Is this TL a good start?

  • Yes

    Votes: 8 66.7%
  • No

    Votes: 1 8.3%
  • Maybe

    Votes: 3 25.0%
  • Perhaps?

    Votes: 0 0.0%

  • Total voters
    12
  • Poll closed .
A Different President.
  • Russia Resurgent

    Chapter 1: 1996 Russian Elections

    Russia and the World held their breath as on 3rd July, the results of the 1996 elections came in.

    Many people today even wonder why Yeltsin even tried. Under him Russia had become the butt of all Western Country’s jokes and corruption, crime, oligarchs etc were the ones ruining Russia unchecked under Yeltsin. The 1993 Constitutional Crisis in Russia had made Yeltsin very unpopular in Russia. And the votes came in.

    ***

    Nominee: Boris Yeltsin

    Party: Independent

    Home State: Moscow

    Percentage of Vote: 13%

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    Boris Yeltsin

    ***

    Nominee: Gennady Zyuganov

    Party: Communist Party of Russia

    Home State: Moscow

    Percentage of Vote: 28%

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    Gennady Zyuganov

    ***

    Nominee: Grigory Yavlinsky

    Party: Yabloko (Social Democratic Party of Russia)

    Home State: St. Petersburg

    Percentage of Vote: 53%

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    Grigory Yavlinsky.

    ***

    Grigory Yavlinsky won the Russian Elections of 1996 with a good lead over Yeltsin and Zyuganov. However Yeltsin considered the electoral results to be fraudulent. Considering Yavlinsky didn’t have total plurality of votes, Yavlinsky offered Zyuganov to form a coalition government between the Social Democrats and the Communists, also mainly to combat Yeltsin, who would not take this result laying down. Zyuganov initially wished to turn the offer down, however after much goading from the other members of the communist party, Zyuganov agreed and on August 9th, Grigory Yavlinsky was inaugurated as the 2nd President of the Russian Federation.

    The new Cabinet of the Russian Federation was thus formed as:-

    President: Grigory Yavlinsky

    Prime Minister: Gennady Zyuganov

    Minister of Agriculture: Vladimir Bulgak

    Minister of Defense: Sergey Shoyu

    Minister of Economy: Yevgeny Yasin

    Minister of Education: Vladimir Fillipov

    Minister of Foreign Affairs: Igor Ivanov

    Minister of Internal Affairs: Anatoly Kulikov

    Minister of Justice: Sergey Stephashin

    Minister of Transportation: Nikolai Tsach.

    Minister of Health: Yury Shevchenko

    Minister of Culture: Vladimir Yegerov

    Minister of Emergency Affairs: Alexander Lebed.

    Meanwhile the first course of business for Yavlinsky as president was the ongoing Chechen Crisis in Chechnya. On 11th August the situation in Grozny was dire as Chechen fighters had been able to infiltrate and take control of the majority parts of the city of Grozny. Yavlinsky gave a speech in the Kremlin that day to signify his commitment to bring back Chechnya into the fold of the Russian Federation.

    The History of both Chechnya and Russia are long and glorious. However another thing that they have in common, is that Russia and Chechnya stood together. When Napoleon invaded, some of the bravest troops were Chechnya’s own people. When Hitler and the Nazis invaded, some of our best troops came from Chechnya. We have stood together for centuries, and we shall continue to do so. However we know that rapprochement shall be a hard and arduous journey. However this government is willing to provide special privileges and incentives to the people of Chechnya. We implore the people of Chechnya to see reason and to stop this bloodshed in our country.”

    On August 14th the Russian General Konstantin Pullikovsky threatened a massive airstrike and ballistic missile bombardment of Grozny and was televised into the public. Yavlinsky publicly denounced Pullikovsky’s declaration and declared that no airstrikes or ballistic missile attack on Grozny would happen and that General Pullikovsky had been sacked and replaced with Alexander Lebed who was now General Lebed on duty.

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    General Alexander Lebed.

    Lebed was ordered to bring Grozny back under Russian control and to break the Ichkerian Republic’s power there and then, whilst limiting the Civilian casualties. Lebed on August 14th gave a speech broadcast over Grozny imploring the civilians to leave the city and to enter the refugee camps that the Russian Army had hastily assembled outside of the city out of the warzones, before the Russian tanks and artillery started to attack the city. Lebed told them that the offer would stand until 11:59 PM August 18th and the fighting would resume from 12:00 AM August 19th. The end result was a massive exodus of Grozny’s populace as 2/3 of the populace managed to escape the city. The previous Russian Army’s incompetence was slightly reduced as proper coordination had allowed them to maneuver the refugees out pretty quickly and in an orderly manner.

    On 12:00 AM, August 19th the Russian tanks started to fire at Chechen positions and trenches in the night as the Chechen Fighters were pushed back by the Russian firepower which far outmatched the Chechen firepower. Russian infantry soldiers managed to take control of the northern part of the city by daylight and the fighting continued in the city center and the southern portions of the city.

    On 7:50 AM, the Russian T-72 tanks entered and managed to take control of R308, an important junction in Grozny. In the east, the Russian troops entered and took control of the R36 and R38 roadways leading outside of the city managing to cut off the Chechen troops cutting into Russian lines and committing guerilla actions. On 10:10 AM, the Russian troops up north managed to seize the center part of the city and take control of the eastern part of the city as well. The Chechen fighters withdrew to the southwest and committed their reserves for a final defense. The Russian tanks and armored cars managed to form an assault positioning and started to assault the Chechen defensive line on 2:15 PM. The tanks and troops quickly overran the Chechen line on 3:30 PM and managed to seize the entirety of the city.

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    Russian Troops in the Battle of Grozny.

    The Chechen Military in Grozny which had initially numbered around 13,500 at the beginning of the battle had suffered 2,243 dead, 6,676 injured, and 3000 captured. The Third Battle of Grozny was a decisive victory of the Russian forces who altogether had got minimal casualties. In Around the remaining 70,000 civilians who were left in the city, around 4,000 were killed, around 12,000 injured and 8,000 missing. Due to the general infantry attacks and using tanks only for main road battles etc, had limited the civilian casualties, which was even still general high. However considering around 120,000 Grozny citizens had fled to Dagestan and the rest of Russian Caucasus, the civilian damage was light in comparison to what had happened in the previous parts of the Chechen War.

    Mashkadov who was commanding the Chechen Army was captured by the Russians and he was forced to sign the Grozny Accords on behalf of the Chechen militias. The Grozny Accords signed on August 20th brought an official end to the Chechen Wars as the entirety of Chechnya was brought under Russian rule once again. The Grozny Accords was signed by Mashkadov with him as the official emissary of the Chechen government. Akhmad Kadhirov, the Mufti of Chechnya switched sides and declared himself to be off the Russian side.

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    Mashkadov.

    Shamil Basayev commanding a small force tried to breakthrough into Grozny the next day but his entire force had been destroyed in the subsequent battle and he himself was killed when a sniper from a building a good distance away managed to sharp shoot him. This was the breaking point for the Chechens. Despite their bravado in front of the Russians, the Third Battle of Grozny was the last chance the Chechens had, and the entire war was now lost. Chechnya was now under official Russian administration. Aslan Mashkadov was kept under house arrest in St. Petersburg with an annotation to release him in 2015.

    The Chechen War, had made the Russian Army and the military the laughing stock of the world, with it’s only saving grace being better coordination at the end, which led to a very successful battle at Grozny. However the Refugee Crisis of Chechnya also erupted soon after as the refugee camps were insufficient to aid the Chechen civilians and the government was forced to start a quick reconstruction program amid insurgent strikes from Chechen guerilla cells.

    Meanwhile as the crisis died down officially by August 25th in mere two weeks after the election of Yavlinsky, the man’s popularity in Russia grew, along with the communists, and the last vestiges of Yeltsin’s power began to drown. Yavlinsky himself had been opposed to a military solution to Chechnya bit had seen it necessary to bring Chechnya back into the fold. However proposals for Chechen autonomy and its full privileges were brought up for the Duma and were in discussions.

    On August 30th, the Duma of the Russian Federation convened to discuss a new economic plan proposed by Yavlinsky and the cabinet.

    Yavlinsky in 1991 had proposed a plan named the ‘500 Day Plan’ to make the transition into the privatized economy, which had been rejected by the then president Yeltsin. A new plan called the 720 Day Plan had been proposed and was authored by Yavlisky, Andre Vavilov, Mikhail Zadarnov, Boris Fyodorov, and Yevgeny Yasin. The 720 Day Plan called for backtracking the rapid and uncontrolled privatization of the economy under Yeltsin, and the plan called for supervised, and gradual privatization. The plan also called for the GOSPLAN of the Soviet Union to be re-opened so that a good amount of industries vital to the nation would be kept under state ownership; though they would be in the minority.

    The Russian Duma began the vote for the 720 program on September 1st and the plan passed with votes of 272-178. The 720 Plan would come into implementation from October 1st 1996 and end in October 1st 1998.

    Meanwhile as the starting of the 720 Days Programs was being put into the foundations, on September 3rd the United States launched Operation Desert Strike against Iraq launching multiple missiles against Iraqi anti-air defenses in Southern Iraq after the Iraqi offensive during the Kurdish Civil War. Russian cabinet members reacted with slight disdain as President Yavlinsky commented that “America is only currently heightening tensions in the area without thought for the ordinary Kurdish and Iraqi people in the area.”

    1594530975390.png

    USS Shiloh launching a tomahawk missile during Operation Desert Strike.


    Meanwhile the Duma was now starting to get ready for the 720 Days Programs where the Duma would oversee the privatization of the Russian Economy in a more planned and supervised manner. Meanwhile the Russian Oligarchs who had formed the Davos Pact including Boris Berezovsky, Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Vladimir Gusinky, had supported Yeltsin in the 1996 election and having the person who had made them grow into Oligarchs had been a huge blow to them. Legally there wasn’t much Yavlinsky could do against the Oligarchs, considering official proof regarding their fraudulent crimes did not exist. However Yavlinsky was now very committed to stop any encroachment of the Russian economy from Oligarchs. In September 10th he gave the ‘Speech of Russia’ speech.

    Russia has been a glorious nation with a glorious history. We cannot allow internal corruption to tear this nation, and its healing populace to shreds for only their satisfaction and only their pockets. This nation must heal and must be able to create a better atmosphere for all, in all regards of development of the nation.”

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    Boris Berezovsky


    Of course too basically everyone, it was clear who Yavlinsky was talking about; the Oligarchs, and most notably the Davos Trio. They suddenly found their investment funds into new private companies suddenly blocked, their legal transactions under heavy scrutiny etc. This was of course a huge blow to the Oligarchs and they continued to fund Yeltsin who by this point was still trying to make a comeback to popularity by giving speeches etc, which Yavlinsky under his ‘Free Media’ cooperative had allowed to do so, though the channels broadcasting his speeches would usually be lower on the list of channels.

    However on October 1st Yavlinsky announced the starting of the 720 Days Programs without a hitch and privatization in a more orderly manner began to take place. The GOSPLAN had been opened once more in September 25th for the overseeing of the new privatization process.

    Meanwhile however as the beginning of the 720 Days Program began to take place, the government of Yavlinsky also had other problems to contend with. The Total Fertility rate of the country at the time being was 1.6, which was horrendously low, and the country was in demographic decline, which in hindsight had been obvious since the early 1980s. To combat the population decline on October 15th the Duma reconvened to speak about potential measures to stop the decline of the Russian populace. The debate in the Duma lasted for days on the end until October 19th when the Duma using the aid of demographic experts brought from Europe and North America decided upon the main reasons behind the demographic decline:-


    • The huge amount of deaths between 1925-45.
    • The disuse of contraceptives etc in RSFR in the USSR which led to increased use of abortion.
    • Over-alcoholism
    • Poor Family Planning system
    • Poor Governmental care to the Demographic situation in the country.
    The government decided that committing to the demographic decline at the moment was Russia’s second highest priority after the economic policies being implemented in Russia. First new tentative measures were passed in the Duma to control the demographic decline in the state. Some of them were:-

    • De-monopolization of contraceptive industries in the Russian Federation.
    • Creation of better state and private co-run Family Planning System.
    • Increased tariffs on wine and alcohol production to make alcohol a weekend or once in a while food beverage. This part was hard as alcohol culture was a huge part of the Russian culture, however, with slow and steady progress, the people believed it was possible.
    • Increased psychiatrist medicinal privileges in hospitals to be allowed and created in the nation, to allow the people dying through suicides, which was high in the nation, to decrease.
    The de-monopolization on the contraceptive industry had been something that Yeltsin had partially done as well, but not fully, and the de-monopolization took place in full terms as prices for contraceptives fell and availability of the these items became more common and cheap for the Russian populace. The first tariffs on alcohol amounting to 0.5% were introduced with the end goal of making it rise till 3% - 4% depending on how the situation developed. A few family planning companies mostly hired western family planners were employed by the government started to open up proper family planning doctoral sites in cities like Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk etc. Yavlinsky carefully said “It will be a long and arduous process. However if we contribute our efforts into this, with meticulous processing, I believe we can overturn our problems.”

    Abortion prices were also raised to discourage the people of Russia from seeking abortions. Psychiatrists were given more stress in studying sectors and veterans were sent to the Psychiatrists on compulsory routine to make them ease in a much better manner.

    Meanwhile the talks between Yeltsin and Lukashenko about closer ties between the Russian Federation and the Belarusian Republic, started to become resumed as Yavlinsky was particularly interested in integrating Belarus for many reasons. First and foremost was expanding the border of Russia, second was to shorten the distance between Russia and Kalinigrad, third was to increase the population pool of the country to allow the population policies to become better rooted in the country.

    The new economic policies of the Yabloko and Yavlinsky were currently bearing good amount of fruit as the public debt of the Russian Federation showed a noticeable decline by the end of the year.

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    Alexander Lukashenko.

    Talks with Belarus over a union state was increasing as Lukashenko expressing willingness to join the Belarusian republic in the Russian state if special privileges unlike the other Russian republics were given. Talks continued and slow yet gradual privatization took place in the Russian Federation.

    ****

    Author's Note:-
    The TL runs on exactly 3 PoDs.
    (1) - The 1993 Constitutional Crisis makes Yeltsin's popularity plunge even worse than OTL
    (2) and (3) - The election of 1996 was rigged. This is not the case in ITTL. This makes Yavlinsky keep his second poll lead and win.

    ***
     
    Last edited:
    1997
  • Chapter 2

    ***

    1997

    ***

    The new year began for the Russians with nary much anything happening in the nation barring the new economic plan and the demographic plan which was being implemented by the government.

    Meanwhile in Chechnya, while official movements and direct confrontation had ended, insurgency movements were continuing to happen across Chechnya and to a lesser degree in Dagestan and northern Ossetia. However still, federal troops and heavy armament were withdrawn by the government and only anti-terror units were kept in place in Chechnya with a curfew being announced for 2 years from 9 PM in the night till 6 AM in the morning in Chechnya. Any movement required in these times would have to file their case in the Russian Federal Police to receive special permission to move around at night.

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    The reconstruction of Grozny was a successful affair.

    Meanwhile despite a few insurgency movements in Chechnya, in order to increase the productivity of the new Russian Economy, Yavlisnky ordered reconstruction in Chechnya and Grozny to start and the reconstruction began, with the Federal Government based in Moscow using this opportunity by opening up new businesses in Chechnya and providing entrepreneurs with incentives to build and construct new industries in Chechnya. This plan for the increased productivity of the Chechen region in Russia was a mixed success. A good amount of businessmen were attracted towards the opportunity business they could profit from in Chechnya, but there was always that lingering threat of the Chechen insurgents, however despite that, many set up businesses and industrial sectors in the newly rebuilt Grozny. However it wasn’t in any amount of numbers necessary to show a change in the national federal economy of Russia, however did succeed in making the new Chechen regional economy strong, which was deemed to be a success. Thus the reconstruction of Chechnya is considered a mixed success. It was enough to create a better national economy, however had been enough to create a stronger regional economic base.

    Meanwhile the government decided to keep the remaining industries as state owned corporations:-

    • Aeroflot (50% owned)
    • All Russia State Television and Media (100%)
    • Almaz-Antey (75%)
    • ALROSA (40%)
    • Arkhaim (25%)
    • Atomflot (40%)
    • Bazalt (75%)
    • Channel One Russia (25%)
    • DIAR (100%)
    • EZAN (90%)
    • FGC UES (75%)
    • Gazprom (55%)
    • Gazprom Neft (55%)
    • Inter Rao (75%)
    • Kamaz (60%)
    • Krasnaya nuclear state enterprise (100%)
    • Russian Metro (100%)
    • Oboronpom (50%)
    • ROATOM Nuclear Agency (100%)
    • Rossiya Airlines (50%)
    • Rostec (90%)
    • United Aircraft Organization (70%)
    • VTB Bank (50%)
    • United Shipbuilding Organization (50%)
    • Sovcomflot (50%)
    There were lots more, however these were the most important ones. Many defense agencies were held at 2/3 state ownership to create more competition between the private owned portions of the agencies to create more innovation sectors into the Russian Defense Industry as well. Zyuganov himself led many of the renationalization processes encouraged by himself and the Communist Party, with many vital industries renationalized by the government itself, because of a need to make the new market transition of the Russian economy better and more well worked out.

    On January 20th Bill Clinton was sworn in for a second term as the President of the United States of America. He was congratulated over the phone by president Yavlinsky. Meanwhile however, Zyuganov in the cabinet was advocating for greater development for the absolute empty lands in Siberia, whose potential he believed was being neglected.

    In accordance with the ongoing 3rd Industrial Revolution which saw the rise of partial automation, memory programmable tools, controls, computerization, and partial robotization, the government announced a plan to create a state funded automobile industry for the nation near Novosibirsk named ‘Domobli’. Construction of this factory began in January 29th. The government announced that after the construction was completed half of the new industrial venture would be sold to private ventures of the private market.

    However there was another problem that Yavlisnky and his reforms were facing. The Black Market. Under Yeltsin, the Black Market had flourished in Russia, and mafia and criminal lords linked to Oligarchs had become very powerful without much check for them in place. Whilst Yavlinsky wished to eradicate them properly all at once, needling issues such as the ongoing upliftment of the healthcare system was much more a concern. However despite this by the mid of February the government enacted the ‘Shadow Scheme’ which advocated for a check and balance system in the new market economy of the Russian Federation, and that the check and balance system should come under the supervision of the GOSPLAN which had been permanently reopened as a supervisory governmental economic sanctioned organization. The government also announced a buyback scheme from private companies which were once state owned enterprises which had hit extremely bad times due to the incoherent economic policy of Yeltsin. The buyback scheme from Yavlinsky proved to be the success the country needed, as lines of private owners came and sold their ownership of some ground hit enterprises back to the government throughout the month of February and till the middle of March. Using the newly gained funds and money Yavlinsky declared that many of the industries would be rationalized and merged and then given to the private markets under careful and slow privatization once again. Some industries which rose up due to this buyback scheme and merger scheme were:-

    • All-Russia Black Sea Port Port Company (Novorossiyk, Sochi Port Companies)
    • Smolensk Industries and Co. (Sliznevo Corporation, Katyn Corporation, Lubnya Corporation)
    • Saratov Automobiles (Merger of previous Saratov Automobile industries)
    • Volga Maritime Facilities (Merging all bought back maritime facilities of the Volga River, making it one of the largest maritime facilities in the world)
    • Baikal Industries and Corporation. (Merger of industries in the Baikal area)
    • Far East Corporations
    • Siberian Banking Corporation and Finances (Merger of Siberian bank shares bought back)
    There were of course multiple others, however these were the main ones and the government announced the buyback scheme to be valid until the end of the year, making the buyback scheme to be an ongoing process in Russia as time went on.

    In addition to the lowering deficits due to the ongoing economic reforms, Zyuganov got what he wanted and the Cabinet passed the bill in March 14th to start construction of an extension to the Trans-Siberian Railway Line all the way to Yakutsk and Anadyr. This project was made open to public shares and investment and unemployed construction workers started to become employed as this construction through the Siberian wilderness would require a lot of hands. Zyuganov’s plan for the extension of the Trans-Siberian Railway was seen as a success, as the economic problems of the Far-East usually overlooked for the west, were now being highlighted and righted as productivity from investments, shares and employment for this extension grew. Whilst private investments and shares were largely allowed in this new extension to the Trans-Siberian Railway, the property was still largely nationalized by the Russian government; as part of Zyuganov’s agenda on nationalizing much of the bigger Russian industries.

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    The Trans-Siberian Railway.

    Meanwhile however in March 18, a Russian AN-24 plane flying to Turkey carrying passengers on board broke apart mid-flight killing all 44 of its passengers and all 5 of its crew members. This was a horrible aerial disaster for the Russians and the government was forced to look into the matter and much to their horrification, found that aerial safety and supervision laws in Russia had grown lax and old, and new safety laws and reforms were forcefully pushed through the Duma by Yavlisnky.

    Back home however the talks with Belarus over unification had hit stone cold into a wall. Yavlinsky wanted Belarus to join Russia as a normal republic like the Sakha Republic or the Chechen Republic, however Lukashenko was adamant in his position that some sort of special privilege be made for the Belarusians. This adamant stance of Lukashenko had made the talks stall for around 3 months before Zyuganov, Lukashenko, and Yavlisnky met each other and sat down for a series of talks in Smolensk beginning from April 5th to April 15th called as the Smolensk Summit.

    During the Smolensk Summit, after 7 years of stalling, and impossible demands, Yavlinsky, Lukashenko and Zyuganov managed to reach an accord. The following points were agreed during the Smolensk Summit.:-

    • A UN overseen referendum in Belarus regarding joining Russia.
    • Belarus to become a devolved state in Russia with the title – First President given to the President of Belarus.
    • The Russian Federal Government to retain powers of the military, state economy and foreign policy in Belarus.
    • Belarus’s National Assembly to be reorganized into the Belarus Duma with highest seats being integrated into the Russian Duma.
    • Belarus’s First President having the ability to veto any decisions regarding Belarus not within the spheres of Foreign policy, state economy and military if it does not have support of 80% of the Russian Duma. If 80% of the Russian Duma agree to it, however the Belarusian First President must agree to enact it.
    • Belarusian language, culture and traditions to be given importance in the state constitution of the Russian Federation.
    • The fist First President of Belarus to be Lukashenko and the next elections to take place in 2002 to coincide with the Russian General Elections of 2002 and to follow the same term limit (6 years).
    Both Lukashenko and Yavlinsky returned to their respective capitals and announced the Smolensk Summit to be a testament to both country’s diplomatic skills and that the resolution for a UN sponsored referendum would be put forward to the United Nations General Assembly in September 17th, when they would meet in New York.

    The declaration of the points of the Smolensk Summit was met with mixed responses from the international community. UN General Secretary Kofi Annan replied by saying “It is a great day for the international community to be working together for the continued betterment of their people. If the proposal shall be put forward in the UN General Assembly, then the full weight of the United Nations shall be put behind it, to put a peaceful resolution to this issue raised in Smolensk. This organization would also like to compliment the Belarusian and Russian governments for their transparent work in Smolensk so that the public and the international community was aware of it beforehand so that we can commit ourselves into it with better efficiency and with much more background foundations.”

    1594618619405.png

    Kofi Annan announcing the reaction to the Belarus-Russian Reunification talks held in the Smolensk Summit


    President Brazauskas of Lithuania disagreed. “Having Russia at our border brings problems the Lithuanian people and government can only ill afford and such a move would highly change Lithuanian interests, politics and international entanglements as well as international communal works.”

    Latvian President Guntis Ulmanis shared the view of his Lithuanian counterpart as he spoke on April 19th. “This government had no wish to be a neighbor to a neighbor that have oppressed us for centuries. This government would like to point out to the United Nations, that proper measures must be taken, and Belarus must remain an independent nation; regardless of what the masses would think.”

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    Guntis Ulmanis.


    This of course led to a huge backlash for Ulmanis as he basically said that ‘Democracy was useless’ and his popularity dwindled, especially among the Russian and Belarusian minority in Latvia, which made up a significant group of Minorities.

    US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said “It is the position of this administration to remain handsoff regarding the new declaration made by the Belarusians and Russians. If the United Nations can guarantee a full free and fair referendum without any fraudulent activities, then this government shall support the referendum and any democratic process in any nation anywhere on this planet.”

    1594619697851.png

    Madeleine Albright


    Jamie Shea, the Spokesperson of NATO however had a different view. “The annexation of Belarus would mean greater coordination for the Russian state to show its muscles in the international stage, and potential take the lost glory it has lost once more into its grasp. NATO and all its members must take this matter seriously along with all that it entails.”

    Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma supported the move. “A democratic vote by which the country unifying with another is proof that Belarus and Russia have both moved passed their authoritarian past. Ukraine shall support the decision if the referendum is held in a free and fair manner.”

    1594618725993.png

    Leonid Kuchma


    As such the response from the international community was mixed. However Yavlinsky and Zyuganov, both were pretty enthusiastic about the entire ordeal, as their popularity in Russia had grown after the Smolensk Summit from a 68% approval rate to a very high 86% approval rate. Combined with the ongoing economic reforms which were proving to be successful, as well as the restructuring of the Russian Health System and the new demographic laws which were already showing good results, the government was very popular.

    On May 28th the Ukrainian and Russian governments signed the Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet. This agreement partitioned the Soviet Black Sea Fleet between Russia and Ukraine with Russia receiving 82% of the black sea fleet and Ukraine receiving 18% of it. Russia maintained the use of the Port of Sevastopol for the Black Sea Fleet and had the right to maintain 25,000 troops, 24 artillery systems, 132 armored vehicles, and 22 military planes in the Crimean Peninsula as per the Treaty.

    1594618779085.png

    The signing of the Partition Treaty of the Black Sea Fleet.

    Meanwhile back home in Russia, the buyback scheme and the merger schemes continued to gain traction as more and more industries were created and constructed providing more productivity to the Russian economy. Meanwhile finally the government of Russia passed the ‘Anti-Corruption Bill’ which introduced severe consequences for the Oligarchs of Russia. This bill brought to light many of the Oligarch’s fraudulent activities such as Tax Evasion, Nepotism, corruption etc. The Oligarchs quickly came under fire. Heavy charges were made especially against the Davos Pact members, and all three had to flee Russia into Turkmenistan to escape legality jurisdictions. All of their assets in Russia were seized and taken by the Russian government. With the destruction of the Davos Pact in Russia, the support base for Yeltsin evaporated with the last vestiges gone. The Oligarchy in Russia which had been simmering in Russia for a long time reached an extreme low point as the corruption, nepotism schemes, ta evasions etc were made public by the government which made the people of Russia enraged enough to have public lynching and public defaming etc of these Oligarchs. The government did nothing to stop them.

    Meanwhile, with the money and finances being slightly tight for the Russian government, the old Loans for Shares Scheme made by Yeltsin for the Russian Oligarchs was reintroduced as well; though largely in a more finer manner. The old Oligarchic holdings were sold to the public, and the shares auctions this time weren’t rigged at all like the previous times, and the competitive auctions made the Russian coffers fill up, as foreign investors bought the shares from the auction with their hands full. The return of companies such as Mechel, Lukoil, Yukol etc were pretty good for the Russian economy as well as deficit spending was now lowering and stabilizing in the Russian economy.

    In July 2nd however crisis gripped the nation and the world as Thailand floated the Baht into the international market triggering a severe financial crisis. Every nation in Asia was directly affected by it, and since Russia was an Eurasian state with a good portion of their economic holdings in Asia, the crisis affected Russia as well. Russia’s Ruble had a high fixed exchange rate and was affected by the crisis as exports and imports from South East Asia. 15% of Russia’s exports went to Asia and 12% of the Russian imports came from Asia. This forced the government of Yavlinsky to announce that a new economic currency plan was to be adopted by the nation and immediate anti-inflationary laws were passed to stop the rise of inflation as the risk of it grew during the crisis. On July 17th as the crisis worsened, the government of Yavlinsky passed the ‘Mixed Law’ which mixed floatation of currency and fixed exchange rate into together. It provided a range for the currency to float officially adopting the Managed Currency System. It gave a range of 4.0 to 5.5 for the Ruble to float under the supervision of the government. The Ruble was allowed to float under this scheme and it settled down at 4.8 thus alleviating a lot of Russia’s economic problems it faced within the first two weeks of the crisis. Yavlinsky however decided to use the current crisis in Asia to Russia’s advantage as well. Russia’s economy which was now healing and starting to grow, paying of the debts, started to allow loans to be given. Considering Russia’s economy was still healing, the advantage Russia could reap was limited, however no matter how much limited it would be, it would be able to accelerate the Russian economy. Yavlinsky announced a medium scale and limited loan offer scheme to the Asian nations hit by the Crisis. Malaysia became the first nation to take Yavlisnky’s offer and purchased a $3 Billion Loan. South Korea became the second nation to take the offer and bought a $5 Billion loan from Russia. Indonesia followed suit and took a $4 Billion loan scheme and Thailand became the last nation to take the offer up and it took a $3 Billion dollar loan from Russia. All in all Yavlinsky had been willing to give away $18 Billion in loans and had been able to reach $15 Billion, which was acceptable and did allow the Russian Foreign Reserves grow by a good margin. Russian investment into these nations grew, and noticing the Russian success, investors from nations such as China, Japan and Canada started to invest into the Russian Far East and Siberian Development Program which had been opened to investment.

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    In the Asian Financial Crisis, the economic productivity fell largely.

    The Asian Economic Crisis was used to Russia's advantage as well. The loans were given through private channels, and largely not through direct governmental intervention. Coupled with this, the Russian government knew that an economic crisis in the future was likely, and that the crippling debt that Russia had was not sustainable to the government at all. Russia defaulted their Soviet debts in the international market. The international Monetary Fund only showed suspicions of foul play however, the Russians had been canny in their use of the crisis to stop the debt accumulation of the Russian economy. A slight inflationatory period entered the Russian economy as a result of the default, however the anti-inflation measures taken by the previous laws were largely successful in keeping them at bay and reducing their effects. The Russo Default of 1997 is largely seen as a subtle move towards economic productivity in a cunning manner; a move that could only be done by someone with extreme economic knowledge........someone like Yavlinsky. However despite this pretty long sighted view for the economy, the default created a short three week long inflation crisis in Russia which was stabilized by the inflation measures, however his approval went down as a result; despite arguably making the economy largely stronger and in a freer manner.

    On July 22nd NATO announced that Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary would be joining NATO in 1999. This raised alarm rings in Moscow and the Kremlin as Yavlinsky gave a neutral, slightly leaned reply. “The Eastern Europeans have just now managed to grow and recover. Starting to interfere in the region with military affairs can only compound economic problems and the UN and NATO must create a better atmosphere for growth of all nations involved.”

    This was of course Russia’s polite manner of saying, they didn’t approve of it. However for the time being there was little Russia could do. However, investment was also given with a specific quota to the Defense Industries of the nation. Speaking about Defense, Yavlinsky, ever the economist lobbied for a cutting on the nuclear stockpile that Russia had. Currently Russia had 12,000 Nuclear Warheads. Yavlinsky argued cutting it down to 6000. At this point the conservatives of the Russian Duma had to put their foot down and specifically said no. They replied that they would be amenable to a reduction, but cutting it down by half was something that they would not even entertain. However Yavlinsky managed to wriggle out the number to be lowered to 10,000 and to be maintained at such with no increase in it, thus lowering 1/6 of the money spent to upkeep and maintain the nuclear warheads as they were slowly disposed of. And as such Russian ease of economy grew.

    On September 17 during the UN General Assembly, two topics were the hottest in the assembly. The Iraqi Disarmament Crisis and the Russo-Belarusian Unification. The Iraqi Disarmament Crisis went over……pretty not well as the Iraqi government denounced the crisis and declared it would not allow any sort of foreign intervention in its disarmament raising tensions between the Middle Eastern Nation and the Western Powers including NATO. For the second topic, the debates lasted for a good few hours before Kofi Anan declared that UN Peacekeeping Forces and UN Agencies would take control of a referendum to be held on the 15th of November in Belarus. As such, UN agencies started to flood both Russia and Belarus for the event, as preparations for the referendum in Belarus took place.

    The common slogan during this 1 and a half month time for the referendum was – “Do your nation a favor and vote! It’s for your future!”

    On November 15th, the Referendum took place all over Belarus. The voter turnout for the referendum was a staggering 89% of the voting age populace. The UN’s and state government had encouraged the people to vote and it had clearly been effective. On November 20th the referendum was declared over and on November 25th the results were announced by Kofi Anan.

    • Do you support Belarusian Unification with Russia under the guidance of the Smolensk Summit? – (72.7%)
    • Do you not support the Belarusian Unification proposal under the guidance of the Smolensk Summit? – (22.3%)
    • Invalid votes – (5%)
    This was a huge win for the government of both Yavlinsky and Lukashenko and that evening Yavlinsky announced that Belarus would join the Russian Federation on December 31st, 1997.

    And true to his word, on 12:00 AM, Russian GMT, Belarus announced its annexation into the Russian Federation under the Smolensk Summit Plan. On 12:10 Russia announced that it had received the offer and had accepted thus unifying both nations once more with Lukashenko as the First President of the Republic of Belarus within the Russian Federation.

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    Lukashenko officially signing and stating the reunification of Russia and Belarus.

    Despite this clear democratic process however, countries like Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Finland and Romania boycotted the referendum stating that the error of the referendum was there for all to see. However they remained temporary and medium scaled hiccups as the world largely recognized the unification of Belarus into the Russian Federation.

    ***
     
    1998
  • Chapter 3: 1998

    ***

    1998

    ***

    The year 1998 began with slight fanfare as the Russian GDP showed a growth rate of 7.1% last year, which was directly attributed to the success of the half completed 720 Days Program. It was estimated that without the Asian Financial Crisis, the growth rate would have hit 10%, but however that remains speculation, however the growth rate of 7% remained reality.

    Yavlinsky predicted that the debt of the Soviet Union was possible to be cleared by the year of 2000. As such, speaking about economics, the buyback scheme and merger scheme in Russia ended and it was implemented in Belarus. Belarusian economics came under the control of the State Economy.

    The new inclusion of Belarus into the Russian state also meant that the Kalingrad corridor between Russia was now severely shortened and the Foreign Ministry was currently trying to reach a deal with Lithuania over a free movement deal in one highway to and fro from the exclave, however with the Lithuanian government not recognizing the incorporation of Belarus into the Russian State, it was never going to be negotiated as the Lithuanian government flat out refused, and this put a severe dent into the Russo-Lithuanian relations. In retaliation, the Lithuanian, and Latvian governments announced that in 2000, their nations would be joining NATO.

    This was extremely hurtful to the Russian geopolitics and the security of the Russian borders. Russia unilaterally cut off diplomatic ties between Lithuania and Latvia and stated that an embargo on Lithuanian and Latvian goods would be conducted in Russia. Considering the Lithuanian and Latvian contributions to the Russian economy was so negligent that basically no one even knew about it, however the Russian contribution to the Baltic economy was huge and in some cases in Latvia where a quarter of the Estonian imports came from. This led to severe economic problems and stress in the Baltic states with inflation rapidly growing. Interest rates in the Baltic states grew to levels higher than 12-15% and the country’s hit a roadblock to their economic recovery. America condemned this action and stated that Russia had no right to conduct itself in such a manner. Russia retaliated by stating that America had no business expanding their military alliance to Russia’s own backyard bringing up an analogy of Mexico joining the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War which made the American government suspiciously quiet. Russia did publicly announce in January 25th that Russia would remove the economic embargo and sanctions by the end of the year, however if Lithuania and Latvia did not back down on their stance of joining NATO, Russia would seize all of their assets in Russia and then drop the sanctions. This was a huge conundrum for the Baltic states.

    Russia reiterated that Latvia and Lithuania withdraw their intention to join NATO on January 31st, however no response was given. The situation was slowly escalating as tensions rose and the entire fiasco was called the ‘Baltic Crisis’. Yavlinsky publicly spoke on February 1st in the Kremlin looked on by thousands of Moscow citizens.

    The situation in the Baltic is one of emergency. We cannot allow any sort of military alliance try to envelope the Russian nation. We cannot allow that to happen under any circumstance. This government pleads with the Lithuanian, and Latvian governments to be pragmatic and to allow a peaceful matter to come through between all parties involved in this crisis.”

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    Grigory Yavlinsky imploring the Baltic States



    However just in case the next day, general partial mobilization was ordered through the military of the Russian Federation. FSB director Vladimir Putin privately told Yavlinsky that the situation of the FSB was ‘poor in comparison to the KGB’. This was of course detrimental news to the Russian government, however Yavlinsky was adamant on his point. Through diplomatic channels in Poland, the government started to enter negotiations with the Baltic states who after a month being hit with the blockade and having faced severe economic problems and as well as the Belarusian and Russian populace of their countries becoming rebellious, started to third party negotiations with the Russian Federation.

    Russia demanded that Latvia and Lithuania join the Non-Aligned Movement. Lithuania flatly refused this in the first series of the negotiations. Russia’s position was that it would allow the Baltic states if it wanted to join the EU and the NATO freewill and peacekeeping exercises etc, however would not allow NATO to allow Latvia and Lithuania to join. In Yavlinsky’s own words ‘Russia doesn’t want American troops to be based in the Baltic like a dagger poised at our jugulars.’

    Latvia, which had a huge Russian minority, around 20% of the entire nations, was becoming increasingly restless, and with the economic downturn, severe inflation, and severe economic de-control, and with a slightly rebellious population, Latvia caved in, and the government signed the Tallinn Accords with Russia.

    It officially stated that Latvia would adopt military neutrality in any kind of military alliance or entangle between its neighbors. Lithuania caved in the last respectively in February 25th. The Baltic Crisis was the first crisis after the Cold War in the area, and it had been a Russian success. In the Tallinn Accords, the two countries had recognized Russian annexation of Belarus as well, and Russia lifted the blockade on February 26th and unfroze their assets. On the next day the Baltic heads stated that they would create a Baltic Assembly for creating an economic cooperative union between the three Baltic States and Russia supported this action on the part of the three. During February 27th Latvia and Lithuania withdrew their membership from NATO much to America’s chagrin. The entire crisis was largely not a good thing for Russia on the international stage, at least in Europe, as the Russian ‘Russophobia’ was starting to regain traction, however on a smaller level. However, Russia had been adamant on this point, and despite the fact that Latvia and Lithuania had signed the Tallinn Accords, secret agreements between the Americans and the Latvians and Lithuanians were drawn up; like the agreements between Sweden and NATO during the Cold War. Estonia, had remained neutral in the crisis, knowing rightly that a response would come, especially after the annexation of Belarus, and was largely ‘minding it’s own business’. Whilst the Western media liked to liken the economic crisis in the Baltic to be the same hunger situation of the Soviet Union, that was pretty wrong, and the situation and the crisis was largely limited to the government and the ‘restlessness’ of the Russian minority in each states. Because of this, geopolitically, little changed, in the long run and short run. Both. However the first wedge between Russo-Western relations had been made.

    However that took a side seat to the upcoming crisis. The Kosovo War began on February 28th, 1998. Increased repression from the Yugoslav government against the ethnic Albanians of the Kosovo Region had led to the formation of the Kosovo Liberation Army or the KLA, which had used terror attacks against the Yugoslav army to attack them. As such the KLA openly stated that they would now look for independence and/or merger with Albania and started to openly attack the Yugoslav army, with a massacre in Likoshane happening. Russia, historically Yugoslavia and Serbia’s ally was not going to get involved in any particular war, especially since, Russia’s own economy was still under growth and heal and the new Military Reforms bill proposed by FSB head Vladimir Putin, were still just that, bills and weren’t being implemented at all.


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    The KLA in one guerilla camp.

    However, needing to show some solidarity with a historic ally, Yavlinsky on March 4th said that individual volunteer military officials would be transferred to Serbia under their own free will, if they wished to. 1 Motor Rifle Division and 1 Armored Division volunteered to go to Yugoslavia under the Yugoslav administration and Yugoslav military. On March 10th they were seated into planes to go to Belgrade. This move was highly criticized by NATO, however considering these were volunteer regiments and divisions, an outdated yet completely valid tactic, there was little standing in the war between the Russian troops and armor successfully landing in Belgrade and unloading their full capability onto the field by the end of the month.


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    Russian Volunteer troops in Yugoslavia and the Kosovo War.

    Yavlisnky despite having sent troops, however did give a speech stating that “A peaceful resolution between all powers involved will allow the Yugoslavs and the Albanians would allow for less bloodshed, which is highly necessary.”

    Internal politics in Russia at the time were also brewing. FSB leader Vladimir Putin was raising voice over the military ineptitude showed by the Russian Army in Chechnya and the fumbled partial mobilization during the Baltic Crisis. Vladimir Putin was calling for a study of the Federal Army and Armed Forces and to necessitate more reforms which would have better results for the Russian Armed Forces as a whole. Alexander Lebed and Sergey Shoyu supported the position of Vladimir Putin and in March 15th Alexander Lebed, Sergey Shoyu and Vladimir Putin co-authored a bill named the ‘Russian Armed Reforms Proposal’. The Proposal was extensive and was proposed before the State Duma.

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    Vladimir Putin, the Leader of the FSB; the successor to the KGB.

    The State Duma voted on the proposal and the bill passed with 289-161 votes in the Duma.

    The Proposal’s reforms were the following:-

    • The closing of Military Towns, which were largely obsolete and converting them to industrial centers, which would aid the ongoing economic progress of Russia.
    • Reducing the Active Personnel of the Russian Army to 1.2 Million men, with 850,000 in the West and 350,000 in the East.
    • Slowly increasing training standards to make the 1.2 million army a fully professional armed military force.
    • Reducing the imbalance between troops and officer numbers.
    • Creating a professional NCO corps in the army.
    • Reducing the size and complexity of the Central Command Structure.
    • Introducing more Civilian and Aux Logistics in the army.
    • Elimination of Cadre Formations.
    • Reorganization of troops into firm Division system; the old division between the Division and Brigade System had made a huge confusions within the military ranks.
    • The Reduction of the Military Districts into Western Military District, Southern Military District, Central Military District, Eastern Military District.
    • The Division of the Army into 5 types of Divisions; Armored Divisions, Motor Rifle Division, Mechanized Divisions, Artillery Divisions and Mechanized Infantry Divisions.
    • Dividing the Air Commands into 1st Air Command, 2nd Air Command, 3rd Air Command and 4th Air Command along with their corresponding Military Districts.
    • A total inspection of the Russian Navy. Upto 2/3 of the obsolete ships to be scrapped and to be sent to civilian reconstruction of maritime ships or for future naval building or for target practice. The rest of the Navy to be brought upto full maritime war strength to bolster the loss in numbers. Primary Responsibility of the Navy to be given to naval protection, and secondary responsibility to be power projection, and not the mix mash of both that it had before.


    The Russian Command of Armies were also divided into the following.

    • Army (2 Corps) (80K men)
    • Corps (2 Divisions) (40k men)
    • Divisions (4 Regiments) (20K men)
    • Regiments (4 Battalions) (5K men)
    • Battalion (5 Companies) (1000 men)
    • Company (4 Platoons) (200 men)
    • Platoon (5 Squads) (50 Men)
    • Squads (10 Men)
    The Russian Military was restructured accordingly with the end process aimed at the end of the year.

    Meanwhile the Russian Economy started foreign investment drives as the government also managed to invest into a road project in Estonia linking Tallinn and Narva motorway. This was accepted by the Estonian government very reluctantly however, Estonian President Lennart Mari gave a short speech regarding it. “Russian investment into our development shows that Russia is slowly growing out of its economic stagnation era. We must also follow in the footsteps of Russia and make our economy strong again. Estonian and Russian relations have always been shaky, however with these new investment plans, and plans for extension of Estonian assets in Russia, this government hopes that Estonia and Russia can have cordial relations once again and leave the stigma of the past where it belongs; in the past.”

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    Estonian President Lennart Mari.

    Estonia, was largely now going on the road for rapprochement.

    This however was met with negative response from Latvia and Lithuania as further Russian investment into their economies and development were curtailed. However despite this, Yavlinsky continued the growth of the Russian Economy. China’s economy which was growing to be a behemoth was quickly starting to overtake the Japanese economy. Yavlinsky, the economist that he was, saw the advantages of investing into the Chinese economy and the rising Red Dragon of Asia. On March 29th, the government of Russia announced that Russia was buying a portion of the Chinese industries in Manchuria (around 1/10) which were undergoing privatization under Xiaoping’s reforms in China.

    On April 3rd the Chinese government approved of these developments and the Russian government officially bought portions of these industries the next week.

    Meanwhile as India started to test Nuclear Weapons in Pokhran, bringing in worldwide condemnation, Russia was found in a quandary. They could either support or deny the Indians. However considering India was an enemy of China, Yavlinsky was hesitant to do much, and opted for a neutral position instead. Quietly though, Yavlinsky stated that “India is provoking Pakistan and China, incessantly raising tensions. If I had to choose between China and India, I would choose China.”


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    Indian Nuclear Test in Pokhran.

    Yavlisnky had gone forward with a rapprochement program with China and this was clearly affecting India, as Indian ambassadors and diplomats were protesting against the move by Russia. The infamous Indian media known for their exaggeration spoke about how ‘Russia had betrayed India’ however, Yavlisnky saw more economic and military profiting for the Russians in China.

    Meanwhile throughout the later stages of the month of April, Russia began to privatize the merged corporations and industries it had bought back in a weathered and organized manner. Some of the financial institutions would remain under partial state ownership, however most would be fully privatized later on.

    Prompted by economic growth, and as the extension of the Trans-Siberian rail in its mid stages, Yavlinsky proposed another infrastructure in the country of Russia. Russia still held assets in Central Asia and the government of Russia wished to capitalize on the fact that Russia still controlled a good portion of Central Asia’s economy. Increased assets in Central Asia would do a world of good to the Russian economy beyond the Ural mountains.

    Yavlinsky proposed a medium scale railway line between the Russian cities of Volgagrad, Omsk and the Central Asian Capitals to bolster trade relations between the nations and to increase economic productivity in all countries involved.

    Kazakhstan who was facing a recession due to a slump in oil prices, agreed readily and so did the other Central Asian states, which all had fallen into a small scale recession.

    Meanwhile the railway line to Yakutsk opened up as the final construction ended. As such the final ground works for the railway line to Anadyr were being finalized and slowly implemented as well. On May 28th in response to the Indian nuclear testing, Pakistan detonated their own nuclear device as well, which led to the USA, and other countries to raise sanctions on Pakistan. Russia, who was in no condition to block out a major regional power, declined to do so, however did raise warnings to the Pakistani ambassador and raised a few embargoes on Pakistan.

    As the month of May ended, Yugoslavia and Russia led talks over the Kosovo War going on in Yugoslavia at the moment. Russia managed to arrange talks between Albania and Yugoslavia regarding Kosovo. However talks only erupted into more tense relations as the leaders and diplomats of Albania and Yugoslavia stooped to an arguing shouting match with each other rather than actually speaking with each other regarding the crisis in a well manner. It didn’t help that the Americans passed photos of showing solidarity with the KLA which made the KLA and the ethnic Albanians in Kosovo even more emboldened now that the World Superpower was backing them.

    Yavlinsky later sent stated in a press meeting that “The situation in Kosovo is a very delicate situation. Both sides need to understand that without dialogue, the only way this ends is through needless bloodshed which had enveloped the Balkan Peninsula. Both sides must be open for talks for a peaceful resolution.”

    However talks were fading and a return to violence was erupting in the Balkan Peninsula. Romania and Bulgaria both were very tense regarding the crisis and Russia was actively trying to barter talks, however to no avail.

    World Tensions erupted further when the Guinea Bissau Civil War. However despite this, despite the dirty manner of the deal, Russia began to export weapons in the crisis and conflict. The World’s weapons exporters were clearly doing so, and to fall behind would have been economic fallacy. Meanwhile a major military decision was also made. The T-72 fleet of the Russian Military was to be sent to storage, whilst the entire Russian armored fleet would be made of T-80 and T-90 tanks. Russia currently had around 7000 T-72 tanks in service, and the Russian plan was to mass-produce the T-90 Tanks to supplement them. The T-90 tank had received international acclaim, and the tank was among the best in the world, and Russia wished to have a strong armored background, and having outdated weaponry didn’t seem to be a part of that. The Russian Ministry of Defense predicted that by 2005, the fleet of T-72’s could completely be stored and replaced by the T-90 tank fleet.


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    The T-90 Main Battle Tank.

    On June 17th Yavlinsky announced that construction of the Central Asian Railway Line had begun between all states involved. On June 20th the government of Yavlinsky announced that unemployment had slumped in Russia by a huge margin, and the report was backed up by statements from the World Bank and IMF both of which stated the new economic period of Russia as the ‘Russian Economic Miracle’.

    Currently Russia was also in the process of upgrading and making better commodity industries. The quality of commodities in Russia, which once had been so abysmal, with the arrival of proper privatization and proper marketing and competition started to grow and become of global standards and the Russian Commodity industry went through a huge boom in population during this time.

    Russia was also as off this time trying to get in within the Industry 3.0 to 4.0 intermediate level with increased investments into robotics and digital industries.

    On July 17th the government of Russia signed the bill creating the International Criminal Court. Yavlinsky was also starting to finally get rid of the vestiges of the Oligarchy as lesser oligarchs started to leave the nation to other nations and their assets were systematically seized by the government. The increased assets revenue meant that the Russian reserves grew as well. Increased production and exports also meant that the Russian foreign currency reserves were also increasing by a huge margin.

    As the month of August came around the 720 Days Program were entering their final phases. The 720 Days program had been an astounding success on part of the Russians and the government was eagerly drawing up new plans as well for after the end of the program. The draft and proposal for a 4-Year Plan between 1998 and 2002 were being drafted as well.

    The 4-year plan was focused on three portions of the Russian economy:-

    • Infrastructure: This portion advocated for the increase in Russian infrastructural development and to make the Russian infrastructure better again.
    • Commodity and Consumer goods: This portion of the plan included plans to make Russian consumer goods of extremely high quality and to make the Russian consumer good, one of the greatest industries of the nation.
    • Diversification: Russia’s economy was heavily dependent on Oil and Gas. This portion planned to diversify the Russian economy by delving into the potential for Russia’s hydroelectricity, timber, tourism, agricultural, minerals, electronic, weaponry, medicinal, herbal, etc and other fields to diversify the Russian economy and increase production and exports.
    • Agriculture: This portion of the Russian plan was to make Russia fully agriculturally independent by investments, upkeeps, and other methods such as mechanization, and proper agricultural incentives.
    This plan received good amount of support from Zyuganov and Yavlinsky, however the idea was deemed unfeasible to achieve so fast in 4 years, and the proposal was upgraded into a 2-part program called the dual 3-year Plans with the first plan putting the foundations for it in place and the second plan to finish it and increase the Russian economic productivity and strength.

    The 3-Year Plan bills were put to vote in the Duma on August 15th, and received the support of 306 of the votes. It was agreed to start implementation in November 1st 1998 to end on November 1st, 2001. The second 3-Year Plan was to start on 1st January 2002 and end in 1st January 2005.

    Meanwhile throughout September, the last vestiges and parts of the 720 Days Program were implemented as the last portions of the industries were privatized. Throughout the entire fiasco of the previous administration, the Russian economy had grown steadfast and the country’s economy was booming. Russian investment and Russian FDI were growing as well and the 720 Days Program ended on 1st October 1998 with economic experts lauding the program to be one of the 20th centuries most successful economic directives and plans. Majority of the praise for the plan was kept at the feet of Yavlisnky and partially Zyuganov as well.

    Meanwhile the final parts in the military restructuring were implemented in the Russian military as the few volunteer regiments fighting in Kosovo provided Russia with much needed military intelligence and military capability tests. Meanwhile Russian aerospace industries, in one of the very first return of the famed Russian Military Complex announced that MiG and Sukhoi were working together for a counter for the American Lockheed Martin F-22 stealth tactical bomber. The project was named SM Boggrom with the SM standing for Sukhoi and MiG. Boggrom in Russian meant God Thunder. Components of this aircraft and tests were already going on. This project announcement was met with a lot of mixed results. Economists praised it as a testament to how far the Russian economy was progressing enough to focus on their defense industry as well, however NATO countries and most specifically, America was upset that Russia was developing a counter to the vaunted F-22.

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    An animated depiction of the SM Boggrom.

    However problems for competitors in the Russian Aerospace competition compounded when on October 28th Mig and Sukhoi announced that the two industries were going to merge to form the SM Aerospace Industries. The merger had been prompted by the Russian government and they owned around 10% of the total shares of the new SM industry. MiG and Sukhoi both held an equal share over the new industry, making it one of the most balanced mergers out there.

    However, the competition was not without challenge. Tupolev announced that they were independently looking into making a new bomber that could do heavy damage into enemy lands. Experts suggested that this new project of Tupolev, named still not disclosed, would not be able to reach the levels of the B-22 bomber, however would be near to the level, as experts looked on at the amount of investment the share holders of Tupolev invested into this new project.

    Meanwhile the Russian ministries finally showed some good news on the demographic front as reports stated that the rate of population decline was declining and stagnating a lot. The reports predicted that within half a decade, the population of Russia, if more effective policies like the ones put in place were implemented further, the Russian population could enter a period of slow growth again. Yavlinsky and Zyuganov passed the Second Demographic Act endorsing it and alcohol tariffs were raised to around 1.2% from the previous 0.5% percent to curtail alcoholism. The price for abortion were also raised slowly and gradually which made abortion slightly more expensive and less attractive to Russian couples.

    On November 20th, the Zarya module, the first module of the International Space Station was launched by the Russian Cosmodrone in Kazakhstan beginning the construction of the International Space Station.

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    Launching of the Zarya Module into Space.

    Meanwhile the first portion of the 3-Year Plan was beginning in its implementation as feasibility surveys were conducted, and Russian machines were beginning to invest into the Volga delta into creating an agricultural zone.

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    The Volga River tract in Russia.

    The government of Russia was also increasingly coming to be concerned by the Kosovo War, as NATO involvement became increasingly likely. Meanwhile the Iraqi Disarmament Crisis was also starting to heat up and the Russian government was increasingly becoming agitated.

    In good news for Russia at the end of the year, the Russian economy grew by 6.7%, a huge growth for the national economy.

    ***

    AN: One flashpoint already there now. One Russia 'won'. Spoiler alert: Russia doesn't 'win' the following 'flashpoints'.

    ***
     
    1999 (1st Half)
  • Chapter 4

    ***

    1999 (1st Half)

    ***

    As the year 1999 came about the 3 year plan was under full swing. Researchers and analysts gave reports that showed that the North Caucasus Region, the Black Sea Region and the Volga Delta would be the most ideal place for Russia to start developing their agriculture and to invest into it. Yavlinsky in January 2nd announced an Agricultural Drive. The government of Russia began to open massive farm industries in these areas, with employment in these areas rising. Most particularly, these areas had grown to have a Chechen minority due to the Chechen Wars, where hoards of Chechen people had fled and settled. These Chechen refuges were mostly unemployed, and the new opportunity of receiving proper wages coupled with work experience meant that the Chechen refugees became the most positively affected people in the immediate sense of the new Agricultural Drive. The government also began a mechanization and ‘To the Future of Agricultural Plan’ as the government started to invest heavily into newer Agricultural technologies to create better yields and better productivity in the Russian agriculture.

    1594812292178.png

    Agriculture was one of Russia's most developing sectors.

    Meanwhile in the government of Russia, FSB director and head, Vladimir Putin was agitating the government with the need of making the FSB to be a worthy successor to the KGB. The FSB was underfunded and the quality of intelligence that the FSB produced was poor. In fact in the Chechen Wars, they had been of negligible help to the war, when in fact in wars, intelligence agencies should have been on the forefront of any kind of communication scheme. Vladimir Putin gave a passionate plea in the Cabinet, and Sergey Shoyu and Alexander Lebed both supported the stance of Vladimir Putin.

    1594812418834.png

    Logo of the FSB

    However finances were all being directed towards economic development at the moment and no new funds could be given to any other project until the completion of the Yakutsk-Anadyr Railway Extension to the Trans-Siberian Railway. Yavlinsky spoke to Putin and promised him that the next year, a new set of funds would be allocated specifically for the FSB for its development and regrowth to be a power to make. Putin was slightly disappointed that it could not happen soon, however he agreed to Yavlinsky’s proposal and declared that the FSB would start new defensive and developmental projects from the next year onwards.

    On January 25th international concerns arose once again, as the Japanese government once again asserted its claim to the Southern Kuril Islands of Kunashir. Yavlinsky turned the claims down and stated that “These islands were given to us by right of international decree in Yalta and San Francisco.”

    However Japan disputed the terminology of even calling the southern islands as a part of the Kuril Islands Chain. Russia responded harshly. Yavlinsky was in no mood. NATO had severely attacked and undermined Russia’s influence in Yugoslavia and Yavlinsky could not face another undermining of strength. The opposition parties would bring hell to pay to him. Yavlinsky ordered 5,000 troops of the 3rd Sakhalin Regiment to be transferred to the Southern Kuril Islands sparking diplomatic fallout with Japan. Japan withdrew their ambassador to Russia calling the series of events as ‘Unfortunate’.

    Yavlinsky retaliated by sending 3 new squadrons of Su-27 to the Kuril Islands as well. Yavlinsky also ordered the construction of a complete aerial defense dome over the Kuril Islands calling their defense to have been neglected for far too long.

    1594812695055.png

    Su-27

    Meanwhile however as the month ended, the Russian 3-Year Plan was further implemented as Russia announced that new medical plants would be opened in Siberia and the Baikal Region, where herbs were found in abundance. The medicinal industry was a part of the Russian resource sector that Russia wished to exploit to its fullest extent.

    On February 4th, the killing and murder of Amadou Diallo by New York Police sparked international outrage. In response, Yavlinsky asked Zyuganov to head a chair meeting for consideration of any future reforms to the Russian Federal Police as well. Zyuganov agreed and later on the Russian Federal Police was reformed with the following reforms being applied:-


    • Use of chokehold to be banned by the police.
    • Only officers to be allowed with gunnery weapons.
    • Gunnery weapons only to be allowed to be used in extreme cases.
    • Creation of an Anti-Terror Unit in the Police that can respond quickly to terror activities and to detach the use of force and the police within the country.
    1594812729346.png

    Amadou Diallo

    Yavlinsky and Zyuganov stated that the new reforms would go into action on the starting of the month of July. On February 12th, the Impeachment Hearing of President Bill Clinton was broadcasted all over the world. And Bill Clinton was cleared of all impeachment charges raised against him. This was bad news for Russia, who had wished for America’s position in Yugoslavia to decline once Bill Clinton had been impeached. However with Clinton not impeached, Yavlinsky and Zyuganov was now forced with the potential that Russia and America could lock heads with one another regarding Kosovo and Yugoslavia. Yavlinsky wished to not be caught in such an event, however the reforms of the military that had been passed the last year were accelerated and the new Order 100 of February 15th called for the raising of 3 more divisions, all in all 60,000 men. Volunteer parades to make people enlist were held throughout the nation and slowly the numbers trickled in.

    On February 16th the attempted assassination of the President of Uzbekistan also raised a fair few amount of trepidation all across the planet, and for good reason. However the government of Russia was also looking into matters such as internal security to maintain the security of the nation, which in Yavlinsky’s own words had grown quite loose. However if there was one aspect of Yavlinsky’s security policy, it was weeding the criminal mafias which had run amok in Russia for the first half of the decade unchecked. Russian police and anti-terror units started to knock on their doors as after 3 years of intense investigation, most of their positions were outted by investigation teams. Rounds of criminal gangs and mafias were arrested and many were executed on the spot in an ‘engagement’ as the government believed that dealing with them later on would be an headache of epic proportions. These Mafia’s and cartel’s assets were absorbed by the state.

    On February 24th the LeGranda Case came to a formal end with an execution in Arizona. The complete and blatant ignorance that America had shown towards the International Court of Justice even when Germany had raised hell over it in the Court. Russia criticized this move stating that the International Court of Justice must be recognized as a legal executive body by every state involved and simply ignoring them, was a gross violation of International Law. Yavlinsky and Russia as of late had become increasingly critical of the way America was reacting to Russian advances and his new policies were aimed at accelerating the growth of the Russian economy.

    On February 28th the Russian government announced that the railroad to Anadyr would begin construction within three years. This was met with widespread celebrations, as it would mark the end of the first megaproject of the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

    1594813390444.png

    Anadyr, Russia.

    Zyuganov also spoke out in March 2nd stating that the nation would now orient more money into making Russia into a ‘grand new country’. Zyuganov stated that President Yavlinsky would provide more answers on a later date. That later date proved to be on March 9th when Yavlinsky made himself known in Grozny after much of the city had been reconstructed.

    “The Prime Minister spoke about creating a ‘grand new country’. And it is within many rights of the nation very correct. We are looking into the forums of nations such as Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Britain to form a great welfare state for the people of Russia. For far too long has our health been overlooked by previous governments. With the aid of researchers and foreign experts, we believe we can continue and implement this new drive of ours.”

    On March 12th the former Warsaw Pact nations of the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary joined NATO. There was little Russia could do however this meant that the Russo-Polish Border in Belarus would have to be manned and become well fortified. Russian military experts called for a modern fortification line all across Belarus for purely defensive type of warfare, as the Russian military was still deemed to be lagging behind in front of NATO and the NATO powers of America, Britain and France.

    On march 21st, FSB director Vladimir Putin spoke with Yavlinsky about how NATO intervention in Kosovo was very likely and that the Russian forces in Yugoslavia would probably have to be withdrawn, or Russia would have to exert its position and force NATO to back down. Neither was a good option for Russia. Yugoslavia was a key ally of the Russian state and there was little to no one in the Russian administration who wished to have Yugoslavia lost as an ally. However exerting Russia’s military on the world stage would mean that there was a chance that Russia’s economic power and progress could be curtailed by embargoes and the such. Russian Prime Minister Zyuganov called the situation unfortunate and Russia was now starting to find itself in a very untenable position.

    On March 24th, Vladimir Putin’s assertions became reality as American, British and French airforces in majority and NATO airforces started to bombard the Yugoslav country in support of the KLA and the Kosovo Separatists. Russia immediately condemned the action in the United Nations calling the attack to be indiscriminate and an unnecessary escalation of the situation that was so fragile in Kosovo.

    On March 25th Yavlinsky publically denounced the action in public. “Like we have reiterated for many times, the situation in Kosovo is a delicate matter. We cannot allow escalation to happen under any circumstance. However NATO has taken upon itself to create a situation of abrasive escalation which will only make intentions of peace to be long gone and thrown out of the window.”

    1594812994054.png

    Yavlinsky criticizing the NATO intervention in Kosovo.


    Russian military spending was increased directly from the central government and the United Nations supported Russia’s view.

    On march 27th the government of Russia after learning about the downing of the F-117 in Yugoslavia employed intelligence operatives mercenaries to get the remains of the plane. They were partially successful as they were able to steal portions of the wreakage containing the engine of the plane. The plane was then transferred to the military wing of the government and sent for research to denote the weaknesses of the vaunted American F-117 bomber.

    On April 5th the government of Russia announced that they were going to conduct a military exercise later on next month. The exercise was called ‘Zapad-99’ which would be the largest military exercise Russia conducted after the fall of the Soviet Union. The Exercise would be a combined arms exercise with he Navy, Airforce and Army all taking part. The Exercise was aimed to deciphering if the new Russian reforms were capable of being fully implemented in a full war scenario. The Russian military experts were hopeful that the entire military exercise could be possible to show that Russia would not need to simply back onto their nuclear weapons to maintain global parity with it’s enemies.

    1594813053239.png

    Russian tanks practising in the Zapad-99 military exercise.

    On April 7th, the border between Yugoslavia and Kosovo was closed up by the Yugoslav army. This sparked condemnation from NATO however Russia supported the action stating that ’the group of nations attacking a sovereign and independent nation have no right to decry the actions of said sovereign and independent nation.’

    On April 14th NATO fighters and bombers by mistake started to bomb a refuge alley of Ethnic Albanians fleeing Kosovo and in the resulting chaos managed to kill over 73 Albanians. This sparked another diplomatic row as Yavlinsky called it “Direct proof that NATO intervention in Yugoslavia is simply escalating dangers in the area and killing more people than what was previously thought to be.”

    NATO states denied this allegation. It didn’t help NATO’s case that NATO had started to bomb Belgrade and Novi Sad, both of which were great civilian centers and the resulting chaos had led to deaths of hundreds of Serbians and Montenegrins.

    On April 27th amidst this international tension, the government started deeper construction of the Yakutsk-Anadyr railway line which had now been being completed and constructed. Excess railway workers were diverted to the construction of the Central Asian Railway Line. The new railway line construction showed the new return of Russian megaprojects and Zyuganov stated that he hoped that Russia could continue to conduct more projects which would be in the best case of the Russian people.

    On May 7th, tensions rose once again as an American B-2 Bomber bombed the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade and managed to kill 3 Chinese officials. China immediately decried the event as a deliberate action and the Chinese Nation officially stated that if any such further actions would have severe consequences to the NATO pact. Russia backed China on the issue and stated that ‘NATO’s faulty system of differentiating military fighters from civilians have been showed to all. They could not differentiate refugees from soldiers. Neither could they differentiate embassy from military targets. The International community must stay united in this time to condemn this act of aggression on the part of NATO.’

    1594813225744.png

    NATO bombing of Belgrade
    .

    Yavlinsky along with his Finnish counterparts were trying to negotiate for Yugoslavia to back down, even with his strong anti-NATO rhetoric, Russia could not be seen in another major conflict. The recent ZAPAD-99 Exercise had shown that the Russian military was capable of defending itself, however it was not still capable of launching offensive operations until the full extent of the reforms were completed.

    NATO and UN convened in an emergency situation on what to do. America tried to raise a resolution to back Russia down, however unsurprisingly the Russian delegate vetoed it in the Security Council and then attacked the American position for completely ignoring Resolution 1244, which called for NATO to retreat.

    Finally, the Russian Government and the Finnish government with coercion with each other managed to push forward a resolution, which Yugoslavia was amenable to. Russia had extensively persuaded Yugoslavia (read: Threatened) and it’s leader Slobodan Milosevic to accept the proposal. At first the man had been very rigid and stubborn in his stance about the issue and asked repeatedly for Russian military intervention rather than Russian military intervention. However, Russia was in no way possible could do this at all; and despite the loss of prestige that would come with it, the Russians swallowed it and politely persuaded (read: threatened his family) to accept the deal. Milosevic agreed reluctantly.

    1594813123212.png

    Slobodan Milosevic.

    A democratic referendum or a demographic split. It was agreed later on with the Albanian Delegate present that Kosovo would be split between Albania and Serbia. Serbia would retain Peja, Mitrovica and Northern Gjakova where Serbians made plurality and the rest of the territories were to be ceded to Albania where Albanian Kosovars made up the plurality. Albania and America reluctantly agreed to these terms however the most reluctant of all had been Yugoslavia. Russia had basically threatened Yugoslavia to accept the deal and Yugoslavia signed the deal having preserved half of their pride and dignity, and Yugoslavia was in gratitude of Russia for intervening on Yugoslavia’s part.

    The Helsinki Accords were signed on June 9th and ratified by the United Nations General Assembly on June 12th.

    Back in Russia’s Yavlinsky’s popularity had surged due to his action in the Kosovo War and the death of Slavs in Yugoslavia was considered to be ‘avenged’. Yavlinsky’s approval rate of 73% soared to a record high of any head of state at 86% among the Russian populace. On June 16th, after the last Yugoslav troops from the territories were cleared to be annexed into Albania. There were annexed the next day with international recognition of the annexation. Yugoslavia had come out of the war with worse for the wear, and it was clear that Milosevic was now not a sustainable option. In Yugoslavia, Milosevic was ousted from power by popular vote and riots from the population. Montenegrin Svetozar Marovic took power and became the President of the Yugoslav Federation of Serbia and Montenegro.

    1594813183841.png

    Svetozar Marovic.

    On June 28th the government of Russia announced that they were in talks with the new Yugoslav government regarding Yugoslavia joining the CSTO alliance. Russia was given authority to open up a permanent military base near Nis in Serbia by the Yugoslavian government as a show of support between the Russian and Yugoslavian governments.

    ***
     
    Last edited:
    1999 (2nd Half)
  • Chapter 5

    ***

    1999 (2nd Half)

    ***

    On July 1st the government of Yavlinsky finally got some breathing room, as after the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation had put herself forward and intervened for the first time. However this wasn’t necessarily a good one. Yavlinsky feared that Russian foreign investments would be hit from the issue, however it quickly became apparent, that the United States wasn’t going to attack the Russian economy like the way Russia feared it would. The simple matter of fact was that Russia’s drive on electronic development and the currently rising oil prices meant that America’s allies would be worse for the wear, if America attacked Russia, which is why, America was quietening down for the moment.

    Meanwhile, as the Kargil War in the Indian Subcontinent grew larger and larger in scope, the Russian government scrambled for de-escalation. The Chinese consulate was demanding that Russia do something in return for the aide China had given Russia in the UN and the International Stage during the Yugoslav and Kosovo Crisis. Russia this time publically stated that India should not cross over from the Line of Action and Line of Control stating that doing so would be a gross overstepping of bounds. This got a bad reaction from India as expected, as the old Indo-Russian friendship was quickly becoming old. In return, Russia was now courting Pakistan and in July 2nd Pakistan took an order of 100 Sukhoi Su-27M from Russia. This brought widespread criticism from India who were quickly becoming agitated with Russia.

    1594876948561.png

    Indian Artillery in the Kargil War.

    Meanwhile, Yavlinsky was again caught in a slight dilemma. China and Pakistan together were a far greater asset than India was, and therefore most unfortunately for India, Yavlinsky stated that Russia would support the Chinese position on the situation on the geopolitical scenario and stage.

    On July 7th, Yavlinsky announced that the ‘Russian Healthcare Proposal’ had passed through with the Duma with overwhelming majority as the new Russian plan for a welfare state were now being implemented. The Federal Health Service of Russia (FHSR) was established that day. It was modeled after the NHS of Britain and its foundation was based off the Danish and Canadian model. Around half of the FHSR budget was funded by the government and the other half was funded by the public. The FHSR was also devolved between the various Republics of Russia like how in Dagestan, the FHSR was called FHSR Dagestan was under local authorities. The FHSR had been meticulously planned for a year and the establishment came at a time when psychological disorders in the country was lowering and the country’s demographic status was slowly starting to even out as the rate of decline had started to stagnate in the country. Yavlinsky and the Russian nation held hopes that the FHSR would make Russia into a healthy state.

    1594877105758.png

    The Russian Duma passing the Health proposal.

    On July 10th, the FHSR was fully made public and went into service with the Russian populace. The FHSR was described by the WHO “An important step by the Russian nation towards aiding its citizens and nationals towards their betterment in all physiological and areas of health. This organization applauds the acts of the Russian Federation in what was undoubtedly a grave challenge to implement. Should the FHSR require any material aid, under the WHO jurisdiction, we are willing to help.”

    And help they did as Russia did recruit supervisors and doctors in areas they were short in from the WHO. FHSR also used domestically produced medicine, which made Russia’s medicinal industry productivity, which was aimed to increase and diversify Russia’s exports and industrial base, was slowly becoming successful in its endeavor.

    Meanwhile in July 11th, the Pakistani army was expelled from Kargil by the Indians the Kargil War came to an end. However as an aftermath effect of the war, Russo-indian relations had suffered a lot. Despite this however, Russia was now determined to keep a neutral face to the Indians whilst now grow their new growing relations with the Pakistanis and Chinese.

    Indian Media was absolutely drowning Russia with insults and the such, however this was simply exemplified when around 25, or a quarter of the order of Su-27M were delivered to Pakistan by the Russian government. The Su-27M was not offered to India at all, and right now the Indian government was currently looking towards the British, French and Americans more equipment from weapons contrasted by their previous alignment with the Russians which was obvious in the fact that almost all of their foreign weapons were Russians. Meanwhile on July 28th the Central Asian Railway Line construction came to an end with all of the Central Asian capitals and important Russian cities linked through it. The Russian investment was also growing into the CSTO countries and the Russian government was currently making headways into economic measures in Estonia to make rapprochement between the two nations likely.

    1594877166571.png

    CSTO logo

    Meanwhile talks between Mongolia and Russia were also happening between the two nations. Russia could easily see Mongolia for its untapped potential of resources and the possibilities were endless regarding natural resources. Russia and Mongolia were now talking about a new railway project for the infrastructure wise weak nation of Mongolia. On August 2nd a deal was cut out between the two nations as Russia agreed to build a railway line from Khovd to Sainshad. The railway line would mean that the transportation sector of Mongolia in the least developed south would be very much made better and the living costs in the area would decline. This project was seen as a godsend for the Mongolians who feared that the deficit and infrastructural outdatedness on which they were running would quickly evaporate and make them depend solely on other investors.

    1594877204088.png

    A Russian constructed railway line in Mongolia.

    On August 7th, minor scuffles broke out in Chechnya with some of the few remaining guerillas where the Russian military broke into the mountains where one of the last holdouts of the guerillas were found and destroyed by the Russian military with the aid of Russian satellites. The professional way with which how Russian military officials took care of the problem signified that the Russian reforms for the military had been effective and the government was clearly happy with its new situation with the Russian military.

    August 17th was a good day for Russian economics as the Izmit Earthquake hit Turkey. Russia immediately went into economic mode, as they offered reconstruction and through the UN managed to secure a deal of sending multiple aid projects to Turkey. The destruction created by the earthquake freed up several wary investors in Russia to invest into the Russian reconstruction projects of the Izmit Earthquake as the Turkish government warily allowed the Russian reconstruction to take place as Russian overseers and construction tools were spread out and seen all across the destroyed city.

    1594877244768.png

    Izmit Earthquake in Turkey

    On August 20th the new government in Yugoslavia officially opened talks with Russia regarding potential entry into the Collective Security Treaty Organization of CSTO. Yugoslavia was currently running high on social problems, however having a Montenegrin leader had managed to refute and shoot down much of its societal problems and the remaining Albanian Kosovars had finally immigrated to Albania and Albanian Kosovo which had previously been partitioned. The relations with Albania which had openly attacked Yugoslavia were strained however, the entire country was willing to let go of it, if only because Albania made up a series of export and import details in Yugoslavia.

    1594877616259.png

    Pristina Kosovo.

    Meanwhile in Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav Renewal Movement under Vuk Draskovic were becoming increasingly popular in the Yugoslav populace and extremely even more so when Alexander, Prince of Yugoslavia started to advocate for Yugoslavia to follow Russia’s model of the FHSR and to follow in Russia’s economic miracle as it was being called amongst the general populace of the world.

    1594877282357.png

    Vuk Draskovic

    Support for the monarchy in Yugoslavia had always been quite ambivalent and trusting of the monarchy despite the efforts of the previous communist governments to eradicate it and the Greek journal named The Dawn went on a tour of post-war Yugoslavia and tallied a highly accurate report stating that around 60% of the population wished for a restoration, and Alexander’s humanitarian efforts certainly made him extremely well liked by the populace, so much so, that even people who wished for the status quo stated that they would be amenable to the monarchy under Alexander even though they wouldn’t necessarily vote for it under any referendum or such.

    1594877349739.png

    Alexander, Prince of Yugoslavia

    On August 29th things came to a head, when a Yugoslav Renewal Movement Rally in the reconstruction of Belgrade called upon nearly 200,000 activists and supporters down to the streets in Belgrade in support of the movement. However the rally proved to be counter helpful as much of the reconstruction was slowed. Alexander himself pleaded for a safe and peaceful rally which would not obstruct the way towards reconstruction and reconciliation.

    However things for now seemed to quiet in Yugoslavia as well, however with a more monarchist leaning in the country itself.

    On September 15th the government announced that country was now going to fund the construction of around 150 new hospitals around the country with around 80 in European Russia and 70 in Asian Russia as a part of the FHSR directive. The construction is slated to end sometime next year with doctors and nurses receiving employment. Russia also updated its immigration policy for simply professional manpower. Russia was targeting the Doctors, Engineers, Psychiatrists, Physiologists etc for immigration to Russia and the government was consistent in stating that they wished only for the best people to migrate to Russia. This policy meant that migration to Russia was in low numbers, however when they came, they provided a lot of experience and hard power to the Russian intellectual society, which was a very net gain for the Russian government and nation.

    1594877527028.png

    Athens Earthquake.

    On September 7th the Athens Earthquake also allowed for Russia to gain reconstruction access to Greece. It was in significant lower numbers than the Turkish Earthquake reconstruction process, however the government of Russia was still quite happy with the amount of money they could invest into the Greek economy, which would help the Russian monopoly over the Black Sea in and the subsequent areas of the place.

    Meanwhile on September 21st, the new Sukhoi-Mikyogan Aerospace Companies collectively named SM Aerospace, managed to produce their very first proto-type of the SM-Boggrom, or the Russian answer to the American F-22 which was in developmental phases at the moment.

    The Boggrom project was an evolution of the MiG 1.44 Project and the Sukhoi PAK Project merged into one, and after months of careful production, the very first prototype plane was produced. Some of the characteristics of the SM-Boggrom (as it was being called for the moment) were:-


    • Like the F-22 it combined Supercruise, Super-maneuverability, Stealth, sensor fusion, and active phased array.
    • It had a canard layout which gave it extra mobility and maneuverability.
    • It had a blended wing fuselage with horizontal and verticle stabilizers with LEVCONs.
    • It also had a quick stall recovery system for if the thrust vectoring failed.
    • It had an angle of attack of 60 degrees.
    • It’s structural weight was around 30% titanium and 15% composites.
    • It also contained a double intake ramp.
    • Top speed of the plane was 2.35 Mach.
    • It also a reduced infrared signature
    • Reduced RCS; the leading and trailing edges of the wings, control surfaces and serrated edges of skin panels are carefully angled to reduce direction of radio wave deflection.
    • RAM used.
    • Leading edge sweep was used.
    • Dielectric fairings at the tip of the wings which housed electronic countermeasures.
    • Full serpentine ducts.
    • RCS with usage of plasma shield and ducts.
    Other data were of course classified by the government, however only the data given by the Russian government was a huge warning signal to the NATO countries and the United States was now clearly thinking about extending its F-22 program to the British and French, the two other great powers of the NATO alliance.

    Meanwhile the government of Russia was also doubling down on it’s military standards. Russian pilots were now slated for around 300 hours of training a year from the next year, with the government emphasizing on the need for professional corps in the army and the military to maintain parity with the western powers who were committed to a fully professional corps in their military as well.

    Meanwhile Russia and Pakistan’s new President Mashraff also signed a deal in October 22nd which committed Russia to sell around 150 T-72 tanks to the Pakistanis for a discounted price of around 10%. This deal shook and reverberated in India as there was a possibility that the Russian government would give up details about the military hardware used by the Indians to the Pakistanis. This reverberation and insight was famously known as the Indian Military Panic. There was no way the Indian military could actually replace all of their Russian stocks and the government was now trying to buy up NATO weapons slowly, however the threat remained and any thought of war with Pakistan quickly evaporated because of this reason.

    1594877429546.png

    President Mashraff of Pakistan

    On November 10th, the FHSR announced that under some conditions it would agree to become functional in the Central Asian states. This offer was taken quite quickly by all of the Central Asian states barring Turkmenistan, who were all facing a lot of health issues in their countries. The first FHSR to open up in Central Asia would be FHSR Astana in Kazakhstan. The FHSR would grow on to become one of the most influential and instrumental institutions in Central Asia, a testament to its skill and expertise in its field.

    Meanwhile on November 25th the government of Yavlisnky also announced a Poverty Alleviation Program. Russia was a developed country and poverty wasn’t going to stop the Russians. This plan aimed to completely eradicating the poverty of the Russian state, particularly in the overlooked Siberian region to increase the standard of living in the nation within 12 years of its implementation. Works were being done to start its implementation from the next year in 2000.

    On December 4th the government of Yugoslavia and Russia signed the instrumental Belgrade Accords where Yugoslavia fully joined the Collective Security Treaty Organization between Russia, the Central Asian States with Ukraine which was an observer state and not a full member.

    This declaration caught the world off guard however for the moment it was glossed over though with suspicions from all western powers involved. However in the UN, the UN resolution after the declaration on part of the Russians stated that they would not expand their military presence beyond the Nis Military Base in Yugoslavia and the docking rights that the Russian Navy held in Montenegro.

    ***
     
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    OTL vs ITTL Russian Economy
  • OTL vs ITTL Russian Economy

    OTL:-

    1999 GDP: 195 Billion USD
    GDP (Per capita): $1320
    inflation: 37%
    Reserves: $13 Billion
    Debt: 78% of GDP
    Pension: RUB 500
    Average Wage: RUB 1500

    ITTL:-

    1999 GDP: $517.95 Billion Dollars
    GDP (Per Capita): $3385
    Inflation: 12%
    Reserves: $49 Billion
    Debt: 34% of GDP
    Pension: RUB 2750
    Average Wage: RUB 7650
     
    2000
  • Chapter 6

    ***

    2000

    ***

    The new millennium in Russia began with the millennium celebrations as celebrations, fairs, etc took place all over the country. Meanwhile the government also announced the 1st of January to be the start date of their ‘Poverty Alleviation Program’ which was 12 years long.

    1594956599953.png

    Millenium Celebrations in Russia.

    Meanwhile the Russian government was also becoming increasingly happy at their economic performance. Last year, the Russians had managed to upkeep their economic growth with 9.7% and the economy was slated to grow even more in this year, as the agricultural imports from other countries steadily grew lower and lower, the government’s revenues were growing throughout the nation. The Russian government had turned entire ghost towns from the Soviet Union down and had converted the areas in the North Caucasus and the Volga Basin and Volga Delta into massive farmlands the agricultural yields were now starting to grow. In 1999l, the agricultural yield grew by 19%, and this year it was slated to grow by even more.

    On January 2, the government of Russia started to officially collaborate with the Orthodox Church of Russia to start reconstructing old churches destroyed by the Soviet Union, which was officially an atheist state. The government also made forced conversion of religion in the country illegal; this garnered some criticism, however was mostly glossed over.

    1594956709621.png

    The Construction of a new hospital in Novosibirsk.

    The new hospital building plan as a part of the FHSR was also going down smoothly as new hospitals were being built in places which needed them. The 150 planned hospitals were ‘large’ hospitals, and however, small clinics and small hospitals were funded and opened by the government in almost every section of the country. The country was also starting to think about a highway project to link the isolated villages of Siberia.

    On January 5th the Russian military reforms which were enacted some years prior were fully filled up and completed. An exercise called Zapad-100 was planned to see the full capabilities of this exercise, the new exercise was touted to become the greatest military exercise committed by Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union.

    1594956782491.png

    Russian Armed Forces in the exercise of Zapad-100

    Meanwhile the guerilla movement of the Chechens finally died down fully as the very last holdout was stormed by Russian Spetznaz units and the leaders of the Chechen guerillas executed in the battlefield under a ‘gunfight’. In reality they were captured and killed, however the Russian government really didn’t wish to have headaches later on with the Chechens and the executions were seen as the best defense against potential future headaches, and considering they were traitors to the nation, none of the soldiers really had any qualms of killing the Chechen leaders.

    In Belarus, Lukashenko, the First President of Belarus, campaigned for a ring railway around Belarus to increase the logistical and infrastructural set up of Belarus, which had grown old and frail, and the government of Russia debated the proposal set forward by the Belarusian Duma. It was later agreed and official construction began soon thereafter, to build this railway as well as to upgrade the old and useless tracks.

    Meanwhile the world experienced a commodity boom in the markets. The Russian commodity industries, which were more than fully sufficient for the nation, experienced a double export to foreign nations as ‘Made in Russia’ goods became more apparent in stores of Canada, and European nations. Of course there was a bit of stigma because of the old communist feeling, however the stigma was quickly going over the head, as Russian commodities proved its quality among the market.

    Meanwhile due to a falling out about campaign proposals, Boris Nemtsov left the Union of Right Forces Political Party in Russia and joined the Yabloko who he praised as being the Party ‘which brought economic stability to Russia’.

    1594956843768.png

    Boris Nemtsov.

    Boris Nemtsov was a conservative Liberal in his views, and the man was the quintessential example of a Russian social democrat in his views, and he was accepted into the Yabloko with open arms by the political party. Nemtsov was an influential figure in post-soviet Russian politics, and the party supported his entry into the party.

    On January 10th, the government of Russia announced that the government was going to finish the FHSR and welfare state program by 2005 in the fullest which was met with harmonious agreement from the people. So far, Yavlinsky’s government had been a monumental success for Russia, and the Russian people loved it. Even the population decline was stagnating and demographic researchers predicted that between 2005-2010, the Russian population would stop declining and start growing once again, though at a rate lower than average, however for a nation whose population was declining, that was very good news.

    Meanwhile as a part of Russia’s new geopolitical game to strengthen ties with China, Yavlinsky had arranged for a visit to Beijing as a diplomatic visit. The Chinese government had initially been slightly wary of the visit proposal, however after some internal debate, had accepted it. Yavlinsky became one of the first country leader to visit China after the Tianmen Square Massacre.

    In January 14th the Russian President, Grigory Yavlinsky set foot in Beijing where he was greeted and welcomed by Chinese President or the Chinese Paramount Leader, Jiang Zemin. The two sides remained in Beijing with one tour of the forbidden city discussing about future deals with the two nations. Yavlinsky and Zemin managed to procure an economic deal regarding the Russian and Chinese industrial sharing and procurement in the Far East and Manchuria.

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    Jiang Zemin.

    Yavlinsky returned to Moscow on January 26th. On January 31st after a series of aerial accidents in America and around the world, the Russian State Duma announced that Airplane safety measures in the country were being upped, and the airlines not meeting these standards would not be allowed to fly.

    On February 4th, the Russian government passed a new Military Reform bill. The 2000 Military Reforms included:-

    • Increased logistical software and hardware in the Armed Forces.
    • Professional NCOs to be trained specifically for logistics of the armed forces.
    • The Russian Logistical Corps to be founded.
    • A country wide logistical operation regarding, rations, weapons and arms and the military to be conducted.
    This reform was short in words, but its effect was huge. Russia had always in her history went with the infamous “screw logistics, go human wave” doctrine, however this now meant that the Russian military would gain a lot more soft power if it was able to successfully complete this reform.

    The military also made the Logistical Lines Map in Russia which denoted specific logistical lines where the country must have the best logistical capability. These lines were: St. Petersburg to Rostov Line, Grodno to Brest line, Ashmyanu-Minsk-Gomel Line, Anapa-Sochi Line, Sochi-Derbent Line, Moscow-Novosibirsk Line, Vladivostok-Khabarovsk Line, Sakhalin Island Line, Anadyr-Yakutsk Line, and the Kuril Islands Line.

    Construction and reforms were immediately being implemented and the new construction was starting to worry NATO.

    On February 14th the government of Russia and the Government of Mozambique signed a deal with each other with the Russian government managing to secure infrastructural investment deals into the now destroyed country which had been destroyed by torrential rains and the subsequent flooding of the nation. Russia managed to secure a deal to build a hydropower dam and to and create floodbanks, roads, and bridges across the poor state of the country.

    In March 26th, FSB leader Vladimir Putin announced on behalf of the Russian government that the FSB was now receiving increased funds from the state due to the massive export increase of the nation, which had the Russian economy growing on overdrive. Employment opportunities in the FSB grew as advertisements for 1000 new recruits per 2 and a half years were called out by the FSB for new potential recruits and intelligence operatives. Vladimir Putin stated that the government had implemented a new training system and standard, however like all intelligence agencies, the new regime and change was kept a state secret and wasn’t revealed with the only thing being revealed was that in the application forms there was a clause which stated – “The government will not be at fault for any physical or mental damage garnered by the recruit during the training phase. An insurance shall be arranged by the government for this worst case scenario however.” This phrase of course made it clear the FSB had upped its game.

    1594956966031.png

    Putin announcing the new recruitment drive and economical drive of the FSB.

    On March 28th, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kryrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, declared that they were going to peg their currencies to the Russian Ruble as was confirmed in the CSTO meeting last year. This was a declaration to the world to the skeptics about the Russian economic miracle, about the validity of the Russian economic miracle and growth.

    On April 3rd the Russian government announced that a new highway scheme was in the development for the isolated parts of the Russian country in Siberia, where many villages were isolated from the main country. The government announced that this highway scheme was to make interconnectedness between the Russian states and villages and towns to be easier, and to make transportation in the country much easier.

    Russian construction workers and firms working in Izmit, Turkey finally return after the reconstruction of Izmit, where Russia helped rebuild around 12% of the entire reconstruction process, which was no laughing amount. Russia had invested a lot into the Turkish city and many Turkish shares had been swooped and bought by Russia in the city.

    The Russian government was now however becoming increasingly worried about the Abkhazian and South Ossetian Wars in Georgia with the separatists and the country folk of the men. Russia was increasingly becoming worried and the government was starting to entertain thoughts about intervention. However for now, the Russian Duma and the Cabinet voted that the dispute should be allowed to resolve itself and that if the war spilled into Russia, then and then only would Russia intervene.

    1594957142797.png

    Abkhazian Guerillas

    On April 17th the government of Russia publically announced that the Chinese and Russian governments had agreed for a swap of investment deals as the Russian government announced investment deals in Manchuria and the Chinese government announced investment deals in the Far East.

    During this time, Russia was also starting to invest a heavy amount of money into Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands to up their infrastructure and to make the two island(s) into a tourist hotspot for hikers and nature lovers. It was also aimed at creating the island’s infrastructure, which was basically non-existent.

    On April 22nd the Ukrainian and Russian governments signed a trade agreement for Russian oil and commodity and the Russian government also extended an offer to build a bridge to Ukrainian Crimea through Anapa and a railway line through it between Anapa and Sevastopol. The Ukrainian government was now currently debating upon this offer made by the Russian government.

    On May 1st, a new kind of composite material, the Negative Index Metamaterial was found, and the Russian government and SM started insights into the new finding to see if it could work with in production and research of the SM-Boggrom.

    On May 4th, the Sulawesi Earthquake managed to kill and destroy much of the island’s infrastructure. Indonesia and Russia had always been kind of ambivalent with each other, however Russia managed a medium scale reconstruction deal with Indonesia and started to rebuild the destroyed areas of the Makassar Port and the Makassar City.

    On May 5th, the ILOVEYOU computer virus started to spread around the world penetrating even governmental servers. This raised alarm in the Russian government and the Russian government officially started to focus on its cyber-security and their cyber warfare capabilities of their armed forces. The Russian government officially funded the establishment of the Russian Federal Cyber Armed Forces (RFCAF) which would be responsible for the cybersecurity of the nation as well as the cyber warfare capability of the nation.

    Russia also passed its first major educational reform in May 19th which basically turned the entire curriculum around. The new curriculum would start to be implemented with new batch. The new curriculum was focused onto more technical aspects of subjects like Economics, Computers, Technology etc, to increase the country’s pool of future manpower resources.

    On May 29th the government stated that the new reforms were for grades 4-12 of the Russian schools and curriculums.

    Throughout the month of July, the government of Russia began to in earnest drive towards its Poverty alleviation program, as pensions were increased in the country, and public works such as Public Homes and Public Shelter construction in the country started to grow. The country was also nearing the end of the first 3-year plan, and till now the plan was been an astounding success with Russian agricultural, medicinal, herbal, timber, mining, electronic, motors, etc industries increasing their exports on the world stage by a huge margin, and the dependence on oil and gases in the Russian economy going south. The government was also looking into the many hydropower pools of the country to start a hydropower run state as well as to export energy of the Hydropower obtained throughout the nation, which if could be done, would make Russia one of the most energy rich nations on the planet.

    On June 5th, the construction of the Logistical depots began to take place on the Logistical lines. The government had funded this to make sure that the Russian logistical capabilities would become on par with the NATO logistical capability, at least within it’s own borders. Logistical capability outside its borders would be thought off later after the achievement of logistical capability within the country itself.

    On June 10th, the government of Estonia and Russia signed a deal regarding the ethnic Russians in Estonia, which made up around a fifth of the Estonian population. The government of Estonia was looking towards naturalized citizenship and was going to keep 3rd generation Russians in the country. Other 2nd generation or 1st generation Russian families would be sent back to Russia. However to do this in a planned manner, the Estonian government would provide compensation on property and lands value and the deal would be implemented in a slow manner so that the Russian government could properly provide homes and jobs for these Russians.

    This deal was another step forward for the Estonian-Russian rapprochement. Estonian-Russian ethnic tensions were still high in the areas, however they were largely reduced from the violent sense of tensions of the previous time, however the tensions had been reduced by a huge margin.

    On July 7th, the Russian government announced that a modernization program in the Russian Navy was being announced for old naval ships, and a supervision and analysis of the submarine fleet was being done to scrap old and obsolete submarines of the Russian Navy.

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    Admiral Kutznetsov.

    2000 Navy (After Reforms and refitting)

    1 Aircraft Carrier (Slated to be retired in 2015) (2 to begin construction in 2003)

    2 Battlecruisers (2 more in construction; modernized versions)

    15 Cruisers (5 to be retired/sold in 2005, and 6 in construction)

    20 Destroyers (8 to be retired/sold in 2008. 10 in construction)

    30 Frigates (10 to be retired/sold in 2008. 12 in Construction)

    90 Corvettes (15 to be retired/sold in 2008. 16 in construction)

    15 Ballistic Missile Submarines (4 to be retired/sold in 2010, 5 in construction)

    12 Cruise missile submarines (4 to be retired/sold in 2008. 5 in construction)

    20 Attack Submarines (SSN) (7 to be retired/sold in 2008. 10 in construction)

    28 Attack Submarines (SSK) (8 to be retired/sold in 2010. 10 in construction)

    40 Landing Ship Tanks (8 to be retired/sold in 2003. 5 in construction)

    50 Landing Ships (10 to be retired/sold 12 in construction)

    50 Patrol Boats (No Change needed for the time being)

    60 Minewarfare Ships (12 to retire/sold in 2005. 15 in construction)


    The new construction program was ambitious and slow funds allocation was being used to fund it. The new commodity and Russian goods boom, was certainly made procurement of monetary resources for the construction much easier. The government was also looking into constructing 2 new aircraft carriers and to retire the Admiral Kutznetzov after they were completed. The Russian Naval R and D department was currently looking into the idea. Russian shipyards had been upgraded as a part of the Russian infrastructural development plans in the 720 Days Program, which made the ease of constructing these ships much easier, and the value of Russian production grew, as Russia began to use robotic construction methods in their shipyards for the construction. The only controversial portion of their construction program was the Ballistic Missile Submarine Construction, however the government had made it clear that they were simply replacements of the old aging Ballistic Missile Submarines of the Russian Naval fleet.

    In August 12, the Russian submarine Kursk is scrapped by the government for having obsolete systems and safety measures on board of it. It’s metal was to be taken down and used to construct the new submarines. Covering the cost of even one submarine was a good exchange for the Russian government.

    On August 14th, the Russian Orthodox Church officially made Tsar Nicholas II a part of their synod, stating that despite his largely mistakes which led to the rise of authoritarianism in Russia, the man had been a part of Russian history, and had played an instrumental role, and for even that reason, the Russian people must know him for what he was.

    As a part of slight contrast, whilst in Europe, religious feelings were declining, in Russia, it was growing with church attendees in 1993 from 67% growing to 78% in 2000. This was encouraged by the government. The Russian Orthodox Church contained much part of the authentic Russian nationalism, and promoting it, would promote Russian nationalism in the country. In the Orthodox Majority districts of the nation, church festivals etc, were made compulsory in schools, with people not of Orthodox fate made exempt for these events.

    On August 23rd, the Russian government announced they had completed 1.5/3 of their hospital program.

    On September 6-8, Yavlinsky took part in the Millennium Summit with all of the world’s leaders and signed and ratified the Millennium Development Goals of the meeting. Yavlinsky called the Summit ‘A Momentous day in History for the mutual development of the world.’

    On September 19th, the Yugoslav government announced that they would a referendum with the Serbian and Montenegrin populace about whether the union between the two states should be kept. The referendum was slated to happen in October 30th.

    On September, the 2000 Summer Olympics in Australia began to start, and the Russian team took part in the Olympics, and the Russian teams performed pretty good, winning a number of medals. On September 29th the government of Russia passed a plan to make Sochi one of the replacements for Sevastopol in Russia. The plan was to expand the harbor and the port and make it one of Russia’s best ports in the nation.

    1594957353089.png

    The Summer Olympics 2000 Sydney.

    Meanwhile in October 1st, the Russian government after finding about links of Chechen separatists and the Taliban began to threaten the Taliban with aerial strikes against the Taliban State in Afghanistan, unless they stopped supporting the Chechens separatist movement.

    The Taliban quietly withdrew their support however maintained a strong face in public. They could not afford to fight with the Russians opening a second front.

    On October, the government began the last phases of the first 3-year plans and the government had been extremely happy with the progress and results of the 3-year plan made by the government.

    On October 30th, the Yugoslav Federation Referendum takes place. 78% of the Serbs vote in favor of the federation and 61% of the Montenegrins voted in favor of the Federation, and the Yugoslav Parliament announced that the Federation was to survive, and Serbo-Montenegrins who had intermarried with each other throughout the decades, started the infamous October 30th celebrations.

    The next day, the first 3-year plan came to an end in Russia as the government was pretty enthusiastic with its results which showed a huge increase in Russian exports, and that the Russian agricultural sector was now basically very powerful and more than enough to supply the entire country. It was already a strong force before, however the 3 year plan had made it even stronger and export able.

    In November 2nd, Alexander, Prince of Yugoslavia made a speech thanking the people of Yugoslavia for keeping the federation that his ancestors dreamed of alive. He called it a momentous day in their history which showed the democratic nature of the Yugoslav people and populace. This as expected also made a surge in the popularity of the monarchy in Yugoslavia, the government was seriously considering a monarchical restoration under a constitutional monarchy. However that was still in debate.

    On December 12th, George W. Bush is elected as the President of the United States. In December 15th, the last reactor in Chernobyl is closed by Russian and Ukrainian scientists.

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    Chernobyl.

    ***
     
    2001 (1st Half)
  • Chapter 7

    ***

    2001 (1st Half)

    ***

    On 1st January, the second 3 year plan went into action. The 1st plan had been a resounding success, and the government was confident that the second would mirror the success of the 1st plan as well. Last year the Russian economy had grown by a huge percentage, slightly above 10 percent marking the zenith of the Russian first 3-year plan.

    The second 3 year plan, unlike the first which focused on commodity industries, was now more oriented towards the technological and industrial portion of the economy. This plan was the culmination of the Industry 4.0 economy that Russia was pursuing, and currently with the economic boom in the entire global economy for commodity products, the Russian economy as a whole was growing at a huge pace, and with the first 3 year plan having made the commodity sector of the economy particularly strong, the Russian economy was largely now in the process of making huge gains in the global economic sector.

    1595243774491.png


    Meanwhile in the country of Russia itself, there was trouble brewing. With the elections coming next year, Yavlinsky had pissed off and angered a lot of influential people now in exile due to the legal legislations that Yavlinsky has passed alongside Zyuganov. The Social Democrats of Yabloko and the Communists from the Communist Party were now one the top of the list to be attacked by the minions of the former oligarchs. Many of these oligarchs still held influential positions in some foreign countries such as Turkmenistan as well as the other Central Asian states, barring Kazakhstan, which saw itself too close to Russia to give refuge to these oligarchs wanted in Russia.

    Boris Berezhovksy, using the money and influence he had started to fund an anti-Yabloko party, led by Alexey Podberezkin and Stanislav Govorukhin, which was named the National Center Party of Russia or simply Center Party of Russia. It was a center-right party as opposed to the center-left stance that Yavlinsky and Zyuganov’s respective Yabloko and Communist parties.

    1595243806069.png

    Alexey Podberezkin

    1595243831699.png

    Stanislav Govorukhin

    This was a direct challenge to the Russian government, and the National Center Party (NCP) officially started to campaign this year, with Alexey Podberezkin being the leader of the party and Stanislav being the co-leader and deputy of the party. Whilst the Yabloko party still held strong alongside the Communists, the NCP was appealing to the older generations who were slightly more or less angered by the posturing of the Yabloko. However this was some and few between, however the NCP was starting to gain some amount of traction and by the end of the year, its numbers would swell from around 120 members to 9200 members. Not the most impressive of growths, however, a notable one indeed.

    There were talks of Vladimir Zhirinovsky’s own Liberal Democratic Party merging with the NCP as well to form a united front, however these plans were shot down for the time being.

    1595244007125.png

    Vladimir Zhirinovsky.

    The very first technological group created in Russia this year was launched in January 2nd after months of preparation with investments from the private and public sector. This was the beginning of Russian Online Company which was dedicated to developing the internet and online company and online sector of the Russian nation and Russian technology.

    That same day, the Russian government announced that their hospital drive as per the FHSR would be completed within the month, and the government would have delivered on its promise to build around 150 new large hospitals around the nation in two years. Many rural areas cut off from the mainland Eurasian Russia, such as Kamchatka and Yakutsk were receiving extra care and monetary resources from the FHSR as a whole to make the healthcare system in Russia better and more consolidated.

    The population problem within the Russia Federation itself was also promising. The Total Fertility rate had grown by 0.2, and objectively in numbers only, that seemed low, however in TFR, terms it was a mild increase and improvement which beckoned for good futures. The tariffs on abortion were raised to their maximum and fixed level of 10% finally by the government after 5 years of slowly trickling tariffs into the abortion system within Russia. The government had also created tariffs into abortion machine parts, etc which largely made abortions around 20% more expensive and less desirable for the Russian population. The ones that did gave up a hefty sum for the Russian government to fill its coffers. Tariffs on alcohol had also been increased to their maximum to 4% to make alcohol related deaths in the nation less likely because of lower consumption. Of course consumption was still a problem, however due to the FHSR, and tariffs and all other laws combined, the alcoholic problems regarding the demographics of the Russian Federation were growing more even and were improving within the Russian nation itself.

    In January 20th, George W. Bush was inaugurated as the President of the United States of America. This was largely met with suspicions by the Russian Federation. As a part of Russia’s economic drive for more productivity, Russia had been investing into the economies of Latin America and the rhetoric of Bush for Nation Building in Latin America directly challenged Russian investments into Latin America, and the Russian economists were already starting to draw up plans for the Russian government and the Russian economy to cope with the competition and adapt to it, and certain investment capability laws were passed through the Duma.

    The January 21st Taba Summit was supported by Russia, as no actual war, and only tensions in the region, would make Russian weapons, mostly cold war weapons which Russia was selling fast even more lucrative for the nations. Meanwhile, speaking of this, Russia was selling much of its huge inventory of cold war weapons to other nations; namely to name a few, China, Pakistan, North Korea, etc. Some wartorn nations such as Nepal which was going through the Nepalese Civil War was also supplied with Russian weapons, and Russian income from the selling of these weapons grew. Heavy equipment was largely bought by Pakistan and China with small amount of heavy equipment filtering into North Korea as well. This however led to a small arms race in general in the Indian Subcontinent as India saw the arms being bought off by Pakistan with increased suspicion, and more and more portions of the Indian economy was becoming dedicated towards their military expenditure, which was hurting the process of Indian economic liberalization very acutely, and the Indian growth rate which had been growing ever since 1990, started to stagnate noticeably.

    1595244070352.png

    Taba Summit logo.

    Throughout the early weeks of February, the Russian nation found itself mired in an economic competition with the United States for economic domination between the Latin American states. America was largely playing through credit and lending programs, whilst Russia was playing through with industrial products and production. Both had their pros and cons in Latin America; and no clear victory in this economic rivalry was seen as Russian influence was starting to be seen in the usually American dominated region.

    In February 10, however FSB leader Vladimir Putin informed Yavlinsky about an immediate crisis within the FSB as the FSB had garnered intelligence regarding a spy within Russia. An anonymous double agent for the Russians against America who went by the name of Ramon Garcia was on the verge of being outed by the FBI and the CIA in America. All the information he had fed to the Russians had been true, and he had been a reliable source of intelligence. If the spy was caught, then most probably, the international prestige of Russia which had been growing since 1996 would die down immediately. It would also lead to an espionage crisis within Russia itself, which was not going to be acceptable under any circumstances. The fact that FSB agents had found out about this was impressive, and Yavlinsky convened in an emergency session with the cabinet that day alongside the heavyweights of the FSB. All contact was to be cut, and all Russian involvement was to become void and null immediately and the order to remove evidence was sent.

    In February 18, Ramon Garcia, or Robert Hannsen was arrested by the FBI and the CIA on suspicions of counter-espionage against the United States of America. Due to Russian removal of the entire involvement on Russia’s part, the claims and suspicions could not be substantiated, however he was expelled from the FBI as a result, and rumors of either Chinese or Russian espionage gloomed, however they remained unverified rumors and nothing else, much to the breather of the Russian Federation as well as the FSB as a whole.

    1595244111967.png

    Robert Hannsen.

    By the late days of February, Russia has finished their hospital building program for the FHSR, and now the government was drafting a new proposal for the Russian FHSR expansion scheme, which largely was based upon the foundation of the FHSR in Kazakhstan as well as Ukraine, both nations which had expressed interest into such activities, which would be a boon for the Russian economics as well as medical sector.

    By march, the government was also looking into the military situation of the Russian Armed Forces. The navy was currently putting up the ones slated for retirement for sale, and much to the thankfulness of the Russian economy, both Pakistan and China were buying up the naval vessels which Russia had put to be sold gladly, though the Pakistani economy was showing signs of not being capable of putting up with such contracts in the future, the selling off of cold war Russian naval assets which had been slated to retire, was a good boon for the Russian economic stability and growth as well.

    March 24th, saw the MAC OS Operating System released for the public from MAC and the operating system was a revolutionary one. The investments into the technological sector of the government were increased as Russian Online, which had been successful in their part for business and entrepreneurship in Russia, to begin working into an operating system for Russia and maybe the Eastern Block as whole.

    Meanwhile, the Russian government was advocating for an EU style, economic union between the nations of the CSTO and the former Soviet Republics. This was met with much positivity, and some negativity, however a plan for a meeting regarding the topic was announced in March 29th to take place on June 1st in Tallinn. Estonia in order to remain friendly with its Baltic neighbors who had rejected the offer, had applied only for an observer status and had been willing to be neutral ground for such negotiations. This was much thanked by the Russian government, and process of naturalization citizenship and extradition between Russia and Estonia came to a close by this point, as around 50,000 ethnic Russians from Estonia became Russian citizens.

    As the early days of April rolled around, former Yugoslav President, Slobodan Milosevic was charged by the Yugoslav state for warcrimes and crimes against humanity by the Yugoslav government. They sentenced the former president into lifetime of servitude in prison, much to the anger of many former Milosevic supporters, however the support had always been tenuous for the man, and the sentence was seen favorably in neighboring states, and most especially the Kosovars looked at this decision with favorable views. Meanwhile however, the agitation in Yugoslavia had grown by a huge lot, and Yugoslavia declared than a referendum would take place in April 30th regarding the question of restoration of the Yugoslavian monarchy within Yugoslavia. Prince Alexander thanked the Yugoslav government for this opportunity and started a small scale campaign for the yes vote.

    The campaign was supported by the Russian Orthodox Church and they were also campaigning though in an indirect manner to restore the Romanov Dynasty in Russia. Though the political apparatus agreed that increasing the importance of Orthodox Christianity in Russia, which has always been a focal point of Russian nationalism, was important and would be carried out, the restoration in Russia itself was not possible. There were multiple claimants for one, and the government were unsure whether the people would actually like it, or even support it, as the rule of the Tsars had been distant memory by this point, unlike for some older generation Yugoslavs who still remembered the good days of the Yugoslav royalty to make younger generations like the idea. The idea was shot down then, however the Russian government kept quiet on the Orthodox Church’s campaign for the restoration of Alexander on the Yugoslav throne.

    In April 30th, the Yugoslav Referendum of Restoration took place in Yugoslavia regarding the question of restoration. The votes were:-

    • Do you support the restoration of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as a constitutional Monarchy? – 58%
    • Do you not support the restoration of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as a constitutional Monarchy? – 33%
    • Invalid Votes – 10%
    On May 3rd, the government announced that on May 20th, the inauguration of Prince Alexander would take place, as the results of the referendum became known. The Russian government praised the democratic process of the referendum and encouraged the Balkan states who had claimants to their thrones to ensure the same democratic process in any hypothetical monarchical referendums, which Albania in 1997 had not abided by, as later found out.

    In May 20th, Alexander was raised to the throne of Yugoslavia as Alexander II of Yugoslavia and the Karadordevic Dynasty with crowds cheering out of the halls and streets of Belgrade. The reinstitution of the monarchy had been very good for the stability of the country, as shown in the following months and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as a Constitutional Monarchy was restored in the Balkans.

    1595244175422.png

    King Alexander II of Yugoslavia.

    On June the meeting between the CSTO nations began to discuss the economic relations between them in the future and the topic of an EU style economic union.
    ***
     
    2001 (2nd Half)
  • Chapter 8

    ***

    2001 (2nd Half)

    ***

    In June, the Tallinn Conference took place between the members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The members of the organization were:-

    • The Russian Federation.
    • The Republic of Ukraine
    • The Republic of Armenia
    • The Republic of Kazakhstan
    • The Republic of Uzbekistan
    • The Republic of Turkmenistan
    • The Republic of Kyrgyzstan
    • The Republic of Tajikistan
    • The Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
    Some of the observer states of the Collective Treaty Organization were:-

    • The Republic of Estonia.
    • The Republic of Azerbaijan.
    The Tallinn Conference began between the 11 nations in June 1 and the debate and negotiations between all the nations took place until June 6th, by which point a final consensus was reached. The Agreement of Tallinn stipulated the following points:-

    • The CSTO to become an economic alliance along with being a military alliance.
    • The CSTO to have a common currency; possibly the Ruble.
    • The CSTO to have a common market system.
    • The CSTO (except observer states) to have a free movement area between each other.
    These were of course just the basic tenets and basic agreements, and there were much more, however the main agreements were these points. It was predicted that the economic portion of the CSTO would be implemented by the start of 2003.

    1595506240063.png

    The Tallinn Conference.

    Yavlinsky returned to Moscow stating that the economic prosperity of Russia and it’s allies was now guaranteed. Meanwhile however peace was something that wasn’t being upheld properly in Georgia. The South Ossetian War and the Abkhazian War was starting to get out of hand. In June 23rd, around 400 Georgian troops assaulted the city of Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia itself, and tried to gain control of the city. The Abkhaz troops forced the Georgians back with the aid of Russian peacekeepers caught in the firefight in the city.

    Georgia issued a diplomatic protest against Russia for the involvement of Russian troops in ‘Georgian’ soil. Yavlinsky dismissed these claims stating that the Georgian military knew that Russian peacekeepers were present, and had went ahead on their own free will, and that Russia had no hand in the defeat of the Georgian forces. Russo-Georgian relations were not at all in a good state, and this event simply enforced this belief and anti-Russian riots started to break out in Georgian cities. This was frowned upon by the Russian higher-ups, as the Russian trade lines going through Georgia into Turkey and Armenia would be threatened should Georgia suddenly start to become overtly hostile to the Russian state.

    1595506288149.png

    Russian peacekeeping forces in Abkhazia.

    In the late days of June, repeated missile attacks against Iraq by the United States of America, meant that Russia was currently sitting tightly. Yavlinsky, was currently caught in a tough spot. He could not be seen doing absolutely nothing over the events going in Iraq and neither could he be seen doing overtly too much, as he tried to keep the relations between the Russian Federation and the CSTO as a whole at least ambivalent with the Western nations joining NATO. The Baltic Crisis which saw Lithuania and Latvia unable to join NATO, had already been a hitch in the relations between the two factions, and currently Russia was only in the position of aggressively pushing forward its economy and developing its military at the same time.

    In a press conference he gave a speech asking for calm. “It has been an occurrence for far too many years by this point to make it even seem coherent and rational. Just yesterday, news arrived that an American missile hit an Iraqi football stadium whilst a game was going (AN: true event) on, and in the subsequent disaster, killed around 40 Iraqi civilians. Such actions are the actions of a person or nation trying to bypass everything to do what it wants. We cannot allow this to continue, and whilst the disarmament of Iraq is a strong issue, on which Russia agrees, we cannot allow the deaths of hundreds of innocent Iraqi civilians. We must remain calm in these times of crisis and not at all act with irrationality and emotions. We must act with the cold hard facts presented in front of us.”

    Meanwhile in China itself, on July 5th, the Russian government and the Chinese government signed the 2001 Sino-Russian Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with one another. The main points of this treaty were:-

    • China wishes to develop and modernize its armed forces, much of which remain outdated. This process can be accelerated with Russian military training, and technology.
    • China wishes to have a stable, consistent and affordable amount of fuel shipments, especially petroleum. This goal can be better met with the purchase of Russian petroleum.
    • China wishes to attain Russian support for its stance on Taiwan.
    • Russia strives to obtain resources of capital, which can be significantly aided by the addition of Chinese capital resources.
    • Russia wishes to sell its military expertise and military technology to China at an affordable and negotiated price for the betterment of both sides.
    • Russia to sell its large oil and petroleum capability with China.

    During the entire month of July, the Russian government was driving forward with it’s second 3 year plan, which had been following the technology mantra over and over again. Russia Online was currently booming in sails, as the online technology gained a good amount of fame and sails started to grow exponentially. Russia Online was still in the process of creating an Operating System, though there was a good amount of progress going on in that sector thankfully for the Russians.

    In August however, tragedy struck. A few Chechen separatists, still existed in a few random cells all across the countryside which was inaccessible due to terrain and many more factors. Zyuganov, as a part of the 3 year plan, had come to Chechnya to participate in the inauguration of a new technological firm in Grozny, however a suicide bomber managed to get close and detonated the bomb next to Zyuganov, killing him, the FSB agents who tried to stop him, and around 4 civilians next to him on August 3rd. The suicide bombing brought a lot of condemnation from Yavlinsky. Ivan Melnikov was made the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Russia and the position of Prime Minister was given to Melnikov as well, because of the demands from the Communist Party.

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    Gennady Zyuganov, killed by Chechen terrorists.

    The entire episode was a rather big wake up call for the Russians who were growing lax in their security measures in Chechnya, and increased anti-terror activities were restarted and the entire episode became the final nail in the coffin for the Chechen independence movement ironically, as the deaths of fellow Chechens in the attack, had made the Chechen populace angry as well, and the Chechen guerillas quickly found out they were not going to be getting support from the populace as isolated incidents of Chechens handing over guerillas to the Russian anti-terror groups started to become known.

    Meanwhile this was also a good pretext for Vladimir Putin, the leader of the FSB to start a shakeup in the FSB’s old guard. They were rigid and unwilling to change, and the higher ups in the Russian government quietly blamed them for the inefficiency of the FSB in this regard. Putin managed to get the clearance he needed, and much of the old guard were ‘convinced’ to retire with yearly pension and they were shunted off to the side with newer and more professional and competent officers taking their positions.

    This was however a slightly bad move on part of both Yavlinsky and Putin. Many of the old guard generals and officers ended up joining the National Center Party of Russia led by Podberezkin, and this provided a good boost for the popularity of the National Center Party of Russia due to many old people having links to some members of the old guard.

    However still, the decision to shunt the old guard away did lead to a mini era of reform in the FSB as well, categorized by the fact, that Putin warned Yavlinsky later in the month that something was going on with Al Qaeda in Afghanistan, and that suspicious activities were being detected.

    Indirectly being assisted by the CIA as well, the Russian FSB was receiving disturbing reports about Al Qaeda and the fact that Zyuganov’s assassin may have had some contact and relation with the Al Qaeda group and some Islamic terrorist groups. This was not good news. Russia had a sizeable Muslim population, and any rise in islamophobia due to Islamic terror attacks was something that Russia really did not wish to have, right during the times when the Russian economy was growing and starting to properly become assimilated into the global market and economy.

    In August 21, the United States and NATO announced that peacekeepers from NATO would be stationed in the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonia had protested largely against this, and was unwilling to have American troops on Macedonian soil. They had given in mostly due to the American diplomatic attack, however by this point they were asking for diplomatic balance, and also asked Russian troops to enter Macedonia as peacekeepers from the Russian military base at Nis. This was accepted by Yavlinsky who had been very suspicious about the NATO’s movement into Macedonia and Russian and NATO soldiers patrolled the areas of Macedonian uncomfortably eyeing each other with distrust as each time each patrol passed each other, the clenching of assault rifles, and murmured profanities were common, though no incidents took place. The situation in Macedonia was tense nonetheless and both sides in return kept their troops in Macedonia at a minimum level to discourage any such events from taking place.

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    Russian Peacekeeping forces in Macedonia.

    In August 31st, the World Conference Against Racism took place in South Africa. The Russian delegation there argued for better coherence with the ethnic populations of the world to make a less racist world and for semi-globalism to work as a compromise between pro-globalists and anti-globalists stating that rapid globalization without check could be a potential disaster in the making. Of course the conference was only largely ceremonial and not at all having any executive authority, however, the words of the Russian argument were noted by many, as being at least partially true in some regards.

    On September 4th, Russia Online announced that a new Operating System named Ruson OS was going to be released in Christmas (according to the Gregorian Calendar). This was a good step forward for the Russian technological group, as Russia wished to make this company become a global competitor for the technological markets and industries. It was gaining a lot of traction within the CSTO nations no doubt, however there was little to no news about it outside of the CSTO nations, and very few even knew about it, and Russia wished to rectify that situation.

    In September 9, Around 68 people died in Parnu County in Estonia due to methanol poisoning and worries about extra cases cropping up began to grow within the government and the people alike. The Russian government, eager to follow up on the route of rapprochement taken by both countries sent a good amount FHSR employees to take care and treat the Estonian populace in Parnu in cooperation with the Estonian government to make sure that the methanol poisoning had not and would not spread around the entirety of the area. In the end, around 278 people were found with symptoms and they were sent for treatment and subsequently most of them survived. The Estonian government expressed their gratitude to Russia by stating that the Estonian government was willing to expand upon the opportunities between the two nation states and would be willing to negotiate an entry into the CSTO economic union, though not the military one. This was accepted by Moscow enthusiastically. Ethnic tensions and historical rivalry had been quickly dying out between the two states, due to increased cooperation and both Tallinn and Moscow were eager to live their bereft history behind them.

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    9/11 attacks

    In September 11, around almost 3000 American civilians died in the 9/11 attacks and the World Trade Centers collapsed as a reason in Manhattan. The Russian government sent a letter of condolence to America and Sergey Shoyu gave a public speech during the aftermath of the event.

    Islam is an Abrahamic religion. A fellow brother of the book, though it may not seem like that at times. Russia and Islam has had a……complicated relationship to say the least, however we still look at our numbers today and find that a good portion of Russians are Islamic. And they live in peace, believe themselves to be Russian, and are as patriotic to this nation like any other Novgorodian or Muscovite. Extremism in anything, militarism, religion, politics, day to day work, anything, is a very dangerous business, and blaming an entire community as a whole is something that the government of Russia does not emphasize. However the eradication of extremism is something that the government of Russia wishes to bring about in everything. We must be moderate in our approach. Seek what others want and left others seek what we want, for this world of ours is a symbiotic relationship of give and take. The recent attacks on American soil are nothing except the product of radical extremism, something that Russia cannot abide by, having been victim to it, so many times in the past. Should the United States, and by extension, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization need any Russian aid for their retaliation that will come, no doubt, against extremism, then Russians, may they be Islamic, Orthodox, Catholic or Protestant, are ready to help them.”

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    President Bush announcing the War on Terror.


    In September 20th, Bush announced a ‘War on Terror’ and whilst the Russian government was guardedly fine about this, the FSB was indicating something else was going on. American troops movements in the middle east as well as the navy in the Indian Ocean was just too sudden and the Russian government was quite suspicious about what America was currently planning, and how would Russia react to any kind of provocation was now occupying the minds in Kremlin. Moreover Bush issued an ultimatum to the Taliban to hand over Osama Bin Laden, and “close all immediate terrorist training cells, hand over every terrorist and their supporters and allow the United States full access to the terrorist camps for close inspections.”

    In return, the Taliban had denounced the 9/11 attacks and they had been slightly aggravated by the attacks. However Bin Laden was protected by the Pashtun laws on hospitality, which basically stated that visitors were gods, and the Taliban demanded proof of Osama Bin Laden’s guilt. Taliban called that if proof of Bin Laden’s guilt was proven by any third party nation, they would hand over Bin Laden and his lackeys. As NATO came dangerously close to invading the already tumultuous region of Afghanistan, Russian President Yavlinsky ordered the FSB to begin investigations regarding the attacks and to find out if Bin Laden had anything to do regarding the attack on the September 11 attacks. Putin stated that Russia could find out who was behind the attacks, only if FSB agents were on the ground in Afghanistan. Later that night, from Russian airfields in Tajikistan, Russian spies are inserted into Afghanistan by the Russians.

    In October 7th, the Americans launched Operation Enduring Freedom and invaded Afghanistan refusing the Taliban’s call for peace and de-escalations. Russia publically supported the ‘war on terror’ however denounced the invasion of Afghanistan calling it an unnecessary loss of life for all parties involved. The Russian FSB was also starting to filter in reports about possible links between Bin Laden and the 9/11 attacks. Meanwhile, indirectly, the Russians were asking the British Mi6 agents in the region, the next largest spy organization active in the region to begin cooperation to find out whether or not Bin Laden was involved in the 9/11 attacks. Mi6 agents and FSB agents reportedly colluded with one another in Afghanistan during their investigation processes, and Russian cyber networks, were hard at work trying to find any data regarding the attacks, though till this point, they were unsuccessful.

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    Operation Enduring Freedom.

    Meanwhile Russian aerial assets continued to observe the manner in which NATO committed their attacks in Afghanistan, with the aim of gathering doctrinal intelligence as well as equipment intelligence, because NATO and Russia just didn’t click with one another, and neither did Yavlinsky nor did NATO trust the each other, and both were always looking at each other with suspicion.

    On November 12th, Kabul was abandoned by the Taliban as members of the Northern Alliance soon stormed the city and took the capital of Afghanistan. Russia viewed these events with slight interest. They had no current deployments into Afghanistan, and agreed with the United States that the Islamic terrorism had to be rooted out, however an entire invasion of Afghanistan was something that Russia did not support. The region had finally achieved some kind of stability for a few months and years, and now the entire stability was destroyed and refugees were flowing into the Central Asian States as well as Pakistan and Iran, and with the CSTO being involved in this, at least diplomatically, Russia had been thrown into the sidelines by NATO in this endeavor, something that irritated Russia to no end.

    In December 13, the 2001 Indian Parliament Attack took place, which forced the Indian Army and armed forces to go on the mobilization in the Pakistani border. Provoked by this, the Pakistani government announced a mobilization of its own armed forces. Faced with a potential nuclear war, and with NATO involved quagmire deep in Afghanistan to pay good enough attention in the subcontinent, Russia and China led the diplomatic mission in the subcontinent.

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    Tanks being mobilized in the Indo-Pak standoff of 2001.

    Yavlinsky officially issued an ultimatum to India after border fights started in the Line of Control in Kashmir backing Pakistan. The ultimatum presented condolences for the parliamentary attack, however denounced the armed aggression India was pursuing and with the risk of nuclear war, stated that if India instigated another armed conflict in the subcontinent then Russia and with the backing of the Chinese government, China would also intervene. Faced with fighting against three nuclear powers, and two great powers and one regional power, India backed down, and the Indo-Pak confrontation died down. However this was the final nail in the coffin for the previously amenable Russo-Indian relations. Yavlinsky claimed in public that he had done this and taken a proactive position to eliminate the threat of nuclear war, and he was praised by both the east and west for his actions, however privately Yavlinsky had done what any leader would have; Yavlinsky was supporting his ally in the south along with China.

    As the year ended, talks between Yabloko and the Communist party over a continued coalition for the 2002 elections began to take place.

    ***
     
    2002 (1st Half)
  • Chapter 9

    ***

    2002 (1st Half)

    ***

    The year 2002 began with an earnest bang, as Melnikov remained adamant in his position regarding that the Communist Party would not join Yabloko in another coalition government. Yavlinsky was initially willing to join in another coalition government and national front with the Communists, however Melnikov’s refusal for another coalition meant that Yavlinsky was now fully free to commit into a fully Social Democratic rule over Russia for the next 6 years now.

    On January 3rd, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and the Yabloko jointly announced that they would not be extending their coalition government for another term, and that they would each seek to fight in the elections on their own terms.

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    Logo of the Yabloko Party, a Social Democratic Party, currently the ruling Party of Russia.

    This was a monumental declaration as this meant that other parties such the National Center Party would have a chance against winning against the Yabloko Party as well as the Communists, however tenuous this ideal may have been.

    For the electoral campaign, Yavlinsky announced that Boris Nemtsov would be his prime minister appointee should he win the elections once again. On January 5th, the members of the Open Skies Surveillance Treaty officially announced that the treaty was now entering force between the writers of the treaty. Russia had signed the treaty in 1992 and it entered force within Russian airspace as well.

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    Boris Nemtsov.

    Meanwhile this was going on, Russia’s Ruson OS announced that they had reached a deal with the private contractors in Brazil, and that Brazilian investors as well as contractor dealers would be buying 5% of the total shares of the Ruson OS system, and the OS system came into Brazilian markets, as Brazilians quickly started to buy the goods from Ruson. This was good news, as Brazil was the first nation barring the CSTO alliance to start buying Ruson products and Russia Online products, and with the advent of it being bought in Brazil, Russia hoped to make it spread all over Central and South America in terms of selling capability and ability.

    Meanwhile, the Russian foreign ministry was also inside negotiations with the European Union regarding the convertibility of Russian rubles with the Euro now being announced and used all over the European Union’s member states barring few like Sweden and the United Kingdom. However whilst this was going on, another small diplomatic incident and event, which would change the shape of Europe, at least in the east was going on. In Crimea, Russians made up the majority of the population, and the declaration of the CSTO free movement zone that would be implemented next year, was like a kettle steaming over itself, and the unsolved issues from the leftover problems from the 1994 Crimean Referendum reared its ugly head in Ukraine, as protestors in Crimea dropped into the streets of Sevastopol, Yalta etc to protest and stated their desire to rejoin Russia, as the 1994 greater autonomy proposal hadn’t even been implemented properly by this point in Ukraine, frustrating the people of Crimea. The 1994 referendum promised greater autonomy, which wasn’t delivered, dual citizenship with Russia which wasn’t delivered and more trade deals between Crimea and Ukraine itself to stimuli the Crimean economy which also hadn’t happened till this point, and protests rocked the peninsula asking to rejoin the Russian Federation throughout the month of January.

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    The pro-Russian protests in Crimea 2002.

    Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma was taken very offguard by the sudden spike in unrest in Crimea. The province had always been a rebellious province against Kiev, and this was now being highlighted. His regime in Ukraine wasn’t the most famous at all, and he stood in power on shaky foundations. The economy of Ukraine was plummeting in Ukraine, and this renewed period of unrest in Russia was anything but helpful to the Ukrainian Economy. However Leonid Kuchma opened negotiations with the Russian government over the possibility of Crimea being handed over to the Russian Federation for a good enough sum. The Russian economy currently stood $862 Billion strong and growing faster, whilst the Ukrainian economy stood at only $39 Billion strong and continuing to stagnate and continuing to contract in many sectors, which was something that Leonid Kuchma was currently coming under fire for.

    It looked very real that Kuchma could be ousted by a revolution, and that if the situation in Crimea and the entire country did not improve, then the Kuchma Presidency would die out quickly in Ukraine. Kuchma announced that he would seek diplomatic negotiations with Russia over the issue of Crimea and on February 2nd, the Russian President, Grigory Yavlinsky and Ukrainian President Loenid Kuchma met each other in Kharkiv beginning the Kharkiv Summit. It was pretty clear by this point that no referendum was even needed because of the fact that the Crimean populace was openly asking for annexation into Russia, and the discussion was regarding economics and regarding diplomacy. In the one week summit between the two head of states, both of them reached an accord with one another. The Kharkiv Agreement signed between the Republic of Ukraine and the Russian Federation. The deal was a very strong deal for both sides. The Russian Federation was to purchase the Crimean Peninsula from the Republic of Ukraine for $10 Billion dollars. In return the rights of the ethnic Ukrainians living in Crimea would be guaranteed, and those that wished to return to Ukraine would be allowed to do so. The agreement also stipulated that the Ukrainian Navy had indefinite naval basing rights for its Black Sea Fleet within Crimea and Sevastopol for military use, and the Ukrainian Armed Forces would have the right to station 5,000 Armed Forces in the Crimean Peninsula. The deal would take effect on 10th of March next month by which point the Ukrainians who wished to migrate back into Ukraine proper would have likely done so by that point.

    The $10 Billion deal was an extreme breather for Leonid Kuchma, as it suddenly made the Ukrainian economy growing 25% and the economic incentives that came with this purchase suddenly made his economic base for the Ukrainian presidency a whole lot more stronger and a whole lot more capable in the long term.

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    Leonid Kuchma, the President of Ukraine.

    Within Russia itself this was an electorate coup in favor of Yavlinsky as this made his popularity grow by a very good margin, and the Yabloko party made very good use of it. Electoral campaign was proceeding pretty easily within Russia and the Yabloko party’s popularity was running very high. Boris Nemtsov made a campaign movement for Yabloko in the Russian Far East and in Belarus, Lukashenko praised the acquisition of Crimea and campaigned for a second term as First President of Belarus.

    On February 6th, the former President of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic was brought for the Hague Tribunal to attest for his warcrimes in the Yugoslav wars, where he was found guilty and he was convicted for his warcrimes. King Alexander II of Yugoslavia gave a speech condemning the man and stating that he wished for future rapprochement between all southern slav states so that they all could live together in economic and diplomatic prosperity with one another bypassing old wounds. The same day, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Golden Jubilee as monarch of Great Britain and all the Commonwealth Realms. The Russian ambassador to Great Britain paid his respects to Queen Elizabeth II reportedly remarking that – “If only the Czars had been like the Monarchs of Great Britain, they would have still been in power in Russia!”

    On February 13th, Yavlinsky officially began to publically campaign for the 2002 elections and began to give campaign rallies throughout the nation. The man along with his party Yabloko boasted the economic scores of the Russian nation which had been very impressive and the military and diplomatic events which had happened under the rule of Yavslinky majority of which had been under the rule of Yavlinsky. Within the Communists they went ahead using the Federal Health Service of Russia (FHSR) as their platform for the campaign as Melnikov publically stated that the FHSR program had been a program driven by the Communist Party of Russia more than anyone else. The ongoing construction of the Yakutsk-Anadyr railway was also being attributed to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.

    During the Winter Olympics of 2002 being held in Salt Lake City in the United States, the Russians won around 29 medals, and returned back home to Russia triumphantly. However more importantly this was the first public event in the United States that the FSB could partake in. Unknown agents were injected by the FSB on orders of Yavlinsky and Vladimir Putin, who were growing worried about the continuously belligerent stance of President George W. Bush in the Middle East and his continuous warlike tendencies which was starting to irritate the Russians to no end. Russian aerial assets had been the only assets used actively in the War Against Terror by the Russians with them bombing key Taliban targets on the ground from air bases in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, however the accusations from America about doctrinal espionage on part of Russia was starting to irritate the Russians to no end. Technically this was true however Russia maintained that in joint operations doctrinal intelligence would pass no matter what. They reiterated that America was currently learning about Russian aerial doctrine due to the Russian bombing of the Taliban, which the United States repeatedly refuted, though somewhat tenuously.

    1595767155847.png


    On February 26th, the company Russia Online finally announced that British contractors had managed to strike a profitable deal for both sides, and the Ruson OS system would now be exported to the UK finally entering the Russian technological giant into the Western European technological market. This was a huge deal, as it now meant that the Russians had achieved their Industry 4.0 goals, at least the initial goals. On February 28th, Russia and Japan restored their diplomatic ties which had been cut off after the Kuril Islands dispute. Japan still claimed the southern Kuril Islands as their own, however they were now open to dialogue and so was Russia.

    On March 5th, the Russian government announced that Russia and China had reached a deal regarding oil imports and exports and that a new oil trading deal had been reached between China and Russia. A small pipeline system began construction on both sides in Khabarvosk and Vladivostok alongside the Anadyr-Yakutsk railway line. This was largely very beneficial to the Russians, as the Far East had always been one of Russia’s most unemployed zones, and having two economic projects happening meant that the old unemployment woes were gradually dying down for the benefit of the Russian people and the Russian government as well as the Russian economy as a whole.

    On March 10th, Crimea officially rejoined the Russian Federation with all the clauses of the Kharkiv Agreement being slowly enacted. The Crimean population began to celebrate this event and within the State Duma of the Russian Federation, the proposal for uplifting Crimea to become a republic within the Russian federation passed and quickly the Province of Crimea became the Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation with its capital being Sevastopol.

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    Flag of the Republic of Crimea.

    Within Crimea itself the FHSR quickly began to open up shop and the Russian government was now using the ports made available to them within the Crimean Peninsula to their economic advantage. Prominent shipbuilding companies like Yalta Shipbuilder Cooperation and Sevastopol Shipbuilding Corporation were consolidated to become the Crimean Shipbuilding Corporation to increase their productivity and the incentives for small scale shipbuilding was increased to create competition in the peninsula.

    On March 28th, the Russian government announced a new economic investiture deal with the Pakistani government which placed around $10 Billion dollars on part of Russia to be invested into the Pakistani economy. This also freed up much of Pakistani’s economic subsidies in certain sectors, and somewhat predictably, they were funneled into the Pakistani Armed Forces, and Pakistan ordered even more Russian weapons to be bought, and the Russian inventory of cold war weapons obliged as around 100 MiG-31 warplanes were ordered by Pakistan from Russia, which Russia accepted. This was a monumental deal as the 100 new warplanes would make the Pakistani Air Force or the PAF a whole lot more troublesome than what it was, and India quietly started to look into buying some American made or European made warplanes to counter this threat from the western borders of India that they now faced.

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    MiG-31 Interceptor.

    Speaking about India, the country was suffering from this new renewed arms race with Pakistan. Their economy which had been growing so largely in the 1990s had completely stagnated due to this arms race and India did not have the luxury of having China and Russia bail your economy out and the plummeting of economic growth rates and the rise in unequal distribution of wealth highlighted this fact. The Indian government was still in the desperate process of trying to stabilize their deficit finances by this point and it looked like with the combined Russo-Chinese investment into Pakistan, the Pakistani Purchasing Power Parity Gross Domestic Product would overtake the Indian one again by 2005 or 2006, and this was something that India wanted to avoid desperately.

    On April 15th, the Russian Federal Elections finally took place. After a week of the elections on April 22nd the results of the election came out.

    Parties:-

    • Yabloko (Yavlinsky) – 53.4%
    • Communists (Melnikov) – 29.5%
    • National Center Party (Podberezkin) – 5.9%
    • Liberal Democratic Party (Zhirinovsky) – 3%
    • Konstatin Titov – 2.9%
    • Yury Skuratov – 1%
    This meant that Yavlinsky had won the elections once again, and this time a small cabinet shuffle was done with the Communists officially taking up the position as the opposition party in the State Duma.

    Cabinet of the Russian Federation:-

    President: Grigory Yavlinsky

    Prime Minister: Boris Nemtsov.

    Minister of Agriculture: Vladimir Bulgak

    Minister of Education: Vladimir Filipov

    Minister of Defense: Sergey Shoyu

    Minister of Economy: Yevgeny Yasin.

    Minister of Foreign Affairs: Igor Ivanov.

    Minister of Internal Affairs: Anatoly Kulikov.

    Minister of Justice: Sergey Stephasin.

    Minister of Transportation: Nikolai Tsach.

    Minister of Health: Yury Shevchenko.

    Minister of Culture: Vladimir Yegerov

    Minister of Emergency Affairs: Alexander Lebed.

    Director of the FSB: Vladimir Putin.

    In his second inaugural speech, Yavlinsky promised that he would continue the economic reforms of the Russian Federation and consolidate the Russian economy as one of the world’s most firm and strongest economies. Considering his track record in this matter, many believed him as well.

    On April 29th, in order to emphasize this, Yavlinsky and the Cabinet announced that the cabinet was working on an economic bill to further incentivize the Russian technological sector and to make the Russian technological sector a giant in its own field on the world economic forum. This was met enthusiastically by Russia Online as their economic production was booming as their product, the Ruson OS was starting to spread into Ireland and France as well, and this was causing the technological firm to gain even more economical resources to expand on itself and create more economic productivity.

    On May 2nd, the Russian spaceshuttle, Buran was caught up in a storm and subsequently destroyed by said storm resulting in the deaths of around 20 cosmologists. This was one of the greatest material losses for the Russian aerospace industries in known history for the time, and the disaster made the Russian government look over the natural disaster defensive capabilities of its shuttles all over the Russian nation. The previously made laws regarding safety which had been passed for the airplane industry and economy of the nation was quickly extended to the Aerospace capability of the Russian Federation as well.

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    Buran Spaceshuttle.

    On May 20th, the Republic of East Timor regained independence with Russia recognizing the state among the other states of the world. Russia quickly opened diplomatic negotiations regarding a trade deal with the tiny Timor state and was looking into the strategic position that Timor had in regards to the East Indies for further Russian economic investment into the new country.

    However the big event of the month was the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty which was signed on May 24th between the United States of America and the Russian Federation. America agreed to limit their nuclear capability to 2000 deployable nuclear warheads whilst Russia agreed to limit their nuclear capability to 2500 deployable warheads. This was agreed bilaterally by both the United States of America as well as the Russian Federation. This was off particular importance to the Russian economy as this meant that the Russians could now scrap around 7000 warheads without fear of America or the west. This would make the Russian revenues in the economic sector increase by a very good margin, and the Russians quickly began to implement the treaty and started the scrapping of old warheads only keeping the most modern 2500 around as the older ones were sent for scrapping.

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    Russian Nuclear Missiles on mobile devices.

    On June 6th, the Russian anti-air defenses in the Black sea suddenly flared up as an unidentified object came free falling down from space and detonated mid-air over the Mediterranean sea. This event would become known as the 2002 Eastern Mediterranean Event. The object would detonate over the airspace of the Libyan waters and the pieces of the meteorite made itself known in some shores of the Libyan coastlines.

    Another major event that happened in the month was the 2002 Annular Solar Eclipse which forced around 99% of the sun’s surface to be covered by the moon. The entire event could be seen as far away as Los Angeles and Vladivostok simultaneously.

    SolarEclipse2002Jun10A.gif

    2002 Solar Eclipse.

    The last major event to happen in the first half of the year was on June 28th, as Afghan officials announced the creation of the Interim Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

    ***
     
    Chapter 10; the Prelude to War.
  • Chapter 10

    ***

    2002 (2nd Half)

    ***

    July began with the somber implementation of the Rome Statute, which finally established the International Court of Justice. The Russian Federation had been a signatory of the Rome Statute, and Russia officially entered the International Court of Justice as a member the very same day on July 1st.

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    The International Court of Justice.

    Meanwhile, the Russian government was currently concentrating their efforts in the development of the fifth generation stealth warplane, the SM-Boggrom, as favorable reports were coming in from the SM aerospace industries. The completion of this project would be the signature of Russia’s return to the forefront of the race for military air dominance.

    Regarding the military however, Russia was becoming increasingly wary of the American War in Afghanistan as some of the fighting occasionally spilled over into Tajikistan and the Central Asian States, where Russian troops based in these countries would have to break the fighting up. This meant that military tensions were flaring up not just between the Russians and Taliban, but tensions were also being raised between Russia and the NATO-coalition troops in Afghanistan, as aerial bombing raids into Afghanistan on part of Russia became very risky business as NATO and Russian fighters and bombers looked at each other warily. This lack of trust made ground operations on both sides fragmented and because of this Russia on July 3rd, stated that they would not give the go-ahead for any ground military mission in Afghanistan to fight the Taliban. This was partially fueled by the fear that NATO and Russian troops would open fire at each other and create an international diplomatic crisis, which was something that Russia could not afford at all during this time.

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    Russian Bombs falling onto a Taliban Base in Afghanistan.

    However another important event was going on in the world elsewhere. The African Unity Organization was dissolved and replaced by the African Union on July 9th. This was welcomed by the Russian government and Yavlinsky began talks with the African Union regarding new economic relations between Russia and Africa through third party mediums. A trade treaty was currently in the making as Russia sought to expand upon its economic recovery progress.

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    African Union Logo

    This was a success……for the African Union. The African Union managed to secure loads of economical deals with Russia regarding trade and commercial activities, however the Russians also got imposed with a heavy tariff system, which made Russia’s trading with the African Union hurt by a good margin. Russia still made profits, however not at the level that the Russian government liked nor wanted. However for now this was reluctantly accepted by the Russian government and the Russian economic brass as they had something bigger to focus on to at the current time.

    The Republic of Georgia had been an extremely tenuous place in terms of stability after their independence and the breakup of the Soviet Union. However the former Communist secretary of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze had been able to muddle on with the political crisis and managed to hold on to power. However due to increased military actions in Georgia in the regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia which were all repelled by Russian peacemaking troops, the Georgian population had gotten extremely angry and restless. This made Shevardnadze’s popularity in the country which was already tenuous as it was, plummet to rock bottom. On July 27th, the Georgian Revolution began as a riot began in Tbisili, and Shevardnadze’s police guard in Tbisili opened fire. This led to open hostilities between the government and many of the people and populace of Georgia. Even though Shevardnadze himself hadn’t been blame for the incident mostly due to the fact that he had warned not to do anything of the kind, however most of the people blamed him for the incident and the corruption, the military pressure all exploded in Georgia, and under the leadership of young Georgian activist Mikheil Saakashvili took to the streets of Tbisili demanding that the current government of Georgia resign and allow for elections to be held so that the Georgian nation could ‘prosper’.

    On July 31st, things came to a head, as Shevardnadze resigned, however the government remained frozen as the cabinet became a mess of insults being thrown at each other after the president resigned and in georgia anarchy reigned. Georgian Major General Zaza Gogova then united with Saakashvili to create a united front against the remainder of the governmental forces as the 33rd Regiment of the Georgian Army loyal to Zaza Gogova stormed the city of Tbisili itself and captured the city mostly bloodlessly as the regiment peacefully took control of the city and allowed paramilitary forces who had declared allegiance to Saakashvili to disarm the cabinet and arrested them


    1596544314860.png

    Zaza Gogova

    However in many parts of Georgia, this was not accepted by the governmental forces, and the Georgian Revolution officially became the Georgian Civil War as on August 5th, the new government formed by Saakashvili declared the governmental forces to be ‘terrorists’ and ‘insurgents’ that were against the ‘Georgian State’. Whilst this was going on, the new government of Georgia renamed the military to the Georgian Armed Forces and under Major General Zaza Gogova started to reform and restructure the military to take on the old loyalist troops now fighting against the new government in the countryside and few prominent Georgian cities and towns.

    georgia.png

    Factions in the Georgian Civil War:-
    Government under Saakashvili - Yellow
    Old Loyalist Regime Forces - Violet
    South Ossetians - Blue
    Abkhazians - Lime Green.


    All of this situation made the Georgian assaults on Abkhazia and South Ossetia fall to a grounding halt. However this was now becoming a crisis and on August 8th, the Russian Duma convened in an emergency meeting on the situation in Georgia and what to do about it. The Russian government under Yavlinsky initially wished for non-intervention, however this could not be the case as on August 10th, a Georgian speedbout loyal to the old regime fired upon a trawler of Russian fishermen by mistake and killed around 6 Russian fishermen. This was agitating news to the Russians as the Dagestani and North Ossetians in Russia started to agitate for the Russians to intervene in Georgia and conduct a somewhat peaceful regime change.

    Finally on August 18th, the Russian government gave the go ahead signal for the Russian 58th Army to mobilize as the Georgian Armed Forces took control of the city of Borjomi which had been under control of the old loyalists or as they now called themselves, the Old Guard Forces.

    The Russian 58th Army consisted of:-

    42nd Motor Rifle Division

    19th Motor Rifle Division

    205th Mechanized Rifle Brigade

    136th Guards Rifle Brigade

    135th Rifle regiment

    291st Artillery Regiment

    943rd Multiple Rocket Launcher Regiment

    1128th Anti-Tank regiment

    67th Separate Anti-aircraft Rocket Brigade

    487th Separate Helicopter Regiment

    11th Engineer Regiment

    234th Signals Brigade

    22nd Regiment of Electronic warfare

    1596543558530.png

    58th Army, Order of Battle.

    On August 27th, the Russian government officially issued an ultimatum to Georgia citing the destruction and killing of Russian fishermen and formally issued a statement stating that ‘All Hostilities in Georgia, between the Abkhazians, South Ossetians, Georgian Factions must stop by August 30th, with a ceasefire agreement by which time, the Russian government shall act as a mediator between all factions involved.’

    This ultimatum was seen as ludicrous in Georgia by all sides, as giving up in face of Russian pressure would make sure to make it known to the Georgian population that their leaders were weaklings. In the global scenario however this ultimatum was viewed with good light, as the countries of Turkey, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria were already suffering from a mild refugee crisis already.

    The ultimatum was left unanswered as the Georgians continued to massacre each other.

    On September 5th, the 58th Army of the Russians finally moved into Georgia fighting all combatants to restore order.

    1596544079320.png

    Russians troops at the border before the invasion of Georgia.

    And thus the Russian Intervention in Georgia Began.


    ***
     
    Last edited:
    Day-1
  • Chapter 11: The Russian Intervention

    ***

    September 5th 2002

    ***

    Day 1 – September 5


    ***

    Admiral of the Fleet, Vladimir Masorin,

    Head command has ordered the Black Sea Fleet operating in Sevastopol and regional waters to stop all current operations and to start an economic naval blockade of the ports of Georgia.

    As the motherland becomes embroiled in war with the rebels and government in Georgia, it is imperative that we control the regional waters of Georgia to control the flow of weapons into the nation. This is something that head command will not compromise upon.

    It is you objective to:-


    • Destroy all enemy warships operating in the Black Sea
    • Protect Russian shipping lanes in the Black Sea
    • Blockade the ports of Georgia for contraband.
    • Note that Contraband will not include civilian wares and foodstuffs. It is absolutely necessary that anything relating to civilian welfare will not be considered contraband.
    Sevastopol Naval Command.

    1596625675147.png

    Admiral of the Black Sea Fleet; Vladimir Masorin

    ***

    BBC News Headlines tonight, September 5th, 2002

    ****

    “Welcome back BBC breaking news! Tonight we have a serious news coming in from Eastern Europe and the Caucasian mountains. When Civil War broke out in Georgia, many of its neighboring states agitated for intervention, however it is finally now Russia who has pulled the trigger. According to the statement issued by the Russian government and the Russian Ministry of Defense, the Russian 58th Army totaling 70,000 men has crossed the border into Georgian lands to ‘restore order’ in Georgia. News are coming in of Russian troops and Russian tanks advancing on the main roads at the border and the Russian Air Force has already begun bombing raids and close support roles to aid the Russian 58th Army on the ground.” The newsman reported as he filed up the papers. He turned to right extending his hand and looked at the man sitting on the desk next to him and asked “Mr. Cooper, you are our foremost expert on foreign affairs. What do you think about the Russian intervention in the Georgian Civil War?”

    “Well, it is quite the disconcerting intervention if I say so myself.” Cooper replied. “Almost all of the time, interventions in civil wars means that the great power intervenes on one side, supporting them. However it seems that Russia supports neither of the two regimes vying for power in Georgia and is intent on restoring a stable southern border. President Yavlinsky seems to have hinted upon a military solution to the crisis in Georgia months ago, however it seems that the Russian mobilization largely went unnoticed due to the large Russian military presence in the North Caucasus, and it is my understanding that our western allies and our satellites believed that it was another Russian drill and movement.”

    “Indeed.” The newsman nodded. “What can be said of the forces of both sides Mr. Cooper?”

    “I am afraid I do not believe that any Georgian Regime has any chance of surviving at all. The Russians have a huge advantage in sea, air and ground, on to so high levels, it isn’t even funny. It’s as if comparing an ant to an elephant. The Russian conventional forces in my opinion will be able to move across the Georgian nation with large and unrestricted ease.”

    “What is the stance of NATO in all of this?”

    “NATO General Secretary George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen is slated to have an announcement conference this evening.” Cooper replied. “However in my opinion I believe much of the world sympathy will be on Russia’s side, despite old russophobia about a Russian invasion creeping into the minds of a few fanatics.”

    “Why so?”

    “The Georgian Civil War has already created a refugee crisis in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Romania, Ukraine and Bulgaria, and many countries are sympathizing with the deaths of Russian civilians which were attacked by the loyalists of the old regime. Since Russia is not backing any side in the Civil War, it is very likely that Russia will not face any international condemnation, as long as it follows a pure conventional war in the Caucasian mountains.”

    “Thank you Mr. Cooper. That is an interesting insight into the state of matters.” The newsman thanked. He turned back to the screen. “It seems likely that the Russians will probably not be opposed in their invasion. We will go over to the Russian press conference live as soon as it convenes.... !”

    ***


    September 5th

    ***

    The Russian 19th Motor Rifle Division is given the order to advance on Highway S-10 and to advance towards the capital of the Georgian Capital, Tbilisi. The 19th Motor Rifle Division will be aided by the 141st Tank Battalion and the 135th Rifle Regiment.

    These three portions of the 58th Army is given the name ‘Army Corps I’ and their objective to secure S-10 highway, take control of the city of Gori and then advance onto Tbilisi and secure the Georgian Capital.

    The ‘Army Corps II’ is given command of 429th Motor Rifle Division, 503rd Motor Rifle Regiment, and the 693rd Motor Rifle Division. The II Corps is given the task to secure the Kutaisi-Alpana-Mamisoni pass and the city of Kutaisi itself. Then after securing Kutaisi, their second objective was to advance towards the port city of Poti.

    1596625830949.png

    The Kutaisi-Alpana-Mamisoni Pass.

    The Russian Marines based at Sukhumi numbering around 8,000 will launch an amphibious invasion into Batumi and secure Highway-1 and the Mtirala Mountain Valley aided by aircover.

    On the border, small firefights take place. The Georgians and Russians take part in the first major battle of the conflict, known as the Battle of Tirdznisi as the 135th Rifle Regiment begins to fight for the city of Tirdznisi with the Georgian 34th Foot Regiment.

    On 12:32 PM, the Russian 693rd captures the town of Shovi clearing the initial path for the Kutaisi-Mamisoni pass. The Georgians retreat to the interior of the Pass with fortifications and defensive positions being made to halt the Russians.

    In the sea, the Russian Black Sea Fleet engaged the Georgian Coastal Guard and the Georgian ships started to fire at the Russian ships. The Russian destroyer Smettivy and the Russian cruiser Moskva started to return fire, and seeing the full might of the Russian Navy at its shores, the Georgian Coastal Guard which had assumed they were fighting a small breakaway quickly backtracked away from the fight, losing 3 torpedo boats and 49 men in the Battle of the Coast of Sukhumi.

    1596625780854.png

    Russian Cruiser Moskva.

    On 3 PM, the 4th Russian Marine Regiment is given the green light to start amphibious assaults on Batumi, and escorted by the Russian Black Sea Fleet, the 4th lands in Batumi on 4:46 PM with heavy firefights taking place in the city as the Russian marines take control of the city one block at a time, as even civilians start attacking the Russian troops. The Russian high command had given the order to disarm and isolate attacking civilians and to not kill them or injure them until under the direst of situations. The Battle of Batumi rages on till the night as the Russians continued to fight in the night as the port city bore the brunt of the fighting as the Russian Air Force conducted close air support roles.

    ***
     
    Last edited:
    The End of War and Aftermath
  • Chapter 12: The End of War and Aftermath.

    ***

    September 7th, 2002, Georgia

    ***

    Tbilisi

    “Welcome, I’m Zulab Abuladze, the local BBC correspondent in Georgia.” The tall Georgian stated as he flinched slightly as the massive noise of the people behind him interdicted his voice somewhat. He forced himself to look at the camera and remain calm. “The Russian Armed Forces have made tremendous progress in the Georgian nation, and the old loyalist regime has virtually collapsed as news leaked out that Russian Spetznaz Brigades operating from their military bases in Armenia managed to kill the top local Cabinets of the old loyalist regime. The forces are in anarchy from all recent reports.”

    Zulab then turned towards the large masses of Georgians lining up in the eastern sector of the city and he started to speak again. “As you can see there are a mass of Georgian civilians in Tbilisi lining up to leave the city towards the east, where the Russians have established total dominance. The city of Tbilisi is totally surrounded and the Russian military has halted its advance, with a public message being sent to evacuate all civilians within 2 days. An ultimatum of surrender to President Mikhail Saakashvili has also been sent according to the United Nations and the Russian Ministry of Defense, however there is no confirming this in large part. People are protesting in the streets as well demanding the resignation of Saakashvili and return to peace with new elections. However again, there is no news from the government. Some rioters actually made their way into the government building, however they were forced to return after security officials found them trying to break in and listen to the decisions being made. They are currently being detained to see if they heard any sensitive information.”

    “The situation here in Tbilisi is quite apocalyptic if I may express my views. Russia and Georgia has never had the most amiable of relations, however full out war was something that no one contemplated, and it seems that the incompetence of both regimes vying for power which plunged the country into civil war led to the Russian intervention. The non-intervention stance taken by NATO has also sent things into a spin here in Georgia. In fact the very notion that some NATO candidate countries like Bulgaria and Romania supporting the Russian intervention is seen as something crazy and ludicrous here in Georgia. However the storm of war is something that is hitting everyone hard. People scrounge to find food. Electricity is scarce, and everyone knows someone who is dead. The Russian airforce dominates the skies, as you can see above you.”

    The cameraman turned his camera towards the skies to sow multiple Russian warplane squadrons in the skies watching the Georgian capital dangerously. They were upholding the 2 day time limit given to make sure civilians made it out of the city, however they were looking to make sure that the Georgians would not take advantage of the ceasefire for military purposes.

    “Some radicals here have even raised the notion of keeping the civilians here to force the Russian’s hands, however such a move would destroy the credibility of Georgia on the international stage. However from reports that we have managed to gain, it seems that around 20% of the entire population has managed to escape the city by now. The Russians have set up a refugee camp outside far from the frontlines.”

    Zulab turned back to the camera fully and stated, “And this is the situation on the ground. I am also going to be leaving the capital and will be moving to the Russian camps within the next hour or so. Back to you now, Mike.”

    ***

    Saakashvili Accepts Russian Ultimatum! Georgia Surrenders! Russian Troops in Tbilisi, Capital of Georgia

    Sunday, September 8th, 2002.

    Tom Hopper

    When Russian troops managed to encircle the capital of Georgia on September 6th, they issued two directives. One was an ultimatum for President Saakashvili to surrender Georgia and hand over interim control to the cabinet, and the second one was the directive for Civilians to evacuate the city of Tbilisi. Today morning, President Saakashvili made an announcement in radio and television announcing that for the protection of Georgian lives, he would follow the Russian ultimatum.

    According to sources, he had been vehemently opposed by members of the military, however the current military situation is extremely tenuous, the city of Kutaisi surrendered without even a fight and the entire coastline has been captured by Russia, with Russian marines advancing inward with air support and armored support.

    Russian troops have already begun entering the capital of Georgia and the General of the 58th Army, Major General Marat Kulakmetov has stated that after the region was stabilized Russian troops would leave the country in its full entirety. The Commander-in-Chief of Russian Ground Forces, Alexey Maslov has stated that this will include a new political elections overseen by the Russians, with third parties from Turkey and Armenia to overlook the elections as well. A referendum has also been proposed for the breakaway states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

    1596797296469.png

    Russian troops in Tbilisi.

    ***

    2002 Georgian General Elections, October 25th, 2002:-

    1596796736643.png

    Georgian Parliament:-

    Alliance of Georgian Patriots (yellow) – 81 seats (David Tarkhan-Mouravi)

    Conservative Party of Georgia (green) – 26 seats (Zviad Dzidziguri)

    State of the People’s Party (brown) – 17 seats (Nika Machutadze)

    European Georgia (pink) – 5 seats (Davit Bakhradze)

    Independents (grey) – 21 seats


    ***

    Pro-Russian Tarkhan-Mouravi elected President of the Republic of Georgia!

    The Times, Reporter David Hope, October 27th, 2002

    In the interim Georgian General Election, the new Georgian political party named the Alliance of the Georgian Patriots won the elections in a landslide victory. A member of the old Georgian aristocracy, David Tarkhan-Mouravi is the leader of this party and has been elected President of the Republic of Georgia and his party holds majority in the Georgian Parliament.

    He has been vocal in his support for rapprochement with Russia. Due to the fact that Russia intervened to restore order, many Georgians are willing to support this line of thought. Under the civil war, the Georgians were unable to have proper food, and electricity supply with the constant threat of death. However the Russian intervention has introduced much needed stability which has been very beneficial for the Georgian populace as the Russians have started a proper food distribution program in the country.

    His economic proposals are definitely impressive and in line of thought with the economists of Georgia and the bondage plan that he has been proposing is an ambitious one. He is also advocating for Georgia to join the CSTO Common Area and Free Market system which is going to be implemented next year, though doubts over this remain. On the issue of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the government and Russia are currently in talks.

    ***

    Abkhazian Independence Referendum, November 3rd, 2002

    • Are you willing to remain in the Republic of Georgia with all the autonomous benefits of the Abkhazian Autonomous Socialist Republic (AASR) being restored? : 52%
    • Do you wish for the Abkhazian nation to become a fully independent nation? : 41%
    • Invalid Votes : 9%
    • Electoral Turnout: 89%
    ***

    South Ossetian Independence Referendum, November 3rd, 2002.

    • Are you willing to remain in the Republic of Georgia with all autonomous benefits of the South Ossetian Autonomous Socialist Republic (SOASR) being restored? : 34%
    • Do you wish for the South Ossetian Nation to become a fully independent nation? : 62%
    • Invalid Votes: 4%
    • Total Electoral Turnout : 91%

    1596797380822.png

    Flag of South Ossetia.
    ***

    The Diplomat

    The Republic of South Ossetia Declares Independence from Georgia!

    Abkhazia votes to remain as autonomous region!

    ***

    Russian State Duma:-

    1596796827669.png

    Yabloko (yellow) - 267 seats
    Communist Party of Russia (red) - 148 seats
    National Center Party (green) - 30
    Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (blue) - 15 seats
    Independents (grey) - 40

    ***
     
    Global Reaction and America Gears Up. (end of 2002)
  • Chapter 13: Global Reaction and America Gears Up.

    ***


    New York Times:-

    Polish Foreign Minister speaks up! Paints a target at Russia!

    November 8th

    Yesterday evening in a press conference, Polish Foreign Minister Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz has denounced the Russian intervention in Georgia and has stated that ‘The Russian occupied territories in Georgia did not conduct a free and fair referendum nor election. It is highly likely they were rigged in favor of Russia and her allies in Georgia’.

    Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov of the Russian Federation has denounced this statement from the Polish Foreign Ministry calling it ‘a disgraceful statement to the hundreds of Georgians and Russians who gave their lives for the betterment of the Caucasian peoples’. He has called on to the Turkish embassy alongside the Armenian and Azerbaijani Embassy as these countries oversaw the elections and the referendums. The Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Sian Gurel has called upon the Polish ambassador to Turkey to provide support on behalf of Russia. The new Georgian government under President Tarkhan-Mouravi has also denounced this statement stating that the Georgian elections and referendums were free and fair. He also lambasted the Polish Foreign Ministry stating that ‘if the referendums were fake and not fair, then Abkhazia would be an independent nation today to weaken the Caucasian unity amongst its peoples. This would be a sound geopolitical strategy and the mere fact that this has not happened is proof enough that the referendums were not rigged, and unfair.’

    Poland however has not changed its stance from all statements, and from what we know, the Poles and Turks are currently talking about this issue to NATO. The heavyweights of NATO such as France and Britain have advocated for peace and resolution with French President Jacques Chirac stating that ‘NATO must not be hurdled with such things.’

    The unity of NATO is being called into action without a ‘bogey man’ like the Soviets to keep their interests tied together due to this small crisis that is becoming enveloped in Eastern Europe.

    1596958306474.png

    Polish Foreign Minister, Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz


    ***

    The Times:

    Baltic Assembly meets in Tallinn to decided official stance regarding Russia.

    November 11th,

    The leaders of the countries of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are meeting each other today this day to decide on a firm united foreign policy regarding the Russian intervention in Georgia. The Russian government has stated that they will also send observers as Estonia is an observer member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.

    Expectations are low, however as the diffraction between Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania continues to grow. The Latvians and Lithuanians are largely opposed to the continued Estonian membership as an observer state in the CSTO and this has become a huge hurdle for the nations to face.

    President Yavlinsky has announced that should Estonia leave the CSTO, then the alliance would honor the decision, however the diplomatic fallout between the members and Estonia would be too heavy a price for Estonia to even consider. Considering around 30% of their economy is driven by the Russian oil, Azerbaijani oil, Yugoslav minerals, Russian agriculture and Kazakh food, the Estonians are very aware of this, and are largely trying to mediate the crisis developing in Eastern and Northern Europe.

    1596958526602.png

    Logo of the Baltic Assembly.

    ****

    The Sun:

    Baltic Assembly Meeting Fruitless!

    November 13th,

    Unfortunately for the Republic of Lithuania and Latvia, the diffraction between Estonia and the other two seems to have been a large contributor to the fact that none of the meetings seem to have gone ahead as planned. The Estonians have planned to remain neutral in the issue whilst Latvia and Lithuania are planning for a joint declaration in support of the stance of Poland.

    Russian Prime Minister Nemtsov has warned that should tensions escalate then the economic discrepancy would be very hard for all nations involved to overcome.

    ***

    BBC News Headlines

    November 14th

    “Hello everyone, I’m Zulab Abuladze, the local BBC correspondent here in Georgia. The situation here in Georgia is very calm in fact. Despite what the outside world seems to be doing, the question about the electoral fraud here in Georgia itself isn’t a big issue. The election of David Tarkhan-Mouravi seems to have paved the way for internal stability within the nation, and the country is very happy to see this after months and years of ethnic and political violence.” Zulab started as he stood behind a column of Russian tanks moving out of the capital city of Tbilisi.

    “As you can see behind me, the Russian troops are now evacuating Georgia, their original goals of restoring stability in the region accomplished. As you can see behind me, many Georgians are on the streets giving out gifts to the Russian soldiers. This is largely due to the fact that the Russian intervention saved multiple lives and restored the collapsed economy of Georgia. This has made livelihood in Georgia all the better, and the people are expressing their gratitude to the soldiers.” Zulab stated as the cameraman showed a few middle aged women handing over packets of Georgian dishes to some Russian soldiers who seemed to be very uncomfortable with them.

    Zulab walked forward and managed to bag one of them for an interview.

    “Hello Miss. I am the local BBC correspondent here in Georgia, and I was hoping that we could interview for a few minutes.” Zulab asked politely.

    The woman, a middle aged blonde smiled slightly timidly and nodded.

    “Thank you miss. What is your name?”

    “Natella Abkhazi.”

    “Thank you. Ms. Abkhazi, we here saw you hand out food to that uncomfortable Russian soldier along with several other Russian soldiers. Forgive me for being curious, but why?” Zulab asked.

    “Ah well, the Civil War had destroyed the monetary system of Georgia. As a local you must have known that besides the cities and urban populace, the country was in utter anarchy. Food was hard to come by and electricity by that point was utterly gone. The Russian intervention has not only restored the stability of the nation, but they have also made the living situation here in our glorious country easier and more proper. For that, I and my sister along with hundreds here are thanking the Russians.”

    “Thank you Ms. Abkhazi.” Zulab thanked and turned back to the camera. “And well, that is all for today here in Georgia. For better or worse, it seems that the Russians have won over the hearts of majority of the Georgian population. President David Tourkhan-Mouravi is going to be have a press conference today regarding the Russian withdrawal of troops.”

    ***


    Washington Journal:-

    Pope John Paul II lambasts President Bush! Calling possible Military Intervention in Iraq, a crime against God.

    November 28th

    With the recent events going on in the Caucasian Mountains, President Bush has publically announced that military intervention in Iraq is ‘on the table’. News of this circulated worldwide yesterday and by the evening, the world’s reaction was tumultuous. NATO obviously supported its American ally, however the Pope, has denounced the option.

    In a public mass yesterday evening in the Sistine Cathedral, Pope John Paul II stated “Mr. President you know my opinion loud and clear. Let’s talk about something else. Every violence, against one or against millions, is blasphemy addressed against the likeness of God.”

    1596958674734.png

    Pope John Paul II

    Similarly, the option for military intervention in Iraq has generated mass anti-war riots all across the world. The Russian intervention in Georgia already created a tense situation, and now with the capability of America going off on her own intervention has rattled everyone in the international stage. German Foreign Secretary Joshka Fischer blatantly point blank told reporters yesterday evening in Berlin “Weapons of Mass Destruction? Excuse me, but I am not convinced.”

    1596958585795.png

    Joshka Fischer.

    Pre-eminent World Leaders have also condemned the option and the passing of the legate in the American Congress. Nelson Mandela, the President of South Africa denounced it stating that ‘All that Mr. Bush and by proxy America wants is Iraqi Oil.’

    Russian President Yavlinsky has also lambasted the option. He and I quote said “Intervention in Georgia was the last option for us. We did what we could to find a proper peaceful solution, however events forced us into intervention. Currently the Iraqi government has already agreed to honor United National Resolution 1441 and disarm their nation alongside observers from neutral states. This doctrine of pre-emptive strikes is not something that is viable at all today. It was once viable until the 19th century, but President Bush must understand that is no longer the case. Every single Iraqi that will die, their faults shall be laid down on your feet. That is not a legacy anyone today wants.”

    President Bush has however protected his stance stating that the military option being on the table is necessary and required for a proper negotiating table with the Iraqis. How this will unfold in the future is unknown.

    Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom had been initially supportive of the option, however with the widespread opposition to this, from the conservatives and the labour party itself, he has stated that the United Kingdom is currently debating on its stance regarding this issue.

    ***

    The Global Times:

    Sierra Leone announces Monarchial Restoration!

    December 7th,

    After the widely popular British intervention in Sierra Leone, the pro-British feelings in Sierra Leone is at an all-time high. The President of Sierra Leone, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, announced on December 6th, that after much consideration and deliberation with the Parliament and the lower house of Sierra Leone, the government has overwhelmingly agreed to restore Sierra Leone within the Commonwealth as a ‘Realm of the Queen’. The British Prime Minister Tony Blair has received this message with open arms calling it ‘an avenue for future expansion and cooperation between the members of the Commonwealth of Nations.’ Personally, Queen Elizabeth II has announced that should the new amendment to the Sierra Leone Constitution be passed through the higher house, then she would be more than delighted for the restoration.

    1596959053298.png

    Sierra Leone's President, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah

    ***

    The Economical Times:

    Russia announces New Infrastructural Deal

    December 28th, 2002

    Russian Minister of Economics, Yevgeny Yasin has announced that Russia is going to implement a new Infrastructural Deal within the construction companies of the nation to upgrade the infrastructure of Russia. In the past few years, the Russian economy has made great strides and leaps forward, however the infrastructural level remains comparatively behind in comparison to other states in the near vicinity. In order to rectify this, a new deal has been implemented. This deal includes tax breaks, incentives and rationalization being offered to Russian construction companies to grant them more incentives to conduct upgrading works in the infrastructural sector of the nation.

    Russia’s infrastructure remains one of the best at least in European Russia, and it is believed that this deal is aimed at Siberia. This deal is thought to create more competition between construction companies, and all in all, it seems that this new deal is the brainchild of Prime Minister Nemtsov, which has been supported by President Yavlinsky. This deal is to be implemented from next year, as the date of the implementation of the common area and free market of the CSTO looms over everyone in Eurasia.

    ***
     

    Attachments

    The Shitstorm hits us all

  • Chapter 13: The Shitstorm hits us all

    ***

    2003 (1)

    ***

    The Diplomat:

    CSTO Reforms Implemented! Free Market Era begins in the East!

    January 1

    The CSTO has now announced that the CSTO Free Market Area and the CSTO Free Movement Area are now activated. This means that the currency being used in the east is now the ‘Ruble’. Unlike the Ukrainian or Russian Ruble, this Ruble is going to be used as the common currency of this free market system with countries such as Yugoslavia, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are all now implementing this scheme. The European Union has recognized this free market system and has stated that they would be open for new trade deals. The CSTO has agreed. Meanwhile the CSTO nations have agreed to meet each other in Odessa, Ukraine a week later from this date to discuss about potential new members. Azerbaijan and Georgia are both nations that are pinning to join the CSTO economic block now, with other countries such as Mongolia and South Ossetia open for negotiations as well. However tensions simmer as the Armenian and Azerbaijani dispute over Nagarno-Karabakh is expected to rise during this summit.

    Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov of the Russian Federation has announced that during this summit, the Russian government would everything it could to provide a middle ground solution for both sides. The Azerbaijan and Armenian governments have responded stating that as long as both country’s interests were kept in order, then they would follow through with any mediation made, and start a new chapter of good relations. No plan has come forward till date. However the mood remains optimistic.

    1597126946052.png

    CSTO summit.

    President Yavlinsky has stated that ‘The situation in Nagarno-Karabakh is a very delicate issue, and it is the hope of the Russian government that during this CSTO summit, the organization will be able to make a permanent decision.’

    We await further news.

    ***

    The New York Times

    Russia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia raise proposal to end Armenian-Azerbaijan Conflict in Conference! Armenia and Azerbaijan debates start!

    January 10

    The Nagarno-Karabakh region has been a hotspot for tensions and war for the past decades, with a proto-war raging on in the area ever since 1988, for 15 years by this point. The Russian government has announced alongside the Yugoslav and Ukrainian government’s a proposal to end the conflict once and for all.

    The Odessa Proposal as it is known proposes the following:-

    • Armenia and Azerbaijan to conduct a population exchange. The Azeris of Nakhchivan to be exchanged for the Armenians of Nagarno-Karabakh.
    • Armenia to buy the Azerbaijani Exclave of Nakhchivan for $250 Million.
    • Armenia to withdraw all troops from Azerbaijani soil.
    • Armenia and Azerbaijan to be subsidized economically by the CSTO for 2 years.
    • Azerbaijan to gain the regions of Berd and Paravakar from Armenia in return for Nakhchivan. These areas have an Azeri plurality.
    • Both sides in the CSTO shall not have the free access agreement extend to each other to keep ethnic tensions at a low state.
    1597126907627.png

    The lands to be given to Azerbaijan.

    The Azerbaijani and Armenian government have shown some amount of trepidation regarding a population exchange however the Estonian government has pointed out towards the recent population exchange of Estonians and Russians between Russia and Estonia in the past few years. The population exchange in the batlics had been largely successful and the Estonian government and the other members of the CSTO have given their support to this proposal. The Armenian and Azerbaijani governments are both in session to discuss this proposal.

    Russian president Yavlinsky has also stated “Should fears of ethnic tensions arise, the Russian armed forces are willing to take over peacekeeping duties in the region until the name the population exchange is over. Our troops shall make sure that violence does not occur and is kept at a minimum.”

    In other news of the summit, it seems that Mongolia and Georgia have agreed to hold referendums on joining the CSTO economic block. The referendums are going to be taken during the middle of the year it seems. The Mongolian government has also announced that they would be willing to join the military block of the CSTO alliance as well. This topic is slated to be brought up in the Belgrade CSTO Summit in July 2002. Georgia has also shown signs of probably maneuvering towards this notion in the future.

    ***

    The Washington Journal

    Armenian National Assembly votes 67-65 in favor of the Odessa Proposal!

    News awaits from Azerbaijan!

    January 12

    ***

    The Moscow Times

    Azerbaijani National Assembly votes 63-62 in favor of Odessa Proposal!

    Diplomatic Channels awaits!

    January 19

    ***

    The Sun:

    Odessa Proposal to be carried through by Armenia and Azerbaijan under the Eyes of the CSTO

    January 23

    The acceptance of the Odessa Proposal has made the news around the world stumble back in shock. According to the spokesperson of the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry, the official notice given is:-

    The Odessa Proposals submitted by Russia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia are perhaps not the ideal solution for either of our nations. However for what it is worth, it is the best solution for both parties involved.

    This seems to be the formal statement of the Azerbaijani government. Rumors come forward that President Heydar Aliyev of Azerbaijan had been opposed to the proposal, however it seems that the parliament and National Assembly of Azerbaijan voted against him and his beliefs marking one of the few times the Azerbaijani government went against the cult of personality made by President Aliyev.

    1597127002383.png

    President Heydar Aliyev of Azerbaijan.

    President Robert Kocharyan of Armenia supported the proposal and the National Assembly voted in favor. The Russian government is now issuing elements of the 58th Army to be sent to Armenia and Azerbaijan to conduct the peacekeeping operations. From all statistics involved, it seems that around 300,000 Azeris will be swapped over for around 260,000 Armenians. This stat is discounting the amount of Armenians and Azeris that will to have to be exchanged from Berd or Nakhchivan.

    1597127128854.png

    Armenian President Robert Kocharyan

    The United Nations are in full support of this proposal as long as it remains peaceful. The American government has raised concerns that the population exchange could lead to ethnic violence at the border, however the CSTO countries have given full assurance that they will not. Overtures are being made to the Turkish and Greek governments to send peacekeeping troops as well as neutral bystanders. The Greek government has accepted this offer, and has pledged around 500 Peacekeeping troops. Turkey has also accepted this offer, however has not disclosed the amount of peacekeeping troops they will be sending. It is expected to be around 1200 troops at maximum.

    The first population exchange is slated to take place on February 10th where around 25,000 are going to be exchanged by both sides from the report released by the CSTO.

    ***

    The Times

    America Invades! Iraq in War!

    February 4th.

    On February 1st, President Bush of the United States of America handed an ultimatum to the Iraqi government demanding Saddam Hussein to resign from power and to allow free elections in Iraq. He has also accused the Iraqi government of having and hiding Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq. Amidst anti-war protests across the world, the ultimatum has a 48 hour time limit attached to it.

    Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom yesterday announced that any invasion wouldn’t be supported by the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom’s bases in the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf would allow re-supply etc to Coalition troops, however would not participate directly. It is rumored that a threat of civil war within the Labour Party itself and the anti-war protests coupled with the Georgian Intervention by Russia and the Iraqi intervention by America forced Prime Minister Blair’s hand. He has advised the Australian government to do the same, however the Australian government has not responded in public to this ‘advice’.

    News has arrived that 36 Tomahawk missiles have landed and devastated parts of Iraq as the 48 hour ultimatum ended. America has begun the Invasion of Iraq alongside some Coalition troops. The World’s Reaction is going to be measured tomorrow as the UN convenes in an emergency meeting in New York tomorrow morning. We will get back to you later on this issue with another article when sufficient information is made public and becomes known.

    1597127203733.png

    Missile attacks on Baghdad. The War in Iraq began.

    ***
     
    Chapter 14: Tensions Erupt Throughout the World
  • Chapter 14: Tensions Erupt Throughout the World

    ***

    The Economic Times: Russian Economy hits $1 Trillion as Russia announces CSTO meeting in response to Invasion of Iraq

    February 5th

    In response to the Invasion of Iraq by the United States of America and the Coalition troops, the Russian Federation has called upon all CSTO members for a summit in Volgagrad today. It seems that these country’s foreign ministers will be meeting each other in Volgagrad, as the leaders of the country’s themselves are en route to New York for the United Nation’s meeting. The Russian Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov made a speech this morning denouncing the American invasion.

    1597303898115.png

    Boris Nemtsov.

    We have no solid evidence that Iraq has WMDs. No other country on the planet and their intelligence agencies have verified this, and America has launched a punitive invasion of Iraq. This is not the 19th century where nations can go to war with other nations as they please. The Russian Federation asks the Coalition troops and the NATO troops to stop this encroachment of another country’s integrity and sovereignty.”

    Russia’s economy has just now hit the $1 trillion mark, and there are fears that the Russian government could cash in more economic relative power from this distraction that America has embroiled itself in. The Russian government has announced a plan called the ‘Relative Acts’, which allows the Republics of Chechnya and Dagestan, both federal republics within Russia, to endorse family visa to citizens of Iraq who are relatives of the Chechens and Dagestanis living in Russia. Already the American Association has announced that around 30,000 Iraqis are eligible for this Relative Act, and that many of them are already being taken out of the country trough Iran.

    The Russian government has also already stated that any economic fallout from the invasion of Iraq, most especially in oil, will be America’s fault and that America will have to pay the world economic forum for it. America has rejected this.

    ***


    New York Tribunal:

    United Nations Security Council in deadlock as China and Russia become locked with America!

    February 6th

    Within the United Nations, the Security Council is in upheaval. News has arrived that the Security Council devolved into polite threats being made at each other. The Russians and the Chinese governments have allied to each other in this matter and have denounced the invasion by the American government. The Chinese government set forward a resolution to make America pull out of Iraq however the move was vetoed by the United States of America and United Kingdom as well.

    The Russian government has warned the American government that any American proposition for Iraq would not be in favor of Russia and that Russia would veto them. The Russian stance has been supported by the People’s Republic of China. The Turkish government has also shown their displeasure with the invasion. The Islamic Republic of Iran has announced general mobilization of their armed forces in case ‘America forgets the boundaries of sovereign nations’. America has condemned this action. However Russia has agreed with this stance of the Iranian government and has announced negotiations with Iran over 150 T-90 main battle tanks, and missiles. America has accused Russia for ‘saber-rattling’.

    1597303944438.png

    American Ambassador to the United Nations.

    ***

    Секретный документ - Российская Федерация.

    Нынешняя ситуация в Ираке больше всего беспокоит национальную безопасность нашей страны. Совершенно очевидно, что с учетом той огневой мощи, которую использовали американцы, у правительства Ирака нет шансов выжить после вторжения смены режима. Разведка ФСБ сообщает нам, что само правительство Соединенных Штатов не совсем уверено в том, что оружие массового уничтожения есть даже в Ираке и Багдаде. Из этого можно сделать вывод, что американское правительство больше озабочено установлением проамериканского правительства в Ираке, чем фактическим обнаружением оружия массового уничтожения - если оно существует, а у нас есть доказательства, чтобы подозревать, что их нет. В лучшем случае мы нашли доказательства того, что химическое оружие действительно существует, однако, какие возможности и какие доказательства еще предстоит проверить. Однако что мы действительно знаем, так это то, что оружие массового уничтожения в тех масштабах, которые Америка поддерживает на общественной арене, - это всего лишь повод для вторжения в нацию, и это не обязательно так.

    Правительство предприняло шаги, чтобы российское вторжение не повредило интересам России в регионе. Мы должны связаться с повстанцами в Ираке, в первую очередь с курдами и восточными иорданцами в восточной сирийской пустыне, и начать снабжать их оружием. С нашей помощью они начнут партизанскую кампанию на низком уровне против американцев и Запада. Старое советское оружие, которое у нас есть в большом количестве, будет продано и передано этим группам для помощи в их кампаниях. Чем дольше американцы закрепляются в Ираке и отвлекаются от всего остального мира, тем больше это приносит пользу нашему делу и нашему народу.

    Что касается наших вооруженных сил, то в настоящее время у нас есть 1 000 000 человек личного состава и около 2 300 000 человек в резерве. Если возникнут какие-либо военные действия, то российские вооруженные силы в настоящее время готовы. Наши танковые и бронетанковые войска модернизированы до танков Т-90. Около 35% танков ограничиваются танками Т-72 и Т-80. Ожидается, что к концу 2005 года они будут заменены на Т-90.

    В общем, это ваши оперативные приказы Агент AA001A78A01.

    - Командный центр 0001A111101101A.

    Translation:-
    Classified Document – Russian Federation.

    The current Situation in Iraq is most concerning for the national security of our nation. It is quite obvious with the amount of firepower the Americans have brought in that the government of Iraq haven’t a chance in order to survive this regime change invasion. FSB intelligence tells us that the government of the United states itself isn’t quite sure that Weapons of Mass Destruction are even there in Iraq and Baghdad. From this, it has been discerned that the American government is more pre-occupied with installing a pro-american government in Iraq rather than actually finding weapon’s of mass destruction – if they exist, which we have evidence to suspect they do not. At most we have found evidence that low does chemical weapons do exist, however to what capability and to what substantiation, is yet to be verified. However what we do know is that the weapons of mass destruction to the scale of which America has espoused on the public arena is a mere casus belli to invade the nation and not necessarily true.

    The government has undertaken steps to make sure that Russian interests in the region aren’t hurt by the Russian invasion. We are to contact the rebels in Iraq, primarily the Kurds and the East Jordanians in the Eastern Syrian Desert and start supplying them with weapons. They shall start a low-level guerilla campaign against the Americans and the west with our aid. Old Soviet weapons which we have multitudes off shall be sold and given to these groups to aid their campaigns. The longer the Americans become entrenched in Iraq and distracted from other worldly, the more beneficial it is to our cause and our nation.

    Regarding our armed forces, we have currently 1,000,000 active personnel and around 2,300,000 reserve personnel. Should any kind of military action become necessary then the Russian armed forces are currently ready. Our tank and armored forces have been upgraded to the T-90 Tanks. Around 35% of the tanks are limited to being T-72 and T-80 tanks. They are expected to be replaced by the T-90 by the end of 2005.

    All in all these are your operational orders Agent AA001A78A01.

    • Command Center 0001A111101101A.


    ***

    The Diplomat:

    The American Government Accuses Russia and China of Funding Iraq with Weapons: President Yavlinsky calls accusation ‘preposterous.’

    February 10

    As the American War in Iraq grows in scope and in size, the American government has accused the Russian government and the Chinese government of supplying the Iraqi Army. Ari Fleisher, the spokesperson of the American President has blamed the Russian and Chinese government for the recent failures of the American forces to advance properly. The American troops in Basra are quickly becoming bogged down in the region, and the hand held anti-aircraft missile systems of the Iraqis have made the American Invasion slow down to a crawl and urban fighting, which the Iraqi army with experience form Iran have ample experience in doing.

    1597303983930.png

    Ari Fleisher accusing Russia and China.

    The Russian Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov has given a speech in the state Duma of the Russian Federation regarding this accusation. He has stated that ‘The American war in Iraq which has taken the lives of hundreds and thousands of Iraqi civilians is a warcrime and she must be brought before the International Court of Justice. Be the proprietor be Pax Americana or Pax Somalia, every nation must be held accountable for their actions, and the actions committed by the American nation, now extending the blames of their failures to us, must be held accountable, lest we allow one nation dictate what other countries do.’

    The Chinese government has also denied accusations from the American government about supplying Iraq. The Chinese government has retaliated by announcing that should Chinese embassies or diplomats be bombed to death again, like the intervention in Yugoslavia, then the Chinese retaliation would ‘not be in the interests of America or China’. The government of America has not reacted to this in a good manner, and the fears of confrontation over the Taiwan Question. The Russian government has announced in retaliation that they are going to be conducting a military exercise with the Chinese and Mongolians with around 150,000 Russian troops going to partake in this exercise. The Chinese have announced that 200,000 Chinese troops will take part in this exercise and the Mongolians have announced that 10,000 Mongolian troops will take part in this exercise. This exercise has been dubbed Zapad – 100, and will take place in Vladivostok next week. Apparently this will be used to see the readiness of Russian and Chinese Troops in the area with such short notices.

    1597304045635.png

    Russian tanks being transferred for the Wargames with China and Mongolia.

    The Russian and Chinese governments have also issued warnings to America to not blame without evidence. This has been regarded as a subtle snub that any evidence of weapons of mass destruction have not been found in Iraq.

    ***
     
    Chapter 15: Interim and Socio-Cultural Development.

  • Chapter 15: Interim and Socio-Cultural Development.

    ***

    The New York Times:

    Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia buys permanent property in Russia as Russian conservatism is on the rise.


    February 28th.

    Thomas Holmes


    Russia has been on the headlines and the media quite a lot in the past decade. Coupled with the Collapse of the Soviet Union, the Yeltsin Era, the Oligarchy Era, the first Yavlinsky Presidency, the CSTO etc, Russia has come up a lot in recent times and for good reason. Their newfound economic success has been called the ‘Russian Economical Miracle’ comparing it with the growing Chinese Economic model whom President Yavlinsky has unabashedly stated is his model and inspiration.

    However despite all of these events going on in the Russophone world, the question arises, how is Russian culture evolving in the modern day 21st century? For all intents and purposes Russian culture had been frozen from between 1922-1991 when nationalism was scrapped in favor for communitarian nationalism that Communism in its most extreme form begets. However that doesn’t mean that the Russian culture hasn’t stood strong. Under Yeltsin, there were some overtures for the Russians to start reinvigorating their culture, however due to the economic upheaval of the era, it was largely ignored. However under President Yavlinsky the Russian culture has been experiencing a re-growth which some people and sociologists are calling a ‘Re-Renaissance Period.’ President Yavlinsky who has enjoyed massive popularity amongst the Russian populace has been pioneering the way forward with Russian socio-cultural development.

    Under him, the Russian Orthodoxy Act, the Russian Nationalism Act, the Russian Culture Education Act etc have all been passed through the State Duma and all of them encourage Russian nationalism and patriotism. However in order to be careful, the government has also implemented a slight warning tone in their efforts to cultivate nationalism. They regard nationalism as inherent and needed for the country to thrive, however have also placed warnings that ultra-nationalism is the root cause of many of modern day problems. Thus in this manner, the Russian government has managed to more or less create a moderate nationalistic and extremely patriotic society in the past decade.

    Now we move forward into Religion. Whilst throughout the other parts of Europe, the numbers of attendees in Churches seem to be lowering and growing smaller everyday, it seems to be quite the opposite in Russia. Under the Russian Nationalism Act, the government has placed heavy emphasis on religion. They have defined Orthodoxy has having been one of the driving factors of Russian history (and this is true from all viewpoints after 1453) and have since this encourage pietism and moderate religiousity. This has been for all intents a slow success. In 2000, Churches in Russia balloted a 1.3% increase annually, in 2001, they noted a 1.5% increase from 2000, in 2002 they noted a 1.7% increase from 2001, and this year it seems they have noted a growth of around 1.8%.

    1597486507785.png

    A Russian Woman praying in an Orthodox Church in Pskov.

    Yesterday I had the good fortune of meeting with my Russian correspondent Vladimir Nikolaivich. He and I spoke for quite the tract of time, and he is a well known atheist among his friend circle. However even then he has admitted that he is a regular attendee of the Church during Church days. For this he has answered and I quote “The recent situation on the ground here in Russia is that you do not have to believe in god, but believe in your national spirit, and your history of which the Orthodox Church is an inexplicable part of. Thus many Russian Atheists, like me, still attend the Church and probably why the numbers are increasing every year. Not only are there actual theists there but atheists like me as well.”

    This is the case everywhere in Russia today. This has led to a growth of what sociologists call ‘Conservative-Liberalism’. This ideology espouses adherence to conservative views whilst remaining liberal on certain views such as LGBT, same sex etc. Indeed there has been a large growing movement for LGBT rights to be fully implemented in Russia, whilst also remaining in full adherence to the Russian traditions.

    Even in non-Russian plurality republics like in Dagestan, Chechnya and Tuva, Russian nationalism is catching on pretty quickly, with dual language seemingly becoming very popular even in some of the rural areas.

    Whilst all of this is going on, Grand Duchess Maria, the current claimant and most legitimate claimant to the defunct Russian Throne has renounced her French and Spanish citizenship and has instead finally been approved for a full Russian citizenship by the government including her son, who has been styled as Prince of Russia or Tsarevich. This has led to an anomaly in Russian society. Recent surveys have concluded that there are around 35% of the population who would actively support a restoration, and around 20% who would not be ‘opposed to it’. In fact the Prime Minister of Russia, Boris Nemtsov is an outspoken monarchist who has openly stated that a referendum on the ‘monarchical’ situation should happen. This situation developed further when King Alexander III of Yugoslavia was restored to the Yugoslav throne a few years earlier. Anton Burakov, a prominent MP of the Russian State Duma has also voiced his support for a restoration. The First President of the Belarusian Republic within the Russian Federation, Alexander Lukashenko has also stated that he would be amenable to a proper restoration.

    1597486567685.png

    Grand Duchess Maria Romanov of Russia.

    President Yavlinsky himself is another matter. He has not been opposed to a restoration, however has stated that “I am neutral in my views towards restoration. I neither support it or oppose it. You have to understand I was born in an era when the Soviets thoroughly tried to discredit monarchial systems, even democratic ones like that off the British, Benelux, Swedish kingdoms etc. Therefore my views in this matter may be skewed. However should the Russian people support a popular restoration, I would happily become the Prime Minister of a new Czar or Czarina.”

    This has of course led to widespread conspiracy theories within the country stating that Russia will restore their monarchy. I also had the pleasant surprise to be able to interview the Grand Duchess yesterday. She and I had a lovely meeting.

    She told me that she would not want to be restored without a referendum, stating that doing so would be dubious and not at all in the wishes of the Russian community and has stated that she would only take the throne should the people vote in favor of it by a margin of 60%. However she does say she has hope stating the facts given out by statistical reports which show a gradual upward swing in favor of a restoration, though she has made her intention clear that she would want to be restored only to a Constitutional Monarchy and was prepared to even scrap the title ‘Autocrat of All Russia’ stating that this particular title was an upfront to all the normal Russians who had died in the name of Czars and Czarinas.

    We do not know what the future holds, however it is undoubtedly going to be an interesting one as ‘Conservative-Liberalism’, Religiousity, and Monarchical support start to grow slowly in Russia.

    ***

    The Sun:

    WAR IN DARFUR! SUDAN ERUPTS INTO WAR! RUSSIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENSE GIVES WORLD SHATTERING NEWS!


    March 12

    The country of Sudan erupts into war as the people of Darfur have risen up against the Sudanese government and have stated that their permanent end goal is full independence. The Sudanese Armed Forces have been ill-equipped to fully be able to oppose these rebels, and yesterday in a summit in Damascus, the President of Russia, Grigory Yavlinsky has announced that he and the Sudanese government have reached an arms sale agreement. This arms sale agreement is to include around 30,000 Assault Rifles, 4 million ammunition, short range missiles, 200 AFVs, and around 50 T-72 Tanks. This has been criticized by the opposition in Sudan for being too heavy handed an arms deal, however the scale in which the War in Darfur has erupted has made the deal seem necessary and thus the opposition to the deal seems to be largely benign and not there at all.

    1597486639221.png

    Darfur Rebels in Sudan.

    However the Russian Ministry of Defense has released an all-out earth shattering news to the world. It is known throughout the world that there are two main fifth generation fighter programs out there. The first being the American F-22 Project and the second being the Russian SM-Boggrom project.

    The Russian Ministry of Defense has stated that by mid-2005 a full squadron of operational SM-Boggroms would be delivered to the Russian Air Force and would be commissioned into service. The Russian government has heralded this as the new age of Russian avionics. Not only is this news already earth shattering, the Russian Air Force has now commissioned two squadrons of a totally new class of warplanes.

    The Sukhoi-47 has entered service in the Russian Air Force, and has been praised for it’s high maneuverability and high speed attack velocity which makes it a fearsome opponent in the skies. Around 12 of these planes are operational in the Russian Air Force at the moment, and the Russian Ministry of Defense has stated that around 600 of these beasts of the skies will be bought for the Russian Air Force by 2009, partly to replace some aging fleets of the Air Force and partly to add new numbers to the Russian air fleet as well.

    1597486732953.png

    Sukhoi-47.

    Sukhoi-47 General Characteristics:-
    • Crew: 1
    • Length: 22.6 m (74 ft 2 in)
    • Wingspan: 16.7 m (54 ft 9 in)
    • Height: 6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)
    • Wing area: 56 m2 (600 sq ft)
    • Airfoil: 5%
    • Gross weight: 25,670 kg (56,593 lb)
    • Max takeoff weight: 34,000 kg (74,957 lb)
    • Powerplant:2 × Aviadvigatel PS-30F6 afterburning turbofan engines, 93.1 kN (20,900 lbf) thrust each engines with 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional thrust-vectoring nozzles planned for testing. dry, 153 kN (34,000 lbf) with afterburner
      • Maximum speed: 2,200 km/h (1,400 mph, 1,200 kn) / M2.21 at altitude
    • 1,400 km/h (870 mph; 760 kn) / M1.12 at sea level
      • Range: 3,300 km (2,100 mi, 1,800 nmi)
      • Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,000 ft)
      • g limits: +9
      • Rate of climb: 233[6] m/s (45,900 ft/min)
      • Wing loading: 607 kg/m2 (124 lb/sq ft) max (approx.)
    • 458 kg/m2 (94 lb/sq ft) normal (approx.)
      • Thrust/weight: 0.92 max take-off weight
    • 1.21 normal take-off weight



    NATO Supreme Allied Commander in Europe James L. Jones has stated that the new aerial drive of the Russian military could hamper NATO operations in Europe and has stated that the nations of NATO must be able to meet such challenges head on.

    1597486780335.png

    James L. Jones.

    ***

    The Times of Ankara:

    VIETNAM 2.0? CERTAINLY LOOKS LIKE IT!


    March 29th.

    The current situation in Iraq is absolutely unenviable for the Americans. The American military has been recently caught up in a massive guerilla campaign all across the Iraqi nation. American paratroopers have been savagely killed and the American Armed Forces only hold Basra securely. The Iraqi regime in Baghdad hold the rest of the country barring Basra province with an iron grip. It seems that the dictator in Baghdad had been storing a multitude of weapons ranging from old Soviet weapons to old American weapons and ammunition in his country and this invasion of his nation has galvanized nationalistic support to his regime from the normal Iraqi people.

    The American government has been quiet about the amount of troops of theirs that have been killed however Washington has stated that around 40,000 new troops will be sent to Iraq to ostensibly reinforce the Iraqi front. Suspicious reports have stated that around 900 to 2000 American troops have perished in the sand dunes of Iraq.

    1597486887220.png

    American Reinforcements in Iraq.

    The American government has been quick to push the blame. They have blamed the Kurdish rebels for not siding with them first and foremost. It seems that Hussein has cut a deal with the Kurds which will grant them almost Catalonia and Scotland esque autonomy within Iraq, which has satisfied the majority of the Kurds. The American government has shifted blame to the Syrian government and Iranian government as well for supplying Iraq with weapons.

    Last month the American government blamed China and Russia for supplying weapons to the regime in Baghdad, however both Moscow and Beijing have made it clear that they haven’t and any such accusations without proof were unbecoming of America. In this matter Senator John Kerry has been in agreement with china and Russia. Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts who was the running mate of Al Gore in 2000, has been opposed to this war and has stated that the government should leave repeatedly. He has stated that ‘America has no position to ask the Iraqis to do themselves in, and we are in no position to pursue a new Vietnam halfway across the world.’

    1597486825137.png

    Senator John Kerry.

    It is unknown how things will develop, however President Bush has dismissed claims from Senator Kerry and other Senators who fear a new Vietnam. President Bush has stated that ‘These are at most a few roadblocks. When we hit roadblocks we just swerve around and take a route that takes at most an extra five minutes.’

    This quote from the president has been heavily criticized.

    ***
     
    Last edited:
    Chapter 16: The Situation on the ground
  • Chapter 16: The Situation on the ground

    ***

    April 11th, 2003


    أمريكا تستولي على بغداد! إعلان انتهاء الحرب في العراق!

    Mustafa Ashghar clenched his hands as he watched the news on the television. He was the son of a rich wealthy merchant here in Tikrit, and was one of the few who could afford televisions, however yet, anger bubbled underneath the surface.

    He glanced towards the broken window of his house as he heard the swerving move of a fighter plane. The Americans seemed to be delighting in the destruction of another country; and his anger only seemed to grow. He clenched his teeth. His father had been the most respected man in Tikrit, and yet when bombs of America fell on their city, it discriminated no one. His father had died and his mother had been disfigured for life.

    Anger unlike anything else had gripped him as he watched American troops enter the city unopposed as his fellow Iraqis could nothing else but simply sit back and watch in horror unable to do anything. He started to growl as his sister entered the room. Fatima was no longer the beautiful sister he once knew. War had claimed her husband in Basra and the bombs that killed father and disfigured mother had made a permanent mental scar on Fatima’s psyche. She was quiet, no longer the boisterous woman she once was, she was timid, no longer the outgoing woman that she was, she was always shivering as if remembering the bombs that befell her, no longer the carefree woman that she once was.

    “Fatima.” Mustafa murmured as she entered the room. Fatima knelt down and put a cup of water and some dates on a plate. Mustafa was thankful to Allah. Whilst many of his Iraqi brethren suffered from hunger, at least his family had some sort of asset with which they could afford amenities like food.

    Murmuring a small prayer to Him Mustafa began to eat the dates. Fatima simply stared into empty space. Mustafa couldn’t help but feel a twinge of anger and sadness as he saw the sorry state of his sister.

    “Fatima.” He murmured. “How is the situation within the city?”

    “Bad.” Fatima murmured back. “The Americans won’t admit of course, but there have been rumors of beatings, thefts, and even rapes. Some say revenge for the early defeats of the American troops in Basra.”

    “How many Americans were killed in the invasion?” Mustafa asked softly as he bit into another date.

    “The television says 1672 soldiers.” Fatima murmured.

    Rage filled Mustafa when he heard that. Thousands, maybe even a hundred thousand had died in Iraq due to the invasion and 1672 was the maximum amount of casualties they could inflict on the Americans? Gritting his teeth, Mustafa kept his mouth shut and simply bit aggressively into his dates. For the past 22 years, Mustafa had seen and known nothing but war. The Iraq-Iran War, the Kuwait War, and now this. And the danger of all was starting to creep into his mind.

    Fatima stood up and left the room after his plates of dates had finished, presumably to bring some more dates back. Mustafa simply stared at the television screen with anger whilst gulping some drops of water from his glass.

    Later that evening, his friend Ibrahim Fadel came to visit Mustafa during the evening. Ibrahim sat down in front of him in the guest room as Mustafa stared at him Ibrahim in trepidation.

    “Ibrahim what is it that you want?” Mustafa asked angrily.

    “Is that how you speak with your old friend Saheb?” Ibrahim smiled. “Nevertheless, I only came here to check up on my old friend. How are you holding up from all of this Mustafa?”

    “Badly.” Mustafa murmured. “We have humiliated by heathens, and our loved ones have died! And now they dare, they dare! They steal, beat and rape as they please on our soil. Can we do nothing?!”

    “America is the greatest country in this world.” Ibrahim pointed out.

    “It is not!” Mustafa cried. “The country that killed off all it’s indigenous population to be a mere shadow of its former self, the country that backed hundreds of genocidal regimes and civil wars, the country that has no morals or qualms in throwing their allies, we were once their allies against Iran don’t forget, under the bus, is by no measure the greatest country in this world!”

    “Quite the ferocious speech there my friend.” Ibrahim simply stated as he looked at Mustafa. “Yes, what you say is true, however America’s military might is currently unchallenged. Only Russia and China come close, and they too by a far margin.”

    Mustafa slumped down. “What can we do then? This is our country. It is our dignity. We have done nothing wrong this time. I can understand Kuwait grudgingly, but what have we done now?”

    “Apparently we have nukes stored in the country.” Ibrahim replied dryly.

    “Yes, and America would dare to invade a country with nukes.” Mustafa remarked snidely.

    “Exactly the point.” Ibrahim pointed out.

    “Yeah yeah I get it. So they invaded us just for the sake of it?”

    “No.” Ibrahim shook his head. “Don’t you get it my friend? There are two reasons why. They got rid of a global competitor for influence in Arabia. And they also got rid of an Islamic Regime.”

    “What has He got to do with this?” Mustafa frowned confused.

    “Don’t you get it?” Ibrahim cried out in a small voice. “Of course it has everything to do with Him! Americans, they are Christians! And unlike the Europeans who mellowed with age, the Americans are radicals in Christianity, surely you have heard about the Klu Klux Klan?”

    “Yes I have.” Mustafa nodded reluctantly.

    “These Americans…..they have no respect for us Moslems. They want to eradicate us see?” Ibrahim murmured.

    “Eradicate Moslems?” Mustafa asked incredulously. “Impossible. There are over a billion of us!”

    “Ah, but the process starts now don’t it? Why is it that a Christian donation fund from the Americans have opened up right across the street as the American troops swoop in?”

    “They want to convert us?”

    “That is presumably…..their plan.”

    “Heresy! They have waged war on us, destroyed our national heritage and pride, and now they seek to take our religion from us?” Mustafa cried as he felt some tears prick his eyes.

    “It is a shame.” Ibrahim shook his head. He stuck his hand in his pocket and passed a paper to him. “If you want to help the…….cause, come see us.”

    “Ibrahim?” Mustafa frowned. “What is this?”

    “You’ll know.”

    Mustafa peered at the paper later and read:


    الله أكبر. العراق رائع



    Mustafa clenched his hands and stood up. He looked at Ibrahim and nodded. Ibrahim smiled and said “Follow me then.”

    ***

    “Dimitri, how goes the situation in Iraq?”

    “Sir! We have around 60,000 Assault Rifles from the Soviet Era along with twice the usage ammunitions ready to be departed to Iraq.”

    “Good, good. Have the Kurds and the Iraqi militias agreed to take them from our…..ah….third party reporter?”

    “Yes sir. They have agreed. In fact the Iraqis have vowed to throw the Americans out of Iraq and erm…..destroy the American civilization. Their words sir, not mine.”

    “I get it. These Middle Easterners and Arabs are very emotional. That’s good. We can use that to our advantage.”

    “Sir what are the orders of the president?”

    “Operation 1A1 is to commence immediately agent.”

    “Authorization sir?”

    “Here.”

    “………Seems good. Director Putin has also signed the decree. Very well. These weapons are suddenly and mysteriously going to find their hands on Iraqis.”

    “Good. And make sure to get all the intel you can from the Americans. Don’t mind playing a few games here and there as well. Give those americans a taste of their own medicine will you?”

    “Of course sir. I shall…….delight in it.” A Feminine voice came out.

    ***


    IRAQ IN INSURGENCY! A WEEK AFTER AMERICA CLAIMED VICTORY, KURDS AND IRAQIS HAVE RISEN UP IN INSURGENCY! 39 AMERICAN TROOPS KILLED CONFIRMED!

    ****
    1597656724047.png

    Iraqi Insurgents.


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    Last edited:
    Letter from Mustafa to Fatima.
  • الله هو القادر على كل شيء. الله أكبر. إنه يغفر لنا كل الذنوب التي نرتكبها ، لئلا يضلنا الوثنيون والذين يقتلوننا دون تفكير. لقد قتلنا الأمريكيون ، وقتلونا ، وعذبونا ، ودمّروا أراضينا. لقد أعلنوا الحرب على شعبنا وديننا وهويتنا الوطنية. لا يمكن السماح لهذا بالبقاء ولن نسمح له بالبقاء. الله أكبر! العراق عظيم! يعيش الله! يعيش العراق!

    أولئك الذين لا يؤمنون يأتون لتشويه سمعتنا ، ويأخذون حياتنا منا. لقد أرادوا إبادتنا ، ومع ذلك فنحن نقف بقوة. لن يموت دين مكة والمدينة العظيم. لقد ضلنا طريقنا ولن يموت أيضا شعب العراق العظيم أحفاد السومريين. سوف نستمر في المقاومة ومواصلة القتال. لن ننهي هذا القتال حتى نتحرر من كل طغيان مسيحي.

    يدعو الرب جنوده النبلاء على الأرض أن يفعلوا أمره. لقد انتظرنا طويلا بما فيه الكفاية. حان وقت الجهاد! لن نفشل في واجبنا المقدس. هذا الحق الذي منحنا إياه الإله العظيم الله سيكون حقًا سيُسجّل في التاريخ باعتباره أعظم عمل يرتكبه المسلمون في جميع أنحاء العالم. لن نتوقف حتى تلاحظ الحضارة الأمريكية أكثر من أنقاض تدخين في الجزء الغربي من الكوكب! هذا ما شاء الله وما يشاء نطيعه!

    - مصطفى محاربكم الفخور للعراق والله
     
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