rift valley. At the very end of this time period, Tapron finally breaks off Avarda and moves towards, Capricornia, disrupting the world climate and causing another population exchange.

    5 mya - 7,000 years ago: The Mediterranean Sea completely dries up when it is temporarily blocked off from the ocean by Rhodin's northeastward motion. The worlds landmasses are pretty much similar to modern times at this point. The north pole, blocked by Talamor and Serratar, experiences glaciations, which cause the worlds sea level to drop. Humankind evolves during this time, along with the invention of fire and the use of stone tools. They take advantage of the lower sea level to spread across the world. Anatomically modern humans appear at 300 kya, and by 40 kya most other species and subspecies of human are exctinct or endangered.

    7 kya - Now: The last proglacial phase of the ice age ends and sea levels rise once more. Humanity, isolated and diverse, discovers farming, bronze working and eventually writing. The year is [5546 B.C.], and civilization has begun in at least one part of Tellurus.

    Sorry for any spelling errors, i wrote this on my phone.
     
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    The area of Tellurus map results
  • Well, here are the results anyways. XD
    This doesnt include the new antarctic lands.

    Molleweide projection map results
    area map 2.png

    Tellurus 1,546,000 pixels 197,000,000 sq mi

    Total sq mi ÷ total pixels =127.43 (multiply this number with pixels to get sq mi)

    All oceans combined 977,808 pixels 124,602,073 sq mi

    Serica 81,944 pixels 10,442,124 sq mi (4th)

    Hatar 40,313 pixels 5,137,086 sq mi (6th)

    Rhodin 44,156 pixels 5,626,799 sq mi (5th)

    The previous 3 combined 166,413 pixels 21,206,009,sq mi

    Talamor 110,194 pixels 14,042,021 sq mi (2nd)

    Ozara 127,566 pixels 16,255,735 sq mi (1st)

    The previous 2 combined 237,760 pixels 30,297,757 sq mi

    Equatoria 69,010 pixels 8,793,944 sq mi (5th)

    Capricornia 93,713 pixels 11,941,842 sq mi (3rd)

    Southeast Ocean islands 1,087 pixels 138,516 sq mi (7th)

    Grand total 196,980,141 sq mi


    Something noteworthy in my opinion is that Tellurus has about 70 million square miles of land, meaning Tellurus is only 63% covered in water compared to Earth's 71%. I have no idea what this would do to the climate.
     
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    Tellurus Solar System
  • First iteration of Solar system planet names, as well as their sizes for comparison. I plan on adding moons to the gas giants at a later point. Edit: Gas/Ice giant moons named.

    Planets and moons over 60mi in diameter listed here:

    PHLOGIS

    SEMREH

    AEREHTYC
    eunomis

    TELLURUS
    eos
    ersa

    THRAX +ADRESTIA

    THEMIS
    I
    II
    III
    IV
    auxa
    carpo
    thallo
    eirene
    X
    XI
    XII
    XIII
    XIV
    XV
    XVI

    CAELUS
    I
    II
    III
    IV
    lactanius
    trivia
    hyginus
    cicero
    nocturnus
    varro
    olympion

    HEMERA
    morheus
    phebetor
    phantassos
    momus
    apate
    pontus
    thal
    suruna
    aiga
    oizys
    rehtea

    CETUS
    cepheus

    HECATE+HYPNOS

    EREBUS
    atropos
    lachesis
    clotho
    naru
    ananke
    aion
    hesiod
    geras
    khaos

    Version 0.3
    solarsystem.png
     
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    Paleogeographic maps 4/24/18
  • Current paleogeography status. Removed some planned maps (far too many in the Paleogene) and changed the dates of others. Which should I do next?
    800mya (Tonian) done
    650mya (Cryogenian) done
    600mya (Ediacaran) done
    540mya (Cambrian) done

    450mya (Ordovician) 0%
    425mya (Silurian) done
    400mya (Devonian) 0%
    350mya (Mississippian) done
    300mya (Pennsylvanian) 0%
    275mya (Permian) done
    250mya (Triassic) 0%
    175mya (Jurassic) 0%
    100mya (Cretaceous) 0% (these mesozoic ones will likely be the most difficult for me to make)
    64mya (Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary) done
    30mya (Oligocene) 0%
    5mya (Pliocene) 0%
    26kya (Pleistocene) 0%
    Modern Day (Holocene) done

    https://imgur.com/gallery/mtVNMHS link to most of the maps I've made for paleo Tellurus
     
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    Finished river maps
  • At long last, the rivers (and the terrain by proxy) are finally completed! If anyone wants a certain version of the map(blank, major rivers only, river basins), just let me know.
    tellurus_rivers.png
    phys_newtellurus_rivers.png
    clim_newtellurus_rivers.png
     
    Timeline beginning (0-720 AF)
  • Tellurus timeline first draft

    c. -300ky AF: Modern humans first appear in central Rhodin near the Hadban Plateau. The Middle Stone Age begins in Rhodin.
    c. -250ky AF: *Neanderthals first appear in Hatar.
    c. -225ky AF: Modern humans reach western Serratar (Serica).
    c. -200ky AF: The world has a population of 300,000 modern humans, and an unknown number of *Neanderthals.
    c. -190ky AF: Modern humans reach northern Ozara (and eventually Talamor) from Rhodin after crossing the Ashufe islands, which are land-bridges between the continents during colder eras.
    c. -170ky AF: Humans have invented clothing by this year.
    c. -120ky AF: The world's climate is warm as it reaches the peak of the interglacial period.
    c. -117ky AF: Northern Ozara's desert regions become fertile grassland.
    c. -112ky AF: The Last glacial period begins. The world's temperatures and sea levels drop.
    c. -87ky AF: Northern Ozara becomes desert once again.
    c. -79ky AF: Personal jewelry is invented in north Rhodin.
    c. -72ky AF: The last large-scale migration between Rhodin and Ozara occurs.
    c. -70.5ky AF: A (unnamed) supervolcano erupts in the Sund Archipelago, bringing the population of the human race as low as 15,000 when it creates volcanic winter for a few years.
    c. -67ky AF: The oldest symbolic art, its meaning long ago lost, is created in central Ozara. It is only stones engraved with patterns, but marks the rise of human creativity.
    c. -64ky AF: Modern humans and *Neanderthals interbreed and mix DNA in central Serratar and Rhodin.
    c. -50ky AF: Sewing is invented by this point in Serratar.
    c. -47ky AF: Ozaran deserts begin to become fertile and the Later Stone Age begins on the continent.
    c. -40ky AF: Modern humans reach the *Neanderthal-populated Hatar.
    c. -39ky AF: Fishing technology is improved greatly by the skilled ocean travelers of the Sund Archipelago. Deep sea fishes are easily caught by humans at this time, who slowly spread south toward Capricornia.
    c. 37ky AF: Modern humans become alone in the world when *Neanderthals become completely extinct. The true cause of their demise is unknown.
    c. 37ky AF: Human remains are cremated ritually for the first time in northern Capricornia, which is settled by humans around this time as well.
    c. -32ky AF: Humans begin making humanlike figures as opposed to just animal-like ones around this time.
    c. 30ky AF: Dogs are domesticated in Hatar and Sibirica by this time.
    c. -28ky AF: The glaciers begin expanding once more, and the last glacial maximum before modern times begins.
    c. -25.5ky AF: The Ateilu Plateau of Capricornia is fully colonized by people from Avarda or northern Capricornia.
    c -25ky AF: Ropes and ovens are both invented around this time. The world's population reaches 1 million.
    c. -23.3ky AF: The height of the last glacial maximum occurs at this point.
    c. -23ky AF: People are using baskets and nets made from fibers by this period. Harpoons and saws are also invented.
    c. -18ky AF: Humans begin crossing south through the arid regions of Capricornia.
    c. -17ky AF: Pottery is used for the first recorded time in Serica. The Epipaleolithic, or late old stone age, begins in western Rhodin.
    c. -13ky AF: Humans reach Equatoria around this time, the last continent to be inhabited by humans.
    c. -12.5ky AF: Evidence of expansion by hunter-gatherers from the Kubuzor Mountains eastward towards the Central Hataric basin.
    c. -11.5ky AF: The deserts of Rhodin and Ozara (possibly other places as well) becomes green and humid. Many people move into the newly habitable lands. The pig is domesticated at this time in some places.
    c. -10ky AF: The beginning of the end of the last glaciation. The world's population is 3 million people.
    c. -9800 AF: A large amount of freshwater is added to the world's oceans when a large glacial lake experiences an outbreak in Talamor. This cools the ocean's temperatures. Sheep are domesticated around this time as well.
    c. -9700 AF: The climate suddenly cools, destroying the cereals eaten by the semi-sedentary Efotin in the Katal Rift Valley. This may have forced them to eventually develop agriculture.
    c. -9000 AF: By this point, southern Capricornia, southern Equatoria and the Haluum islands have all been colonized by people. There would be no major expansion for humans until the glaciers receded.


    BC12000.png

    (Tellurus -8,800 AF)

    c. -8800 AF: Goats are domesticated by humans in Rhodin and Serratar.
    c. -8500 AF: Global warming suddenly accelerates, marking the beginning of the Holocene Epoch.
    c- -8000 AF: Sea levels rise as the glaciers recede, and the first ever temples are built in Lotan (cental Serratar).
    c. -7800 AF: The area around the future city of Edad is settled for the first time, making it the oldest permanent settlement.
    c. -7500 AF: Cattle may have been domesticated at this point.
    c. -7000 AF: The Neolithic begins in Miscaya. People begin burying their dead ancestor in the floors of buildings. Edad has city walls by this time, and thousands of people living in it.
    c. -6800 AF: End of the last glaciation. Many large animals become endangered and sea levels rise throughout the world. Many people are now isolated.
    c. -6000 AF: The oldest cities are created in the Miscaya valley of western Rhodin, and in the nearby region of Katal.
    c. - 5800 AF: The Neolithic revolution begins as farming is develop in several areas. Wealth and inequality become a part of human life.
    c. -5800 AF: Goats and dogs are domesticated, and copper is discovered.
    c. -5000 AF: World population reaches 5 million. Life expectancy is incredibly low but rising with the advent of agriculture.
    c. -4800 AF: Agriculture is developed in Miscaya and several other places, and sheep and cats are domesticated.
    c. -3800 AF: Agriculture is also adopted in Serica and Esirta.
    c. -3600 AF: Pigs are domesticated throughout the world by this point.
    c. -3300 AF: Farming begins in Miscaya, leading to increased population and urbanization.
    c. -2900 AF; The cow is domesticated in Miscaya.
    c. -2800 AF: The last land-bridge connecting Yseia to mainland Hatar sinks beneath rising sea levels. The sea level rises 20 feet in 150 years. Sea levels also separate Tapron from Capricornia.
    c. -2800 AF: Horses become endangered in Talamor. It would take millennia for their numbers to recover.
    c.- 2800 AF: First use of copper in Miscaya. Agriculture spreads to Lotan and northern Ahurastan. Bricks are used in Ahurastan as well.
    c. -2400 AF: The Blood Sea floods with salt water after having been blocked from both the Thalmedic and Aqta seas.
    c. -2200 AF: Irrigation begins in Kyngir, a region near the mouth of the Miscayan river valley.
    c. -2200 AF: Large volcanic eruption in Nifland to the far north occurs, having unknown effects on the world.
    c. -2000 AF: The total number of people in the world is about 7 million.
    c. -1900 AF: The first large temples are built in Miscaya. At this point priest-kings rule the small growing cities in the region.
    c. -1800 AF: Farming and agriculture spread to Hatar, and the Mexas plateau and Unia in Talamor.
    c. -1800 AF: Agriculture begins in Talamor and Equatoria, independently of the rest of the world.
    c. -1200 AF: Water Buffalo domesticated in Serica.
    c. - 1100 AF: Brewing of alcohol and other liquids is invented in Miscaya.
    c. -900 AF: Sailboats, the wheel, astronomy, astrology, civil law and mathematics are all slowly developed and created in Kyngir and Miscaya over the next millennium.
    c.-800 AF: The world's population is about 10 million people.
    c. - 800 AF: Rise of the Knoasic Civilization on the island of Hekila in the Pelasian archipelago.
    c. -800 AF: The horse is domesticated in central Serratar.
    c. -800 AF: Potter's wheel invented in Esirta (between Katal and Ahurastan).
    c. -700 AF: People begin using the plough.
    c. -600 AF: Proto-Miscayan settlements in southern Rhodin are abandoned. Mass graves are created in Katal, likely caused by heavy warfare.
    c. -500 AF: Early settlers in Yseia begin building large amounts of monuments serving religious/time recording purposes.
    c. -400 AF: Civilization begins in Kyngir. Irrigation and urbanization has led to a massive population increase.
    c. -400 AF: First recorded use of mummification in the Arhasi region, as a way of preserving ancestors/leaders.
    c. -300 AF: The Arhasi basin and northern Ozara begin transforming from semi-arid savanna to full blown desert. Mass emigration to the river valleys occurs.
    c. -300 AF: Tin is discovered. Bronze tools are used in Kyngir.
    c. -300 AF: Wheeled vehicles spread from Miscaya to Ahurastan and Hatar.
    c. -300 AF: The first proper cities are founded in Miscaya, things like dams, canals, inclined planes and levers are invented and used.
    c. - 200 AF: Archaic cuneiform sees usage in Miscaya, proto-writing using symbols for characters.
    c. -100 AF: The central Rhodin and northern Ozara have fully desertified at this point, forcing the inhabitants to settle near rivers, most of which begin farming and irrigating.
    c. -100 AF: Proto-writing begins in the Arhasi river valley, the land known as Tymria. It appears in the form of small ivory and clay tags used as labels for containers. They also begin using cattle in this area, and domesticate the wild ass (very funny). Several independent states form along the river.
    c. -100 AF: The Rasan Civilization begins in northeastern Avarda, the first true civilization in the subcontinent and sees the rise of city-states in the area.
    c. -100 AF: The Bronze age begins in the Katalian and Miscayan valleys.
    c. -50 AF: By this point, several city-states are established in Kyngir. The most influential in this era were Nissar and Marun.
    -25 AF: Supposed year the mythical figure An-Luru rose to power in Nidunu, a smaller city state in Kyngir. He is said to have conquered or defeated the other cities of Kyngir, Edad, Urubar and Esirta during his reign, making him the leader of one of the first ever empires. He becomes the first king in Kyngir.
    1 AF (Akwar's Founding / After Founding): The City of Akwar is founded in the Miscayan valley, and it's founders begin using a pictogram writing language, This date is used by several later empires as a way to trace back their lineage and legitimize their claims. It soon rises in power in Kyngir. Legend writes that the city was founded by Nidunuan King An-Luru, on top of an already existing smaller settlement.
    65 AF: Supposed year of the death of An-Luru, if the legends turn out to be true. His empire collapses entirely upon his death, with the new city of Akwar becoming dominant over Nidunu and other cities for a time. No city-state's leader holds the title of king after him, and all eventually begin fighting for control to prove themselves worthy of the title.
    70 AF: Tymria is united for the first time. All the states are conquered by Lord Akben of Riphem, who makes it the capital of the entire country.
    c.100 AF: Drainage/sewage systems created in Avarda.
    125 AF: Nidunu is destroyed by a flooding of the Miscaya river and the last alleged descendant of An-Luru is killed. The city is rebuilt over the next decades. The other cities of the region are affected as well, but to a lesser known extent.
    c.200 AF: The population of the world is around 25 million by this year.
    c. 200 AF: Bronze age begins in Knoas.
    c.220 AF The dominant cities of Kyngir are Akwar, Marun and Nissar. Smaller cities are Nidunu, Nagshe, Surun and Narshu.

    BC3000.png

    (220 AF
    Two nascent civilizations exist in the dry northwestern corner of the continent of Rhodin. In the north, the civilization of the Tymrians, irrigating the Arhasi river and previously disunited, have been brought together under a single dynasty, which has ruled since 70 AF.
    The second is the civilization of the Kyngirians, in the large Miscayan valley of western Rhodin. Many small city states, sharing the same language and this newly invented creation called writing, preside on the southern bank of the Miscaya river. Having long been ruled by priest-kings, a new era is dawning, an era that will mark the first chapters of history.)


    c.300 AF: Approximate year that Edad is founded on the ruins of an older settlement north of Kyngir, lower on the Miscaya river. This gives them an advantage in river trade over the other city-states.
    c. 300 AF: Akwar is the richest city in Kyngir, and the largest in the world with 30,000 inhabitants.
    c.330 AF: Akwar conquers Nissar and Nidunu, its lord declares himself King, the first since the death of An-Luru (if he existed).
    c.350 AF: Supposed founding of the semi-mythical Gandao Kingdom
    c.330-600 AF: Very vague details about political events in Miscaya during this time period.
    c.460 AF: Nissar becomes dominant over Akwar at this point, taking the Kingship as well. Nidunu also becomes independent again.
    c.600 AF: Nidunu defeats Nissar and takes the Kingship.
    c. 600 AF: Camels are domesticated.
    c.620 AF: Akwar's lords become King for the second time after they burn down Nidunu.
    620 AF: Writing is developed fully in Kyngir and Tymria, and recorded history officially begins.
    675 AF: Edad is abandoned for a generation after it is burned down and destroyed by warriors from the neighboring city-state of Terit (possibly aided by the Urubarans).
    680 AF: The kingship goes to Marun in northeastern Kyngir.
    697 AF: Edad is reestablished, with it's new lord declaring himself king (separate from the kingship feud of Kyngir). Other Edadian cities (Terit, Muqihar, and Tuqut) are later conquered as well.
    c. 700 AF: Uhaakin people settle in Katal, their origins are unknown.
    700 AF: Kutarim in Rasan is the largest city in the world, with about 50,000 people.
    714 AF: Akwar defeats Marun and the city-states in between as well, its ruling dynasty becoming kings a third time.
    720 AF: OFFICIAL START OF TIMELINE(2500 BC) Kyngir begins using a calendar that sets the founding of Akwar by An-Luru as year 1, and the current year as 720. The Kyngir kings in Akwar use this as mentioned before. It's spreads to the rest of the world much later.
    c.720 AF onwards : Great pyramids are built in Kaerm and Tymria, along with many large temples. Scribes flourish in Kyngir.
    c.720 AF: Sutarba is established east of Kyngir. Cities north and east of Kyngir grow in power.

    BC2500.png

    (720 AF: Half a millennium later, and civilization has spread across the sea. The spread of writing leads to civilization forming northwest of the Kyngirians, many different tribes forming nation states. There are :
    KYNGIR: The OGs. Already ancient at this point. Invented writing and perfected irrigation. They build large temples in each city to patron gods(They're basically Sumerians). Don't know it right know but they're past their prime.
    SUTARBANS: A newer city-state upriver from Kyngir, they have have embraced writing and civilization, but that's not enough for some. At least one cup-bearer to a city's king has his mind on bigger and better things.
    URUBARANS: Embracing writing greatly, have taking to archiving all of their short history so far. They speak a "Syriac" language similar to Eblaite. Already been in the city business for thousands of years.
    EDAD: Similar to Mariote in language, they're the opposing group to Kyngir on the Miscaya River. About to start a hundred year long war with Urubar. It should be paying more attention to the south than the north, but they'll find out.
    To the north of them lie the UHAAKIN tribes, polytheistic and reaping the benefits of their strategic location. One major tribe worships Nagadu, a fertility god with the body of a man and fish combined. Their people cross the straits of Katal to border the next land. They speak a language like that of early Canaanites.
    ESIRTA: Combining a language isolate and Sutarban cuneiform, creates an odd place. House Navas rules the land during this time. Trade and cross-naval invasion are common with the Miscayans. They are most akin to Elam.
    RASAN: Successful and prosperous, the Rasan people thrive in their irrigated cities. They are among the oldest civilizations, and incredibly peaceful compared to their neighbors. Equivalent to Harappa.
    On an island in the Thalmedic, lies KNOAS. A thousand years after beginning the use of bronze tools, several towns have become prosperous enough to exert power over the nearby areas. They mostly trade with the natives of the other islands and the peninsulas to the west. Basically Minoans.
    Going east, the TYMRIAN civilization continues growing in the Arhasi. It now has a new neighbor, the KAERM, in the south. From the Kaerm they learn pyramid building. Both nations know, or care, little of the other lands. Egypt and Nubia.
    Far to the west, lie the early GANDAO kingdoms, whose dynasty has recently been overthrown by upstarts that will last for thousands of years. Or, at least that's what their descendants will write down.)
     
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    Timeline (720-970 AF)
  • 720 AF - 1220 AF: Kutarim has 35,000 people during this time.
    725 AF: Nagshe conquers all of Kyngir and take the Kingship for themselves.
    755 AF: Nagshe collapses by this point, Nidunu takes the Kingship and Marun and Nissar become independent as well.
    765 AF: Less than a decade later, Nidunu is defeated and conquered by Marun, leaving only themselves and Akwar independent in Kyngir. They remain in control several decades.
    763-768 AF: War erupts between Edad and Urubar, with Urubar emerging victorious about half a decade later. Urubar is said to have allied itself with The city of Marun in order to defeat Edad.
    c.770 AF: Esirtans tribes cross the Katal strait to attempt to occupy regions of Kyngir.
    c.800 AF: Uhaakin and Katalic tribes begin settling the northern side of the Miscayan River, coming into conflict with Kyngirans.
    808 AF: The far-east city-state of Narshu, invades downriver and conquers Marun and Kyngir. They are unable the hold all of it, and Kyngir west of Nidunu breaks free. Nidunu takes the kingship.
    c.810 AF: The Kings in Kyngir no longer are the high priests of their patron Gods, a sort of separation of state and church.
    815 AF: After gathering their strength, Narshu successfully takes Nidunu and the Kingship as well.
    c.820 AF: The Esirtans become civilized (unified into stronger city-states and adopting Kyngirian customs) around this time in western Katal. The most powerful of the Esirtan cities are Nisuni and Dheliva.
    c.860 AF: A volcanic eruption in the northern Tavaric ocean cause a long winter for a few years.
    867 AF: Marun rises up and defeats Narshu, refracturing Kyngir. Marun claims the kingship and begins reconquering the other city-states.
    871 AF: The Katalic city of Urubar is destroyed for the first time, by tribes from the north. Edad is also significantly weakened as well.
    883 AF: The city-state of Marun under King Naru-Sin reconquers all of Kyngir for a short time. He even crosses the sea of Katal and attacks the land of Esirta, but fails to conquer them.
    885 AF: The city of Narrak is founded by people of the same name.
    889 AF: Lord Buguran comes to power in Narrak. He spends the first few years of his rule quelling rebellions in his newly founded kingdom. He then begins taking advantage of the power vacuum left by Edad's weakness, and preparing to exploit his percieved weakness of Marun's King.
    895 F: Narshu is the first city of Kyngir to fall to Narrak, with eastern Edadian lands(Terit and Muqihar) falling a year earlier.
    c.900 AF: Historical texts from Kyngir mention Kamnag to the south for the first time, as well as the Rasan port city of Ehulim. Trade between the two mentioned lands and Miscaya occurs at this time.
    902 AF: Marun falls to Narrak, with king Naru-Sin being taken prisoner by Buguran, his eventual fate unknown. Marun falls out of relevance afterwards. Buguran takes the title King for himself.
    906 AF: Akwar falls, signalling the complete conquest of Kyngir by Narrak. Buguran begins campaigning upriver.
    909 AF: Sutarba is conquered by Buguran, who conquers several tribes to the south as well and founding several cities.
    911 AF: Edad itself falls to Narrak after being weakened by past tribal invasions. Buguran marches his army north towards Katal.
    914 AF:Urubar and its territories of both sides of the Katal Rift surrender to Buguran, giving him a jumping off point to attack Esirta.
    916 AF: Dheliva is captured by Narrak, and the Esirtans make peace with Buguran by accepting tributary status.
    919 AF: One of Buguran's final campaign's before rebellions became to widespread in his land was his invasion of Kamnag. With his success there, the first great empire (that outlives its creator) the world has seen had been created. Stretching from southern Esirta in the west, Uhaakin in the north, Miscaya in the east and to Kamnag in the south, it was certainly the largest nation to yet exist.
    920 AF: The Esirtans resume independent status as several rebellions begin in the Narrakian Empire.
    c.920 AF: Metalworking spreads to northern Hatar.


    920AF.png

    920 AF
    The NARRAKIANS have conquered the entire Miscayan Valley, the coast up to the Uhaakin and down to the Kamnag, and portions of Esirta. Their legendary king Buguran has united most of the known world. Whether it outlives him or not remains to be seen.
    ESIRTA have become tributary to Narrak after the last invasion by Buguran. This is surely a temporarily thing, according to local leaders when not near Narrakian soldiers.
    UHAAKIN, RASAN, KNOAS, TYMRIA, KAERM, and GANDAO all continue on mostly as before.

    943 AF: King Buguran dies fighting rebels in his last years. Narrak reaches its apex of power. Naram-Bur becomes king.
    c.955 AF: The northern Narrakian empire, the lands around Edad and Urubar, is lost to Katalians. Edad is destroyed once again.
    969 AF: Naram-Bur is assassinated, and his successor is his son Talush.
    c.970 AF: Maize is farmed in Natecuya, a large island between Talamor and Equatoria.

    970AF.png

    970 AF
    URUBAR and EDAD are reestablished, but the NARRAKIAN empire stays alive for now.
    The NEATHUQ people establish a proto-state in the eastern Ayalam mountains, and begin raiding their neighbors. No major changes border-wise to the rest of the world.
     
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    Timeline (980-1220 AF)
  • I'll try to make it more detailed as I go, I promise. :p

    c.980 AF: Narrak is the largest city in the world with 40,000 residents, as Kutarim's population declines for unknown reasons.
    998 AF: King Talush dies and is succeeded by his son Kalishar.
    c.1000 AF: Under the eye of a great comet, the Neathuqi tribes from northwest of Esirta invade and raze the city of Narrak.
    c.1020 AF: Nomads continue to invade the remains of Narrak, It's power crippled after the fall of it's capital, which is still being rebuilt at this point.
    1025 AF: Kalishar is assassinated and chaos erupts in Narrak over who his successor should be. Iginum becomes King after a bloody struggle.
    1029 AF: Iginum is killed as well, and Nali-Sharri becomes king.
    1042 AF: The Neathuqi also attack Narrak and burn the city down yet again, bringing its empire to its end. Nali-Sharri dies during the battle and his son Shudur becomes Lord of Narrak. Nagshe takes the kingship, and the other city-states regain independence. Neathuqi tribes remain dominant in former conquered Narrak lands, with Narrak itself left a shadow of its former self. Trade with Kamnag and Rasan collapses.
    c.1050 AF: A large drought hits Tymria, leading to the collapse of the old Kingdom. The country becomes disunited once more.
    1065 AF: Narrak itself is occupied by the Neathuqi, ending it's independence and the reign of Shudur.
    1069 AF: Nagshe is defeated by the Neathuqi who then take the kingship for themselves.
    1072 AF: The Neathuqi invade and take the city of Akwar itself, confirming their dominance in western Kygnir.
    1081 AF: Neathuqi people conquer the eastern city of Sutarba, establishing their own dynasty in the river valley they now completely dominate. A Kyngiran empire is created but with a Neathuqi dynasty in control.
    c.1099 AF: The city of Nagshe rises up against the Neathuqi, their rebellion succeeds for about a decade.



    1100AF.png

    1100 AF
    The NEATHUQI people are dominant in Miscaya, and also control(led) the KYNGIR ciy-states of AKWAR and NAGSHE indirectly, although the former is in the process of breaking away and the latter has already done so. The Neathuqi have also taken further amounts of territory from the ESIRTANS. Also new is KAMNAG, a former Narrakian vassal that's now a trading partner to the Miscayans to the north. Nothing changes much elsewhere


    1109 AF: The Neathuqi brutally crush Nagshe and raze the city, prompting more rebellions in occupied Kyngiran cities.
    1110 AF: Akwar goes to war with the Neathuqi, spreading the large rebellion against the Neathuqi occupiers.
    c.1120 AF: Devastating floods occur in Uhaakin.
    1120 AF: A code of laws is established in Akwar, the first of its kind. Akwar takes the former lands of Nagshe from the Neathuqi and expel them Nagshe as well. All of Kyngir is united by the Akwarans, who retake the Kingship once more.
    1151 AF: The Chūn Dynasty is established in central Serica when the city of Chángchūn dominates all other cities in the area around the Jade River and establishes a long-lasting dynasty.
    c.1160 AF: Great floods occur in the northwest part of the Chūn lands. A great humanitarian effort is undertaken by Chūn rulers as they rebuild the water-destroyed lands.
    1175 AF: The Chūn Emperor organizes the new country into provinces, which cover some nearby tribes as well that the Chūn plans to dominate.
    1164 AF: Tymria is reunited once again when Tyrseth, the main city in Upper Tymria, dominates the city of Riphem in Lower Tymria.
    1166 AF: The last Neathuq-controlled city in Miscaya falls to Akwar, marking the rise of the Neo-Kyngiran empire. Trade with other areas across the sea is resumed.
    1197 AF: The Chūn Dynasty defeats a large rebellion.
    c.1200 AF: The world reaches a population of about 40 million people.
    c.1200 AF: Invention of glass.
    c. 1200 AF: Cacao is farmed in Natecuya.
    c. 1200 AF: Ancestors of the Dursini people arrive in Albala from an unknown place. Their capital city, Tinua is founded as well.
    1209 AF: Another rebellion in Serica is also crushed this year.
    c.1210 AF: Edadians destroy Akwar, and the capital moves to Nagshe for a time.
    c.1220 AF: Iron age begins in Knoas.

    1220AF.png

    1220 AF
    The KYNGIRAN Empire has usurped Narrak, taking even more of ESIRTA and expanding down the Miscaya river. Esirta is their vassal for most of this period. In the East, TYMRIA reunites and expands towards oases in the nearby desert. Far to the northwest the CHUN Dynasty is established in Serica, the beginning of a long line of dynasties. No other border changes.
     
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    Timeline (1250-1570 AF)
  • c.1225 AF: Animal herders and farmers settle the northern tip of Ozara.
    1225 AF: Kyngir completely conquers the Miscayan Valley and southern Esirta, expanding their great empire. Tymria also expands at this time. The city of Sutarba is one of the last to fall, only falling this year.
    1231 AF: A revolt in the Neo-Kyngiran Empire sees Akwar defeated by Surun, which becomes capital of the empire and takes the Kingship there.
    c.1230 AF: Tymrian Kings lose a majority of their power, and decentralization occurs.
    1238 AF: An eclipse is recorded in Serica this year. Used by later astronomers to help historians date Chūn-era events.
    c.1250 AF: Wooly Mammoths are critically endangered in northern Sibirica.
    1271 AF: The Emperor of Chūn is assassinated by a warlord from a nearby tribe. The warlord becomes emperor while the original heir flees.
    1284 AF: Kyngir's empire collapses when invaders from Esirta attack and Surun's dynasty is wiped out along wth the city itself. Sutarba, Nidunu, Akwar and Nagshe break free and Esirta reconquers it's lost lands.
    1288 AF: Akwar is defeated and burned down by invading Edadians.
    1298 AF: A large flood occurs on the Yùjiāng (Jade River) in Serica. The Chūn Dynasty is crippled by this, but in ther later decades afterwards experiences a resurgence in prosperity.
    c.1300 AF: Rasan society begins to weaken and decline. Migrations force people from the north to settle on the border of the Rasan.
    1300 AF: Ancestors of the Achtomec people of southwest Talamor begin making beverages from cacao.
    1305-1315 AF: Tyrmia and Kaerm go to war for about a decade.
    1306 AF: The original heir to the Chūn dynasty return to reclaim his throne but fails and is killed. The Warlord Emperor (no name yet) intermarries with his family to cement his claim.
    1318 AF: The Nasenite people found the city of Sytha in the northwestern part of their lands in southern Lotan, it becomes their capital.
    c.1320 AF: Most Rasan port cities, like Ehulim and Kutarim, are abandoned.
    c.1320 AF: The Gandao Kingdom creates its first calendar, based off Ersa's lunar cycle.
    1328 AF: The city of Kadimar is founded, near the old ruins of Nissar.
    1330 AF: The capital is Serica is moved to Yuánjīng this year from Chángchūn.
    1335 AF: Chūn armies reach the West Serican Sea this year while subduing nearby tribes.
    c.1340-1350 AF: A great famine in Uhaakin causes people to settle the northern coastlines near Tymria.
    c.1350 AF: Ancestor veneration becomes the dominant religious practice in Chūn Serica. Their soldiers begin using armor around this time as well.
    c.1350 AF: Iron tools are introduced. This marks the ending of the Bronz Age and the beginning of the Iron Age.
    c. 1350 AF: The Nasenite people settle to the north of Neathuq, civilizing like their southern neighbors.
    1352 AF: Barbarians besiege Yuánjīng this year but are defeated thoroughly.
    1365 AF: Tymria goes to war with Kaerm, invading three times in the next 5 years.
    1370 AF: The city of Kaerm itself falls to Tymria, forcing the Kaerm people to move their capital south to Wedeb.


    1370AF.png

    1370 AF
    The NASENITE culture develops north of Neathuq, expanding the civilized world north and west. RASAN breaks up and shrinks as their society begins to destabilize. KYNGIR has completely collapsed, with many independent Katalic and Miscayan city-states, predominantly SUTARBA, filling the space of the old empire. The MUKANIAN period begins in the Pelasian peninsula when the adopt many ideas from nearby Knoas. TYMRIA takes control of many nearby desert oases, expanding greatly. People on SCYLL also learn much from Knoas and Tymria, opening trade up in the central Thalmedic.


    1375 AF: Kadimar conquers Nidunu and it's lands.
    1383 AF: Akwar becomes tributary to Kadimar after the later successfully invades the former.
    1391 AF: A large earthquake hits southern Albalon in the Thalmedic sea, creating tsunamis that hit Knoas and the coast of Tymria.
    c.1400 AF: Iron tools see ther use for the first time in Avarda.
    c.1420 AF: Permanent settlements are created for the first time in Natecuya.
    1421 AF: Sericans repulse another tribal invasion.
    c.1428 AF: Sutarba conquers Edad, leaving Miscaya mostly divided between Sutarba and Kadimar.
    c.1430 Katalic and Uhaakin settlers begin occupying lands in the Tymrian river delta, with the Kings powerless to do anything about it.
    c.1430 AF: Kadimar is the world's biggest city, with over 60,000 people.
    1434 AF: Katalic tribes invade and pillage the cities of Marun and Akwar
    1445 AF: The Běiměng people conquer the Chūn Dynasty and begin to expand the nation. They create the Lǎotóng (Old Bronze) dynasty and take control of most of central Serica.
    1450 AF: Droughts occur yet again in Serica, plaguing the new Lǎotóng dynasty at first.
    c.1450 AF: The city of Shawilu rises on the southern end of the Straits of Nysa.
    1453 AF: Sutarba's small empire collapses after a Kadimaran invasion. They retain control of their city, however.
    1466 AF: Edadian lands except for Edad itself are occupied by Kadimar, who has established itself into an empire at this point.
    1470 AF: Edad itself falls after a great seige, Kadimar now controls all of Miscaya except for Sutarba.
    1478 AF: Sutarba is defeated by the Kadimaran Empire, who reach their high mark after this victory.
    c.1470 AF: People from the north known as the Vardic people invade the Rasan civilization, destroying city after city. social order breaks down in Rasan.
    c. 1480 AF: The Hannarans, people possibly related to the Rasan's invaders or the Nasenites, cross the sea of Katal and settle in the land north of Edad and east of Urubar. They found the city Hannar, where their name comes from. They begin attacking the Kadimarans, who themselves are now plagued with rebellious cities.
    c.1480 AF Several large rebellions erupt in the Kadimaran empire.
    1481 AF: The ruling Emperor of Lǎotóng is banished by his court for his cruelty. The current prime minister rules as king in his place for four years.
    1494 AF: The Kadimaran empire weakens greatly when Sutarba and Hannaran Kingdom (ruling the lands of the Edadians) break free.
    c.1500 AF Tymria lower, northern half becomes slowly occupied by coastal tribes as government rule is greatly weakened. Tymria loses control of the desert oases as well.
    c.1500 AF: Huge volcanic eruption in Pelasia, recorded by the Knoasic civilization.
    1510 AF: Widespread drought in Serica. The capital is moved back to Chángchūn.
    1511 AF: Urubar conquers the Kingdom of Hannara
    c.1520 AF: Rasan completely collapses from migrations and invasion, with all of their cities becoming abandoned within a decade. The Rasan people themselves are assumed to have migrated to somewhere in southern Avarda, or intermixed with the invaders. At the same time, the Bronze age begins in Serica.
    c.1550 AF: More city-states are created in upper Miscaya east of Sutarba, as the population expands ever higher. The old east and west are controlled by Sutarba and Kadimar respectively.
    c.1570 AF: Tymria is invaded by Uhaakin and Katalic peoples, dividing the nation in two. Katalians control Lower Tymria, while natives keep the Upper part.


    1570AF.png

    1570 AF
    KADIMAR becomes the dominant city in lower Miscaya, opposed by Sutarba and the restored Urubaran Kingdom. In Ahura, NASEN reaches Lake Nysa. TYMRIA is broken in two by invasions from the east, and NURIANS flourish on the island of Nura. The LǍOTÓNG establish a dynasty in the west that conquers most of the Central Serican Plain, the largest empire in the world at the time. Rasan completely collapses from invasion and disorder.
     
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    Timeline (1580-2020 AF)
  • I'm really sorry that I operate on Valve Time, but here's the next update as promised.

    1575 AF: Large earthquake recorded in Miscaya, many temples and buildings are destroyed.
    c. 1580 AF: Mammoths become endangered in Aquilonia (far northern Talamor).
    1581 AF: The Lǎotóng Dynasty makes peace with many neighboring tribes and kingdoms.
    c. 1595 AF: Another volcanic eruption in Pelasia cools the world for a few years.
    c. 1600 AF: The Mukanian civilization in Pelasia (named after their dominant city) begins to urbanize and flourish, with Knoas weakened by climate/volcanic events.
    c. 1600 AF: Nasenite and Neathuqi forces raid Urubar lands.
    1605 AF: Barbarians from the south attack the Lǎotóng, who chase them back to their lands and defeat them.
    1617 AF: A rebellion occurs in southeast Serica, persisting for a few years.
    c.1620 AF: The Katalians temporarily conquer Upper Tymria as well, dominating the entire country.
    c.1620 AF: The Nasenite Old Kingdom is established in Lotan, north of the Neathuqi. they proceed to raid Esirta and Katal during the next few decades.
    c. 1620 AF: The Tumyong Kingdom is founded in Kantarra.
    1626 AF: Kadimar itself is attacked by Nasenite and Hannaran invaders. The Hannarans fully conquer Kadimar by 1631 and occupy the city itself.
    1630 AF: The rebellion in Serica is crushed and the nearby tribes are invaded by Lǎotóng forces the next year.
    c.1630 AF. Achtomec people settle in the area where they will later create their civilization, in southwestern Talamor.
    1635 AF: Urubar collapses after a Hannaran invasion, fragmenting into smaller states.
    1635 AF: Ancheng becomes the capital of the Lǎotóng Empire. Serica experiences unrivaled prosperity during this time.
    1645 AF: Nasenite raiders sack the city of Suatarba, crossing and pillaging their way through Miscaya.
    1657 AF:The city of Hannar is lost to the Nirhani, another Nasenite-related tribe.
    c. 1670 AF: Mukania is the biggest city in Pelasia. The peninsula eclipses Knoas in trading power.
    c.1670 AF: Tymria reunites once more after expelling the foreign invaders and begins to prosper and expand, conquering a great empire over the next century.
    c. 1680 AF: Riphem in Lower Tymria is now the world's largest city, beating the former largest Tyrseth in Upper Tymria. The population is about 70,000.
    1690 AF: Urubar is a tributary state to the Nasenite Kingdom at this point.
    c. 1690 AF: The Kalsu, a tribe from southern Miscaya, conquer Kadimar from the Hannarans temporarily. They are repulsed within the decade.
    1705 AF: The future lands of Nenakia, between Uhaakin and Tymria, and conquered by the latter.
    1718 AF: Tymria invades Uhaakin and Katal, conquering all in their path until they are defeated in the battle of Antak by the Nirhani. Urubar isannexed by the Nirhani Kingdom, and Tymria retreats to Nenakia.
    c.1720 AF: A strange liquid metal is discovered in Tymria.
    Tymria also conquers Kaerm and Uhaakin during this decade.
    c.1720 AF: The first of the Vardic kingdoms in Avarda, Vakerta, is founded at the mouth of the Rasan river.
    c.1720 AF: Agriculture in the Gandao Kingdom becomes as sophisticated as Serica by this date.
    1731 The Lǎotóng dynasty's palace at Ancheng is expanded further.
    1747 AF: Sutarba is conquered by Hannaran-controlled Kadimar.
    1752 AF: The Battle of Tysur: A large battle between Nenakite rebels and Tymrian forces result in a Tymrian victory.
    1756 AF: The Lǎotóng Dynasty attacks the ancestors of the Xiyue to the southwest.
    1768 AF: A second war between Tymria and the Nirhani results in Uhaakin and Urubar being conquered by Tymria, with Nirhani left as a small remnant kingdom in the hills north of Edad.
    c.1770 AF: Mukanian invaders destroy Knoas, putting the nails in the coffin for the Knoasic civilization.
    c.1770 AF: The Kingdom of Kambyj is created upriver from Vakerta.

    1770 AF.png

    1770 AF
    Many civilizations in the world; TYMRIA, KAIDMAR, and the MUKANIANS all experience the apex of their power or wealth around this time period. The first two kingdoms reestablished in Avarda, VAKERTA and KAMBYJ, signalling a new beginning for the subcontinent. Several new kingdoms and confederations emerge as well, including the AYAZI in north Lotan, The Nasenite-descended NIRHANI in northern Miscaya, the HYBRASI on their island and fishing/irrigation based TUMYONG in the far west of Avarda.


    1775 AF: Chángchūn is made Serica's capital once again.
    1805 AF: Uhaakin people break away from Tymria, leaving its province in Urubar an enclave.
    1810 AF: Esirta expands west and south as it prospers, having avoided most of the chaos in Miscaya by allowing the Nasenites safe passage through their lands.
    c.1820 AF: Tyrseth, with 80,000 people, is once again the biggest city in the world.
    c.1820 AF: Sutarba begins to rise in power, breaking free and eventually rivaling Kadimar.
    1826 AF: Sutarba conquers the truncated Nirhani Kingdom.
    c.1820-1920 AF: Prosperity in Tymria, currently the greatest empire in the world.
    1839 AF: Sericans are forced to deal with a large invasion from the north.
    1855 AF: Tymrian-ruled Urubar is conquered by Sutarba, leaving only them and Hannaran Kadiamar left in Miscaya.
    1857 AF: The last of the invaders in Serica are defeated.
    c.1870 AF: Sudesna is founded in southern Avarda.
    1873 AF: The Nasenite Empire expands north, gaining a larger border with the Ayazi. This makes war between them somewhat inevitable.
    1874 AF: The Nirhani rebel as the Sutarbans experience a civil war. Both the revolts are crushed.
    1880 AF: The Nasenites defeat the Ayazi in a short war, creating the vassal kingdom of Dravas from their eastern lands.
    1886 AF: Lǎotóng armies successfully demarcate and pacify their nation's borders.
    1898 AF: A small rebellion in Serica is crushed within the year.
    1909 AF:Sutarba defeats Kadimar at Marun, leaving Kadimar weakened and the Hannaran dynasty's future in question.
    1911 AF: Nasenites go to war with the Ayazi Alliance to the northwest once again.
    1919 AF: Uhaakin is reconquered by the Tymrian Empire. Three large empires (Kadimar, Tymria and Sutarba) all now border at least one other.
    c.1920 AF: The Kingdom of Aysala is created in central Avarda.
    1930 AF: The vassal kingdom of Epla is founded on the Aqta sea, tributary to the Nasenites. The Nanac people to the north are subjugated into their own puppet kingdom 2 years later(1932 AF).
    1943 AF: Shawilu, a major city between Nasen and Pelasia, is destroyed by invaders from the latter. Its surviving inhabitants flee to the Albalon Peninsula. The city is eventually rebuilt.
    1947 AF: A several rebellions breakout throughout Serica, overwhelming the Lǎotóng armies at first.
    1948 AF: A great battle between Nasenites and Tymria in the Katal rift leads to 15 years of warfare between the two empires. The war is mostly in the Katal region, as both empire compete for dominance.
    1951 AF: The last of the Serican rebels are crushed.
    1954 AF:The emperor of Lǎotóng dies allegedly from a small rock falling from the sky. This is seen as a result of the Emperor dishonoring the gods.
    1963 AF: The Nasenite-Tymrian war ends with the signing of a peace treaty. Raids would continue for five more years after this, however.
    1965 AF: An upstart governor almost overthrows the Lǎotóng dynasty but is defeated and kiled.
    c. 1970 AF: Kusalla is founded as a Vardic Kingdom.
    1968 AF: The Lǎotóng launch another expedition against barbarian tribes.
    c.1980 AF: Nenakites settle on Scyll in the Thalmedic sea. Their homeland rests between Uhaakin and Tymria.
    1989 AF: In a great upset, Sutarba takes the city of Kadimar and conquers its empire, expelling the Hannaran Dynasty in the process, who flee to Esirta.
    1998 AF: Tymria repels an invasion by a group of people from the northeast called the Lubii.
    c.2000 AF: Mass migration begins throughout the Thalmedic and Rhodin. The Umalan people from southern Rhodin settle on the edges of the Miscayan empires, which both begin to weaken and destabilize.
    c.2000 AF: Sericans begin using chariots.
    2005 AF: Tymria reconquers Uhaakin, which previously broke free and into independent kingdoms.
    2009 AF: Uhaakin breakins free once again, at the same time the Hannarans retake Kadimar from the Sutarbans. The Urubarans rebel as well.
    c.2010 AF: Nasenite Empire reaches the height of its power.
    2014 AF: Another great comet similar to the one in 1000 AF appears again, causing even further chaos in an already chaotic situation. This event is later seen as heralding the beginning of the Great Collapse, which saw most empires at the time fall and most large cities destroyed. The effects of this last for between 50 and 200 years depending on the area.
    2015 AF:Teselef becomes a united kingdom in northwestern Katal.
    2020 AF: Nenakia is fully independent from Tymria, and Uhaakin expels the Tymrians as well.

    2020AF.png

    2020 AF
    The NASENITE EMPIRE becomes dominant in Lotan, vassalizing the Ayazi-speaking DRAVAS, and the Lotanian EPLA and NANAC kingdoms. ESIRTA expands as well, pushing the Uhaakin-related people north into the small kingdom of TESELEF. UHAAKIN itself becomes many small kingdoms, closed in by the NENAKIAN people in he north and the upstart SUTARBAN Empire in the south. In Avarda, the Vardic kingdoms are founded throughout the center of the subcontinent, with the center of power shifting southwards to the kingdoms of AYSALA, KUSALLA, and the smaller states of ATKUMIVA and SUDESNA. With many smaller, weaker realms filing in the remainder. The GANDAO kingdom in the west consolidates into a unified state. The declines of both Kadimar and Tymria are the beginning of the Great Collapse, and event that would occur over the next few generations throughout the Katal-based civilized world.
     
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    Timeline (2023-2370 AF)
  • 2021 AF: Dravas becomes independent of Nasen. The other vassal tribe, the Eplans, revolt and raid the coasts of the Nasenite Empire.
    2023 AF: War begins between Shawilu and several city-states in Pelasia once again.
    2025 AF: Sytha, the capital of the Nasenites, is destroyed and the Nasenite empire collapses.
    2026 AF: The Lǎotóng palace at Ancheng is burned down by invading tribes.
    2028 AF: The Esirtans cross the sea of Katal and conquer the kingdom of Kadimar from the Hannarans, who are expelled yet again.
    c.2030 AF: The Kingdom of Kurdiva is founded in between Kambyj and Aysala.
    c.2030 AF: The Katal coasts are controlled by small city-states as large-scale organization collapses from the pressure of invasions and famines.
    2031 AF: The Emperor of Serica is killed in a battle against barbarians this year.
    2036 AF: Urubar is destroyed by invaders from the sea.
    2040 AF: Nenakian settlements on Scyll are also destroyed.
    2042 AF: Sangar, a Nasenite city, becomes an independent kingdom in the wake of the fall of Sytha a few decades earlier.
    2043 AF: End of the Shawilu-Pelasian war. Shawilu is destroyed once again.
    2043 AF: Sutarba and Esirta go to war over Kadimar, with Esirta at first besieging Sutarba but put on the defense by the end of the year. It ends after three years with no clear winner.
    2046 AF: Tymria beats back foreign invaders.
    2047 AF: A war of succession occurs in Serica, the outcome is unknown but the Lǎotóng survive
    c.2050 AF: Rise of the Achtomec Civilization in Talamor.
    2055 AF: Esirta invades Kadimar.
    2060 AF: Kaerm, now known as Suluk, regains independence from Tymria.
    2061 AF: A volcanic eruption on the island of Surt in the northern Tavaric Ocean cause 2 decades of colder climates.
    2062 AF: Kadimar breaks free from Esirtan rule, under local control for the first time since 1631 AF.
    c.2070 AF: Pelasia is invaded by people from Haemos, and many cities are destroyed.
    2071 AF: Lǎotóng Serica begins to lose its grip as the nation attempts to control it's large territory too closely.
    c. 2090 AF: Vasma is founded in Avarda.
    c.2100 AF: The last Mukanian settlements disappear from Pelasia, and a dark age begins in the area.
    2104 AF: Rebel governors kill the Lǎotóng emperor in a battle this year, placing a puppet ruler of his dynasty on the throne and crippling Lǎotóng power permanently.
    2111 AF: Kadimar defeats Sutarba and forces them into vassalage, and annex Urubar directly. They begin an invasion of Esirta as well.
    2118 AF: Esirta is forced into vassalage as well by Kadimar.
    2119 AF: Sutarba breaks free from Kadimar and conquers Urubar in the process.
    c.2120 AF: The Sagaan people create their own kingdom in eastern Avarda.
    2121 AF: A huge drought in Tymria leads to massive starvation and instability.
    2122 AF: The Sutarbans send an expedition to across the sea of Katal, they reach Sangar before they have to turn back, they return home by 2125 AF.
    2136 AF: Sutarba dominates all of Miscaya except Kadimar, and all of Katal south of Uhaakin.
    2140 AF: Great famine in Miscaya.
    2147 AF: The Kingdom of Tymria collapses yet again after a succession crisis.
    2148 AF: In a reversal of 2111, Sutarba forces vassalage upon Kadimar.
    2158 AF: Lǎotóng forces narrowly repel a massive barbarian invasion.
    2162 AF: The Gandao Kingdom wards off an invasion by other tribes in the Ksach Peninsula. Despite their advanced irrigation systems developed in the last few centuries, they begin to decline in power.
    2165 AF: Kadimar throw off the shackles of Sutarban control once again.
    c.2170 AF: The Younger Bronze Period, or the Qīngtóng Period begins in Serica. The land is decentralized and the royal dynasty has little power during this time. The Lǎotóng Emperor is deposed by a distant relative, with loyal governors accepting his rule in exchange for increased power and wealth.
    2175 AF: The Uhaakin kingdom of Semaron is founded in Ursahar.
    2179 AF: Unsuccessful rebellion to restore the Lǎotóng dynasty in Serica.
    c.2180s AF: Sutarban control of Urubaran lands slowly diminishes.
    2190 AF: The Umalan tribes from constantly moving settlements around the edges of the Miscayan cities begin invading them, attacking Sutarba first.
    c.2200 AF: World's population reaches 75 million.
    c.2200 AF:The Qīngtóng Dynasty begins settling the empty eastern and northern parts of the empire.
    2205 AF: The Hannarans, aided by Umalan tribes, reconquer Kadimar yet again. The Umalans take Edad from Sutarba.
    2216 AF: The Uhaakin tribes are unified by the Kingdom of Semaron.
    2218 AF: The Umalans betray the Hannarans and take all of Kadimar except the city itself. They've also reduced Sutarba to it's namesake city and the nearby city of Avanin.
    2220 AF: Urusahar become the capital of Semaron.
    c.2220 AF: Surasena is founded as an independent kingdom in Avarda.

    2220AF.png

    2220 AF
    The effects of the Great Collapse's invasions and migrations have drastically altered the map, seeing the complete disintegration of the Nasenite Empire and the fall of both Sutarba and Kadimar's empires as well. Tymria also fragmented into smaller dynasties during this time. NEO-NASENITE nations, the eminent being EPLA, DRAVAS(Ayazi-Nasenite mix), and SANGAR, rose up in Lotan while UMALAN tribes settled the Miscayan river valley. PELASIA entered a dark age after the collapse of the Mukanian civilization, seeing new city-states like IADAN rise in power. But not all news is bad, as the UHAAKIN people have unified into a single nation known as the Kingdom of SEMARON, and the Ayazi united into the Kingdom of KUBUSHAH as well. In Avarda the Vardic kingdoms of VASMA, SURATHUR and KURDIVAT are established, while the SAGAAN people create their own nations to the east. New lands include the language isolate SAZIHU in far northern Lotan, TAVARIC and ABASAN cultures on the eastern coast of Rhodin and the ACHTOMEC civilization to the far east in Talamor.

    2233 AF: Semaron reaches its greatest extent, occupying all of Uhaakin (now only referring to the east coast) and Teselef.
    c.2230 AF: Vrishali breaks away from Kusalla.
    2241 AF: The Esirtans expel the Hannarans from Kadimar for the second time in history, replacing the Hannarans with themselves as the rulers of Kadimar.
    2245 AF: Kadimar rises up against their Esirtan rulers and depose them.
    2245 AF:The Qīngtóng army, consisting of loyal lords personal armies, wins a decisive victory against invading northern tribes. The emperor dies in battle, however.
    2269 AF: The Qīngtóng attempt but fail to conquer tribes directly to the east.
    c.2270 AF: Lubii tribes dominate lower Tymria.
    2295 AF: Semaron splits into two separate kingdoms for time.
    c.2300 AF: Dark ages end in Pelasia. Several cities rise to eminence in the peninsula, like Iadan and Urotas.
    2319 AF: Sutarba begins expanding at the expense of the Umalan tribes in Miscaya and Katal.
    2323 AF: An eclipse occurs in Pelasia and Lotan.
    c.2330 AF: Rise of Sutarba: Edad is destroyed and Umalans in Miscaya are conquered. Only Kadimar remains independent.
    2351 AF: Shortly after taking the city of Urubar, A revolt begins in the southern regions of the Sutarban Empire.
    2353 AF: Several relatives and governors attempt to usurp the Qīngtóng throne. They fail and are exiled/imprisoned/executed.
    2356 AF:Two Serican provinces go to war with each other and the Qīngtóng armies fail to do anything about it, a sing of their failing power. Many governors withdraw their armies for personal uses afterwards, weakening the Qīngtóng's strength.
    2358 AF: Sutarba conquers Neo-Nasenite kingdoms on the western side of the sea of Katal.
    2360 AF: Kubushah unites in western Lotan, created by the Ayazi tribes.
    2367 AF: With the rebels defeated, Sutarba begins taking the rest of Miscaya from the Umalans, leaving only Kadimar independent.
    2369 AF: Urubar is conquered by Sutarba.
    c.2370 AF: Ahichala breaks away from Aysalla in Avarda.

    2370AF.png

    2370 AF
    Great empires rise once more as Sutarba becomes the dominant power in Miscaya and Katal, even vassalizing the NENAKIANS who themselves are colonizing the eastern Thalmedic Sea. Tymria also reunites as border clashes with the nearby LUBII tribe become more common. SANGAR become dominant in Lotan for a time, and in nearby Pelasia more city-states become dominant over the others, like UROTAS and ABANTA. The small principality of VRISHALI is founded in southern Avarda, and the YAMAT people create the first civilization in Ozara.
     
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    NOTICE: Previous timeline segments have been updated with more detail!
  • NOTICE: Previous timeline segments have been updated with more detail! I'll go back and look for spelling errors and and more maps to the more lengthier parts at some point, but for now feel free to see what's new. Use the threadmarks if you wish to find the previous updates easily. The timeline starts on page 33.

    EDIT: It's gonna be updated again tomorrow, I forgot to add more information about Avarda. :p
     
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    Timeline (2377-2570 AF)
  • Here we go again.

    2377 AF: Semaron's remnants also finally defeated by Sutarba.
    2379 AF: The Qīngtóng Emperor is assassinated when he attempts to regain power over the governors. A decade without a ruler but much chaos occurs afterwards.
    2382 AF: Tymria has another civil war. The country remains divided.
    c. 2390 AF: Umalan tribes in Urubar and to the east revolt and break away from Sutarba, starting another long war.
    2390 AF: The Qīngtóng Dynasty is restored once again, severely weakened in power and basically only controlling the capital city.
    2395 AF: The Katalic parts of the Sutarban Empire revolt and break away for a time.
    c.2400 AF: Dursini civilization begins in northern Albala.
    2401 AF: The city of Qarnenak is founded by Nenakians in northern Rhodin.
    2422 AF: Sutarban forces land on the west coast of Katal, venture inland and vassalize the tribe occupying former Neathuqi lands, the Ecbadai.
    2423 AF: The Vardic kingdom of Girigam is founded in southwest Avarda. By this point most of central Avard is controlled by similar kingdoms and principalities.
    2425 AF: The Umalan settlements east of Urubar are defeated and conquered by Sutarba. Urubar falls a year later.
    c. 2430 AF: The Sutarban Empire expands down the coast to the southwest, conquering tribes and raiding others.
    2435 AF: Qīngtóng authority collapses completely when the emperor is killed by a rebel assassin this year. Most governors lose faith in the Qīngtóng dynasty and declare independence.
    2448 AF: Eastern tribes invade and sack Chángchūn, the capital of the already moribund Qīngtóng. With their king is killed and the dynasty extinguished, governors with territory become truly independent and begin to fight one another.
    c. 2460 AF: Descendants of Shawilu refugees led by Queen Lavana, intermixed with local Dursini and now known as the Lavinic people, settle along the banks of the Ryphon river in central Albalon.
    c.2470 AF: Southern Albala is colonized by Pelasians and to a lesser extent, Nenakians.
    2474 AF: Suluk begins invading Tymria from the south.
    2477 AF: War begins in western Pelasia between the city-state of Urotas and several others. It would last over 20 years.
    2483 AF: Urubar comes under Sutarban control once again. Nenakia is retaken as well.
    2484 AF: Esirta is invaded and pillaged by Sutarbans, who force it into tributary status.
    c.2490 AF: Tymria finally expels it's Lubii occupiers.
    2492 AF: Sutarba conquers Kadimar, all of Miscaya and Katal are united.
    2494 AF: Tymria is reunified, but under the control of the Suluk Empire.
    2498 AF: Urotas emerges victorious and conquers the other city-states.
    2498 AF: Uhaakin is conquered by Sutarba.
    c.2500 AF: Nenakia and Uhaakin revolt against Sutarba.
    2502 AF: The remnants of the Nasenite Empire fall into Sutarban control. That same year a battle between Tymria-Suluk and the Sutarbans takes place in Nenakia.
    2506 AF: The Kadimarans revolt but completely crushed.
    2509 AF: The kingdom of the Ecbadai declares independence from Sutarba.
    2511 AF: The Kingdom of Kubushah is conquered by the Sutarbans.
    2518 AF: The Ecbadai become tributaries of the Sutarbans once more.
    c.2520 AF: Urbanization begins once again in Avarda.

    2520AF.png

    2520 AF
    The Sutarbans conquer a significant amount of the civilized world's population and territory, spreading from Kubushah in the northwest to Kamnag in the southeast. The ECBADAI (Neathuqi descendants or conquerors), Esirtans and the Sangarans are their vassals. SULUK has also completely conquered Tymria as well. The PELASIAN city-states begin settling coastlines all over the Thalmedic, especially coastal Lotan/Ahurastan and southern Albala, near the newly united DURSINI people. ARGÆAS is founded as well, directly south of Pelasia. The other significant change is that Serica has collapsed completely into many independent states and kingdoms, the most powerful being XU, YAN, ZHU, WEI, JI, CHENG, and XIN. The weak royal dynasty rules only the land around Chángchūn (mislabeled as Shendu, something I need to fix still. :p).


    2533 AF: Sutarba pillages Kadimar after they attempt to revolt again, continuing their long-lasting rivalry.
    2535 AF: The Sutarban Empire expands south and east in Miscaya similar to Buguran, nearing the border of Kamnag in the south.
    2541 AF: Girigam is founded as an independent Vardic kingdom.
    2543 AF: Kadimar is rebuilt after being burnt down.
    2543 AF: Sutarba goes to war with Tymria after rebels in Sutarba were found to be supported by Tymria.
    2545 AF: The Tymrians temporarily hold back the Sutarban advance by supporting another short-lived rebellion in Nenakia.
    2548 AF: The second invasion, however, is a success; and Riphem in Lower Tymria is taken by the Sutarbans.
    2553 AF: Suluk armies force the Sutarbans back out of Tymria for a time.
    2554 AF: Tymria is finally conquered by Sutarba, and the Suluk retreat to their homeland.
    c. 2560 AF: Avanin, the capital of Sutarban Empire(the biggest empire yet), is the world's biggest city with 150,000 people living in it.
    c.2560 AF: Vaethalia is founded at the "Gates" of the Blood Sea by Pelasian colonists near the original site of Shawilu.
    2564 AF: Tymria breaks free from Sutarba.
    2567 AF: The Esirtan Empire is formed after they break free from Sutarba and conquer the Ecbadai.
    2569 AF: Kadimar revolts yet again.
    c.2570 AF: Settlers from the south reach the Islands of Unia in northwest Serica.
    c.2570 AF: Tyhrrus is founded by Lavinic people in Albala on the Ryphon river, named and led by a man named Septus Tyhrricus who becomes the first king as well.

    2570AF.png

    2570 AF: Esirta and Kadimar break free from the SUTARBAN empire, with varying results. Tymria breaks free from Suluk rule, The city of TYHRRUS is founded in Albala, and Nenakian colonists create the nation of QARNENAK in northwest Rhodin. GIRIGAM is established in Avarda, and EPLA reaches the height of its power in the Blood Sea region. The Serican states are slowly conquered by the more powerful ones, and war becomes commonplace.
     
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