Tagliacozzo a Timeline

Conradin’s victory
  • Tagliacozzo


    After considerable maneuver, Conradin's invading army confronted that of Charles of Anjou in the Palentine Plains plateau, outside the town of Tagliacozzo (more precisely, near Scurcola Marsicana). Each army deployed in three divisions. The first Hohenstaufen division was composed of Spanish and Italian knights, led by the Infante Henry of Castile; the second division was largely Italian but included a body of German knights, and was led by Galvano Lancia; the final division contained most of the German knights, and was led by Conradin himself, accompanied by his close friend, the youthful Frederick I, Markgraf von Baden. Charles's first division was composed of Italians, with some Provençal knights, under an unknown commander; the second division contained French knights under Henry of Cousances, and the final division, which Charles led along with the veteran crusader, Erard of Valery (who was referred to by the Italians as "Allardo di Valleri", was composed of French veteran knights—this final division was hidden by Charles at Valery's advice, in order to constitute a tactical surprise against the Hohenstaufen forces.
    Conradin's forces won the initial phase of the battle, and broke up to pursue Charles's first two divisions, which were in flight, and pillage the Angevin camp. At this point Charles sprung his trap, his hidden reserve forces entering the fight and massacring Conradin's scattered forces. Conradin was forced to flee back to Rome, but was later captured, imprisoned, and executed. Thus ended the rule of the Hohenstaufens.

    Conradin’s victory
    Conradin’s forces lost the initial phase of the battle and retained a sizable army who can still fight against the Angevins and pretended to retreat, when the Angevins were already celebrating their victory, Conradin’s forces would fight against the Angevins and kill Charles of Provence in action and expelled him from Sicily, instead of deciding to execute him.
    Conradin on 1268, basking in his victory would secure an alliance with the Hungarians and married Mary of Hungary which would establish an alliance between Conradin and the Hungarians would give birth to a son named Frederick on December 2, 1271.
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    Post Victory
  • Post Victory

    Mary of Hungary, the wife of Conradin would give birth to two following children namely, Beatrice b. 1273 and Conrad b. 1280.

    Ottokar II Premysl would be chosen as the Holy Roman Emperor by pope Innocent IV since he would not support Conradin and Conradin would be forced to divide his own realms for another generation, on 1280’s Ottokar II Premysl would marry his two daughters, Kunigunde to Louis of France and Agnes to Premyszl II of Greater Poland, the dowry of Kunigunde of Bohemia would include the Kingdom of Arles, causing France to integrate Kingdom of Arles, while Margaret of France would marry Charles II of Anjou and Provence who would give birth to the scions of the House of Capet-Anjou.

    Conradin would focus on Swabia and Sicily for the meantime and decided to divide his realms between his two sons, Frederick and Conrad, Frederick would get Sicily and Conrad would get Swabia.

    Ottokar II Premysl would keep a peaceful era when he was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor, although his son Wenzel or Wenceslaus would change things.
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    Eleanor of England
  • Eleanor of England

    Eleanor of England (18 June 1269 – 29 August 1298) was an English princess, the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.

    What evidence exists for Eleanor's early years suggests that while her parents were absent on Crusade between 1270 and 1274, she became very close to her paternal grandmother, Eleanor of Provence, with whom she continued to spend a good deal of time. She was also close to her sickly brother Henry. On one Pentecost Eve, Henry and Eleanor were given two partridges for their dinner, for a special treat.

    For a long period Eleanor was betrothed to King Alfonso III of Aragon. Alfonso's parents were under papal interdict, Eleanor herself would go to Aragon on 1286 and marry Alfonso III and gave birth to two children, namely Peter of Aragon b. 1287 and Blanche of Aragon b. 1290, the death of Alfonso III in 1291 would force Eleanor of England to be the regent of Aragon til her death in 1298.
    Conradin’s alliances
  • Conradin’s alliances

    Conradin or Conrad I of Sicily would conquer restore the order in the Kingdom of Sicily, the two daughters of Manfred would be sent to marry his two daughters to be used in alliance and peace, Beatrix and Flordelis of Sicily are married off, Flordelis is married off to Wenceslaus of Bohemia in order for Conradin to retain Swabia and in order to please the Pope while for Beatrix, she is married off to Manfred IV, son of Thomas I, Marquess of Saluzzo, while he would force the sons of Manfred to the Church for them not to claim the Kingdom of Sicily.

    Conradin would be planting seeds for his own son in the Holy Roman Empire and choosing Conrad to rule Swabia would be the best choice, while his own daughter, Beatrice would be married off to James of Aragon, the cousin of Conradin, this would encourage an alliance between the Hohenstauffens and the House of Barcelona and reconciling with his cousin, Constance of Sicily, while Yolande of Aragon would be married to Frederick of Sicily, this would be beneficial in the long term since his focus would be ruling in Sicily, due to his fairness.

    In this point in time Clementia of Habsburg would marry Frederick, Margrave of Baden.
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    A Song for Song
  • A Song for Song

    On 1277, Kublai Khan would meet an accident falling in a horse causing the Mongols to retreat from the Song Empire.

    This was said to be a lucky event for the Song Dynasty in general, since the Song Empire would have a chance to improve their military against the mongols, now under the regents of Emperor Zhao Shi and they would be able to repel the mongols for a decade until the mongols would start to decline.

    The fact that the Mongols were not able to conquer that means the Song Empire would recover even if it would take time for the recovery to happen, at least the collapse of the mongols would have created a space for Song to recover from Jin and Yuan aggression.

    Samudera Pasai, also known as Samudera or Pasai or Samudera Darussalam or Pacem, was a Muslim harbour kingdom on the north coast of Sumatra from the 13th to the 16th centuries CE. The kingdom was believed to have been founded by Merah Silu, who later converted to Islam and adopted the name Malik ul Salih , in the year 1267 CE.

    Islam would reach the islands in the other side of Hainan and Annam particularly, Selurong and the lands of the Pisheya, it is due to the ties of the Pisheya and Selurong to Sumatran states of Medan and Pasai since the 9th Century.
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    Przemysl II and Agnes of Bohemia
  • Przemysl II and Agnes of Bohemia

    In 1285 Przemysł II decided to marry again. The chosen bride was Agnes, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, Ottokar Premsyl, the negotiations were probably concluded through the mediation of Jakub Świnka. The marriage by proxy took place in the Polish city of Gniezno on 11 October 1285; in the ceremony, the Duke of Greater Poland was represented by the notary Tylon, who received from Przemysł II the village of Giecz in gratitude for his services. It's unknown when and where the formal wedding between Przemysł II and Agnes took place, or who administered the sacrament of marriage: it could be either Bishop Jan of Poznań or Jakub Świnka, Archbishop of Gniezno.

    Agnes of Bohemia would provide Przemysł of three children, Agnes of Poland b. 1286, Boleslaw b. 1289 and Przemyslaw b. 1293.

    Her husband would give up Lesser Poland to Wenceslaus II of Bohemia on his reign as the King of Poland, on the death of Przemysl II on 1295, although his daughter, Agnes is betrothed to Conrad, the grandson of Conradin as Agnes of Bohemia would flee with her daughter, Agnes to the court of Conradin in Swabia who would betroth Agnes of Greater Poland to Conrad of Sicily b. 1289, the eldest son of Frederick of Sicily and Yolande of Aragon, creating an alliance between the Swabians and the Poles against the Bohemians.
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    Wenceslaus II’s fall
  • Wenceslaus II’s fall

    In 1301, Wenceslaus' kinsman Andrew III of Hungary died and the Árpád dynasty became extinct in the male line. Wenceslaus was one of the relatives who claimed the throne, and he accepted it from a party of Hungarians on behalf of his young son, betrothed to Andrew's only child, Elizabeth. On 27 August 1301, his son was crowned in Székesfehérvár as King of Hungary under the name Ladislaus V (Hungarian: László, Czech, Slovak and Croatian: Ladislav).

    At that time the Kingdom of Hungary was split into several de facto principalities, and young Wenceslaus was only accepted as the King of Hungary by the rulers in modern Slovakia (Matthew III Csák), in Burgenland (the Güssings [Kőszegis]) and on territory around the capital, Buda. But the Abas and Matthew Csák switched sides in 1303 and started to support Wenceslaus' rival Charles Robert of Anjou. Consequently, the young Wenceslaus, in Ofen (Buda), became afraid and wrote to his father in Prague for help. His father took a large army and invaded Buda, but having considered the situation, he took his son and the Hungarian crown and returned to Bohemia (1304). Ivan of Güssing was named to represent Wenceslaus III in Hungary.

    Wenceslaus II died on 21 June 1305, at the age of 33, probably of tuberculosis. He was succeeded by his son, Wenceslaus III (Václav III.), the son of Vaclav II and Flordelis of Sicily, the last of the Přemyslid kings in the male line who died in the same year and Conrad V of Swabia marry his eldest daughter Anna, while his younger Elizabeth would marry Boleslaw of Poland.

    Frederick, the Margrave of Baden would retake Austria for himself which was taken from his ancestors by the Premyslids after the demise of the Premyslids and Boleslaw of Greater Poland would retake Lesser Poland.

    Years after the death of Andrew III, Conrad of Swabia would take Hungary after taking Bohemia and would cause Elizabeth, the daughter of Andrew III to take refuge and resurfaced as the wife of Stefan Dečanski of Serbia.
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    Burgundian Inheritance
  • Burgundian Inheritance

    On 26 February 1324 in Cologne, Margaret of Hainault married Conrad VI of Swabia and I of Bohemia, thereby becoming the Queen of Bohemia. On 17 January 1328, she was crowned empress alongside her spouse in Rome.

    She succeeded in 1345 her brother William II of Hainaut (William IV) as Margaret II of Hainault and Holland following his death in battle with later Louis IV the Bavarian designating that Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland were his wife's possessions. Louis gave his support to Margaret because he was reportedly worried that the domains of her late brother would otherwise be lost to the empire. Due to the dangerous hostility of the House of Luxemburg Louis increased his power base ruthlessly.

    Margaret traveled to Henegouwen and was recognized there in her new position as ruler, and on 26 March, she left Henegouwen to visit her Northern domains of Holland and Zeeland. There where different difficulty in securing the position of Margaret in her three domains. In Holland and Zeeland, there were doubts as to whether female succession was legal, and while her gender was not a problem in Hainaut, there where still the question of her sister's claims upon the domain. Margaret granted the cities and citizens in Holland and Zeeland several economic privileges to secure her position. The claims of her sisters were also addressed.

    She would be succeeded by her sons, Conrad, King of Bohemia b. 1332 and Frederick b. 1344, Frederick was chosen to be the heir to Hainaut and Swabia and married Margaret III of Flanders which would cause the inheritance of Flanders and the County of Burgundy to go to the Hohenstauffens, while Conrad I of Bohemia would die childless on 1390, merging the Bohemian, Swabian and Burgundian inheritances.
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