Rememberences of Map Contests Past


Roll on (Eighteen Wheeler) -- by Alabama

This is a great little mid-80s country song that tells a great little story. The map shows why the jack-knifed rig ended up in a snowbank in Illinois.

Lyrics and an audio link are below.

Roll on (Eighteen Wheeler) -- Alabama

Roll on highway, roll on along
Roll on daddy till you get back home
Roll on family, roll on crew
Roll on momma like I asked you to do
And roll on eighteen-wheeler roll on (Roll on)

Well it's Monday morning, he's kissin' momma goodbye
He's up and gone with the sun
Daddy drives an eighteen-wheeler
And he's off on a midwest run
As three sad faces gather 'round momma
They ask her when daddy's comin' home
Daddy drives an eighteen-wheeler
And they sure miss him when he's gone (Yeah they do)

Ah, but he calls them every night and he tells them that he loves them
He taught them this song to sing

Roll on highway, roll on along
Roll on daddy till you get back home
Roll on family, roll on crew
Roll on momma like I asked you to do
And roll on eighteen-wheeler, roll on (roll on)

Well it's Wednesday evening, momma's waitin' by the phone
It rings but it's not his voice
Seems the highway patrol has found a jack-knifed rig
In a snow bank in Illinois

But the driver was missin' and the search had been abandoned
For the weather had everything stalled
And they had checked all the houses and the local motels
When they had some more news they'd call
And she told them when they found him to tell him that she loved him
And she hung up the phone singin'

Roll on highway, roll on along
Roll on daddy till you get back home
Roll on family, roll on crew
Roll on momma like I asked you to do
And roll on eighteen-wheeler roll on

Momma and the children will be waiting up all night long
Thinkin' nothing but the worst is comin'
With the ringin' of the telephone
Oh, but the man upstairs was listening
When momma asked him to bring daddy home
And when the call came in it was daddy on the other end
Askin' her if she had been singin' the song, singin'

Roll on highway, roll on along
Roll on daddy till you get back home
Roll on family, roll on crew
Roll on momma like I asked you to do
And roll on eighteen-wheeler...

Eighteen-wheeler! Eighteen-wheeler! Eighteen-wheeler! Eighteen-wheeler!
Roll on... Roll on... Roll on... Roll on...

Ashes in the Sky by Loudness

Here is a map of post-apocalyptic Japan featuring ultranationalist Japanese Empire fueled by radical branch of Nichirenism, theocratic Holy League of Tenri (Tenrikyo's focus on healing really helped them grow in the post-war years), agrarian and isolationist Republic of Shikoku as well as the glorious invasion in the name of the Great Leader.

Oh, and the dark areas on the map are the parts that are still too irradiated for human habitation.

The Independent State of California was one of the countries to emerge from the collapse of the United States during an alternate 1990s.

It was inspired by Dani California by the Red Hot Chilli Peppers (hence the large amount of red!).

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MotF 140: Divide and Conquer

The Challenge

Make a map showing an alternate distribution of land after a conflict (EDIT: or land dispute) with the same victors as OTL. Examples would include a different division of Germany after WWI, or an alternate Reconstruction period after the Civil War.
Zek Sora:

United Nations Transitional Authority in Somalia

I thought that since UNOSOM II (United Nations Operation in Somalia II) was generally regarded as a success, it met the standards of the prompt. This version of UNOSOM II is much more successful, as President Clinton doesn't unilaterally pull out U.S. forces, and the Security Council decides to implement a Transitional Authority under U.N. governance in Somalia, similarly to how Transitional Authorities had been implemented in Cambodia and East Timor IOTL. There honestly isn't much else to TTL that I've thought out (what knowledge I have of Somalia I got while researching for this map), so have an infobox:

Doctor President:

The POD for this scenario is that the Yugoslav Chetniks are an actual competent anti-fascist resistance movement instead of mostly collaborating with the Axis. Although they are firmly anti-communist, they manage to generally collaborate with Tito’s Partisans for most of the war, and they are given much support from the British. The presence of a large pro-British organization increases British support for Churchill’s idea of invading the Balkans, and much of the British forces that would have been used in Italy instead land in Greece, Albania, and Dalmatia. Axis forces are transferred from central Europe to fight the British in the Balkans, but they are defeated. As the Axis retreats from the Balkans, the Chetniks and Partisans begin fighting each other. Meanwhile, Italy holds out longer because the allied invasion force is smaller. To the north, the Red army advances through central Europe slightly faster because there are fewer Axis forces there, and by the end of the war they have reached Salzburg and Venice.

After the war, Austria is occupied entirely by the Soviet Union, and Italy is divided between French, Soviet, American, and British occupation zones. The Soviet-supported Partisans and British-supported Chetniks continue to fight in Yugoslavia for a few months until an armistice and division between north and south is agreed to. While North Yugoslavia holds together under Tito, the government of South Yugoslavia is weak. As many parts of South Yugoslavia declare independence, a ‘Balkan Confederation’ is proposed between the former South Yugoslavian nations and Albania and Bulgaria, which are not communist because they are British instead of Soviet influenced, to prevent the new small Balkan states falling under Soviet domination. This is mostly a loose confederation, but with a fully united military. The Balkan Confederation is created.


The Ukraine War (February 1919 – May 1922) was an armed conflict that pitted Soviet Russia against the united forces of the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic.

The conflict began when the Polish head of state Józef Piłsudski formed an alliance with the Ukrainian nationalist leader Symon Petlyura and their combined forces invaded Soviet-occupied Ukraine, liberating Kiev on May 7. In June the Soviet Red Army launched a counteroffensive, reaching the former Polish border by the end of July and advancing through Poland to the outskirts of Warsaw by early August. After a series of battles the Polish-Ukrainian forces managed to inflict a rout on Soviet forces (see 'Miracle on the Vistula') and began to drive the Soviet forces back.

The first peace negotiations began as early as October 1920, but broke down as the Soviets were unwilling to concede key Polish-Ukrainian requirements. The war continued until August 1921, when the allied forces had reached as far as Kharkiv (Kharkov) and Vitebsk, and the Soviet government agreed to an armistice.

The Treaty of Minsk, concluded on May 3, 1922, provided for the bulk of Ukraine to remain an independent state and for substantial portions of Byelorussia to be ceded to Poland, although the eastern parts of both regions remained part of the Soviet Union and became the Byelorussian SSR and Ukrainian ASSR, respectively. The treaty established the frontiers between Poland, Ukraine, and Russia until 1941.


Vermont has a unique feature in its history, namely that it is one of the only states in the country to have been a sovereign nation at one point. The state was admitted in 1791, as the first state not to be one of the thirteen colonies, after New York conceded its claims to the region. Vermont's roots start in the New Hampshire Grants, which Governor Benning Wentworth gave out for settling the region. The region's militia, the Green Mountain Boys, resisted New York's claims to the region, and they eventually proclaimed the Vermont Republic in 1777. Despite Vermont's wishes to join the union, it was kept out until New York conceded its claims for 30 thousand dollars. In this scenario, New York does not give up its claims, and Vermont ends up being subject to a partition to "join" the Union. The land ended up being split between New Hampshire, New York, and Massachusetts (under the guise of "mediator"), with the former getting most of the land, as a large part of the land had been settled under the "New Hampshire Grants". New York got a slice of west-central Vermont, and Massachusetts got the southern end (including Bennington).

Presently, the geography of the "Lands of the Green Mountains" (an uncommon name referring to the region, which barely exists in most Americans' minds) is quite fascinating. To someone from OTL, hypothetically traveling through Vermont would be very fascinating. For starters, most of the towns have names that are not found in OTL Vermont, and in the case of a few (e.g. Berlin, NH), they take a name from a town that already existed in the OTL state (in the case of the "real" Berlin, ITTL it is called by its original name Maynesborough) The Massachusetts and New York parts are mostly exurban towns, anchored by Bennington, Massachusetts (a small city ITTL). The northwest, along Lake Champlain, is home to both the metropolis of Burlington and sleepy lakeside villages. Most towns in the northeastern end are the result of "settlement plantations", set up by New Hampshire in the 19th century to attract settlers from Massachusetts and Connecticut, and as a result most of them are named after communities from those two states. To most people of the region ITTL, the name Vermont refers to a county in the New Hampshire area of the former territory. There is little to no support for statehood for *Vermont, and its popularity is akin to OTL's Second Vermont Republic- people dismiss it as implausible and bad for the economy. In terms of population, the area is more populated (about 950,000 people), largely due to the fact that the states *Vermont is part of had/have more people and money than OTL Vermont, allotting more funds for the region.


The POD for this map centers around the early 1770's, when the American Revolution begins to boil over. The British increase taxes for the 13 colonies, as well as those nearby, such as Nova Scotia (sometimes considered the '14th colony'), Newfoundland, and Quebec, to proactively ensure that they stayed in line. As the revolution started to heat up, the 13 colonies were able to rally patriot sympathies, leading to several of the other colonies revolting, and cutting off some of Britain's naval power. The Battle of Quebec in 1775 succeeded due to the support of the French Canadians, who were frustrated of the tyrannic rule of George III. By the time that the French and Spanish join the war, the Americans are able to rout the British. The magnitude of this defeat was felt when the Treaty of Paris was signed by representatives of each country, granting the Americans their freedom and all British territory east of the Mississippi River and south of Lake Michigan. The French were granted lands along the St. Lawrence River where many French Canadians still resided. As part of the restored Quebec, the French were granted part of the 'Northwest Territory' adjacent to Quebec as well. The American delegation was in favor of the 'Restoration of Quebec' because it provided a buffer between them and the remnants of British North America.

History progresses similarly to OTL. Between 1803 and 1805, diplomats negotiated the sale of the Louisiana Territory to the United States. Napoleon strongly considered retaining control of the territory, hoping that it could become another Quebec, but with the revolt of Saint-Domongue and the possibility of war with the United Kingdom, it was decided that it would be more beneficial to sell the territory instead. There was a much milder War of 1812 between the Americans and the British, which ended quickly with a stalemate. The Mexican American War, fought from 1845 to 1847, ends similarly, with the United States acquiring a large amount of territory in the Mexican Cession (though not as much as OTL). The Oregon Treaty of 1848 determined the borders of the American Northwest with British Canada.

The map is from 1856, before the beginning of the First American Servile Insurrection. It shows the various steamer routes between Britain, Europe, the United States, Quebec, and British America. Also shown is the first Atlantic Telegraph Cable, which provided a faster means of communication between the two continents.
CourageousLife got first place, Zek Sora second, Doctor President third.

(It came in last, but DPKdebator's map caught my attention, because while there are a lot of maps wanking states, or creating entirely new ones, but fewer with pre-existing states ceasing to exist while their land remains within the US, through merger or, in this case, Poland-style partition.
And the wifi continues to be crappy. Well, will try again tomorrow morning.

(I am adding this line after trying and failing to post three times.)
At long last, an update.

MotF 141: A Conquest of Irony

The Challenge

Make a map depicting a nation or ethnic group taking over another nation that conquered them at some point in the past. (For example: the Philippines conquering Spain, India conquering Great Britain, etc.)

Work in Progress...

The underlying map shows the southern portion of the United States in 1861 at the start of the First American Servile Insurrection. Among other factors, the Free State majorities in both the House and the Senate had threatened to pass legislation to abolish slavery, building on pre-existing North-South tensions. In reaction, several states officially seceded from the Union, beginning with South Carolina in early 1860.

Within a few months, all of the Deep South and most of the Upper South had seceded. There were talks of forming a confederation of states to combat the advancing Union armies when the slaves rose up in rebellion. This dashed any hope of a coordinated southern attack, with each state occupied with rebel slaves in it's own territory.

Areas in the Deep South were most affected by the uprisings, especially regions bordering the Mississippi River (Arkansaw, Louisiana, West Florida, and Chickasaw) and in the Low Country (South Carolina and Georgia). Rebellions were also seen in the Tidewater region (Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina). South Carolina was arguably the hardest-hit state, where over half of the state's population was black, most of who were located at the southern point of the state.

At the height of the war, at least three separate 'Republics' existed in black-majority regions across the south. In the Tidewater, the rebels proclaimed their nation the 'Republic of New Africa'. The cultural focus of the RNA was a return to African origins. The Low Country rebels produced the 'Low Country Republic', centered on Gullah culture. On the Mississippi, the rebels created the 'Republic of Mississippi', which was heavily influenced by Louisiana French Creole and Cajun culture. Race relations in the Republics stayed the same, except the ruling African Americans constituted the upper classes while the Caucasians made up most of the lower classes. They were treated similarly to free blacks in the union, with less rights and privileges than other members of society.

The map, marked by a Union general circa 1863, shows the tentative areas the Republics controlled. In reality, the Republic of Mississippi controlled territory much further south, almost to the mouth of the Mississippi, including the cities of Baton Rouge and New Orleans. The Republic of New Africa controlled a smaller area than marked, with only negligible territory in North Carolina. Richmond also remained out of the control of the RNA, held by a group of Virginian soldiers and civilian militias.

The arrows marked by the Union general denote the tentative Union strategy for regaining control of the South. The plan was to split the Union army in two, one section marching south from Washington D.C. into the RNA, while the other traveled down the Mississippi into the Republic of Mississippi. From there, the armies planned to squeeze the Low Country Republic from two sides. In reality, the Western Army in the Republic of Mississippi encountered much harsher opposition than previously estimated, encountering many guerrilla attacks and ambushes. The Eastern Army quelled the RNA in a matter of months and continued south to the Low Country Republic alone. Both fronts ground to a stalemate until the winter of 1865 where the Union was able to force the Republics to surrender in the face of starvation.


Okay, the written part really went on, but I'm satisfied with how the map turned out, and I'm glad I got to lay out the timeline for this one.
As the Granada War demonstrated, the proliferation of firearms had put Spain, as well as most of the Christian world, at a disadvantage. Nevertheless, the Spaniards now fully understood the importance that these new weapons played, and most European nations began stocking up on the new weapons. The war also showed the current fragility of Christendom; if a nation as small as Granada could wreak so much havoc on Castile, what could the Turks do? It was this fear that prompted Pope Alexander VI and the Catholic clergy to act more aggressively in converting people and expanding the Christian world. Spain was the most fervent in answering this call, persecuting thousands of Jews and Muslims within its borders and declaring an empire bent on bringing the word of Christ to foreign lands whether they wanted it or not.

Although not as passionate, Portugal also took on this duty, with its eyes set mainly on Africa. Now that the Muslim Sahelian Kingdoms were armed with guns from the Middle East, Portugal feared that Islam would spread into the tropical regions of West Africa, threatening trade routes to India. To counter any influence from further north, the Portugese traded firearms and other manufactured goods for slaves, which were sent to work in places such as Madeira, Formosa-Flora, and later São José. One of Portugal's largest clients was the Benin Empire, which gladly took up Portugal's mission and invaded the Hausa Kingdoms in 1517. The "Hausa Crusade", as it would come to be known, was only the beginning of a series of holy wars fought in northern Africa between Muslims, backed by Songhai and the Ottoman Empire, and the budding syncretism between Christianity and indigenous practices, backed by European powers like Spain. Instead of tearing each other down, however, these kingdoms only built each other up. An arms race began between the two groups, and many tribes rushed to form larger states to combat slavers and empires.

Meanwhile, in Europe, many were not taking the Pope's new influence lightly. The ideology of "Reformism" had formed in 1523 thanks to German scholar Klaas Richard, and had begun to take hold throughout northern Europe. It wasn't until the late Sixteenth Century that this ideological conflict evolved into a religious war, with rebellions occuring in the Netherlands, Bohemia, and Savoy, and the English Wars of Religion taking place from 1563 to 1590. The Hapsburg Monarchy, which siezed control of the Holy Roman Empire in 1557, was the Pope's main tool for crushing these rebellions and enforcing restrictions on the press.

One of the most destructive wars in Europe's history, the Great War of Religion, took place from 1622 to 1660, and pitted the Reformist powers of France, Sweden, and Scotland against the Catholic Spain, Germany, Poland and England. It began as a localized conflict in Savoy and ended in a Catholic victory, despite the Russians trying to offer aid. Not long afterward, Spain defeated Portugal after it tried to support England in the Anglo-Spanish War, siezing nearly all of Portugal's colonies east of the Atlantic. Spain had become a formidable empire, controlling swaths of territory in both the Old World and the New World. However, the glory of the Catholic empires wouldn't last forever. Cracks would show in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which would be eclipsed by Russia and Sweden by the end of the century. Inflation and reckless spending would also do a number on the overextended Spanish Empire. The only power to hold on would be England, and England would soon have a new rival...

France, which had lost 40% of its population in some areas, had no time to recover before it was plunged into a Civil War between the traditionalist government in Paris and the semi-theocratic regime installed in Avignon by the Habsburgs. Regardless, France was coming back with a vengeance, winning Savoy's independence in 1720 and causing other southern Habsburg territories (namely Helvetica and the Holy Italian Confederacy) to secede later on. England was taken off guard by France's rise, and tried to counter its influence in wars such as the Polish Civil War and the German War of Succession.

All the while, Africa had been going through a major transformation. Most sources of slaves in West Africa were now under the protection of one major empire or another, meaning that the coastal states had lost their main source of revenue. Additionally, it was hard to compete with Spain, which was still taking slaves from its various African colonies. In order to continue fighting/existing, states like Benin, Aja, and Denkyira needed to find a new source of income, which Portugal was happy to provide. Wanting to spite the country that stole their vast empire, the Portugese aided the West Africans in trading with the Orient, giving them the knowledge to build large ocean-going ships but requiring that they build them themselves. Thus began Africa's naval tradition, one that began unimpressively but slowly became comparable to that of China or Europe.

In 1794, the Spanish Empire finally succumbed to its internal problems and collapsed, creating a power vacuum in the Mediterranean that the Ottoman Empire was swift to take advantage of. More shocking, perhaps, was the Ottomans successful conquest of the Papal States, which had lacked a strong protector. Even Habsburg Germany, which had been united for centuries, was descending into chaos as the North (which held the center of power since the mid 18th cenutry) tried to overthrow the monarchy and create a radical government. It was in this hectic environment that the Moroccans invaded Spain, taking Madrid in 1808. With all of this happening, Britain and France went into a panic and forged an alliance to combat the Moroccans and German Radicals which threatened to turn Europe on its head. This alliance was short-lived, as the "Teutonic Republic" invaded France and imposed its radical system on it.

Britain was in dire straits. Most of Portugal and Spain (save for areas controlled by resistance) was controlled by Morocco, France and Germany were controlled by hostile dictators, Sweden had become isolationist, and any European country that still wanted friendly ties with Britain was inaccessible. In an odd twist of fate, the British Crown actually turned towards a former backwater -- Mali. Mali had recently been the victim of several attacks by Morocco, and wanted to crush the Moroccans just as badly as Britain did. The devoutly Catholic kingdom of Kongo also had a surplus of fighters after defeating a confederacy of rival tribes, and liked the idea of putting them to work elsewhere. Consuls from these three nations, as well as several observers, met in Sidadi, Caboverde to plan out a war not based on religion or power, but on restoring the old order in Europe. What made the Sidadi Conference so bizarre, however, was the leverage that Mali and Kongo got over Britain. The African ambassadors noted that the British were anxious and desperate, so they used this to their advantage and got Britain to grant them special privileges in any land they could conquer.

The coalition made landfall in 1812, with Mali's soldiers assisting the British in Normandy and Kongo's in Holland. While the Dutch theater was successful, the coalition faced fierce resistance from the French Republic. A ceasefire was reached in 1818, but war resumed sporadically over the next few decades. By 1835, it had become apparent that neither Mali nor Kongo still wanted to restore the monarchies of France and Germany, but it was too late for Britain to act. The West African kingdoms had borrowed many of Britain's new technologies and adapted them to their own environment, and West Africa had actually come to overshadow the increasingly frivolous Europe.

The year is 1855. While Sweden has finally broken its silence and supported a counterrevolution in North Germany, France remains a battlefield for colonials, restorationists, and radicals alike. Mali has been trying to play the European kingdoms against each other, but Britain will have no more of it. A war is brewing, and it will determine the balance of power not only in Europe, but worldwide...


I know I've done a lot with the Welsh in the past, but hopefully it's still enjoyable. :) This is me attempting to try a new style, hope you guys like the new traditional-ish map!

PoD: The Battle of Catraeth is much more balanced due to a slightly more unified response from the Bretons. While the Celtic kingdom of Gododdin would still fall, the butterflies from the lessened defeat would allow the Welsh and Scots to win against the Anglo-Saxons later on.

Eryr Pwerus (The Powerful Eagle)
The United Kingdom of Cymbrowy, Lloegr, and Efrog

After the standoff at Catraeth, the Anglish kingdom of Diera was forced to continue its offensives against the Celtic Gododdin. While the Celts were on their last legs, at least in that region, it was still difficult to hold them down for good. Mynyddog, a general who had picked the troops to fight in Catraeth, sent 600 more to wage war against the Anglish, putting up a pretty solid battle before eventually being forced back to Alba. The stand made by Mynyddog wouldn't go unnoticed, however, and the Anglo-Saxon's push into Britain turned from a viral push into a slow trickle. By the year 800 AD, the Anglos still had yet to secure Cymry/Cymbrowy (Wales), Cornyw (Cornwall), along with parts of Hwmbria (Northumbria), Gwladyrhaf (Somerset), and Caerodor (Bristol). The 9th and 10th centuries marked the height of Anglo-Saxon domination, as chaos would overtake the eastern portion of the island by 1000. The Welsh kingdoms, without a considerable offensive from Diera and the north, managed to stay one step ahead of the slowly-stalling invaders. After a few centuries, they were far more ready to fight than they were in the 700's. They were just waiting for the right moment.

Luckily, that right moment came for the Welsh in 976, when the Empire of Rogaland (OTL Norway) invaded the Saxon kingdom of Essex [1], attempting to force them into a monarchical union. Their invasion, however grueling (the Vikings were not as amazing as they were IOTL), marked an opportunity for the Brythonic kingdoms of Deheubarth and Gwynned. Both principalities, being the most powerful Breton states left on the islands, formed a dynastic union meant to help take down Essex. They quickly secured other Celtic lands, some even peacefully. The new Kingdom of Cymbrowy was able to ally with Rogaland, and used their naval technology to their advantage. As Essex was surrounded on all sides, the country collapsed back into its constituent kingdoms, making it much easier for Cymbrowy to take over. Eventually, as the haze settled and Rogaland inevitably withdrew, the border between Cymbrowy and the Anglo-Saxon states was set midway across the island.

Of course, this odd British cold-war only lead to the propagation of the feudal system. Because of this, technological progress was stalled, and the standoff lasted for hundreds of years. Even by the 1300's, the Welsh had only systematically resettled the Anglo-Saxons into specific areas. However, when King Cadogan ascended to the Welsh throne in 1354, he slowly implemented his policies to take over the Saxon kingdoms. He took over the kingdoms of Diera, Lindsey, and Lincoln during his reign. In response to this, the Anglo-Saxons finally began to ally with one another again, forming the Kingdom of England (although not the one we know and love). Of course, with Welsh having become the dominant language over the hodgepodge that was "Anglish", the kingdom went by the name Lloegr everywhere else. From there until the 1600's, when the feudal system finally began to peter out as Islamic invention crossed the border from Iberia into Western Europe, the rivalry between Cymbrowy and Lloegr was pretty consistent. By that point, however, the kings of Cymbrowy and Lloegr were both very closely related, and Lloegr was failing economically. After spending 1/4 of their GDP on a failed missionary effort in Ireland, Lloegr was forced to give up their independence and unify with their Welsh enemies. Efrog, after making appeals in the 1800's, was elevated to "kingdom" status as it essentially had its own culture (a mix of Albans, Cymbrowy, and Saxons). Today, while the so-called United Kingdom is still pretty much a backwater country, it is definitely ruled by the Welsh. [2]

- Essex took on a very England-esque role in this TL. It unified with Kent, along with many other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. However, as it was mostly ruled by Saxon kings, it could also be called "Saxonland".

[2] - A few small notes about this world. Firstly, as there was no real Renaissance, technology is still on an 1700's level, with the Americas being much less colonized. Lloegr also has a high independence movement; they held a referendum in 2014, but it wasn't recognized by the King.

Map the the Thirteen Administrative Zones of American Occupied Britain, 1976, shortly before the British Revolutionary War.

Established in 1948 following the Liberation of the British Isle from Nazi Occupation, the Administration Zones (known also as the Admin-Zones and A-Zs) were initially formed in order to help the occupying powers efforts with Denazification and the eventual transfer of power to the British Goverment in exile.

Whilst these occupation zones were initially administrated by a mix of America, Canadian, and Portuguese Troops alongside members of the British Resistance, due to the economic pressures, administrative duties were handed to America. The first major hurdle, one that would not be crossed until 1983, was the matter of Sovereignty, with both the Goverment in exile and Resistance Administration deemed unpalatably left-wing and sympathetic to the Soviet Union. Thus, until tensions between the west and east simmered down, American Forces remained stationed in what became a protectorate.

This is not to say that America exerted complete control. A civilian council would serve alongside the American Forces, and, whilst the London, Northern Irish, and Scottish Admin-Zones would have democracy suspended in favour of marshall law, each other region elected officials to serve in the civilian council. The two famous, and important, would be Major Denis Healy and General Enoch Powell, of the Yorkshire and West Midlands, respectively. Both men, whilst ideological divergent, would support self-governance, even meeting then President Alfred Driscoll at a 1963 summit in Plymouth to discuss returning the Isle to British Sovereignty.

However, in 1967, things would begin to fall apart. Tension between the BAZ's and US escalated following an attempt by the American House to pass an Annexation Bill. Whilst the Bill would fail, paranoia surged among citizens that America would now attempt to assimilate Britain. High taxation in 1968 would also see anger swell against the Occupying Forces, and the Liverpool Massacre, in which a dozen students of the Liverpool Polytechnic were gunned down during protest, resulting in marshall law extending across all of the A.Zs as rioting broke out. The 'British Question', as it was becoming increasingly known as, was further exacerbated following the election of Irish-Catholic Robert Kennedy in 1972. A staunch Conservative of his Fathers molding, Kennedy would pursue brutal measures to put down suspected rebellion in the BAZ, and poured troops in the region.

The first inklings of what was to come emerged in 1975. Dr. Edward Heath, a former Soldier turned Professor, rallied some five thousand protesters to march on the former House of Westminster, his intention to force the Americans to reinstate the British Parliament and withdraw. This came at a precarious time- Congress has passed the Belfast Act, which would see Northern Ireland transition to Irish Rule, as well as more invasive acts to quash the sporadic violence, and President Kennedy was facing increasing hostility by Americans over the use of troops on what was increasingly viewed as disproportional retaliation. The march turned to chaos, several hundred wounded and killed, civilian, protester, and American alike. Heath would be arrested and executed. Kennedy would use the images of dead troops to rally America around open confrontation with the Rebels. The civilian councils would be abolished; in response, Powell and Healy established a Shadow Council. This Council, with representatives from all other A.Z's bar Northern Ireland, declared Independence from the US on July 9th, 1976, following several months of frigid negotiations. The British Revolution had begun.