Reverse Cold War 2.0

Original ideas for *France:
-Expansionist Military Junta under de Gaulle
-Napoleonic Romanticist *Fascist Regime
-Monarcho-*Fascist Regime
-Revanchist Illiberal Presidential Republic
Original ideas for *France:
-Expansionist Military Junta under de Gaulle
-Napoleonic Romanticist *Fascist Regime
-Monarcho-*Fascist Regime
-Revanchist Illiberal Presidential Republic
Don't know what you mean here. I depicted France as a mix(?) of the second and third under Brazier...

Could you threadmark my latest posts?
Don't know what you mean here. I depicted France as a mix(?) of the second and third under Brazier...

Could you threadmark my latest posts?
These were beta versions of what *France could have been until I decided that the leader of *France would be a *Fascist Frankish Restorationist

Also, I kinda view Brazier as anti-Monarchist, hence why the AF is included in the parties in the *French Government.
German Political Parties

Parties and politics in Germany
On Parties, Lists and Alliances

The German parliament is called Bundestag and is, in proportion to population and area, the largest in the world. 1443 representatives are only surpassed by the parliaments of Spain (which only convenes every two or three years as most governing is done at the regional or even a lower level) and, surprisingly, ultra-authoritarian Liberia and Aksum.
Electing it - as is done every six years - is a complicated process. Not necessarily for the electorate itself, but from outside it looks quite complicated and takes more than a full day as polling stations are open twelve hours on election day - from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time. As German lands span many timezones, polling stations are open somewhere around the world for most of a full day.

Who do you elect?
Strictly speaking, you elect with your first vote an individual candidate in your district (Wahlkreis) - who mostly belongs to a party, but can also be an independent (which is somewhat more freuqnt than in OTL Germany) and with your second vote a state-level (landesweite) party list. Your third or "substitute vote" (Ersatzstimme) is a vote for a party, too, but only takes effect if the party you voted for with the second vote doesn't make the 2,5 % federal threshold.
Parties run separately, however, they are allowed to (rarer) run a unified list or (more common) form alliances (Bündnisse) with each other. Although alliances can be dissolved or membership in them terminated (mostly) at will, several alliances have become so customary that they are percieved as unified lists or even as a single party by most German voters.

Interestingly, every party is allowed to run a separate list - equivalent to a state-level list - for German expatriates and for certain recognised national minorities. While most parties run a German expatriate list, only few parties run a special list for one or more national minorities. Parties who exclusively run such lists are exempt from the 2,5 % threshold to enter parliament.

The firm alliances:

Vereint - Sozial - Demokratisch
(United - Social - Democratic)

A social democratic alliance of parties. Many of its parties were founded when the formation of parties was re-legalised in 1925.​
  • SPD - Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany): The SPD, basically as we know it. But not completely so: It was banned after the successful Kapp Putsch of 1920, but refounded in time for the 1928 election - where it only got 24,7 % of the vote though. Its firsst success on a national level came when Kurt Schumacher was elected chancellor in 1947, just months after the end of World War II. The SPD is moving to the centre-left ever since, which cost voters... but in recent years, the SPD and the alliance VSD enjoyed increasing success again. Ezekias Kiriakou has been the first SPD chancellor since Annemarie Renger.​
  • HAP - Hanseatische Arbeiterpartei (Hanseatic Workers' Party): When the SPD moved to the centre and became a centre-left instead of a clearly left-wing party during the 1980s and early 1990s, several traditionally left-wing workers, concentrated in the north of Germany (especially in many formerly Hanseatic cities and their agglomerations), splintered from the SPD and formed this somewhat more left-wing, but still firmly social democratic, party in 1994. It is customary, but not legally required, that no SPD candidates are put up for election in electoral districts (Wahlbezirke) where HAP candidates run. There have been exceptions though, and sometimes, the HAP is even blamed for other, mainly liberal, parties or alliances being able to gain direct electoral district seats and mayorships in formerly Hanseatic cities.​
  • BAP (Bayrische Arbeiterpartei): With the experience of revolutionary uprisings and short-lived "council republics" (Räterepubliken) in Munich and other cities - and Bavaria being very conservative generally - the BAP is, at least socially (and partly even economically) significantly more conservative than the SPD (let alone the HAP). This social conservatism especially shows in areas like immigration policy, climate change policy and technology policy. And the conservative streak extends into the Baden and Württemberg chapters (Landesverbände) of the SPD, even though neither of them are part of the BAP.​
  • SPÖ - Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs: Though some may think that this is not much more than the Austrian Landesverband of the SPD, this is not the case. The SPÖ is not only legally independent from the SPD - as are most Austrian parties - but also just as socially conservative as the BAP (some would claim: even more so). Economically though, they are more in line with the left of the SPD or even the HAP than the rather centrist line of the BAP.​
  • H - HaPo'el (The Worker):

Freiheit und Demokratie
(Freedom and Democracy)

Arguably the most successful alliance of parties - at least since the late 1970s/mid-1980ss is an alliance of liberal democratic parties. Their unifying element is economic as well as social liberalism including moderate progressivism and openness to new technologies, to startups and innovations - as well as to immigration (in most cases) and European and/or Atlantic cooperation. Some of them even advocate full-scale supranational union.
Parties in this alliance are also secular and unaffiliated to any religion. They differ mainly in how much state intervention into Germany's market economy they see fit, with the biggest parties in this alliance preferring classical liberalism or even social liberalism. The spectrum reaches outright minarchism and Objectivism on the other "end" of the alliance...​
  • RSL - Radikal Sozial Liberal (Radically Socially Liberal):
  • M - Die Moderate (Moderates):
  • MF - Les Moderats (Franco-Moderates):
  • UP - Umiarkowany Partia (Polish Moderate Party):
  • MPÖ - Moderate Partei Österreichs (Moderate Party of Austria):
  • LZ/A - Liberale Zukunft/Atid (Liberal Future/"Future"):
  • Concordia - Die Europapartei (Concordia - European Party):
  • D79 - Demokraten79 (Democrats '79):
  • PFE - Partei Freies Eigentum (Free Property Party):
  • Freiheit21 (Liberty21):

Einheit - Fortschritt - Zukunft
(Unity - Progress - Future)

The youngest alliance, only founded in 1973 (with some parties even younger), contains technocratic, modernist, meritocratic and even stratocratic parties. It is generally considered right-wing despite several of its member parties coming with policies which could also be considered centre-left or even left wing at least on some fields.
Tenets of the parties in this alliance can be quite different, however, they remain united by their secular outlook and embracing technology and modernity, as well as by their rather pro-Japanese bloc foreign policy.
  • DZP/NM - Deutsche Zukunftspartei/Nachhaltige Moderne (German Future Party/Sustainable Modernity):
  • KERN - Kernforschungspartei (Nuclear Research Party)
    • BGLV - Bewegung Gesundheit und Lebensverlängerung (Movement (for) Health and Life Extension):
  • THU - Trans- und Posthumanistische Union (Trans- and Posthumanist Union):
  • PED - Partei der Einheit Deutschlands (Party of/for German Unity):
  • VP - Vernunftspartei (Party of Reason):
Bündnis für Deutschland
(League for Germany)

This alliance is conservative in nature. The nature of this conservatism can vary - from secular to religiously conservative, for example - but conservatism (social conservatism especially) and economically liberal to conservative policies are a staple. They are also commonly associated with civic and inclusive nationalism and patriotism, while further-right nationalist positions are mostly relegated to the Patriotic Club. Some positions can also be considered ultraconservative, religiously fundamentalist (like in some of the more Christian parties) or outdated like constitutional monarchism or some forms of traditional agroconservatism.
Its conservatism makes the League one of the stablest alliances of the nation - and one of the most successful. Splinter parties are rarely seen and if, they are ejected from the alliance. However, since the mid-1980s, the liberal alliance "Freedom and Democracy" has somewhat overtaken this conservative alliance of parties.
  • Z - Zentrum (Centre Party): The Centre Party is a different party than it was in the 1920s. A party for Catholics back then, it has become a generally christian democratic party in the centre of the political spectrum. At least economically. Socially, it still remains conservative and to the rght of centre.​
  • DVP - Deutsche Volkspartei (German People's Party): This party has of course evolved, but it still is the centre-right, secular, socially conservative and economically market liberal party it was in the 1920s. And although their support and success has decreased in recent decades, the DVP is still one of the nation's largest and most popular parties.​
  • DL - Deutscher Likud (German Likud):
  • R - Republikanische Partei (Republican Party):
  • PR - Polnisch-Republikanische Partei
  • FK - Freiheitlich-Konservative (Free Conservatives):
  • DLFB - Deutscher Land- und Forstbund (German Farm and Forest Association):

Vaterländischer Verein
(Patriotic Club/Association)

One of the old alliances, but one of the earliest to fall from success, too, this is an alliance of nationalist to ultra-nationalist parties, including some irredentist or even outright expansionist streaks. Regionally, parties in or affiliated to this alliance have celebrated successes in recent years, and they also have a constant albeit small presence in the Bundestag. But in recent years, these successes have been built on anti-immigrant policies, climate change denialism or other types of spurious or disinformation and on appealing to disenchanted to enraged voters more than on actual irredentism or expansionist nationalism.
  • K2000 - Konservative 2000 (Conservatives 2000)
  • NHT-DNSB - Natur, Heimat, Tradition - Deutscher Naturschutzbund (Nature, Homeland, Tradition - German Association for Nature Protection)
  • DNVP - Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National People's Party)
  • PVU - Preußische Vaterlandsunion (Prussian Fatherland Union):
  • VBB - Vereinigung Besorgter Bürger (Union of Concerned Citizens):
  • PNA - Partei Nationaler Arbeiter (Party of National(ist) Workers):
  • NFP - Nationalfreiheitliche Partei (National Free Party):

... and beyond?
Vereinigung der Arbeiterparteien (VAP)
(Union of Workers' Parties)

The unstable alliance of the far-left:

The far-left parties, i.e. those to the left of the SPD, preached revolution as the way to achieve a workers' state, a commune-based government like in Spain, an anarchist union, a dictatorship of the proletariat or another form of ergatocracy (i.e. government by the workers). Most can agree on Karl Marx, but agreements end there. By now, these parties are mostly considered fringe - but some do have a considerable voter base at least regionally. The alliance could be as firm as the four firm alliances above, were it not for the tendency of the far-left to splinter over major or minor ideological differences and/or accusing each other of revisionism.

  • KPD - Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (Communist Party of Germany): The original communist party of Germany and - according to the Constitutional Court of Germany (Verfassungsgericht in Frankfurt)- the one and only party entitled to the abbreviation KPD. Banned after the Kapp Putsch and relegalised only after the war in 1947, it never recovered and never regained its voter base from 1919 - especially as the Bolsheviks/Leninists in Russia were crushed and are by now not quite a footnote of history, but a topic just briefly covered in grammar schools, about which you have to inform yourself in more detail or study history or a similar subject (e.g. political science with a focus on the far-left) if you want to learn more. In the 1950s, the KPD tried to cooperate with syndicalist trade unions, but to no avail as figures like August Thalheimer, Erich Mielke, Ernst Niekisch and the Strasser brothers preached vanguard party-based communism. By now, the KPD is mainly known among law students for the above-mentioned legal proceedings (KPD-Entscheidung = "KPD verdict/decision"), but otherwise is associated with Bolshevism, more specifically National Bolshevism, and finds almost no support.
  • UDGB - Unabhängiger Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (Independent German Trade Union Federation): In 1956, when August Thalheimer and Erich Mielke were once again reelected as joint Secretaries General of the KPD, the syndicalist faction split from the KPD and proposed an America-type "democratic revolution" for Germany. It had a rather small, but stable support base among German industrial workers and in works' councils (Betriebsräte), but with the fall of the UASWR (Union of American Syndical Workers' Republics), this support base has dwindled. Those who want to see British Syndicalism implemented in Germany still elect this party.
  • KPD-EP - Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands - Einheitspartei (Communist Party of Germany - Unity Party): A fringe party supporting the pre-1970 form of Japanese meritocrat/militarist communism. Commonly percieved as even stranger tankies (the term ITTL refers to parties or party members who supported the costly UASWR interventions in Morocco and Mexico) than the KPD.
  • FGV - Freie Gewerkschaftsvereine (Free Trade Unions' Associations): This party wants to implement an anarcho-syndicalist form of socialism in Germany, much like how the Spanish government works. As Spain is mostly democratic and a positively fascinating example of a system of government to some, this is the second-most-supported party within the alliance. Anarchosyndicalism is sometimes percieved as a dangerous system or ideology by right-wingers, however, few would say the FGV are tankies. Most parties in the alliance Freedon and Democracy, i.e. right into the centre of the political spectrum, respect Spain's way of granting many freedoms to its citizens - even though they might prefer the systems of Texas, New Hampshire or even Katanga.
  • USPD-AL - Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands - Alternative Links (Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany - Left Alternative):
Parties outside of alliances:

These parties are mostly either a) too fringe or extreme for any of the alliances or b) single-issue or very specialised parties, for example national minority parties. Not all parties are anathema though, not even regarding participation in governments.
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Since I picture this timeline to be generally eco-modernist and technology to be somewhat more advanced than OTL, what would you think if I incorporate at least some of these seaflooding projects on the map?

Also, aren't there basemaps with these new lakes/seas already?
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I always imagined the West African meritocratic/technocratic states to be TTLs Asian Tigers. Just last night, I realised I need a Singapore equivalent - and I thought of placing it in Dakar. What do you think of an illiberal technocratic city state in Dakar? Maybe with a revision of the *Israel situation, too, and with adding some of the Saharan lakes?
What would you think of Switzerland being divided in a Velvet Divorce like OTL Czechoslovakia (yes, this would also mean Switzerland once was syndicalist - parts of it may still be) and of France having no Mediterranean coastline? I think the Reverse Cold War works somewhat better with a large(r) West France...
What would you think of Switzerland being divided in a Velvet Divorce like OTL Czechoslovakia (yes, this would also mean Switzerland once was syndicalist - parts of it may still be) and of France having no Mediterranean coastline? I think the Reverse Cold War works somewhat better with a large(r) West France...
That could work, and definitely makes sense, as Switzerland most likely lost Romandy to the NatCols
Oberste Nationalliga
The table of this season of Germany's Oberste Nationalliga. Tables for the second and third league are still a work in progress...

Thanks for inspiration regarding planned cities from the German politics thread, and thanks to other alternate association football posters, mainly @NTF aka Seb , @QTXAdsy et al.

Rinteln is an OTL town in Lower Saxony (Schaumburg-Lippe), the club is TTLs analogue to TSG 1899 Hoffenheim.
Tscheltsch in OTL is a village/hamlet on the Oder, it serves as TTLs analogue to Wolfsburg (and thus 1. FC Tscheltsch to VfL Wolfsburg)
Arneburg in OTL is a village in Saxony-Anhalt. ITTL, it has become the "nuclear city"/"uranium city" of Germany after a much more severe and protracted oil crisis in TTLs 1970s which (among other factors) enabled a pro-nuclear Germany. Officially, the club is just named AGSV Arneburg (or, fully written out, Atomgesellschaftssportverein ("Sports club of the Nuclear Society"), but colloquially among fans, the team is just called Uran Arneburg.

Stendal in its vicinity is a medium to small town IOTL. TuS ELBE Stendal though is TTLs equivalent to Bayer 04 Leverkusen, i.e. an open company team (in German this phenomenon is called Werkself).

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Tabelle Oberste Nationalliga.png
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@durante , @NTF aka Seb , @QTXAdsy , @lionjedi1215 et al.: Here is the table of the second-tier Nationalliga, equivalent to OTL Championship:

Third and, if you want, fourth tiers coming soon...

This league contains several formerly title-winning or at least internationally represented clubs which have fallen from grace - fans always hope that such clubs can return to Oberste Nationalliga some day, but instead, former great clubs like Borussia Mönchengladbach and Dresdner SC are going down into the Zweite Nationalliga, the third tier of German football.
Most more conservative or traditionalist fans deplore the steady rise of company-sponsored clubs like Germania Kirschfels (CCL Ltd., Kirschfelshafen) and clubs being bought up by investors from all over the world, a development seen in more and more clubs even in the second and third tiers.
ITTL, a local investor-based club is often contrasted to and enjoys at least some more support than "vanity" projects by foreign-based billionaires. The least support exists for investors from some of the harshest dictatorships like Katanga, Bioko, Equatoria, Anyanya or Aztlan...
The former, i.e. clubs with a rich local investor, include
Union Rinteln, Miltenberger SV and Borussia Cranz. The investor who bought himself into Union Rinteln, Adolf Reiteler and his RENTE-Gruppe, for example, is at least believed to truly want to support his native region of Schaumburg-Lippe (a region which was indeed not represented in the higher tiers of German football before the rise of Union Rinteln).
On the other hand, foreign-based investors buy shares of clubs more and more frequently. In the case of Pogoń Zabrze though, their investor is Polish-Texan and thus, the club attracts significant numbers of supporters from Poland.

In foreign countries, especially in wealthy technocratic/meritocratic nations of Africa and Asia, things look a lot different. Depending on nationalities of prominent players and success levels of clubs, you can find many supporters of Arminia Stettin, Bavaria München or Borussia Alleinstein 04 in Africa and East, South and Southeast Asia - despite most never having been to where "their" club is based, let alone having seen "their" club play live.

Some of these projects do prove successful, including the likes of Arminia Stettin, FV Bavaria München, KS Pogoń Zabrze and Borussia Allenstein 04, but some also fail abysmally and just end in chaos, bankruptcy and relegation to regional or even local leagues of the fourth (if all goes well, the national-level third) to eighth tiers.

An example of an abysmal failure for everybody involved, including politics and the billionaire himself, is the story of the club originally called 1. FC Bromberg 04.

Support for Lahner SV is at best lacklustre, too, with their 48,000-seater stadium rarely sold out. But this is for an entirely different reason: Despite the referendum to dissolve the city of Lahn failing to meet its quorum, locals in Wetzlar, but especially in Gießen, still haven't adapted to the fusion of their two cities with several more rural villages and small towns in between to the City of Lahn. The city is starting to gel and become more normal by now as a generation has grown up who does not know Gießen or Wetzlar as independent cities, but local identity is hard to overcome. Lahner SV does help, but some continue to support lower level clubs from Gießen and Wetzlar and see Lahner SV (just like the entire city) as an "artificial plastic club" (künstlicher Plastikklub).

Tabelle Nationalliga.png
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Zwiete Nationalliga
And here is the table of the Zweite Nationalliga, the third league of German football - equivalent to EFL League One.

Do you want me to make the tables for the three regional (but still professional!) fourth-tier leagues?

Königsberg an der Mosel, south of OTL Traben-Trarbach, is a planned city built in the 1960s-70s to relieve Frankfurt am Main. It didn't reach its target population of 300,000 to this day (but has reached 227,000), but the project is mostly considered successful. Locals love the new city and the landscape around it, while others view it as an "artificial" city without an identity. Which was certainly true in the 1960s-1980s, but not so much nowadays.
The club, however, the oldest Frankfurt club (VfL Germania Frankfurt 1894) "transplanted", is the equivalent of OTL Milton Keynes Dons, with VfL Germania 1894 the equivalent of AFC Wimbledon. Germania Königsberg a. d. Mosel does enjoy support from Königsberg locals and the Mosel region and a rivalry with clubs like Borussia Koblenz...

Tabelle Zweite Nationalliga.png
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